County Galway (Irish: Contae na Gaillimhe ) is a municipality in Ireland. In the west of Ireland, is part of the province of Connacht, and is named after the city of Galway. There are flerairländska speaking areas in the western part of the county. The population of the county is 258,552 according to the 2016 census.  Although it is named after the city of Galway, another authority governing this area. The county real administered by Galway County Council.
The first inhabitants of the Galway area came over 7000 years ago. Shell middens indicates that there are people as early as 5000 BC.
The county originally comprised several kingdoms and territories which predate the formation of the county. These kingdoms included Aidhne, Uí Maine, Maigh Seola, Conmhaícne Mara, Soghain and Máenmaige. County Galway became an official body around 1569 AD. In modern times, a number of inhabited islands is also administered by the county; these include Oileain Arann (Aran Islands) and Inis Bó Fine (Inishbofin).
With the arrival of Christianity many monasteries were built in the county.Kloster kept written records of events in the area and its folk.Dessa was followed by a number of legislators writings, genealogy, annals and various accounts. Extant manuscript containing references to Galway include:
Almost 20% of the population of the county lives in Galway Gaeltacht (Gaelic-speaking areas). County Galway is home to the largest Gaeltacht Irish speaking region in Ireland. There are over 48,907 people living in this area that stretches from Galway west through Connemara. The region consists of the following Irish-speaking areas, Galway City Gaeltacht, Gaeltacht Cois Fharraige, Thea Conamara, Aran Islands and Duiche Sheoigheach.
All schools in the Gaeltacht Irish use for teaching. There is also a third level constituent College of NUIG called Acadamh na hOllscolaíochta Gaeilge in Carraroe and Carna. Spiddal is the largest city in the region. Galway is also home to Ireland only Irish-language theater Taibhdhearc na Gaillimhe.There is a strong Irish-language media presence in this area, which boasts the radio station Raidió na Gaeltachta ochFoinse newspaper in Carraroe and the national television station TG4 in Baile na hAbhann. The Aran Islands are also part of Galway Gaeltacht.
There are about 30,000 to 40,000 Irish speakers in County Galway. According to the census of 2011, Galway City and County Gaeltacht has a population of 48,907, of which 30,978 say they can speak Irish, the 23,788 classified as native Irish speakers while 7190 speak Irish daily just in the classroom. There are 3006 involved the ten Gaelscoil (Irish language primary school) and three Gaelcholáiste (Irish language secondary schools) outside the Galway Gaeltacht.  According to the Irish census of 2006, there are 10,788 in the county who identify themselves as daily Irish speakers outside the education system.
Local governments and politics
Prior to adoption of the Local Government Act 2001, the county was a whole despite the presence of two local authorities. [ Citation needed ] Since then, the administrative reorganization reduced geographic scope of the county of the extent of the area covered by Galway City Council. Today is confined to the area covered by the geographic scope of the County Galway County Council.Each municipality is ranked as the first level local administrative units NUTS 3 western region of Eurostat purposes. There are 34 LAU 1 units in Ireland.The mission Galway County Council includes some suburbs of the city is not within the remit of Galway City Council. Both local authorities are responsible for certain local services such as sanitation, planning and development, libraries, collection of motor taxation, local roads and social housing.
The county is part of the North West constituency for the purpose of European elections. For elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is part of three constituencies: Galway East Galway West and Roscommon Galway.Together returned 11 deputies (TDs) to the Dáil.
A view of the karst landscape on Inishmore, Dun Aengus, an ancient stone fort.
County Galway is home to the Na Beanna beola (Twelve Bens) mountain range, Na Sléibhte Mhám Toirc (the Maum Turk Mountains), and the low mountains of Sliabh Echtghe (Slieve Aughty). The highest point in the county is one of the Twelve Bens, Benbaun, at the 729th
County Galway is partly home to a number of Ireland’s largest lakes including Lough Corrib (the largest lake in Ireland), Lough Derg and Lough Mask. The county is also home to a large number of smaller lakes, many of which are in the Connemara region. These include Lough Anaserd, Ardderry Lough, Aughrusbeg Lough, Ballycuirke Lough, Ballynahinch Lake, Lough Bofin, Lough Cutra, Derryclare Lough, Lough Fee, Glendollagh Lough, Lough Glenicmurrin, Lough Inagh, Kylemore Lough, Lettercraffroe Lough, Maumeen Lough, Lough Nafooey, Lough Rea, Ross Lake and Lough Shin Dilla.
The location of County Galway, which lies on the west coast of Ireland, makes it possible to directly influenced by the Gulf Stream. Extreme temperatures are rare and short-lived, but inland areas, especially east of the Corrib, boasts some of the highest recorded temperatures in the summer on the island of Ireland (sometimes more than 30 ° C); if these temperatures takes place only when the soil warms east winds sweep the area; opposite effect may occur in winter. But overall, Galway is mainly influenced by the Atlantic air currents that cause heavy precipitation in the fleeting sunshine.Rainfall occurs in each month of the year, though late autumn and winter months can be particularly wet as Atlantic cyclone activity increases and passes over and around the area, and that is why Galway tend to bear the brunt of the severe storms that can occur between August and March. The county, on average receives about 1,300 mm of rain per year, although some areas along the west coast of the county can get up to 1900mm and beyond.Extreme weather such as snowstorms, thunderstorms, flash floods and hail, but rare, and occurs especially when air masses of continental origin undercut by more humid and unstable Atlantic flows.
Flora and fauna
One of the least densely populated counties, County Galway is home to a variety of animals. The region’s biological diversity represented the best of Connemara, situated in the western part of the county.
The largest settlements in County Galway (2011 Census)
- Galway , 76.778
- Tuam, 8242
- Ballinasloe , 6659
- Loughrea , 5062
- Oranmore , 4799
See also: Sports in Galway
Gaelic games are the most popular sport in the county. Galway had the traditional areas where Gaelic football and hurling are played. For example, in southern and eastern County Galway, in places like Portumna, Gort, Clarinbridge and Athenry, hurling is the dominant sport with successful teams at county and national level. Most of the rest of the county is considered footballing territory, with most of the county’s players are from Tuam, Oughterard or parts of Galway city.
Galway United FC compete in SSE Aitricity League of Ireland and plays home games at Eamonn Deacy Park.
Connacht Rugby competes in Pro12 is based in Galway city. The two most important amateur rugby clubs in the county Galway Corinthians RFC and Galwegians RFC competing in the All-Ireland League.
Towns and Villages
- It ävenAhascragh
- Corr na Mona
- Maam Cross
- New Inn
- Tully Cross
- Connacht Irish
- Galway East (Dáil Éireann constituency)
- Galway West (Dáil Éireann constituency)
- GALWAY GAA
- List of monasteries house in Ireland (County Galway)
- Joyce Country
- Lord Lieutenant of Galway
- High Sheriff of County Galway
- High Sheriff of Galway Town
- Western Railway Corridor
- Wild Atlantic Way
- Jump up ^ 2006 Census – Population in each Province, County and City
- Hoppa upp ^ “Irish Medium Education in Ireland in Pale, 2010-2011” (PDF) (på iriska). gaelscoileanna.ie. 2011. Hämtat 9 januari 2012.
- Jump up ^ For the 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
- Jump up ^ Census of post 1821 figures.
- Jump up ^ http://www.histpop.org
- Jump up ^ NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (c) in 2013. Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk (2010-09-27). Retrieved on 23/07/2013.
- Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
- Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468 -0289.1984.tb00344.x.
- Historia Galway , James Hardiman , 1820
- Education in the Diocese of Kilmachduagh in the nineteenth century , Sr.Mary de Lourdes Fahy, Convent of Mercy, Gort, 1972
- Anglo Normans and their castle in County Galway , Patrick Holland, pp 1-26 in. Galway: History and Society , 1996. ISBN 0-906602-75-0
- From the Warlords to landlords: political and social change in Galway 1540-1640 , Bernadette Cunningham, pages 97-130 in. Galway: History and Society , 1996. ISBN 0-906602-75-0
- The policy of “Protestant ascendency”: County Galway 1650-1832 , James Kelly, in Galway: History and Society , 1996. ISBN 0-906602-75-0
- Galway tribes Landowners and Gentry , Patrick Melville, pp 319-370, in.Galway: History and Society , 1996. ISBN 0-906602-75-0
- Galway Irish Manuscripts Scribes 1700-1900 , William Mahon, pp 623-250, in. Galway: Historia och Samhälle , 1996. ISBN 0-906602-75-0
- Early Eccleiastical settlement names in County Galway , Dónall Mac Giolla Easpaig, pp 795-816, in. Galway: History and Society , 1996. ISBN 0-906602-75-0