Enniscorthy (Irish: Enniscorthy ) is the second largest town in County Wexford, Ireland. At the 2011 census, the population of the city and surroundings 10,838. [1] The placenta Database of Ireland [2] shedding no light on the origin of the city name. It can refer either to “island Corthaidh” or “island Rocks”. With a history dating back to 465Enniscorthy is one of the longest continuously-occupied sites in Ireland. [ Citation needed ] Cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Ferns is located in the city.


Enniscorthy has a railway station on the Dublin Rosslare line. The line ends at Rosslare Europort. The station was opened on November 16, 1863. [3]There is a bus stop at Temple Shannon with connections to Waterford, Dublin and other cities.

In October 2015, started working in Enniscorthy Bypass. The new pass will consist of a 27km highway connecting the N11 with the M11 motorway. This highway will be located east of Enniscorthy; allowing motorists to stay away from the center. The project will also include a single carriageway linking the N30 with the M11. [4]


Enniscorthy Castle

Enniscorthy Castle is an impressive Norman stronghold, which dates from 1205 and was a private residence until 1951. The castle was built by DePrendergasts. In the early 1580s, the poet Edmund Spenser leased property that included the castle. [5]

The castle was once owned by Sir Henry Wallop. The castle was the site of many fierce battles during the Cromwellian years and also during the 1798 Rising. The castle houses the Wexford County Museum, which contains extensive 1798 uprising-related materials, as well as items of local and agricultural interest. It was closed for major renovation from 2007 until May 2011.

Vinegar Hill

Vinegar Hill – view from Enniscorthy.

Vinegar Hill ( Cnoc Fhiodh na gCaor in Irish which translates as “hill of carry-tree”), a pudding-shaped hill overlooking the city, was the largest camp and headquarters rebels of 1798 who controlled Wexford thirty days against the vastly superior forces, before their defeat on 21 June. But many managed to flee south through a gap in the British lines from General Needham (now called Needham Gap). During this time, Beauchamp Bagnell Harvey explained the president of the Wexford Republic.

1798 Visitor Centre (Áras 1798)

1798 Visitor Centre devoted to the history and the aftermath of the 1798 Rising, put it in its European context. It is housed in the old Assembly of Christian Brothers monastery. [6] The Visitor Centre offers people a chance to see what famous figures were involved in the 1798 Rising.

Saint Aidan’s Cathedral

Main article: St. Aidan’s Cathedral

After relaxation of the penal laws in the early 19th century, it became possible for the Roman Catholic community to consider building a cathedral to replace it in the Ferns had set aside for use by the Church of Ireland during the English Reformation. Built in 1843, St. Aidan’s Cathedral [7] was designed by Augustus Pugin, famous for having designed London’s Houses of Parliament. The cathedral is in the Gothic Revival style. Notable features include the striking facade, a reredos carved from Caen stone and a large northern windows with intricate stone traceryen.Domkyrkan then much renovated (in line with the reforms issued by the Second Vatican Council). It was restored to near its original design in 1994 when the authentic colors, materials and techniques were used. The restoration took a year, during which time the cathedral service was held at St Mary’s Church (Church of Ireland) nearby.

1916 Rising

In 1916, Enniscorthy patriots again took their place in history, when James Connolly requested Enniscorthy volunteers take and keep the railroad to prevent reinforcements from reaching Dublin. 600 volunteers took the town, led by Robert Brennan, Seamus Doyle and JR Etchingham, surrounded the police station, but did not try to take it. RIC barracks held by a police inspector and five constables while a RIC sergeant and a constable prevented the rebels from taking over a bank in the city. They established their headquarters at the Athenaeum and held control until asked attkapitulera of Padraig Pearse.

The volunteers have also established a strong position in Vinegar Hill, overlooking the city. The railroad was cut and sent men to Gorey and Ferns.The government responded by sending a force of more than 1,000 men to recapture Enniscorthy and the rebels withdrew to their positions at Vinegar Hill. Before the fighting could be developed, the news of the Dublin capitulation arrived, but the volunteers refused to believe it. To avoid bloodshed, the army commander Colonel FA French offered safe passage Wexford leaders, so they could go to Dublin and to hear about the transmission directly from Pearse. There were no deaths.

Enniscorthy today


Enniscorthy located on the river Slaney, and have short walks next to the north and south, in the West Bank. It is the cathedral town of the diocese of Ferns and has two Catholic churches scattered across two parishes – St.Aidan and St. Senan’s, in the shadow of Vinegar Hill. The city also hosts a Church of Ireland, a common Methodist / Presbyterian Church, a non-denominational Christian Church Alive, a Society of Friends meeting hall and a Masonic Lodge. There is a pool / recreation center several sports fields including a rugby club and a GAA club and several hotels including the four star Riverside Park Hotel. Around the city there is a golf course with 18 holes, several pitch and putt, lake fishing, and a five-star spa Monart is just next to “The Still Pond”. The city also has several historic sites and museums. Young people complain about the general lack of facilities for them to use. Plans for a skatepark presented but these were rejected by the City Council considered there was no funding available. festivals:

  • Strawberry Fair. This is an annual event that takes place in the last week of June. It consists of the pleasures of Bellfield, live bands and the crowning of the Strawberry Queen on the square.
  • Blackstairs Blues Festival. This is an annual event, now in its eighteenth year. Festival includes international and local artists, in an amount of late concerts and open verkstäder.Festivalen contains a free pub track and late night club festival.
  • Enniscorthy Street Rhythms and Dance Festival. This is an annual event that takes place in the two weekend of August. The festival includes dance exhibitions, a parade, fireworks, a concert and dance workshops for children, adults and dancers.


Enniscorthy has four second-level schools: Cola ice tea Bride, Mary CBS, Enniscorthy Vocational School and Meanscoil Gharman.


  • Wallis Bird, Irish musicians and singers.
  • Walter Bogan, born in the city, fought in the Civil War for the Union Army. He served in many major battles and fired the last cannon at Gettysburg.
  • Martin Cash, a transported prisoner who became a bush ranger in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania, Australia) was born in Enniscorthy 1808th
  • Anthony Cronin, poet and survival of Flann O’Brien and Samuel Beckett was born in Enniscorthy.
  • Maria Doyle Kennedy, Irish singer and actress who lived in the city as a child.
  • William Henry Grattan Flood (1859-1928), a prolific writer, historian and musicologist, residing in Enniscorthy from 1895 until his death in 1928.
  • Eileen Gray was born in Browns and later became known as a furniture designer and architect.
  • Daryl Jacob, jockeys and riders of the winning horse in the 2012 Aintree Grand National is from Enniscorthy.
  • Bill Lacey, dual international footballer, who played for both Liverpool FC and Everton FC in the early 20th century.
  • Guglielmo Marconi’s mother was Annie Jameson, grand-daughter of the founder of the Jameson Distillery. The location of the distillery, is now known locally as “The Still” about two miles outside Enniscorthy.
  • Adam Nolan, a welterweight boxer who represented Ireland at the Olympics in 2012.
  • Racehorse trainer Paul Nolan is based on Toberona stables in David Town.
  • Colm Tóibín, born in the city, has written several novels in the area.
  • Gerard Whelan, author, born and living in Enniscorthy.
  • Padraig O Laoghaire, researchers, ultramarathoner, leader in November Project San Francisco


Enniscorthy mentioned in Ithaca chapter of James Joyce’s Ulysses (p. 812) as a flyleaf note in a book of Leopold Bloom, where it is described as “Ennifcorthy, Wicklow, the finest place in the world” (sic). Several poems by Thomas Kinsella was based in Enniscorthy. Colm Tóibín’s 2014 novel Nora Webster is in Enniscorthy and surrounding sites in County Wexford.


Enniscorthy is home to Eilis Lacey, the central character in the film Brooklyn. In the film, set in the early 1950s, Eilis traveling alone from Enniscorthy to Brooklyn because of the lack of opportunities for her hemma.Enniscorthy credited as one of the filming locations for the movie. [8]


Davies Distillery

As early as 1824 Francis Davies, a Miller operated a Spirit business from its mill in Enniscorthy. [9] Davies employed since John Mullaly distillers. Mullaly had previously worked as a distiller with John McKenzie & Co. in Mill Street, Belfast. When temperance reformer Theobald Mathew campaign against alcohol, many distilleries in Ireland closed. [10] After Davies distillery closed, Mullaly and his family cast their lots together and emigrated to Australia in Salsette 1840. [11]

George Killian Red

Enniscorthy was the site of a regional microbrewery opened in 1864 and is owned by descendants of George Killian Lett. During operation Killian’s ale was sold almost entirely in Wexford County. Latvian brewery still operates today, but no longer brews its own products. They are now focusing on wholesale to shops, bars and hotels. [12] Killian red still sold abroad, and the brand is currently held by Bras Pelforth, SA


Carley Bridge Pottery is one of Ireland’s oldest pottery, have made earthen pots for over three hundred years. Paddy Murphy was also a Enniscorthy potters and in 1980 founded the Hill View pottery next to his home and close to Carley Bridge ceramics. The dead end “Potters’ Way” is named after him – that he would go that route to his home. Since his passing, has Hillview pottery taken over by his relationship with Derek O’Rourke.

Enterprise Centre

Enniscorthy Enterprise & Technology Centre business support and training for small and medium-sized enterprises. The center specializes in the support of startup businesses and skills of people in employment in Co.Wexford. The difference between an Enterprise Centre and other business units are the services. The rent is not just a place, but it is part of the structure that promotes and supports a business. The environment and facilities are designed to help businesses and also promote a professional image to customers.

International relations

Main article: List of twin town in Ireland

Enniscorthy is twinned with:

  • Gimont, France. [13] [14]

Enniscorthy was the host city of Canada, for the 2003 Special Olympics.

See also

  • Battle of Vinegar Hill 1798
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland.
  • Market Houses in Ireland


  1. ^ Jump up to: ab “Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area” (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 reports . Central Statistics Office of Ireland. April 2007. Retrieved May fourteen 2011.
  2. Jump up ^ placental Database of Ireland
  3. Jump up ^ “Enniscorthy station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways .Retrieved seven September of 2007.
  4. Jump up ^ “Enniscorthy Bypass”. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  5. Jump up ^ Oxford DNB
  6. Jump up ^ Visitor Centre
  7. Jump up ^ St. Aidan’s Cathedral
  8. Jump up ^ “Brooklyn filming locations”.
  9. Jump up ^ [1] Piggots Directory 1824
  10. Jump up ^ Father Mathew a biography – John Francis MacGuire (Longman Green, Longman, Roberts and Green Lon 1863
  11. Jump up ^ [2] Passenger List Salsette
  12. Jump up ^ Gofree.indigo.ie, Latvia website
  13. Jump up ^ “Enniscorthy Twinning” (PDF). Wexford County Council report (page 108) . Retrieved 23 June 2008.
  14. Jump up ^ fr: Gimont