County Mayo  (Irish:  Contae Mhaigh Eo  , which means “plain of the yew”) is a municipality in Ireland. In the west of Ireland, is part of the province of Connacht, and is named after the village of Mayo, now widely known as the Mayo Abbey. Mayo County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county was 130,638 at the census of 2011.  [1]  The limits of the county, which was established in 1585, reflecting the Mac William Íochtar domination at the time.


Glengad Circle, Kilcommon, Erris

It is bounded to the north and west by the Atlantic Ocean; in the south of County Galway; east of Roscommon; and north of County Sligo. Mayo is the third largest of Ireland’s 32 counties in area and 15th largest in terms of population.  [2]  It is the second largest of Connacht’s five counties in both size and population. There is a clear geological difference between the western and the eastern part of the county. The West consists largely of poor elves and is covered with large parts of the extensive Atlantic blanket bog, while the east is largely a limestone landskap.Jordbruksmark is more productive in the East than in the West.

  • The highest point in Mayo (and Connacht) ärMweelrea, at 814 m (2,671 ft)
  • Denfloden Moy in the northeast part of the county is known for its salmon fishing
  • Ireland’s largest island, Achill Island, located off the west coast of Mayo
  • Mayo, Ireland’s highest cliffs vidCroaghaun, Achill Island,  [3]  while Benwee Head Cliffs in Kilcommon Erris drop (270 m) almost perpendicularly 900 feet into the Atlantic Ocean.  [4]  )
  • The northwestern areas of County Mayo has some of the best renewable energy in Europe, if not the world, in terms of wind resources, wave, tidal and hydropower [5] [6] [7]

Local authorities and political subdivisions 


County Council (Irish:  Comhairle Contae Mhaigh Eo  ) is the authority responsible for the municipalities. As a council, it is regulated by the Local Government Act 2001. The county is divided into four municipal areas of Castlebar, Ballina, Clare and the West (an area stretching from Westport to Belmullet). The Council is responsible for housing and community, roads and transport, urban planning and development, parks and culture, and environment. For local elections the county is divided into the four municipal districts, replacing the previous sexlokala choice areas: Ballina (6), Belmullet (4), Castlebar (7), Clare (6), Swinford (4) and Westport (4) .  [8] the county town is  Aras an Contae  in Castlebar main population center is located in the center of the county. For national elections half of Clare municipality is in Galway West and extends from Ashford Castle Ireland West Airport.

The municipality populations are:

  • Ballina 32979
  • castlebar 34000
  • Clare 32469
  • West Mayo 31190

Near Roonagh Quay looking towards Croagh Patrick

There are nine historic baronies, four in the north and five in the southern part of the county:

North Mayo

  • Erris (northwest containing Belmullet, Gweesalia, Bangor Erris, Kilcommon, Ballycroy)
  • Burrishoole (west Mayo containing Achill, Mulranny and Newport, County Mayo)
  • Gallen (East Mayo containing Bonniconlon, Foxford)
  • Tyrawley (northeastern containing Ballina, Ballycastle, Killala)

south Mayo

  • Clan Morris (Southeast – Clare and Balla)
  • Costello (East South East contains Kilkelly Ballyhaunis), etc ..
  • Murrisksydväst containing Port, Louisburgh, Croagh Patrick)
  • Kilmaine (south-containing Ballinrobe, Cong)
  • Carra (south-containing Castlebar, Partry)

The largest towns in County Mayo (2011 Census) 

  1. Castlebar, 12318
  2. Ballina, 11 086
  3. Westport, 6063
  4. Clare, 3979
  5. Ballinrobe3682

Towns and Villages 

Castlebar and Ballina are the two most populous cities in the county, 12,318 in Castlebar is located in the center of the county and 10.361 (11,086 including the environment) in Ballina is located at the northeast corner of the county. These are followed by Westport, which has 5,543 inhabitants and Clare, with a population of 3412 in the 2011 census returns.  [9]

  • Achill Island
  • Attymass
  • Balla
  • Ballindine
  • Ballinrobe
  • Ballintubber
  • Bally
  • Ballycroy
  • Ballyhaunis
  • Ballyglass
  • Ballyvary
  • Bangor Erris
  • Belcarra
  • Belmullet
  • Bohola
  • Bonniconlon
  • Breaffy
  • Carnacon
  • Carracastle
  • Carrowteige
  • Charlestown
  • Cong
  • Corroy
  • Crossmolina
  • Derrew
  • Faulagh
  • Foxford
  • Glengad
  • Glenamoy
  • Gweesalia
  • Inisbiggle
  • Islandeady
  • Irishtown
  • Charcoal
  • Kilkelly
  • Killala
  • Kilmaine
  • Kiltimagh
  • Knock More
  • Knock on
  • Louisburgh
  • Mayo Abbey
  • Mulranny
  • Newport
  • Rossport
  • Shrule
  • Swinford
  • Tourmakeady
  • Turlough

Flora and fauna 

A survey of the land and freshwater algae Clare Island was made between 1990 and 2005 and published in 2007. A list of  Gunnera tinctoria  is also noted.  [10]

Consultants working for the Corrib gas project has conducted extensive surveys of wild flora and fauna in Kilcommon Parish, Erris between 2002 and 2009. This information is published in the Corrib Gas Draft Environmental Impact Assessments in 2009 and 2010.  [11]



County Mayo has a long history and prehistory.  [12]  throughout the county, there is a wealth of archaeological remains from the Neolithic period (about 4,000BC to 2,500BC), especially when it comes megalithic tombs and ritual stone circles.

Megalithic at Faulagh, Erris

The first people who came to Ireland – mainly coastal areas as the interior was heavily forest – arrived during the Middle Stone Age, as long as eleven thousand years ago.  [12] The object of hunter / gatherers sometimes found in middens, garbage pits around the hearths where people would have rested and cooked over the large fireplaces. As rocks erode, Midden-remain the victim as blackened areas containing charred stones, bones and shells. They are usually a meter below the surface. Mesolithic people do not have great rituals associated with funerals, unlike the Neolithic (New Stone Age) period.  [13]

Ceide Fields

The Neolithic period followed Mesolithic about 6000 years ago. People began to cultivate the land, domesticate animals for food and milk, and settle in one place for long periods. The people had the skills to make pottery, build houses of wood, weaving, and knapping (stone tools work). The first farmers cleared forest to graze cattle and grow crops. In North Mayo, where ground cover was flimsy, thin soils washed away and blanket bog covered the land is used by neolithic peoples.

Extensive pre-bog field systems have been discovered under the blanket bog, especially along the north Mayo coast of Erris and northern Tyrawley in places Ceide Fields, centered on the northeastern coast.

The Neolithic people developed rituals associated with burying their dead;that’s why they built large, complex, galleried stone tombs of their dead leader, known today as the megalithic tombs. There are over 160 registered megaliths in County Mayo, such Faulagh.

megalithic tombs 

There are four different types of Irish megalithic Type– court tombs, portal tombs, passage tombs and wedge tombs -examples of all four types can be found in County Mayo.  [14] Areas particularly rich in megalithic tombs include Achill, Kilcommon, Ballyhaunis, Killala and Behy / Glenurla area around Ceide Fields.

The Bronze Age (2500 BC to about 500 BC) 

Megalithic tomb building continued into the Bronze Age, when the metal began working tools alongside stone tools. The Bronze Age lasted from about 4,500 years ago to 2,500 years ago (2,500BC to 500BC). Archaeological remains from this period include stone specializations, stone circles and fulachta fiadh (early cooking sites). They continued to bury their chiefs in megalithic tombs that changed the design during this period, more fuss wedge tomb type and casket funerals.

The Iron Age (500 BC to 500 AD approximately) 

Approximately 2,500 years ago the Iron Age took over from the Bronze Age, as more and more metal took place. This is thought to have coincided with the arrival of the Celtic-speaking peoples and the introduction of the Irish ancestor. Towards the end of this period, the Roman Empire was at its height in the UK but it is not thought that the Roman Empire extended to Ireland to any great extent. Remains from this period, which lasted until the early Christian period began about 325AD (with the arrival of St. Patrick to Ireland as a slave) includes Crannogs (Lake homes), promontory fort, ring forts and Souterrains of which there are many examples across the county. The Iron Age was a time of tribal warfare with king ships, each struggling neighboring kings, vying for control of areas and take slaves. Areas marked by high stone markers, Ogham stones, with the help of the first written word, using the Ogham alphabet .Järnålders is the period during which the stories of the Ulster Cycle and the stories took place. The Táin Bó Flidhais which occurred mainly in Erris sets the scene well.

Early Christian period (325 AD – 800 AD approximately) 

Statue of St. Patrick Aghagower

Christianity came to Ireland around the beginning of the 5th century. It took many changes, including the introduction of writing and recording events.Strain “tuatha” and the new religious settlements were side by side.Sometimes it suited chiefs to become part of the early churches, other times they remain as separate entities. Patrick (4th century AD) may have spent time in County Mayo and it is believed that he spent forty days and forty nights on Croagh Patrick pray for the people of Ireland. From the middle of the 6th century hundreds of small monastery settlements were established around the county.  [15]  Some examples of well-known early monastic sites in Mayo include Mayo Abbey, Aughagower, Ballintubber, Errew, Cong, Killala, Turlough on the outskirts Castlebar, and island settlements outside Mullet Peninsula and the islands Inishkea, Inishglora and Duvillaun.

In 795AD the first of the Viking raids took place. The Vikings came from Scandinavia to raid monasteries as they were places of wealth of precious metal processing takes place in them. Some of the major ecclesiastical settlements erected around the tower to prevent their valuable items looted and also to show their status and strength against these pagan raiders from the north. There are round towers on Aughagower, Balla, Killala, Turlough and Meelick. The Vikings established settlements that later evolved into cities (Dublin, Cork, Wexford, Waterford, etc ..) but no one was in County Mayo. Between the ages of Kings of Connacht, Cathal mac Conchobar mac Taidg (973-1010) and Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair (1106-1156), various tribal areas incorporated into the kingdom of Connacht and controlled by Siol Muirdaig dynasty, originally based on Rathcroghan in County Roscommon, and from c. 1050 at Tuam. The families of O’Malley and O’Dowd Mayo served as admirals of the fleet of Connacht, while families O’Lachtnan, Mac Fhirbhisigh, O’Cleary was ecclesiastical and bardic clans.

Anglo-Normans (12th to 16th centuries) 

From 1169 AD, when one of the warring kings (Dermot MacMurrough) in eastern Ireland appealed to the King of England for help in his fight with a neighboring king, the answer was the arrival of the Anglo-Norman colonization of Ireland. County Mayo came under Norman control in 1235AD. Norman control meant the eclipse of many Gaelic lords and chieftains, principally the O’Connors of Connacht.  [15]  During the 1230s, the Anglo-Normans and Welsh according to Richard Mór de Burgh (c. 1194-1242 invaded and settled in the county, introduce new families as Burke, Gibbons, Staunton, Prendergast, Morris, Joyce Walsh, Barrett, Lynott, Costello, Padden and price, Norman names are still common in County Mayo. After the collapse of domination in the 1330s, all these families became estranged from Anglo -irländska administration based in Dublin and is equivalent to the Gaelic-Irish, adopting their language, religion, dress, laws, customs and culture, and married for Irish families. they “became more Irish than the Irish themselves.”

The most powerful clan to emerge during this time was Mac William Burke, also known as Mac William Iochtar (see Burke Civil War 1333-1338), descended from Sir William Liath de Burgh, who defeated Gaelic-Irish at the Second Battle of Athenry in August 1316. they were often at war with their cousins, Clanricarde of Galway, and in alliance with or against different factions of O’Conor’s Siol Muiredaig and O’Kelly’s of Uí Maine. The O’Donnellär of Tyrconnell regularly invaded in an attempt to secure their right to rule.

Anglo Norman encouraged and established many religious orders from continental Europe to settle in Ireland. Mendicant orders-August, Carmelites, Dominicans and Franciscans started new settlements throughout Ireland, and built great churches, many under the patronage of prominent Gaelic families. Some of these sites include Cong, Strade, Ballintubber, Errew, Burrishoole Abbey and Mayo Abbey.  [16]  During the 15th and 16th centuries, despite periodic conflicts between them as England chopped and changed between the religious beliefs, the Irish usually considered the king of England as their king. When Elizabeth came to the throne in the mid 16th century, the English people, as was customary at the time, followed the religious practices of the reigning monarch and became Protestant. Many Irish Grainne O’Malley, had the famous pirate queen close relations with the British monarchy and the English kings and queens were welcome visitors to the Irish coast. The Irish, however, generally kept their Catholic religious practices and beliefs. The early crop of settlers in Ireland began in the Queen Mary in the middle of the 16th century and continued throughout the long reign of Queen Elizabeth I until 1603. When the term County Mayo  had come into use. In the summer of 1588 the galleons of the Spanish Armada was destroyed by storms along the west coast of Ireland.Some of the unfortunate Spaniards came ashore in Mayo, only to be robbed and imprisoned, and in many cases slaughtered. Almost all religious foundations established by the Anglo-Normans were suppressed in the wake of the Reformation in the 16th century.  [17]

Protestant settlers from Scotland, England, and elsewhere in Ireland, settled in the county in the early 17th century. Many were killed or forced to flee because of the 1641 Rebellion, during which a number of massacres committed avkatolska Gaelic Irish, especially on Shrule in 1642. One third of the total population reported to have died because of war, famine and plague between 1641 and 1653, with several areas remain disturbed and frequented avReparees to the 1670s.

17 and 18 centuries 

Gráinne O’Malley meeting Queen Elizabeth 1

Pirate Queen Gráinne O’Malley is probably the most famous person from County Mayo from the mid-16th to the early 17th century.  [18]  In the 1640s, when Oliver Cromwell overthrew the British monarchy and establish a parliamentary government, hit Ireland seriously. With a strict regimen of absolute control to pay their armies and friends, the need to pay them with grants of land in Ireland led to the “to hell or Connaught policy.  [19]  displaced native Irish families from other (east and south mostly) parts of the country either forced to leave the country, often as slaves, or (if they were well behaved and compliant with the order of the parliamentarians) distributed land “west of the Shannon” and postpone his own country in the east. The land to the west was split and divided between the more and more people as the large estates were granted on the best land in the east to those most pleased the English.  [20]  Mayo does not seem to be affected much during Williamite war in Ireland, although many natives were banned and exiled .

Nephin Mountain, County Mayo

For most people in County Mayo 18th century was a period of unrelieved misery. Because of the criminal laws, Catholics had no hope of social advancement, while they remained in their homeland. Some, like William Brown (1777-1857), left Foxford with his family at the age of nine and thirty years later, was an admiral in the burgeoning Argentine Navy. Today he is a national hero in the country.  [21]

The general unrest in Ireland felt as taut over Mayo and as the 18th century approached, and news reached Ireland of US frihetskrigetoch French revolution, the oppressed Irish, constantly suppressed by government policies and decisions from Dublin and London, began to gather for their own position against English rule in their country. By 1798 the Irish were ready for rebellion. The French came to help the Irish cause. General Humbert, from France landed in Killala with over 1000 officials where they began marching across the county to Castlebar, where there was an English garrison. Take them by surprise Humbert Army vann.Han established a “Republic of Connaught” with a Moore family from Moore Hall near Partry.Humbert’s army marched against Sligo, Leitrim and Longford where they suddenly faced a massive English army and forced to surrender in less than half an hour. The French soldiers were treated honor, but for the Irish handover meant slaughter. Many died on the scaffold in towns like Castlebar and Clare, where the high sheriff County Mayo, the Honourable Denis Browne, MP, brother of Lord Altamont, wreaked a terrible revenge – and thus earning himself the nickname that has survived in folk memory until today “Donnchadh a shout” (Denis ropes).

In the 18th century and early 19th century, sectarian tensions arose evangelical Protestant missionaries tried to “solve the Irish poor from the mistakes Popery”. One of the most famous was the pastor Edward Nangle behalf of Dugort Achill.  [22]  There were also the years of the campaign for Catholic Emancipation and later for the abolition of tithes, a predominantly Catholic population was forced to pay for the upkeep of the clergy of the established ( Protestant) church.

19th and 20th centuries 

During the first years of the 19th century, famine was a common occurrence, especially when population pressure was a problem. The population of Ireland grew to over eight million people before the Irish Famine of 1845-1847 The Irish people depended on the potato crop for their livelihood. The disaster occurred in August 1845 when a killer fungus (later diagnosed as Phytophthora infestans) began destroying the potato crop. When widespread famine struck killed about one million people and another million left the country. People died in the fields from starvation and disease.The disaster was particularly poor in County Mayo, where almost ninety percent of the population dependent on potatoes as their basföda.Av 1848, Mayo County was a total misery and despair, with any attempt to ease measures in complete disarray.  [23]

Michael Davitt

There are many reminders of the great famine seen at the Mayo landscape: Workhouse places, famine graves, places of soup kitchens, abandoned homes and villages and even traces of undug “lazy beds” in the field on the sides of mountains. Many roads and alleys were built as famine relief measures. There were nine workhouses in the county. Ballina, Ballinrobe, Belmullet, Castlebar, Clare, Killala, Newport, Swinford and Westport  [24]

The distribution of iriska1871. Mayo relative remoteness meant that Irish is still widely spoken decades after the Great Famine and is still spoken today in the northwestern part of the county

A poor little place called Knock, County Mayo, made headlines when it was announced that an apparition of the Virgin Mary, St. Joseph and St. John had taken place at the August 21, 1879 was witnessed by fifteen local people.  [25]

A national movement began in County Mayo in 1879 by Michael Davitt, James Daly and others, which led to the biggest social change ever seen in Ireland. Michael Davitt, a worker whose family had moved to England joined forces with Charles Stewart Parnell to win back the land for people from landlords and stop the eviction for nonpayment of rent.  [26]

A new word came into the English language by an incident that occurred in Mayo. An English landlord named Captain Charles Cunningham Boycott was able to get some workers to do something for him, as uncomfortable as he was to them, so he brought in Protestant workers from elsewhere. He spent so much on the security and protection for his harvest cost him a fortune, and although no one in the area would serve him in business, or deal with him. This ostracisation became known as the “boycott” and Captain Boycott was left with no choice but to leave Mayo and take his family with him to England.  [27]

“Land Question” gradually solved through a system of state-supported system for land purchases.  [28]  The tenants became owners of their countries during the recently set hinterland Commission.

A Mayo nun, Mother Agnes Morrogh-Bernard (1842-1932), established Foxford Woollen Mill in 1892. She made Foxford synonymous worldwide with high quality tweeds, rugs and blankets.  [29] [30]  Mayo has remained an essentially countryside to the present.

Mayo in the Annals of Lough Cé 

  • Mac William Burk, ie Edmond, died.
  • A hosting O’Domhnaill, ie Aedh Ruadh, in Lower Connacht and their hostages were received by him; and he took the army of Lower Connacht with him against Mac William Burk; and all went from there to the Clann-Rickard and Machaire riabhach and Baile-a Chlair, ie Mac William urban, burned by them. Mac William and O’Briain came with them, and the son of O’Conchobhair of Corcumruaidh killed by them;O’Domhnaill and went home with triumph.
  • O’hUiginn, ie Brian, the son Ferghal Ruadh, director of schools Erinn and Alba, died this year.
  • Large attic of the year, just after Christmas.
  • The defeat Muaidh given by O’Domhnaill, ie Aedh Ruadh, to foreigners and Gaeidhel in the province of Connacht.
  • Mac Goisdelbh, that John died. (The Annals of the Four Masters  John DUV Mac Costello, Lord Sliabh-Lugha, died, and two men was set up in his place, namely, William, son of Edmond of the Plain, his own brother, and Jordan, the son Philip Mac Costello.  )
  • Maelmuire, son of Tadhg Og O’hUiginn, a prominent poet, died this year.
  • son of Mac William Burk was killed this year near the castle Sligech, that William, son of Rickard, son of Edmond, son of Thomas Burk.
  • O’Dubhda, Dubh, that William, son of Domhnall Ballach died.
  • Large starvation entire Erinn in hoc advertiser.
  • Cormac, son of Domhnall, son of Brian O’hUiginn, violently killed with a shot of an arrow by Clann-Feorais this år.Richard Og, son of Richard O’Cuairsceith, was killed on the same day, ie Wednesday after Pentecost.
  • Domhnall, son of Brian O’hUiginn, tutors in schools Erinn in poetry, died in hoc anno.
  • defeat of Bel-atha-na-ngarbhán given by Rickard Burk and his kinsmen to Mac William Iochtair and Mainechs where Mother Ruaidhri Mac Suibhne killed.
  • A great war between O’Domhnaill, ie Aedh, and O’Neill, ie art, son of Aedh, and a war between O ‘Domhnaill and Mac William Burk, ie Edmond, son of Rickard. O’Domhnaill retains fifteen axes in Tir Conaill, and in the province of Connacht, and Feara-Manach. O’Domhnaill assumes Doire with a small band, and takes palace Bel-in Chlair bordering on Luighne and Gaileng; and he leaves the guards in it, and go back into Tir-Fhiachrach. Mac William Burk marketers his army, and lay siege to the city. And when he heard this O ‘Domhnaill advancing back towards the city, and Mac William leave the place and go to put rules and guards in the castle Eiscir-abhann in Tir Fhiachrach.
  • Eoghan O’Maille killed this year in Tir Boghaine, with crews of three ships.
  • Great depredations were committed by O’Domhnaill in Gailenga which time he burned and plundered the country as far as Cruachan-Gaileng; and O Ruadháin killed there by him, and a great many more with him.
  • A rainy, really wet, summer and harvest this year; it was a hard, tormenting years and years of suffering and disease.
  • A major plague in the beginning of this year in Erinn.Mac William Burk, ie Meiler son Tibbot killed per dolum of sons Seoinín Mother, son Mac Seoinín.William, son of William Mac Siurtán, mortuus est.
  • O’Maille, ie Cormac, son of Eoghan O’Maille, public supporter of hospitality and nobility western Connacht, mortuus est. Domhnall, son of Thomas O’Maille, took his place.
  • Large inclemency of the weather, and mortality of livestock, in the beginning of the year.
  • Large attic of this year, the Friday before Christmas, which threw down a large number of wooden and stone buildings, and several trees; and it broke, especially the monastery Dun-na-nGall; and it shattered and blew away a large number of boats on the sea and land.
  • Castle Ard-na-Riadh was taken by the sons O’Dubhda the son of John Burk, and a war broke out between them and the descendants of Richard Burk, and many depredations and murders committed between them, in hoc anno.
  • Castle Ard-na-Riadh taken by sons Thomas Jar from sons O’Dubhda, at night, in the same way.
  • This year was a sickly, sickly years, where many diseases, viz. A general plague and smallpox, and plague flux, and the bed-distemper, advised överdrivet.Mac David, ie Thomas, son of David, son of Edmond, died in hoc anno. Mac Goisdelbh, that John Dubh, died in hoc anno.
  • Thomas O’hUiginn, ie supervisor of the men of Erinn and Alba in poetry, died in år.Hövding from Lower Connacht, viz., Tadhg Og, son of Tadhg, son of Aedh and Tadhg son of Cathal Og O’Conchobhair and Clann-Donnchadha and sons O’Dubhda, went to the descendants of Richard Burk, on the initiative of bishop Barrett. And herds in the country went ahead of them to Termon of Oiremh and the bishop followed them on Termon and took crews to the army; and restitution was not of them to honor the saint or shrine.
  • Mac Goisdelbh, that John, the son of Like-Dubh, a generous, humane man, and a good captain, was killed by Piers Mac Goisdelbh, and some of the people of Airtech, in hoc anno.
  • A host of O’Domhnaill, ie Maghnus, in Lower Connacht, in the middle month of autumn, which opportunity he destroyed much corn, and burned and passed the Lower Connacht, viz., Tir Fiachrach and Cairbre and two Luighne and Corann, and Tir -Oilella, heading norrut.Och O’hEghra Riabhach city taken by him at that time; and he gave shelter to O’hEghra itself, subject to submit to his authority, and took him away in captivity.

Clans and families

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In the early historical period, what is now County Mayo consisted of a number of great kingdoms, smaller lordships and tribes of obscure origins.They included:

  • Calraige- prehistoric tribe found in parishes Attymass, Kilgarvan, Crossmolina and the River Moy
  • Ciarraige- settlers from Munster found in the southeast around Kiltimagh Mayo and West Roscommon
  • Conmaicne- a people that is located in the barony of Kilmaine claimed descendants of Fergus Mac Róich
  • Gran Domnann- branch of Laigin, originally from the UK, located in Erris
  • Gamanraige- prehistoric kings of Connacht, known for breach of Medb and Ailill of Cruachan Tain Bó Flidhais. Based in Erris, Carrowmore Lake, Killala Bay, Lough Conn
  • Gailenga- realm extends east from Castlebar to adjacent parts of Mayo
  • Uí FiachrachMuidhe – September 1 of Connachta, built around Ballina, some of whom were kings of Connacht
  • Partraige- apparently a pre- Gaelic folk Lough Mask and Lough Carra, namesakes of Partry
  • Ui Mail – kingdom kringClew Bay, east towards Castlebar, its rulers adopted the name O’Malley


The main surname Mayo, according to figures taken from the register of civil-born index of 1890 were:

  1. walsh
  2. Gallagher
  3. kelly
  4. Malley / O’Malley
  5. moraine
  6. Duffy
  7. McHale
  8. Gibbons
  9. Joyce
  10. Connor / O’Connor
  11. Conway
  12. Higgins
  13. Murphy
  14. Burke / Bourke
  15. Reilly / O’Reilly
  16. Gardner
  17. Durkan
  18. Doherty / O’Doherty
  19. McHugh
  20. Sweeney
  21. McManamon

Of these Walsh (Breathnach), Gibbons, Joyce Burke / Bourke are of Anglo-Norman origin. Gallagher and Sweeney / Mac Sweeney was gallowglass clans. Kelly Duffy, Connor / O’Connor, Doherty, Conway, Lyons, Higgins, McHugh, is at home in other parts of Ireland. McAndrew, McNicholas, Malley / O’Malley, Moran, McHale, Mulchrone, Flatley, Gaughan, Reape, Munnelly, Kilbane, Durkan / Durcan are all at home in Mayo.  [31]


historical population

The county has experienced perhaps the highest emigration from Ireland.  Citation needed  ]  In the 1840s-1880s, waves of emigrants left the rural townlands of the county. Initially triggered by famine and then to look for work in the newly industrialized Britain and the United States, the population fell considerably. From 388,887 years in 1841, the population fell to 199,166 in 1901. The population reached a low of 109,525 in 1971 as emigration continued. Emigration slowed as the Irish economy began to grow in the 1990s and early 2000s talet.Följaktligen Mayo’s population increased from 110,713 years 1991 to 130,638 in 2011.

Religion and belief 

According to figures in the 2006 National Census religious demographic breakdown County Mayo was 114.215 Roman Catholics, 2476 Church of Ireland, 733 Muslims, 409 other Christians, 280 Presbyterians, 250 Orthodox Christians, 204 method, 853 other specified religions, 3,267 no religion, and 1152 is not specified religion.


9% of the population of the county lives in Mayo Gaeltacht. Gaeltacht Irish speaking region in County Mayo is the third largest in Ireland with 10.886 inhabitants. Tourmakeady is the largest village in this area. All schools in the area to use Irish as the language of instruction. Irish has seen a surge in Mayo, as well as in other parts of Ireland, with the opening of gaelscoileanna.Mayo has four gaelscoileanna in its four major cities, providing basic education to students through Irish.  [38]



Mayo is well connected by train. Westport train station is the terminus station on the Dublin to Westport Rail service. Stations are also located on Ballyhaunis, Clare, Castlebar Manulla, Ballina and Foxford .All railway stations are located on the same railway line, except Ballina and Foxford which require passengers to change Manulla Junction. There are currently four services in each direction every day on the line.

There are also proposals to reopen the current defunct western railway corridor linking Limerick to Sligo.


There are a number of national primary roads in the county including the N5 road linking Westport to Dublin, the N17 road linking the county of Galway and Sligo and N26 road linking Ballina to Dublin via the N5. There are a number of national secondary roads in the county, also including the N58 road, the road N59, N60 road, the road N83 and N84 road.


Ireland West Airport Knock is an international airport located in the county.The name comes from the nearby village of Knock. During the past few years have seen the airport’s passenger numbers grow to over 650,000 annually with a number of UK and European destinations. August 2014 saw the airport has its busiest month on record with 102.774 passengers using the airport.

Tourist attractions

Cliffs along the Atlantic coast in County Mayo, near Ballymena

  • Achill Island
  • Ashford Castle
  • Ballintubber Abbey
  • Blacksod lighthouse
  • Broadhaven Bay
  • Burrishoole Abbey
  • Ceide Fields
  • Clare Island
  • Clew Bay
  • Croagh Patrick
  • Eagle Island lighthouse
  • Erris
  • Faulagh
  • Joyce Country
  • Killala Bay
  • Knock Shrine
  • List of designated very scenic views
  • Lough Mask
  • Mayo Peace Park
  • Moore Hall
  • Mullet Peninsula
  • Murrisk Abbey
  • Museum of Country Life
  • Nephin
  • Partry Mountains
  • Rockfleet Castle
  • Sruwaddacon Bay
  • Tourmakeady
  • Westport House


Newspapers in the county include  the Mayo News  , The  Connaught Telegraph  , the  Connacht Tribune  ,  Western people  , and  to the Mayo Advertiser  , who is Mayo single free newspaper.  [39]  Mayo has its own online TV channel  Mayo TV launched in 2011. It includes news and events from all over the county and regularly transmits live to a worldwide audience. Local radio stations include  Community Radio Castlebar  , Westport Community Radio and  MWR  (Mid West Radio). The documentary  Pipe Down  , which won best documentary at the 2009 Waterford Film Festival, was made in Mayo.  [40]


Energy controversy 

Main articles: Corrib gas project and the Corrib gas controversy

“Justice” (for the Rossport 5) moved in Ros Dumhach hay field

There is local opposition to Shell’s decision to process raw gas from the Corrib gas field in the onshore terminal. In 2005, five local men in prison for contempt of court after refusing to follow an Irish court. Subsequent protests against the project led to the Shell to Sea and related promotions.

energy audit 

Mayo Energy Analysis 2009-2020 is a study on the impact of peak oil and subsequent fossil fuel depletion for a rural county in the west of Ireland. The study draws together many different threads to investigate the current energy supply and demand in the field of study and assess these demands in the face of the challenges of declining production of fossil fuels and anticipated disruptions in supply chains and long-term economic recession. [41] [42] [43]


Croke Park equipped Mayo colors 2004 2004 All-Ireland Senior Football Final

The Mayo GAA men’s team last won the Sam Maguire Cup in 1951, when the team was led by Seán Flanagan. The Mayo team is currently one of the best teams in Ireland. Their All-Ireland final appearances since have been 1989, 1996 (draw and replay), 1997, 2004, 2006, 2012 and 2013.  [44]  They also won the Sam Maguire Cup in 1936 and 1950. The team’s unofficial supporters club is Mayo Club ’51, named after the last team that won the Sam Maguire.The County Mayo GAA colors are traditionally green and red.  [45]


Philip Gaughan – (1865-1913) The first Irish American to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor during the Spanish-American War

  • Richard Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo- Viceroy of India from 1869 to 1872.
  • Browne family
  • Admiral William Brown (1777-1857) – born in Foxford, founder of the Argentine Navy.
  • Patrick Browne (1720-1790) – physician and botanist of Jamaica.
  • Frank Carter American serial killer.
  • Brian Rua U’Cearbhain- 17th century prophet from Erris.
  • Willie Corduff- winner of the Goldman Environmental Prize
  • Jerry Cowley- GP noting.
  • Michael Davitt- founder of the Land League, was born in Mayo. Achill bridge is named after him as well Castlebar local high school (Davitt College).
  • Richard Douthwaite- economist and advocate of Westport
  • Frank Durkan- New York City human rights attorney best known for representing many members of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA), including declared gun-runners and central North American member of the IRA George Harrison, who stood trial and was acquitted, in 1982, Desmond Mackin – accused of shooting a British soldier.
  • Earl of Mayo (Bourke).
  • Michael Feeney, MBE – founder of the Mayo Peace Park.
  • Seán Flanagan (1922- 1993) – senior Fianna Fáil politicians and Gaelic football. He served under Taoiseach Jack Lynch Health (1966-1969) and Minister of Lands (1969-1973).
  • Adrian FLANELLIKNANDE- Irish Radio Network host from in 1970.
  • Flidais- heroine of the Ulster Cycle Erris legend of Tain Bó Flidhais.
  • James Owen Hannay akaGeorge A. Birmingham – author of such novels about County Mayo  seething pot  (1905) and  Hyacinth  (1906).
  • Kevin Glynn (industrial designer) – Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts.
  • John Healy- author and journalist (1930-1991).
  • Only Kenny- politician, leader of Fine Gael since 2002 and Prime Minister of Ireland (2011-present).
  • Tommy Langan (23 September 1921-22 September 1974) is considered the greatest Gaelic football full ahead of time.
  • Marquis of Sligo (Browne)
  • Ciarán McDonald- Gaelic footballer.
  • John McDonnell (born July 2, 1938) – Athletics coach. He has won several national championships (42) than any coach in any sport in the history of American collegiate athletics.
  • Paul O’Dwyer- president of the New York City Council, prominent New York human rights lawyer, supporters of Irish nationalism and defense of several Irish Republican Army armed men from deportation, including “The Fort Worth Five” and Vincent Conlon.
  • William O’Dwyer- mayor of New York from 1946 to 1950.
  • Bernard O’Hara (b 1945) – Irish historian.
  • Gráinne O’Malley- 16th century pirate queen and prince O’Malley clan, also known as Granuaile.
  • Pat Rabbitte, former leader of the Labour Party was born in Woodstock near Ballindine.
  • Ian O’Reilly (born in Moore Hall, 1999) – Actor Sky1 in the hit TV Show “Moone Boy ‘
  • Michael ring- Fine Gael politician.
  • Mary Robinson (born in Ballina, 1944) – the first female president of Ireland (1990-1997), and the United shögkommissarie for human rights.
  • Martin Sheridan (born Bohola, 1881-1918), five-time Olympic gold medalist, with a total of nine Olympic medals
  • Aoibhinn Ní Shúilleabháin (born Carnacon 1983) – winner of the 2005 Rose of Tralee contest. She is the 47th Rose and the first from County Mayo.
  • John Solon- member of the Wisconsin State Assembly.
  • Frank Stagg- Irish Republican Army. Hunger striker.
  • Jimmy Walsh Born 22 September 1885 in Killala was an outfielder in Major League Baseball .Won World Series with the Boston Red Sox in 1916
  • Louis Walsh (born August 5, 1952) – Pop music manager.

See also

  • Achill
  • castlebar transmitter
  • Connaught Irish
  • List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Mayo)
  • List of Lough in County Mayo
  • List of mountains and hills in County Mayo
  • List of rivers of County Mayo
  • List of roads in County Mayo
  • Louis Walsh
  • Mayo College
  • County Council
  • Táin Bó Flidhais
  • Westport House
  • Westport
  • Lord Lieutenant of Mayo
  • High Sheriff of Mayo
  • Wild Atlantic Way


  1. Jump up ^ “statistical tables Census 2011 – city and country” (PDF).Central Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
  2. Jump up ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186-191.
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  4. Jump up ^ Ordnance Survey Ireland, 2012
  5. Jump up ^ “Analysis of the potential economic benefits of the development of Ocean Energy in Ireland” (PDF). Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland. August 2004. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
  6. Jump up ^ “Belmullet Wave Energy Test Site”. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
  7. Jump up ^ “Ocean Energy Roadmap 2050” (PDF). Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland. October 2010. Hämtad26 April 2013.
  8. Jump up ^ “2009 Local Elections – Mayo County Council” Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  9. Jump up ^ “Population and Actual and percentage changes in 2006 and 2011 by the Electoral Division year and statistics”. Census 2011 reports.Retrieved 26 April 2013.
  10. Jump up ^ Guiry, MD, John, DM, Rindi, and F. McCarthy, TK, eds.(2007)  New Survey of Clare Island. Volume 6 :. Fresh water and land Algiers Royal Irish Academy ISBN 978-1-904890-31-7
  11. Jump up ^ From the latest EIS in June 2010 Click “Additional Information”. Then select “Volume 2 of 3 Appendices Books 1-6” then select “Volume 2 Book 3 of 6” there will be eleven comprehensive tomes manage wildlife, marine, freshwater and land flora and fauna in a small area of Kilcommon parish.
  12. ^ Jump up to: ab  “Comhairle Contae Mhaigh Eo Archaeological Overview”. Pulled 04/26/2013.
  13. Jump up ^ “Travel with us through the history of Ireland”. Pulled 04/26/2013.
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  15. ^ Jump up to: ab  “County Mayo: A draft History by Bernard O’Hara and Nollaig Ó’Muraíle”. Pulled 04/26/2013.
  16. Jump up ^ “University of Duisburg-Essen: Languages of Ireland”. Pulled 04/26/2013.
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  31. Jump up ^ principal surname Mayo  , Nollaig O Muraile in  Mayo aspects of its heritage  , p. 83, edited by Bernard O’Hara, 1982)
  32. Jump up ^ For the 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  33. Jump up ^ Census of post 1821 figures.
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  36. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  37. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review.  37  (4) :. 473-488 doi: 1111 / j.1468 -0289.1984.tb00344.x.
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