County Tipperary (Irish: Contae Thiobraid Arann ) is a municipality in Ireland. Tipperary County Council is the local government authority for the county. Between 1838 and 2014 the County Tipperary was divided into two counties, North Tipperary and South Tipperary, who were under the law municipal reform in 2014, which took effect after the 2014 local elections, June 3, 2014.  It is located in the province of Munster. The county is named after the town of Tipperary, which was founded in the early thirteenth century, shortly after the Norman invasion of Ireland .Befolkningen throughout the county was 160,441 at the 2016 census.  The largest cities are Clonmel, Nenagh and Thurles.
Geography and political subdivisions
Tipperary is the sixth largest of the 32 counties by area and the 12th largest by population.  It is the third largest of Munster’s 6 counties by size and the third largest by population. It is also the largest inland county in Ireland. The region is part of the central plain of Ireland, but diverse terrain includes several mountain ranges: the Knockmealdown, the Galtee the ARRA Hills and the Silvermine mountains .The southern part of the county is drained by the River Suir; the north of the tributaries of the Shannon widens into Lough Derg. No part of the county touches the coast. The center is known as the “Golden Vale”, a rich pastoral stretch of land in the River Suir basin stretching into the counties of Limerick and Cork.
There are 12 historic baronies in County Tipperary: Clanwilliam, Eliogarty, IFFA and Offa East, IFFA and Offa West, Ikerrin, Kilnamanagh Lower, Kilnamanagh Upper, middle third, Ormond Lower, Upper Ormond, Owney and ARRA and Slievardagh.
Civil parishes and townlands
Main article: Civil parishes in Ireland
Townships bounded by Down Survey as a staging area, with several townlands per parish and several parishes per barony. The civil parishes had no use of local taxes and included in the nineteenth century maps of the Ordnance Survey of Ireland.  For the poor law purposes, the District Electoral Divisions replaced the civil parishes in the mid-nineteenth century.There are 199 civil parishes in the county.  townlands are the smallest officially defined geographic divisions in Sweden; There are 3,159 townlands in the county. 
Towns and Villages
|[View] Historical population|
- Ahenny – Áth Eine
- Ardfinnan – Ard Fhíonáin
- Ballina – Béal a Átha
- Ballingarry – Baile a Gharraí
- Ballyclerahan – Baile Uí Chléireacháin
- Ballylooby – Béal Átha Lúbaigh
- Ballyporeen – Béal Átha Póirín
- Bansha – A Bháinseach
- Bird Hill – Cnocán an EIN Fhinn
- Borrisokane – Buiríos Uí Chein
- Borrisoleigh – Buiríos Ó Luigheach
- Cahir – A Chat Hair / Cathair Dun Iascaigh
- Cappawhite – A Cheapach na Bhfaoiteach
- Carrick-on-Suir – Carraig on-Suir
- Cashel – Caiseal
- Castleiney – Caislean Aoibhne
- Clogheen – Chloichín a Mhargaid
- Clonmel – Clonmel
- Clonmore – A Cluain Mhor
- Clonoulty – Cluain Ultaigh
- Clough – Cloch Shiurdáin
- Coalbrook – Glaise na Ghuail
- Cullen – Cuilleann
- Donohill – Dun Eochaille
- Drom – Drom
- Dromineer – Drom Inbhir
- Dualla – Dubhaille
- Dundrum – Dun Droma
- Emly – Imleach Iubhair
- Fethard – Fiodh Ard
- Golden – A Gabhailín
- Gortnahoe – Gort na hUamha
- Hollyford – Áth an Chuillinn
- Holy Cross – Mainistir na Croiche
- Horse and Jockey – A Marcach
- Killenaule – Cill Naile
- Kilmoyler – Cill Mhaoileachair
- Kilsheelan – Cill Siolain
- Knockgraffon – Cnoc Rafann
- Lisronagh – Lios Ruanach
- Littleton – An Baile Beag
- Lorrha – Lothra
- Loughmore – Luach Magh
- Milestone – Cloch a Mhíle
- Nenagh – A tAonach
- New Birmingham – Gleann a Ghuail
- New Inn – Loch Cheann
- Newport – An Tulach Sheasta
- Nine Mile House – Tigh na Naoi Míle
- Rear Cross – Crois na Rae
- Roscrea – Roscrea
- Rose Green – Faiche Red
- Rathcabbin – An Rath Cabban
- Temple – A Team Mór
- Thurles – Durlas
- Tipperary – Tiobraid Arann
- Toomevara – Tuaim Uí Mheára
- Two Mile Borris – Buiríos Leith
- Upper Church – A Team Uachtarach
After the Norman invasion of Ireland, the Kingdom of Munster invoked as a dominion. By 1210, the sheriff of Munster shired the Shires in Tipperary and Limerick.  In 1328, Tipperary granted Earl of Ormond as a county palatine or freedom.  The contribution excluded church lands such as the archiepiscopal see of Cashel, which constituted separate counties Cross Tipperary.  Even if Earl had jurisdiction over church lands in 1662, “Tipperary and Cross Tipperary” not finally united until the County Palatine of Tipperary Act 1715, when the 2nd Duke of Ormondades attainted for supporting the Jacobite uprising of 1715.  
The county was divided again in 1838.  The county town of Clonmel, where the jury held its semiannual court at the south border of the county, and roads leading north were poor, which makes the trip uncomfortable for.Jury members residing there  a petition to move the county town to a more central location was opposed by MP Clonmel, so instead the county was divided into two “ridings”; grand jury in South Riding continued to meet in Clonmel, while the North Riding met in Nenagh.  When the municipal (Ireland) Act 1898 established the county councils to replace the jury for civil functions, was ridings separate “administrative counties” with separate governments.  Their names have been changed from “Tipperary North / South Riding” to “North / south Tipperary” avkommunallagen, 2001, which was redesignated all “administrative counties” as simply “County”.  the municipal Reform Act 2014, the two counties and restored a single county Tipperary. 
Local governments and politics
After Municipal Reform Act 2014 Tipperary County Council is the local authority for the county. The Agency is a merger of two separate authorities, North Tipperary County Council and South Tipperary County Council which operated until June 2014. The municipality is responsible for certain local services such as sanitation, planning and development, libraries, collection of motor taxation, local roads and social housing. The county is part of the South constituency for the application of the EU elections. For elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is part of the two constituencies: Tipperary North and Tipperary South. Together back six deputies (TDs) to the Dáil.
Tipperary called it “the Premier County”, a description is written [ citation needed ]to Thomas Davis, editor of The Nation magazine in the 1840s as a tribute to nationalist sentiment in Tipperary and said [ citation needed ] that “if Tipperary joints, Ireland follows “. Tipperary were the subject of the famous song “It’s a long way to Tipperary” written by Jack Judge, whose grandparents came from the county. It was popular with the regiments of the British Army during the First World War. The song “Slievenamon”, traditionally associated with the county, written by Charles Kickham from Mullinahone, and usually sung at sporting events involving the county. 
There are 979 Irish speakers in County Tipperary participated in five Gaelscoileanna (Irish language primary school) and two Gaelcholáistí (Irish language secondary schools). 
The area around Clonmel is the economic hub of the county: east of the town of manufacturers Bulmers (Brewers) and Merck & Co. (drug). There is much fertile land, especially in the region known as the Golden Vale, one of the richest agricultural areas in Ireland. Milk production and cattle raising are the main occupations. [ Citation needed ] Other industries are slate mineral and manufacturing of flour and flour.
Tipperary is known for its horse breeding industry and is home to Coolmore Stud, the largest thoroughbred breeding operation in the world. [ Citation needed ]
Tourism plays an important role in County Tipperary – Lough Derg, Thurles, Rock of Cashel, Ormonde Castle, Ahenny High Cross, Cahir Castle, Bru Boru Heritage Centre and Tipperary Crystal are some of the top tourist destinations in the county.
Road transport dominates in County Tipperary. The M7 motorway crosses the northern part of the county through Roscrea and Nenagh, and the M8 motorway bisects the county from north of Two Mile Borris County Limerick border. Both roads are among some of the busiest roads on the island. Limerick to Waterford N24 crosses the southern half of Tipperary, traveling through Tipperary Town, Bansha, north of Cahir and around Clonmel and Carrick-on-Suir.
Tipperary also has a number of railway stations situated on the Dublin-Cork line, Dublin to Limerick and Limerick-Waterford line. The railway lines connecting places in Tipperary to Cork, Dublin Heuston, Waterford, Limerick, Mallow and Galway.
County Tipperary has a strong association with the Gaelic Athletic Association was founded in Thurles in 1884. The Gaelic Games of Hurling, Gaelic Football, Camogie and Handball organized by Tipperary GAA county board of GAA.Organisationen compete in the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship and All-Ireland Senior in football. Tipperary, with 26 victories, is the only county that has won an All-Ireland title in evey decade since the 1880s.
Horse racing takes place in Tipperary Racecourse, Racecourse Thurles and Clonmel Racecourse.
- Athassel Priory
- Cahir Castle
- Coolmore Stud
- Devil’s Bit – a mountain near Temple
- Galtymore – a munro, and the highest mountain in County Tipperary (919).
- Glen of Aherlow
- Wood Glengarra
- Holy Cross Abbey
- Kilcash Castle
- Lough Derg
- Mitchelstown Cave
- Ormonde Castle, Carrick-on-Suir
- Redwood Castle (Castle Egan)
- Rock of Cashel
- Slievenamon – mountain in connection with many Irish legends (721)
- Anne Anderson, Ambassador to the US
- John Desmond Bernal, controversial twentieth century scholars
- Dan Breen, Irish Republican during the Irish War of Independence, later a TD for the county.
- William Butler, nineteenth century officer, writer and adventurer
- Peter Campbell, founder of the Uruguayan Navy
- The Clancy Brothers, the folk group
- Paddy Clancy, singers, harmonicist
- Tom Clancy, singer, actor
- Bobby Clancy, singer, banjoist
- Liam Clancy, singer, guitarist
- Kerry Condon, actress
- Frank Corcoran, composer
- Dayl Cronin, lead singer, member of boy band Hometown
- John N. Dempsey, governor of Connecticut (1961-1971)
- Dennis Dewane, American politician
- John M. Feehan, Authors and Publishers
- Frank Fitzgerald, American politician
- Una Healy, a singer, a member of girl group The Saturdays
- Patrick Hobbins, American politician
- Tom Kiely, Olympic gold medalist
- Martin O’Meara, recipient of the Victoria Cross
- Frank Patterson, tenor
- Ramsay Weston Phipps, military historian
- Rozanna Purcell, model, winner of the Miss Universe Ireland in 2010.
- Adi Roche, advocate for peace, humanitarian assistance and training, founder and president of the Chernobyl Children International
- Richard Lalor Sheil, politicians, writers and speakers
- Pat Shortt, actor, comedian and entertainer
- Laurence Sterne, writer and priest, best known for Tristram Shandy
- Denis Lynch, showjumper
- Lena Rice, the Wimbledon Tennis Championships
- Seán Treacy, Irish Republican during the Irish War of Independence
- Annals of Inisfallen
- High Sheriff of Tipperary
- List of civil parishes in County Tipperary
- List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Tipperary)
- List of national monuments in South Tipperary
- Lord Lieutenant of Tipperary
- Tipperary Hill, a neighborhood in Syracuse, New York, USA, which is inhabited by many descendants in County Tipperary.
- Vehicle registration plates in Ireland
- Jump up ^ “Tipperary County Council”. Tipperary County Council. May 29, 2014. Tipperary County Council will be an official unified authority on Tuesday, June 3, 2014. The new agency combines the existing management of North Tipperary County Council and South Tipperary County Council.
- Jump up ^  Census in 2016.
- Jump up ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186-191.
- Jump up ^ “Map (parish boundaries visible in the historical stock)”.MapViewer. Ordnance Survey Ireland. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- Jump up ^ “placental Database of Ireland – Tipperary civil communities.” Logainm.ie. 13.12.2010. Pulled 09/14/2012.
- Jump up ^ “placental Database of Ireland – Tipperary townlands.”Logainm.ie. 13.12.2010. Pulled 09/14/2012.
- Jump up ^ For the 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
- Jump up ^ “Census of record 1821 figures.”. Cso.ie. Pulled 09/14/2012.
- Jump up ^ histpop.org
- Jump up ^ “NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency”.Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. Pulled 09/14/2012.
- Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
- Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468 -0289.1984.tb00344.x.
- ^ Jump up to: abc Falkiner, Caesar Litton (1904). “The Counties of Ireland”. Illustrations of Irish history and topography: mainly of the seventeenth century. Longmans, Green. pp. 108-142. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- Jump up ^ Deputy Keeper of the Public Records of Ireland (04/26/1873).”Annex 3: Excerpts from the report of the Assistant Deputy Keeper of the Records of the audit record of the County Palatine of Tipperary”. Fifth Report. Command paper. C.760. HMSO. pp. 32-37. Retrieved 2011-08-14.
- Jump up ^ Ireland (1794). “2 George I C.8”. Statutes adopted in parliament held in Ireland. III: 1715-1733. Printed by George Grierson, printer to the King’s Most Excellent Majesty. pp. 5-11. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- ^ Jump up to: abcd Murphy, Donal A. (1994). The two Tipperarys: national and local policies, decentralization and self-determination, the unique 1838 split into two ridings, and the aftermath. Relay. ISSN 9,780,946,327,133th
- Jump up ^ “Local Government Act 2001 sec.10 (4) (a).” Irish Statute Book. Retrieved 22 October, 2013.
- Jump up ^ minister of environment, community and local government (15 October 2013). “Sec.10 (2) Limits for the merged communal areas”.Local Government Bill 2013 (initiated) (PDF). Dublin. Stationery Office ISBN 978-1-4468-0502-2. Hämtad17 October, 2013.
- Jump up ^ “Sliabh na mBan – Slievenamon”. Irishpage.com. Pulled 09/14/2012.
- Jump up ^ “Oideachas Trí Mheán na Gaeilge in Éirinn said Ghalltacht 2010-2011” (PDF) (in Irish). gaelscoileanna.ie. 2011. Retrieved 9 January 2012.