County Fermanagh (/ f ər m æ n ə / fər- ma -nə , from Irish: Fir Manach orFear Manach meaning “men of Manach”) is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland. The county has an area of 1691 sq km (653 sq mi) and has a population of about 61,805. [5] Enniskillen is the county seat and largest in both size and population. Fermanagh is also one of the six counties of Northern Ireland and is located within the historical province of Ulster.

Fermanagh is one of four counties in Northern Ireland to have a majority of the population from a Catholic background, according to the census of 2011.

Geography

Fermanagh County Tyrone is bordered to the northeast, County Monaghan to the southeast, County Cavan to the west, County Leitrim in the west and the northwest county of Donegal. The county town, Enniskillen, is the largest settlement in Fermanagh, situated in the center of the county.

It is mainly in rural areas and are largely in the basin of the River Erne. It is dominated by two connected lakes: Upper and Lower Lough Erne and, including water, spanning an area of 1851 km ² (715 sq, m). [6] It is approximately 120 km (75 mi) from Belfast and 160 km ( 99 mi) from Dublin.

Fermanagh accounting for 13.2% of the land mass in Northern Ireland and 30% of Fermanagh is covered with lakes and streams.

History

The Annals of Ulster, covering medieval Ireland from AD 431 to AD 1540 was written on Belle Isle on Lough Erne near Lisbellaw.

Fermanagh was a stronghold of the Maguire clan and Donn Carrach Maguire (died 1302) was the first of the heads of Maguire dynasty. But if land confiscation concerns Hugh Maguire, Fermanagh were awarded in a similar way as the other five counties escheated among Scottish and English undertakers and native Irish. The baronies of Knockninny and Magheraboy awarded Scottish funeral, the Clan Kelly, Magherastephana ochLurg into English funerary and Clanawley, Coole and Tyrkennedy for servants and natives. The most important families of the benefit under the new settlement were families Cole, Blennerhasset, Butler, Hume, and Dunbar.

Fermanagh made into a county by law Elizabeth I, but it was not until the time of the Plantation of Ulster, it was finally taken over the civilian government.

The closure of all lines in the Great Northern Railway (Ireland) in County Fermanagh in 1957, the county as the first non-island county in the UK without rail service.

Administration

Fermanagh is part of Fermanagh and South Tyrone parliamentary constituency, known for high levels of voting [ citation needed ] and for selecting the Provisional IRA hunger-striker Bobby Sandssom Member of Parliament for Fermanagh and South Tyrone election, April 1981, shortly before his död.Fermanagh District Council used to be the only one of 26 district councils in Northern Ireland that contained all of the county was named after. After the reorganization of local government in 2015, Fermanagh was still the only county entirely within a council area, namely Fermanagh and Omagh District Council.

Industry and Tourism

Agriculture and tourism are two of the main industries in Fermanagh. The most common types of farms in the area are beef, dairy, sheep, pigs and some chickens. The bulk of agricultural land used as pasture for grazing and silage or hay rather than for other crops.

The waterways are widely used by cabin boats and other small pleasure boats and anglers. The largest city in Fermanagh is Enniskillen ( Inis Ceithleann’- “Ceithleann’- island”). The island city hosts a variety of attractions, including the castle CooleEstate and Enniskillen Castle, which is home to the Museum of the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards.

Attractions outside Enniskillen include:

  • Belleek ceramics
  • Castle Archdale
  • Crom Estate
  • Devenish Island
  • Florence Court
  • Marble Arch Caves

settlements

big Cities

(population of 18,000 or more and 75,000 at the 2001 census) [13]

  • No

Medium cities

(population of 10,000 or more and 18,000 at the 2001 census) [13]

  • Ennis

Small towns

(population of 4,500 or more and 10,000 at the 2001 census) [13]

  • No

Between settlements

(population of 2250 or more and in 4500 at the 2001 census) [13]

  • Lisnaskea

villages

(population of 1,000 or more and for 2250 at the 2001 census) [13]

  • Ballinamallard
  • Irvinestown
  • Lisbellaw

Small villages and hamlets

(population of less than 1,000 at the 2001 census) [13]

  • Belcoo
  • Bellanaleck
  • Belleek
  • boho
  • Brookeborough
  • Derrygonnelly
  • Derrylin
  • Ederney
  • Garrison
  • Kesh
  • Maguiresbridge
  • Newtownbutler
  • Rosslea
  • Teemore
  • Time

subdivisions

baronies

Baronies of County Fermanagh in Northern Ireland with civil parish boundaries

Main article: baronies Ireland

  • Clanawley
  • Clankelly
  • cool
  • Knockninny
  • Lurg
  • Magheraboy
  • Magherastephana
  • Tirkennedy

weekend

Main article: List of civil parishes in County Fermanagh

townlands

Main article: List of townlands in County Fermanagh

Media

newspapers

  • Den Fermanagh Herald
  • Reporter impartiality

Sport

Fermanagh born Goalkeeper Roy Carroll plays with Derby County.

Main article: Fermanagh GAA

Fermanagh GAA has never won a senior provincial or All-Ireland title in some Gaelic games.

Only Ballinamallard United FC participate in the Northern Ireland football league system. All other Fermanagh clubs playing in Fermanagh & Western FA league system. Fermanagh Mallards FC played in the Women’s Premier League 2013. The famous footballer of Fermanagh include Roy Carroll, Harry Chatton, Barry Owens and Kyle Lafferty.

Notable people

Famous people born, raised in or live in Fermanagh. (See Appendix in alphabetical order.)

  • John Armstrong (1717-1795), born in Fermanagh, Major General in the Continental Army and delegates of the Continental Congressman [14]
  • Samuel Beckett (1906-1989), author and playwright (trained in Portora Royal School)
  • Denis Parsons Burkitt (1911-1993), physician – discoverer of Burkitt’s lymphoma
  • Roy Carroll (1977-), association football player
  • Edward Cooney (1867-1960), evangelist and early leader of Cooneyite and Go-Preachers
  • Brian D’Arcy (1945-), CP Passionist priest and media personality
  • Brendan Dolan (1973-), professional darts player for PDC
  • Adrian Dunbar (1958-), actor
  • Neil Hannon (1970), musician
  • Robert Kerr (1882-1963), athlete and Olympic gold medalist
  • Kyle Lafferty (1987-), Northern Ireland International Association footballer
  • Charles Lawson (1959-), actor (playing Jim McDonald in Coronation Street)
  • Francis Little (1822-1890), född i Fermanagh, Wisconsin State Senator
  • Terence MacManus (c. 1823-1861), leader of the Young Irelander Rebellion 1848
  • Michael Magner (1840-1897), recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Peter McGinnity Gaelic footballer, Fermanagh first winner of an All Star Award.
  • Martin McGrath Gaelic Football All Star winner.
  • Ciarán McMenamin (1975-), actor
  • Barry Owens Gaelic footballer, two-time All-Star winner.
  • Sean Quinn (1947-), entrepreneur
  • Michael Sleavon (1826-1902), recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Joan Trimble (1915-2000), pianist and composer
  • Oscar Wilde (1854-1900), author and playwright (trained in Portora Royal School)
  • Gordon Wilson (1927-1995), peace campaigner and Irish senator

Surname

The most common surnames in County Fermanagh at the time of the United Kingdom Census 1901: [15] [ ? Unreliable source ]

  • 1. Maguire
  • 2. McManus
  • 3. Johnston
  • 4. Armstrong
  • 5. Gallagher
  • 6. Elliott
  • 7. Murphy
  • 8. Reilly
  • 9. Cassidy
  • 10. Wilson

See also

  • Kloster och priories i Nordirland (County Fermanagh)
  • Slott i County Fermanagh
  • Extreme Points in the United Kingdom
  • High Sheriff of Fermanagh
  • List of parishes in County Fermanagh
  • List of places in County Fermanagh
  • List of townlands in County Fermanagh
  • Lord Lieutenant of Fermanagh
  • People from County Fermanagh
  • Silver band i County Fermanagh

Notes

  1. Jump up ^ “Background information on the Northern Ireland community – Population and Vital Statistics”. Cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  2. Jump up ^ “North-South Ministerial Council: 2004 annual report Ulster Scots” (PDF). Northsouthministerialcouncil.org. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  3. Jump up ^ “Tourism Ireland: Yierly 2007 ‘. Tourismireland.com.Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  4. Jump up ^ “Dungannon & South Tyrone Borough Council”.Dungannon.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  5. Jump up ^ [1] [ dead link ]
  6. Jump up ^ “County Fermanagh – definition of County Fermanagh in the free dictionary.” Thefreedictionary.com. Pulled 08/17/2016.
  7. Jump up ^ For the 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  8. Jump up ^ “Statistics: 2011 Census”. Cso.ie. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  9. Jump up ^ “Histpop – Online Historical Population Reports website.”Histpop.org. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  10. Jump up ^ “NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency”.Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  11. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  12. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Smooth, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  13. ^ Jump up to: abcdef “Statistical Classification of settlements”. NI Neighbourhood Information Service. Retrieved 23 February 2009.
  14. Jump up ^ who was who in America historical volume, 1607-1896.Chicago: Marquis Who’s Who. In 1963.
  15. Jump up ^ “Fermanagh Genealogy resources and Parish Register |Ulster “. Forebears.co.uk. Pulled 17/08/2016

References

  • Clogher Record
  • “Fermanagh” A Dictionary of British ortnamn. AD Mills. Oxford University Press, 2003. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Nordirland allmänna bibliotek. 25 juli 2007
  • “Fermanagh” Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Library Edition. 25 juli 2007 < http://library.eb.co.uk/eb/article-9034047 >.
  • Fermanagh: its particular landscape: a study of the Fermanagh countryside and its heritage / Ministry of the Environment for Northern Ireland. – Belfast: HMSO, 1991 ISBN 0-337-08276-6
  • Livingstone, Peadar. – The Fermanagh story: a documented history of County Fermanagh from the earliest times to the present day – Enniskillen: Cumann Seanchais Chlochair in 1969.
  • Lowe, Henry N. – County Fermanagh 100 år sedan: en guide och katalog 1880. – Belfast: Friar Bush Press, 1990. ISBN 0-946872-29-5
  • Parke, William K. – en Fermanagh barndom. Derrygonnelly, Co Fermanagh: Friar Bush Press, 1988. ISBN 0-946872-12-0
  • impartiality Reporter
  • Fermanagh Herald