Armagh  (named after its county town, Armagh) is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland and one of the 32 traditional counties of Ireland, located in the northeastern part of ön.Gränsar to the southern shore of Lough Neagh, covering the county an area of 1326 sq.km.  [4]  and has a population of about 174,792. It is in the historical province of Ulster. Armagh is known as the “Orchard County” because of its many apple orchards.  [5]

Etymology

The name “Armagh” is derived from the Irish word  Ard  means “height” and Macha  , together meaning “height” (or high place) and Macha. Macha mentioned in  The Book of the Taking of Ireland  , and is also said to have been responsible for the construction of the hill place Emain Macha (now Navan Fort near Armagh City) to serve as the capital of Ulaid kings (who give their name to the Ulster), also thought to be Macha’s  height  .

Geography and Features

From its highest point at Slieve Gullion, in the southern part of the county falls Armagh land away from its rugged south with Carrigatuke, Lislea and Camlough mountains, the rolling drumlin country in the center and west of the county, and finally the plains in the north where rolling flats and small hills reaching the sea at Lough Neagh.

County Armagh’s border with Louth is characterized by rugged Ring of Gullion rising in the southern part of the county, while a large part of its border with Monaghan and down goes unnoticed with seamless continuation of drumlins and small lakes. The Blackwater River marks the border with County Tyrone and Lough Neagh otherwise marks out the county’s northern border.

There are also a number of uninhabited islands in the county’s portion of Lough Neagh: Coney Island Flat, Croaghan Flat, Padian, Phil Roe flat and shallow flat.

Climate

Despite being located in the east of Ireland, Armagh has an oceanic climate is strongly influenced by the Gulf Stream with damp mild winters, and temperate, humid summers. Generally, the temperature rarely drops below freezing during the daytime, but the frost is not uncommon in the months of November to February. Snow is rarely longer than a few hours, even in the elevated southeastern länet.Somrarna is mild and humid, and even with sunshine often interspersed with showers, daylight lasts for nearly 18 hours during high summer.

History

The main Irish SEPTS in the county were descendants of the Collas, the O’Hanlons and MacCanns and Uí Neill, the O’Neills of Fews. Armagh into several baronies: Armagh held by O’Rogans, lower Fews held by O’Neill in Fews and upper Fews was under the control of O’Larkins, later moved by MacCanns. Oneilland East was territory O’Garveys, also displaced by MacCanns. Oneilland West, who Oneilland East, was once O’Neill territory, until then held by MacCanns, who were Lords of Clanbrassil. Upper and Lower Orior was O’Hanlon territory. Tiranny ruled by Ronaghan. Various country ruled by O’Kelaghan. The area around the base of Slieve Guillion near Newry was also home to a large number of McGuinness clan as the outcasts of hereditary countries held in County Armagh was the territory Down.Ancient Ulaid (also known as Voluntii, Ultonians, Ulidians, Ulstermen) before the fourth century . It was ruled by the Red Branch, whose capital was Emain Macha (or Navan Fort) near Armagh. Place, and then the city was named after the goddess Macha. Red Branch plays an important role in Ulster Cycle, such as cattle Raid of Cooley. But they were eventually driven out of the area of the three Collas, who invaded in the 4th century and held power until the 12th. Clan Colla ruled the area known Airghialla or Oriel for these 800 years.

Armagh was the seat of St. Patrick, and the Catholic Church continues to be his view. Armagh is currently one of four counties in Northern Ireland to have a majority of the population from a Catholic background, according to the census of 2011.

troubles

The southern part of the county has been a stronghold of support for the IRA, earning it the nickname “Bandit Country” but this is generally regarded as untrue media label that has resulted in slander and demonization of the local community.  [13]  South Armagh is predominantly nationalist , with most of the population opposed to any form of British presence, especially of a military nature. See Provisional IRA South Armagh Brigade for further information.

On 10 March 2009 CIRA claimed responsibility for the fatal shooting of a PSNI officer in Craigavon, County Armagh the first police deaths in Northern Ireland since 1998. The officer fatally shot by a sniper when he and a colleague looked “suspicious activity” at a house in nearby when a window was smashed by youths causing the occupants to call the police. The PSNI officials answered emergency calls, providing a CIRA sniper opportunity to shoot and kill officer Stephen Carroll.  [14] [15] 

Administration

County Armagh is no longer used as a management area for municipal purposes, however, still officially used for purposes such as Lieutenancy area – the county retains a lord lieutenant acting as representative of the British monarch in the county.  [16]

County Armagh ceased to function as a municipal entity in 1973. Currently, the county is covered for municipal purposes by four district councils, namely Armagh City and District Council, most of Craigavon, roughly the western third of Newry and Mourne District Council and part of Dungannon and South Tyrone Borough Council , centered on Peatlands Park.

With the proposed reform of local authorities in Northern Ireland in 2011, County Armagh would have covered part of two new council areas, Armagh City and Bann District and Newry City and down; However, the reform is not gone yet.

Armagh ceased to function as a constituency in 1983 but is still the core of Newry and Armagh constituency represented at Westminster and the Newry and Armagh constituency represented in the Northern Ireland Assembly.County Armagh also remain as a district for legal and real estate purposes;But its baronies no longer has any administrative use.

The -XZ suffixes are used today in vehicle registration plates for vehicles registered in County Armagh.

settlements

Main article: List of places in County Armagh

cities(population of 18,000 or more and 75,000 at the 2001 census)  [17]

  • Newry (also part of the settlement is in County Down)
  • Craig, include:
    • Lurgan
    • Portadown

means towns

(population of 10,000 or more and 18,000 at the 2001 census)  [17]

  • Armagh (the town charter)

small towns

(population of 4,500 or more and 10,000 at the 2001 census)  [17]

  • No

intermediate regulations

(population of 2250 or more and in 4500 at the 2001 census)  [17]

  • Bessbrook
  • Keady
  • Rich Hill
  • Tandragee

villages

(population of 1,000 or more and for 2250 at the 2001 census)  [17]

  • Crossmaglen
  • Market Hill
  • Mullavilly / Laurelvale
  • Poyntzpass (part of the settlement is in County Down)
Small villages and hamlets(population of less than 1,000 at the 2001 census)  [17]

  • acting on
  • Annaghmore
  • Anna Hugh
  • Aughanduff
  • Ardress
  • Ballymacnab
  • Bann Foot
  • Belleeks
  • Blackwater Town
  • BLEARY
  • Broomhill
  • Camlough
  • Clonmore
  • Charlemont
  • Cladymore
  • Creggan
  • Cullaville
  • Cullyhanna
  • Darkley
  • Derryadd
  • Derryhale
  • Derrymacash
  • Derrymore
  • Derrynoose
  • Derrytrasna
  • Dorsey
  • Dromintee
  • Drumnacanvy
  • Edenaveys
  • Forkill
  • Hamiltonsbawn
  • Jonesborough
  • Killean
  • Killylea
  • Kilmore
  • Lislea
  • Lisnadill
  • Loughgall
  • Loughgilly
  • Madden
  • Maghery
  • Meigh
  • Middletown
  • Milford
  • Mount Norris
  • Mullaghbawn
  • Mullaghbrack
  • Mullaghglass
  • Newtownhamilton
  • Street Scotch
  • silver Bridge
  • Tartaraghan
  • Tynan
  • Whitecross

sub

baronies

The baronies of County Armagh (1900)

Main article: baronies Ireland

  • Armagh
  • Lower fews
  • Upper fews
  • Oneilland East
  • Oneilland West
  • Lower Orior
  • Upper Orior
  • Tiranny

Helge

Main article: List of civil parishes in County Armagh

townlands

Main article: List of townlands in County Armagh

Transport

County Armagh is crossed by two major motorways – the M1 connecting Belfast to Dungannon crosses the northern part of the county, while the A1 / N1 from Belfast to Dublin in the long run sydost.Armagh has many local roads connecting settlements in the county.

Armagh once had a well-developed network of connections, including Armagh City, Culloville, Goraghwood, Market Hill, Verner Bridge, Tynan (see History of rail transport in Ireland) but today only Newry (Bessbrook), Portadown, Poyntzpass, Scarva and Lurgan served by railway.

There is a possible re-opening the railway from Portadown Railway Station Armagh railway station in the future.  [18]  Minister of the Department of Regional Development, Danny Kennedy MLA indicates the railway restoration plans in line from Portadown Armagh.  [19]

Ulsterbus provides the most comprehensive public transport in the county, including frequent bus service daily from most cities in Belfast. Northern Ireland Railways / Iarnród Éireann’s Enterprise service provides connections to Dublin in just over an hour and Belfast for some forty minutes, several times a day.

inland waterways

County Armagh is crossed by the Ulster Canal and the Newry Canal that is not fully open to navigation.

Sports

In conjunction football, NIFL Premiership has that serves as the top division, two teams in the county: Glenavon FC and Portadown FC, with Annagh United Armagh City FC, Doll Hastings Town FC, Loughgall FC and Lurgan Celtic FC competes in NIFL Championship, which serves as the levels two and three.

The Armagh County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association or  Armagh GAA  organizes Gaelic games in the county.

People associated with County Armagh

See main article  : People from County Armagh

  • Frank Aiken (1898-1983), born in County Armagh, Irish Republican, Irish Foreign Minister, Tánaiste
  • Saint Benignus Armagh, (d. 467), first principal Cathedral School in Armagh and the Bishop of Armagh
  • Brian Boru (941-1014), buried in Armagh City, winner of Clontarf, högkung
  • George Buchanan Armstrong (1822-1871), born in County Armagh, developed the new system for sorting mail on trains in the US  [20]
  • Sir Robert Hart (1835-1911), born in County Armagh, others Inspector General of the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs Service (IMCS) 1863-1911
  • Arthur Hunter Palmer (1819-1898), born in County Armagh, 5th Premier of Queensland
  • Samuel Knox (1756-1832), born in County Armagh, Presbyterian clergyman, headmaster, and author.  [21]
  • Tommy Makem (1932-2007), born in County Armagh, singer, musician, songwriter, often called “The Bard of Armagh”.
  • Seamus Mallon (1936-), born in County Armagh, first deputy First Minister in Northern Ireland
  • Colin Morgan (1986-), born in County Armagh, actor
  • Paul Muldoon (1951-), born in County Armagh, poet, winner of the Pulitzer Prize for poetry and TS Eliot Prize
  • Tomás Ó Fiaich (1923-1990), born in County Armagh, Cardinal (Catholicism), Catholic Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland from 1977 to 1990
  • Eunan O’Neill (1982), born in County Armagh, journalist,  Russia Today
  • Sir William Olpherts (1822-1902), born in County Armagh, soldier and recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Ian Paisley (1926- 2014), was born in County Armagh, priest, politician, second Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
  • Saint Patrick (fifth century), the first bishop of Armagh
  • Connor Phillips (1981-), born in County Armagh, radio, TV presenter and DJ
  • George William Russell “AE (1867-1919), born in County Armagh, writer, critic and painter
  • Robert Stewart (1759-1822), educated at The Royal School, Armagh.British Foreign Minister, secretary of war, the leader of the British House of Commons and the Chief Secretary for Ireland
  • Colin Turkington (1982), born in Portadown, County Armagh, professional race driver and 2009 British Touring Car champion.
  • James Ussher (1581-1656), Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland, 1625-1656
  • Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley (1760-1842), educated at The Royal School, Armagh. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and India’s Governor General

Tourist attractions

  • Armagh Observatory, which was founded in 1790 and the Armagh Planetarium, a modern working astronomical research institute with a rich heritage
  • Armagh Public Library on Abbey Street in Armagh City, particularly rich in 17th and 18th century English books, including Dean Jonathan Swift’s own copy of the first edition of his  Gulliver’s Travels  with his manuscript corrections
  • Navan Fort, now a tree-ring hill once housed the rulers of Ulster with contemporary interactive visitor center
  • Saint Patrick’s Church of Ireland Cathedral, founded in 445, the seat of the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh, Primate of all Ireland, which contains the tomb of Brian Boru
  • Saint Patrick’s Roman Catholic Cathedral, started in 1838, is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Armagh, Primate of all Ireland, on a hill and dominates the local countryside
  • Gosford Castle, mock medieval 19th-century castle with large grounds
  • Slieve Gullion, extinct volcano with a crater lake, the highest burial cairn in Ireland, view over 9 counties, with the visitor center at its feet
  • Bagel Bean, Armagh most famous breakfast and lunch spot. Found in two places in the small town center. Founded 10 years ago in the Lower English Street and also now open on Market Street.

Surname

The most common surnames in County Armagh at the time of the United Kingdom Census 1901,  [22]  by order of incidence:

  • 1. Murphy
  • 2. Hughes
  • 3. Wilson
  • 4. McCann
  • 5. Kelly
  • 6. Quinn
  • 7. Donnelly
  • 8. Campbell
  • 9. Robinson
  • 10. Johnston

Gallery

  • View of Slieve Gullion
  • The Enterprise näraNewry
  • South Armagh rural
  • Forkhill Mountain
  • Emain Macha
  • Moyry Castle
  • Killnasaggart Stone, 700 AD
  • Patrick’s Anglican Cathedral, est. 445
  • Armagh City
  • The small town of Market Hill
  • Clare Glen Forest, Tandragee
  • approach tillCrossmaglen
  • Knock Bridge near Portadown to Newry Canal
  • Gosford Castle, off Market Hill

See also

  • references abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland (County Armagh)
  • List of Irish counties by area
  • List of Irish counties by population
  • Lord Lieutenant of Armagh
  • High Sheriff Armagh
  1. Jump up ^ Census figures no longer released detailing yields County but rather parliamentary constituency, Municipal District Electoral Ward and exit. This figure is based on a compilation of all persons residing in Titles include County Armagh April 29, 2001, ie all electoral wards in Newry and Armagh parliamentary constituency (minus Mary, St. Patrick and Windsor Hill from County Down) in combination with 17 departments in Upper Bann parliamentary constituency from County Armagh (ie Derrytrasna, birches, bleary, Drumgask, Taghnevan, court , Annagh, Brown, Ballybay, Ballyoran, Corcrain, Edenderry, Killycomain, Kernan, Drumgor, Mourneview church Knocknashane, Park Lane, Wood, Drumnamoe and Tavanagh).  “Area Profiles”. Northern Ireland Neighbourhood Information Service. Hämtadskrevs 8 August of 2008.
  2. Jump up ^ Tourism Ireland: 2007 Annual report of the Ulster Scots
  3. Jump up ^ North-South Ministerial Council: Annual Report 2006 in Ulster Scots
  4. Jump up ^ [1] County Armagh, Surface
  5. Jump up ^ your place and mine – Armagh
  6. Jump up ^  “Met Office”. Retrieved 4 October of 2008.  [ Dead link  ]
  7. Jump up ^ For the 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  8. Jump up ^ Census of post 1821 figures.
  9. Jump up ^ http://www.histpop.org
  10. Jump up ^ NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (c) in 2013. Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk (27 September 2010). Retrieved July 23, 2013.
  11. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  12. Jump up ^  Mokyr, Joel; O Smooth, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review.  37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  13. Jump up ^  “The myth of the bandit country”. Armagh: Iarchimi Ard Mhacha Thea. May 16, 2014. Retrieved May 16, 2014.
  14. Jump up ^  “Continuity IRA shot dead officer.” London: BBC News. 10 March 2009. Retrieved 10 March 2009.
  15. Jump up ^  “Continuity IRA claims PSNI murder”. RTE News and Current Affairs. 10 March 2009. Archived from the original 11 March 2009. Retrieved 10 March 2009.
  16. Jump up ^ See Northern Ireland (Lieutenancy) Order 1975 (SI 1975 No 156)
  17. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f “Statistical Classification of settlements”. NI Neighbourhood Information Service. Retrieved 23 February 2009.
  18. Jump up ^ The Ulster Gazette. May 16, 2013
  19. Jump up ^  “Kennedy hopes of Armagh line restoration – Portadown Times.” Retrieved 21 August, 2013.
  20. Jump up ^  who was who in America historical volume, 1607-1896.Marquis Who’s Who. In 1963.
  21. Jump up ^ Ibid .
  22. Jump up ^ The most common surnames in Armagh