Drogheda (/ dr ɒ h d s g /; / dr ɔː Article /; Irish: Droichead Atha , som betyder “bro av Ford”) Industriell och är en av Irish hamnstad kusten the County Louth på den Östra, 56 km (35 mi) Norr om Dublin. Det är på den sista brygg punkten floden Gar den i Irlandska sjön Innan Boyne. Postnummer hands Stadens eircode, R A92.
As the River Boyne parts pins in Armagh and Meath, was Drogheda was founded as two separate towns, Drogheda-in-Meath (for which a charter was granted in 1194) and Drogheda-in-Oriel (or “Uriel”) that County Louth was then known. In 1412, these two cities united and Drogheda became a “County Corporate”, designed as “County of the city Drogheda.Drogheda continued as a County Borough until the establishment Landstings, through the adoption of municipal (Ireland) Act 1898, which saw all Drogheda, including a large area south of the Boyne, become part of an expanded County Louth. With the passage of County Louth and Borough of Drogheda (Boundaries) Provisional Order, 1976, grew County Louth again larger at the expense of County Meath. The limit further changed in 1994 by the Local Government (Boundaries) (Town Elections) Regulations 1994. 2007-2013 Meath County Development Plan recognizes the Meath environs of Drogheda as a primary growth center on par with Navan.
In recent years, Drogheda economy has diversified from its traditional industries, with an increasing number of employees in the retail, services and technology sectors. The city also has a community of independent artists and musicians who have been looking into the local economy rather than Dublin for employment.
The large town of Drogheda has a hinterland of 70,000+ within a 15 km / 10 mile radius include County Louth and Meath.
According to the 2011 Irish census, there are 30,393 in Drogheda Town
|St Marys (of)||10769|
Commemoration of the Official Charter
Town early town lies in an area with an abundance of archaeological monuments from the Neolithic period onwards, of which the major Passage Tombs of Newgrange, Knowth and Dowth are probably the best known. The remarkable density of archaeological sites of prehistoric and early Christian periods uncovered in recent years in connection with the development, especially during the construction of the northern Motorway: Gormanston to Monasterboice, or “Drogheda Bypass”, have shown that the interior of Drogheda has been a solid landscape for thousands of years. 
St Mary Magdalene Friary.
Despite local tradition that connects Millmount to Amergin Glúingel in his 1978 study of the history and archeology of the city, said John Bradley that “no documentary or archaeological evidence suggests that there was no settlement in the city before the arrival of the Normans.”  results of the many and often large excavations conducted in the area of the medieval town during the last decade seems to have confirmed this statement. 
The earliest monuments of the city is motte-and-bailey castle, now known as Millmount Fort, which overlooks the town from a bluff on the south bank of the Boyne, and probably built by the Norman Lord of Meath, Hugh de Lacy sometime before 1186. The earliest known town charter is granted Drogheda-in-Meath by Walter de Lacy in 1194.  in the 1600s the city name was also spelled “Tredagh” in accordance with the common pronunciation, as documented by Gerard Boate in his work Ireland’s “Natural History .
Drogheda was an important walled city English Pale during the Middle Ages.It often hosts meetings Irish Parliament at the time. In a spill-over from the War of the Roses, according RJMitchell in John Tiptoft, Earl of Worcester , the earl of Desmond was and his two youngest sons (still children) are carried out there on Valentine’s Day, 1468, on the orders of the Earl of Worcester, the Lord Deputy of Ireland. It later came to light (see Robert Fabyan, “the new Chronicles of England and France”), that the queen herself was involved in the decisions ges.Parlamentet moved to the city in 1494 and passed Poynings’ team, the most important legislation in Irish history, a years later. This effectively subordinated to the Irish Parliament’s legislative powers of the king and his English Council.
St. Laurence Gate
The city was besieged twice during the Irish League of war.
On the second occasion an attack mas made on the town from the south, the high walls breached and the city was taken by Oliver Cromwell, September 11, 1649  as part of the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland and it was the site of a massacre of the Royalist defenders. In his words, after the siege of Drogheda, “When they left their officers knocked on the head, and every tenth man of the soldiers were killed, and the rest is delivered to Barbados.”
See also: Siege of Drogheda (1641) and the Siege of Drogheda
The Earldom of Drogheda was created in the Peerage of Ireland 1661st
The Battle of the Boyne, 1690, occurred about 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) west of the city, on the banks of the River Boyne in Oldbridge.
In 1790 Drogheda Harbour Commissioners established later Drogheda Port Company
In 1825, the Drogheda Steam Packet Company was established in the city, which provides transportation services to Liverpool.
In 1837 the population was in the Drogheda area 17 365 of whom 15,138 lived in the city. 
A Norman elements in Drogheda crest is its center, St. Laurence Gate. The three lions flanking Norman Barbican and the star and crescent, like those on weapons Portsmouth, taken from Richard the Lionheart’s arms that gave both cities their statutes. On the other side of the Barbican is a vessel that indicates Drogheda status as a major port. The city’s motto Deus Bureau, Mercator Tura decus can be translated as “God our strength, merchandise our honor”. 
A local story says that the star and growing was included in the city’s arms after the Ottoman Empire (the predecessor of the Republic of Turkey) sent economic aid and ships carrying food to Drogheda during the Great Famine. There are no records that the Drogheda Port or the Irish National Library , due to a fire occurring in the 20’s. Star and growing believed the time before starvation.  But newspaper articles from the period are three foreign ships up the River Boyne in May 1847.  In addition, a letter found in the Ottoman archives, written by Irish personalities, express thanks Sultan Abdülmecid I for his help.
A film shot on the topic as well. 
St Oliver Plunkett head
1921 kept the severed head of Saint Oliver Plunkett, who was executed in London in 1681, was shown in St. St. Peter’s Church, where it remains today.The church is located on West Street, which is the main street of the city.
ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT
THEATRE AND PERFORMING ARTS
The city hosts an annual Summer Samba Festival, where Samba bands from around the world converge on the town for three days of parades and drums.
It is also home to Calipo theater company specializing in multi-media productions and has achieved great success in Ireland and abroad. [ Citation needed]
The city also Droichead Youth Theatre.
Tillsatsen av Little Duke Theatre Company (Drogheda School of Performing Arts  ) i Duke Street, i den gamla julianska Blinds byggnaden.
The Calipo Theatre was founded in 1994 in Drogheda by Darren and Colin Thornton, former members of the Droichead Youth Theatre.
Upstate Theatre Project is a performing arts organization located in Drogheda. The organization was founded in 1997 by Declan Mallon, also one of the founders of the Droichead Youth Theatre.
The Municipal Centre in Stockwell Street acts as a base for most of the city’s artists, under the Droichead Arts Centre, and with a gallery space and a theater. The former Garda Station in West Street is now a satellite location of the Droichead Arts Centre. This website is called Barlow House.
Drogheda also has a long tradition of its own pantomime [ citation needed ] , which is usually held in January / February each year. These productions have been going about 60 years. Many locations have been used for the production including Barbican Theatre on the site of the old parochial Centre.
Drogheda has also been the scene of some of the most important contemporary music events in Ireland. Louth Contemporary Music Society invited the American composer Terry Riley performing in Drogheda 2007. Arvo Pärtförsta Irish missions and visits to the country was in Drogheda in February 2008. Michael Nyman performed in Drogheda in May 2008. John Tavener’s Temenos festival was held in October 2008, and the Russian composer Alexander Knaifel was the focus of a portrait concert as part of the Drogheda Arts Festival May 1, 2009. 
The composer and Aosdána member, Michael Holohan, has lived in Drogheda since 1983. His compositions have been performed and broadcast both at home and abroad. Career Highlights Drogheda include “Cromwell” in 1994 (RTÉCO), “The Mass of Fire” 1995 (RTÉ broadcast live) and “No Sanctuary” in 1997 (in the Augustinian Church of Nobel laureate poet Seamus Heaney). Research blue and white , a CD of his piano music launched in the National concert Hall in 2009 and a concert pianist, Therese Fahy was an artist. A keen supporter of the arts, he is also a former chairman of the Droichead Arts Centre.
Drogheda has a number of brass bands and is home to Drogheda Brass Band, National Brass Band Champions of Ireland 2007-12, and Lourdes Brass Band.
October 2006 was inaugurated the city’s first dedicated Municipal Art Gallery and visual arts center, the High Gallery, housed in the former Franciscan Friary of St Laurence Street. The High Gallery holds Drogheda important municipal art collection, which dates from the 17th century, as well as visiting exhibitions in a stadium which meets major international museum and gallery standards. [ Citation needed ] Drogheda most famous artist was abstract expressionism painting Nano Reid (1900-1981).
Drogheda and its hinterland have always had a very strong literary tradition.Oisín McGann is an award-winning author of children’s literature. Angela Greene (death) was the first poet to win Drogheda Patrick Kavanagh Poetry Award1988 for its collection Silence and the Blue Night . Poet Susan Connolly has been widely published and broadcast. She got Patrick and Katherine Kavanagh fellowship in poetry in 2001 for his life’s work. The poet, writer and occasional programs Marie MacSweeney has received Francis MacManus Short Story Award for his short story “dunk in the dark”.
- Drogheda acted as stand-in location for many scenes in the 1984 movieCal . A drama set during the Troubles in Northern Ireland, played the John Lynch and Helen Mirren. For his role in the film Mirren was voted best actress at both the 1984 Cannes Film Festival and the 1985 Evening Standard British Film Awards.
- It served as the setting for the five-part drama series Love Is Drug filmed and broadcast in 2004. It was directed by Drogheda local Darren Thornton.
- In 2011 Feargal Quinn fronted RTÉ’s Local Heroes campaign in Drogheda, who assembled a team of experts in order to get the local economy. It aired as RTÉ 1’s six-part TV series, Local Heroes – a town fighting back .
Aerial view of Drogheda
With the expansion of the Irish economy in the 1990s, during the “Celtic Tiger” years, Drogheda became one of the most important secondary places for people who work in Dublin to buy a house, real estate prices in the capital became prohibitive for many first-time home buyer. This was facilitated by the expansion of the transport infrastructure in the direction of Drogheda ie, the sword and the Balbriggan bypass, the Boyne River Bridge and the increased number of commuter trains running in the city. Partly as a result, the central area of Drogheda rebuilt, and two large shopping centers have opened, while several national and international retailers have opened stores. In 2007, partly pedestrianized streets in the city’s main street, West Street, was completed.
On the south quay in the space of the former Lakeland Dairies building (an old industrial area) was Scotch Hall Shopping Centre and the D Hotel was completed in November 2005. A new pedestrian bridge extends from the north quay, at the mayoralty Street, in the complex. Phase two of the development, which will soon begin construction, will extend further down along the river front, on the site of the former Irish oilcake works. It will have an extension of shopping centers and hotels, new apartments, cinema and a riverside plaza.
TRANSPORT, COMMUNICATIONS AND FACILITIES
M1 traffic crossing the Boyne River Bridge.
ROAD ACCESS AND INFRASTRUCTURE
Drogheda is close to the M1 (E1 Euro Route 1) (main Dublin – Belfast motorway). The Boyne River Bridge carries traffic from the M1, the River Boyne, 3 km west of the city. It opened June 9, 2003 and is the longest cable-stayed bridge in Ireland.
Drogheda acquired rail links to Dublin in 1844, Navan in 1850 and Belfast in 1852. Passenger traffic between Drogheda and Navan ended in 1958, but the line is open for freight traffic (Tara Mines / Platin Cement) traffic. 1966 Drogheda station was renamed “MacBride”. Drogheda rail station was opened May 25, 1844. 
The station has direct trains on Enterprise north to Dundalk, Newry, Portadown, Lisburn and Belfast Central, and south to Dublin Connolly.
A wide range of Irish Rail commuter services connect south to Balbriggan, Malahide, Howth Junction, Connolly, Tara Street, Dublin Pearse, Grand Canal Dock, Dun Laoghaire, Bray, Grey, Wicklow, Rathdrum and Arklow.
Drogheda Bus Station is on the Donore Road and includes the area, information offices and toilets waiting. It replaces an earlier facility at the Bullring.
As a city service, route 173 , several local roads radiate from Drogheda and a number of them have had their frequency increased in recent years. Local roads include: 100 (Newry / Dundalk by Dunleer), 100X (Dundalk – – Dublin),101 (Julianstown – Balbriggan – Dublin), 163 (Brú na via Baltray & Termonfeckin), 190 / A (Laytownvia Mornington & Bettystown and Trim / Athboy through Slane and Navan). 
On Friday and Saturday evenings there is also a night bus, road 101Noperated by Bus Éireann (Dublin – Dublin Airport – Balbriggan -Drogheda) and return.
Matthews Coaches also operate a Dundalk to Dublin route serving the city.
Past Bus Eireann routes included 184 to Garrison Town and 185 to Bellewstown but these suspended for some years ago.
Defined by its location as the last border crossing at Boyne before it reaches the sea, Drogheda seven bridges in the vicinity.
POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT
|Drogheda District members from the 2014 local elections|
|Local area Electoral||name||Part|
|Paul Bell||Labour party|
|Tommy Byrne||Fianna Fail|
|Oliver Tully||Fine Gael|
|richie Culhane||Fine Gael|
|pious Smith||Labour party|
Drogheda Borough Council is an elected local government agency that has been contracted under the Local Government Act 2001 to provide community leadership and a forum for the democratic representation of the community. Responsibilities include recreational support, operation of the Litter Act, contributions to the development of tourism, events, licensing, art support, etc. The City Council executive consists of twelve elected council, headed by the mayor. The current mayor is Richard Culhane (Fine Gael). 
For local elections to Louth County Council, the city is part of two local election areas – Drogheda East (6) and Drogheda West (4). This includes both the urban Drogheda area and surrounding countryside.
For the purposes of elections to Dáil Éireann, the city is part of the five-seat Louth constituency that returns five TDs. After the 2011 general election, the constituency chose two TDs for the Fine Gael Party (center right), and a TD each förFianna Fáil (center to center-right), the Labour Party (center left) and Sinn Fein (left side).
The local economy in Drogheda, like many other cities in Ireland, is changing rapidly. The old industries based around linen and textiles, brewing, shipping and manufacturing has now disappeared or are in decline. More recently, the company slowed down because of the recession and Drogheda are facing increased unemployment.
There are still a number of major employers in the city, including:
- Drogheda Port Company, the oldest domestic employers since 1790
- Glanbia, the dairy products factory. (Glanbia Dairy, Drogheda was founded by Ryan Dairies (1957), became the DDD (Drogheda and Dundalk Dairies) in 1959. Taken over by Avommore Dairies in 1986, which merged with Waterford to form Glanbia 1997).
- Premier RHI AG, or Premier periclase, producing Seawater Magnesia products at its facility – 115 employees
- Flogas, a national gas distributor
- Nature’s Best, a new food processor
- Hilton Foods, en kött processor
- Boyne Valley Foods, a producer and distributor of olive oil, jam and honey
- Irish Cement, operates Ireland’s largest cement on Platin.
- International Flavours & Fragrances (IFF), a manufacturer of perfumes and food aromas (plant closed in 2010)
- Becton Dickinson (BD), a manufacturer of medical syringes and related equipment
- D Hotel, Hospitality
New additions to the local economy include:
- IDA Business and Technology Park: a 25 hectare (62 acre) with direct access to the Dublin-Belfast, developed and designed for the needs of both the IT, financial and internationally traded services sectors.
- International Fund Services, a leading provider of fund accounting and administration services to the hedge fund industry globally, is setting up a hedge fund management operation in Drogheda, Co. Louth, with the creation of up to 235 jobs.
- Eight business incubation units for high-tech start-ups are in Milmount complex.
The opening of the Drogheda bypass has led to the development of two large retail parks next to the highway, either side of the Boyne Cable Bridge. On the North Side is the M1 Retail Park and Southside are Drogheda Retail Park.
Because of the recession and the economic crash, have a variety of companies and factories were closed in Drogheda. As a result, Drogheda unemployment problem,  , which has in turn led to a serious increase in social problems, including crime (organized, violent and petty),  poverty, lack of housing affordability, homelessness, and various substance abuse. As a result, large parts of Drogheda designated RAPID areas, which means that the areas identified by the Government as urban areas of concentrated disadvantage.
Traditionally act took place in the central business district in the center. The main shopping streets are West Street, Shop Street, Peter Street, and Laurence Street. There are five shopping centers, Scotch Hall, Laurence Town Centre, Drogheda shopping center, shopping mall and Abbey Boyne Shopping Centre. A number of retail parks has developed around Drogheda since 2000, mainly in the south and west side of the city.
The local newspapers are Drogheda Independent and The Drogheda leaders , known locally as the DI and Leader . Both papers are published each Wednesday. The Leader a free-of-charge newspaper has a circulation of 28,000 and the Drogheda Independent circulation is 7000. The headquarters of the Drogheda Independent is on Shop Street, Drogheda Leader ‘s office is Laurence Street.
The local radio station is LMFM, broadcasting on 95.8 FM. The headquarters of LMFM is at Marley’s Lane on the south side of town.
- Football: In December 2005, the city’s football team, Drogheda United, won the FAI Cup for the first time. In 2006 Drogheda United won the Setanta Cup. In 2007 won Drogheda United denLeague of Ireland for the first time in club history. Drogheda United FC brother team Trabzonspor from Turkey. Both team’s colors are claret red and blue.
- Rugby: Local teams Boyne RFC was formed in 1997 from the merger of Delvin RFC and Drogheda RFC. From 2010, play 1st XV team in Leinster J1 1st division.Drogheda is also home to many rugby playing schools, including St. Mary’s under 14 rugby champions Leinster.
- Karate: Drogheda School of Karate was founded in February 1969, and has continued services to the city and surrounding areas for over 40 years.
- Water: Drogheda Water Polo Club has been around since 1983. The clubs have male and female teams from U12 to senior level, competing on provincial and national league level.
- Diving: Drogheda Sub Aqua Club is a local non-profit diving club was founded in 1974 and affiliated with the Comhairle Fo Thuinn (CFT) and the Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques (CMAS).
- Bronte, Catania, Italien
- Salinas, California, United States
- Eastwood, Nottingham, United Kingdom
- Tommy Breen, Manchester United goalkeeper
- Gavin Brennan Shamrock Rovers Midfielder
- Killian Brennan Shamrock Rovers Midfielder
- Megan Campbell, Manchester City Left Back
- Jerome Clarke, former Drogheda United forward, earned a cap for Ireland.
- Nick Colgan, goalkeeper for Sunderland and Ireland.
- Barry Conlon, former Manchester City striker
- James Hand, footballer
- Ian Harte, full-back for Reading FC before Blackpool FC, Leeds United, Levante (Spain) and Sunderland player, and Ireland.
- Gary Kelly, football and charity campaigner.
- David McAllister, midfielder
- Gary Rogers, footballer
- Steve Staunton, the former Liverpool FC and Aston Villa player was born there.
- Kevin Thornton, midfielder Coventry City FC and former Ireland in the 21st
- Sean Thornton, midfielder Drogheda United and former Ireland under 21 national team.
- Yasmine Akram, comedian and actor in Sherlock (TV Series)
- Pierce Brosnan, actor, film producer and the environment.
- Tommy Byrne, former driver, ran briefly in Formula 1 in 1982
- Tony Byrne, bronze winner for Ireland 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne in the lightweight division.
- Eamonn Campbell , medlem i The Dubliners .
- James Cullen, a mathematician who discovered what is now called Cullen numbers.
- Deirdre Gogarty, 1997 Women’s International Boxing Federation (WIBF) Spring Champion Title.
- Angela Greene , poet, Patrick Kavanagh Award 1988, lax Press.
- John Philip Holland, inventor of the modern submarine.
- Michael Holohan, composer and member of Aosdána.
- Shane Horgan, Leinster Rugby team, former international rugby player Ireland national rugby union team.
- Sharon Horgan, actor, writer and comedian.
- William Hughes, Irish-born senator from New Jersey.
- Colm Judge, Gaelic footballer Louth.
- Alison Kelly (diplomatic), Irish Ambassador to Israel.
- Jonathan Kelly , singer-songwriter.
- William Kenny, recipient of the Victoria Cross.
- Thomas Lancaster, Bishop, was buried in St. Peter’s Basilica.
- Evanna Lynch, the actress who starred in the Harry Potter films as Luna Lovegood is from nearby Termonfeckin.
- Tony Martin, the Canadian Socialist lawmakers.
- Jill Meagher, victims of crime.
- Colin O’Donoghue, an actor known for his role as Captain Hook / Killian Jones in the US TV show Once Upon a Time .
- Deirdre O’Kane, award-winning comedian.
- Eliza O’Neill, actor.
- John Boyle O’Reilly, poet and writer, member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood.
- Nano Reid, painter of landscapes, especially Drogheda, Boyne Valley and surrounding areas.
- Michael Scott, the architect who designed Busáras and Abbey Theatre.
- Henry Singleton, judges and friend of Jonathan Swift, was a lifelong resident of Drogheda.
- Des Smyth, professional golfer, vice captain of the winning Ryder Cup team in 2006.
- TK Whitaker, former Irish economist who wrote the program for economic growth went to school in Drogheda.
- Törnfåglarna , en 1977 roman av Colleen McCullough
- List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Louth)
- List of towns and villages in Ireland
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- Jump up ^ “Latest News”. Airo.ie. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- Hoppa upp^ http://www.boundarycommittee.ie/reports/2013-Report.pdf
- Jump up ^ See www.cso.ie/census and www.histpop.org for post 1821 numbers, 1813 estimate from Mason Statistical Survey. For a discussion of the accuracy of pre-famine census return see JJ Lee “On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses,” Irish population, the economy and society, ed. JM Gold Strom and LA Clarkson (1981) p.54, and even “New developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850” by Joel Mokyr and Cormac O Grada in The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol.37, No. 4 (November 1984), p. 473-488.
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- Jump up ^ Bradley aa 105
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- Jump up ^ “Matthews Coach Hire – Coach Tours, Corporate rentals, private rental of buses, Commuter service Drogheda Dublin Dundalk”.Matthews.ie .Hämtad November 20, 2014.
- Jump up ^ “Ex GAA star Richie is the new mayor of the city.” Irish Independent . Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- Jump up ^ “News from Drogheda Drogheda Independent Newspaper – News from Drogheda, Co. Louth – Independent.ie “. Independent.ie .Hämtad20 November 2014.
- Jump up ^ Susan Ryan. “Man dies after double ticking in Drogheda”.TheJournal.ie . Retrieved November 20, 2014.
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