Galway (/ ɡ ɔ lw eɪ /; Irish: Gaillimh , pronounced [ɡalʲɪvʲ]) is an emerging center of town in the west of Ireland in the province of Connacht. Galway City Council is the local authority for staden.Galway located on the River Corrib between Lough Corrib and Galway Bay and is surrounded by County Galway. It is the fourth most populous urban area in the Republic of Ireland and the sixth most populous city in the island of Ireland.

According to the 2016 Irish census, Galway has a population of 79,504;However the rural county agglomeration much greater at 179 048 [3]

Galway will be European Capital of Culture in 2020, along with Rijeka, Croatia.

  • r

Name

The city’s name comes from the river Gaillimh (River Corrib) that formed the western boundary of the earliest settlement, which was called Dún Bhun na Gaillimhe ( “Fort at the mouth of the Gaillimh”). [4] The word Gaillimh means “stony” as in “Stony River” (the mythical and alternative derivations are given in History of Galway). Historically, the name Anglicized as Galliv , [5] which is closer to the Irish pronunciation which is the city’s name in Latin, Galvia.

Like many old cities, Galway has its own myth of origin. According to this mythic version, named for Galway Gaillimh (Galvia), daughter of a local chieftain, Breasail, who drowned in the River Corrib.

The city also bears the nickname “The City of Tribes” (Irish: Cathair na dTreabh ) because “fourteen tribes” of merchant families [6] led the city in its Hiberno-Norman period. The term Tribes was often a derogatory one in Cromwellian times. The merchants would have seen themselves as Irish gentry and loyal to the King. [ Citation needed ] They later adopted the term as a badge of honor and pride in violation of the city Cromwellian occupier.Residents of the town calls itself “Galwegians” and, to a lesser extent, “Tribesmen”. [ Citation needed ]

History

Main article: History of Galway

The walled city in 1651 (North is to the left). The river Corribär in the foreground, crossed by what is now “O’Brien’s Bridge,” which leads to the Main Guard Street.

Dun na Bhun Gaillimhe ( “Fort at the mouth (bottom) of the Gaillimh”) was constructed in 1124 by the King of Connacht, Ua Tairrdelbach Conchobair (1088-1156). Eventually, a small settlement around this fort. During the Norman invasion of Connacht in the 1230s, Galway fort was captured by Richard Mor de Burgh, who had led the invasion. Since the Burghs eventually became Gaelicised, merchants in the city, the tribes of Galway, pushed for greater control of the walled city. [ Citation needed ]

[View] Historical population

This led to their complete control over the city and the granting of mayoral status of the English crown in December 1484. Galway endured difficult relationships with their Irish neighbors. A notice of the western gate of the city, completed in 1562 by Mayor Thomas Oge Martyn, stated “From the Ferocious O’Flahertys may God protect us.” A law forbade native Irish (as opposed to Galway’s Hiberno-Norman citizens) unlimited access to Galway, says “neither O ‘or Mac should strutte or swagger through the streets of Galway” without permission.

During the Middle Ages, Galway was ruled by an oligarchy of fourteen [6]merchant families (12 of Norman origin and two of Irish origin). These were “tribes Galway”. The city flourished in the international trade and in the Middle Ages, it was the principal Irish port for trade with Spain and France.The most famous reminder of those days Ceann an Bhalla ( “the end of the wall”), now known as the Spanish Arch, built during the mayoralty of Wylliam Martin (1519-1520). 1477 Christopher Columbus visited Galway, possibly stopping on a trip to Iceland or the Faroe Islands. Seven or eight years later, he noted in the margin of his copy of Imago Mundi :

Men of Cathay has come from the West. [For] we have seen many signs. And especially in Galway, Ireland, a man and a woman of extraordinary appearance, has come to land on two tree trunks [or hours? or a boat made of such?]

The most likely explanation for these agencies is that they were Inuit swept eastward by the North Atlantic Current. [4]

During the 16th and 17th centuries Galway remained loyal to the English crown for the most part, even during the Gaelic resurgence, perhaps due to survive. But by 1642 the city had allied with the Catholic Confederation of Kilkenny during the war the Three Kingdoms. During the resulting Cromwellian conquest of Ireland Cromwellian forces captured the city after a nine-month siege. At the end of the 17th century the town supported the Jacobites in Williamite war in Ireland and was captured by Williamites after a short siege, not long after the Battle of Aughrim in 1691. The large families Galway destroyed, and, having declined due to the potato famine of 1845- in 1852, the city did not fully recover until the great economic bubble of the late twentieth century.

Religion

Like many old European ports, is the patron saint of the city (since the 14th century), St. Nicholas of Myra. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Galway was established in 1831 AD after the abolition of the Holy See iWardenship Galway. It was associated with the pin Kilmacduagh (est. 1152 AD) and given administratorship in the diocese of Kilfenora (est. 1152 AD) in 1883. Its full name is the Diocese of Galway, Kilmacduagh and apostolic Administratorship Kilfenora (in Irish – Deoise na Gaillimhe, Chill Mac Duach agus Riarachán Aspalda Cill Fhionnúrach, in Latin – Diocesis Galviensis, Duacensis ac Admini Apostolica Finaborensis). The pin is under the patronage of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and St. Nicholas (Galway), Saint Fachanan (Kilmacduagh) and St Colman (Kilfenora). Since the pin Kilfenora is the ecclesiastical province of Cashel Metropolitan Bishop of Galway is its apostolic administrator rather than its bishop. The pins in Galway and Kilmacduagh is the ecclesiastical province of the Metropolitan Tuam. The current bishop is the most Rev. Martin Drennan installed July 3, 2005. Of the 38 parishes in the RC pin 14 is located in the city and is divide into two deaneries – Deanery in Galway City West and Galway City East. In each Deanery a Vicar Forane exercise limited privileges on behalf of the bishop.

In the Church of Ireland, Galway is a parish in the Diocese of Tuam, Killala and Achonry. The main church in the parish is St. Nicholas’ Collegiate Church (founded in 1320). Russian, Romanian, Coptic, and the Mar Thoma Syrian Orthodox churches use the facilities of St. Nicholas Collegiate Church for their services. The Ahmadiyya -run Galway mosque, opened in 2014, is the only purpose-built mosque in Galway. [8]

Political

local authorities

See also: Galway City Council and Mayor of Galway

With a population of 75,529, Galway is the fourth most populous city in the state and the 23rd most populous municipalities. [9] services such as waste management, recycling, traffic, parks and homes controlled by a fifteen member council was elected five years time through proportional representation by means of single transferable vote PR-STV. The municipal council headed by a mayor elected to a one-year term through other råds.Den role as Mayor is primarily ceremonial, although they have the casting vote. The first mayor was Peirce Lynch Fitzjohn, elected in 1485. Cllr.Frank Fahy was elected mayor in June 2015.

The symbols in the office of the mayor and the emblem of dignity council’s Civic Sword (1620) and the great Mace (1710) carried out in procession before the mayor and council solemn civic occasions. When not in ceremonial use they can be seen on the Galway City Museum. 1579, Queen Elizabeth I confirmed the city’s charter and appointed mayor as “Admiral of the Bay and the Aran Islands.” The title, but preserved, rarely used except for purely ceremonial purposes. [ Citation needed ]

Galway City is part of Galway West constituency Dáil. Its TDs are:

  • Noel Grealish (Independent). He was born in Carn Mor.
  • Catherine Connolly (Independent). Former Mayor of Galway, and Galway-based.
  • Éamon Ó CUÍV (Fianna Fáil). Corr na Mona (Conamara) based. He is a former minister of social security.
  • Hildegarde Naughton (Fine Gael). Former Senator and Councillor.
  • Seán Kyne (Fine Gael). Based Moycullen. Previous County municipal.

Irish President Michael D. Higgins was TD for Galway West parliamentary constituency, where Galway City is a part, 1981-1982 and from 1987 to 2011. He was also mayor of Galway for two terms, 1981-82 and 1990- 91. [ needed citation]

The highest honor the city can bestow is the freedom of the city. Among the names on the Roll of Honour: Douglas Hyde, President of Ireland, in 1939, Eamonn de Valera, the Prime Minister, 1946; Sean T O’Kelly, President of Ireland, in 1950, Robert F. Wagner, Mayor of New York, 1961; John F. Kennedy, President of the United States, in 1963, Pope John Paul II, in 1979, Ronald Reagan, President of the United States, 1984, Hillary Clinton, 1999;Richard M. Daley, Mayor of Chicago, in 2003, Nelson Mandela, 2003; Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi, the Burmese activist / leaders, 2005; Ms. Garry Hynes, Druid Theatre founder in 2006 and Michael D. Higgins, President of Ireland, 2012. [ citation needed ]

courts

Galway District Court, the main court summary jurisdiction and hear minor cases without a jury. It is responsible for hearing small civil claims, some law cases, family, administers liquor licensing laws and is responsible for accusing the defendant and send them to trial in the Circuit Court and Central Criminal Court. Circuit Court in Galway trying all criminal prosecutions (these cases can be tried by a judge and jury), except murder, rape, treason, piracy and genocide, which are reserved to the Central Criminal Court. It also appeals from the district court. Its decisions can be appealed to the Court of Criminal Appeal. Politely, the court is limited to claims not exceeding € 75,000. Both parties can waive this amount and the Court’s full jurisdiction. Divorce, separation and probate cases can be heard, provided they are within the financial parameters of the courts jurisdiction.Decisions in civil cases can be appealed to the High Court. [ Citation needed ]

The High Court sits four times a year in Galway to hear original actions (actions not appeal from lower courts). It also sits twice a year in Galway to hear appeals from the Circuit Court in civil and family matters. Its decisions can be appealed to the Supreme Court sitting only in Dublin. [ Citation needed ]

Climate

Galway has a year-round mild, humid, temperate and changeable climate, due to the prevailing winds North Atlantic Current. The city is experiencing a lack of extreme temperatures, with temperatures below 0 ° C (32 ° F) and above 30 ° C (86 ° F) are rare. The city receives an average of 1,156 millimeters (45.51 inches) of rainfall annually, which are evenly distributed over the year. The average January temperature in the city is 5.9 ° C (43 ° F) and the average temperature in July is 15.9 ° C (61 ° F). This means that Galway, like most of Ireland, has a maritime temperate climate ( Cfb ) according to the Köppen climate classification system. While extreme weather is rare, city and county experience severe storms which are the result of strong Atlantic depressions that sometimes passes along the north west coast of Ireland. Most of these storms occur between late autumn and early spring. Because of the city’s northern location and its longitude, Galway has long summer days. Daylight at midsummer before 04:20 and lasts until after 23:00. In midwinter, not daylight not until 8:49, 16:19 and gone.

Tourist attractions

Millennium Children’s Park in Galway, next to one of the city’s many canals.

Lynch’s Castle on Shop Street is probably the finest medieval houses in Ireland. [ Citation needed ] It is now a branch of Allied Irish Banks.

The Church of Ireland St. Nicholas’ Collegiate Church is the largest medieval church still in daily use in Ireland. [ Citation needed ] It was founded in 1320 and enlarged in the following two centuries. It is a particularly nice building in the heart of the old city. Its Catholic counterpart, the Cathedral of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and St. Nicholas was inaugurated in 1965 and is a much bigger, more impressive building from limestone. It has an eclectic style, with Renaissance dome, columns and round arches, and a Romanesque portico that dominates the facade – which is an unusual feature in modern Irish church building. It was suggested by a church in the city of Salamanca in Spain.

Not far from the cathedral stands the original quadrangle building of the National University of Ireland, Galway, built in 1849 (during a Gorta Mor, the Great Famine) as one of the three schools in Queens University of Ireland (along with Queen’s University Belfast ochUniversity College Cork). The university holds the UNESCO archive of spoken material for the Celtic languages.

Another of the city’s limestone buildings is the Hotel Meyrick, originally Railway Hotel and then the Great Southern Hotel, built by Great Southern Railway Company in 1845. [10] Sitting at the southern edge of Eyre Square, the city’s oldest hotel still in operation.

The remains of the Menlo Castle can be seen outside the city, on the east bank of the River Corrib. It was one of the ancestral homes of the Blake family, one of the tribes of Galway from c1600-1910. It is best from the West Bank at Dangan or riverside walk at NUIG. The facade of the families townhouses (Blake Castle) can be seen at the Jury’s Hotel at the bottom of Quay Street.

Eglinton Canal , named after a former Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, joins the River Corrib to the sea, and streams for over a kilometer, is a very pleasant walk from the university to the Claddagh.

The Claddagh is the oldest part of Galway but little or nothing left of the old thatched village. But in a side altar of the parish church, on the Hill, St Mary’s late medieval statue of Our Lady of Galway and visitors in mid-August to participate in the ancient ritual of blessing Bay, on the Sunday closest to the feast of the Assumption.

Browne doorway , originally located on the Lower Abbeygate Street, but now stands at the northern end of Eyre Square, the door to the townhouse in the Browne family, one of the fourteen tribes of Galway.

The Lynch Window (on Market Street), celebrates one of the city’s most enduring legends. Here, in 1493, Mayor James Lynch FitzStephen, hung his own son for the murder of Gomez, a young Spanish visitors who had the misfortune to befriend girlfriend mayor’s son. The son, mistaking friendship for love, thrust the Spaniard to death in a fit of jealousy and dumped his body in the River Corrib. The mayor was both judge and executioner in the case that no one else would carry out the execution, according to legend.

Hall Red Earl ( holding a Iarla Rua ) can be seen through a protective glass wall outside Flood Street. It is the earliest medieval settlement fragments survive within the walls of staden.Den built by the Burgo family in the 13th century and was an important municipal building for the collection of taxes, the right exercise and hosting banquets. It was the medieval equivalent of the tax office, courthouse and city hall.

Museums

The Galway City Museum has two parts, “Fragments of a City” and “On second thought.” “Fragments of a City” collection is mainly about the heritage of Galway, while “on reflection” is a collection of the most important Irish artists second half of the 20th century. This museum has been designed to allow tourists and local visitors to really get to understand and know the city of Galway. This museum is also the statue of the famous poet, Padraic Ó Conaire which was originally located in Kennedy Park section of Eyre Square, Square before the renovation. Visitors can also see the silver Civic Sword and Great Mace of the city at the museum.

James Mitchell Museum of Geology in NUIG is a restored 19th century museum “in a museum.”

Computer & Communications Museum of Ireland is also housed in NUIG.

The Nora Barnacle House Museum in Bowling Green is the smallest museum in Ireland. Nora was a lover, companion and later, wife of the great 20th century Irish writer James Joyce.

Cemeteries

Fort Hill Cemetery, Athalia on Lough Road, is the oldest cemetery still in use in Galway City. Inside the main entrance is a memorial to sailors in the Spanish Armada that was buried here in the 1580s.

Rahoon Cemetery (officially known as Mount St. James Cemetery), Rahoon Road, on the western outskirts of the city offers stunning panoramic views of the city. Among the notable people buried here are (i) Michael Bodkin, an admirer of Nora Barnacle, wife of James Joyce, who was the inspiration for the character, “Michael Furey” in the story The Dead from Dubliners. (Ii) also buried in Rahoon Michael Feeney, the “friend” in Joyce’s poem “She weeps over Rahoon”. (Iii) The actress Siobhan McKenna.

Bohermore Cemetery (or the new cemetery, as it is more popularly known), Cross Cemetery, Bohermore, was opened in 1880. It contains two chapels, and is the burial place of several important Galwegians, including Padraic Ó Conaire Gaelic writer, William Joyce, known as Lord Haw -haw the Nazi propagandist, Augusta, Lady Gregory, one of the founders avAbbey Theatre in Dublin and Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin, a senior member of one of the tribes of Galway and former world President of the International Olympic Committee. A memorial to the 91 people who died August 14, 1959, when the Dutch aircraft KLM Flight 607-E crashed into the sea 180 km (112 mi) west of Galway can be seen inside the main gates. Several passengers bodies are buried around the memorial.

Other Funeral There are several smaller cemeteries within the city limits.Some are no longer in use or are used primarily by families with old burial rights. These are St. James Cemetery (Team) in Glenina Heights, Menlo Cemetery near Menlo Castle, Ballybrit Cemetery near the entrance to Galway Race Course, and a very old early Christian cemetery on Roscam near Merlin Park. Several city churches have cemeteries attached previously used for burial of priests and parishioners – Castlegar Church, Claddagh church, St. Patrick’s Church on Forster Street and St. Nicholas’ Collegiate Church.Several bishops are buried in the crypt under the cathedral RC, but this is usually not open to the public.

Culture

Galway is known as Ireland’s cultural heart ( CROI Cultúrtha na hÉireann )[11] and is known for its vibrant lifestyle and numerous festivals, celebrations and events. [12] Each November Galway hosted Tulca Festival of Visual Arts as well as numerous festivals.

1 December 2014 Director-General of UNESCO announced the official designation of Galway as a UNESCO City of Film.

In 2004 there were three dance organizations, ten festival companies, two film organizations, two Irish language organizations, 23 music organizations, twelve theater companies, two visual arts groups and four writers groups based in the city. [13]

Additionally, there were 51 places for events, most of which was specialized for a specific area (such as concert halls or galleries, visual arts), but ten were described as “multiple events” arenas. [13] The most important squares of the city’s Eyre Square ( containing the John F. Kennedy Park) in the center of town, and the Spanish Parade beside the Spanish Arch.

In 2007, Galway named one of the eight “sexiest cities” in the world. [14] A 2008 survey ranked Galway as the 42nd best tourist destinations in the world, and 14 in Europe and 2nd in Ireland (behind Dingle). It was ranked ahead of all European capital cities except Edinburgh, and many traditional tourist destinations (such as Venice). [15] The New Zealand Herald quoted Galway as one of “five great cities to visit in 2014”.

Irish

Galway City has a reputation among Irish cities to be associated with the Irish language, music, song and dance traditions. It is sometimes called the ‘Bilingual Capital of Ireland’, but as elsewhere in Ireland, people mostly converse in English. The city is known for its “Irishness”, mainly because it has on its doorstep Galway Gaeltacht. Irish theater, television and radio production and Irish music forms a part of Galway city life, with both a Taibhdhearc, National Irish Language Theatre in Galway itself, while TG4 and RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta headquarters are in the Connemara Gaeltacht elsewhere in County Galway. Four electoral divisions or districts (out of twenty-two), designated somGaeltachtaí. [13] NUI Galway also has archives of spoken material for the Celtic languages. [16]

Claddagh

On the west bank of the River Corrib as it enters the sea, the old town Claddagh. For centuries it was an Irish-speaking enclave outside the city walls. Claddagh inhabitants were mainly fishermen and people ruled by an elected “king. King of Claddagh settled or arbitrated disputes between locals and had the privilege of a white sail on his fishing boat. The last true king, Martin Oliver died in 1972. The title is still used, but in a purely honorary and ceremonial contexts. The current king is Michael Lynskey. The area is also known for its association with the Claddagh ring.

art

Literature

Among the poets currently writing in Galway Fred Johnston, Patrick Deeley, Rita Ann Higgins, Mary O’Malley, Moya Cannon, Eva Bourke, Ndrek Gjini and Kevin Higgins. Walter Macken, Eilis Dillon, Máirtín Ó Direáin, Máirtín Ó Cadhain, Liam O’Flaherty, Padraic Ó Conaire and Ken Bruen’s well-known writer in both English and Irish with a connection to Galway. The infamous author and publisher Frank Harris was born in Galway.

The James Hardiman Library at NUI Galway houses around 350 archived and / or digitized collections, including Thomas Kilroy collection, Brendan Duddy Paper on the Northern Ireland conflict, the John McGahern archives and manuscripts minutes from Galway City Council from 15 to mid 19’s.

literary magazines

Among the literary magazines published in Galway, Galway Review , which is Galway’s leading literary magazine, Crannog Magazine , which describes itself as “Ireland’s premier independent literary magazine since 2002” and theREP , an annual literary magazine published by the students of the MA in literature and publication of NUI Galway.

Galway i litteraturen

Gretta Conroy in James Joyce’s short story “The Dead”, remembers her lover Michael Furey throwing stones at the window of his grandmother’s house on Nun island in the city. The poem “She weeps over Rahoon” by James Joyce, tells of grief Joyce’s wife Nora Barnacle, the death of her one-time boyfriend Michael Bodkin. Both Bodkin and Nora was from Galway and Bodkin is buried in Rahoon cemetery in the western suburbs of the city. [17]

Walter Macken novel “Rain on the Wind” is located in the city that is “Jack Taylor” detective novel by Ken Bruen.

Early 16th century Galway in several of the Burren mysteries Cora Harrison.[18] Her character, Mara, Brehon of the Burren, and the wife of King Turlough Donn O’Brien of Thomond (Toirdelbhach Donn MacTadhg Ó Briain) deals with conflicts between the traditional Irish legal traditions and English law, especially laws in Conflict . [19]

theater

Galway has a permanent Irish theater is located in the city center, Taibhdhearc na Gaillimhe (1928), which has produced some of Ireland’s most famous actor. The Druid Theatre Company has won international recognition for his production and direction of the cutting edge.

There are many theaters in the city, including Nun Island Theatre, Bank of Ireland Theatre, The Druid Lane Theatre, The Black Box Theatre and The Town Hall Theatre, a modern art theater with two performance spaces opened in 1995 [20] which has a 52- week program that covers all aspects of the performing arts including ballets, musicals and operas. It has been the site of many Irish film premieres during the Galway Film Fleadh.

Two of the most famous Irish actors of the 20th century, Siobhán McKenna and Peter O’Toole, has strong family connections with Galway. Other well-known players include Mick Lally, Seán McGinley and Marie Mullen, of which all three were the founder of the Druid Theatre Company. Other players with strong Galway connections Pauline McLynn ( Shameless andFather Ted ), Nora Jane Noone and Aoife Mulholland.

Garry Hynes, the first artistic director of the Druid Theatre, has the distinction of being the first woman to win a Tony Award for direction.

music

Galway has a vibrant and varied music scene. As in most Irish cities, traditional music is popular and is kept alive in pubs and street performers.Notable bands from Galway include The Saw Doctors and the fantastic.Galway Early Music Festival presents European music from the 12 to the 18th century. It encourages not only music, but also dance and costumes.The festival includes both professional and amateur musicians. [21]

Galway Cathedral Recitals is an international series of classical music concerts that have taken place in Galway Cathedral every July and August since 1994. [22]

A number of acclaimed choirs are based in the city. They include Tribal Chamber Choir (founded in 2009), directed by Mark Keane, [23] Galway Baroque Singers (founded 1983), directed by Audrey Corbett; Cois Cladaigh Chamber Choir (founded in 1982), directed by Brendan O’Connor, who sang at the inauguration of President Michael D. Higgins in St Patrick’s Hall, Dublin Castle, November 11, 2011; Galway Gospel Choir (founded in 2001), directed by Michel Durham Brandt; and Galway Choral Association (founded in 1998), directed by Norman Duffy. In addition to his parish choir Collegiate Church of St. Nicholas is home to two other choral groups, the Choral Scholars (adult) and the Schola Cantorum (juvenile).

The Galway Arts Festival ( Féile na Ealaíon Gaillimhe ) takes place in July. It was first held in 1978 and has since grown into one of the largest arts festivals in Ireland. It attracts international artists as well as providing a platform for local and national artists. The festival features parades, street performances and plays, music concerts and comedy acts. Highlights of the festival tend to be performances by Macnas and the Druid Theatre Company, two local performance groups. The Galway Youth Orchestra was formed in 1982.

The famous folk and traditional singer Dolores Keane live in Galway.

Traditional Irish music

Galway is an important center for traditional Irish music. The traditional group De Dannan based in Galway. Musicians Mickey Finn, Frankie Gavin, Johnny (Ringo) McDonagh, Alec Finn, Máirtín O’Connor and Gerry Hanley was born or came to prominence in Galway. Carl Hession, a well-known Irish composer, arranger and traditional musicians also derived from Galway city.

Comhaltas branches operating in several parts of the city, teaching Irish traditional music to children. Dusty Banjos run classes and sessions in the city for adults who switch from other musical traditions of Irish folk music, and for adult beginners and improvers that are not at a level where they could participate in general sessions.

Live music scenes

Traditional and modern music can be heard in many places around the city.Among the more notable are The Crane Bar on Sea Road, Tigh Neachtain Quay Street and Róisín Dubhpå Lr Dominic Street.

Entertainment

Bio

Galway has three cinema complex within easy reach of the city center. 11 IMC screen cinema is located across the road from Galway Shopping Centre, Headford Road. The 9-screen cinema EYE, each with Dolby Digital Ex full surround sound and widescreen and Cinemascope, is at Wellpark Dublin Road. There is a six-screen complex IMC in Oranmore.

A new three-screen Arthouse cinema, Solas Picture Palace, currently under construction on Merchants Road, scheduled to open in 2014.

On 1 December 2014, Galway was granted designation as a UNESCO “City of Film”. [24]

Galway is home to the Galway Film Fleadh, Ireland’s premier film festival, which takes place over six days each July. Galway Film Fleadh is a platform for international films in Ireland and an advocate for Irish cinema, where the festival’s identity has become synonymous. [25] The Galway Film Fleadh is an industry festival, with many industry events taking place under the name of the movie Fair Galway, including conferences , screenings, master classes, networking, Ireland’s oldest Pitching Competition and Ireland’s only film market. [26]

In 2014, a movie maker includes magazines panel of American filmmakers, critics and industry executives Galway Film Fleadh on its list of the “25 Coolest Film Festivals in the world”. [27]

Events & Festivals

Salthill is one of Ireland’s most popular holiday destinations

Many sporting, music, art and other events taking place in the city. The largest of these annual events starting with the Galway Film Fleadh and the Galway Arts Festival in July, the Galway Races in August, and Galway International Oyster Festival in September. Other events include Fleadh Imboilg, the Baboró International Children’s Festival, Cúirt International Festival of Literature, Galway Early Music Festival, [28] Seachtain na Gaeilge (March), Salthill Air Show (June) Colours Fringe Festival, Little Havana Festival, the Galway Sessions, [29] Galway Garden Festival, [30] Galway Comedy Festival, Baffle Poetry Festival, Galway Aboo Halloween Festival, Tulca Festival of Visual Arts, Galway Science and Technology Festival Spirit of the Voice Festival, Galway Christmas market, [31] Galway African Film Festival and Galway Pride . [32]

In June 2010, the Super8 Shots Film Festival was launched in Galway, the first Super 8 mm (0.31 inch) film festival take place in Ireland. [33]

Among the festivals that take place within a 90-minute drive from the city are: Cruinniú na mBád (a Galway Hooker festival), held in Kinvara; Cuckoo Festival, also held in Kinvara; The Ballinasloe Horse Fair (October); The Tuam Arts Festival (August); the Clarinbridge Oyster Festival; Féile na nOileáin held in Leitir Moir, Conamara; Feile a Dóilín, held in a Ceathrú Rua;Clifden Community Arts Week and Conamara Pony Show, held in Clifden;and Mountbellew bottling show every July.

Every year in November, Galway hosted The Irish Fly Fair and Angling Show, this means Flyfishing event together Fly sieves, Fly wheels and Fishing Celebrities from many different countries, to demonstrate their craft. [34]

Media

Radio

There are only two radio stations based in the city – Galway Bay FM ( 95.8 FM) broadcasts from the city to the county, Flirt FM ( 101.3 FM ), the student radio station for NUIG.

Print

One of the most important regional newspapers for the county, Connacht Tribune who writes two titles each week, the Connacht Tribune on Thursday, and Galway Tribune on Friday. From January 2007, the Tribune one week readers over 150,000. Another Galway-based newspaper the Galway Advertiser , a free paper every Thursday with an average of 160 pages and a circulation of 70,000 copies. It is the main paper of the Advertiser Newspaper Group distributes 200,000 magazines per week and more to a number of other Irish cities. Another free paper the Galway Independent , writing on a Tuesday evening to Wednesday circulation.

Online

Being a city of culture, Galway has a dedicated hub for cultural events and organizations. Galway Hub is a free resource for both practitioners and the public to engage with the arts and cultural events around the city and the county. [35]

demography

Population and Electoral Division of the Galway [3]
Electoral Division Population
Galway City
Galway City West 26189
Galway City Central 23169
Galway City East 25698
TOTAL 75529
County Galway
Furbo 1311
Bearna 3630
Maigh Cuillin 2008
Galway Rural 126
Fourth en Brownstown 918
Baile Uí Clare 2042
In Carn Mor 2609
Home en Temple 1462
Oranmore 4325
Clarin 3271
Annaghdown 1860
TOTAL 23562

Preliminary data from the 2011 census shows Galway City has a population of 75,414, an increase of 3,000 over 2006 census figures. [36]

Based on the 2006 census, the population of Galway city and its environs was 72,729, of whom 72,414 lived in the city limits and 315 live in the city environs in County Galway. [37] If the current growth rate continues the population of the city will hit 100,000 by 2020. [38 ] Galway City is the fourth largest in the Republic of Ireland, and sixth on the island of Ireland.

Approximately 80% of the population of Galway is white Irish, derived from the native Gaelic people and Norman settlers. Additional 2.9% are Black Irish. [39] After an influx of immigrants to Galway in the 2000s, is a non-Irish about 20% of the population. [39] Slightly more than half of this group (11.3%) are white Europeans, who come from Poland and other central European and Baltic States, Latvia and Lithuania. Less number of Asian and African immigrants come from Eastern Africa, Nigeria, Zimbabwe and Sri Lanka. In the 2006 Census, 15.4% of the population aged 0-14, 76.1% were aged 15-64, and 8.5% were older than 65 years, 51.9% of the population were women, and 48, 1% were men. [40]

economy

Galway City is the capital of Connacht. The city has experienced very rapid growth in recent years. Galway has a strong local economy by supporting industries, including manufacturing, tourism, trade and distribution, education, health care and services, including financial, construction, cultural and professional.

Most (47%) of employees in Galway work in either commerce or industry, with a large number (17%) also used in manufacturing. Most industrial and manufacturing in Galway, as well as the rest of Ireland, is a hi-tech (eg ICT, medical equipment, electronics, chemicals, etc.), because of denkeltiska Tiger boom. Tourism is also of great importance for the city, which had 2.1 million visitors in 2000, and produced a turnover of over € 400 million. [41]

Transport

Air

Galway Airport, which is 6 km (3.73 mi) east of the city at Carnmore, ceased to have regular traffic November 1, 2011. [42] Since the track is too short to take modern passenger aircraft, its business is limited. [43] Aerfort na Minna(22 km (13.67 mi) west of the city) operates regular flights to each of the Aran Islands (Oileain Arann) . Shannon Airport (90 km) and Ireland West Airport Knock (86 km) are also within easy reach of the city, both of which have been flying around Ireland and the UK, Continental Europe and North America (Shannon).

Buss

Buses are the main form of public transport in the city and county. There are fifteen pathways [44] in the city operated by Bus Éireann and Galway City Direct.

Various bus companies also provide links throughout the county Galway and across the country. [45] These operate from a number of places:

  • The main bus and railway station in the city is Ceannt Station.
  • Galway Coach Station, located in Fairfield, [46] is also a coach transport hub. Scheduled direct and commuter trains operate between Coach Station, Dublin and Dublin Airport, as well as services to Limerick, Cork and Clifden.Dessa run by Gobus and CityLink. [47] [48]
  • Other regional bus company users various bus stops around the center, and many earn NUIG and GMIT campus too.

Rail

Galway train.

Galway Station are Ceannt Station ( Stáisiún Cheannt ), which opened in 1851, [49] and was named in honor Eamonn Ceannt 1966. A major adjustment, including a brand new district, Ceannt Station Quarter, [50] [51] have been proposed for the station and adjacent land.

The Midland Great Western Railway reached Galway in 1851, giving the city a direct main line to its Broad Terminal Station in Dublin. As the 19th century progressed, the railway network in Connacht was expanded, making Galway a major railhead. The nearby town of Athenry became a railway junction, providing links Galway to Ennis, Limerick and the south in 1869 and Sligo and the north in 1894. In 1895 MGW opened a branch line between Galway and Clifden.

20th century brought increasing road competition, and this led the Great Southern Railways to close Clifden branch in 1935. In the 1970s, the state railway authority Coras Iompair Éireann closed Sligo -Athenry-Ennis line to passenger traffic. It later closed for freight as well.

Iarnród Éireann, Ireland’s national rail operator, currently operates six return passenger service every day between Galway and Dublin Heuston, also serves intermediate stations. Travel time is below 3 hours. Services on the Galway-Limerick line has now resumed, with 5-6 trains each way per day.

From Galway rail transport along the western rail corridor linking the city with Ennis and Limerick where trains go to Cork via Limerick Junction (Tipperary, Clonmel and Waterford) ochMallow (for Kilarney and Tralee).

Road

Three national primary roads serve the city: the N17 which connects the North West (Tuam, Sligo, Donegal Town, Letterkenny and Derry), the M6 motorway running east / west (Athlone, Dublin), and the highway M18som linking Galway to southern cities (Shannon Town, Shannon and Cork). From 2015, work is underway to expand the M18 north to link to the M6. When complete, the M17 / M18 will reduce the travel time between Limerick and Galway, making the two cities to work closer together. In addition, there are plans for a half ring road of the city, Galway City Outer Bypass. [52] [53] There is also an inner ring road ( cuar Inmheánach ) road that encircles the city center, most of which is pedestrianized.

Galway is considered the gateway to Connemara and the Gaeltacht, including MAM, a Teach Dóite, Cor na Mona, Ros Muc, Bearna and Cheathrú Rua. The N59 along the western shore of Lough Corrib and R337 along the northern shore of Galway Bay, both leading to this largely rural and very scenic region.

waterways

The River Corrib is by far the most important waterways in Galway and a number of channels and canals were built above and through the city. . The purpose of these for diverting and directing water from the river, to use their power and to provide a navigable route to the sea [54] Of these were two large systems – one between 1848 and 1858 and the other in the 1950s. The channels as a power source for Galway and was the site of the first industries in the mid 19-talet.Eglinton Canal gave a navigation from the sea (at the Claddagh Basin) to the navigable part of the river (the Salmon Weir Bridge).Most of the plants are still used today for various purposes; For example, NUI Galway is still using a water turbine to generate electricity for their building on Nun Island.

Currently there are four bridges over the Corrib. After the southward flow of the river they are, from the north: the Quincentennial Bridge, the Salmon Weir Bridge, William O’Brien Bridge and Wolfe Tone Bridge. There are plans for a fifth bridge as part of the Galway Outer Bypass project. Clare flows from the northern part of County Galway, Tuam through, Clare Lough Corrib.

Harbour

Ballyknow Quay, Claddagh

Galway is the most important port on the west coast of Ireland in the sheltered eastern corner of Galway Bay. [ Citation needed ] The port can be used for vessels of up to 10,000 deadweight tons (DWT) and the inner dock can accommodate up to 9 vessels at any time. Pending approval, Galway Harbour see major changes, the € 1.5 billion development plan move forward.

Regular passenger ferry and freight operates between Galway and tourist destinations in the Aran Islands which is home to the World Heritage Dun Aonghasa. The islands also have regular contacts with the cities and Rossaveal Doolin, which is physically closer, but much less.

Commuter ferry services have been proposed to the tourist town of Kinvara, on the opposite side of Galway Bay. [55]

Major work in the port area was conducted in 2009 to accommodate stopover in the Volvo Ocean Race. This was one of the biggest events ever to visit Galway. The event returned to the finals of the competition in June 2012. This was unprecedented in the Volvo Ocean Race history.

Training

National University of Ireland, Galway

In 2002, there were 27 primary schools and 11 secondary schools in Galway.[56]

National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG)

The University was founded in 1845 as Queen’s College, Galway, and more recently known as University College, Galway (UCG). It is divided into several colleges including the College of Arts, Social Sciences and Celtic Studies, College medicine, nursing and health sciences, College of Business, Public Policy and Law College of Science and College of Engineering and Informatics. The university has an enrollment of 16,000 (2010).

The Biomedical Research Building opened in 2014. [ citation needed ] It houses the Regenerative Medicine Institute (Remedi). Also opened in 2014, Hardiman building and a new School of Psychology. The Hardiman Building is home to the university’s collection of more than 350 literary, theatrical, political and historical archives. [ Citation needed ] The building also Moore Institute for Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences, and Whitaker Institute of Innovation and social change. The National Institute of Preventive Cardiology is a subsidiary of NUIG. [ Citation needed ]

The offices in Central Applications Office (CAO) is also located in the city, which is the clearing house for undergraduate college and university programs in Ireland; a related organization, Postgraduate Applications Centre, processes showed some postgraduate courses. [ citation needed ]

Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology (GMIT)

Institute of Technology, in addition to having two campuses in Galway City, also has campuses in Castlebar, Letter and Mountbellew. [ Citation needed ]

Health

Publicly funded health care and social services provided in Galway HSE (West) division of the Health Services Executive. The main city hospital, University Hospital Galway, located on two campuses -. University Hospital Galway and Merlin Park University Hospital [ citation needed ]

Two private hospitals, Galway Clinic and Bon Secours Hospital, Galway, also works in the city. Galway Hospice provides palliative care for the population of Galway City and County on a housekeeping, inpatient and day care grund.43 General methods work in the city. [ Citation needed ]

Sport

Main article: Sports in Galway

Galway has a varied sporting heritage, with a history of sports ranging from horse racing, Gaelic games, soccer and rugby to rowing, basketball, motor racing, greyhound racing and others. The Galway Races are known throughout the world and is the highlight of the Irish racing calendar. Over the years it has grown into an annual festival which lasts seven days.

Gaelic game

Main article: Galway GAA

Both hurling and football are strong in Galway city. Pearse Stadium in Salthill is home to Galway GAA, county Gaelic games body. Galway Hurlers compete annually in the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship for the Liam MacCarthy Cup. Despite having won the Cup only four times in its history, Galway is regarded as one of the best teams in the championship.Galway reached the 2012 All-Ireland finals only to draw with Kilkenny to force a replay, the first since 1959, which they eventually lost. The football players will compete annually in the All-Ireland Senior Football Sam Maguire Cup, but are less successful than those hurlers in recent years, football players won the cup nine times with the last one being in 2001.

Association football

Galway United FC is based in the city and play in the League of Ireland Premier Division. The team plays its home games at Eamonn Deacy Park.The club was formed in 2013 and first competed in the 2014 season.

The previous tenants of Eamonn Deacy Park, also known as Galway United, only competed in the League of Ireland in 1977, then known as Galway Rovers . Michael D. Higgins, later elected President of Ireland in 2011, served as president of the club in a ceremonial capacity. The following are struggling with debt, the club was removed at the end of season 2011. Galway United Supporters Trust (GUST) had been many debts of the company and has been able to keep the club liquid for the 2011 season, but it has been effectively abandoned by their directors. GUST withdrew their support for the team and applied for membership in the 2012 League of Ireland as a community enterprise, rather than as a private company, the old club had been. This application was not successful, however.

Galway FC was formed the following year from a merger of GUST with Mervue United and Salt Devon, two other clubs in the city, which had competed in the first division since 2009 and 2010 respectively.

Rugby

Professional

The professional for the province, Connacht Rugby, has its headquarters in the city. The team plays its home games at Galway Sportsgrounds which is the current provincial rugby stadium.

The team participates in the Pro12 League, and in the 2015-2016 season won their inaugural championship by defeating reigning champions Glasgow Warriors in the semifinals and then beat the four times champions Leinster Rugby Grand Final May 28 2016 played at Murrayfield Stadium. [57]

The team will take part in the European Rugby Champions Cup 2016/2017.[58]

Club (Amateur)

There are two leading amateur rugby union team in Galway, Galwegians RFC and Galway Corinthians RFC, who play in the All-Ireland League. There are also two junior clubs, OLBC RFC & NUIG RFC which both participate in Connaught Junior League.

“Barna Knocknacarra Rugby Club” (or Na Bairneachaí), founded in 2007, offers “mini rugby” for children at levels U8 to U12. [59]

Golf

Several golf courses earn Galway. Bearna Golf Club, Galway Golf Club, Cregmore Golf Club and Galway Bay Golf Resort are all within 8 km (5 mi) in the center.

Swimming

Nearby Salthill has a 25m competitive pool in Leisure complex and three competitive swimming clubs (in) Shark Swimming Club, (ii) Laser Swimming Club, and (iii) Galway Swimming Club trains there. There is also a handbolloch racketball club while there are several martial arts clubs in the city. There is a 25m pool at NUI, Galway and one in Renmore’s Kingfisher Club.

Sailing / Rowing

Sailing on both the sea and the lake are popular, such as rowing on the River Corrib with seven clubs provide the necessary facilities and organize rowing competitions. These clubs are: Gráinne Mhaol Rowing Club, Tribesmen Rowing Club, Galway Rowing Club, Coláiste Iognáid (Isa) Rowing Club, St.Joseph’s Patrician College ( ‘The Bish) Rowing Club, NUIG Boat Club and Cumann na Rámhaiochta Choláiste Coiribe.

In 2009, Galway host a stopover in the Volvo Ocean Race and the city was the end of the round the world competition in July 2012.

Greyhound racing

Near the center, on College Road, Sports has greyhound racing every Thursday, Friday and Saturday evening. It was renovated by the Irish Greyhound Board, Bord na gCon, and the plant shared with Connacht rugby team.

See also

  • List of twinning in Ireland

References

  1. Jump up ^ “William R. Wilde Loch Coirib – its beaches and islands”.Galway.net .Hämtad twelve August of 2010.
  2. Jump up ^ “Mayor of Galway City.” Galway City Council. Taken six juli2014.
  3. ^ Jump up to: ab “2013 Report” (PDF). Boundarycommittee .com. 2013.External link to (help) | publisher =
  4. ^ Jump up to: ab David B. Quinn, “Columbus and the North: England, Iceland and Ireland,” William and Mary Quarterly ., Third Series, Vol 49, No. 2 (April 1992), pp 278-97
  5. Jump up ^ Kavanagh, Mary. Galway-Gaillimh: a bibliography of the city and county .Galway County Council, 2000.
  6. ^ Jump up to: ab They were merchant families Athy, Blake, Bodkin, Browne, Darcy, Deane, Font, ffrench, Joyce, Kirwin, Lynch, Martyn, Morris, and take place Rett.
  7. Jump up ^ “The Online Historical Population Reports Project www.histpop.org” .cso.ie. Retrieved twelve August of 2010.
  8. Jump up ^ Lorna Siggins (20 September 2014). “Persecuted Muslims build the first mosque in Galway”. Irish Times. Taken 20 August september2014.
  9. Jump up ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Irland.pp. 186-91.
  10. Jump up ^ “Hotel Meyrick – If”. Greatsouthernhotelgalway.com.Hämtadtolv August of 2010.
  11. Jump up ^ “Education Ireland”. Educationireland.ie. Hämtadtolv August of 2010.
  12. Jump up ^ “festivals and events.” Thisisgalway.ie.
  13. ^ Jump up to: abc “Atlas 2004 – Episode 1” (PDF). Taken twelve August augusti2010.
  14. Jump up ^ MSN Travel UK – 2007’s sexiest cities
  15. Jump up ^ “2008 Travelers’ Choice Destination Awards” (PDF).Hämtadtolv August of 2010.
  16. Jump up ^ “World Architecture’s picture Ireland-Galway”. European-architecture.info. 19 June 2006. Retrieved twelve August of 2010.
  17. Jump up ^ Cahill, Susan (2011). For the love of Ireland. New York: Ballantine Books. ISSN 9,780,307,778,352th Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  18. Jump up ^ “Cora Harrison, The Burren mysteries”. Pulled 02/12/2014.
  19. Jump up ^ “Historical Novel Society, Law in Conflict”. Pulled 02/12/2014.
  20. Jump up ^ “If the town hall / its history and more.” Tht.ie. Hämtadtolv August of 2010.
  21. Jump up ^ “Galway Early Music website.” Galwayearlymusic.com. 16 March 2000. Retrieved 12 August of 2010.
  22. Jump up ^ “Galway Cathedral Recitals website”.Recitals.galwaycathedral.ie .Hämtad twelve August of 2010.
  23. Jump up ^ Tribal Chamber Choir
  24. Jump up ^ Busan, Galway, Sofia Get the UNESCO “City of Film” Designation 1 December 2014.
  25. Jump up ^ “glory and gloom in Galway Film Fleadh.” The Irish Times.July 15, 2014.
  26. Jump up ^ “Galway Film Fleadh – Ireland’s leading film festival.”Galway Film Fleadh.
  27. Jump up ^ “The 25 coolest film festivals in the world 2014”. MovieMaker Magazine.
  28. Hoppa upp^ “Galway Early Music” . Galway Early Music .
  29. Jump up ^ “Galway Sessions 2015”. Galwaysessions.com.
  30. Jump up ^ “Home.” Galway Garden Festival.
  31. Jump up ^ “Home.” Galwaychristmasmarket.ie.
  32. Upp ^ Hoppa candy lovers OL is the contents of the drawer ? Candy Hen ” .Galwaycommunitypride.com.
  33. Jump up ^ The first Super 8 slideshows , Irish Times, 19 June 2010
  34. Jump up ^ “website The Irish Fly Fair”. Irishflyfair.com.
  35. Jump up ^ “Galway Hub”.
  36. Jump up ^ “Census of Population 2011 Preliminary results for County Galway” (PDF). Galway County Council Social Inclusion Unit. Taken December 282,012th
  37. Jump up ^ “2006 results (CSO)” (PDF). Retrieved twelve August of 2010.
  38. Jump up ^ “RTÉ -” the Census shows the operation of the big five ”.RTÉ.ie. 26 April 2007. Retrieved 12 August of 2010.
  39. ^ Jump up to: ab Siggins, Lorna (24 September 2009). “Almost 20% of Galway citizens are non-Irish.” The Irish Times. p. 2. Eight Retrieved October of 2009.
  40. Jump up ^ “2006 results (CSO) – Male / Female population” .Beyond2020.cso.ie. 16 July, 2007. Retrieved twelve August of 2010.
  41. Jump up ^ “Galway City Development Board – Galway at the beginning of the 21st century” (PDF) .Hämtad twelve August of 2010.
  42. Jump up ^ “Galway Airport press release.” Retrieved February 9, 2012.
  43. Jump up ^ February 21, 2007 investments in regional airports than support balanced regional development (Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs) “But before any significant change can occur at Galway Airport, the issue of runway length to be addressed Galway Airport. has the second shortest runway length of all regional airports in Ireland which are used for scheduled flights. the total length of the track is 1350 meters, which means that the number of aircraft types that can be used is limited. “- Ministerial Statement.
  44. Jump up ^ “Galway bus summary”. GalwayTransport.info. Hämtad21 September 2012.
  45. Jump up ^ “National and regional buses to / from Galway” .GalwayTransport.info. Retrieved twelve August of 2010.
  46. Jump up ^ “Park in Galway – Galway Coach Station parking lot.” Q-park.ie .Hämtas 03.26.2013.
  47. Jump up ^ “Gobus travel non-stop between Galway, Dublin and Dublin Airport Over 28 daily flights from only € 10.” Gobus.ie. Pulled 03/26/2013.
  48. Jump up ^ “City Link – Home.” Citylink.ie. 02.11.2012. Pulled 03/26/2013.
  49. Jump up ^ “Galway station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways.Hämtastre September of 2007.
  50. Jump up ^ “CIE -” Galway Station Redevelopment ”. Cie.ie. Hämtadtolv August of 2010.
  51. Jump up ^ “CIE -” Ceannt Station Quarter ”. IarnródÉireann.ie.Hämtadtolv August of 2010.
  52. Jump up ^ “Galway City Outer Bypass – Map” (PDF). Hämtadtolv August of 2010.
  53. Jump up ^ “Galway City Council – Galway City Outer Bypass”.Galwaycity.ie .Hämtad twelve August of 2010.
  54. Jump up ^ “Waterways of Galway – Galway Guide”. Galway.net.Hämtadtolv August of 2010.
  55. Jump up ^ Green Party – Transport Archives 13 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  56. Jump up ^ “Microsoft Word – Atlas 2004 Section1.doc” (PDF).Hämtadtolv August of 2010.
  57. Jump up ^ “final Pro12: Connacht 20-10 Leinster”. BBC Sport. May 28, 2016. Retrieved fifteen August, 2016.
  58. Jump up ^ “Champions Cup Pools revealed”. European professional Club Rugby (EPCR). June 29, 2016. Retrieved 15 August, 2016.
  59. Jump up ^ “History Club”. Barna Knocknacarra Rugby Club. Hämtad15 August, 2016.