County Wexford (Irish: Contae Loch Garman ) is a municipality in Ireland.It is in the province of Leinster, and is part of the South East region. It is named after the town Wexfordoch was based on the historical Gaelic territory Hy Kinsella ( Uí Ceinnsealaigh ), whose capital was ferns. [3] [4]Wexford County Council is the local authority for länet.Befolkningen in the county is 145,273 according to the census of 2011.


Main article: History of County Wexford

Wexford town c. 1800.

The county is rich in evidence of early human habitation. [5] Portal tombs(sometimes called dolmens) appearing on Ballybrittas (on Bree Hill) [6] and påNewbawn [7] – and date from the Neolithic period or earlier. Remains from the Bronze Age period is considerably more widespread. [5] Early Irish tribes formed the Kingdom of Uí Cheinnsealaig, an area slightly larger than the current County Wexford.

County Wexford was one of the earliest areas in Ireland that Christianized, in the early 5th century. Later, from 819 onwards, the Vikings plundered many Christian sites in the county. [8] Wexford town became a Viking settlement at the end of the 9th century. [8]

Wexford was the site of the invasion of Ireland by the Normans in 1169 on behalf of Diarmuid Mac Murrough, King of Uí Cheinnsealaig and king of Leinster (Laigin), which led to the subsequent colonization of the country by the Anglo-Normans.

The native Irish began to regain some of their former territories in the 14th century, especially in the northern part of the county, especially in the context of Art MacMurrough Kavanagh. According to Henry VIII, the great religious houses were dissolved, 1536-1541; County Wexford this included Glascarrig Priory, Priory Clonmines, Tintern Abbey and Dunbrody Abbey.

On 23 October 1641, broke a major rebellion in Ireland and Wexford produced strong support for the League of Ireland. Oliver Cromwell and his English Honourable army came in 1649 in the county and captured it. The countries of the Irish and Anglo-Normans were confiscated and given to Cromwell’s soldiers as payment for their services in the Honourable army.PåDuncannon, in the southwestern part of the county, James II, after his defeat at the Battle of the Boyne, board Kinsale and then to exile in France.

County Wexford was the main area where the Irish rebellion in 1798 was fought over which significant battles occurred at Vinegar Hill (Enniscorthy) and New Ross. The famous ballad Boolavogue was written in memory of Wexford Rising. At Easter 1916, a small rebellion occurred at Enniscorthy town, in line with that of Dublin. [9] During World War II, German planes bombed Campile. [10] [11] In 1963, John F. Kennedy, then President of the United States, visited county and his ancestral home on Dunganstown, near New Ross.

Geography and political subdivisions

Wexford is the 13th largest of Ireland’s thirty-two counties in area and 14th largest in terms of population. [12] It is the largest of Leinster’s 12 counties in size, and the fourth largest in terms of population. The county is located in the southeast corner of the island of Ireland. It is bounded by the sea on two sides-on the south by the Atlantic Ocean and on the east by St. George Channel and the Irish Sea. The River Barrow forms its western border. The Blackstairs mountains are part of the border in the north, as well as the southern edge of the Wicklow Mountains. The neighboring counties Waterford, Kilkenny, Carlow and Wicklow.

Towns and Villages

  • County Town: Wexford
  • Koping: Gorey
  • Adams
  • Arthurs
  • Ballycanew
  • Ballycullane
  • Bally Edmond
  • Ballyfad
  • Ballygarrett
  • Ballyhack
  • Ballymitty
  • Bally William
  • Bannow
  • black water
  • Bree
  • Bridge
  • Broadway
  • Bunclody
  • Camolin
  • Campile
  • Castle
  • Castle
  • Cleariestown
  • Clohamon
  • Clonroche
  • Coolgreany
  • Courtown
  • Craanford
  • Crossabeg
  • Cullenstown
  • Curracloe
  • Duncannon
  • Duncormick
  • Enniscorthy
  • ferns
  • Fethard-on-Sea
  • Foulkesmill
  • gorey
  • Holly Fort
  • Inch
  • Killinierin
  • Kilmore
  • Kilmore Quay
  • Kilmuckridge
  • Kiltealy
  • Mona Molin
  • Monaseed
  • Murrintown
  • Mona Geer
  • Monbeg
  • Newbawn
  • New Ross
  • Oulart
  • Oylegate
  • Poulpeasty
  • Rathangan
  • Rosslare
  • Rosslare Harbour
  • Raheen
  • Rathnure
  • Saltmills
  • Taghmon
  • Watch House Village
  • Wellingtonbridge
  • Wexford

County Wexford is known as Ireland’s “sunny south east” because, in general, the amount of sunshine received daily higher than in the rest of the country.This has resulted in Wexford become one of the most popular places in Ireland where the bo.Länet has a mild but changeable oceanic climate with few extremes. The North Atlantic Drift, a continuation of the Gulf Stream, moderate winter temperatures. There is a meteorological station located at Rosslare Harbour. [19] January and February are usually the coldest months, with temperatures between 4-8 ° C on average. [20] July and August are usually the hottest months, with temperatures at 12-18 ° C on average. [20]the prevailing winds are from the southwest. [21] Precipitation falls throughout the year. Average annual rainfall is between 800-1200 mm. [22] In general, the county will have less snow than the more northern parts of Ireland. Serious snowfall is relatively rare, but can occur. The only exception is the Mount Leinster, visible from a large part of the county, which is often covered with snow during the winter months. Frost is often during the winter months, less in coastal areas.

Mountains and hills

Flack fertile soil characteristic landscape of the county. The highest point in the county is Mount Leinster (795 m, [23] 2610 ft) in the Blackstairs mountains in the northwest on the border with County Carlow.

Other highlights:

  • Black Rock Mountain, which is 599 m (1,965 ft) high. It is located near the border Wexford-Carlow, in County Wexford.
  • Croghan Mountain (or Croghan Kinsella ) on the border between Wexford Wicklow – 606 m (1,988 ft) high
  • Annagh Hill 454 m (1,490 ft), near the border Wicklow
  • Slieveboy of 420 m (1,378 ft) high

Notable Hills include: Carrigbyrne Hill, Camross (or Camaross) Hill (181 m),[24] Carrigmaistia (167 m), [24] Bree Hill (179 m), [24] Gibbet Hill, Vinegar Hill, Slievecoiltia and Forth Mountain (237 m), [24] and Tara Hill.

Rivers and Lakes

The major rivers are the Barrow and Slaney.

At 192 km (119 mi) in length, the River Barrow, the second longest river on the island of Ireland. [25]

Other smaller rivers noting Owenduff, Pollmounty, Corrock, Urrin, Boro, Owenavorragh, Sow and Bann rivers.

There are no major freshwater lakes in the county. Small sea lakes or lagoons are in two locations – one is called Lady’s Island Lake and other Tacumshin Lake.

The Wexford Cot is a flat-bottomed boat used for fishing on the tidal mudflats in Wexford, [26] is also a canoe-shaped Punt equipped with a gun, called Floatin Wexford traditionally used for shooting game birds in North Slob mud flats. [27 ]


The Saltee Islands located 5 km off the coast of Kilmore Quay, while the smaller islands Keeragh is 1.5km offshore from Bannow.


Most, but not all, of the county was covered by inland ice during the last ice age. As the ice retreated, County Wexford would have been one of the first areas to be covered with glacial operation (a mixture avstenblock, clay, sand and gravel), which covered the existing bedrock. This has resulted in high quality soils, suitable for a wide range of agriculture. A very detailed soil survey of the county were published in 1964 as part of the “National Soil Survey of Ireland”. It classifies each area of the county in accordance with its specific soil type. [28]

Most of the county is covered with soil called brown soils , described as well-drained and have a wide range of applications. After gleys (poorly to imperfectly drained with a limited range) is the next major soil type, mainly in the southeastern part of the county and east of Gorey (along the coast).Gleys are scattered elsewhere around the county in small areas, and where they exist they generally form marshland. The last major soil type is brown podzolics , located mainly near the edges of the Blackstairs mountains and around Bunclody and baronies Shelmalier East and South Ballaghkeen.Although there are areas covered by other types of land, these are limited in scope.


Common species of trees include oak, ash, maple, alder, blackthorn, hawthorn, beech and birch. Uncommon (but plentiful) are wild cherry and pine (also called red business). Elm is now much less common, because of the devastating effects avalmsjukan. Gorse (or furze) is very common. A priority habitat in Wexford is gray mud, which many indigenous wild plants grow, including the bee orchid and pyramidal orchid. Despite the appointment of a large part of this habitat somsärskilt conservation area, it remains threatened by the destruction of agricultural intensification [ citation needed ] . There is very little natural forest in the county. Most natural trees and vegetation growing on the hedges.


Southeastern Wexford is an important place for wild birds, the northern side of Wexford Harbour, the North Slob, is home to 10,000 Greenland white-fronted geese each winter (about a third of the world’s population), while in the summer Lady’s Island Lake is an important nesting site for terns, especially the roseate tern. The gray heron is also seen.

The entire county pheasant, pigeon and wild pigeons is widespread. Swans, wild ducks, kingfishers and owls (long-eared owl, the short-eared owl and barn owl) are less common -. But abundant Red Grouse, once common, are now extremely rare. The species has been in decline for decades. Threats are habitat degradation, disease, predation and excessive hunting. Red Grouse in Ireland are now considered endangered. [29] [30] The corncrake, also once very common, are now almost never seen. Less-birds such as crows, swallows, robins, wrens and so on-are very common. The first magpies in Ireland were recorded by Robert Leigh Rose Garland, County Wexford, have appeared in County Wexford around 1676. [31] [32] land mammals include badgers, rabbits, otters, hedgehogs, foxes, mink, raccoons, squirrels (red and gray), rats (brown and black – both introduced species), and mice (wood (or field) ochhus). Two types of hare -the Irish (or mountain) hare and less common brown (or European) Hare -is found. Hare is not nearly as common as rabbits. The stoats ( Mustela erminea hibernica ) is also quite vanligt.Lokalt ermine is so often incorrectly called a weasel.

Only two types of seal are available on Wexford’s coastal Atlantic gray seals are very plentiful in the coastal areas, but somewhat less common (or harbor) seal is less common, but plentiful. The small tortoiseshell butterfly(red-orange color, with black spots) are the most common species of butterfly in the county. Different types of catfish are also common. The common frog is abundant, and is the only type of frog found.

local authorities

Wexford County Council has twenty-one members. The Wexford constituency represented by five deputies in the Dáil: John Browne (FF), Paul Kehoe (FG), Brendan Howlin (Lab), Liam Twomey (FG) and Mick Wallace (Ind)


Since 1951, an opera festival, Wexford Festival Opera, takes place every year at the Theatre Royal in Wexford town and runs for several weeks. [33] A new opera house has recently replaced the old in the same place, it is now called Wexford Opera House. The new theater opened in 2008 and consists of two theaters, O’Reilly Theatre and Jerome Hynes Theatre.

It is a well-known song tradition in County Wexford. With an abundance of traditional songs, many of which relate to the uprising in 1798, the county has for years maintained a strong presence in the Irish traditional song scen.Noterade singers include All-Ireland Fleadh Champions Paddy Berry, Seamus Brogan and Niall Wall. Paddy Berry has also collected and published a number of songs from Wexford.

Beaches in Curracloe, was Wexford used for filming the opening scenes in the movie Saving Private Ryan which portrayed the D-Day assault on Omaha Beach. The Count of Monte Cristo , directed by Kevin Reynolds, partially filmed in the village of Duncannon 2000 – Duncannon Fort used for one of the most important scenes. [34] the film Brooklyn (film) was partly filmed in Enniscorthy and featured some of the locals as extras.


  • There are two radio stations based in the county, Southeast Radio [35]and beat FM . [36]
  • The county’s main newspapers include Wexford People , New Ross Standard , Gorey Guardian and Enniscorthy Echo .

Tourist attractions

The scenic Bannow Drive, popular with tourists, is a signposted path through four villages Wexford: Duncormick, Cullenstown, Bannow and Wellingtonbridge.

Ballyteigue Burrow, located near Duncormick, is one of the finest protected sand dune systems in Ireland. Rich in flowers, animals and butterflies, is 9 km long coastline a protected nature reserve of the golden sands of Ballyteigue Bay, with spectacular scenery.

The Hook Peninsula is known for its many beaches and spectacular scenery.It has the medieval Hook Head Lighthouse and the historic townland of Loftus Hall.

Popular beaches are in Courtown, Curracloe, Carnsore Point, Duncannon and Rosslare Strand.

Other points of interest include:

  • Ferns Castle and Abbey [37]
  • Enniscorthy Castle and Museum
  • Vinegar Hill
  • National 1798 Visitor Centre [38]
  • Boolavogue
  • The Browne-Clayton monuments
  • Oulart Hill
  • Castleboro House [39]
  • Seven “castle” of Clonmines
  • Johnstown Castle
  • Bay dollars
  • Loftus Hall – deserted haunted house (the first Hall was built at this place in 1350)
  • Ballyteigue Castle
  • Bannow Church (dates from the 13th century)
  • Selskar Abbey, Wexford town
  • Irish National Heritage Park (Ferrycarrig)
  • Tacumshin windmill (Southeastern Wexford)
  • St. Mary’s Church (New Ross)
  • Dunbrody Abbey
  • Tintern Abbey [40]
  • Slade Castle
  • Ballyhack Castle
  • JF Kennedy homestead park
  • Slieve Coilte
  • Wells House and Gardens
  • Duncannon Fort
  • Saltee Islands



The economy is mainly agricultural. Cattle, sheep, pigs and some horse-breeding are the main types of farming practiced. Poultry farming, once popular, have much reduced. Wheat, barley, rape and oats are grown, as well as potatoes. sugar is no longer grown because of the withdrawal of EU subsidies. The numbers involved in agriculture has declined over many years and many of the seasonal workers are now Eastern Europeans. Mushrooms are also grown indoors. Tomatoes cultivated under glass, for example at Campile.

Wexford strawberries are known and can be purchased in stores and roadside stalls throughout the summer. Every year, in late June, takes a “Strawberry Fair” Festival venue in the town of Enniscorthy, and a Strawberry Queen is crowned. Milk is an important part of the agricultural industry. Locally produced milk is sold in many supermarkets. Wexford Irish Cheddar is an award-winning brand and Carrigbyrne, a plump soft cheese, produced near New Ross.


Evergreen species widely cultivated, especially in recent years- fir and Sitka spruce are the most common varieties planted. These are generally sown in poorer quality soils (mainly in bogs and hills or mountainsides). A small amount of deciduous trees also planted, but these require better soils.


Silver was once mined at Clonmines-mainly in Tudor times. Lead broken at Caim, 1818 – c. 1850 this mine also contains zinc; the two are usually found together. Copper ore (malachite) is found at Kerloge, just south of the town of Wexford. Iron is found in small amounts in Courtown Harbour. The county is not known mineral reserves. No significant mining activity is currently practiced, except for quarrying stone. During 2007, a major oil discovery made 60 kilometers off the Hook Head in Co Wexford. [41]


Bally Water Wind Farm , near Kilmuckridge – the largest wind farm in County Wexford (consisting of 21 wind turbines).

Carnsore Point made national headlines in late 1970 after a proposal to build a nuclear plant there; plans were abandoned after protests from the public, due to environmental concerns and health. [42] A wind farm has now been built on the site, with 14 wind turbines produce electricity. It was completed in November 2002 and was the first wind farm on the east coast of Ireland.Wind turbines are now at a few other places in the county, such as Bally Water Wind Farm, at Cahore (near Kilmuckridge), the county’s east coast, and Rich Wind Farm, located in the southeastern part of the county.

Great Island Power Station was opened in 1967 and operated by the Electricity Supply Board (ESB) until it was sold to Endesa in January 2009. [43]There is an electricity generating station operated by heavy fuel oil and has an output of 240 MW. [44] it located at the confluence of the rivers Barrow and Suir, close to Campile. Before its sale, the station is scheduled to close by 2010. [45] [46] Endesa propose to build a 430 MW combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) gas-fired plant in place. [44] The project would need a new 44.5 km of gas pipepline from existing transmission network in Baunlusk, 6 km south of Kilkenny City. [47]


  • Road: Recent years have seen a major upgrade of the county’s main roads.
  • Bus: Wexford and Dublin are also linked by the bus Éireann route 2, [48] .While Route 5 runs Waterford-New Ross Enniscorthy Dublin [49] There are many local bus routes radiating from Wexford town to places somKilmore Quay, Lady Island, Kilmuckridge, etc …
  • Rail: The Rosslare-Dublin railway runs through the county, earning Euro Ross, Rosslare Strand, Wexford, Enniscorthy and Gorey. Four trains run in each direction every day (three on weekends), with additional commuter traffic from Gorey. DenRoss-Limerick railway line that crosses the southern part of the county now mothballed but maintained (that served stations Bridgetown, Wellington Bridge, Ballycullane and Campile).
  • Ferry: Rosslare Europort, located at Rosslare Harbour, runs a busy ferry service. There are regular departures to Wales (Pembroke and Fishguard) and France (Cherbourg and during the summer months tillRoscoff) for passengers and vehicles. There are also ferry services operating between Ballyhack and Passage East (Waterford), cross the Barrow estuary.

Sports & Events

Gaelic game

Main article: Wexford GAA

GAA is very popular in the county, which is most noted for hurling. Wexford last won the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship in 1996, beat Limerick in the final. However, there has been a rapid decline since then in terms of framgång.Under recent years, the county’s football team has made rapid progress. Camogie, a women’s version of hurling, played well, and Wexford won the All Ireland in 2007 and 2010. Wexford Park is the county’s most important GAA pitch. Although handball played on a limited extent; There are a number handball alleys located throughout the county.


Wexford Youths FC was founded in 2007, is the biggest football club in the county, currently playing in the League of Ireland Premier Division.


There are many golf clubs in the county – including Rosslare (a links course),[50] and Enniscorthy. [51] Another two located near Gorey – Ballycastle Golf Club and Courtown Golf Club -. Is the 18-hole golf courses [52] Bunclody Golf and Fishing Club, which boasts Europe’s only golf elevator, located just inside the County Carlow. [53] There are also some others. New Ross Golf Club, but is actually located in County Kilkenny – about 1 km from New Ross town. [54]

There are also many par-3 courses in the county, such as Scarke Golf Course & Driving Range, [55] which is located about 2 km east of New Ross town, “Abbey Par 3” course at the Winning Town, Fethard-on-Sea Blackwater par 3 Golf course, [56] Kilnew, Blackwater, which is a few kilometers northeast of the town of Wexford, Garrylough golf course and driving range, Screen Rathaspeck Manor Golf course, Rathaspeck near Rosslare (there are also some par-4 holes on this course). There are also a number of other par-3 courses in the county.

Marina at Kilmore Quay.


Very maritime activity takes place – especially at Kilmore Quay and Slade, but also on a smaller scale in many other places. Common fish species include herring, mackerel, cod, monkfish, whiting, bass, perch, gurnard, haddock, mullet, Pollock, John Dory, sole, conger eel, shad, salmon, trout, pike, carp and tench. Shellfish including mussels, cockles, mussels, snails, mussels and oysters.


Wexford racecourse (horse race) is located at Wexford town [57] and there is a greyhound tracks in Enniscorthy. [58]


  • John Barry – Commander United States Navy.
  • John Banville – journalist and writer (winner of the Booker Prize in 2005).
  • Paddy Berry – singer, song collector and folklorist.
  • Wallis Bird – musicians.
  • Jim Bolger ONZ – former Prime Minister of New Zealand. [59]
  • Jim Bolger -. Horse Trainer [60]
  • Myles Byrne – participants in the Irish rebellion 1798th
  • Thomas cloney – participants in the Irish rebellion 1798th
  • John Henry Colclough – participants in the Irish rebellion in 1798
  • Eoin Colfer – best-selling children’s author.
  • Brendan Corish – Irish Labour Party leader and Tánaiste.
  • Gordon D’Arcy – Rugby Player, Leinster and Ireland.
  • Francis Danby – 19-century painters.
  • Padraic Delaney – actor.
  • John Doran (British Army officer)
  • Anne Doyle – RTÉ newsreader.
  • Kevin Doyle – football player.
  • Shane Dunphy – author, journalist, sociologist, broadcasters and musicians.
  • John French – grandfather of George Harrison
  • Nicholas French – former RC Bishop of Ferns.
  • Nicholas Furlong – author, journalist and historian.
  • John Harrison – recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Beauchamp Bagenal Harvey – participants in the Irish rebellion in 1798
  • Edward Hay – author of a history of the Irish uprising in 1798
  • Herbert Hore – historian.
  • Patrick Kennedy – great grandfather of John F. Kennedy (former US president).
  • Father John Murphy – participants in the Irish uprising 1798th
  • Aidan O’Brien – horse trainer
  • Joseph O’Brien (jockey) – son of Aidan O’Brien and horse trainer, former jockey
  • Michael O’Hanrahan – Irish rebels were executed for fighting in the 1916 Easter Rising.
  • Nicky Rackard – hurling player.
  • John Redmond – 19th-20th century nationalist politicians.
  • Billy Roche – playwright.
  • Dick Roche – politicians.
  • Patrick Roche – politicians
  • James Ryan – politician and Irish revolutionary.
  • Martin Storey – hurling player.
  • Colm Tóibín – Booker Prize-nominated writer.
  • Michael Balfe – 19th century composer, grew up in Wexford.
  • Major GEH Barrett-Hamilton – zoologist, grew up in Kilmanock
  • Des Bishop – New York-born comedian, went to school in County Wexford.
  • Chris de Burgh – Argentine-born singer-songwriter, based in County Wexford.
  • Anna Maria Hall (Mrs. SC Hall) – 19 century author, grew up in Bannow.[61]
  • Eileen Gray – 20th century Irish furniture designer and architect and a pioneer of the modern movement in architecture, raised in Enniscorthy.[62]


In 2011, the county had a total population of 145.320 people. Of these, 62.1% lived (89.709 people) in rural areas and 37.9% (55.611 people) lived in urban areas. [63] 34.3% of the county’s population (49.889 people) were aged under 25 and 12.6 % of the population (18.367 people) were older than 65 years.87.9% of the county’s population stated their religion as Roman Catholic, and 4.2% said they had no religion. Other religions made up the rest. [64]Between 2002 and 2006, the population of the County Wexford increased by 13% (15.153 people). [65] and between 2006 and 2011 the population increased by a further 10% (13.524 people). [66]

See also

  • Ireland portal
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland
  • List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Wexford)
  • Lord Lieutenant of Wexford
  • High Sheriff of Wexford


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  58. Jump up ^ “Enniscorthy Greyhound Track.” Irish Greyhound Board website. Retrieved ten May 2008.
  59. Jump up ^ Jim Bolger
  60. Jump up ^ Jim Bolger (racehorse trainer)
  61. Jump up ^ Anna Maria Hall biography on ricorso
  62. Jump up ^ [4] On Eileen Gray
  63. Jump up ^ “Census 2011 Results”. Central Bureau of Statistics . 2011.
  64. Jump up ^ “Wexford”. Central Bureau of Statistics . 2011.
  65. Jump up ^ 2006 Census , Volume 1, p. 13.
  66. Jump up ^ “Census 2011 preliminary results”. Central Bureau of Statistics . 2011.