County Monaghan (/ m ə h n ʌ ən / mouth -ə-hən Irish: Contae Mhuineacháin ) is a municipality in Ireland. It’s part of the border area and in the province of Ulster. It is named after the town of Monaghan. Monaghan County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county is 60,483 according to the census of 2011.
Geography and political subdivisions
Monaghan is the fifth-smallest of the republic’s 26 counties in area and the fourth smallest by population.  It is the smallest of the nine Ulster counties in the size and also the smallest in terms of population.
Main article: baronies Ireland
- Cremorne (Irish: Crioch Mhúrn )
- Dartree (Irish: Dartraighe )
- Farney (Irish: Fearnaigh )
- Monaghan (Irish: Muineachán )
- Trough (Irish: An Triúcha )
Civil parishes and townlands
Main articles: List of civil parishes in County Monaghan and List of townlands in County Monaghan
Towns and Villages
- The largest towns in County Monaghan (2011 census) Ballinode
- Scots House
- Three Mile House
- Monaghan = 7452
2. Carrickmacross = 4925
3. Castleblayney = 3,634
4th Clones = 1761
5 = 1461 Ballybay
Notes mountains include Slieve Beagh (on Tyrone and Fermanagh borders), Mullyash Mountain and Coolberrin Hill (214 m, 702 ft). Lakes include Lough Avaghon, Dromore Lough, Drumlona Lough, Lough Egish, Emy Lough, Lough Fea, Inner Lough (in Dartrey Forest), Muckno Lough and Lough white.Notable rivers are river Fane (along the border Louth), the river Glyde (along Louth and Meath limits), the Ulster Blackwater (along the border Tyrone) and Dromore River (along the border Cavan connecting Cootehill Ballybay).
Monaghan has a number of forests, including Rossmore Forest, Dartrey Forest and Dun Na Rí Forest Park. Managed by Coillte since 1988, most of the trees are conifers. Because of a long history of intensive agriculture and the recent intensive forestry, only small pockets of native woodland remain.
The Finn Bridge is a border crossing point of the River Finn County Fermanagh. It is close to Scots House.
Clones Round Tower
Lead was formerly quarried in County Monaghan. Mines comprises Annaglogh Lead Mines and Lisdrumgormley Lead Mines.
In 1585, the English lord deputy of Ireland, Sir John Perrot, visited the area and met the Irish chieftains. They requested that the Ulster divided into counties and land in the kingdom Airgíalla allocated to each of the McMahon chiefs. A commission was formed to accomplish this and County Monaghan came to. County is divided into five baronies: Farney, Cremorne Dartrey, Monaghan and Truagh, which was under the control of McKenna chiefs.
After the defeat of the uprising Hugh O’Neill, O’Neill and the Ulster chiefs in 1603, the county was not planted as the other counties of Ulster. The countries were instead left in the hands of the native chiefs. The Irish rebellion in 1641 in McMahons and their allies joined the general uprising Irish Catholics. After their defeat, any colonization of the county was of Scottish and English families.
County Monaghan crossed by the late Ulster canal, but Waterways Ireland initiates a system to open the channel from Lough Erne to Clones.
Local governments and politics
|2014 Irish local elections
Monaghan County Council
Main article: Monaghan County Council
Monaghan is divided into four local electoral areas: Carrickmacross, Castleblayney, Clones and Monaghan.
The towns of Ballybay, Carrickmacross, Castleblayney, Clones and Monaghan are represented by nine members of City Council  which deals with local issues such as the provision of tools and dwellings.
For the purposes of elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is part of the Cavan-Monaghan constituency who chooses five TDs.  In the 2011 general election, there was a voter turnout of 72.7%. 
For the European elections, the county is part of the North West constituency (formerly Connacht-Ulster).
Politically the county to be a stronghold of Sinn Féin (left wing) which is the largest party in the county, followed by Fine Gael (bourgeois).
Culture and Architecture
County Monaghan is the birthplace of poet and writer Patrick Kavanagh, who based much of his work in the county. Kavanagh is one of the most significant figures in 20th century Irish poetry. The poems “Stony Grey Soil” and “Shancoduff” refers to the county.
Monaghan has produced several successful artists. Chief among these is George Collie (1904-1975), who was born in Carrickmacross and trained at the Dublin Metropolitan School of Art. He was a prolific exhibitor at the Royal Hibernian Academy throughout their life and are represented by works in the collection of the National Gallery of Ireland and Ulster Museum.
Monaghan was also the home county of the Irish writer Sir Shane Leslie (1885-1971), 3rd Baronet of Glaslough, who lived at Castle Leslie in the northeast corner of the county. A Catholic convert, Irish nationalist and first cousin of Winston Churchill, the British Prime Minister, Leslie became a major literary figure in the early 1900s. He was a close friend of many politicians and writers today, including the American author F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940), who devoted his second novel, The Beautiful and Damned , Leslie.
Monaghan County Museum is recognized as one of the leading regional museums in Ireland, with a Council of Europe Award (1980), among other things, to his credit. Located in Hill Street, Monaghan Town museum aims to reflect the history Co. Monaghan and its people in all its richness and diversity.
The best of the county’s architecture developed in Georgian and Victorian periods, and extends from the worthy public spaces in the Church Square and Diamond Monaghan Town to the great country house Lough Fea, Carrickmacross; Hilton Park, Clones and Castle Leslie, Glaslough.
Significant church buildings include St. Joseph’s Roman Catholic Church, Carrickmacross, which houses a set of glass paintings by Irish artist Harry Clarke (1889-1931); the Gothic Revival Patrick’s Church of Ireland, Monaghan town; and the impressive St Macartan’s Roman Catholic Cathedral, Monaghan town, by JJ McCarthy (1817-1882).
Sheet people Monaghan
Literature and Scholarship
- Patrick Kavanagh (October 21, 1904 – November 30, 1967) -. Poet 
- Patrick McCabe – author and member of Aosdána. Born in 1955.
- Eugene McCabe – Playwright, novelist and screenwriter. Born in 1930, lives in Clones.
- Sir Shane Leslie, 3rd Bt (1885-1971) – Writer and political activist, 3rd Baronet of Glaslough and first cousin of Sir Winston Churchill. Stayed at Castle Leslie.
- Evelyn Shirley (1812-1882) – Writer and antiquarian. Resident of Lough Fea House near Carrickmacross.
- John Robert Gregg (1867-1948) -. Pioneer of modern shorthand writing
- Sir Tyrone Guthrie (1900-1971) – Writer, theater director and founder of the Tyrone Guthrie Center. Born in Royal Tunbridge Wells, his grandmother was from Newbliss. He settled on Annaghmakerrig House Co. Monaghan late in his life.
- Evelyn Conlon – Author and member of Aosdána. Born in 1952.
Politics and military
- Andrew, 11th Baron Blayney (1770-1834) – prominent military commander with the British Army, particularly during the Napoleonic Wars. Also had Castleblayney, his estate town, built in the early nineteenth century.
- Sir Charles Gavan Duffy (12 April 1816 – February 9, 1903) – Irish nationalist and Australian politician who served as prime minister in the colony of Victoria. Born in Monaghan town. 
- Joseph Finegan – (17 November 1814 – 29 October 1885) Confederate General and the victor at the Battle of Olustee
- Francis Fitzpatrick (1859-1933) – the recipient of the Victoria Cross
- General Eoin O’Duffy (October 20, 1892 – November 30, 1944) – by returning the Chief of Staff of the Irish Republican Army, the Commissioner of An Garda Síochána and the leaders of the Blue Shirts and Fine Gael. He was also commander of the Irish Brigade in the Spanish Civil War. Born near Castleblayney. 
- Juan Mackenna (1771-1814) – Military hero of the Chilean War of Independence and Co-Liberator of Chile.
- Dr. Heber MacMahon, Lord Bishop of Clogher – Catholic prelate who also served as a military commander for the “Confederation of Kilkenny” during the 1640s. He invited the battle of Scarrifholis, close to Letterkenny in 1650. Bishop MacMahon was born in Inishkeen.
- Sir William Whitla (1851-1933) – Doctors and politicians.
- Thomas Taggart (1856-1929) – US senator and mayor of Indianapolis.
- Charles Davis Lucas (1834-1914) – Born in Armagh which was the very first recipient of the Victoria Cross. Living for a time at Castle Shane.
- Fergal O’Hanlon (1936-1957) – IRA volunteer, was killed during the campaign limit.
- Thomas Hughes (1885-1942) – Soldier and recipient of the Victoria Cross.
- Patricia McKenna – former member. Born in 1957.
- Dr. Rory O’Hanlon – Politician, former Ceann Comhairle and former Cabinet Minister. Born 1934th
- David Nelson – recipient of the Victoria Cross
- Dame Mary Bailey (1890-1960) – Famed aviator who was the daughter of The 5th Baron Rossmore and wife of Sir Abe Bailey, the South African “Rand Lord.”
- Barry McGuigan – World Boxing Champion 1985. Born in Clones 28 February 1960. 
- Tommy Bowe – Rugby Union player, born in Monaghan town on February 22, 1984. 
- James Cecil Parke (1881-1946) – tennis and rugby players. Olympic silver medalist in tennis, two times winner of Wimbledon Mixed Doubles title and Australian men’s singles title winner. The captain of the Irish rugby team. Born iClones.
- Kevin McBride – Olympic Boxer. Born in Clones in 1973.
- John McKenna (1855-1936), the first manager of Liverpool Football Club together with WE Barclay.
- John Cummins, born in 1948, Ballybay. The family moved to Northampton in England when he was eight. Moved to the United States when he was twenty three-and became known in auto racing circles.Winning five regional championships, he also was co hosted a radio show in Washington, DC, as well as being a speaker at various events around the United States. He is currently involved in the performance car preparation and motorsport safety.
- Jonathan Douglas – former Leeds United and Swindon player. Now playing for Brentford in west London. Jonathan Douglas is from clones.
Music and entertainment
- “Big Tom” McBride – Country singer. Born in Moy near Castleblayney 18 September 1936. 
- Oliver Callan – satirist and mimic, born in the county in December 1980.
- The shortcomings – Indie Rock Band from Carrickmacross.
- Ryan Sheridan – singer and guitarist
- Gráinne Duffy Gráinne Duffy Band. Musicians – Blues / rock guitarist and singer / songwriter from Castleblaney.
- Caitriona Balfe – Fashion model and actress, born in 1979. She currently stars in the Outlander .
- Ardal O’Hanlon – actor and comedian. Born 1965th
- Charlene McKenna – Actress. Born in 1984.
- Aoibhinn Mc Ginnity – Actress. Born, 1986.
- Alexander Williams (1846-1930) – artist, born in Monaghan town.
- George Collie (1904-1975) – artist, born in Carrickmacross. 
- Dr. John Darley (1799-1884) – Church of Ireland, Lord Bishop of Kilmore, Elphin and Ardagh, 1874-1884.
- George Jeffreys (1889-1962) – Welsh founder of the Elim Pentecostal Church, which was first founded in Monaghan town in 1915. The movement now has some 9,000 churches around the world.
See also: List of twin town in Ireland
County Monaghan is twinned with the following places:
- Geel , Flanders, Belgium
- Prince Edward Island , Canada
- Miramichi , New Brunswick, Canada
- Peterborough , Ontario, Canada
- List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Monaghan)
- Lord Lieutenant of Monaghan
- High Sheriff of Monaghan
- Jump up ^ “County Monaghan.” Central Bureau of Statistics . 2011.
- Jump up ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186-191.
- Jump up ^ for post 1821 numbers, 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865, for a discussion of his accuracy of pre-famine census return see JJ Lee “On the accuracy of the Pre -svält Irish bills Irish population, economy and society, edited by JM Gold Strom and LA Clarkson (1981) P54, and also in New developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850 by Joel Mokyr and Cormac O Grada in the economic history of Review, New Series, vol. 37, No. 4 (November 1984), pp. 473-488.
- Jump up ^  Filed August 29, 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- Jump up ^ “2009 Local Elections – Details electoral area”. Retrieved 27 May 2010.
- Jump up ^  – Election 2011 Cavan-Monaghan
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- Jump up ^ Cowan, Leslie. “John Robert Gregg: A Biography.” Oxford: The Pre Press, 1984, p. 11.
- Jump up ^ Joy E. Parnaby (1972). “Duffy, Sir Charles Gavan (1816-1903)”. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press.Retrieved November 10, 2009.
- Jump up ^ “GEN. Eoin O’Duffy (1892 -1944) “. Cumann na nGaedhael history. Collins 22 Society. Retrieved November 10, 2009.
- Jump up ^ “Barry McGuigan.” BoxRec.com Boxing Encyclopedia.Retrieved November 10, 2009.
- Jump up ^ “Tommy Bowe 2009 British and Irish Lions Squad Profile”.Retrieved November 10, 2009.
- Jump up ^ “Big Tom”. BBC Music. BBC. Retrieved November 10, 2009.
- Jump up ^ Chris true. “Biography: Monaghan Mimic”. All music .Retrieved November 10, 2009.
- Jump up ^ Snoddy, Theo. “Dictionary of Irish artists, 20th Century”.Dublin: Wolf Press, 1996.