Lough Corrib ( / l ɒ x k ɒr ᵻ b / lokh korr -ib , Irish : Loch Coirib ) är en sjö i västra Irland . Den floden Corrib eller Galway floden förbinder sjön till havet vid Galway . Det är den näst största lough i ön Irland (efter Lough Neagh ). Det omfattar 176 km² och ligger främst i County Galway med ett litet område av sin nordöstra hörnet i County Mayo .

The first channel on the island of Ireland was cut in the 12th century. Known as Friar Cut, allowed the boats to pass from Lough Corrib to the sea at Galway.

William Wilde, father of Oscar Wilde wrote a book about the lake, first published in 1867. He built a summer on the shores of the lake, calledMoytura House .

Lough Corrib was designated a Ramsar site 16 June 1996. It has also been designated a Special Area of Conservation.

Name

Loch Coirib is a corruption of Loch Oirbsean . According placename lore, this refers Oirbsen or Oirbsiu-another name for the Tuatha Dé Danann figure Manannan -As believed to have been a god of the sea. The Irish lough is also called a Choirib ( “Corrib”).

Marine archeology and charts

Investigations have been made since 2007 by a local surveyor / cartographer to create updated charts of Lough Corrib. [3] These have revealed a large number of objects of historical significance that have been investigated by the Underwater Archaeology Unit of the National Monuments Service. [4]These include many bronze age and iron age vessels (dugout canoes), the “Annaghkeen Boat ‘to be 40 feet long and beautifully carved, [5] the” Carrowmoreknock Boat “an incredibly preserved 10th century vessel carrying three Viking battle axes, [6] and the wreckage of a Victorian pleasure yacht .The lake is now of international importance as a marine archaeological site.All historic shipwrecks in the lake is protected, and a license to dive those required by the National Monuments Service. [7]

Wildlife

There is an abundance of wildlife in Lough Corrib including birds and hawks, otters, mink, ermine, frogs, bats, and more. The dawn chorus in early spring are spectacular to listen to. [ Citation needed ] Lough Corrib can be divided into two parts: a smaller shallower basin in the south and a larger deeper pool in the north. These two parts are connected by a narrow channel. In the southern and eastern parts of the lake, the lake bottom is dominated by limestone bedrock covered by deposits of marl deposited. The surrounding land is mostly pastoral farmland in the south and east and the bog in the west and north. Besides the lake basis, certain areas of scientific interest bordering the lake, such as forest, grassland callows, and bog, have been incorporated into the special area of conservation.

Threats to ecology

In addition to being an internationally recognized attraction for tourists and fishermen, Lough Corrib recently become more known for its many unwelcome visitors. In early 2007, a large number of protozoan parasiteCryptosporidium was detected in water from the lake, leading to contamination of the public water supply in the city of Galway, and an outbreak of cryptosporidiosis. Another unwelcome visitors is the highly invasive species lagarosiphon major (also known as “curly leaf water plague” or “South African nate), which destroys fish habitat, and zebra mussel.

Cryptosporidium outbreaks

March 21, 2007 Cryptosporidium was confirmed to be present in drinking water in Galway City, Moycullen, Oughterard and Headford, who had been commissioned six days earlier to boil their water before drinking. The water is taken from Lough Corrib was likely contaminated by the migration of animal and human feces. Dick Roche, the environment minister announced an additional allocation of € 48 million to deal with the issue.

Galway City Council announced a one-for-one system April 10, 2007 by which they would bear the cost of a second bottle of water, if one bought.Other measures include upgrading existing water treatment and filtration systems, as well as the proposed importation of water from nearby Luimnagh, Tuam, County Galway. This beachfront Luimnagh have modern facilities for Cryptosporidium eradication and filtration.

Community Care Organization, Cope, delivered bottled water to their elderly customers from 30 March 2007. [8]

A lobby group founded on 8 April 2007 to highlight the issue. One aspect of the group is an account on MySpace social networks. [9]

Islands

While Lough Corrib is said to have 365 islands, a new more accurate figure of the creator of the lists of the lake is 1327 [10] The most famous of the islands are Inchagoil Island, halfway between Cong ochOughterard. It is one of the largest of the many wooded islands along Lough Corrib. The island has a spectacular view of Maumturk range, Joyce country and the mountains of Connemara. There are some secluded beaches and enchanting forests with a variety of walks around the island. There are signs of an early settlement monas still mostly remains a mystery. There are two churches remain, St. Patrick’s and 12’s church called “holy” church. There are several routes around the island, an old cemetery and the remains of four or five cabins that housed the few inhabitants.

Another noted the island’s Caislean-na-Circe, between Maam and Doon.This part of Lough Corrib is free of islands with the exception of the mountain that the old hen castle of O’Connor and O’Flaherty stands. The castle was home to pirate queen Gráinne O’Malley, who lived in the time of Queen Elizabeth I of England. 1225 caused Lord Justice Odo O’Flatherty giving up Kirk Castle to Odo O’Connor, King of Connaught, in order to declare their allegiance. Castle of Hen considered [ by whom? ] To be the oldest fortress of its kind in Ireland, and it is undoubtedly one of the best built. [Citation needed ] When first built, and well defended, with good supermarkets, this castle must have been impregnable. [ citation needed ] the stones hillside suddenly in the water on all sides. It is available only in some places. The castle is steeped in history and legend. Cruises on the lake can be enjoyed on the basis of Cong, Ashford Castle, Galway City, and Oughterard.

annalistic references

Se Annals of Inisfallen (AI)

  • AI1027.9 Muiredach Ua Flaithbertaig besieged Cathal, son Ruaidrí on Inis Crema Loch Oirbsen, and shared his country in spite of him.

See also

  • Lista över Loughs i County Mayo
  • List of Loughs in Ireland
  • Milwaukee Cryptosporidium outbreak

References

  1. Jump up ^ lagarosiphon major – an aggressive invasive species in Lough Corrib
  2. Jump up ^ http://www.anglingcharts.com
  3. Jump up ^ http://www.anglingcharts.com
  4. Jump up ^ Underwater Archaeology Unit and Ireland Submerged Cultural Resources National Monuments Service
  5. Hoppa upp^http://www.anglingcharts.com/corribwrecks/4500yearolddugout.html
  6. Hoppa upp^http://www.anglingcharts.com/corribwrecks/thecarrowmoreknockboat.html
  7. Hoppa upp^ http://www.archaeology.ie/Licenses/DiveSurveyLicence/
  8. Jump up ^ “Community Catering and Galway Spring Water partners to deliver clean water to Galway city’s older.” Done.
  9. Jump up ^ “Galway water crisis”. MySpace.
  10. Hoppa upp^http://www.anglingcharts.com/charts/newcorribcharts.html