Temple Bar (Irish: Barra a Teampaill ) is an area on the south bank of the River Liffey in central Dublin, Ireland. The area bounded by the Liffey to the north, Dame Street to the south, Westmoreland Street to the east and Fishamble Street in the west. Unlike other parts of Dublin city center, it is touted as Dublin’s cultural quarter, and has a lively nightlife that is popular among tourists. Popular venues include The Palace Bar, The Temple Bar Pub, Oliver St. John Gogarty and The Auld Dubliner (fine boys bar).

Temple Bar is the zip code Dublin 2 (D2), and has an estimated population of 3000th

History

The historical name of the district was not Temple Bar but St Andrews Parish. It was a suburb of medieval (Anglo-Norman) Dublin, located outside the city walls, but it fell into disuse in the early 14th century, as the country was attacked by the native Irish. Soil renovated again in the 17th century, to create gardens for the houses of wealthy English families.

The original line of the Liffey, the beach was marked by Essex Street Temple Bar Fleet Street, but the land beyond the walls of the progressive and recycled. Unusually, the reclaimed land does not quayed the beginning, but had houses adjoining the water, and it was not until 1812 that these houses were replaced by Wellington Quay. Bernard de Gomme map of Dublin in 1673, the large recovery and new building that had taken place in the eastern suburbs south of the Liffey in the 17th century. The Gomme’s is the earliest map or document specifically refer to Temple Bar and other familiar streets in the area is dusted (Dame) Street and dirty (formerly Hogges, now Temple) Lane. [1]

Many sources agree that Temple Bar Street got its name from the Temple family, and especially Sir William Temple (rector of Trinity College from 1609 to 1627), whose houses and gardens are there in the early 17th century.But given the presence of a historic district with the same name in London, it seems that the new Temple Bar Street in Dublin must have been a nod to his older and more famous cousin.

In addition, London’s Temple Bar adjacent to Essex Street to the west and Fleet Street to the east and streets with the same names occupy similar positions in relation to the Temple Bar. It seems almost certain because Dublin’s Temple Bar was named first in imitation of the historic Temple police station in London. But a secondary and equally plausible reason for using the name of Temple Bar in Dublin would be a reference to one of the area’s most prominent families, in a kind of pun or play on words. Or, as it has been put more succinctly, Temple Bar “honors to London and landlord in nicely measured proportions”. [2]

Fishamble Street near Temple Bar was the site of the first performance of Handel’s Messiah, 13 April 1742. An annual performance of Messiah held the same day at the same location. A republican revolutionary group, the Society of the United Irishman, was formed at a meeting in a tavern in Eustace Street 1791st

In the 18th century was the center of prostitution in Dublin. [3] During the 19th century, the area slowly declined in popularity, and in the 20th century, suffered from the urban decay, with many derelict buildings.

In the 1980s, the state-owned transport company Coras Iompair √Čireann (CIE). Proposed to buy up and demolish property in the area and build a bus terminal in its place. Although it was in the planning stage, where they bought buildings let at low rents, which attracted small shops, artists and galleries in the area. Protests from a Taisce, residents and traders led to the cancellation, the bus station, and then Prime Minister Charles Haughey was responsible for securing funding, [4] and in 1991 the government set up a non-profit company called Temple Bar Properties to oversee the regeneration of the area Dublin’s cultural quarter. [5]

In 1999, the “stag parties” and “hen parties” supposedly forbidden (or discouraged) from Temple Bar, mainly because of drunken loutish behavior, although this seems to have expired. [6] But the noise and anti-social behavior is usually driven by excessive alcohol consumption is still a problem at night. [7]

Present

The area is the location of many Irish cultural institutions, including the Irish Photography Centre (incorporating the Dublin Institute of Photography, the national photographic archive and the Gallery of Photography), Ark Children’s Cultural Center, the Irish Film Institute, incorporating the Irish Film Archive, the Button Factory, Arthouse Multimedia Centre, Temple Bar Gallery and Studios, the project Arts Centre, the Gaiety School of Acting, IBAT College Dublin, and the Irish stock Exchange and the Central Bank of Ireland.

After nightfall, the area is a major center for nightlife, with many tourist-oriented nightclubs, restaurants and bars. Pubs include The Temple Bar Pub, The Porterhouse, Oliver St. John Gogarty, Turkish head, Czech Inn (the former Isolde Tower), the Quays Bar, the Foggy Dew, The Auld Dubliner and Bad Bob.

Two squares have been renovated in recent years – Meeting Square and the center of Temple Bar Square . The Temple Bar Book Market is held on Saturdays and Sundays in Temple Bar Square.

Meeting Square, which takes its name from the nearby Quaker Meeting House, used for outdoor film screenings during the summer months. Since summer 2004, the Meeting Square is also home to the Speaker’s Squareproject (an area of public speaking) and the Temple Bar Food Market every Saturday.

The cow’s Lane Market is a fashion and design market that takes place on the cow’s Lane every Saturday.

Part of the 13th century August Friary of the Holy Trinity is visible in an apartment / restaurant complex called “The Friary.” [8]

In popular culture

  • The Bollywood film Ek Tha Tiger had a song in the area. [9]
  • Irish singer / songwriter Billy Treacy released a satirical song about Temple Bar. [10]
  • The Irish singer Nathan Carter released a song called Temple Bar. [11]

See also

  • List of streets in Dublin

References

  1. Jump up ^ Sean Murphy, “A Brief History of Dublin’s Temple Bar”, the Centre for Irish genealogical and historical studies, Bray, County Wicklow. web here
  2. Jump up ^ Murphy, op. cit., quotes the National Library of Ireland, “Maps Dublin’s historic”, Dublin, 1988.
  3. Jump up ^ Striapacha Tri Chead Bliain Duailcis (Prostitutes: Three hundred years of Vice) Niamh O’Reilly, J. Irish Studies
  4. Jump up ^ Obituary Charles Haughey, The Independent June 14, 2006
  5. Jump up ^ Temple Bar framework plan – Dublin Corporation (1991)
  6. Jump up ^ Bar Stag Ban Sends Revellers to the London Sunday Mirror , January 3, 1999
  7. Jump up ^ nightmare in a city that never sleeps – the Irish Times , September 9, 2008
  8. Jump up ^ Casey, Christine (2005). Dublin: The City Within the Grand and Royal canals and Circular Road in the Phoenix Park. Yale University Press. p. 440. ISBN 0300109237th
  9. Jump up^ http://filmireland.net/2011/09/29/bollywood-film-%e2%80%98ek-tha-tiger%e2%80%99-i-am-tiger-shoots-in-temple-bar-dublin-in-october/
  10. Jump up ^ Kehoe, Michael (13 October 2014). “Singer warns Dublin tourist trap”. Irish Music Daily. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  11. Jump up ^ “Stayin ‘Up All Night’. Www.nathancartermusic.com. Pulled 07/27/2016.