Sligo (Irish: Sligeach , which means “rich in shell” – / sl aɪ ɡ oʊ / sly -goh ; Irish pronunciation: [ɕlʲɪɟəx]) is a seaport and the county town of County Sligo in the west provinsenConnacht. With a population of about 20,000 in 2014, the largest urban center in the North West of Ireland. Sligo Borough District represents 61% (38,581) of the county’s population (63,000). [3]

Sligo is a historical, cultural, commercial, industrial, retail and service center of regional importance in the North West of Ireland. Served with railways, ports and road connections, Sligo has a significant influence on its hinterland. Sligo is also a popular tourist destination, located in an area of outstanding natural beauty, with many literary and cultural associations.

History

Main article: History of Sligo

Etymology

Sligo is an English corruption of the Irish name Sligeach , which means “rich in shell” or “Shelly Place”. It refers to the abundance of seafood available in the river and its estuary, and from the extensive shell middens around. [4] [5]The river now called Garavogue (Irish: An Gharbhóg) means “little rough” was originally called the Sligeach. [6 ] it is listed as one of the seven “royal river” in Ireland in the 9th century saga destruction of Da Dergas Hostel.

The Ordnance Survey letters of 1836 state that “the customer lots of shells were found underground in many places in town where houses now stand.”The entire area, from the estuary at Sligo, around the coast to the river at BallysadareBay, is rich in marine resources exploited as far back as the Mesolithic period.

The early history

The importance of Sligo location in prehistory demonstrated by the abundance of ancient monuments nearby and also within the city. For example, Sligo city’s first roundabout built around a megalithic passage tomb at Abbey Quarter North of Garavogue villas. [7] This is an outlier of the large group of monuments at Carrowmore on Cuil wander peninsula on the western outskirts of the city. The area around Sligo Town has one of the highest densities of prehistoric archaeological sites in Ireland. It is the only place where all classes of Irish megalithic monuments are found together.Knocknarea mountains, covered by large heap of Miosgan Maeve, dominates the skyline to the west of the city. Cairns Hill on the southern outskirts of the city also has two very large heaps.

Excavations for the NRA for N4 Sligo Inner Relief Road 2002 revealed a Bronze Age henge on Tonafortes (next Carraroe roundabout) on the southern outskirts of the city, and an early Neolithic causewayed casing (c. 4000 BC) at Magheraboy on high ground overlooking the the city from the south. This is the oldest causewayed containment so far discovered in the United Kingdom or Ireland. [8] It consists of a large area bounded by a segmented ditch and palisade, and was perhaps an area of commerce and ritual. These monuments are associated with the coming of agriculture and thus the first farmers in Ireland. According to archaeologist Edward Danagher, who excavated the site “Magheraboy indicates a stable and successful population during the last centuries of the fifth millennium and the first centuries of the fourth millennium before Christ.” [9]

Sligo bay is an old natural harbor, known for Greek, Phoenician and Roman merchants as the area is believed to be the site indicated that the city Nagnata of Claudius Ptolemy’s 2nd century coordinate map of the world. [10]During the early medieval site of Sligo eclipsed by weight of the large Columban monastery 5 miles north of Drumcliff. By the 12th century there was a bridge and small settlement exists at the site of the present city.

medieval history

The Norman Knight Maurice Fitzgerald, the Lord Chief Justice of Ireland, is generally credited with the establishment of the medieval European style town and port of Sligo, build Sligo Castle in 1245. The annalists mentioning this Sligo sraidbhaile ( “street settlement”) as seems to have consisted of the castle and an attached defensive Bawn. A Dominican Friary (Blackfriars) was also founded by Maurice Fitzgerald and King of Connacht, Felim mac Cathal Ua Crobderg Conchobair in 1253. This mistake was destroyed by fire in 1414, then rebuilt in its present form. Norman hegemony was not intended to be long in Sligo.

The city is unique in Ireland because it is the only Norman founded the Irish town to have been under almost continuous native Irish control in the Middle Ages. The Normans were stopped in northwestern Connacht after the battle vidCredran Cille in 1257 at the Rose Ceite (Rosses Point) between Godfrey O’Donnell, Lord Tirconnell, and Maurice Fitzgerald. Both commander was mortally wounded in single combat. This battle effectively stopped Norman expansion in the North West of Ireland.

Despite many Anglo Norman tries to recapture it, it became the administrative center of O ‘Conor Sligo (O’Conchobar Sligigh) Association of Iochtar Connacht (Lower Connacht). Also called Clan Aindrias, O ‘Conor was a branch of O’ Conchobar dynasty of Kings of Connacht. It continued to develop within Tuath (Irish territory) of Cairbre Drom Cliabh. The other Irish areas covered by this was Tireragh (Tir Fhiacrach), Leyney (Lúighne), Tirerill (Tir Olliol) and Corran. Throughout this time Sligo were under a regime Fénechus (Brehon) law and ruled by the Irish aristocratic warrior class.

The competition between these warrior clans of the lucrative port charges in Sligo town was burned, sacked or laid siege to about 49 times during the Middle Ages, according to the Annals of Ireland, but these raids seem to have had little effect on the development of the city in the middle of the 15th century the city and harbor had increased in importance. It was in Galway, Bristol, France and Spain. Among the earliest surviving copies of written English in Connacht is proof of 20 points, from August 1430, by Saunder Lynch and Davy Botyller paid Henry Blake and Walter Blake, customers’ ye King and John Rede, controller ye porte of Galvy and Slego ” .

Sligo continued under native Irish control until the end of the 16th century, when during the Elizabethan conquest, Sligo was chosen as the county town of the newly shired County Sligo. An order was sent by the Elizabethan government, Sir Nicholas Malby, Knight, willing him to establish “apt and safe” places for storing COURT & Sessions, with walls of stone and lime, in each county Connacht “Judging that the aptest place to be in Sligo , County Sligo … ” [11] the walls were never built.

Later medieval history and early modern period

Sligo Abbey, the Dominican Friary, is the only medieval building standing in the city. A large part of the structure, including the choir, carved altar (the only one on location in Ireland) and cloisters remain.

When Sir Frederick Hamilton Honourable soldiers partially looted Sligo 1642, the friary was burned and many monks were killed.

In 1798 a mixed force Limerick militia, Essex Fencibles and local yeomanry under Colonel Vereker [12] defeated at the Battle of Carricknagat in Collooney of the combined Irish and French forces under General Humbert. A street in the city is named after the hero of this battle Bartholomew Teeling. The Lady Erin Monument at Market Cross erected in 1899 to mark the centenary of the 1798 Rebellion. [13]

19th century

The city was hit hard by a cholera epidemic in 1832. Researchers speculate that Bram Stoker, whose mother Charlotte Blake Thornley was probably (there are no records, and the family lived in both Sligo and Bally) [14] was born in Sligo in 1818 [15] and experienced the epidemic in the first hand, was influenced by her stories when he wrote his famous novel, Dracula . The family lived on the correction Street in the city. After relocating to Bally, wrote Charlotte

“At the end of that time, we could live in peace until the plague had subsided and we could return to Sligo. There we found the streets grew grass and five-eighths of the population dead. We had great reason to thank God who saved us. ” [14]

The Great Famine between 1847 and 1851 caused over 30,000 people to emigrate through the port of Sligo. [16] On the Quays, overlooking Garavogue River, is a cast bronze memorial emigrants. This is one of a suite of three sculptures commissioned by the Sligo Famine brandsorted committee to honor the victims of the Great Famine.

A plaque in the background, entitled “Letter to America, January 2, 1850″ tells a sad family history: ” I am now, I can say, alone in the world All my brothers and sisters are dead and children but himself …. we are all thrown out of Mr. Enright ground … The times were so bad and all of Ireland in such a state of poverty that no person could pay the rent. My only hope now rests with you, I have no one shilling and as I said before, I either have to beg or go to the poorhouse … I remain your affectionate father, Owen Larkin. See answer this by return mail. ”

20th century

1961 St. John the Baptist church became a cathedral of the Diocese of Kilmore, Elphin and Ardagh after St. Mary’s Cathedral in Elphin was given, which was destroyed by a storm four years earlier.

The war

Sligo town was heavily garrisoned by the British Army during the Revolutionary War. For this reason IRA activity limited to measures such as harassment, sabotage and jailbreaks. At various times during the war, prominent Republicans held in Sligo Gaol. The commander of the IRA forces in Sligo, Liam Pilkington.

Civil war

Arthur Griffith spoke in April 1922 at the corner of O’Connell St and Grattan St. To this day it is known as Griffiths corner.

Sligo railway station was blown up by anti-Treaty forces on January 10, 1923.

Geography

Located on a coastal plain on the Atlantic Ocean, Sligo is on the low gravel hills on the banks of Garavogue River between Lough Gill and the estuary leading to Sligo Bay. The city is surrounded by many mountains, with ridges of Slieve Daeane and Killery Mountain to the southeast, Cope and Keelogyboy mountains of the Northeast and distinct rock Knocknarea Benbulben in the west and the north.

Sligo is an important bridging point on the main north / south road between Ulster and Connacht. It is the county town of Sligo and is in the Barony of Carbury (formerly Gaelic Tuath of Cairbre Drom Cliabh). Sligo is the pin seat of the Catholic Diocese of Elphin. It is in the Church of Ireland diocese Kilmore, Elphin and Ardagh.

Sligo is one of the counties in the province of Connacht. It’s part of the border area, an area of over 500,000 people that also includes the counties of Cavan, Donegal, Leitrim, Louth ochMonaghan. [17]

Architecture

Medieval center with mostly 19th century buildings, many of which are of architectural value.

In the nineteenth century Sligo experienced rapid economic growth and hence architectural change was fast. This was characterized by the construction of many fine public buildings. These include Sligo Town Hall (City Hall), Courthouse, the Gilooly Memorial Hall and the Model School (now the Model Arts & Niland Gallery).

Climate

See also: Climate of Ireland

Sligo climate is classified, as well as the whole of Ireland, as temperate oceanic. It is characterized by high levels of precipitation and a narrow annual temperature ranges. The average annual temperature is 9.4 degrees Celsius (49 degrees Fahrenheit). January, average temperature 5.2 ° C (41 ° F), while the average temperature of July is 15.3 ° C (60 ° F). On average, the driest months are April to June, while the wettest months is okay chain.

Rainfall averages 1131 mm (44.5 inches) per year. The high rainfall means Sligo are in temperate rainforest biome, examples of which are around Lough Gill. [18] The lowest temperature ever recorded in Ireland was -19.1 ° C (-2.4 ° F) on Markree Castle, County Sligo January 16, 1881.

Demography

In April 2011, Sligo had a population of 19,452.

There were 15.890 Catholics in the area at census time. Additional 1708 were followers of other religions specified (eg Church of Ireland, Islam, Presbyterian, Orthodox), while 1,119 people said they had no religion. Non-Irish nationals accounted for 15.8 percent of the population in Sligo, compared with a national average figure of 12.0 percent. Polish (1035 people) were the largest group, followed by British citizens (390 people).

6.830 people could speak Irish and of these 1763 spoken language daily. 2,947 people spoke a language other than Irish or English at home, and of these 535 could not speak English well or at all. Polish was the most common foreign language spoken at home with 1,021 speakers.

Economy

The service sector is the main sector of employment in the city. Ireland tool manufacturing industry is centered in Sligo, a manufacturing center of great betydelse.Läkemedelsindustrin is significant with several companies that produce goods for this sector, notably Abbott (Ireland) Ltd. Abbott is the largest corporate employer in Sligo.

Like many towns in the west of Ireland, Sligo suffered for many years from a lack of development, mainly [ citation needed ] because of its proximity to the border, and poor infrastructure and communications. But these have improved significantly over the past decade.

The development has taken place along the river Garavogue the regeneration of JFK Parade (2000), Rockwood Parade (1993-1997), and The Riverside (1997-2006), and two new pedestrian bridges over the river, one of Rockwood Parade (1996) and The Riverside (1999).

Sligo have a variety of independent stores, and shopping malls. The main shopping streets is the Wine Street, O’Connell Street, Grattan Street, Stephen Street, High Street, Market Street and Castle Street. Just on the outskirts of Sligo in Carraroe is a retail park which has stores such as Homebase, Smyth Toystore and PC World.

Sligo is a designated Gateway under the National Spatial Strategy 2002-2020.

The creative sector is important in Sligo 4.2% of the population engaged in the creative industries, the highest percentage in Connacht, with the exception of Leitrim.

Culture

See also: Media in Ireland

Music is very important in Sligo, with many musicians from both Sligo and from all over the world come to Sligo to play and improve their craft.

Sligo culture was a significant inspiration both poet and Nobel laureate WB Yeats and his brother artist, illustrator and comics pioneer Jack Butler Yeats.An extensive collection of Jack B Yeats art held in Model Niland Gallery at the mall.

Yeats Summer School takes place every year in the city and attract researchers from all over the world, especially Japan.

Sligo town recently marked its relations with Goon Show star and writer Spike Milligan, whose father was from Sligo, by presenting a plaque at the former Milligan family home at number 5 Holborn Street.

The boy band Westlife was formed in 1998 in Sligo.

Traditional Irish music

Sligo has a long history and an international reputation for Irish music and sessions are held regularly in several venues. Sligo County has its own unique style and is known worldwide for the quality of its traditional musiker.Många people come from all over the world to learn Irish music in Sligo.

In the early 13th century poet and crusader Muireadhach Albannach Ó’Dálaigh held a school of poetry in Lissadell north of Sligo town. He was Ollamh Fileadh (High Poet) to O ‘Domhnaill kings of Tir Chonaill. The school seems to have been resolved after the Norman invasion. In the 16th century, the poet Tadhg Dall Ó hUigínn wrote many poems in praise strict Dán Direach meter for local chieftains and patrons O’Conor Sligo.He killed for a satire he wrote on the O’Hara. The annals record the death in 1561 of Naisse Mac Cithruadh the “most outstanding musicians who were in Éireann” by drowning in Lough Gill.

In the 17th century, two brothers from County Sligo, Thomas and William Connellan from Cloonamahon, was among the last of the great Irish bards and harpists. Thomas is the author of the song Molly MacAlpin, now known as Carolans dream and William may have written Love is a torment pain and Killiecrankie.

Sligo traditional musicians were important in the revival and transmission of this tradition when they emigrated to New York. Michael Coleman, James Morrison and Paddy Killoran were all recorded at this time. Musicians Joe O ‘Dowd Sligo kept the tradition alive in the area in the mid-20s.

festivals

Sligo hosts many festivals throughout the year including Sligo Live happens every October, Sligo Summer Festival which celebrated the 400th anniversary of Sligo town and The Fleadh Cheoil as the city hosted three consecutive years (1989, 1990 and 1991) and was the host back in 2014 2015.

Sligo Jazz Project happens every July is also very popular.

Sligo hosted Fleadh Cheoil in both 2014 and 2015, some 400,000 people took part in the largest Irish music and dance festival in Ireland. Visitors from all over Europe, North America and Asia met with a true Irish welcome to the sounds of Irish music, much of it played by a musician on the streets of Sligo

Entertainment

Sligo has a vibrant nightlife, and is a popular destination for locals and a large student population. Sligo has several nightclubs and late bars, especially along the river, an area successfully rebuilt in the 1990s. The city has also become a popular destination for stag and hen parties from across the country. There are also many pubs and music venues with traditional and modern music throughout the year.

Sligo is home to Sligo Baroque Orchestra string and wind ensemble specializing in baroque and early classical era music.

The Garavogue River and Rockwood Parade (right)

Theater

Sligo has a strong tradition of theater, both professional and amateur. Sligo has had a theater at least as far back as 1750, according to Wood-Martin’s history Sligo, and often “Her Majesty’s servants from the Theatre Royal, Crow Street …. visited Sligo, Dublin during the season, show that these days the citizens appreciated drama, in some instances the company persisted for several months. ”

There are now two full-time theaters in the city. The Blue Raincoat Theatre Company, Ireland’s only full-time location-based professional theater ensemble founded in 1990 based on Quay Street.

Sligo is also home to Hawks Well Theatre, a 340-seat theater that was founded in 1982. Hawkwell has hosted innovative work of companies like Red Kettle, gallowglass, Rough Magic, Project Theatre Company, LAW, Barabbas, storytellers, The Blue Raincoat Theatre Company, The Passion Machine, Corcadorca, Kabosh, and many other fine companies from Ireland and abroad.

There is a small professional film industry in Sligo. The studio Sligeach films has produced several features and shorts in Sligo.

In the media

Sligo is the gritty environment of the writer Declan Burke’s series of hard-boiled detective novel, the detective Harry Rigby. [20]

Sebastian Barry’s novel The Secret Scripture and the whereabouts of Eneas McNulty is also located in Sligo town.

Sports

See also: Sports in Ireland

Football

The city is home to the 2012 League of Ireland Premier Division champions Sligo Rovers, who have played home games at The Showgrounds since they were founded in 1928. Football is the dominant and most popular sport in Sligo town. The club belongs to the people of Sligo town and is the only cooperative kept the club in the League of Ireland.

There are also a significant number of junior football clubs playing in Sligo / Leitrim & District league from the city, the list contains Calry Bohemians, Cartron United, City, United and St Johns FC who play in the Super League and Glenview Stars, MCR FC, Merville United & Swagman Wanderers who play in the Premier League. Both Sligo Rovers and St Johns FC has recently been invited to play in the new Connacht Senior League which was due to start in the winter of 2013 but has been postponed to a later date. It was originally held 1981-2000, Sligo Rovers played in this league before.

Gaelic Games

There are three GAA clubs in and around the city, they are Calry / St Joseph Hazelwood, St. Johns of Cuilbeg & St. Mary of Ballydoogan with Coolera / Beach of Ransboro and Drumcliffe / Rosses Point GAA also be in närheten.St John & Mary compete in the Senior Football Championship while Calry / St Joseph competing in the Intermediate Football Championship and Senior Hurling Championship. These clubs also field junior, ladies, Mines and minors law. Many of the great Gaelic football and hurling matches, such as an inter-county games or a club championship final takes place at Markievicz Park.

Rugby

Sligo RFC is located at Hamilton Park, Beach, 8 km west of the city. They participate in the Ulster Bank All-Ireland League Division 2B.

Other sports

Sligo (especially the beach) has a strong surf tradition with many locals and visitors to learn to surf in the area.

There are two nearby golf courses, Co. Sligo (Rosses Point) Golf Club and Strand Golf Club. Also, just north of the city border at Lisnalurg, there are Pitch and Putt called Bertie. Rosses Point is known for hosting the West of Ireland Championship where future golf superstar Rory McIlroy won consecutive years, 2005 and 2006.

Two basketball clubs cater to the city, they are Sligo All-Stars, based on Mercy College Gymnasium and Sligo Giant Warriors, whose place is Sligo Grammar School.

Sligo Racecourse on race days Cleveragh host at least eight times a year.

Other popular sports in Sligo and the surrounding areas are Athletics, boxing, martial arts, rowing, swimming and tennis.

Parks and recreation

Cleveragh

The government

Sligo administered by its own local Oireachtas and kings Cairbre Drom Cliab until the English conquest in the early 17th century. This area corresponds closely to the newly Sligo Borough District.

Sligo town became an integrated municipal city with a Royal Charter issued by the British King James I in 1613-1614. See High Sherriff Sligo. It had the right to choose 12 citizens to the company.

1 June 2014 Old Borough Council was dissolved and administration of the city was amalgamated with the County Council. Sligo is now part of an expanded municipal borough district that stretches from Collooney to the border with County Donegal in Tullaghan and contains a population of about 40,000. It selects 10 of the Council of 18 total Sligo County Council.

Sligo has had a mayor since mixed in 1613. With the reorganization in 2014 the title of mayor was maintained and the selected ten city district councilors.

Law Enforcement

From its inception in the 13th century Sligo administered under local Fénechus (Brehon Law) until the establishment of English common law in the early 17th century after the Battle of Kinsale. Courts held regularly throughout Tuath in different buildings and on hilltops reserved for the purpose. Law enforcement was a function of the nobility and commoners in the area because no police force existed. No records survive from these early tribunals, but a case registered by a Dublin merchant reimbursed by the local courts after he fraudulently sold an obsolete poem in the 1540s. [21] Sligo then came under English martial law and eventually customary law administered from Dublin and sloping the current system.

The modern Sligo Courthouse was built in 1878. It hosts regular District and Circuit Court sittings throughout the year, and sometimes the High Court.

After the 1922 establishment of the Garda Síochána.

Sligo-Leitrim divisional headquarters in An Garda Síochána is on Teeling Street in the town on the site of the old RIC barracks.

Healthcare

Sligo providing hospital for much of the northwestern region. The two largest hospitals are Sligo Regional Hospital (formerly General) and St. John’s Hospital. There is also a private hospital in Garden Hill.

Training

See also: Education in Ireland

From 2011, 16.9 percent of adults were trained to only the most primary level; another 52.0 percent reached the advanced level, while 31.2 percent were educated to third level.

Sligo benefit from the presence of a third-level institution in the form of Institute of Technology, Sligo, offering a variety of courses in the disciplines of economics, technology, the humanities and science.

St. Angela College, a constituent college of the National University of Ireland, Galway, offers courses in nursing and health studies, home economics and education. In total there were 5.206 students in third level institutions in Sligo in 2011.

* Located outside the Borough Boundary

third level

  • Institute of Technology, Sligo
  • St. Angela College *

Secondary

  • Ballinode Community College, Ballinode (Non Demominational)
  • Mercy College, Chapel Hill (All the girls – Catholic)
  • Sligo Grammar School, The Mall (Church of Ireland)
  • St. Joseph Special School, Ballytivnan (Roman Catholic)
  • Summer College, Circular Road (All Boys – Catholic)
  • Ursuline College, Finisklin (All the girls – Catholic)

Primary

  • Carbury NS, The Mall (Church of Ireland)
  • Gaelscoil Na Chnoc Ré, Ballydoogan (Irish language – catholic)
  • Our Lady of Mercy NS, Pearse Road (Roman Catholic)
  • Scoil Ursula NS, Knappagh Road (Roman Catholic)
  • Sligo school project, St Annes Terrace (Non Denominational)
  • St. Brendan’s NS, Cartron (Roman Catholic)
  • St. Edwards NS, Ballytivnan (Roman Catholic)
  • St. Enda’s NS, Carraroe * (Roman Catholic)
  • St. John’s NS, Temple Street (Roman Catholic)
  • St. Joseph Special School, Ballytivnan (Roman Catholic)

Other

  • VEC Sligo
  • National Learning Network
  • Ballytivnan Training Centre

Transport

Wave

The main road to Sligo is N4 to Dublin, the N17 to Galway, the N15 Lifford, County Donegal; and N16 Black, County Cavan. The part of the way between the N4 Sligo and Collooney is a dual carriageway. The first phase of this road was completed in January 1998, past the towns of Collooney and Ballysadare.An extension of this road was completed in September 2005, and is known as Sligo Inner Relief Road.

O’Connell Street – the main street of the city – was pedestrian on 15 August 2006. Plans for the proposed redevelopment and paving of this street was publicly unveiled July 23, 2008 in Sligo Champion . The newspaper later revealed that people were not in favor of the pedestrian on the street. The street was opened to traffic in December 2009.

Sligo has a certain bike paths around the city and various traffic calming measures installed will help to improve safety for pedestrians and cyclists.

Railway

Sligo acquired a rail link to Dublin December 3, 1862 with the opening of Sligo railway station. [22] Connections to Enniskillen and the north followed in 1881, Limerick and south in 1895. The line to Enniskillen closed in 1957 and passenger Galway-Ennis-Limerick was closed in 1963 during many years Coras Iompair Éireann (CIE) held the latter line open for freight traffic, before its full closing. The proposed Western rail corridor redevelopment project aims to open it again. 1966 Sligo railway station was renamed Sligo Mac Diarmada Station after Irish rebel Seán Mac Diarmada from County Leitrim. [23] Irish Rail, Ireland’s national railway operator, körintercityjärnvägstjänster on the Dublin-Sligo railway. There are currently up to eight trains daily in each direction between Sligo and Dublin Connolly, with a frequency of every two hours. [24]

Map of Western Irland.Föreslagen Western rail corridor defined between Collooney and Athenry. Ex-GSWR line south of Limerick in green, other ex-MGWR lines are in red.

Air

Sligo and County Sligo are served by Sligo Airport, 8 km (5.0 mi) from Sligo town and near the beach, if no scheduled flights currently operating out of the airport. The nearest airport with scheduled flights are Ireland West Airport Knock near Charlestown, County Mayo, 55 km (34 mi) away.

The Irish Coast Guard Search & Rescue helicopter has been based on Sligo airport since 2004, call sign Rescue 118 CHC Ireland currently offer 24-hour search and rescue with the help of a Sikorsky S-92 helicopter.

The helicopter is operated by a crew of four, maintained and supported year round. The northernmost base in Ireland, is the stern challenges of the Atlantic and the rock environment along the northwest coast. [25]

Bus

Bus Eireann operates four bus lines in the city: a work center and another to the west of the city. The other two lines going from the city to the beach and Rosses Point, respectively. [26] Bus Eireann also provides intercity services to Enniskillen via Manorhamilton, Derry, Galway via Knock Airport and Dublin via Dublin Airport, and the towns along the N4 road. [27 ]

Feda O’Donnell offers routes to and from Gweedore to the west of Ireland, including Sligo and Galway, via Bally.

Sligo Port

Sligo is one of only two operational ports on Ireland’s northwest coast between Galway and Derry, the other is Killybegs. Currently, the port can accommodate ships with a maximum draft of 5.2 meters and length of 100 meters, Harbour Sligo ranging from Timber Jetty at Hyde Road Bridge for a distance of 1.3 km. Sligo County Council took over responsibility for Sligo Harbour from Sligo Harbour Commissioners in June 2006.

The port currently handles cargo of coal, timber, fish and scrap metal and about 25 ships per year dock in the port. In 2012 a feasibility study was carried out in the dredging of the fairway.

No fishing boats operate from Sligo Port.

History

Sligo port was the busiest in the 19th century, and has since decreased, but it has a long history. Records show first its development as a port in consequence of agricultural goods to the UK and Europe in the 13th century with the arrival of the Normans. As a port in Gaelic men, a large part of the combat of Sligo was for controlling ‘cocket “Sligo port. Merchant families establish trade under this system O’Creans wine importers is the most famous. They had connections in France, Spain and Portugal.

Official English records in the fifteenth century mention “Fish Quay” during the reign of Henry VI. Customs duties under the Harbour Commissioners can be traced back to George II. At the time, and for two hundred years thereafter, Sligo was the most important port in the North West (Sligo County Council, 2008).

During the 17th and 18th centuries, established Sligo Port as a major focus for trade as part of the British Empire, with great amounts of cattle, hides, butter, barley, oats and oatmeal exported and with the city’s linen exports well established . The imports include wood, iron, corn and coal. The city flourished because of trade with the rich merchants set up homes along the then fashionable Castle Street and Radcliffe Street (later renamed Grattan Street) .This wealth seen in the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, which was completed as early as 1730. It was designed by Richard Cassels, architect many important buildings at the time, such as the Leinster House in Dublin and Russborough House in County Wicklow.

During the time of the great famine, around 1847-1850, it is estimated that more than 30,000 people emigrated through Sligo Port, primarily Canada and the United States.

The most notable ship companies run by Sligo include Sligo Steam Navigation Company, which introduced the first steamer in 1857, gentlemen Middleton & Pollexfen, Harper Cambell Ltd. and the former Sligo Harbour Commissioners who owned a number of dredgers used for maintenance of the channel (McTernan, 1992) . [28]

The 1913 Sligo However, the strike lasted for 56 days and was an important precursor to the Dublin lockout that occurred 6 months later. Unlike Lockout Sligo However, the strike led to victory for the workers.

The harbor pilots traditionally based on Rosses Point Sligo Harbour decreased during the 20’s with the change from sail to steamships. [29] [ better source needed ]

Media

There are three local newspapers in Sligo The Sligo Weeke – each Thursday (before Tuesday), the free Northwest Express – out on the first Thursday of each month and Sligo Champion . – Out every Tuesday (before Wednesday)Sligo Now is a monthly entertainment guide for the city – this is the first Friday of every month, while Sligo Sport’s urban sport-specific monthly.

The city has two local / regional radio stations: Ocean FM, broadcasting to County Leitrim and Sligo and parts of County Fermanagh and South County Donegal and West youth radio station i102-104FM, which merged with its sister station i105-107FM in 2011 to create iRadio .

Notable people

See List of Sligo people

Twin

See also: List of twin town in Ireland

Sligo is twinned with the following places:

  • Everett, Washington, United States
  • Crozon, Brittany, France
  • Illapel, Choapa Province, Chile
  • Kempten, Bavaria, Germany
  • Tallahassee, Florida, United States [30]

Gallery

  • Pictures of Sligo
  • Statue of WB Yeats outside Ulster Bank
  • The choir of Sligo Abbey
  • Sligo Famine Memorial on the Quays
  • The clock tower in the Roman Catholic Cathedral
  • The Roman Catholic cathedral
  • Sligo Borough Council
  • court House
  • Sligo Post Office 1996
  • John the Baptist Cathedral, Sligo, Church of Ireland

See also

  • Development of Sligo
  • List of Sligo people
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland
  • sligo GAA
  • Sligo Gaol
  • Sligo Rovers FC
  • Kilmore, Elphin Ardagh
  • Wild Atlantic Way
  • County Sligo

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Table 6 – Population and area in each province, county, city, urban, rural and Electoral Division, 2002 and 2006” (PDF). Census 2006 Volume 1 – Population Classified by area. Central Statistics Office. April 26, 2007. pp. 111-112 .Hämtad ten October of 2007.
  2. Jump up ^ “Table 7 – People in each town of 1500 inhabitants and over …” (PDF). Census 2006 Volume 1 – Population Classified by area. Central Statistics Office. 26 April 2007. p. 119th Retrieved February 13, 2008.
  3. Jump up ^ http://www.sligococo.ie/media/SEDP_Chapters1_4.pdf
  4. Jump up ^ Wood-Martin’s history Sligo, 1882
  5. Jump up ^ “History of Sligo.” Sligo Borough Council – About Us. Retrieved 13 May 2008. The scallop shell […] was once abundant in the estuary at the mouth of Garavogue – a river once known as “Sligeach”, or “shelly place ‘, which gives its name to Sligo
  6. Jump up ^ Sligo Heritage site, article first published in Sligo Champion Dr Nollaig O’Muraille MRIA, NUI Galway [1]
  7. Jump up ^ Bergh, Stefan (1995). Landscape of monuments. A study of the passage tombs in Cúil wander region, Co. Sligo, Ireland. Stockholm :.National Heritage Archaeological Investigations ISBN 91-7192-945-2.
  8. Jump up ^ http://www.nra.ie/archaeology/archaeology-ireland-articles/
  9. Jump up ^ Danaher, Edward (2007). Monumental beginning: Archaeology of the N4 Sligo Inner Relief Road. Wordwell books. ISBN 978-1-905569-15-1.
  10. Jump up ^http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00750770801909375#.Uy3Rmhz1vpU
  11. Jump up ^ Wood-Martin, WG (1892). History Sligo, County and City.From accession 1. James to revolution 1688th Vol. 2. Dublin: Hodge & Figgis.
  12. Jump up ^http://www.sligolibrary.ie/sligolibrarynew/media/MILITARY%20(14).pdf
  13. Jump up ^ “Lady Erin statue”. Sligo town website.
  14. ^ Jump up to: a b http://www.donegalhistory.com/old/DA57.pdf
  15. Jump up ^ http://www.bramstokerestate.com/Charlotte-Blake-Thornley_-Stoker-Bram-Abraham-Sligo-Dublin-.html
  16. Jump up ^ Norton, Desmond (2003). “Lord Palmerston Irish Famine and Emigration: a replica.” Cambridge University Press, Historical Journal (46): 155-165.
  17. Jump up ^ “County Profiles – Sligo”. Western Development Commission.Archived from the original 18 November 2007. Retrieved thirteen May 2008.
  18. Jump up ^ [2]
  19. Jump up ^ “Climate – monthly data – Markree”. Met Éireann.
  20. Jump up ^ http://jsydneyjones.wordpress.com/2010/07/13/celtic-crime-declan-burkes-sligo/
  21. Jump up ^https://books.google.com/books/about/Power_Politics_and_Land.html?id=eqdnAAAAMAAJ&redir_esc=y
  22. Jump up ^ “Sligo station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved seven September of 2007.
  23. Jump up ^ Gilligan, James (19 December 2006). “Restore name to Sligo railway station”. Sligo Weeke. Sligo Weeke Ltd. Retrieved July 3, 2007.
  24. Jump up ^ “Timetables and service updates – Iarnród Éireann – Irish Rail”. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  25. Jump up ^ Irish Coastguard – Search & Rescue.
  26. Jump up ^ “Sligo city services – Bus Éireann”. Bus Eireann timetable.Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  27. Jump up ^ “Intercity Services – Bus Éireann”. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  28. Jump up^http://www.environ.ie/en/Foreshore/ApplicationsandDeterminations/SligoCountyCouncil/ApplicationsDetails/FileDownLoad,32814,en.pdf
  29. Jump up ^ “Search Results – Sligo quays”. Catalogue.nli.ie. Pulled 29/02/2016.
  30. Jump up ^ “Tallahassee Irish Society”. Retrieved November 18, 2012.