CategoryCounty Wexford

Selskar Abbey

Selskar Abbey is a ruined twelfth-century abbey in the town of Wexford. It was August 1st House whose real name was the Priory of St. Peter and St. Paul. The survivors are the ruins of the abbey founded around 1190 by Alexander de la Roche, ancestor of the Roche family, who holds the title of Baron Fermoy. [1]

There was an earlier church on the site: it was there in 1169 that Dermot MacMurrough signed the first Anglo-Irish peace treaty. [2] The leading Norman commander Raymond FitzGerald, nicknamed Le Gros and his wife Basila de Clare, sister of Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, nicknamedStrongbow , said to have been married there in 1174th

There is a long tradition that Henry II spent Lent of 1172 on Selskar Abbey, where he did penance for the murder of Thomas Becket. It is unclear how much truth there is in the story, although it is true that Henry was in Ireland at the time, and that Becket’s murder, some fifteen months earlier, was still the subject of great controversy.

We have a glimpse of the convent’s inner life through a letter that John Topcliffe, Lord Chief Justice of Ireland addressed to Henry VIII in about 1512. He complained that the monks as “time out of mind” had chosen their own Prior, had chosen a “good blessed religious man” who, Prior, but the abbot had turned him out. [3] it is unclear why the Chief Justice, an Englishman without local support, was so concerned about the deal, nor why he thought that the king would be interested. King’s response if someone is not registered.

The Abbey was suppressed in 1542 and given to John Parker, the Master of the Rolls in Ireland. [4] It passed later to the Stafford family. The Abbey was reportedly fired by Oliver Cromwell’s troops in 1649. [5]

Selskar Abbey is now a part of the Westgate Heritage Tower; it back to the public in July 2012. [6]

References 

  1. Jump up ^ Illustrated Dublin Journal 1862 Vol. 1 No. 22
  2. Jump up ^ Illustrated Dublin Journal
  3. Jump up ^ Ball, F. Elrington judges in Ireland 1221-1921 John Murray London 1926 Vol.1 pp. 212-3
  4. Jump up ^ Ball, p.205
  5. Jump up ^ Illustrated Dublin Journal
  6. Jump up ^ Wexford People July 11, 2012

Wexford Town

Wexford (from Old Norse: Veisafjǫrðr Irish: Loch Garman ) [2] is the county town of Wexford, Ireland. It is near the southeast corner of the island of Ireland, close to Rosslare Europort. The city is linked to Dublin from the M11 / N11 National Primary Route and the national rail network. It has a population of 19,913 (20,072 with surroundings), according to the census of 2011. [1]

History

Wexford is located on the south side of Wexford Harbour, the mouth of the River Slaney. According to a local legend, the town got its Irish name, County Wexford , by a young man named Garman Garbh drowned on the mudflats at the estuary of the River Slaney flood waters were a troll. The resulting loch lough and was thus named Loch Garman. The city was founded avvikingarna in about 800 AD. They named it Veisafjǫrðr , which inlet mud flats, and the name has changed only slightly in its current form. For about three hundred years it was a Viking town, a city-state, largely independent and dependent only token contributions to the Irish kings of Leinster.

But in May 1169 Wexford besieged by Dermot MacMurrough, King of Leinster, and his Norman ally, Robert Fitz-Stephen. Denordiska inhabitants resisted fiercely until the Bishop of Ferns persuaded them to accept a settlement with Dermot.

Wexford was an old English settlement in the Middle Ages. An old dialect of English, known as Yola, was spoken uniquely in Wexford until the 19th century.

As a result of the Crusades, the Knights Templar had a presence in Wexford.So far, their names immortalized in the old knight temp chapel yard Johannes cemetery, at Wexford Upper St. John Street.

County Wexford produced strong support for the League of Ireland during the 1640s. A fleet of the League hijackers were based in Wexford town, consisting of sailors from Flanders ochSpanien and local men. Their ships raided English Honourable shipping, provides some of the revenue to the federal government in Kilkenny. As a result, the city was sacked by English Parliamentarians during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland in 1649. Many of its inhabitants were killed and much of the city was burned. In 1659 Solomon Richardsutsågs governor, but he was dismissed and jailed after reset next year.

County Wexford was in the middle of the 1798 rebellion against British rule.Wexford town held by the rebels throughout the Wexford rebellion and was the scene of a notorious massacre of local loyalists of the United Irishmen, who executed them with taunts at Wexford bridge.

 

Redmond Square, near the train station, in memory of the older John Edward Redmond (1806-1865) who was the Liberal MP for the city Wexford.Inskriptionen reads: “.. My heart is with the city of Wexford Nothing can quench love, but the cold ground in the grave” His nephew William Archer Redmond (1825-1880) sat as an MP in Isaac Butt is Greenland’s Party from 1872 to 1880. the younger John Redmond, son of William Archer Redmond, was a devoted follower of Charles Stewart Parnell and leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party until his death in April 1918. He is buried in Redmond family vault at the old knight temp chapel yard Johannes cemetery, Upper St.John Street. Redmond Park was formally opened in May 1931 as a memorial Willie Redmond, [3] younger brother John Redmond. He was also an Irish Parliamentary Party MP, was killed in 1917 while serving with 16 (Irish) Division on the Western Front underMessines offensive, where he was buried. Willie Redmond had sat as an MP Parnellite Wexford from 1883 until in 1885.

Wexford success as a port city declined during the first half of the 20th century because of the ever-changing sand Wexford Harbour. [4] By 1968 it had become unprofitable to keep dredging a channel from the harbor mouth to the wharves to accommodate larger ships of the era, so the gate closed.The port had been extremely important for the local economy, with coal is a major import and agricultural machinery and grain exported. The woodworks fronted quays, which was synonymous with Wexford were removed in the 1990s as part of an ambitious plan to claim the berth as an amenity for the city and keep it as a commercially viable water. Despite bankruptcy entrepreneur, the project was a success.

In the early 21st century, a new port was built about 20 kilometers (12 mi) south at Rosslare Harbour, now known as Rosslare Europort. This is a deep-water harbor, unaffected by tides and currents. All major shipping now uses this port and Wexford Port is only used by fishing boats and recreational boats.

Culture

Wexford is home to many young and older theater groups, including Bui Bolgstreet performance group, Oyster Lane Theatre Group, Wexford Pantomime Society, Wexford Light Opera Society with the Chairman Colin Murphy and Wexford Drama Group.

Wexford has a number of stage and music venues including Wexford Opera House, Dun Mhuire Theatre and Wexford Arts Centre. Wexford’s Theatre Royal Opera House has recently been replaced by Wexford Opera House, and it hosts the internationally renowned opera festival every October. Dr Tom Walsh started the festival in 1951, and has since grown to become the internationally recognized festival it is today. Dun Mhuire theater holds musical events and bingo as well as hosting shows by Oyster Lane Theatre Group and Wexford Pantomime Society. Wexford Arts Centre exhibitions, theater, music and dance events. Various concerts are held in St. Iberius’s Church (Church of Ireland).

Until the mid-nineteenth century the Yola languages could be heard in Wexford, and some words remain still in use. The food in Wexford is also different from the rest of Ireland, due to the local cultivation of fish and shellfish, smoked cod is a symbolic dish of the region.

The National Lottery Skyfest held in Wexford in March 2011, providing a formidable fireworks and pyrotechnic waterfall on the city’s main bridge over 300m. [5] Bui Bolg ( Yellow Belly ) also performed at night. [5]

Architecture

Wexford has seen some major changes such as Key center in Quay West, the rebuilding of quayfront himself, Whites Hotel and the large new housing development of Clonard Village. The proposed development includes the development of a new large residential area on Carcur, a new river crossing at that point, the new city library, renovation of Selskar Abbey and the controversial redevelopment of the former site of Wexford Electronix.Although they moved the office environment ministry has been built close to Wexford General Hospital on Newtown Road.

Notable churches in the city include the “Twin Churches” St. Iberius Church, Bride Street and Rowe Street with their distinctive spiers, St. Peter’s College, with a chapel designed by Augustus Pugin; and Ann Street Presbyterian Church. A former Quaker meeting hall is now a band room in the High Street.The two churches can be seen from any part of Wexford and in 2008 celebrated its 150th anniversary.

Economy

From the employment point of important employers in and around the city are: Wexford Creamery, Celtic Linen, Wexford Viking Glass, Snap-Tite, Waters Technology, Kent Construction, Equifax and BNY Mellon. Coca-Cola operates a research facility that uses up to 160. [6] Eishtec operates a call center for British mobile operator EE, which employs 250. [7] Jack n Jones, Pamela Scott, A-wear and other retailers operating in the city.

In the public sector, employment is provided at Johnstown Castle from Teagasc, the Environmental Protection Agency headquarters in Johnstown, Department of Environment, Wexford County Council and Wexford General Hospital.

In May 2011, the official web portal for Wexford began involving municipalities, tourism Wexford and Wexford Means Business Website, aims to promote the value of Wexford as a business destination.

Tourist attractions

Curracloe Beach in Wexford was the site in 1997 for the opening scenes inSaving Private Ryan . [8]

The Irish National Heritage Park in Ferrycarrig contains various exhibits spanning over 9,000 years of Irish history, allowing the visitor to wander around re-creations of historic Irish home including Crannogs, Viking and Norman house soon. [9]

The Wexford Wildfowl Reserve is a Ramsar site based on the mudflats, (locally called slobland), just outside Wexford. [10] It is a migratory stop-off point for thousands of ducks, geese, swans and waders. Up to 12,000 (50% of world population) of the Greenland white-fronted geese spend the winter on the Wexford slobs. There is a visitor center with exhibits and an audiovisual show. [11]

Transport

Wexford railway station was opened 17 August 1874. [12] The railway line from Dublin to Rosslare Harbour runs along the quay on the northeastern outskirts of the city. In 2010 Ross Beach Waterford train service was canceled because of budget cuts at Irish Rail.

Wexford is also served by local and national bus network, mainly Bus Éireann, Wexford Bus and Ardcavan. There are also many local Taxi and Hackney suppliers.

Rosslare Europort is 19 km south of Wexford. Car ferries running between Fishguard and Pembroke in Wales and Cherbourg and Roscoff in France. The companies operating these routes Stena Line and Irish Ferries.

The nearest airport to Wexford is Waterford which is about an hour away (70 km). Dublin Airport and Cork Airport are both approximately two and a half hours away.

The city also has a shuttle bus that stops at the city’s main facilities.

Sports

Golf

Wexford Golf Club has a newly built clubhouse and course, which was completed in 2006 and 2007 respectively.

Football

The Wexford Youths Football Club have access to the League of Ireland in 2007. Wexford Youths is the first Wexford-based club to participate in the competition. Wexford Youths is a creation of the previous building TD Mick Wallace, who financed the construction of a complex for the new team home in Newcastle, Ferrycarrig. In 2015 the team won promotion to the Irish Premier League. The club launched Wexford Youths WFC, a women’s National League team in 2011.

Gaelic game

Wexford is also home to several Gaelic Athletic Association clubs. Although the town was traditionally associated with Gaelic football, with six teams that provide plenty of outlets for their young people, it was not until 1960 that the hurling took his footing, with a lot because of local man Oliver “Hopper” McGrath’s contribution to county All- Ireland hurling Final victory over the then champions Tipperary. Having made an early second-half goals to effectively kill off the opposition, McGrath went on to become the first man from Wexford town to get an All-Ireland Hurling medal winners.

One of the city’s local hurling club, Faythe Harriers, holds a record fifteen county minor championship after dominating minor hurling scene in the 1950s, 1960s and early 1970s. However, the high side had only briefly successful periods, after winning just five county senior championship.

Although the team has not reached the county senior football achievement since 1956, volunteers ( “Vols”) in Wexford Town to keep a record eleven county senior titles, as well as six smaller titles. Other notable Gaelic football clubs in the city’s SARS Fields, Mary of Maudlintown, Clonard and Saint Joseph’s.

Wexford had a brilliant hurling teams in the 1950s, which included the famous Rackard Brothers, Nicky, Bobby and Willie, art Foley who was the goalkeeper, Ned Wheeler, push in the right direction Kehoe, Tom Ryan, Tim Flood, Jim Morrissey, Nick O Donnell , to name a few.

Rugby

Wexford has a rugby club called Wexford Wanderers.

Boxing

Ireland’s former boxing head coach and Olympian Billy Walsh was born in Wexford town and has contributed greatly to the success of minors level boxers with local club St. Ibars / Josephs.

Training

There are five high schools serving the population of the city:

St. Peter’s College, Wexford (for boys), Coláiste Eamon Rice, County Wexford – CBS, Wexford (for boys), Presentation Secondary School, Wexford (for girls), Loreto Secondary School, Wexford (for girls), and Selksar College SC ( mixed).

People

  • John Banville, writer
  • John Barry, father of the American Navy
  • Eoin Colfer, author
  • Brendan Corish, politicians
  • Anne Doyle, RTÉ Journalism
  • Jane Elgee “Speranza”, the mother of Oscar Wilde
  • Gerald Fleming, meteorologist [18]
  • Brendan Howlin, politicians
  • William Kenealy, recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • John Kent, Newfoundland politician
  • Dave King, musician
  • Larry Kirwan, writers and musicians
  • Michael Londra, singer
  • Declan Lowney, chief
  • Thomas D’Arcy McGee, Canadian politicians
  • Dan O’Herlihy, actor
  • Bridget Regan, musicians
  • Billy Roche, playwright
  • Dick Roche, politicians
  • Kathleen Viscountess Simon champion. [19]
  • Declan Sinnott, musicians
  • John Sinnott, recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Pierce Turner, singer-songwriter
  • John Welsh, author
  • Kevin Doyle, soccer player
  • William Lamport, Irish soldier on the Zorro said to be based
  • Cry Before Dawn, rock band who achieved success in the late 1980s, going from Wexford.
  • John W Carr Freelance Photographer

Twin

Main article: List of twin town in Ireland

Wexford is twinned with the following places:

  • Annapolis, MD, United States [20]
  • Couëron, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France [21]
  • Lugo, Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy [22]
  • Staten Island, New York, NY
  • Yanga, Veracruz, Mexico [23]

See also

  • List of Market Houses in Ireland
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland
  • yola site

References

  1. ^ Jump up to: ab “Legal Wexford Town results”. Central Bureau of Statistics . 2011.
  2. Jump up ^ placental Database of Ireland is the county town of Wexford, Ireland
  3. Jump up ^ Wexford Hub
  4. Jump up ^ “Wexford Quay”. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  5. ^ Jump up to: ab Kane, Conor (21 March 2011). “Pyrotechnic spectacle banish the darkness.” Irish Times. Retrieved April 13, 2015 – via HighBeam Research. (Subscription required (help)).
  6. Jump up ^ independent.ie
  7. Jump up ^ eishtec.com
  8. Jump up ^ “Saving Private Ryan”. Filmography. Irish Film and Television Network. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
  9. Jump up ^ “The Park”. The Irish National Park. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  10. Jump up ^ “Wexford Wildfowl Reserve – About us”. National Parks & Wildlife Service. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  11. Jump up ^ “The Wexford Wildfowl Reserve.” Office of Public Works (OPW). Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  12. Jump up ^ “Wexford station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved seven September of 2007.
  13. Jump up ^ CSO.ie, census record 1821 figures.
  14. Jump up ^ Histpop.org
  15. Jump up ^ NISRA.gov.uk
  16. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  17. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468 -0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  18. Jump up ^ RTE.ie, the weather team at RTÉ website
  19. Jump up ^ Oldfield, Sybil (January 2008), “Simon, Dame Kathleen Rochard, Viscountess Simon”, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, retrieved January 4, 2013 (subscription required)
  20. Jump up ^ “Our city and history.”
  21. Jump up ^ “Jumeblages” [Vänorts] (in French).
  22. Jump up ^ “Twinning pact between the towns of Wexford and Lugo” (PDF).
  23. Jump up ^ “Llegan funcionarios de Irlanda en Yanga” [Irish officials arrive in Yanga] (in Spanish).

Tintern Abbey (County Fexford)

Tintern Abbey was a Cistercian monastery located on the Hook Peninsula, County Wexford, Ireland.

The Abbey – which is now in ruins, some of which have been restored – was founded in 1203 by William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, as a result of a promise he had made when his boat was caught in a storm nearby. Once established, the monastery was colonized by monks from the Cistercian abbey of Tintern in Monmouthshire, Wales, where the Marshal was also patron. To distinguish the two, was the mother house in Wales, which is sometimes called “Tintern Major” and its daughter abbey in Ireland as “Tintern de Voto (Tintern of the vow).

After the dissolution of the monasteries monastery and its grounds were first granted to Sir James Croft, and then in 1575 to Anthony Colclough Staffordshire, a soldier Henry VIII. His descendants became Colclough Baronets. The final member of the Colclough family to reside at Tintern was Lucey Marie Biddulph Colclough who donated the monastery to the nation.[1] Extensive research and restoration has taken place.

See also 

  • List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Wexford)

References 

  1. Jump up ^ “Tintern Abbey”. Wexford Web. Pulled 05/05/2011.

New Ross

New Ross (Irish: Ros Mhic Thriúin , former Ros Mhic Treoin ) is a city in southwest County Wexford, Ireland. It is located on the River Barrow, near the border with Kilkenny, and is about 20 km northeast of Waterford. In 2011 had a population of over 9316 people, making it the third largest town in the county after Wexford and Enniscorthy.

History

The harbor town of New Ross are from the pre – medieval. The earliest settlement in this area dates back to the 6th century when St. Abban of Magheranoidhe founded a monastery in what is now Irishtown. The original earth banked circular enclosure of his monastery were visible around the cemetery to about 10 years ago when it was solemnly removed by the Council. It has been replaced by a concrete and steel fence. Its name, Rose , was shortened from Ros Mhic Treoin or Wood’s Astley . Little is known about the city beforehand Norman times, with the exception of the writings of St.Abban, who lived in the late sixth century. He founded a monastery settlement, which is below today’s Stephen Cemetery in Irishtown.

New Ross was in the territory Dermot McMurrough and came to prominence when the Anglo-Normans conquered the region. Norman knight William Marshal and his bride Isabel De Clare came during the early part of the 13th century. A soil defensive structure called a counter rapidly built Old Ross to keep the newly captured territory. A medieval town grew up around it – populated by English and Welsh settlers. William later founded the port city at the river, leaving the native Irish living around the monastery up the hill.Isabella was the only child of Strongbow who was married to Aoife, daughter McMurrough Dermot, king of Leinster. The arrival of Isabella and William described in the Chronicles of Ross, who is in the British Museum. It records that in 1189, Isabella set about “building a beautiful city on the shore of Barrow.” The town’s fortunes grew further when King John, William Earl of Pembroke in his condemnation in 1199. A year later, the Earl Marshal brought Norman capital Leinster Kilkenny and New Ross became the main port.

The town grew around the bridge was built by William Marshal, son-in-law of Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (Strongbow), and a leader of the Norman invasion of Ireland. New Ross (city of the new bridge) was granted a royal charter in 1207. New Ross has so far (2013), a total of seven bridges … the first is a pure pontoon … ferrying two persons, goods and possessions of the River Barrow. The port received concessions from King John in 1215 and again in 1227, but these later revoked by Henry III and Edward I to protect the port of Waterford. Even with these decelerations, New Ross, Ireland’s busiest port in the 13th century. These restrictions were lifted in the 14th century by Edward II and Edward III.

Citizens’ needs are not forgotten, and a large church, St Mary’s Abbey, erected that was to become one of the largest churches in Ireland. St. Mary’s Church, known as Maria Abbey (Church of Ireland) was built in 1811 on the site of the nave of the abbey. The friary was built Friary Lane in medieval times, but no trace of it survives above ground in these dagar.En religious run lepers’ hospital founded in Osprey on the late Middle Ages, but this has recently been removed. There are two Catholic churches, both built in the 9th century. These are the parish church of St. Michael and St. Mary’s Church and August.

The town was fought over in the Irish League war of the 1640s. In 1643, the city withstood the siege by James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, who fought enstrid around with an Irish army under Thomas Preston, 1st Viscount Tara.However, it was later taken by Oliver Cromwell during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland in 1649 released three cannon shots at Aldgate and then it was known as the Three Bullet Gate. Three Bullet Gate referenced in several Irish ballads, somBearna bhaoil (gap of danger), such as Kelly boy from Guy Anne and above all in the Irish national anthem.

The city is a geographically important border crossing, located where it is on the river Barrow because it lies between the river estuary in the south and the point därfloden Nore adhere to Barrow in the north. It was the site of one of the bloodiest battles of the 1798 rebellion. During this uprising, a hard and decisive battle took place in New Ross 5 June between the Irish rebels and British forces. The poorly armed rebels captured most of the town of weight figures and drove out the defending soldiers. The soldiers returned later in the day and retook the town. Over 2,000 people died in the battle, and most of the thatched Margaret was burned.

On the 18th and 19th centuries was the pompous times for New Ross with the colonization of North America. Local merchants sailed their ships and returned to the colonies often carrying Irish emigrants. A copy of one of these ships, the Dunbrody , now moored on the quayside in New Ross and offers visitors to the ship an insight into life as a passenger in the late 19’s.Over the years, seven bridges across the River Barrow to connect the port of New Ross with its neighbors iRosbercon. But at various stages through the centuries, the bridges collapsed because of neglect or destroyed by the armies. [3] During the times when the city was without a bridge, a ferry line or passage is maintained between both sides and held military and economic ties with Waterford open .

People

  • Dunganstown, 6 km (4 mi) south of New Ross is the ancestral home of the Kennedy family that includes Joe Kennedy, John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, Robert Kennedy and Massachusetts Sen. Edward Kennedy, whose great grandfather Patrick Kennedy emigrated to America from there.
  • Other emigrants included grandparents in Eugene Gladstone O’Neill, American playwright and winner of the 1936 Nobel Prize in literature.Before emigrating, they lived in Rosbercon, across the River Barrow from New Ross.
  • Martin Doyle, Victoria Cross recipients
  • Father James Cullen, founder of the Pioneer Total Abstinence Association, was born in New Ross.
  • John Redmond, nationalist leader and politician, was MP for New Ross.
  • Michael O’Hanrahan, freedom fighter was executed in 1916, was born in New Ross. The current road bridge over the River Barrow is named after him.
  • Maverick Sabre contemporary singer / musician grew up in New Ross
  • Kevin Doyle Irish international soccer player who currently plays for Premier League side Crystal Palace on loan from Wolverhampton Wanderers
  • Greg Bolger Footballer based with League of Ireland side St Patrick’s Athletic
  • Gráinne Murphy Swedish International swimmer who won silver in the 1,500m freestyle at the European Long Course Championships in Budapest in 2010 and bronze in the 400m and 800m freestyle at the European Short Course Championships in Eindhoven in 2010.
  • Sean Connick Former Fianna Fáil TD from 2007 to 2011. The first TD in the history of the state to use a wheelchair.

Training

There are four elementary schools in New Ross, two for boys, one for girls and one mixed-sex school. The two boys schools are Michael Street National School which caters for children from Junior Infants to 1st class. They then move up to High School, New Ross CBS, as children move from second grade until the time they leave primary school in the 6th klass.Flickornas primary school, St Joseph’s, caters to students from Junior Infants to 6th Class. There is also a mixed school in New Ross, St. Canice’s, which is across the bridge in Rosbercon.

There are five schools in New Ross, is an all-boys, two all-girls and two mixed.

  • St. Augustine and Good Counsel College, New Ross, is an all-boys school which caters for over 750 students make it by far the largest school in New Ross.
  • St Marys and Our Lady of Lourdes are two totally girl high schools.
  • The two mixed schools professional institutes and CBS Secondary.

Sports

There are many sports organizations in the town of New Ross, which Geraldine O’Hanrahans GAA Club, New Ross RFC, New Ross Celtic Football Club, [4] New Ross Town Soccer Club, New Ross Boat Club, New Ross Badminton Club, New Ross Swimming Club , Dunbrody Archers, and New Ross Golf Club. Sports Organizations in New Ross has made great strides to serve the people of New Ross even better in recent years with the GOH GAA Club has recently completed a massive development at the club grounds contain a brand new clubhouse with a meeting room, six new changing rooms, a shop and a ball alley to add to their already impressive grounds.New Ross Celtic Football Club has also recently completed a major development in its club grounds in Butler Country. They now have a clubhouse, two full size soccer pitches and two astro-turf sites. New Ross RFC recently added a second pitch to cope with the increasing popularity of his club. The future looks bright for the sport in New Ross especially with Merty Whelan leading defense.

Art and culture

Theatre has a long history in New Ross goes back to the Middle Ages, many performed on the site of the Church of St. Michael, which now houses the art center cities, St. Michael Theatre. The present building was built in 1806, eight years after the Insurrection of 1798 and served as the parish church until 1902 when the new parish church, Maria & Michael, was opened. St. Michael’s Theatre has a 300-seat theater, 50-seat studio venue, an art gallery, a cinema, a cafe and a bar. Now a full-fledged arts center, the St. Michael’s 12 employees who take a year-round arts program, theater, music, dance and visual art, unparalleled in the southeast. (Www.stmichaelsnewross.com)

The city has one of the largest free festivals in Ireland, JFK Dunbrody Festival celebrates the Dunbrody famine ship. The festival is held the third weekend in July each year and attracts crowds of over 25,000. Centered on three outdoor concerts in the city park, the festival has also French and Irish markets, cultural and sporting events, and a lively pub tracks. NOTE In 2010, a fee was introduced for entry into the main concert in the city park,

New Ross has a wide range of music, including local rock bands, singers and groups of trees.

There are a number of choirs in New Ross and the town also hosts musical stage performances each year, as well as “AIMS” Choir Festival. In addition, New Ross Piano Festival is held every year at St. Mary’s Church of Ireland Church. New Ross is home to New Ross Musical Society, New Ross Pantomime Society and New Ross Drama Workshop, all produce very successful productions each year with local casts.

Ros Tapestry what can only be described as a monumental work that highlights the history and culture of craft and skill of all involved. Ros Tapestry is a true community initiative created in County Wexford and Kilkenny and displayed in New Ross. Conceived in 1998, created by over one hundred and fifty embroiderers and millions of stitches that depicts Anglo-Norman history southeastern Ireland. [5]

Transport

Road

The road passes Barrow is the key N25 road that connects Cork, Waterford City 18 km (11 mi) away and Rosslare Harbour 40 km (25 mi) away.

The N30 links Enniscorthy and New Ross.

The main roads through the city, causing major traffic jams.

In 2015 it was announced that work would start on the New Ross Bypass.Bypass, which is expected to be completed in 2018, will be a 14 km long dual carriageway that will connect the N25 and N30. [6]

bus Services

The city is served by several bus lines and its main stop is at the dock (both sides of the road). There are a large number of services to and from Waterford each day. Bus Éireann is the main provider provides the Expressway services to Dublin and Dublin Airport (Route 4 ) and Rosslare Europort and Cork (Route 40 ), and local services to Campile, Wellingtonbridge and other places in South County Wexford. Wexford Bus operate a service between Wexford and Waterford while Kilbride Coaches operate a road that connects the city to Kilkenny. Wexford Local Link services perform Enniscorthy.

Rail

The city has an abandoned railway line from Waterford. When opened in 1887, ran the line through the Macmine Junction on the Dublin to Wexford line and later in 1904 the line was opened (with an intermediate station at Glenmore) to Waterford.

1963 line from Macmine John closed and the track was removed; remaining branch from Waterford stayed open planned “groceries” traffic, however, this ended in 1976.

The line officially remains open for implementing specific fertilizers traffic[7] Albatros fertilizer factory in the town. While the last fertilizer special ran in 1995 [8] and Irish Rail no longer carries fertilizer traffic remains New Ross station officially open, but the rail at level crossings on the main Waterford Road, and at the station gates are now over. The line is now effectively closed the connection to the main line at Abbey Junction in Waterford has been removed. The last train to run was a prayer weeds trains 1994.

Many residents work in surrounding towns such as Waterford, Wexford and Kilkenny. Resume railway would allow an easy commuter alternative to these areas and solve local traffic problems. New Ross railway station was opened September 19, 1887 closed to passenger traffic March 30, 1964 and closed for freight September 6, 1976. [9]

Sea

New Ross, Ireland’s only inland port, some 32 km (20 mi) from the sea by the river Barrow. A small port has recently been built just downstream from the city. The Tall Ship Asgard II gave sail training, often docked in New Ross on his travels and many locals have sailed the ship from its home port.

Economy

Until the creation of large vessels to reach the port in the 19th century, New Ross was a thriving seaport. However, the river is too shallow to allow the passage of large ships and port gradually began to fall. The city continued to be a thriving market town in the rich agricultural hinterland, but suffered a severe recession in the 1970s, 1980s and early 1990s. Now there is a small amount of industry in the area and most business center services and retail even the local retail industry is under pressure from a number of major stores like Tesco, Lidl and Aldi that attracts customers from the center to the outskirts. But the city is so small that many of these stores are within walking distance of each other.

Lately, have benefited from professional make their homes in the city working in Waterford, about 25 km (16 mi) away. There is also a strong international community, mainly Eastern European, New Ross, in connection with the transport and manufacturing. There are two Polish shops and a Lithuanian. A degree of tourism in the context of the Dunbrodyreplica famine ship, and the connection with the Kennedy family benefits even city.

Tourism

Ros Tapestry Exhibition Centre is located on the quay in New Ross, is a series of 15 embroidered Tapestry panels. Showing Celtic Ireland watching Celtic rituals, Female warrior and the Brehon Law, to early Christian Ireland shows the collision of pagan and Christian worlds, the Vikings in Wexford and the ousting of Diarmait MacMurchada from his kingdom of Leinster and sailing to France to seek King Henry II . Leading to their main theme Norman arrival in Ireland in May 1169. depicted also the greatest knight who ever lived William Marshal who married Isabel de Clare heiress of Strongbow, the Earl of Pembroke and grandchildren to Diarmait MacMurchada. Together William and Isabel turned the wilderness on the banks of Deep River Barrow creates the city of New Ross, which became one of the most successful and rich ports in Ireland with over 400 ships moored at some point. Discover castles, forts and the lighthouse built by them, all beautifully painted in thread.

New Ross is home to the Dunbrody replica famine ship is moored at the dock, and allows visitors to experience the sights and smells of life on board an emigrant ship.

A statue of John F. Kennedy is on the quay. The statue was unveiled in July 2008 by his sister Jean Kennedy Smith.

JFK Dunbrody Festival is held every year in July in the city and centers mainly on live music on the festival stage.

In the picturesque village of Duncannon, 21 km (13 mi) south of New Ross historic Duncannon Fort is located along the beautiful Blue Flag beach.

The Browne Clayton Monument is located on New Ross – Wexford Road (N25), about 12 km (7.5 mi) east of New Ross.

The Hook Lighthouse is 39 km (24 mi) south of New Ross and is believed to be one of the oldest operational lighthouses in the world.

The family Kennedy Homestead, the ancestral home of US President John F. Kennedy is 8 km (5.0 mi) south of New Ross and JFK Arboretum which is dedicated to the memory of the late President is also the southern part of the city.

Vänorts

New Ross has twinning agreements [10] with the communities:

  • Hartford, Connecticut
  • Moncoutant, Poitou-Charentes, France
  • Newcastle, County Down

Various

New Ross plays a role in a story from the soap opera Days of Our Lives in the January-February 2008 with Shirley Jones as an aged Colleen Brady, who reveals himself as the true mother of John Black. The scenes set in New Ross.

New Ross is home to the Ros Tapestry project, a large community initiatives implemented throughout the county Wexford by a group of volunteer embroiderers. The fifteen fabric panels is expected to be completed in 2010. The tapestries depict the events surrounding the arrival of the Anglo-Normans in the South East of Ireland, and especially the founding of New Ross William Marshall. [11]

The Tholsel (Town Hall) was built in 1749 by Charles Tottenham, a member of a Protestant Ascendancy family, then very prominent in the city. Its facade has three notable plaque. One is that Michael O’Hanrahan, freedom fighter. Another is that the Father Cullen, temperance Pioneer. The third is celebrating the centenary of “you glorious Battle of the Boyne.”

At the Church of Ireland church near Old Ross is a memorial to the victims of the 1798 massacre Scullabogue Children.

June 29, 2008 Jean Kennedy Smith, sister of the late President Kennedy presented a statue of his brother at the Quay in New Ross. [12]

National Ploughing Championships 2012 held in Heath Park just outside New Ross. They ran from Tuesday, September 25th to Thursday the 28th. Over 187,000 people participate in the World Cup during the three days.

June 22, 2013 thousands of people gathered on the quay in New Ross to witness a torch lit from the eternal flame at the grave of John F. Kennedy brought ashore. It burned for four days before it must be re-ignited. Emigrant flames next to the Dunbrody Famine Ship in New Ross was lit from the torch, in a ceremony and day-long celebration. Among those present were the Taoiseach Enda Kenny and many relatives of the family JFK.

See also

  • Moncoutant
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland
  • Market Houses in Ireland

References

  1. Jump up ^ Census 2006 Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area (Dublin: Stationery Office on 27 April 2007) – p. 120. PDF (4.22 MB) – Central Statistics Office (Ireland). Downloaded the 19 May 2008.
  2. Jump up ^ http://www.cso.ie/census and http://www.histpop.org.Post 1991 totals for the City of New Ross, New Ross surroundings, and New Ross Rosbercon cities. For a discussion of the accuracy of pre-svältfolkräknings return see JJ Lee “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish bills” in the Irish population, economy and society, edited by JM Gold Strom and LA Clarkson (1981) P54 and even “New developments in the Irish population history , 1700-1850 “by Joel Mokyr and Cormac Ó GRADA in the Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 37, No. 4 (November 1984), pp. 473-488.
  3. Jump up ^ New Ross Bridge
  4. Jump up ^ New Ross Celtic Soccer Club website.
  5. Jump up ^ http://www.rostapestry.com
  6. Jump up ^ New Ross Bypass
  7. Jump up ^ Johnson’s Atlas & Gazetteer of the railway in Ireland, (Stephen Johnson) Midland Publishing Limited
  8. Jump up ^http://eiretrains.com/Photo_Gallery/N/New%20Ross/A&Bindex.html
  9. Jump up ^ “New Ross station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways.Hämtad19 November 2007.
  10. Jump up ^ http://www.newrosstc.ie/ New Ross town council website
  11. Jump up ^ http://www.rostapestry.com
  12. Jump up ^ Irish Times 30 JUNI 2008

Ferns, County Wexford

Ferns (Irish: Fearna , meaning “al trees” card Fearna Mór Maedhóg ) is a historic town in the north of County Wexford, Ireland. It is 16 km (10 mi) from Enniscorthy, därGorey Enniscorthy N11 road joins the R745 regional road. The remains of Ferns Castle is in the center of the city.

View of Ferns from the castle tower.

History

Ferns are thought to have formed in the 6th century, when the monastery was founded in 598 dedicated to St. Mogue of Clonmore (St.Aidan) who was a bishop of ferns. [7] The city became the capital icon Kingdom of Leinster and also the capital of Ireland when the kings of the south part of the province established its headquarters in power. It was a very big city yet, but shrunk in the fire that destroyed most of the time. The city stretched all the way down and longer than the River Bann (tributary of the River Slaney), if it is not burned, it has been one of Ireland’s largest cities idag.Kung Dermot MacMurrough founded St. Mary Abbey as a house of the Augustinian Canons c. 1158 and was buried there in 1171. [8]

Ferns Castle, an Anglo-Norman fortress built in the 13th century by William the Earl Marshall. Today, about half of the castle remains. The city also contains 13th century St Edan’s Cathedral (Church of Ireland) this Cathedral is not the original, but the ruins of the original can be found a few meters away from the existing and the existing cathedral today is not fully restored cathedral that was supposed to be (there was order by queen Elizabeth in the construction of its former self of O’Byrnes Wicklow but they only returned part), which is the cathedral today. It can be seen as an artifact and a museum, and of course a church. The tower and the Chapter House was put on in the 19th century. There are also several high crosses and parts of the cross.

The old Catholic Church was at the northern end of town to the 1970s, when there was a roof problems. Parish Priest at the time ordered it, the clearance by the parish to demolish it. A convent is St. Aidan convent of worship now in its stead.

The foundation stone for the new church of St. Aidan was on the Feast of St. Aidan January 31, 1974 the foundation stone is on the northwest corner of the wall of the church at the entrance to the sacristy. The new Catholic church was completed in 1975. During the 2000s, the new church went under a major renovation since it also had a roof leakage problems of the roof and so on, there was an earlier roof problems 15 years after the church was built.They replaced the slate with new composite metal materials, the interior is also renovated and some minor changes were made to the appearance of the building.

A plaque listing the names of parish priests, from 1644, is on the wall to the right of the altar next to the organ. The organ in St.Aidan Catholic Church is more than 100 years old and used to be a “pump” body until the parish changed it into electricity. The pipe organ was transferred from the old church to the new church, and is still in use. Denanglikanska Cathedral and New Catholic Church is open daily Anglican Cathedral – all day and The New Catholic Church – 09:00 until around 4:00, usually or sometimes later on Fridays.

19th century the population reached a peak in 1851, but never reached the levels of the middle ages. Lewis topography of 1834 claimed the town “consists mainly of an irregular street, and includes 106 houses indifferently built, retains no trace of its former significance.” [9] The Abbey, St. Peter’s Church (Catholic and Anglican), and the rest of the great cathedral considered as holy places and is regarded as the Church still this includes the monastery now has the title of a church and monastery.

annalistic references

See Annals of Inisfallen (AI)

  • AI741.1 Kl. The rest of Cúán.u, abbot of Ferna and Flann.Feórna son of Colman, king of Ciarraige Luachra [died].

Religion and heritage

The city gave the name to the Diocese of Ferns (both Catholic and Church of Ireland). The city’s religious traditions live on today through the recent establishment of Ferns in a hermitage.

The whole history of modern Ireland are derived from Ferns – Diarmuid MacMurrough, king of Leinster invited the Normans in 1169 to help him fight his battles (they never left) – he sealed the deal with her daughter Aoife marriage of Strongbow.

Ferns have evidence of four different periods in Irish history. Archaeological excavations have revealed homes of copper, iron, early Christian and Norman eras.

Ferns have many church sites dating from the early Christian period by Norman and medieval times. Ancient monuments include

Ferns Castle (Visitor Centre May to late September – 10:00 to 17:00 Open daily, houses Ferns tapestries)

Cathedral cemetery

The tomb king Dermot MacMurrough

Maria in August Abbey

St. Edan’s Cathedral

The remainder of the great medieval Gothic cathedral

High cross Ferns

St. Mogue s Cottage

St. Peter’s Church

St. Mogue s Well

Monument to Father John Murphy (who was born near Ferns)

St.Aidan Church (New Catholic Church)

St. Aidan monastery of worship (monastery in the old Catholic Church site)

For more information about Ferns Heritage http://www.fernsvillage.ie/ferns-heritage-page.html

Transport

Ferns is located on the N11 road connecting Dublin to Wexford.

Regular (almost every hour) bus link Ferns to Dublin and Rosslare are provided by a number of companies.

Ferns railway station was opened November 16, 1863, closed for passenger traffic March 30, 1964 and to freight traffic November 3, 1975 before eventually closes completely on March 7, 1977. [10]

People

  • Anne Doyle – former RTÉ newsreader
  • Dermot MacMurrough (d 1171). – Former King of Uí Cheinnselaig and Leinster
  • Gordon D’Arcy professional Ireland and Leinster rugby player

See also

  • Ferns Inquiry
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland.

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area” (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 reports. Central Statistics Office of Ireland. April 2007. Taken 2011-06-11.
  2. Jump up ^ “Census of record 1821 figures.” Central Statistics Office of Ireland. Retrieved 2010-01-28.
  3. Jump up ^ “Histpop – Online Historical Population Reports website.”Histpop.Org. 04.02.2007. Retrieved 2010-01-28.
  4. Jump up ^ NISRA. “Census website.” Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Retrieved 2010-01-28.
  5. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  6. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468 -0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  7. Jump up ^ Blue Guide, Ireland. Brian Lalor. (p248) ISBN 0-7136-6130-5
  8. Jump up ^ Gwynn, Aubrey; R. Hadcock Neville (1970). Medieval monasteries Ireland. London: Longman. pp. 175-176. ISBN 0-582-11229-X.
  9. Jump up ^ Lewis, Samuel (1837). A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland. Dublin, Ireland: Samuel Lewis. p. 624th
  10. Jump up ^ “Ferns station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Pulled 10/14/2007.

Enniscorthy

Enniscorthy (Irish: Enniscorthy ) is the second largest town in County Wexford, Ireland. At the 2011 census, the population of the city and surroundings 10,838. [1] The placenta Database of Ireland [2] shedding no light on the origin of the city name. It can refer either to “island Corthaidh” or “island Rocks”. With a history dating back to 465Enniscorthy is one of the longest continuously-occupied sites in Ireland. [ Citation needed ] Cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Ferns is located in the city.

Transport

Enniscorthy has a railway station on the Dublin Rosslare line. The line ends at Rosslare Europort. The station was opened on November 16, 1863. [3]There is a bus stop at Temple Shannon with connections to Waterford, Dublin and other cities.

In October 2015, started working in Enniscorthy Bypass. The new pass will consist of a 27km highway connecting the N11 with the M11 motorway. This highway will be located east of Enniscorthy; allowing motorists to stay away from the center. The project will also include a single carriageway linking the N30 with the M11. [4]

History

Enniscorthy Castle

Enniscorthy Castle is an impressive Norman stronghold, which dates from 1205 and was a private residence until 1951. The castle was built by DePrendergasts. In the early 1580s, the poet Edmund Spenser leased property that included the castle. [5]

The castle was once owned by Sir Henry Wallop. The castle was the site of many fierce battles during the Cromwellian years and also during the 1798 Rising. The castle houses the Wexford County Museum, which contains extensive 1798 uprising-related materials, as well as items of local and agricultural interest. It was closed for major renovation from 2007 until May 2011.

Vinegar Hill

Vinegar Hill – view from Enniscorthy.

Vinegar Hill ( Cnoc Fhiodh na gCaor in Irish which translates as “hill of carry-tree”), a pudding-shaped hill overlooking the city, was the largest camp and headquarters rebels of 1798 who controlled Wexford thirty days against the vastly superior forces, before their defeat on 21 June. But many managed to flee south through a gap in the British lines from General Needham (now called Needham Gap). During this time, Beauchamp Bagnell Harvey explained the president of the Wexford Republic.

1798 Visitor Centre (Áras 1798)

1798 Visitor Centre devoted to the history and the aftermath of the 1798 Rising, put it in its European context. It is housed in the old Assembly of Christian Brothers monastery. [6] The Visitor Centre offers people a chance to see what famous figures were involved in the 1798 Rising.

Saint Aidan’s Cathedral

Main article: St. Aidan’s Cathedral

After relaxation of the penal laws in the early 19th century, it became possible for the Roman Catholic community to consider building a cathedral to replace it in the Ferns had set aside for use by the Church of Ireland during the English Reformation. Built in 1843, St. Aidan’s Cathedral [7] was designed by Augustus Pugin, famous for having designed London’s Houses of Parliament. The cathedral is in the Gothic Revival style. Notable features include the striking facade, a reredos carved from Caen stone and a large northern windows with intricate stone traceryen.Domkyrkan then much renovated (in line with the reforms issued by the Second Vatican Council). It was restored to near its original design in 1994 when the authentic colors, materials and techniques were used. The restoration took a year, during which time the cathedral service was held at St Mary’s Church (Church of Ireland) nearby.

1916 Rising

In 1916, Enniscorthy patriots again took their place in history, when James Connolly requested Enniscorthy volunteers take and keep the railroad to prevent reinforcements from reaching Dublin. 600 volunteers took the town, led by Robert Brennan, Seamus Doyle and JR Etchingham, surrounded the police station, but did not try to take it. RIC barracks held by a police inspector and five constables while a RIC sergeant and a constable prevented the rebels from taking over a bank in the city. They established their headquarters at the Athenaeum and held control until asked attkapitulera of Padraig Pearse.

The volunteers have also established a strong position in Vinegar Hill, overlooking the city. The railroad was cut and sent men to Gorey and Ferns.The government responded by sending a force of more than 1,000 men to recapture Enniscorthy and the rebels withdrew to their positions at Vinegar Hill. Before the fighting could be developed, the news of the Dublin capitulation arrived, but the volunteers refused to believe it. To avoid bloodshed, the army commander Colonel FA French offered safe passage Wexford leaders, so they could go to Dublin and to hear about the transmission directly from Pearse. There were no deaths.

Enniscorthy today

Amenities

Enniscorthy located on the river Slaney, and have short walks next to the north and south, in the West Bank. It is the cathedral town of the diocese of Ferns and has two Catholic churches scattered across two parishes – St.Aidan and St. Senan’s, in the shadow of Vinegar Hill. The city also hosts a Church of Ireland, a common Methodist / Presbyterian Church, a non-denominational Christian Church Alive, a Society of Friends meeting hall and a Masonic Lodge. There is a pool / recreation center several sports fields including a rugby club and a GAA club and several hotels including the four star Riverside Park Hotel. Around the city there is a golf course with 18 holes, several pitch and putt, lake fishing, and a five-star spa Monart is just next to “The Still Pond”. The city also has several historic sites and museums. Young people complain about the general lack of facilities for them to use. Plans for a skatepark presented but these were rejected by the City Council considered there was no funding available. festivals:

  • Strawberry Fair. This is an annual event that takes place in the last week of June. It consists of the pleasures of Bellfield, live bands and the crowning of the Strawberry Queen on the square.
  • Blackstairs Blues Festival. This is an annual event, now in its eighteenth year. Festival includes international and local artists, in an amount of late concerts and open verkstäder.Festivalen contains a free pub track and late night club festival.
  • Enniscorthy Street Rhythms and Dance Festival. This is an annual event that takes place in the two weekend of August. The festival includes dance exhibitions, a parade, fireworks, a concert and dance workshops for children, adults and dancers.

Training

Enniscorthy has four second-level schools: Cola ice tea Bride, Mary CBS, Enniscorthy Vocational School and Meanscoil Gharman.

People

  • Wallis Bird, Irish musicians and singers.
  • Walter Bogan, born in the city, fought in the Civil War for the Union Army. He served in many major battles and fired the last cannon at Gettysburg.
  • Martin Cash, a transported prisoner who became a bush ranger in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania, Australia) was born in Enniscorthy 1808th
  • Anthony Cronin, poet and survival of Flann O’Brien and Samuel Beckett was born in Enniscorthy.
  • Maria Doyle Kennedy, Irish singer and actress who lived in the city as a child.
  • William Henry Grattan Flood (1859-1928), a prolific writer, historian and musicologist, residing in Enniscorthy from 1895 until his death in 1928.
  • Eileen Gray was born in Browns and later became known as a furniture designer and architect.
  • Daryl Jacob, jockeys and riders of the winning horse in the 2012 Aintree Grand National is from Enniscorthy.
  • Bill Lacey, dual international footballer, who played for both Liverpool FC and Everton FC in the early 20th century.
  • Guglielmo Marconi’s mother was Annie Jameson, grand-daughter of the founder of the Jameson Distillery. The location of the distillery, is now known locally as “The Still” about two miles outside Enniscorthy.
  • Adam Nolan, a welterweight boxer who represented Ireland at the Olympics in 2012.
  • Racehorse trainer Paul Nolan is based on Toberona stables in David Town.
  • Colm Tóibín, born in the city, has written several novels in the area.
  • Gerard Whelan, author, born and living in Enniscorthy.
  • Padraig O Laoghaire, researchers, ultramarathoner, leader in November Project San Francisco

Literature

Enniscorthy mentioned in Ithaca chapter of James Joyce’s Ulysses (p. 812) as a flyleaf note in a book of Leopold Bloom, where it is described as “Ennifcorthy, Wicklow, the finest place in the world” (sic). Several poems by Thomas Kinsella was based in Enniscorthy. Colm Tóibín’s 2014 novel Nora Webster is in Enniscorthy and surrounding sites in County Wexford.

Film

Enniscorthy is home to Eilis Lacey, the central character in the film Brooklyn. In the film, set in the early 1950s, Eilis traveling alone from Enniscorthy to Brooklyn because of the lack of opportunities for her hemma.Enniscorthy credited as one of the filming locations for the movie. [8]

Commerce

Davies Distillery

As early as 1824 Francis Davies, a Miller operated a Spirit business from its mill in Enniscorthy. [9] Davies employed since John Mullaly distillers. Mullaly had previously worked as a distiller with John McKenzie & Co. in Mill Street, Belfast. When temperance reformer Theobald Mathew campaign against alcohol, many distilleries in Ireland closed. [10] After Davies distillery closed, Mullaly and his family cast their lots together and emigrated to Australia in Salsette 1840. [11]

George Killian Red

Enniscorthy was the site of a regional microbrewery opened in 1864 and is owned by descendants of George Killian Lett. During operation Killian’s ale was sold almost entirely in Wexford County. Latvian brewery still operates today, but no longer brews its own products. They are now focusing on wholesale to shops, bars and hotels. [12] Killian red still sold abroad, and the brand is currently held by Bras Pelforth, SA

Ceramics

Carley Bridge Pottery is one of Ireland’s oldest pottery, have made earthen pots for over three hundred years. Paddy Murphy was also a Enniscorthy potters and in 1980 founded the Hill View pottery next to his home and close to Carley Bridge ceramics. The dead end “Potters’ Way” is named after him – that he would go that route to his home. Since his passing, has Hillview pottery taken over by his relationship with Derek O’Rourke.

Enterprise Centre

Enniscorthy Enterprise & Technology Centre business support and training for small and medium-sized enterprises. The center specializes in the support of startup businesses and skills of people in employment in Co.Wexford. The difference between an Enterprise Centre and other business units are the services. The rent is not just a place, but it is part of the structure that promotes and supports a business. The environment and facilities are designed to help businesses and also promote a professional image to customers.

International relations

Main article: List of twin town in Ireland

Enniscorthy is twinned with:

  • Gimont, France. [13] [14]

Enniscorthy was the host city of Canada, for the 2003 Special Olympics.

See also

  • Battle of Vinegar Hill 1798
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland.
  • Market Houses in Ireland

References

  1. ^ Jump up to: ab “Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area” (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 reports . Central Statistics Office of Ireland. April 2007. Retrieved May fourteen 2011.
  2. Jump up ^ placental Database of Ireland
  3. Jump up ^ “Enniscorthy station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways .Retrieved seven September of 2007.
  4. Jump up ^ “Enniscorthy Bypass”. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  5. Jump up ^ Oxford DNB
  6. Jump up ^ Visitor Centre
  7. Jump up ^ St. Aidan’s Cathedral
  8. Jump up ^ “Brooklyn filming locations”.
  9. Jump up ^ [1] Piggots Directory 1824
  10. Jump up ^ Father Mathew a biography – John Francis MacGuire (Longman Green, Longman, Roberts and Green Lon 1863
  11. Jump up ^ [2] Passenger List Salsette
  12. Jump up ^ Gofree.indigo.ie, Latvia website
  13. Jump up ^ “Enniscorthy Twinning” (PDF). Wexford County Council report (page 108) . Retrieved 23 June 2008.
  14. Jump up ^ fr: Gimont

County Wexford

County Wexford (Irish: Contae Loch Garman ) is a municipality in Ireland.It is in the province of Leinster, and is part of the South East region. It is named after the town Wexfordoch was based on the historical Gaelic territory Hy Kinsella ( Uí Ceinnsealaigh ), whose capital was ferns. [3] [4]Wexford County Council is the local authority for länet.Befolkningen in the county is 145,273 according to the census of 2011.

History

Main article: History of County Wexford

Wexford town c. 1800.

The county is rich in evidence of early human habitation. [5] Portal tombs(sometimes called dolmens) appearing on Ballybrittas (on Bree Hill) [6] and påNewbawn [7] – and date from the Neolithic period or earlier. Remains from the Bronze Age period is considerably more widespread. [5] Early Irish tribes formed the Kingdom of Uí Cheinnsealaig, an area slightly larger than the current County Wexford.

County Wexford was one of the earliest areas in Ireland that Christianized, in the early 5th century. Later, from 819 onwards, the Vikings plundered many Christian sites in the county. [8] Wexford town became a Viking settlement at the end of the 9th century. [8]

Wexford was the site of the invasion of Ireland by the Normans in 1169 on behalf of Diarmuid Mac Murrough, King of Uí Cheinnsealaig and king of Leinster (Laigin), which led to the subsequent colonization of the country by the Anglo-Normans.

The native Irish began to regain some of their former territories in the 14th century, especially in the northern part of the county, especially in the context of Art MacMurrough Kavanagh. According to Henry VIII, the great religious houses were dissolved, 1536-1541; County Wexford this included Glascarrig Priory, Priory Clonmines, Tintern Abbey and Dunbrody Abbey.

On 23 October 1641, broke a major rebellion in Ireland and Wexford produced strong support for the League of Ireland. Oliver Cromwell and his English Honourable army came in 1649 in the county and captured it. The countries of the Irish and Anglo-Normans were confiscated and given to Cromwell’s soldiers as payment for their services in the Honourable army.PåDuncannon, in the southwestern part of the county, James II, after his defeat at the Battle of the Boyne, board Kinsale and then to exile in France.

County Wexford was the main area where the Irish rebellion in 1798 was fought over which significant battles occurred at Vinegar Hill (Enniscorthy) and New Ross. The famous ballad Boolavogue was written in memory of Wexford Rising. At Easter 1916, a small rebellion occurred at Enniscorthy town, in line with that of Dublin. [9] During World War II, German planes bombed Campile. [10] [11] In 1963, John F. Kennedy, then President of the United States, visited county and his ancestral home on Dunganstown, near New Ross.

Geography and political subdivisions

Wexford is the 13th largest of Ireland’s thirty-two counties in area and 14th largest in terms of population. [12] It is the largest of Leinster’s 12 counties in size, and the fourth largest in terms of population. The county is located in the southeast corner of the island of Ireland. It is bounded by the sea on two sides-on the south by the Atlantic Ocean and on the east by St. George Channel and the Irish Sea. The River Barrow forms its western border. The Blackstairs mountains are part of the border in the north, as well as the southern edge of the Wicklow Mountains. The neighboring counties Waterford, Kilkenny, Carlow and Wicklow.

Towns and Villages

  • County Town: Wexford
  • Koping: Gorey
  • Adams
  • Arthurs
  • Ballycanew
  • Ballycullane
  • Bally Edmond
  • Ballyfad
  • Ballygarrett
  • Ballyhack
  • Ballymitty
  • Bally William
  • Bannow
  • black water
  • Bree
  • Bridge
  • Broadway
  • Bunclody
  • Camolin
  • Campile
  • Castle
  • Castle
  • Cleariestown
  • Clohamon
  • Clonroche
  • Coolgreany
  • Courtown
  • Craanford
  • Crossabeg
  • Cullenstown
  • Curracloe
  • Duncannon
  • Duncormick
  • Enniscorthy
  • ferns
  • Fethard-on-Sea
  • Foulkesmill
  • gorey
  • Holly Fort
  • Inch
  • Killinierin
  • Kilmore
  • Kilmore Quay
  • Kilmuckridge
  • Kiltealy
  • Mona Molin
  • Monaseed
  • Murrintown
  • Mona Geer
  • Monbeg
  • Newbawn
  • New Ross
  • Oulart
  • Oylegate
  • Poulpeasty
  • Rathangan
  • Rosslare
  • Rosslare Harbour
  • Raheen
  • Rathnure
  • Saltmills
  • Taghmon
  • Watch House Village
  • Wellingtonbridge
  • Wexford

County Wexford is known as Ireland’s “sunny south east” because, in general, the amount of sunshine received daily higher than in the rest of the country.This has resulted in Wexford become one of the most popular places in Ireland where the bo.Länet has a mild but changeable oceanic climate with few extremes. The North Atlantic Drift, a continuation of the Gulf Stream, moderate winter temperatures. There is a meteorological station located at Rosslare Harbour. [19] January and February are usually the coldest months, with temperatures between 4-8 ° C on average. [20] July and August are usually the hottest months, with temperatures at 12-18 ° C on average. [20]the prevailing winds are from the southwest. [21] Precipitation falls throughout the year. Average annual rainfall is between 800-1200 mm. [22] In general, the county will have less snow than the more northern parts of Ireland. Serious snowfall is relatively rare, but can occur. The only exception is the Mount Leinster, visible from a large part of the county, which is often covered with snow during the winter months. Frost is often during the winter months, less in coastal areas.

Mountains and hills

Flack fertile soil characteristic landscape of the county. The highest point in the county is Mount Leinster (795 m, [23] 2610 ft) in the Blackstairs mountains in the northwest on the border with County Carlow.

Other highlights:

  • Black Rock Mountain, which is 599 m (1,965 ft) high. It is located near the border Wexford-Carlow, in County Wexford.
  • Croghan Mountain (or Croghan Kinsella ) on the border between Wexford Wicklow – 606 m (1,988 ft) high
  • Annagh Hill 454 m (1,490 ft), near the border Wicklow
  • Slieveboy of 420 m (1,378 ft) high

Notable Hills include: Carrigbyrne Hill, Camross (or Camaross) Hill (181 m),[24] Carrigmaistia (167 m), [24] Bree Hill (179 m), [24] Gibbet Hill, Vinegar Hill, Slievecoiltia and Forth Mountain (237 m), [24] and Tara Hill.

Rivers and Lakes

The major rivers are the Barrow and Slaney.

At 192 km (119 mi) in length, the River Barrow, the second longest river on the island of Ireland. [25]

Other smaller rivers noting Owenduff, Pollmounty, Corrock, Urrin, Boro, Owenavorragh, Sow and Bann rivers.

There are no major freshwater lakes in the county. Small sea lakes or lagoons are in two locations – one is called Lady’s Island Lake and other Tacumshin Lake.

The Wexford Cot is a flat-bottomed boat used for fishing on the tidal mudflats in Wexford, [26] is also a canoe-shaped Punt equipped with a gun, called Floatin Wexford traditionally used for shooting game birds in North Slob mud flats. [27 ]

Islands

The Saltee Islands located 5 km off the coast of Kilmore Quay, while the smaller islands Keeragh is 1.5km offshore from Bannow.

Earth

Most, but not all, of the county was covered by inland ice during the last ice age. As the ice retreated, County Wexford would have been one of the first areas to be covered with glacial operation (a mixture avstenblock, clay, sand and gravel), which covered the existing bedrock. This has resulted in high quality soils, suitable for a wide range of agriculture. A very detailed soil survey of the county were published in 1964 as part of the “National Soil Survey of Ireland”. It classifies each area of the county in accordance with its specific soil type. [28]

Most of the county is covered with soil called brown soils , described as well-drained and have a wide range of applications. After gleys (poorly to imperfectly drained with a limited range) is the next major soil type, mainly in the southeastern part of the county and east of Gorey (along the coast).Gleys are scattered elsewhere around the county in small areas, and where they exist they generally form marshland. The last major soil type is brown podzolics , located mainly near the edges of the Blackstairs mountains and around Bunclody and baronies Shelmalier East and South Ballaghkeen.Although there are areas covered by other types of land, these are limited in scope.

Flora

Common species of trees include oak, ash, maple, alder, blackthorn, hawthorn, beech and birch. Uncommon (but plentiful) are wild cherry and pine (also called red business). Elm is now much less common, because of the devastating effects avalmsjukan. Gorse (or furze) is very common. A priority habitat in Wexford is gray mud, which many indigenous wild plants grow, including the bee orchid and pyramidal orchid. Despite the appointment of a large part of this habitat somsärskilt conservation area, it remains threatened by the destruction of agricultural intensification [ citation needed ] . There is very little natural forest in the county. Most natural trees and vegetation growing on the hedges.

Fauna

Southeastern Wexford is an important place for wild birds, the northern side of Wexford Harbour, the North Slob, is home to 10,000 Greenland white-fronted geese each winter (about a third of the world’s population), while in the summer Lady’s Island Lake is an important nesting site for terns, especially the roseate tern. The gray heron is also seen.

The entire county pheasant, pigeon and wild pigeons is widespread. Swans, wild ducks, kingfishers and owls (long-eared owl, the short-eared owl and barn owl) are less common -. But abundant Red Grouse, once common, are now extremely rare. The species has been in decline for decades. Threats are habitat degradation, disease, predation and excessive hunting. Red Grouse in Ireland are now considered endangered. [29] [30] The corncrake, also once very common, are now almost never seen. Less-birds such as crows, swallows, robins, wrens and so on-are very common. The first magpies in Ireland were recorded by Robert Leigh Rose Garland, County Wexford, have appeared in County Wexford around 1676. [31] [32] land mammals include badgers, rabbits, otters, hedgehogs, foxes, mink, raccoons, squirrels (red and gray), rats (brown and black – both introduced species), and mice (wood (or field) ochhus). Two types of hare -the Irish (or mountain) hare and less common brown (or European) Hare -is found. Hare is not nearly as common as rabbits. The stoats ( Mustela erminea hibernica ) is also quite vanligt.Lokalt ermine is so often incorrectly called a weasel.

Only two types of seal are available on Wexford’s coastal Atlantic gray seals are very plentiful in the coastal areas, but somewhat less common (or harbor) seal is less common, but plentiful. The small tortoiseshell butterfly(red-orange color, with black spots) are the most common species of butterfly in the county. Different types of catfish are also common. The common frog is abundant, and is the only type of frog found.

local authorities

Wexford County Council has twenty-one members. The Wexford constituency represented by five deputies in the Dáil: John Browne (FF), Paul Kehoe (FG), Brendan Howlin (Lab), Liam Twomey (FG) and Mick Wallace (Ind)

Culture

Since 1951, an opera festival, Wexford Festival Opera, takes place every year at the Theatre Royal in Wexford town and runs for several weeks. [33] A new opera house has recently replaced the old in the same place, it is now called Wexford Opera House. The new theater opened in 2008 and consists of two theaters, O’Reilly Theatre and Jerome Hynes Theatre.

It is a well-known song tradition in County Wexford. With an abundance of traditional songs, many of which relate to the uprising in 1798, the county has for years maintained a strong presence in the Irish traditional song scen.Noterade singers include All-Ireland Fleadh Champions Paddy Berry, Seamus Brogan and Niall Wall. Paddy Berry has also collected and published a number of songs from Wexford.

Beaches in Curracloe, was Wexford used for filming the opening scenes in the movie Saving Private Ryan which portrayed the D-Day assault on Omaha Beach. The Count of Monte Cristo , directed by Kevin Reynolds, partially filmed in the village of Duncannon 2000 – Duncannon Fort used for one of the most important scenes. [34] the film Brooklyn (film) was partly filmed in Enniscorthy and featured some of the locals as extras.

Media

  • There are two radio stations based in the county, Southeast Radio [35]and beat FM . [36]
  • The county’s main newspapers include Wexford People , New Ross Standard , Gorey Guardian and Enniscorthy Echo .

Tourist attractions

The scenic Bannow Drive, popular with tourists, is a signposted path through four villages Wexford: Duncormick, Cullenstown, Bannow and Wellingtonbridge.

Ballyteigue Burrow, located near Duncormick, is one of the finest protected sand dune systems in Ireland. Rich in flowers, animals and butterflies, is 9 km long coastline a protected nature reserve of the golden sands of Ballyteigue Bay, with spectacular scenery.

The Hook Peninsula is known for its many beaches and spectacular scenery.It has the medieval Hook Head Lighthouse and the historic townland of Loftus Hall.

Popular beaches are in Courtown, Curracloe, Carnsore Point, Duncannon and Rosslare Strand.

Other points of interest include:

  • Ferns Castle and Abbey [37]
  • Enniscorthy Castle and Museum
  • Vinegar Hill
  • National 1798 Visitor Centre [38]
  • Boolavogue
  • The Browne-Clayton monuments
  • Oulart Hill
  • Castleboro House [39]
  • Seven “castle” of Clonmines
  • Johnstown Castle
  • Bay dollars
  • Loftus Hall – deserted haunted house (the first Hall was built at this place in 1350) www.loftushall.ie
  • Ballyteigue Castle
  • Bannow Church (dates from the 13th century)
  • Selskar Abbey, Wexford town
  • Irish National Heritage Park (Ferrycarrig)
  • Tacumshin windmill (Southeastern Wexford)
  • St. Mary’s Church (New Ross)
  • Dunbrody Abbey
  • Tintern Abbey [40]
  • Slade Castle
  • Ballyhack Castle
  • JF Kennedy homestead park
  • Slieve Coilte
  • Wells House and Gardens
  • Duncannon Fort
  • Saltee Islands

Economy

Agriculture

The economy is mainly agricultural. Cattle, sheep, pigs and some horse-breeding are the main types of farming practiced. Poultry farming, once popular, have much reduced. Wheat, barley, rape and oats are grown, as well as potatoes. sugar is no longer grown because of the withdrawal of EU subsidies. The numbers involved in agriculture has declined over many years and many of the seasonal workers are now Eastern Europeans. Mushrooms are also grown indoors. Tomatoes cultivated under glass, for example at Campile.

Wexford strawberries are known and can be purchased in stores and roadside stalls throughout the summer. Every year, in late June, takes a “Strawberry Fair” Festival venue in the town of Enniscorthy, and a Strawberry Queen is crowned. Milk is an important part of the agricultural industry. Locally produced milk is sold in many supermarkets. Wexford Irish Cheddar is an award-winning brand and Carrigbyrne, a plump soft cheese, produced near New Ross.

forestry

Evergreen species widely cultivated, especially in recent years- fir and Sitka spruce are the most common varieties planted. These are generally sown in poorer quality soils (mainly in bogs and hills or mountainsides). A small amount of deciduous trees also planted, but these require better soils.

Mining

Silver was once mined at Clonmines-mainly in Tudor times. Lead broken at Caim, 1818 – c. 1850 this mine also contains zinc; the two are usually found together. Copper ore (malachite) is found at Kerloge, just south of the town of Wexford. Iron is found in small amounts in Courtown Harbour. The county is not known mineral reserves. No significant mining activity is currently practiced, except for quarrying stone. During 2007, a major oil discovery made 60 kilometers off the Hook Head in Co Wexford. [41]

Energy

Bally Water Wind Farm , near Kilmuckridge – the largest wind farm in County Wexford (consisting of 21 wind turbines).

Carnsore Point made national headlines in late 1970 after a proposal to build a nuclear plant there; plans were abandoned after protests from the public, due to environmental concerns and health. [42] A wind farm has now been built on the site, with 14 wind turbines produce electricity. It was completed in November 2002 and was the first wind farm on the east coast of Ireland.Wind turbines are now at a few other places in the county, such as Bally Water Wind Farm, at Cahore (near Kilmuckridge), the county’s east coast, and Rich Wind Farm, located in the southeastern part of the county.

Great Island Power Station was opened in 1967 and operated by the Electricity Supply Board (ESB) until it was sold to Endesa in January 2009. [43]There is an electricity generating station operated by heavy fuel oil and has an output of 240 MW. [44] it located at the confluence of the rivers Barrow and Suir, close to Campile. Before its sale, the station is scheduled to close by 2010. [45] [46] Endesa propose to build a 430 MW combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) gas-fired plant in place. [44] The project would need a new 44.5 km of gas pipepline from existing transmission network in Baunlusk, 6 km south of Kilkenny City. [47]

Transport

  • Road: Recent years have seen a major upgrade of the county’s main roads.
  • Bus: Wexford and Dublin are also linked by the bus Éireann route 2, [48] .While Route 5 runs Waterford-New Ross Enniscorthy Dublin [49] There are many local bus routes radiating from Wexford town to places somKilmore Quay, Lady Island, Kilmuckridge, etc …
  • Rail: The Rosslare-Dublin railway runs through the county, earning Euro Ross, Rosslare Strand, Wexford, Enniscorthy and Gorey. Four trains run in each direction every day (three on weekends), with additional commuter traffic from Gorey. DenRoss-Limerick railway line that crosses the southern part of the county now mothballed but maintained (that served stations Bridgetown, Wellington Bridge, Ballycullane and Campile).
  • Ferry: Rosslare Europort, located at Rosslare Harbour, runs a busy ferry service. There are regular departures to Wales (Pembroke and Fishguard) and France (Cherbourg and during the summer months tillRoscoff) for passengers and vehicles. There are also ferry services operating between Ballyhack and Passage East (Waterford), cross the Barrow estuary.

Sports & Events

Gaelic game

Main article: Wexford GAA

GAA is very popular in the county, which is most noted for hurling. Wexford last won the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship in 1996, beat Limerick in the final. However, there has been a rapid decline since then in terms of framgång.Under recent years, the county’s football team has made rapid progress. Camogie, a women’s version of hurling, played well, and Wexford won the All Ireland in 2007 and 2010. Wexford Park is the county’s most important GAA pitch. Although handball played on a limited extent; There are a number handball alleys located throughout the county.

Football

Wexford Youths FC was founded in 2007, is the biggest football club in the county, currently playing in the League of Ireland Premier Division.

Golf

There are many golf clubs in the county – including Rosslare (a links course),[50] and Enniscorthy. [51] Another two located near Gorey – Ballycastle Golf Club and Courtown Golf Club -. Is the 18-hole golf courses [52] Bunclody Golf and Fishing Club, which boasts Europe’s only golf elevator, located just inside the County Carlow. [53] There are also some others. New Ross Golf Club, but is actually located in County Kilkenny – about 1 km from New Ross town. [54]

There are also many par-3 courses in the county, such as Scarke Golf Course & Driving Range, [55] which is located about 2 km east of New Ross town, “Abbey Par 3” course at the Winning Town, Fethard-on-Sea Blackwater par 3 Golf course, [56] Kilnew, Blackwater, which is a few kilometers northeast of the town of Wexford, Garrylough golf course and driving range, Screen Rathaspeck Manor Golf course, Rathaspeck near Rosslare (there are also some par-4 holes on this course). There are also a number of other par-3 courses in the county.

Marina at Kilmore Quay.

Fishing

Very maritime activity takes place – especially at Kilmore Quay and Slade, but also on a smaller scale in many other places. Common fish species include herring, mackerel, cod, monkfish, whiting, bass, perch, gurnard, haddock, mullet, Pollock, John Dory, sole, conger eel, shad, salmon, trout, pike, carp and tench. Shellfish including mussels, cockles, mussels, snails, mussels and oysters.

Racing

Wexford racecourse (horse race) is located at Wexford town [57] and there is a greyhound tracks in Enniscorthy. [58]

People

  • John Barry – Commander United States Navy.
  • John Banville – journalist and writer (winner of the Booker Prize in 2005).
  • Paddy Berry – singer, song collector and folklorist.
  • Wallis Bird – musicians.
  • Jim Bolger ONZ – former Prime Minister of New Zealand. [59]
  • Jim Bolger -. Horse Trainer [60]
  • Myles Byrne – participants in the Irish rebellion 1798th
  • Thomas cloney – participants in the Irish rebellion 1798th
  • John Henry Colclough – participants in the Irish rebellion in 1798
  • Eoin Colfer – best-selling children’s author.
  • Brendan Corish – Irish Labour Party leader and Tánaiste.
  • Gordon D’Arcy – Rugby Player, Leinster and Ireland.
  • Francis Danby – 19-century painters.
  • Padraic Delaney – actor.
  • John Doran (British Army officer)
  • Anne Doyle – RTÉ newsreader.
  • Kevin Doyle – football player.
  • Shane Dunphy – author, journalist, sociologist, broadcasters and musicians.
  • John French – grandfather of George Harrison
  • Nicholas French – former RC Bishop of Ferns.
  • Nicholas Furlong – author, journalist and historian.
  • John Harrison – recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Beauchamp Bagenal Harvey – participants in the Irish rebellion in 1798
  • Edward Hay – author of a history of the Irish uprising in 1798
  • Herbert Hore – historian.
  • Patrick Kennedy – great grandfather of John F. Kennedy (former US president).
  • Father John Murphy – participants in the Irish uprising 1798th
  • Aidan O’Brien – horse trainer
  • Joseph O’Brien (jockey) – son of Aidan O’Brien and horse trainer, former jockey
  • Michael O’Hanrahan – Irish rebels were executed for fighting in the 1916 Easter Rising.
  • Nicky Rackard – hurling player.
  • John Redmond – 19th-20th century nationalist politicians.
  • Billy Roche – playwright.
  • Dick Roche – politicians.
  • Patrick Roche – politicians
  • James Ryan – politician and Irish revolutionary.
  • Martin Storey – hurling player.
  • Colm Tóibín – Booker Prize-nominated writer.
  • Michael Balfe – 19th century composer, grew up in Wexford.
  • Major GEH Barrett-Hamilton – zoologist, grew up in Kilmanock
  • Des Bishop – New York-born comedian, went to school in County Wexford.
  • Chris de Burgh – Argentine-born singer-songwriter, based in County Wexford.
  • Anna Maria Hall (Mrs. SC Hall) – 19 century author, grew up in Bannow.[61]
  • Eileen Gray – 20th century Irish furniture designer and architect and a pioneer of the modern movement in architecture, raised in Enniscorthy.[62]

Demography

In 2011, the county had a total population of 145.320 people. Of these, 62.1% lived (89.709 people) in rural areas and 37.9% (55.611 people) lived in urban areas. [63] 34.3% of the county’s population (49.889 people) were aged under 25 and 12.6 % of the population (18.367 people) were older than 65 years.87.9% of the county’s population stated their religion as Roman Catholic, and 4.2% said they had no religion. Other religions made up the rest. [64]Between 2002 and 2006, the population of the County Wexford increased by 13% (15.153 people). [65] and between 2006 and 2011 the population increased by a further 10% (13.524 people). [66]

See also

  • Ireland portal
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland
  • List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Wexford)
  • Lord Lieutenant of Wexford
  • High Sheriff of Wexford

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Wexford County”. Central Bureau of Statistics . 2011.
  2. Jump up ^ Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area (Dublin: Stationery Office, April 27, 2007) PDF (4.22 MB) – Central Statistics Office (Ireland). Downloaded the 16 May 2008.
  3. Jump up ^ Furlong , p. 18.
  4. Jump up ^ Byrne, Irish Kings and High Kings , pp 130-164.
  5. ^ Jump up to: ab Stout, Geraldine. “Essay 1: Wexford in Prehistory 5000 BC to 300 AD “in Wexford: History and Society , pp 1-39.
  6. Jump up ^ “Ballybrittas Portal Tomb (with photo) – well preserved”.Megalithomania.com. Retrieved sixteen May 2008.
  7. Jump up ^ “Newbawn Portal Tomb (with photo) – badly dilapidated.”Megalithomania.com. Retrieved sixteen May 2008.
  8. ^ Jump up to: ab Annals of the Four Masters (AFM)
  9. Jump up ^ Furlong and Hayes , pages 46-70.
  10. Jump up ^ Furlong , p. 143rd
  11. Jump up ^ “bombing of Campile remember.” Wexford People. 1 September 2000. Retrieved 21 May 2008.
  12. Jump up ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186-191.
  13. Jump up ^ For the 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  14. Jump up ^ Census of post 1821 figures.
  15. Jump up ^ http://www.histpop.org
  16. Jump up ^ “NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (c) 2015”. Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. 2010-09-27. Pulled 12/24/2015.
  17. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  18. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468 -0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  19. Jump up ^ Ross MET Station.
  20. ^ Jump up to: ab “Climate – 30 years Mean – Ross MET Station – monthly and annual mean and extreme values (1961-1990)”. MET Eireann website. Retrieved 14 May 2008.
  21. Jump up ^ “Climate – Wind”. MET Eireann website. Retrieved 15 May 2008.
  22. Jump up ^ “Climate – Rain – and map (average annual precipitation (mm) 1961-1990)”. MET Eireann website. Retrieved 15 May 2008.
  23. Jump up ^ The Times Atlas of the World , p. 107 (Map – Ireland).
  24. ^ Jump up to: abcd OSI, Discovery Series 77 .
  25. Jump up ^ “FAQ – longest river in Ireland.” Ordnance Survey Ireland (OSI) website. Archived from the original November 19, 2007. Retrieved 19 May 2008.
  26. Jump up ^ Wexford Cot Rowing for pleasure
  27. Jump up ^ Wexford Killiney Coast, Series 4, Episode 6, www.bbc.co.uk
  28. Jump up ^ Gardiner, MJ & Pierce Ryan. The land in County Wexford .Dublin: An Foras Talúntais, in 1964.
  29. Jump up ^ [1] archives June 7, 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  30. Jump up ^ “Teagasc – Environment”. Client.teagasc.ie. Pulled 12/24/2015.
  31. Jump up ^ Herbert F. Hore (ed.), “A Chorographic Account of the southern part of the county of Wexford, written Anno 1684, by Robert Leigh. Esq., Of the Rose Garland, as the County “ in ” The Journal of Kilkenny and the South East of Ireland Achaeological Society ” (Dublin,1859), p. 467th
  32. Jump up ^ See William Thompson, “The Natural History of Ireland” , Vol. 1 – (London, 1849), p. 328, for additional information – other historical accounts mentioned here confirms Leigh statement.
  33. Jump up ^ “Wexford Festival Opera.” Wexfordopera.com.
  34. Jump up ^ “The Count of Monte Cristo will Duncannon”. Wexford People. 28 August, 2008. Retrieved 18 July 2008.
  35. Jump up ^ “South East Radio – Wexford”. Southeastradio.ie.
  36. Jump up ^ http://www.beat102103.com/ Beat 102-103 Official website
  37. Jump up ^ “Ferns Castle”. Heritage Ireland website. Retrieved 15 May 2008.
  38. Jump up ^ “National 1798 Visitor Centre”. National 1798 Visitor Centre website. Retrieved 15 May 2008.
  39. Jump up ^ “Castleboro House, burned in 1923”. Abandoned Ireland.
  40. Jump up ^ “Dunbrody Abbey”. Dunbrody Abbey Visitors Centre website.Retrieved sixteen May 2008.
  41. Jump up ^ “Irish firm reports significant oil find off the Hook Head.”Irish Independent. 10 October 2007. Retrieved 10 May 2008.
  42. Jump up ^ “Remembering Carnsore crusade”. Wexford People. 12 September 2001. Retrieved nineteen May 2008.
  43. Jump up ^ Slattery, Laura (26 February 2011). “Spanish energy company Endesa putting Irish unit for sale”. Irish Times. Fetched 1 November 2011.
  44. ^ Jump up to: ab “Endesa Ireland – Great Island Power Project – Project Description”. Endesa. Fetched 1 November 2011.
  45. Jump up ^ “Great Island power station”. ESB website. Archived from the original The 18 April 2008. Retrieved ten May 2008.
  46. Jump up ^ “No more smoke from the chimneys.” New Ross Standard. 30 April 2008. Retrieved ten May 2008.
  47. Jump up ^ “Great Island pipeline plan.” New Ross Standard. 1 November 2011. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
  48. Jump up ^ [2] archives October 7, 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  49. Jump up ^ [3] Filed 13 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  50. Jump up ^ Rosslare Golf Club (18 holes).
  51. Jump up ^ Enniscorthy Golf Club (18 holes).
  52. Jump up ^ Courtown Golf Club website.
  53. Jump up ^ “Wexford Bunclody Golf Club”. Bunclodygfc.ie.
  54. Jump up ^ Map of New Ross Golf Club website.
  55. Jump up ^ Scarke Golf Course & Driving Range website.
  56. Jump up ^ Blackwater Par 3 Golf Course website.
  57. Jump up ^ “Wexford Racecourse”. Retrieved ten May 2008.
  58. Jump up ^ “Enniscorthy Greyhound Track.” Irish Greyhound Board website. Retrieved ten May 2008.
  59. Jump up ^ Jim Bolger
  60. Jump up ^ Jim Bolger (racehorse trainer)
  61. Jump up ^ Anna Maria Hall biography on ricorso
  62. Jump up ^ [4] On Eileen Gray
  63. Jump up ^ “Census 2011 Results”. Central Bureau of Statistics . 2011.
  64. Jump up ^ “Wexford”. Central Bureau of Statistics . 2011.
  65. Jump up ^ 2006 Census , Volume 1, p. 13.
  66. Jump up ^ “Census 2011 preliminary results”. Central Bureau of Statistics . 2011.

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