Howth (/ h oʊ θ /; Irish: Binn Éadair , which means “Eadar peak”)   is a village and outer suburbs of Dublin, Ireland. The district occupies most of the peninsula of Howth Head, which forms the northern boundary of Dublin Bay. Originally just a small fishing village, Howth with its surroundings once rural district is now a busy suburb of Dublin, with a mixture of dense residential development and wild hillside. The only neighboring district on land is Sutton. Howth is also home to one of the oldest occupied buildings in Ireland, Howth Castle.
Howth has been a filming location for movies such as The Last of the High Kings and Boy Eats Girl .
Location and access
Howth is located on the peninsula of Howth Head, which begins about 13 kilometers (8.1 mi) east-northeast of Dublin, on the north side of Dublin Bay. The village is 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) from Dublin city center (the ninth in a series of eighteenth-century milestones from Dublin General Post Office (GPO) is in the village), and extends over most of the northern part of Howth head which is connected to the rest of Dublin via a narrow strip of land (or Tombolo) at Sutton Cross.
Howth is the end of a regional road from Dublin and is one of the two northern ends of the DART suburban rail system. It is served by Dublin Bus.
History and etymology
The name Howth believed to be of Nordic origin, perhaps derived from the Norse Hǫfuð ( “head” in English). Norse Vikings colonized the eastern shore of Ireland and built the settlement of Dublin as a strategic base between Scandinavia and the Mediterranean. Norse Viking first invaded Howth in 819th
After Brian Boru, the High King of Ireland, defeated the Norse in 1014, many Nordic fled to Howth to regroup and remained a force until the final defeat of Fingal in the middle of the 11th century. Howth still under the control of Irish and local Nordic strengths until the invasion of Ireland by the Anglo-Normans in the 1169th
Without the support of either the Irish or Scandinavian powers, Howth isolated and fell to the Normans in 1177. One of the victorious Normans, Armoricus (or Almeric) Tristam, was granted a large part of the land between the village and Sutton. Tristam took on the name of the saint whose feast day the battle was won – St. Lawrence. He built his first castle near the harbor and the St. Lawrence link persists even today, see Earl of Howth. The original title of Baron of Howth granted Almeric St. Lawrence of Henry II of England in 1181, for enKnight fee.
Howth was a port city from at least the 14th century, with both health and duty collection officials monitor from Dublin, but the port was not built until the early 19th century.
A popular tale of piracy Gráinne O’Malley, who was rejected in 1576 while attempting a courtesy visit to Howth Castle, home of the Earl of Howth. In retaliation, she kidnapped Earl’s grandson and heir, and as ransom she exacted a promise that unexpected guests would never be turned back. She also made Earl promise that the gates of Deer Park (earl’s demesne) would never be closed to the public again, and the doors are still open today, and an extra place is set up for unexpected guests for formal dining in the dining room.
In the early 19th century, Howth was chosen as the site of the port of postal packages (postal service) vessels. One of the arguments used against Howth by proponents of Dun Laoghaire was that coaches can sacked in thebadlands of Sutton ! (at the time Sutton was open landscapes.)  Due to siltation, dredging the harbor is often needed to accommodate the package and finally the service was moved Dun Laoghaire. George IV visited the port in August 1821st
On 26 July 1914, 900 rifles landed at Howth by Robert Erskine Childers, the Irish Volunteers. Many used against the British in the Easter Rising and the subsequent Anglo-Irish War.
The port radically built in the late 20th century, with diverse areas of fishing and recreational formation and installation of a modern ice-making facility.A new lifeboat house later constructed, and Howth is now home to both the RNLI (lifeboats service) and the Irish Coast Guard.
Howth Head is one of the dominant features of the Dublin Bay, with a number of peaks, the highest of which is the Black Linn. In an area near Shielmartin, there is a small bog, the Bog of Frogs .Vildare parts of Howth is accessible through a network of trails (many are right) and a large part of the center and east are protected as part of a special area of conservation of 2.3 square kilometers (570 acres).
The peninsula has a number of small, fast running streams, three of which runs through the village, with more, including the Bloody Stream, in the adjacent Howth Demesne. The currents passing through the village is from east to west, Coulcour Brook, Grays Brook or Boggeen Stream, and Offington Stream.
Ireland’s Eye Island, part of the special protection area, located about one kilometer north of Howth Harbour, with Lambay Island about 5 km further north. A Martello tower available on each of these islands with another tower overlooking Howth harbor (open as a visitor center and Ye Olde Hurdy Gurdy Museum of Vintage Radio June 8, 2001  ) and another tower at Red Rock, Sutton. These are part of a series of towers built around the coast of Ireland during the 19th century.
Howth Castle and its estate, Deer Park, are important properties in the area.
Because of Howth Castle is a collapsed dolmen known locally as Aideen’s grave.
At the southeast corner of Howth Head, in the area known as Bail (e) y (historical, Green Bayley) is the automated Baily Lighthouse, the successor to the former security mechanisms, at least as far back as the late 17th century.
In Howth village is St. Mary’s Church and Cemetery. The earliest church was built by Sitric, king of Dublin in 1042. It was replaced around 1235 with a church, and then, in the second half of the 14th century, the present church was built. The building was modified in the 15th and 16th centuries, then raised ends, a bell cote was built and a new porch and south door was added.St. Lawrence of adjacent Howth Castle also changed the east end to act as a private chapel; inside is the tomb of Christopher St. Lawrence, 2nd Baron Howth, who died in 1462, and his wife, Anna Plunkett of Ratoath.
Also of historical interest is the Collegium , at Howth main street.
Amenities and businesses
The area is active commercially, and is part of the area of Howth Sutton Baldoyle Chamber of Commerce.  Howth still an active center for the fishing industry, with a particular treatment in the fishing port area, and some boat maintenance.
The village is also home to the Olympic Council of Ireland.
Howth, has been held once at least five hotels, saw the last, Deer Park Hotel, close to April 2014 although premises continues to trade as a bar and a base for Deer Park golf courses with the recent addition of a “Foot Golf” course.The area has several bed-and-breakfast establishments.
The nearest operating hotels (Marine) is located at Sutton Cross, about 2.5 km from Howth Harbour.
Howth is a popular area for bird watching and sailing, and is also popular with anglers. Everything from cod to the ray can be caught from Howth rocky beach badges and marine mammals, such as seals, are common sights in and near the harbor. Howth is also a popular destination for cyclists, joggers and hill walkers alike, especially on weekends. Birds regularly seen include razorbills, guillemots, fulmars, gull, Stone, Linnet, thorns, yellowhammer, skylark, wheatear, peregrine falcons, buzzards and kestrels.
Howth was in County Dublin from the introduction of the Sheriff of the Normans, and in North Dublin rural area from the start under the Local Government (Ireland) Act in 1898. In 1918 Howth became a separate district with the consent of the Municipal Board for Ireland, and despite the opposition of North Dublin Rural District Council.   in 1942 was transferred to Dublin county borough, with Dublin Corporation replaces the urban district council.    In 1993, it was away from the city and assigned Fingal County Council, the successor north of the river Liffey to Dublin County Council.  
Among Howth’s more famous residents are the Booker Prize -winning author John Banville, U2 drummer Larry Mullen, actor Stuart Townsend, born and raised in Howth. Senator and retail pioneer Feargal Quinn, author Michael Feeney Callan and musicians Barney McKenna (until his death April 5, 2012) and John Sheahan of The Dubliners and Dolores O’Riordan of The Cranberries. Phil Lynott of Thin Lizzy lived in Howth for a time.  the late politician and writer Conor Cruise O’Brien and his wife, the Irish poet Máire MHAC a tSaoi lived here for many years. Composer Ciarán Farrell currently lives in Howth. Multiple Eurovision winner Johnny Logan and his father lived tenor Patrick O’Hagan for many years in Howth, and Lynn Redgrave and husband John Clark raised his family there in the early 1970s. Bill Graham, a journalist and writer living in Howth until his death in 1996. John McColgan and Moya Doherty’s wife, founder of Riverdance, has lived in Howth for many years. William Butler Yeats spent part of his childhood in a small house above the cliffs on Balscadden Road in Howth. Broadcaster Seán Moncrieff lives in Howth with his family. Scott Young, who was a Canadian journalist, sportswriter, novelist and father of musician Neil Young and Astrid Young lived in Howth in the late 1980s. Composer Brian Boydell was born in Howth 1917. Current European Ombudsman Emily O’Reilly also lives in Howth with his family of seven. Actor writer and comedian Gary Cooke was staying at the Claremont Road, Howth in the 1970s and 1980s. The eminent judge Gerald Fitzgibbon lived here for many years until his death in 1909: his house, Kilrock, was one of the centers of the Dublin social life from the 1870s onwards.
Howth Harbour and the islands of Ireland Eye (closest) and Lambay Island in the distance
- Howth railway station was opened May 30, 1847  is a two platform station terminal served by the Dublin Area Rapid Transit.
- The Hill of Howth tram ran around the peninsula between the station and Sutton railway station until 1959th
- Small boats run to Ireland’s Eye in the summer months. The boats are located at the end of the pier. Ireland Eye is one of the best locations near Dublin for birdwatching.
- Dublin Bus runs 31 service to Howth Summit through Howth village and 31B serving more distant side of the peninsula. The 31B also ends in Howth Summit, but it does not pass Howth Village. The 31B offers stunning views especially upstairs.
There is also a new bus route that started to take effect in 2013 31A, which takes an almost identical way to 31, but does not stop at Howth Summit, but continues to Shielmartin.
- Howth is also home to the National Transport Museum of Ireland which houses many public service and road transport vehicles from the previous year. 
- References and sources list of monasteries and priories in Ireland (Dublin)
- List of towns and villages in Ireland
- List of RNLI stations
- Howth head
- Ben of Howth
- Hill of Howth Tramway
- Jump up ^ “Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area” (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 reports. Central Statistics Office of Ireland. April 2007. Taken 2011-06-08.
- Jump up ^ Dublin, Ireland, 1975; The houses of the Oireachtas: The placenta Order (Irish forms) (No. 1) (Postal) / A Tordu Logainmneacha (Foirmeacha Gaeilge) (. Uimh 1) (Postbhailte)
- Jump up ^ “Howth”. Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved July 6, 2012. This website quote: AD Mills (2003), A Dictionary of British place names , Oxford University Press.
- Hoppa upp^http://homepage.eircom.net/~HowthSuttonLions/environment.htm
- Hoppa upp^ Howth Sutton Baldoyle Chamber of Commerce
- Jump up ^ Local Government Board for Ireland. “Local Government (Ireland) seems”. Annual report for the year 1916-1917. Paper Command.Cmd.8765. p. 17.
- ^ Jump up to: abc Ministry of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (8 May 2008). “Appendix III – Some points of the city government.” A Green Paper on Local Government. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
- Jump up ^ “Local Government (Dublin) (Amendment) Act 1940”. Irish Statute Book. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
- Jump up ^ “SI No. 372/1942 – The Local Government (Dublin) (Amendment) Act, 1940 (appointed day) Order, 1942”. Irish Statute Book.Retrieved 4 December 2014.
- Jump up ^ “Local Government (Dublin) Act, 1993”. Irish Statute Book.Retrieved 4 December 2014.
- Jump up ^ He is buried in St. Fintan Graveyard at Sutton side of Howth Head, who is also the burial place of Charles Haughey, three times Prime Minister of Ireland
- Jump up ^ “Howth station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-09-03.
- Hoppa upp^ http://www.nationaltransportmuseum.org/about.html