County Wicklow (Irish: Contae Chill Mhantáin , [kɔnˠt̪ˠeː çɪl̪ʲ wantan]) is a municipality in Ireland. The last of the traditional 32 counties will be formed, as late as 1606, it is part avMid-East Region and is also located in the province of Leinster. It is named after the town of Wicklow, derived from the Old Norse name Víkingaló , which means “the Vikings ‘Meadow’. Wicklow County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county is 142,332 according to the 2016 Census.

Wicklow is colloquially known as the Garden of Ireland . [8] It is the 17th largest of Ireland’s 32 counties by area, is thirty-three miles in length with twenty miles in breadth, [9] and the 16th largest by population. [10] it is the fourth largest of Leinster’s 12 counties by size and the fifth largest in terms of population. Between 2011 and 2016 the population of the county grew by 4.2% [11]

The boundaries of the county was extended in 1957 by the Local Government Act [12] as “independent countries of the County of Dublin and the jurisdiction and powers of the Council of County Dublin” near Bray and added them to the County Wicklow. The neighboring counties are in south Wexford, Carlow to the southwest, west of Kildare and Dublin in the north.

Towns and Villages

See also: List of townlands in County Wicklow

  • Aghavannagh
  • Annacurra
  • Annamoe
  • Arklow
  • Ashford
  • Aughrim
  • Avoca
  • Ballinaclash
  • Ballinakil
  • Ballycoogue
  • Baltinglass
  • Blessington
  • Cry
  • Brittas Bay
  • Carnew
  • cool Fancy
  • coolboy
  • Coolkenno
  • Delgany
  • Donard
  • Dunlavin
  • Kerry
  • Glencree
  • Glendalough
  • Glenealy
  • Grangecon
  • Greenan
  • Greystones
  • Hollywood
  • kilbride
  • Kilcoole
  • Killincarrig
  • Kilmacanogue
  • Kilpedder
  • Kiltegan
  • Knockananna
  • The varnish
  • Laragh
  • Manor Kilbride
  • Meeting of the Waters
  • Newcastle
  • Newtownmountkennedy
  • Poulaphouca
  • Rathnew
  • Rathdrum
  • Red Cross
  • roundwood
  • Shillelagh
  • Stratford-on-Slaney
  • Tinahely
  • Valley
  • Wicklow
  • Wooden

physical geography

Geology and mountains

More information: Wicklow Mountains

The Wicklow Mountains range is the largest continuous mountain region in Ireland. The highest mountain in the area, Lugnaquilla, rises to 925 meters (3,035 ft), making Wicklow County, the second highest peak after Kerry. The Wicklow Way is the oldest waymarked long-distance hiking trail in Ireland, and the area is a popular attraction, as the region offers multiple choices of recreation including fishing before discharge into the Irish Sea at Arklow.The Slaneyär River in the western part of the county, bordering County Carlow. The Turlough Hill pumped-storage scheme, a significant civil engineering projects, carried out in the mountains in the 1960s and 1970s.The lakes are small but numerous, located mainly in the mountain valleys and glacial Corrie. They include Lough Dan Lough Tay, Lough Brae, lakes and Glendalough Poulaphouca reservoir (the largest volume).

History

Wicklow was the last of the traditional counties of Ireland to be shired in 1606 from land previously part of the counties of Dublin and Carlow.Established as a distinct county was aimed at controlling the local groups O’Byrnes. The Military Road , stretching from Rathfarnham to Aghavannagh crosses mountains, north to south, was built by the British Army to help them defeat the rebels still active in the Wicklow Mountains following the failed 1798 uprising. [13] it gave them access to an area that had been a hotbed of Irish rebellion for centuries. Several barracks to house the soldiers were built along the route and the Glencree Centre for Peace and Reconciliation was built along with the remnants of barracks där.Bataljoner of the Irish Army use firing ranges in County Wicklow for tactical exercises, especially the largest one in the Glen of Imaal which was previously used by British army before independence.

The ancient monastery of Glendalough is located in County Wicklow. During the Cromwellian invasion of Ireland, local authorities immediately surrendered without a fight. During the 1798 uprising, some of the rebels took refuge in the Wicklow Mountains, resulting in clashes between British troops and troops under the command of General Joseph Holt (1756-1826) near Aughrim and later in Arklow.

Local governments and politics

Main article: Wicklow County Council

The local authority is Wicklow County Council, which returned 32 councilors from five municipal districts (Arklow, Baltinglass, Bray, Greystones, Wicklow). All the previous council (Arklow, Bray, Grey, Wicklow) abolished under a new Local Government Act of 2014 local elections. For elections to Dáil Éireann, the county included in the Wicklow constituency along with some eastern parts of the county Carlow. The constituency returned five TDs to Dáil.

Dáil deputies

TD Party
Andrew Doyle Fine Gael
Simon Harris Fine Gael
anne Ferris Labour
Stephen Donnelly Social Democrats
Billy Timmins INDEPENDENT

County Council councilors

Political party members
Fine Gael 8
Fianna Fáil 7
Sinn Féin 6
Green Party Party ~~ POS = HEAD COMP 1
Other 10

Culture

Surrounding area west of Bray.

Mermaid County Wicklow Arts Centre, based in Bray. Mermaid is the county’s hub of artistic activity and creation, which offers a program in many art forms :. Visual arts, theater, opera, dance, art house cinema, comedy and music software [14] Two of the county’s festivals take place in Arklow, Arklow Music Festival and Arklow Seabreeze Festival.

The county is a popular filmmaking location in Ireland. Bray is home to Ardmore Studios, where many of Ireland’s most famous films, including John Boorman’s Excalibur and Zardoz , Jim Sheridan’s Oscar -winning In the Name of the Father , and several Neil Jordan films have been shot. The BBC seriesBallykissangel was filmed also in County Wicklow. Scenes from the movie PS I Love You was shot in the Wicklow Mountains National Park, while several scenes from other films, from Barry Lyndon to Haywire , have been filmed in the county. [15]

Media

  • WicklowNews.net is a popular news site in the county and was founded in 2010.
  • The local radio station in Wicklow is East Coast FM .In 2010, Radio Nova became the second local radio service is licensed for North Wicklow.The station broadcasts to Bray, Greystones, Kilmacanogue, Ennis and Blessington, besides Dublin, Kildare North and South Meath. It broadcasts to North Wicklow 95.7 from Bray Head and 100.3 FM. Beat 102-103 is also broadcast in parts of southern and western Wicklow towns and villages Arklow, Tinahely, Shiellagh, Baltinglass, Kiltegan and Carnew where borders Wexford and Carlow meet.
  • Local newspapers include Bray people , Wicklow Times , and Wicklow People .

See also

  • High Sheriff of County Wicklow
  • List of abbeys and priories in Wicklow.
  • Lord Lieutenant of County Wicklow

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Wicklow”. Central Bureau of Statistics . 2011.
  2. Jump up ^ For the 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  3. Jump up ^ Census of post 1821 figures.
  4. Jump up ^ http://www.histpop.org
  5. Jump up ^ Northern Ireland census of the population | Census Website
  6. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  7. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. Volume. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  8. Jump up ^ http://www.gardenexhibition.ie/
  9. Jump up ^ Wright, GN (1822). A Guide to the county of Wicklow.London: Baldwin, Cradock and Joy. en
  10. Jump up ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186-191. ISBN 0-340-89695-7.
  11. Jump up ^http://www.cso.ie/en/media/csoie/census/documents/Prelim%20complete.pdf
  12. Jump up ^ Irish statute book, municipal Provisional Order Confirmation Act, 1957
  13. Jump up ^ See Philip Smith (writer), An Introduction to the Architectural Heritage of County Wicklow. Dublin: Wordwell Press / Irish Government, the Ministry of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government, National Inventory of Architectural Heritage, in 2004.
  14. Jump up ^ If the Mermaid Arts Centre – Official Site
  15. Jump up ^ “Wicklow Film Commission – Filming in Ireland”. Wicklow Film Commission. 2011. Retrieved March fourteen 2011.