Wexford (from Old Norse: Veisafjǫrðr Irish: Loch Garman ) [2] is the county town of Wexford, Ireland. It is near the southeast corner of the island of Ireland, close to Rosslare Europort. The city is linked to Dublin from the M11 / N11 National Primary Route and the national rail network. It has a population of 19,913 (20,072 with surroundings), according to the census of 2011. [1]


Wexford is located on the south side of Wexford Harbour, the mouth of the River Slaney. According to a local legend, the town got its Irish name, County Wexford , by a young man named Garman Garbh drowned on the mudflats at the estuary of the River Slaney flood waters were a troll. The resulting loch lough and was thus named Loch Garman. The city was founded avvikingarna in about 800 AD. They named it Veisafjǫrðr , which inlet mud flats, and the name has changed only slightly in its current form. For about three hundred years it was a Viking town, a city-state, largely independent and dependent only token contributions to the Irish kings of Leinster.

But in May 1169 Wexford besieged by Dermot MacMurrough, King of Leinster, and his Norman ally, Robert Fitz-Stephen. Denordiska inhabitants resisted fiercely until the Bishop of Ferns persuaded them to accept a settlement with Dermot.

Wexford was an old English settlement in the Middle Ages. An old dialect of English, known as Yola, was spoken uniquely in Wexford until the 19th century.

As a result of the Crusades, the Knights Templar had a presence in Wexford.So far, their names immortalized in the old knight temp chapel yard Johannes cemetery, at Wexford Upper St. John Street.

County Wexford produced strong support for the League of Ireland during the 1640s. A fleet of the League hijackers were based in Wexford town, consisting of sailors from Flanders ochSpanien and local men. Their ships raided English Honourable shipping, provides some of the revenue to the federal government in Kilkenny. As a result, the city was sacked by English Parliamentarians during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland in 1649. Many of its inhabitants were killed and much of the city was burned. In 1659 Solomon Richardsutsågs governor, but he was dismissed and jailed after reset next year.

County Wexford was in the middle of the 1798 rebellion against British rule.Wexford town held by the rebels throughout the Wexford rebellion and was the scene of a notorious massacre of local loyalists of the United Irishmen, who executed them with taunts at Wexford bridge.


Redmond Square, near the train station, in memory of the older John Edward Redmond (1806-1865) who was the Liberal MP for the city Wexford.Inskriptionen reads: “.. My heart is with the city of Wexford Nothing can quench love, but the cold ground in the grave” His nephew William Archer Redmond (1825-1880) sat as an MP in Isaac Butt is Greenland’s Party from 1872 to 1880. the younger John Redmond, son of William Archer Redmond, was a devoted follower of Charles Stewart Parnell and leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party until his death in April 1918. He is buried in Redmond family vault at the old knight temp chapel yard Johannes cemetery, Upper St.John Street. Redmond Park was formally opened in May 1931 as a memorial Willie Redmond, [3] younger brother John Redmond. He was also an Irish Parliamentary Party MP, was killed in 1917 while serving with 16 (Irish) Division on the Western Front underMessines offensive, where he was buried. Willie Redmond had sat as an MP Parnellite Wexford from 1883 until in 1885.

Wexford success as a port city declined during the first half of the 20th century because of the ever-changing sand Wexford Harbour. [4] By 1968 it had become unprofitable to keep dredging a channel from the harbor mouth to the wharves to accommodate larger ships of the era, so the gate closed.The port had been extremely important for the local economy, with coal is a major import and agricultural machinery and grain exported. The woodworks fronted quays, which was synonymous with Wexford were removed in the 1990s as part of an ambitious plan to claim the berth as an amenity for the city and keep it as a commercially viable water. Despite bankruptcy entrepreneur, the project was a success.

In the early 21st century, a new port was built about 20 kilometers (12 mi) south at Rosslare Harbour, now known as Rosslare Europort. This is a deep-water harbor, unaffected by tides and currents. All major shipping now uses this port and Wexford Port is only used by fishing boats and recreational boats.


Wexford is home to many young and older theater groups, including Bui Bolgstreet performance group, Oyster Lane Theatre Group, Wexford Pantomime Society, Wexford Light Opera Society with the Chairman Colin Murphy and Wexford Drama Group.

Wexford has a number of stage and music venues including Wexford Opera House, Dun Mhuire Theatre and Wexford Arts Centre. Wexford’s Theatre Royal Opera House has recently been replaced by Wexford Opera House, and it hosts the internationally renowned opera festival every October. Dr Tom Walsh started the festival in 1951, and has since grown to become the internationally recognized festival it is today. Dun Mhuire theater holds musical events and bingo as well as hosting shows by Oyster Lane Theatre Group and Wexford Pantomime Society. Wexford Arts Centre exhibitions, theater, music and dance events. Various concerts are held in St. Iberius’s Church (Church of Ireland).

Until the mid-nineteenth century the Yola languages could be heard in Wexford, and some words remain still in use. The food in Wexford is also different from the rest of Ireland, due to the local cultivation of fish and shellfish, smoked cod is a symbolic dish of the region.

The National Lottery Skyfest held in Wexford in March 2011, providing a formidable fireworks and pyrotechnic waterfall on the city’s main bridge over 300m. [5] Bui Bolg ( Yellow Belly ) also performed at night. [5]


Wexford has seen some major changes such as Key center in Quay West, the rebuilding of quayfront himself, Whites Hotel and the large new housing development of Clonard Village. The proposed development includes the development of a new large residential area on Carcur, a new river crossing at that point, the new city library, renovation of Selskar Abbey and the controversial redevelopment of the former site of Wexford Electronix.Although they moved the office environment ministry has been built close to Wexford General Hospital on Newtown Road.

Notable churches in the city include the “Twin Churches” St. Iberius Church, Bride Street and Rowe Street with their distinctive spiers, St. Peter’s College, with a chapel designed by Augustus Pugin; and Ann Street Presbyterian Church. A former Quaker meeting hall is now a band room in the High Street.The two churches can be seen from any part of Wexford and in 2008 celebrated its 150th anniversary.


From the employment point of important employers in and around the city are: Wexford Creamery, Celtic Linen, Wexford Viking Glass, Snap-Tite, Waters Technology, Kent Construction, Equifax and BNY Mellon. Coca-Cola operates a research facility that uses up to 160. [6] Eishtec operates a call center for British mobile operator EE, which employs 250. [7] Jack n Jones, Pamela Scott, A-wear and other retailers operating in the city.

In the public sector, employment is provided at Johnstown Castle from Teagasc, the Environmental Protection Agency headquarters in Johnstown, Department of Environment, Wexford County Council and Wexford General Hospital.

In May 2011, the official web portal for Wexford began involving municipalities, tourism Wexford and Wexford Means Business Website, aims to promote the value of Wexford as a business destination.

Tourist attractions

Curracloe Beach in Wexford was the site in 1997 for the opening scenes inSaving Private Ryan . [8]

The Irish National Heritage Park in Ferrycarrig contains various exhibits spanning over 9,000 years of Irish history, allowing the visitor to wander around re-creations of historic Irish home including Crannogs, Viking and Norman house soon. [9]

The Wexford Wildfowl Reserve is a Ramsar site based on the mudflats, (locally called slobland), just outside Wexford. [10] It is a migratory stop-off point for thousands of ducks, geese, swans and waders. Up to 12,000 (50% of world population) of the Greenland white-fronted geese spend the winter on the Wexford slobs. There is a visitor center with exhibits and an audiovisual show. [11]


Wexford railway station was opened 17 August 1874. [12] The railway line from Dublin to Rosslare Harbour runs along the quay on the northeastern outskirts of the city. In 2010 Ross Beach Waterford train service was canceled because of budget cuts at Irish Rail.

Wexford is also served by local and national bus network, mainly Bus Éireann, Wexford Bus and Ardcavan. There are also many local Taxi and Hackney suppliers.

Rosslare Europort is 19 km south of Wexford. Car ferries running between Fishguard and Pembroke in Wales and Cherbourg and Roscoff in France. The companies operating these routes Stena Line and Irish Ferries.

The nearest airport to Wexford is Waterford which is about an hour away (70 km). Dublin Airport and Cork Airport are both approximately two and a half hours away.

The city also has a shuttle bus that stops at the city’s main facilities.



Wexford Golf Club has a newly built clubhouse and course, which was completed in 2006 and 2007 respectively.


The Wexford Youths Football Club have access to the League of Ireland in 2007. Wexford Youths is the first Wexford-based club to participate in the competition. Wexford Youths is a creation of the previous building TD Mick Wallace, who financed the construction of a complex for the new team home in Newcastle, Ferrycarrig. In 2015 the team won promotion to the Irish Premier League. The club launched Wexford Youths WFC, a women’s National League team in 2011.

Gaelic game

Wexford is also home to several Gaelic Athletic Association clubs. Although the town was traditionally associated with Gaelic football, with six teams that provide plenty of outlets for their young people, it was not until 1960 that the hurling took his footing, with a lot because of local man Oliver “Hopper” McGrath’s contribution to county All- Ireland hurling Final victory over the then champions Tipperary. Having made an early second-half goals to effectively kill off the opposition, McGrath went on to become the first man from Wexford town to get an All-Ireland Hurling medal winners.

One of the city’s local hurling club, Faythe Harriers, holds a record fifteen county minor championship after dominating minor hurling scene in the 1950s, 1960s and early 1970s. However, the high side had only briefly successful periods, after winning just five county senior championship.

Although the team has not reached the county senior football achievement since 1956, volunteers ( “Vols”) in Wexford Town to keep a record eleven county senior titles, as well as six smaller titles. Other notable Gaelic football clubs in the city’s SARS Fields, Mary of Maudlintown, Clonard and Saint Joseph’s.

Wexford had a brilliant hurling teams in the 1950s, which included the famous Rackard Brothers, Nicky, Bobby and Willie, art Foley who was the goalkeeper, Ned Wheeler, push in the right direction Kehoe, Tom Ryan, Tim Flood, Jim Morrissey, Nick O Donnell , to name a few.


Wexford has a rugby club called Wexford Wanderers.


Ireland’s former boxing head coach and Olympian Billy Walsh was born in Wexford town and has contributed greatly to the success of minors level boxers with local club St. Ibars / Josephs.


There are five high schools serving the population of the city:

St. Peter’s College, Wexford (for boys), Coláiste Eamon Rice, County Wexford – CBS, Wexford (for boys), Presentation Secondary School, Wexford (for girls), Loreto Secondary School, Wexford (for girls), and Selksar College SC ( mixed).


  • John Banville, writer
  • John Barry, father of the American Navy
  • Eoin Colfer, author
  • Brendan Corish, politicians
  • Anne Doyle, RTÉ Journalism
  • Jane Elgee “Speranza”, the mother of Oscar Wilde
  • Gerald Fleming, meteorologist [18]
  • Brendan Howlin, politicians
  • William Kenealy, recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • John Kent, Newfoundland politician
  • Dave King, musician
  • Larry Kirwan, writers and musicians
  • Michael Londra, singer
  • Declan Lowney, chief
  • Thomas D’Arcy McGee, Canadian politicians
  • Dan O’Herlihy, actor
  • Bridget Regan, musicians
  • Billy Roche, playwright
  • Dick Roche, politicians
  • Kathleen Viscountess Simon champion. [19]
  • Declan Sinnott, musicians
  • John Sinnott, recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Pierce Turner, singer-songwriter
  • John Welsh, author
  • Kevin Doyle, soccer player
  • William Lamport, Irish soldier on the Zorro said to be based
  • Cry Before Dawn, rock band who achieved success in the late 1980s, going from Wexford.
  • John W Carr Freelance Photographer


Main article: List of twin town in Ireland

Wexford is twinned with the following places:

  • Annapolis, MD, United States [20]
  • Couëron, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France [21]
  • Lugo, Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy [22]
  • Staten Island, New York, NY
  • Yanga, Veracruz, Mexico [23]

See also

  • List of Market Houses in Ireland
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland
  • yola site


  1. ^ Jump up to: ab “Legal Wexford Town results”. Central Bureau of Statistics . 2011.
  2. Jump up ^ placental Database of Ireland is the county town of Wexford, Ireland
  3. Jump up ^ Wexford Hub
  4. Jump up ^ “Wexford Quay”. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  5. ^ Jump up to: ab Kane, Conor (21 March 2011). “Pyrotechnic spectacle banish the darkness.” Irish Times. Retrieved April 13, 2015 – via HighBeam Research. (Subscription required (help)).
  6. Jump up ^ independent.ie
  7. Jump up ^ eishtec.com
  8. Jump up ^ “Saving Private Ryan”. Filmography. Irish Film and Television Network. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
  9. Jump up ^ “The Park”. The Irish National Park. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  10. Jump up ^ “Wexford Wildfowl Reserve – About us”. National Parks & Wildlife Service. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  11. Jump up ^ “The Wexford Wildfowl Reserve.” Office of Public Works (OPW). Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  12. Jump up ^ “Wexford station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved seven September of 2007.
  13. Jump up ^ CSO.ie, census record 1821 figures.
  14. Jump up ^ Histpop.org
  15. Jump up ^ NISRA.gov.uk
  16. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  17. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468 -0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  18. Jump up ^ RTE.ie, the weather team at RTÉ website
  19. Jump up ^ Oldfield, Sybil (January 2008), “Simon, Dame Kathleen Rochard, Viscountess Simon”, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, retrieved January 4, 2013 (subscription required)
  20. Jump up ^ “Our city and history.”
  21. Jump up ^ “Jumeblages” [Vänorts] (in French).
  22. Jump up ^ “Twinning pact between the towns of Wexford and Lugo” (PDF).
  23. Jump up ^ “Llegan funcionarios de Irlanda en Yanga” [Irish officials arrive in Yanga] (in Spanish).