County Down (named after its county town, Downpatrick)   is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland, situated in the northeastern part of the island of Ireland. Bordering on the southeastern shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 2448 km ² (945 sq mi) and has a population of about 531,665. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland and is within the province of Ulster.
The county archaically called Downshire . It borders County Antrim to the north, the Irish Sea to the east and south, County Armagh to the west, and County Louth Carlingford Lough to the southwest. In the eastern part of the county is Strangford Lough and the Ards Peninsula. The largest town is Bangor, on the northeast coast. Three other major cities are on its edge: Newryligger on the western border with County Armagh, while Lisburn and Belfast is located on the northern border with County Antrim. Down contains both the southernmost point of Northern Ireland (Cranfield Point) and the easternmost point of Ireland (Burr Point).
It is currently one of only two counties in Ireland to have a majority of the population from a Protestant background, according to the census of 2001.The other is County Antrim in the north. The largest religion in South Down, however, Catholicism.
Down contains two major peninsulas: Ards Peninsula and Lecale peninsula.
The county has a coastline along Belfast Lough to the north and Carlingford Lough to the south (both of which have access to the sea). Strangford Lough lies between the Ards Peninsula and fastlandet.Down also a part of the shores of Lough Neagh. Less loughs include Lough Island Reavy.
The Lagan forms most of the border with County Antrim. The River Bann also flows through the southwestern areas of the county. Other rivers are Clanrye and Quoile.
There are several islands off the Down coast: Mew Island, Light House Island and Copeland Islands, all located north of the Ards peninsula. Gunn Island is located off Lecale kusten.Dessutom are a large number of small islands in Strangford Lough.
County Down is where, to quote the famous song by Percy French “Mountains of Mourne sweep down to the sea,” and the granite Mourne Mountains continue to be known for its skönhet.Slieve Donard, at 849 m (2785 ft), is the highest top of the Mournes in Northern Ireland and the province of Ulster. Another important peak is Slieve Croob, at 534 m (1,752 ft), source of the River Lagan.
- An area of County Down is called Bronte Homeland (located between Banbridge and Rathfriland, where Patrick Brontë had his church), after Patrick Brontë (originally Brunty), father of Anne, Charlotte, Emily and Branwell. Patrick Bronte was born in this region.
- The town of Newry in the southern part of the county includes St. Patrick’s (Church of Ireland, 1578), overlooking the city center of Church Street, on the east side of the city, considered to be Ireland’s first ever Protestant church. [ Quote necessary ] the Newry Canal is also the first summit-level canal ever built in the British Isles.
- Downtown is also home to Exploris, Northern Ireland aquarium, located in Portaferry, on the shore of Strangford Lough, Ards peninsula.
- The Old Inn in Crawfordsburn is one of Ireland’s oldest hostelries, with records dating back to 1614. However, it is preceded by the Donaghadee Grace Neill’s, which opened in 1611. The old inn argue that people who have lived include Jonathan Swift, Dick Turpin, Peter the great, Lord Tennyson, Charles Dickens, Anthony Trollope, the former US President George HW Bush, and CS Lewis, who honeymooned there. 
- Scrabo Tower, Newtownards, was built as a memorial to Charles Stewart, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry.
- Saint Patrick is said to be buried in Down Cathedral in Downpatrick, said along St. Brigid [ citation needed ] and St. Columba [ citation needed ] .
- Saul County Down (from the Irish: Sabhall means “children”) – where Saint Patrick said his first communion in Ireland
A steam train påjärnvägsDownPatrick and County Down Traveling through Ulster drumlin belt near Downpatrick.
During Williamite war in Ireland (1689-1691) County was a center of Protestant rebellion against the rule of the Catholic James II. After forming a scratch force Protestants defeated avirländska army at Break of Dromore and forced to retreat, leading to the full Down covered Jacobite control. Later that year, Marshal Schomberg’s big Williamite expedition arrived in Belfast Lough and captured Bangor. After laying siege to Carrickfergus Schomberg marsche south Dundalk Camp clearing County Down and much of the rest of eastern Ulster of Jacobite troops.
(population of 75,000 or more at the 2001 census)  Cities
- Belfast – eastern suburbs of the city lies partly in County Down but mainly County Antrim
- Lisburn – the eastern suburbs of the city lies partly in County Down but mainly County Antrim
- Newry – the eastern suburbs of the city lies partly in County Down but mainly County Armagh
(population of 18,000 or more and 75,000 at the 2001 census) 
(population of 10,000 or more and 18,000 at the 2001 census) 
(population of 4,500 or more and 10,000 at the 2001 census) 
|Between settlements(population of 2250 or more and in 4500 at the 2001 census) 
(population of 1,000 or more and for 2250 at the 2001 census) 
- Helens Bay
|Small villages and hamlets(population of less than 1,000 at the 2001 census) 
- Cabra, County Down
Main article: Barony (Ireland)
- Ards Lower (from Irish: Aird )
- Upper ards
- Lower Castlereagh
- Upper Castlereagh
- Dufferin (from Irish: Duifrian )
- Iveagh Lower Bottom half (from Irish: Uibh Eachach )
- Lower Iveagh, upper half
- Iveagh upper, lower half
- Iveagh upper, upper half
- Kinelarty (from Irish: Cineál Fhártaigh )
- Lecale Lower (from Irish: Leath Cathail )
- Upper Lecale
- Lordshipen Newry
- Mourne (from Irish: Múrna )
Main article: List of civil parishes in County Down
Main article: List of townlands in County Down
The compound football
In conjunction football, NIFL Premiership has that serves as the top division, a team in the county: Warren Town FC, with Ards FC Banbridge Town FC, Bangor FC and Lisburn Distillery FC competes in NIFL Championship, which serves as levels two and three.
The Down County Board administers Gaelic games in the county. Downstairs is the most successful team north of the border in terms of All-Ireland Senior Football Championship won by five in total. As for the parts Ulster honor with Cavan also has 5 titles. They currently have four minor All Ireland titles (1977, 1987, 1999 and 2005), Twelve Ulster titles (1959, 1960, 1961, 1963, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1971, 1978, 1981, 1991, 1994) and one below 21 all Ireland title (1979).
County Down is also home to the No.1 ranked golf course outside the United States, according to Today’s Golfer , Royal County Down, which is located in Newcastle.
Currently ranked the No.1 golfer in the world, Rory McIlroy comes from Holywood, located in the northern part of the county.
“Star of the County Down” is a popular Irish ballad.
The county is named in the lyrics “Around The World”, from the film Around the World in 80 Days , which was a US top ten hit for Bing Crosby and UK top ten hit for Ronnie Hilton, both in 1957, although it was Mantovani instrumental version actually used in the film. Rihanna’s video “We Found Love” was filmed there in 2011. [ citation needed ]
The Northern Irish singer Van Morrison has referred to County Down in the lyrics to several songs including “Northern Muse (Solid Ground)”, “Mystic of the East” and the nostalgic “Coney Island” as the name of several places and landmarks in the Shire.
21st century railways
- Northern Ireland Railways
- Downpatrick and County Down Railway
- Belfast and County Down Railway
- Great Northern Railway Irland
- Kloster och priories i Nordirland (County Down)
- List of places in County Down
- Lord Lieutenant of Down
- High Sheriff of Down
- Jump up ^ 2008 Annual Ulster Scots North-South Ministerial Council.
- Jump up ^ Annual Report in Ulster Scots the 2006 North-South Ministerial Council.
- Jump up ^ Taylor, Isaac. The names and their stories . Rivingtons, 1898. p.111
- Hoppa upp ^ Lewis, Samuel. A topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837); “Look Down”.
- Jump up ^ Bangor Old Inn website
- Jump up ^ For the 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
- Jump up ^ Census of post 1821 figures.
- Jump up ^ org
- Jump up ^ gov.uk
- Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
- Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Smooth, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.
- ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g “Statistical Classification of settlements”. NI Neighbourhood Information Service. Taken 23 februari2009.