CategoryCounty Westmeath

Lough Ennell

Lough Ennell (Irish: Loch Ainninn ) is a lake near the town of Mullingar, County Westmeath, Ireland. It is located next to the N52 road, outside Mullingar / Kilbeggan way. [1] It is approximately 4.5 mi (7.2 km) long and 2 mi (3.2 km) wide, with an area of approximately 3540 acres (14, 3 km 2 ). It has a large area of shallow water with nearly two-thirds of its area (8 m) less than 25 feet, and almost half of it is below 10 feet (3.0 m) deep. Lough Ennell produced Ireland’s largest ever lake trout of 26 pounds (11.8 kg). [2] Lough Ennell is dotted with islands, many of which have now been linked to the shoreline as the levels of the lake have changed. [3] The main ~ ~ POS = TRUNC river that flows into Lough Ennell is the river Brosna, entering the earth side of the lake, leaving on the opposite side of Lilliput. Lilliput and Lilliput House was often used by Jonathan Swift as a holiday and place to write, local tradition says that Jonathan Swift was in a boat on the lake when he looked back at Lilliput and noticed how small people looked at that distance, that is the inspiration for its most famous book Gulliver’s travels .Lilliput at the time called “Nure” but after the publication of Gulliver’s Travels locals began to refer to the lake as Lilliput, firm name, and today the area is known as Lilliput.

Etymology

O’Donovan’s Ordnance Survey Letters trace the beginning of the name Lough Ennell, or as it is known in Irish Loch Ainninn . According to tradition, contemporary Lough Ennell and Lough Owel derive their names from the two brothers, Ainninn and Vair who lived in the lakes. They were the sons of the kings of the Fir Bolg, and it was at their respective lakes Ainninn and Uair died lakes provide their names. Over the years the name was anglicised toLough Inill . The maps were named Lough Ennell, Lough enyne or Lough enyl .When Rochforts took the title as the Lords of Belvedere they tried to change the name Lough Ennell to Lake Belvedere . [3]

Features

The Loughside has a caravan and camping park, boat hire facilities, hotels and restaurants and fishing. Belvedere House is also an attraction and managed by the County Council, is hosting a number of sporting and cultural events each year, such as concerts and triathlon.

Angling

Lough Ennell fishing is part of the Shannon Regional Fisheries Board Fisheries Midland Group handled the water. Trout and pike are the main catches. [2] More recently, it seems that the stocks of both games and of course fish in the lake has decreased, there is speculation locally that the reason for this.

Sports

  • Westmeath County Council has banned the use of jet skis on the lake.The ban came into force in October 2006 and currently in force does not speed boats.
  • The shores of Lough Ennell host Mullingar Golf Club, the local golf club in the north east of the lake.
  • Sea host Triathlons at Lilliput and Belve.

Gallery

  • October 2004
  • north east coast
  • Early morning summer sunrise
  • March 2007

See also

  • List of Loughs in Ireland

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Lough Ennell”. Discover Ireland. Retrieved 8, 2009.
  2. ^ Jump up to: ab “Fishing: Lough Ennell”. Shannon Regional Fisheries Board. Retrieved 8, 2009.
  3. ^ Jump up to: ab “Lough Ennell – name”. Ask about Ireland. Archived from the original on November 23, 2007. Retrieved 8, 2009.

Lough Owel

Lough Owel (Irish: Loch ULL ) is a mesotrophic lough in the Midlands of Ireland, situated north of Mullingar, the county town of Westmeath. It has a maximum depth of 22m. [1] Water from Lough Owel feeds Djurgården, a canal crossing Ireland from Dublin to the River Shannon. Access to the lake can be gained from a parking lot and pier to the south of the N4 Mullingar to Longford route.

Lough Owel and Lough Ennell are two of the many lakes that form the River Brosna River basin. The Brosna is a tributary of the Shannon flowing through Mullingar and Kilbeggan both Westmeath, and from there through the city Clara (Offaly) in Shannon.

The Viking chieftain Turgesius drowned in Lough Owel of Máel Sechnaill Mac Mail Ruanaid in 845th

Since 1996 the lough has received international protection as a Ramsar site.[2] It is known for its bird life and is also well known among anglers and have some char together medöring.

References  

  1. ^ Jump up to: ab Lough Owel SPA. NPWS
  2. Jump up ^ [ “archived copy”. Archived from the original on July 10, 2007 is taken. July 10, 2007. /datazone/sitefactsheet.php?id=626 Important Bird Areas factsheet. Lough Owel] BirdLife International (2013).Retrieved from “File copy”. Archived from the original 10 christmas in 2007. Retrieved July 10, 2007. On 28.07.2013

Athlone

Athlone (/ æ θ l oʊ n /; Irish: Athlone , which means “city of Luan’s Ford”) [1]is a city on the river Shannon near the southern shore of Lough Ree in Ireland. It is the largest city in the Midlands region. Most of the city lies on the eastern side of the river; However, the terms of the Local Government Act of 1898, six townlands location on the western shore of the Shannon considered a part of the city and thus a part of County Westmeath. [2]

The 2011 Census of Ireland recorded the population of the town of 20,153, an increase of 14.8% from 2006. [3] Recent growth has also occurred outside the city limits.

Athlone near the geographical center of Ireland, which is 8.85 km (5.50 mi) north-northwest of the city, in the area Carnagh East in County Roscommon.[4]

History

Main article: History of Athlone
A bridge was built across the river in the 12th century, about 100 meters (330 ft) south of the current structure. To protect the bridge, was a fortress built on the river’s western shore, in Athlone, through Turloch Mór Ó Conor. On a number of occasions both the fort and the bridge was subject to attacks, and by the end of the 12th century the Anglo-Normans constructed a motte-and-bailey fortification there. This earthen fort was followed by a stone structure was built in 1210 by Justiciar John de Gray. 12-sided towers, or towers, date from this time; But the rest of the original castle was largely destroyed during the Siege of Athlone and subsequently rebuilt and utökats.Athlone Castle is the geographical and historical center of Athlone. Throughout its early history, ford Athlone was strategically important, as south of Athlone the Shannon is impassable until Clonmacnoise, where Esker Riada meets the Shannon, while in the north it flows into Lough Ree. In 1001 Brian Boru sailed his army up river from Kincora and by Lough Derg to attend a meeting in Athlone.

Throughout the wars that plagued Ireland in the seventeenth century, Athlone contained essential, the main bridge over the River Shannon in Connacht. During the Irish League of war (1641-1653), the city was held by the Irish League of soldiers until it was taken by Charles Coote at the end of 1650, which attacked the city from the west, after having crossed into Connacht at Sligo.

Forty years later, during the pan-European War of the Grand Alliance (1688-1697), the city was again of great strategic importance. This time, Athlone was one of the Jacobitefästen who defended river crossings in league entirely Province of Connacht after the Battle of the Boyne on July 1st 1690. The same year Colonel Richard Grace’s Jacobite forces in Athlone repelled an attack of 10,000 men led by Commander Douglas. In the following year’s campaign, the siege of Athlone saw a further attack by a major power ally, during which the invading troops King William and Queen Mary progressed gradually throughout the city. The defenders were forced to flee to the west, the River Suck, at a rate such that the eyewitness accounts record that they “threw their guns in the swamp” as they fled. The most recently discovered account of the Siege of Athlone, written after the attack, July 5, 1691 was found in 2004 in an archive in the Netherlands. The account was written by the victorious commander of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, general lieutenant Godard van Reede, in letters written to his family in mainland Europe. [10] In the account, the commanding Allied officer reported that half of the city’s defenders headed west, toward the rest of his army, which nearly 2,000 dead within the city walls and more than 100 captured, including dozens of officers.

It was in the 1970s, proposed in the Republican Éire Nua program to make Athlone the capital of a federal United Ireland. [11] This proposal is still maintained by Republican Sinn Féin.

The part of the city, located east of Shannon is in the province of Leinster, County Westmeath, the barony of Brawny and civil parish of St Mary. [12]Unusually’s barony coincides with a single parish. Regarding ecclesiastical boundaries, the eastern past of the city in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Ardagh and Clonmacnoise and the parish of St Mary. [13]

But seven townlands, or parts of the city, located west of the Shannon: Athlone and Big Meadow, Bellaugh, Bogganfin, Canal and banks, Doovoge, part of Monksland, and Ranelagh. Although surrounded by Roscommon in the province of Connacht, they are designated as part of the County Westmeath to preserve the integrity of the city. These townlands situated in St Peter’s parish in Barony avAthlone South. [14] As for the ecclesiastical boundaries, the townlands west of Shannon is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Elphin and the parish of Ss Peter and Paul. [15]

River

Athlone is a popular stop for yachts along the River Shannon. Lough Ree, the largest lake on the Shannon, is a short distance upstream from Athlone, and many boat companies based in the city. For craft to pass Athlone, it is necessary to use a lock in the river, which is next to the dam and downstream of the existing bridge. The lock, weir and bridge were all built by the Shannon Navigation Commissioners in the 1840s. Prior boats used the canal, about one and a half long mil and west of the river. The canal was built by Thomas Omer for the Commissioners of Inland Navigation. [16] The work began in 1757 and involved the work of 300 men. Omer built a single lock, 120 “X 19” with an increase of 4.5 “, but there was also a guard locks, further upstream, with a single set of gates to protect the canal from flooding. There were also two rest stops, or goes above lock and another at the upstream end. The old canal is no longer navigable.

Rail

Athlone railway station began October 3, 1859 [17] with Irish Rail services traveling east to Portarlington, Kildare and Dublin Heuston and west to Westport / Ballina lines and tillAthenry, Oranmore, Galway.

Connections from Athlone via a train transfers at Athenry station include Ennis and Limerick, while a transfer port connects Limerick Junction Limerick. There are trains from Port Mallow, and from Mallow to Cork, Killarney, Farranfore and Tralee. Travel between Athlone and Guy Dare enables connections to Carlow, Kilkenny and Waterford.

Bus

In Athlone, Bus Eireann, the national bus operator working next to railway station, and provides an hourly service to Dublin and Galway. Other services provide transportation to Limerick, Dundalk, Waterford, Cavan, Belfast, Longford and Roscommon. The city is also home to a number of privately-run services, including Flag Line bus company, which operates local bus routes and service to Tullamore.

Bus Eireann also operates a local Athlone bus. Local services include: Route 459: Bus Station, Willow Park (Norwood Court) through the Golden Island Shopping Centre, Dublin Road, Athlone Institute of Technology; and Route 459A: Monks Land (River Village); Garry Castle (Moydrum Road) via Galway Road, Peters Avenue, Saint Anne Terrace, batteries, Connaught Street, Northgate Street, Bus Station, Golden Island Shopping Centre, Dublin Road, Athlone Institute of Technology.

Road

The city is located on the N6 road connecting Galway to Dublin. The route follows a dual carriageway bypass of Athlone around the northern part of the city, crossing the River Shannon in County Roscommon. A number of national secondary roads connecting Athlone to other cities and regions.The N55 road linking the town of Ballymahon Cavan and the N61 road connects it with Roscommon ochN62 road connects it with Birr, Roscrea and southern Ireland. The M6 motorway connects the city directly with Dublin and Galway, cutting travel and commuting time considerably. Taxis are widely available throughout the area.

Culture

There are three theaters in Athlone, the Dean Crowe Theatre & Arts Centre, the Little Theatre, and passion theater.

The RTÉ All-Ireland Drama Festival takes place annually in Athlone, which gathers nine amateur theater groups from all over Ireland. The festival is supported by an active fringe which involves street theater, art exhibitions, workshops and events for young people.

Athlone Literary Festival is an annual event that began in 1999, originally as a weekend celebration of the life and work of John Broderick, but which now has a wide range of speakers and debaters.

Count John McCormack was born in Athlone, and for many years, has an annual festival held in the city celebrated the world-famous tenor.

Athlone Academy of Music opened in 2005, is a grant aided project aims to develop music education and services in the Midlands.

Abbey Road artist studios launched in 2011 in a unique building in 1841. The Studios offer a dedicated place in Athlone for local and visiting artists. The artists ‘studios consists of four individual artists’ studios and a large multi-purpose floor space suitable for a variety of socio-cultural events, including exhibitions, performances, workshops and seminars. [18] The Abbey Road artist studios working closely with Luan Art Gallery.

In 1954 Athlone became the first part of the Inland Waterways Association of Ireland and the city had a large part in the organization’s creation. [19]

Literature

American crime writer James M. Cain refers Athlone in his 1937 book,Serenade , in a passage where two characters discuss the tenor John McCormack: “That’s the language he was born to John McCormack comes from Dublin.”. “He does not. He comes from Athlone “. “Had he not living in Dublin?”. “Regardless. They speak a fine brogue in Athlone, almost as good as in Belfast. ” “It’s a fine brogue, but it is not a brogue. It is the English language that was spoken by any other country in the world has forgotten how to speak it. There are two things a singer can not buy, beg or steal, and that no teachers, coaches or managers can give him. One is his voice, the other is the language that was born in the mouth. When McCormack sang Handel he sang in English, and he sings it that no American and no Englishman will ever sing in English. ”

Tourism and facilities

Promenade on the River Shannon is popular with anglers, bird watchers, and swimmers. The lake shore is accessed from Coosan Point, and Hodson Bay.The city is also home to the Lough Ree Yacht Club.

Because of its easy access and great variety of shops, Athlone is the main retail destination for residents in the Midlands region of Ireland. The lively center stretches from Church Street in the west to Sean Costello Street in the east. The center is flanked by Athlone Town Centre, a modern shopping center, built in 2007, containing 54 shops, cafes and four-star Sheraton Athlone Hotel. [20] South of the center is the second shopping mall, Golden Island Shopping Centre, [21] , which opened in 1997.

Athlone Regional Sports Centre is a sports complex in the city, which was founded in May 2002 and has been developed by the City Council. The complex includes a swimming pool, gym, and Astroturfplatser.

Sean’s Bar, located on the western shore of the river, is listed by Guinness World Records as the oldest pub in Europe. [22]

Athlone Castle reopened in 2012 after a renovation several million euros to turn the castle into a state-of-the-art, multi-sensory visitor experience. It has eight newly designed exhibition spaces that contain both a chronological and thematic sequence, including 3D maps, audiovisual installations and illustrations by renowned illustrator Victor Ambrus .Ambrus is best known for his work with Channel 4 TV series Time Team . [23] [24]

In 2012, Luan Gallery, a new multi-million euro contemporary art gallery opened in the city. The gallery is the first purpose-built, contemporary visual art gallery situated in the Midlands. It was designed by Keith Williams, who also designed the Athlone Town Civic. The gallery was opened by Jimmy Deenihan, Minister for Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht. The Luan opened with a prestigious exhibition from the Irish Museum of Modern Art, featuring the work of completed national and international artists. [25] [26]

Other popular attractions for visitors are Glendeer Open Farm and the Viking Cruise in Shannon. The city’s tourist office is located on Church Street.

Greenway

Main article: Dublin-Galway Greenway

The Dublin-Galway Greenway will go through Athlone. Accrued Athlone Mull Railway will be used for Greenway in the east, and a new bridge is planned to be built for cycling and walking beside Luan Gallery. [27]

Education and Industry

Athlone largest employers include Élan, a pharmaceutical company which has its origin in Athlone; Bioclin Laboratories, a pharmaceutical company, Ericsson, a telecommunications business, Tyco Healthcare, a medical equipment supplier; Utah Medical, another medical equipment supplier;Pharmaplaz, another pharmaceutical company, Alienware, a hardware company; ICT Eurotel, a contact center; and Athlone Extrusions, a polymer supplier.

Athlone is the regional center for a large number of state and semi-state-owned organizations. The Department of Education, State Examinations Commission, the Revenue Commissioners, FÁSMidlands region, Bus Éireann, Iarnród Éireann, IDA Ireland and Enterprise Ireland have all the bases in the city. Athlone is also a great Irish military center, which custume Barracks, located on the western shore of the Shannon in the city, is the seat of the Western Command of the Irish Army.

Athlone Institute of Technology (AIT) is the regional third level college.Athlone is part of the Midlands Gateway, an initiative ongoing infrastructure, along with Mullingar ochTullamore. Alongside Waterford Institute of Technology, AIT harbors ambitions to achieve university status, because there is no institution providing university education in the Irish Midlands.AIT has a campus the size of 44 acres and plans advertising Development to expand further. The Institute’s new and suitable facilities include Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure Studies, built in 2003; nursing and health sciences, built in 2005; Midlands Innovation and Research Centre, also built in 2005;Engineering and Informatics, built in 2010; and graduate Hub, also built in 2010. [28] RTÉ’s Midlands studio and offices are located at AIT. [29]

The Athlone Institute of Technology has memorandum of the State University of Rio de Janeiro, one of the largest universities in the Brazilian city. [30] The AIT also has agreements medPontificia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, one of the largest and most prestigious Brazilian private universities. [ 31] the Institute was founded also contracts with two leading Beijing University, Capital University of Economics and Business and Beijing Union University. [32] [33] the agreement was signed by Chinese Ambassador to Ireland and representatives of the University. [33] Other agreements exist between the AIT and TVTC in Saudi Arabia and a letter of intent is with the Georgia Institute of Technology. [34] [35] Further agreements are with the Bharati Vidyapeeth, one of the largest universities in India. [36]

There are five major high schools in the Athlone area, Athlone Community College, a coeducational school; Our Lady’s Bower School, a girls ‘school, Marist College, a boys’ school, St. Aloysius College, a boys’ school; and Summer College, a girls’ school.

In June 2010, Prime Minister Brian Cowen announced his support for the proposed European and Chinese education hub in Athlone. [37] In May 2012, the project got the go-ahead by An Bord Pleanála. When completed, it will comprise a total of nine exhibition halls, nine smaller independent exhibition buildings, a temporary exhibition space, multiple offices, administrative services, some homes, hotels, shops, restaurants, pubs, a school, and the railway station. [38]

Broadcasting

Between 1931 and 1975, the main broadcasting center for Irish radio was located at Moydrum, Athlone (53 ° 25’14 “N 7 ° 52’52” W). The original call sign was 2RN, a pun on the song “Come back to Erin.” The station later became known as “Radio Athlone” and could clearly be heard throughout Europe and as far away as Moscow. This changed as bandwidth allocations have been granted on the Helsinki Declaration.

The station originally operated with a power of 60 kW, during the 1950s, was increased to 100 kW. For antenna, a T antenna was and is still used, which spins between two 100 meter high guyed masts with square cross-sections and which are insulated from earth. Many old radios in Europe had “Athlone” dial position marked the end of their trimming scales.

In the late 1970s the station reopened for a new dial position of 612 kHz for “Radio 2”, later known as RTÉ 2Fm. Moydrum was also the venue for Ireland’s short lived Shortwave international radio service, which was closed in 1948 because of lack of money. Today, RTÉ’s Midlands studios are located in Athlone, Mariatorget. The local radio station in the Midlands 103rd Many have also set the Shannon Station. [39]

A new radio station i102-104fm has recently been launched, [ when? ] Focused on the age group 18-34 in the Midlands and north-east. Moreover, the confirmation of Athlone Broadcasting roots, is a Christian-oriented station about to be launched throughout the country, using the 612 kHz band.

Athlone Community Taskforce and several members of Roscommon community radio station, RosFM has started broadcasting from Athlone area under the banner Athlone community radio. Their first broadcast was 15 March 2008 and broadcasts were originally set to run every Saturday and Sunday for the next 15 weeks until their temporary license expired. They got a 10-year license January 14, 2011 From the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland, and they currently broadcast on the frequency 88.4 FM. [40] [41]

Sports

Besides being home to Athlone Regional Sports Centre, the city has a variety of sports organizations. Namely, there are Athlone Town Football Club, who play their home games at the Athlone Town Stadium in Lissywollen, a stadium with a capacity of 5,000 people. Athlone Town Football Club won the League of Ireland Championship in 1981 and 1983 samtFAI Cup in 1924. The team also qualified for the 1975-1976 UEFA Cup, where they drew 0-0 against AC Milan.

The newly opened, ten million euros, Athlone IT International Arena, is now Ireland’s first world-class indoor athletics arena, boasting a floor area of nearly 10,000 square meters. [42] [43] The stadium was opened by Prime Minister Enda Kenny, and has been admired by sports legends Sonia O’Sullivan. It has also been hailed by Senator Eamonn Coghlan as “the best news in Irish athletics history.” [44]

Athlone host European Triathlon Championships in 2010, when about 5,000 athletes participated in the event. Alistair Brownlee, Britain won the event.Two years later he won a gold medal itriathlon at the Summer Olympics 2012 in London.

Athlone is home to several Gaelic football teams, including Tubberclair GAA, GAA Garry Castle and Athlone GAA, with St. Brigid (Roscommon) GAA and GAA Clann na nGael is outside Athlone itself. Garry Castle GAA qualified for the 2012 All-Ireland Senior Club Football Championship for the first time in club history by beating Connacht Champions, St. Brigid GAA, in a completely Athlone semis. Garry Castle finally lost the final to Crossmaglen Rangers in a replay of the final, the first match has ended in a draw with a scoreline of 1-12 to 0-15.

Athlone is also home to the Buccaneers RFC, whose club’s grounds are in Dubarry Park. Dubarry Park, with a 10 thousand people capacity, is also home to Connacht Eagles, [45] the team that represents Connacht in the British and Irish Cup [46] and in all of Ireland inter-provincial championship.

The European sporting Athlone awarded the title of European City of Sport 2013. [47]

People

  • Earl of Athlone
  • Pat Barlow (1915-?) Professional soccer player.
  • Paul Brock (1989-) accordionist.
  • John Broderick (1924-1989) Irish writer.
  • James J. Browne, the current president of the National University of Ireland, Galway.
  • Michael Joseph Curley, (1879-1947) Catholic Archbishop and educator.
  • Stephen Donohoe, (1984-) jockey and sailors.
  • Thomas Duffy (1806-1868) recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Lisa Dwan, (1977-), actor.
  • Jimmy Elliott (1838-1883) Irish-American boxing world heavyweight champion from 1865 to 1868.
  • Thomas Flynn (1842-1892) an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross.
  • John Ellard Gore (1845-1910) astronomer, one of the founding members of the British Astronomical Association.
  • Rob Henshaw, (1993-) Irish rugby union player.
  • Declan Lynch, (1961-), novelist and playwright.
  • John McCormack (1884-1945) tenor.
  • Nicky McFadden (1962-2014) Teachta Dála.
  • Seán William McLoughlin, (1990) YouTube popular game commentator known as Jacksepticeye.
  • Stefan Molyneux, (1966-), the host of free radio.
  • TP O’Connor (1848-1929) journalist and member of parliament.
  • Caroline O’Donnell, (1974-), architect and writer.
  • Mary O’Rourke, (1937-), a politician of various ministries roles and a writer.
  • Richard Rothwell, (1800-1868) a nineteenth-century Irish portrait and genre painter.
  • Brendan Shine, (1947-) folk / country singer.
  • George Thomas Stokes (1843-1898) church historians.

Social matters

More information: Illicit drug use in Ireland

Athlone has long been the major center for heroin use outside of Dublin. [48] [49] A report by the Health Research Board described the areas “Athlone had an identifiable substance problematic.” The study showed many residents (in some areas of the city) had used heroin by their 18th birthday. [50] Athlone has serious problems with heroin and cocaine addiction. [51]

A report by the Midlands Regional Drug Task Force in 2005 reported that “Athlone town had become a ??” heroin black spot ?? “”. It then expanded to say that heroin is more accessible in Athlone than either Limerick or Cork.The report also discussed children as young as thirteen smoking heroin. The report suggests that heroin is “the easiest drug of all to get in town ??”. [52]Senior Midland Health Board official at the time, Bill Ebbitt, says that there are significant ecstasy use in the city, while it is ” no shortage of cannabis in any part of the midlands. ” [53] november 2, 2011 reported a Athlone judges that heroin was” causing carnage “and severe damage to the area. [54] as late as 23 August 2012, Athlone had the highest drug crime rate in the region. [citation needed ]

Athlone is often involved in high-profile drug seizures. [55] [56] [57] [58] [59]

Athlone has had several bomb threats in recent years, including an October 10, 2008, when a viable explosive device was found in the Athlone area. Any links to a feud between factions in the Midlands have been investigated by the Garda Síochána. [60] [61] On March 10, 2010 two viable pipe bombs were found outside two separate main shops in the city. The attacks later traced to disgruntled drug dealers in the area. [62] [63] [64] On 24 April 2012, the improvised explosive device found outside a private residence in the city. [65]All devices were made safe by Army bomb disposal teams.

Vänorts

Athlone is twinned with Chateaubriant, Pays de la Loire region of France.

See also

  • History Athlone
  • Athlone Pursuivant
  • Sean’s Bar
  • Mullingar
  • Tullamore
  • Corlea Trackway
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland
  • Market Houses in Ireland
  • Midlands Gateway
  • Midland Railway Action Group
  • RTE Radio

Notes and references

  1. Jump up ^ PW Joyce. “Local historians describe it as the Ford of the Moon”. Archived from the original The 9 May 2005.
  2. Jump up ^ Athlone West Unban – LED
  3. Jump up ^ CSO – Census 2011 – Population small area. Census.cso.ie.
  4. Jump up ^ FAQs Ordnance Survey Ireland. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
  5. Jump up ^ Census of post 1821 figures. . Cso.ie.
  6. Jump up ^ http://www.histpop.org
  7. Jump up ^ NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (c) in 2013. Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk (27 September 2010).
  8. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  9. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468 -0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  10. Jump up ^ “July 5, 1691, from the army camp at Athloon (sic) letter from Godard van Reede, general Lieutenant their majesties in England combined forces on land and at sea in Ireland from 1690 to 1691, to his father, a multimedia webcast of a live broadcast of Ballinasloe Community Radio 102.8 FM “. July 10, 2004. Archived from the original March 12, 2012.
  11. Jump up ^ Fagan Jack “Sinn Fein (Kevin Street) Plan for new Ireland,” Irish Times June 29, 1972 (p. 1, 7).
  12. Jump up ^ placental Database for Ireland – the Barony of Brawny
  13. Jump up ^ official website of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Ardagh and Clonmacnoise – St. Mary Parish
  14. Jump up ^ placental Database for Ireland – the Barony of Athlone South
  15. Jump up ^ Roman Catholic Diocese of Elphin – the parish of Ss Peter and Paul
  16. Jump up ^ Ruth Delany, the Shannon Navigation , Lilliput Press, Dublin in 2008.
  17. Jump up ^ “www.railbrit.co.uk” (PDF). Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  18. Jump up ^ Abbey Road Studios Artist showroom | Athlone art and history Ltd. Athloneartandheritage.ie.
  19. Jump up ^ Iwai – chronology. Iwai.ie.
  20. Jump up ^ “Athlone Town Centre – Stylish shopping in the heart of Ireland”. Athlone Town Centre shopping center. Hämtadsyv May 2015.
  21. Jump up ^ http://www.goldenislandsc.com
  22. Jump up ^ Sean’s Bar, Athlone – oldest pub in Ireland.Irelandlogue.com (4 August 2007).
  23. Jump up ^ [1] [ dead link ]
  24. Jump up ^ Athlone Castle now open | news | Athlone art and history Ltd. Athloneartandheritage.ie (6 November 2012).
  25. Jump up ^ Athlone new € 3.4 art gallery to open in the morning.Westmeath Independent . (28 November 2012).
  26. Jump up ^ Luan Art Gallery | Visual Arts | Athlone art and history Ltd.Athloneartandheritage.ie (30 November 2012).
  27. Jump up ^ Daly, Mary (9 October 2014). “The Council confirm plans for the new city center bridge as part of the cycleway”. Athlone Advertiser.Pulled nine October 2014.
  28. Jump up ^ Campus Development. Athlone Institute of Technology ..
  29. Jump up ^ 2012 news releases. Athlone Institute of Technology. (21 September 2012).
  30. Jump up ^ 2012 news releases. Athlone Institute of Technology. (16 October 2012).
  31. Jump up ^ 2011 news releases. Athlone Institute of Technology. (20 November 2011).
  32. Jump up ^ 2010 news releases. Athlone Institute of Technology. (30 March 2010).
  33. ^ Jump up to: ab 2010 press releases. Athlone Institute of Technology.(12 May 2010).
  34. Jump up ^ 2010 news releases. Athlone Institute of Technology. (1 March 2010).
  35. Jump up ^ 2009 news releases. Athlone Institute of Technology. (21 January 2009).
  36. Jump up ^ 2009 news releases. Athlone Institute of Technology. (25 August 2009).
  37. Jump up ^ “Euro-China trade hub in Athlone proposed”. Inside Ireland.Archived from the original November 26, 2010.
  38. Jump up ^ “€ 175 Asian trade hub in Athlone would create up to 1,500 jobs.” RTE News. May 1, 2012.
  39. Jump up ^ “Shannon – Home.” Shannon FM.
  40. Jump up ^ “BCI: Licensing: Radio: Applicants for temporary services.”Broadcasting Commission of Ireland.
  41. Jump up ^ “about us”. Athlone Community Radio. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
  42. Jump up ^ Athletics: Athlone IT disclose € 10m indoor field of dreams “.Independent.ie (25 January 2013).
  43. Jump up ^ 2013 news releases. Athlone Institute of Technology. (15 February 2013).
  44. Jump up ^ 2013 news releases. Athlone Institute of Technology. (23 January 2013).
  45. Jump up ^ Dubarry Park announced as the home of Connacht Eagles |Connacht Rugby website. Connachtrugby.ie (11 October 2012).
  46. Jump up ^ B & I Cup set to arrive in Connacht | Connacht Rugby website. Connachtrugby.ie (11 May 2012).
  47. Jump up ^ Athlone chosen as a European City of Sport. Westmeath Independent . (11 September 2012).
  48. Jump up ^ “Merchants Quay report confirms Athlone major heroin Center.” drugs.ie. October 1, 2010. Taken 29 juni2015.
  49. Jump up ^ “Heroin” causing carnage, “said Athlone magistrate”.Westmeath Independent. 2 November 2011. Hämtad29 June 2015.
  50. Jump up ^ Irish drugs and alcohol research – heroin addiction in Athlone and Portlaoise. – Drugs and alcohol .Drugsandalcohol.ie.
  51. Jump up ^ “Dublin heroin use is still growing – report”. Raidió Teilifís Éireann.
  52. Jump up ^ McElwee, Niall; Monaghan, Gráinne (2005). “Darkness on the Edge of Town: Heroin use in Athlone and Portlaoise” (PDF). Midlands Regional Drug Task Force and Athlone Institute of Technology. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
  53. Jump up ^ “problem pints – not the pot”. Independent.ie. 24 April 2004.
  54. Jump up ^ “Heroin” causing carnage, “said Athlone magistrate”.Westmeath Independent.
  55. Jump up ^ “Man arrested over cocaine seizures.” Raidió Teilifís Éireann.25 January 2007.
  56. Jump up ^ “File to be sent to the DPP over € 52,000 Glasson drugs bust”.Westmeath Independent.
  57. Jump up ^ “Keena praises Garda drug seizures”. Advertiser.ie. 4 December 2009.
  58. Jump up ^ “Two held over € 1.5 million drug seizure”. Raidió Teilifís Éireann. 28 November 2009.
  59. Jump up ^ “Additional drug seizures in Athlone”. Raidió Teilifís Éireann.29 April 2007.
  60. Jump up ^ “Athlone” bomb “can be linked to the groups” feud “. Irish Times. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
  61. Jump up ^ “Suspicious device found in Athlone”. Irish Times. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
  62. Jump up ^ “Bombs found at Athlone head shops”. Irish Times. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
  63. Jump up ^ ” ‘head shops goal of pipe bomb attack”. Independent.ie.March 11, 2010.
  64. Jump up ^ “Garda superintendent slams” reckless “pipe bomb action”.Westmeath Independent. 18 March 2010.
  65. Jump up ^ “explosive device found in Athlone”. Irish Times. Retrieved May 7, 2015.

Belvedere House and Gardens

Belvedere House and Gardens is a country house located near Mullingar, in County Westmeath, Ireland on the northeastern shore of Lough Ennell. It was built in 1740 as a hunting lodge for Robert Rochfort, 1st Earl of Belvedere by architect Richard Cassels, one of Ireland’s premier Palladian architects. Belvedere House, although not very large, architecturally significant because of its Diocletian windows and dramatic nineteenth century terracing. When Robert Rochfort decided to use the Belvedere as their main residence, he worked Barthelemij Cramillion the French Stuccadore, performing Rococo plasterwork ceilings which are among the finest in the country.

The landscaped demesne has the largest and most spectacular folly in the country, the jealous Wall , built to block the view of his estranged brother’s house nearby. There is also the Victorian walled garden and many hectares of forest. The house has been completely renovated and the grounds are well maintained, attracting some 160,000 visitors annually.

History 

The house was originally built by Robert Rochfort as a retreat, after being imprisoned his wife in their former home on Gaulstown, for an alleged affair with his brother Arthur. Arthur later was tried and fined £ 20,000 as he could not pay. Arthur spent 18 years in prison creditors Board in Dublin but was released on Robert’s death. Robert built the Jealous Wall after falling out with his brother George, who lived on the adjacent farm at Tudenham. His wife was just released on his death 1774th

The estate went to his son, George Augustus Rochfort, 2nd Earl. He was MP for Westmeath 1761-1776 and High Sheriff of Westmeath in 1762. He left for England in 1798 and died in 1814. When his widow died in 1828, passed the Belvedere to her grandson Brinsley Butler, 4th Earl of Lanesborough. He rarely visited the Belvedere and it was then inherited on his death by his cousin Charles Brinsley Marlay 1847th

Charles moved into the house, and during his time there was responsible for the change of Diocletian window on the upper facade and addition of terracing. He commissioned Ninian Niven, curator of the Botanic Gardens in Glasnevin, to draw up plans for the Victorian walled garden.

In the period after World War II, Charles Howard-Bury, who was a soldier and mountaineer, restored houses and gardens. He never married and on his death in 1963, the estate was inherited by Rex Beaumont. Rex was Howard-Bury friend and companion for 30 years and sold the farm to Westmeath County Council in 1982 for £ 250,000.

After a long-pound restoration, the house and the garden opened to visitors.Belvedere also hosts weekend music festivals and intimate garden theater.

References 

  • “Belvedere House, County Westmeath.” Ask about Ireland. Pulled 12/13/2012.
  • “Belvedere House Gardens & Park”. Pulled 12/13/2012.

County Westmeath

County Westmeath (/ w ɛ STM I D / West- meedh Irish: Contae na hIarmhíor simply a Iarmhí ) is a municipality in Ireland. It is in the province of Leinster and is part avMidlands region. It originally formed part of the historical Kingdom Meath ( Midhe ). Westmeath County Council is the government of the county, is the capital Mullingar.Befolkningen in the county is 88,396

History

After the Norman invasion of Ireland, was the territory of the Kingdom of Meath subsumed in the dominion of Meath and granted by King Henry II of England, in his capacity as Lord of Ireland, to Hugh de Lacy in 1172. After the failure of the male heirs, was dominion shared between Lacy large -grandchild. The western part was awarded Margery and her husband, John de Verdun, the son of Walter de Lacy, while the eastern part, centered on the Trim, was awarded Maud.

Geography and political subdivisions

Westmeath is the 20th largest of Ireland’s 32 counties by area and the 22nd largest in terms of population. [1] It is the sixth largest of Leinster’s 12 counties in size and the eighth largest in terms of population. It was named after the historic kingdom and the province of Meath, the county was the most western part. Westmeath was shired according Counties Meath and Westmeath Act of 1543. The Hill of Uisneach in the Barony of Moycashel is sometimes regarded as the fictitious geographical center of Ireland, even though the actual geographical center of Ireland Located in the neighboring County Roscommon. The top of Mullaghmeen is the highest point in County Westmeath. At only 258 meters making it the lowest county peak in Ireland.[2]

Local governments and politics

The headquarters of Westmeath County Council is located in Mullingar.There are currently 20 councilors. The three electoral areas of Westmeath’s Athlone (7 seats), Mullingar-Coole (7 seats) and Mullingar Kilbeggan (6 seats). [3] The Local Government (Ireland) Act, 1898, provided the framework for establishing Landstings throughout Ireland. The first meeting of Westmeath County Council was held April 22, 1899. [4]

Demography

Westmeath population growth has been stronger than the national average.[5] After the great famine, the population of Westmeath dramatically. It stabilized in the mid-20th century, and has continued to grow. Westmeath proximity to Dublin with good motorway facilities and frequent rail service has made commuting popular.
The largest city in the county is Athlone, followed by county town of Mullingar. Westmeath is the largest county by population of the Irish Midlands. Important commercial and trade centers include Moate, Kilbeggan, Kinnegad, Ballinahown, Delvin, rochfortbridge, Killucan and Rathwire and Castlepollard. According to the 2011 census, 51.9% of Westmeath households have at least one Irish speaker. [6]

Westmeath is one of the oldest counties in Ireland to have census in 1841.Some of data on the census has been digitized and maintained by the National Archives of Ireland. [7]

According to the last census of April 2011 Westmeath had a population of 86,164, consisting of 42.783 men and 43.381 women. The population of preschool age (0-4) was 6882, of primary school going age (5-12) was 10,111, and the high school will age (13-18) was the 7141st There were 9.796 people aged 65 years and older. The number of people aged 18 years or older was 63,112. [8]

Economy

Westmeath has a strong agricultural economy. Initially, there were development around the major market centers earth, Moate, and Kinnegad.Athlone developed because of its military importance and its strategic location on the main Dublin-Galway road over the River Shannon. Mullingar received great benefit from the development of Djurgarden. Canal facilitated cheap transport of products to Dublin, the UK and Europe. Athlone and Mullingar expanded further with the coming of the Midland Great Western Railway network in the nineteenth century.

Tourism in Westmeath is generally based on its many water amenities. The County lakes include Lough Derravaragh, Lough Ennell, Lough Owel, Lough Lene and Lough Ree .Both the Grand Canal and Djurgården flow through Westmeath, and River Shannon (Ireland main tourism waterway) has a modern inland port in Athlone.

Two large “greenway” project aims to improve cycle facilities. The Westmeath Section Dublin – Galway greenway is under construction and expected to be as far as Athlone to be completed in summer 2015. This part of the greenway travels along the old railway corridor between Athlone and Mullingar. [15] The Royal Canal Greenway takes tourists from the county border to Mullingar and then on to Longford. Those who want to use the Dublin-Galway Greenway will be able to transfer from Djurgarden route of the old railway corridor towards Athlone.

Industry development in Westmeath was based mainly on food and consumer products. Whisky is distilled in Kilbeggan and tobacco treated in Mullingar. The county has an extensive beef and dairy trade. More recently, the manufacturer Alkermes has located in Athlone. The eastern part of the county is home to commuters, many of them working on technology parks on the west side of Dublin.

Mullingar is known for the high quality of its beef. Weaned animals from the western part of the Shannon fattened for market on the lush grasslands of Meath and Westmeath.Boskapen also used to maintain the grasslands to sustain wildlife in the areas fringing the Bog of Allen.

Westmeath is home to many stud farms. Westmeath plains, covered by calcium-rich marl, contributes greatly to the calcification of foals bones during childhood and adolescence. Westmeath mares usually put in foal in the spring to facilitate summer growth. Pregnancy lasts about 335-340 days and usually results in one foal. Horses mature when they are about four years old.

railways

Westmeath also has rail infrastructure with a number of trains passing through towns in the county. The Dublin-Westport / Galway railway line is also the county, with services from Dublin Heuston to Galway / Westport / Ballina between the commuter train stops at Athlone, while the Dublin-Sligo railway line stops at Mullingar. The line from Athlone via Moate railway station Mullingar can be opened for train from Galway to Dublin Connolly. Other major infrastructure projects and plans for the county include transportation 21st

Road transport

Roads are of good quality in the county. As part of Transport 21 infrastructure introduced by the government, both N4 and N6 roads have been upgraded to motorway or dual carriageway standard. All cities that these roads passed now past, such as Mullingar, Athlone, Moate and Kinnegad. Both Dublin and Galway are within commuting distance from Westmeath after the completion of the M6 motorway in December 2009.

  • Midlands (ATM) Gateway
  • National Development Plan
  • transport 21

Sports

Westmeath is an active athletic county. Westmeath GAA senior football team won the Leinster Senior Football Championship, Delaney Cup in 2004. They also won the National Football League competition Division 2 in 2001, 2003 and 2008. Westmeath senior hurling team has had much recent success winning the Christy Ring Cup in 2005, 2007 and 2010.

Athlone Town FC have won the League of Ireland Championship in 1980 and 1982, and the FAI Cup 1924th

Westmeath Ladies team has won the 2011 All-Ireland Intermediate Football.

Athlone Institute of Technology has a € 10 million international athletics arena, which opened in early 2013. The international arena has a footprint of 6,818m2 and a total floor area of 9,715m2. Some 850 tons of structural steel and 50,000 concrete blocks went into the construction of the facility that can accommodate 2,000 spectators. [16]

Westmeath Snooker Ranking tournaments officially recognized by the Republic of Ireland Billiards & Snooker Association is organized and run by St Marys Snooker Club Bishopsgate Street Mullingar.Rangordningen events in the Junior, Intermediate and Senior events are:

  1. Mull Open Snooker Championship
  2. Westmeath Open Snooker Championship
  3. St.Mary Classic Open Snooker Championship
  4. Midland Open Snooker Championship

People

Notes Westmeath native include:

  • Tony Allen, one half of the music duo Foster & Allen
  • The Blizzard, band
  • Arthur Booth-Clibborn,
  • Emmet Cahill, lead singer of the Irish group Celtic Thunder
  • Dr. Michael Joseph Curley, Archbishop of Washington
  • Joe Dolan, singer
  • Domnall Midi, King of Mide
  • Thomas Duffy, was awarded the Victoria Cross
  • Gormflaith No Flann Sinna, queen of Tara
  • Nuala Holloway, artist and former Miss Ireland
  • Niall Horan, a member of the boy band One Direction
  • James Lennon, member of the Wisconsin State Assembly
  • Máel Sechnaill II, king of Mide and King of Ireland
  • John Count McCormack, tenor
  • John Joe Nevin, boxer
  • Niall mac Aed Ó hUiginn, poet
  • Michael O’Leary, CEO of Ryanair, businessman
  • Peg Plunkett, was a Dublin brothel keepers born here in about 1727
  • Walter Raleigh spent time at Killua Castle
  • Brendan Shine, Singer
  • Tuathal Techtmar, högkung
  • Field Marshal George Wade

Gallery

  • Map
  • roundabout Castlepollard
  • Mullingar
  • Christ the King Cathedral, Mullingar
  • Church of SS. Peter and Paul, Athlone
  • Austin Friars, Mullingar
  • Mull Centre
  • The Royal Canal, Mullingar
  • Celtic cross to Columb
  • military facility, Mullingar
  • Lough Derravaragh & Knockeyon
  • Lough Ennell
  • Hill of Ben Forester
  • Columb Barack, Mullingar
  • 19th century concrete stile
  • 19th century concrete stile, (v1) Mass Path, Ranaghan Collins
  • Alternative 19th century concrete stile (v-2) the mass way, Ranaghan
  • Bell Lough Lene
  • Turgesius Island, Lough Lene
  • Sunset on Lough Lene
  • Cut, Lough Lene
  • Dublin Mullingar Train
  • Kiloutou, Mullingar
  • Church of St. Peter and Paul, Athlone
  • Delvin Castle

See also

  • List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Westmeath)
  • Lord Lieutenant of Westmeath
  • High Sheriff of Westmeath

Towns / Villages

  • Athlone
  • Ballinahown
  • Ballinalack
  • Ballykeeran
  • Bally
  • Ballynacargy
  • Bealnamulla
  • Castlepollard
  • Castle-Geoghegan
  • Clonmellon
  • Collins
  • Coole
  • Crookedwood
  • Delvin
  • Drumcree
  • Drumraney
  • Finnea
  • Front
  • Glassan
  • Horseleap
  • Kilbeggan
  • Killucan and Rathwire
  • Kinnegad
  • Milltownpass
  • Moate
  • Mount Temple
  • Moyvoughly
  • Mull county town
  • Multyfarnham
  • Raharney
  • Rathconrath
  • Rathowen
  • rochfortbridge
  • Rosemount
  • Stream
  • pliers
  • Tubberclare
  • Tyrrellspass

References

  1. Jump up ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186-191.
  2. Jump up ^ “Mullaghmeen Hill”. MountainViews.ie. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
  3. Jump up ^http://www.westmeathcoco.ie/en/media/Local%20Electoral%20Area%20Boundaries%202014.pdf
  4. Jump up ^ “About Us”. Westmeath County Council. Archived from the original on 2008-05-07. Retrieved 2008-06-28.
  5. Jump up ^ “demography” (PDF). Offaly County Council Development Plan 2009-2015. Archived from the original (PDF) October 30, 2008 is taken. 2008-06-28.
  6. Jump up ^http://www.cso.ie/px/pxeirestat/Statire/SelectVarVal/saveselections.asp
  7. Jump up ^ “Westmeath Archives”.
  8. Jump up ^ “Westmeath Census 2011”.
  9. Jump up ^ For the 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  10. Jump up ^ Census of post 1821 figures.
  11. Jump up ^ http://www.histpop.org
  12. Jump up ^https://web.archive.org/20100404114651/http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk:80/census/.Archived from the original on 4 April 2010. Retrieved twelve August of 2010. Missing or empty (help) | title =
  13. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  14. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468 -0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  15. Jump up ^ Westmeath County Council – Westmeath Royal Canal Greenway
  16. Jump up ^ “AIT International Arena.” Ait.ie.

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