University College Cork – National University of Ireland, Cork ( UCC )  (Irish: Coláiste na hOllscoile Corcaigh ) is a constituent university of the National University of Ireland .Universitetet located in Cork.
The University was founded in 1845 as one of three Queen’s Colleges in Belfast, Cork and Galway.  It became University College, Cork, under the law Irish universities by 1908. University Act in 1997 was named the university as the National University of Ireland, Cork, and a ministerial decree of 1998, was named the university as University College Cork – National University of Ireland, Cork,  although there continues to be almost universally known as University College Cork.
Among other rankings and honors, received the university named Irish University of the Year by the Sunday Times on four occasions; latest 2015/2016.  In 2015, the UCC was also named as the most successful universities of the European Commission-funded U-Multirank, which is based on getting the highest number of “A”, (21 of 28 points) among a field of 1200 to some universities.  the UCC also became the first university to achieve the ISO 50001 standard in energy conservation in 2011.
Dr. Michael B. Murphy has been the president of the university since February 2007. 
“Long Hall” and the bell tower of the UCC quadrangle
Queen’s College, Cork, founded by the provisions of an act that enabled Queen Victoria to provide new schools for the “Advancement of Learning in Ireland”. According to the authority of this Act, the three schools in Belfast, Cork and Galway were incorporated on December 30 1845. The college opened in 1849 with 23 professors and 181 students and a year later became part of the Queen’s University of Ireland.
The original site chosen for the college was appropriate because it is believed to have been related to the patron saint of Cork, Saint Finbarr. His monastery and school of learning were close to Gill Abbey Rock and mill attached to the monastery is believed to have stood on the shore of the southern channel of the River Lee, which runs through the College lower grounds. This compound is also reflected in the College’s motto “Where Finbarr taught Let Munster Learn” which is also the motto of the University.
The site, adjacent to the Abbey Gill, overlooked the valley of the River Lee. It was bought for £ 2,560 in 1846. [ citation needed ] The Tudor Gothic quadrangle and early campus buildings were designed and built by Sir Thomas Deane (1792-1871) and Benjamin Woodward (1816-1861).
Queen’s College Cork officially opened its doors in 1849. In the coming years, “College” acquired a reputation for excellence in various fields, including mathematics, medicine and the humanities. [ Citation needed ] Additional buildings were added later, including the medical / Windle Construction .
In the following century, the Irish Universities Act (1908) formed the National University of Ireland, which is composed of three constituent colleges of Dublin, Cork and Galway, and the University was given the status of a college College, Cork . Universities Act, 1997, made the college a constituent University of the National University and made the inaugural university a university for all purposes except the award of diplomas which remains the sole responsibility of the National University.
Today the university has over 18,000 students, of which there are over 12,000 undergraduate degree candidates.  The student base is supported by 2747 employees, of which 762 are teachers. There are 1153 non academic staff and 832 researchers. 
The university is one of Ireland’s leading research institutes, with the highest research income in the state.  The university’s internal research reputation spans all their faculties where it offers over 120 degree and professional programs through seven schools and 27 departments. The university had seven faculties in Arts and Celtic Studies, Commerce, Engineering, Food Science and Technology, Law, Medicine and Science. In recent years, [ ? When ] the university has been restructured so that it now has four colleges: Arts, Celtic Studies and Social Sciences; Business and Law;Medicine and health; and science, technology and food science.
UCC is home to the Irish Institute of Chinese Studies, which enables students to study Chinese culture and language through art and commerce. The department won the European Award for Languages, 2008. 
The number of students, over 18,000 in 2012, increased significantly from the end of the 1980s, precipitating the expansion of the campus through the acquisition of adjacent land and buildings. The expansion continued with the opening of the Alfred O’Rahilly building at the end of 1990, Cavanagh Pharmacy building, the Brookfield Health Sciences center, the extended Áras na MacLéinn (Devere Hall), the Lewis Glucksman Gallery 2004 Experience UCC (Visitors’ Centre) and an extension the Boole Library – named after the first professor of mathematics at UCC, George Boole, who developed algebra that would later make computer programming possible.The university also closed Western Gateway Building in 2009 on the site of the former Cork Greyhound track on the western route as well as major renovations to the Tyndall Institute buildings at Lee Maltings Complex.
The University has a number of related companies including: Cytrea,  , which is involved in pharmaceutical formulations, Firecomms,  an ICT company focusing on optical communications; Digestive Health  a biotechnology healthcare companies; Biosensia  which is developing integrated microsystems analytical chips, Sensl developer of low light sensors and imaging systems; Luxcel  involved in the development of probes and sensors for the pharmaceutical and food industries; and Optical Metrology Innovations  , which develops laser metrology systems.
The college was involved in some controversy in 2006 when an academic, Professor Des Clarke argued that the university authorities were guilty of financial mismanagement, and called for a full independent inquiry into governance. The subsequent investigation found that there was no evidence of financial mismanagement.
Also in 2006, the university reopened Observatory Crawford, a structure built in 1880 on the grounds of the University of Sir Howard Grubb. Grubb, son of Grubb telescope building family in Dublin, designed and built the observatory astronomical instruments for the structure. The university paid for an extensive restoration and conservation program of the building and the three main telescope, Equatorial, and Sidereostatic Transit Circle telescope. 
In October 2008, the governing body of the University announced that the UCC would be the first institution in Ireland to use embryonic stem cells in research. 
In November 2009, the UCC many buildings damaged by unprecedented floods.  The floods also affected other parts of Cork city, with many students evacuated from the accommodation. College authorities postponed academic activities for a week,  and announced that it would take until 2010 before all flood damaged property would be repaired. A great scene of the injury was the newly opened Western Gateway Building, the main auditorium will require a complete rebuild just a few months after the opening of classes. 
From 2015, the university has planned a number of celebrated designer of the mathematician, philosopher and logician George Boole -. UCC’s first professor of mathematics  
University College Cork has been ranked by several assessment bodies, including as “Irish University of the Year” by the Sunday Times 2003, 2005, 2011 and 2016,  and was named a runner-up in the 2015 edition.  In 2015, the UCC also named as the most successful universities of the European Commission-funded U-Multirank system, based on a large number of “a” points (21 of 28 points) among a field of 1,200 to take part universities.  also 2015CWTS Leiden Ranking placed UCC 1 in Ireland, 16 in Europe and 52 th globally from a field of 750 universities.  the 2011 QS world University Rankings awarded a 5 stars to UCC,  and ranked the university among the top 2% of universities worldwide. UCC was ranked 230 th in the 2014 QS World University Rankings.  13 of its subject matter presented in the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2015 (an increase from 10 disciplines 2014), including pharmacies and Pharmacology disciplines, as noted by state 50 in the world.  the Universitas Indonesia (UI) Green Metric world University rankings assigned UCC a second in the world ranking for the second year in a row in 2015 for its efforts in the area of sustainability, with 360 universities from 62 countries are ranked in total. 
UCC has also been known for its digital and social media presence, including for “Best Social Media Engagement” category at the 2014 Social Media Awards,  and as a finalist for “Best use of social media by a governmental body” and ” best non-profit / Organization Twitter account “2015 Social Media Awards.  A former finalist in 2013 and 2014 Web Awards, the UCC also did the 2015 finals in two categories,  the” most influential Irish website ever “and the” best education and the third level website “. University College Cork was the first site in Ireland in 1991  (only the ninth website in the world at the time), serving transcriptions of Irish historical and literary documents for CELT project converted from SGML to HTML.
College of Medicine and Health
Medicine, art, and law were the three founding faculties when Queen College Cork opened its doors to students in 1849. The medical buildings was built in stages between 1860 and 1880, and faculty quickly gained a reputation for the quality of its students. The first two women to graduate in medicine in Ireland did it in 1898 (this was notable because it was more than 20 years before women were allowed to sit for medicine at the University of Oxford).  UCC School of Medicine is part of the College of Medicine and Health, and is based on the Brookfield Health Sciences Centre on the main campus of UCC and is connected with the 880-bed University College Cork Teaching Hospital, the largest medical center in Ireland. UCC School of Pharmacy is based in Cavanagh Pharmacy Building. 
According to UCC Strategic plan 2009-2012,  UCC aims to improve research and innovation. In 2009, the university was ranked in the top 3% of universities worldwide for research. 
UCC’s published research strategy proposed to create “Centres of Excellence” for “world-class research,” where researchers and research would be given “freedom and flexibility to pursue their research.”  research UCC covers a range of areas including: nanoelectronics Tyndall Institute; Food and Health with digestive Pharmabiotic Centre,  NutraMara,  food for Health Ireland Research Centre,  and cereals Science Cork  (Food Research at UCC ranks 4th in the world), [ citation needed ] Environmental ~~ POS = TRUNC environmental ~~ POS = TRUNC  (with biodiversity research, aquaculture, energy efficiency and offshore energy); and Business Information Systems.
The Sunday Times ‘ Good University Guide 2015 “, put the UCC at the top of its rankings for” research income per academic “. 
Innovation and knowledge driven by the UCC’s Office of Technology Transfer,  an office at the university dedicated to commercializing aspects of UCC’s research and connect researchers with industry. Recent spin-outs from college include pharmaceutical company Glantreo,  Luxcel Biosciences,  Digestive Health, Biosensia, Firecoms, Gourmet Marine, Keelvar, Lee Oncology, and Sensl. 
Student life and societies
University College Cork has over 80 active communities  and 50 different sports clubs.   There are academic, charity, creative, gaming / roleplaying, political, religious and social communities and clubs that include field sports, martial arts, water sports as well as outdoor and indoor team and individual sports. UCC clubs are sponsored by Bank of Ireland, with UCC Skull and Cross as the mascot for all UCC sports teams. 100 students received scholarships in 26 different sports in 2010. 
The regular activities of the UCC communities include charity work; with over 100,000 € annually by the surgeon Noonan society, € 10,000 raised by the war games and role-playing Society (warps) through its international gaming convention WARPCON, € 10,000 raised by UCC Law Society of Cambodia orphanage and UCC Pharmacy Society supports Cork Hospital Kids Club Club ~ ~ POS = HEAD COMP each year with a number of events. UCC communities also sometimes attract high-profile speakers like Robert Fisk, who directs the Law Society, Nick Leeson  and Senator David Norris, who was 2009/2010 honorary president of the UCC Philosophical Society. 
The UCC Student Union (UCCSU) serves as a representative body of 17,000 students UCC. Each student is automatically a member by a student fee.
A Chuallacht (Irish pronunciation: [a xuɐl̪ˠaxt̪ˠ], which means “Lord”) is UCC’s Irish language and culture society. Founded in 1912, the society’s stated aim of promoting the Irish language on campus and around Cork. Included in the calendar of events is a Chuallacht “Chultúir Seachtain na hÉireann” (Irish Cultural Week), an annual festival held in October. Among the events held during the week’s competitions, debates, parades, games and Irish ball, “BAL na Gaeilge ‘, with guests that have included Des Bishop, Seán og Ó hAilpín, Micheal Ó Muircheartaigh, and Seán Bán Breathnach. [ Citation needed ] society was awarded Glor na nGael Irish society of the Year Award in 2009 and 2010, and the best cross-border society in 2013. [ citation needed ]
Students UCC occupying a variety of different types of accommodation, with some choosing to live with the family while others live in rented accommodation. UCC’s campus housing company manages more than 1,000 beds in several apartment complexes within 1.5 km from the UCC campus, and provides a search service for students seeking private accommodation near the UCC. 
The largest number of 2,400 international students at UCC in 2010 came from the US, followed by China, France and Malaysia.  UCC participating in the Erasmus program with 439 students visiting UCC 2009-2010.  201 UCC students studied at institutions in the United States, China and Europe during the same period. 
UCC was rated highly in the International Student Barometer Report 2008. This study surveyed 67,000 international students at 84 institutions, and implemented by the International Insight Group.  The report considered that 98% of UCC’s international students (who participated in the survey) said they had “Expert lecturers”. And over 90% of these students said they had “good teacher”.  In the three categories of the survey, “sports facilities”, “social institutions” and “University associations”, UCC was in the top three of the 84 schools that participated in the survey. UCC’s International Education Office received a 93% customer satisfaction and UCC’s IT support is given a 92% customer satisfaction. 
Notable alumni of the University includes students from various disciplines.
George Boole (not an alumnus) was the first professor of mathematics at UCC. He developed the Boolean algebra that would later make computer programming possible. 
In art and literature,  alumni include: author Seán Ó Faoláin, short story writer Daniel Corkery, composer Seán Ó Riada, writers, academics and critics Robert Anthony Welch, actress Fiona Shaw, novelist William Wall, poets Paul Durcan, Nuala Ní Dhomhnaill Trevor Joyce, Thomas McCarthy and Greg Delanty, comedian Des Bishop, and journalists Brendan O’Connor and Eoghan Harris.  Starring Cillian Murphy and BBC presenter Graham Norton both UCC attended but did not graduate.  
From the business community, alumni include: Kerry Group’s Denis Brosnan, Kingfisher plc, former CEO Gerry Murphy, former director of CRH Anthony Barry, and the current president, Myles Lee. 
In medicine alumni include: Sir Edwin John Butler, Charles Donovan, Sir Bertram Windle, Dr. Paul Whelton, President Loyola University Health System, Dr. Barry O’Donnell, former president of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland; Dr. Colm Quigley, president of the Medical Council of Ireland, Dr. Pixie McKenna, doctors and TV presenter and Dr. Eamonn MM Quigley, president of the World Gastroenterology Organization, and vice president of the American College of Gastroenterology.  In physics, the alumni included: Professor Richard Milner of the Laboratory of Nuclear Science at MIT, Professor Margaret Murnane of the University of Colorado, Professor Patrick G . O’Shea of the University of Maryland, and Professor Séamus Davis of Cornell. 
Politicians and officials who attended UCC, include former Taoiseach Jack Lynch, leader of Fianna Fáil and former Foreign Minister Micheál Martin, the Supreme Court Justice Liam McKechnie and High Court Judge Bryan MacMahon. 
In sport, rugby coach Declan Kidney,  Gaelic football player Séamus Moynihan, Maurice Fitzgerald and Billy Morgan, hurlers Pat Heffernan, Joe Deane, James “Cha” Fitzpatrick and Ray Cummins, rugby player Moss Keane, Ronan O’Gara and Donnacha Ryan and Olympian Lizzie Lee have all attended UCC. 
- Education in Ireland
- List of Irish organizations with royal patronage
- List of Universities in Ireland
- UCC GAA
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- Intel Outstanding Researchers Award
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