CategoryCounty Waterford

Christ Church Cathedral, Waterford

Christ Church Cathedral, Waterford  , or more formally, the  Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Christchurch  , is a cathedral of the Church of Ireland in Waterford City, Ireland. It is in the ecclesiastical province of Dublin.Former Cathedral of  the Diocese of Waterford  , it is now one of six cathedrals in the United Dioceses of Cashel and Ossory.

Ecclesiastical History

The first church on the site was built in the 11th century. This was replaced in 1210 by a Gothic cathedral. After the Irish Reformation, a new body established by the decree of the Irish Parliament to become the State Church of the Kingdom of Ireland. Church of Ireland, as it was called, is believed to hold the majority of church property (and so retained a large repository of religious architecture and other items, although some later destroyed). The significant majority of the population remained faithful to the Latin liturgy of Roman Catholicism, despite the political and economic benefits of membership in the state church. Christ Church Cathedral was then taken over in this way, Catholic followers were therefore forced to worship elsewhere.

In the 18th century, the city corporation recommended that the bishop build a new building. The architect was John Roberts, who was responsible for a large part of Georgian Waterford.  [2]

During the demolition of the old cathedral, a series of medieval investment was discovered in 1773. They were presented by the then Anglican Bishop, the Rt Revd Richard Chenevix to his Catholic counterpart, the most Revd Peter Creagh, and now kept in the Museum of Treasures Waterford and the National Museum of Dublin.  [3]

The current building has been described by architectural historian Mark Girouard as the finest 18th century church building in Ireland.  [2]

funerals

  • Michael Boyle (the elder), bishop of Waterford and Lismore (1619-1635)

See also

  • Bishop of Waterford
  • Bishop of Waterford and Lismore
  • Bishop of Cashel and Waterford
  • Bishop of Cashel and Ossory
  • Dean Waterford

References

  1. Jump up ^ Waterford News & Star – Waterford welcomes new Dean
  2. ^ Jump up to: ab “Christchurch Waterford”. Christchurch Waterford.Retrieved 21 February 2009.
  3. Jump up ^  Treasures of Britain and the Treasures of Ireland (1st ed.).London: Drive Publications for the Automobile Association. 1968. p. 631st

Waterford City

Waterford (from the Old Norse Veðrafjǫrðr , which means “ram (weather) fjord”, Irish: Port Láirge , which means “LARAG port”) [2] is a city in Ireland. It is in the south east of Ireland and is part of the province of Munster. The city is located in the top of Waterford Harbour. It is the oldest [3] [4] and the fifth most populous city in Ireland. It is the eighth most populous city on the island of Ireland. Waterford City and County Council is the local authority for the city. Waterford is famous for Waterford Crystal, a legacy of its former glass industry.

According to the 2011 Irish census, there are 65,928 in Waterford Metropolitan District, but it does not include its suburbs in County Kilkenny and County Wexford. There are over 80,000 within a radius of the center 15 km away.

Geography and local authorities

With a population of 46,732, Waterford is the fifth most populous city in the state and the 32nd most populated area in the municipalities. [5]

After Municipal Reform Act 2014, Waterford City and County Council is the local authority for the city. The Agency came into force on 1 June 2014. Prior to this, the city had its own municipality, Waterford City Council. The new Council is the result of a merger of Waterford City Council and Waterford County Council. The Council has 32 representatives (councilors) elected from five electoral areas. The city itself constitute three of the voting areas – that when combined form the Metropolitan District of Waterford – and returns a total of 18 Council Waterford City and County Council. Residents in these areas are limited to voting for candidates who are in their ward for the local elections. The office of the Mayor of Waterford was founded in 1377. A mayor elected by the delegates from the two electoral areas in the Metropolitan District of Waterford each year, and there is no limit to the number of terms an individual can serve. Mary O’Halloran who was mayor in 2007-2008 was the first woman to hold the post. The current mayor John Cummins.

For the purposes of elections to Dáil Éireann, the city is part of the Waterford constituency, which includes the county Waterford with the exception of the parts of the county near Clonmel located iTipperary South.[6] The constituency elects four deputies to the Dáil. There are no such limitations Assembly for this election and voters may vote for any candidate in the city and county.

History

Main article: History of Waterford

Viking raiders first established a settlement near Waterford in 853. This and all other longphorts was vacated in 902, after the Vikings pushed out of the native Irish. The Vikings re-established themselves in Ireland at Waterford in 914 led first by Ottir Iarla (Jarl Ottar) up to 917, and after that by Ragnall ua Ímair and UI Ímair dynasty and built what would be Ireland’s first city. Among the most prominent leaders of Waterford was Ivar of Waterford.

In 1167, Dermot MacMurrough, the deposed king of Leinster, failed in an attempt to take Waterford. He returned in 1170 with Cambro Norman mercenaries under Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (known as Strongbow); together besieged and took the city after a desperate defense. In order to promote the Norman invasion of Ireland, King Henry II of England landed at Waterford in 1171. Waterford and then Dublin were declared royal cities, Dublin also declared capital of Ireland.

annalistic references

See Annals of Inisfallen (AI)

  • AI926.2 Fleet Port Láirge [came] over the country, and they settled on Loch Gair.
  • AI927.2 a slaughter of foreigners in Port Láirge [added] Cell Mo Chellóc by men of Mumu and foreigners in Luimnech.
  • AI984.2 A large naval expedition (?) Of the sons Aralt Port Láirge, and they and son Cennétig exchanged hostages there as a guarantee of both together allows a host to attack Áth Cliath. The men of Mumu mounted and proceeded to Mairg Laigen and foreigner won Uí Cheinnselaig and went to sea; and men of Mumu additionally devastated Osraige same year, and its churches and churches Laigin and fortifications were both waste and Like Pátraic, son of Donnchadh, was released.
  • AI1018.5 death Ragnall son Imar, King of Port Láirge.
  • AI1031.9 Cell Dara and Port Láirge burned.
[View] Historical population

Throughout the Middle Ages, Waterford was Ireland’s second largest city after Dublin. In the 15th century Waterford repelled two pretenders to the English throne: Lambert Simnel and Perkin Warbeck. As a result, King Henry VII gave the city its motto: Urbs Intacta Manet Waterfordia (Waterford remains untapped city) .

After the Protestant Reformation, Waterford remained a Catholic city and participated in the Confederation of Kilkenny – an independent Catholic government from 1642 to 1649. This was ended abruptly by Oliver Cromwell, who brought the country back under English rule; his nephew Henry Ireton finally took Waterford in 1650 after a major siege. [13]

The 18th century was a time of great success for Waterford. Most of the city’s best architecture appeared during this time. A permanent military presence was established in the city with the completion of the Cavalry Barracks in the late 18th century. [14]

In the early 19th century, Waterford City is considered vulnerable and the British government built three Martello towers on the Hook Peninsula in order to strengthen the existing Fort in Duncannon. During the 19th century, great industries such as glass making and ship building thrived in the city.

The city was represented in Parliament in Britain 1891-1918 by John Redmond MP, leader (January 1900) of the Irish parliamentary party.Redmond, then leader of the pro-Parnell faction of the party, defeated David Sheehy 1891. In 1911, Br. Jerome Foley, Br. Dunstan Drumm and Br. Leopold Loughran left the Waterford Malvern, Australia. Here they founded a Catholic college that still exists today. [15] In July 1922 Waterford was the scene of fighting between the Irish government and the Irish Republican troops during the Irish Civil War.

Notable features

The city lies at the head of Waterford Harbour (Irish: Loch DA Chaoch orCuan Phort Láirge ). [4] The city’s motto Urbs Intacta Manet Waterfordia ( “Waterford remains the untaken city”) was granted by King Henry VII of England in 1497 by Waterford refused to recognize the claims of pretenders Lambert Simnel and Perkin Warbeck to the English throne. [4] Waterford subjected to two sieges in 1649 and 1650, during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland .There withstood the first siege but capitulated in the second beleaguered Henry Ireton 6 August 1650. [13] [16]

Reginald’s Tower is the oldest urban civic building in Ireland, and the oldest monument to retain its Viking name. To this day, it still is Waterford’s most famous landmark. It is believed to be the first building in Ireland to use mortar. The Suir which flows through Waterford City, is the starting point for the city’s long maritime history. The location downstream from Waterford, where Barrow Nore and Suir join is known in Irish as Cumar na dTrí Uisce ( “the confluence of three waters”). Waterford Port has been one of Ireland’s major ports for over a millennium. In the 19th century shipbuilding was a major industry. The owners of the Neptune Shipyard, denMalcomson family, built and operated the largest fleet of iron steamers in the world between the mid 1850s and the late 1860s, including five trans-Atlantic passenger ships. [2]

Today, Waterford is famous for Waterford Crystal, a legacy of its former glass industry. Glass or crystal, manufactured in the city from 1783 until early 2009, when the factory was there shut down after the bankruptcy of Waterford Wedgwood plc. [17] The Waterford Crystal visitor center in the Viking Quarterback opened in June 2010 [18] after the intervention of Waterford City Council and Waterford Chamber of Commerce.

Waterford is also known to be the “starting point” of one of the largest European airlines (as of 2013) – Ryanair’s first flight was a 14-seater Embraer Bandeirante turboprop aircraft flying between Waterford and Gatwick. [19]

Climate

The climate in Waterford, like the rest of Ireland, which is classified as a maritime temperate climate ( Cfb ) according to the Köppen climate classification system. It is mild and changeable with abundant rainfall and a lack of extreme temperaturer.Länen in Waterford area often called the “Sunny South East ‘. The hottest months of the year is June, July and August with temperatures of about 17-22 degrees. Waterford is rain throughout the year, and the wettest months are October, November, December and January.

Culture

Public buildings

  • Waterford Museum of Treasures, form the hub of Viking Triangle, previously housed in the Granary at Merchant Quay, now housed in two museums on the mall. The first is located in the 19th-century Bishop’s Palace, the Mall, which houses items from 1700 to 1970. This was opened in June 2011. The second museum is located next to the Bishop’s Palace shows the medieval history of the town and Chorister Hall. [21]
  • As above, includes The Mall Now Reginald Tower, The House of Waterford Crystal, Christ Church Cathedral and the Theatre Royal, among many other historical landmarks.
  • Reginald tower, the oldest urban civic building in the country, located on the Quays / The Mall, Waterford. It has performed many functions over the years and today is a civic museum.
  • A museum on Mount Zion (Barrack Street) is dedicated to the story of Brother Edmund Ignatius Rice and the history of the Christian Brothers and the Presentation Brothers. Along with the museum is a cafe and a new chapel. The new museum was designed by Janvs Design [22]
  • Waterford Municipal Art Gallery has been housed in Greyfriars since 2001. It is the permanent home to the municipal art collection, “A gem among municipal collections”, over 200 paintings by Irish and international artists, including pieces from renowned artists such as Jack B Yeats Paul Henry, Charles Lamb and Louis Le Brocquy. Garter Lane Arts Centre is located in two separate restored buildings on O’Connell Street. A new contemporary gallery called Soma opened in 2009 at the mall.
  • Theatre Royal [23] at The Mall, built in 1876, as part of a renovated part of the City Hall. It is a U-shaped Victorian theater, seating about 600 people.
  • Garter Lane Arts Centre [24] is housed in two preserved 18th century buildings on O’Connell Street. Garter Lane Gallery, the 18th-century building by Samuel Barker includes gallery and Bausch & Lomb Dance Studio and Garter Lane Theatre is based in the beautiful Quaker Meeting House, built in 1792. The theater was renovated and refurbished in 2006 and now includes a 164-auditorium.
  • St John’s College, Waterford was a Catholic seminary was established in 1807 for the diocese, in the 1830s, the university established a mission to Newfoundland in Canada. It closed as a seminary in 1999 and 2007, much of its land and buildings were sold to Reply condominium association. [25]

Arts

  • Theater company . There are three theater companies, the Red Kettle, Spraoi and Waterford Youth Arts. Red Kettle is a professional theater company based in Waterford who regularly performs in Garter Lane Theatre. Spraoi [26] is a street theater company based in Waterford. It produces Spraoi festival, and has participated regularly in Waterford and Dublin St. Patrick’s Day parades, often win the best float. In January 2005, the company staged its biggest and most prestigious production to date, “awakening”, Opening Show for Cork 2005 European Capital of Culture. Waterford Youth Arts (WYA), [27] formerly known as Waterford Youth Drama, founded in August 1985. The WYA has grown from voluntary efforts of two people and 25 young people, a fully structured youth arts organization with a paid staff and 400 young people participate Every week. Notes playwrights include Jim Nolan, who founded the Red Kettle Theatre Company. [28]
  • Libraries There are three public libraries in the city, all operated by Waterford City Council: Central Library, Lady Lane; Ardkeen Library, in Ardkeen shopping center on the Dunmore Road; and Browns Road Library, Paddy Brown’s Road. Central Library, or Waterford Public Library, opened in 1905. It was the first of many Irish libraries funded by business Andrew Carnegie (Carnegie funded 2,509 libraries worldwide).It was renovated in 2004 for its centenary.
  • The Barrack Street Concert Band A band was founded in 1870 and is one of the only bands in Ireland to have uninterrupted service through a civil war and two world wars. They have a long and rich history. In 1982 changed its name to The Barrack Street Concert Band. The new name reflected a change in instrumentation with flutes, saxophones, oboes and a full percussion section, which led to more members joining, and a wider variety of music played. In 1994 the band won the All Ireland Senior Military Band Championships in Wesley collage Dublin led by Niall O’Connor and 10 years later, in 2004, the band won the South of Ireland senior military band Championships in Clonakilty Co. Cork under the leadership of the band’s current musical director Mark Fitzgerald.
  • Waterford Film For All (WFFA) [29] is a non-profit film society whose purpose is to offer an alternative to the cineplex experience in Waterford. WFFA conducts much of its business påWaterford Institute of Technology (WIT) campus.
  • BioOdeon cinema . In the Central Railway Station complex [30]Omniplex Cinema Patrick Street

Events

  • The Waterford Film Festival was founded in 2007 by local filmmaker Stephen Byrne. His goal was to bring something new Water’s arts and cultural life, promote local, national filmmakers and writers, but in particular independent film.www.waterfordfilmfestival.net
  • Waterford Music Fest , which was launched in 2011, is an outdoor, one day music event held in the heart of Waterford City in the summer. In 2011 Waterford Music Fest, organized by Music Events Ireland was headined by 50 Cent, Flo Rida and G-Unit. Over 10,000 people attended the event in 2011. [31]
  • Spraoi festival (pronounced “Spree”) [26] organized by Spraoi Theatre Company, is a professional festival and street art organization that takes over the center of Waterford on the August Bank Holiday weekend. It attracts crowds of over 80,000 people to the city.
  • Waterford International Festival of Light Opera [32] is an annual event held in the Theatre Royal since 1959. It has recently been rebranded as the Waterford International Festival of Music and now takes place in November. [33]
  • Tall Ships Festival , held in Waterford in 2005, marked the start of the Tall Ships Race in the same year. The Suir river gave mooring site of the Tall Ships (up to 90) edged the north and south quays for almost a week.The festival attracted in the region of 450,000 people to the city.Waterford hosted the start of the Tall Ships Race back in 2011, [34]
  • Waterford Harvest Food Festival takes place annually in September along the quays. The festival offers visitors demonstrations, workshops and excursions to local producers, many markets, wine tastings and dinners.
  • Patrick’s parade takes place annually on 17 March.
  • There are two art festivals of note in the city: Imagine Arts Festival [35]in October and The Fringe Arts Festival in September.
  • Waterford Winterval an annual Christmas will be held at the center. [36]

Media

Broadcasting

RTÉ’s southeastern studio is in town.

Waterford Local Radio (WLR FM) are available on 94.8FM on the coast, 95.1FM in the county and on 97.5FM in Waterford City WLR FM is Waterford’s local radio station. Beat 102 103 is a regional youth radio station broadcast over southeastern Ireland, it is based on Ardkeen, along with sister station, WLR FM.

Print

The Waterford News & Star based on Gladstone Street in Waterford City. It covers Waterford city and county. It is now published in tabloid format.

Munster Express has its offices on the quay in Waterford City and covering stories from all over the city and county. It switched to tabloid format in 2011.

Waterford Mail is a free newspaper that comes out on Thursdays, has an office on O’Connell Street. Its circulation is currently 20,000 and it delivers to homes and businesses across the city and county.

Waterford Today is an advertising supported free newspaper. It is delivered to most homes in the Waterford area and is also available in many stores throughout the eastern part of the county. Its newly renovated offices on the mayor Walk in the city.

Waterford News and Star are in the stores on Tuesdays, the Munster Express , and Waterford today is in stores on Wednesdays.

Tourist attractions

The city of Waterford consists of various cultural quarters, the oldest of which is known as the Viking Triangle. This is the part of town surrounded by the original 10th century fortifications, which is triangular in shape with its apex at Reginald towers. Although this was once the site of a thriving Viking town, the center has shifted to the west, over the years, and it is now a quiet and peaceful area, dominated by narrow streets, medieval architecture, and civic spaces. During the past decade, a number of restaurants open in the High Street and Henrietta Street, taking advantage of the charming character of the area. A large part of the Water impressive architecture found in the “Viking Triangle”.

In the 15th century, the city was enlarged with the construction of an exterior wall on the western side. Today Waterford retains more of its city walls than any other city in Ireland, with the exception of Derry, whose walls were built much later. Tours of Waterford city wall daily.

The quay, once called by historian Mark Girouard “the noblest quay in Europe,” is a mil long from Grattan Quay to Adelphi Quay, but the Adelphi Quay is now a residential area. It is still a major focal point for Waterford, commercially and socially, and the face that Waterford presents to those traveling into the city from the north. Near Reginald’s Tower William Vincent Wallace Plaza, a monument and amenity built around the time of the millennium as the memory of the Waterford born composer.

John Roberts Square is a pedestrianized area that is one of the main focal points of Waterford’s modern commercial center. It was named after the city’s most famous architect, John Roberts and was formed from the intersection of Barronstrand Street, Broad Street and George Street.Det is often referred to locally as Red Square, because of the red paving that was used when the area was first pedestrianized. A short distance east of John Roberts Square is Arundel Square, another square with a fine commercial tradition, the City Square shopping center opens onto.

The old Waterford Crystal Visitor Center which was completed in late 2009. A new center opened in June 2010.

Ballybricken, in the west, just outside the city walls, believed to have been Waterford’s Irishtown, a type of settlement that often formed outside Irish cities to house the Vikings and Irish that had been expelled during the Norman invasion of Ireland. Ballybricken is an inner city area with a long tradition, centered around Ballybricken hill, which was a large, open market square. Today has been transformed into a green, civic space, but the Bull Post, where livestock was once bought and sold, standing still as a relic of the hill past.

The Mall is a fine Georgian street built by the Wide Streets Commission to extend the city southwards. It contains some of the city’s finest Georgian architecture. The People’s Park, Waterford’s largest and finest park, is located nearby.

Ferry Bank in County Waterford Waterford single suburb north of the river. It contains a village center of its own. Waterford City Council has granted permission to a number of major retail development in Ferry. It has been completed and the second is currently under construction and expected to be completed in January 2009.

In April 2003, an important site combining a 5th century Iron Age and 9th century Viking settlement was discovered in woods near the town, which seems to have been a Viking town that precedes all such settlements in Ireland. [37]

Waterford Crystal is manufactured in Waterford but in early 2009 the company moved the operations to the European continent. A new Waterford Crystal visitor center was opened on 22 June 2010.

Waterford’s oldest pub (pub) is just outside the old “Viking Triangle”. T & H Doolan of 31/32 George Street has been officially active and open to the public for over three hundred years. The official register of licenses dates back to the 18th century, but the premises are believed to be nearly five hundred years in age. An important part of the structure includes one of the original city wall, nearly 1,000 years old, which can be seen in the lounge of the building.

Economy

Waterford is the main city in Ireland’s south-eastern region. Historically Waterford was an important trading port which brought much prosperity to the town throughout the city’s eventful history. Waterford Port is Ireland’s closest deep water harbor to mainland Europe, handling about 12% of Ireland’s foreign trade value. [38] Water’s most famous export, Waterford Crystalär an internationally known and highly sought after product produced in the city from 1783 to 2009 and again from 2010 to the present. Some of the places where Waterford Crystal can be seen include New York, where Waterford Crystal made 2,668 crystals for the famous New Year’s Eve ball is released every year in Times Square, Westminster Abbey, Windsor Castle and the Kennedy Center, Washington, [39] [40] throughout its history, Waterford Crystal employed thousands in the city and surrounding areas.

Agriculture also played an important part in Waterford economic history.Kilmeadan about 5 km from the city was also home to a highly successful cooperative. The farmers in the area benefited greatly from the sales of their products (mostly butter and milk) to the co-op. In 1964, all cooperatives in Waterford amal game, and registered as Waterford Co-op. This led to the construction of a cheese factory on a green field site opposite the village shop, and Kilmeadan cheese was to become one of the most recognized and successful brands cheddar in the world. This is obvious because the brand won the gold and bronze medals at the World Cheese Awards in London in 2005.

Today, [ when? ] , Is Waterford location of a number of multinational companies, including GlaxoSmithKline, Bausch & Lomb, Nypro Healthcare, Genzyme, Hasbro, Teva Pharmaceuticals and Honeywell International.

The Irish economic downturn from 2008 onwards has had a major negative impact on the economy Water. A number of multinational companies have been closed from the recession, including Waterford Crystal and TalkTalk, which has led to high unemployment.

Transport

Main article: Transport in Waterford

Road

The M9 motorway, which ended on 9 September 2010, connecting the town to Dublin. [41] The N24 road linking the city to Limerick city. The N25 road linking the city to the city of Cork. The route crosses the River Suir Bridge over the River Suir. This cable-stayed bridge is the longest single span bridge in Ireland at 230m. The route continues east to Rosslare Harbour.

Rail

  • Waterford Railway Station is the only station in the county Waterford. It is run by Iarnród Éireann and provides 8 daily round trip to Dublin and a Monday-Saturday commuter services to Limerick Junction via Clonmelmed onward connections to Limerick, Ennis, Athenry, Galway, Cork and Killarney, Tralee. [42] [43] line between Waterford and Rosslare Harbour ceased passenger service in 2010 and replaced by bus Éireann route 370 station is directly adjacent to Waterford Port (Belview). A freight yard is located on the Dublin / Limerick end of the station, which is served by freight traffic such as cargo shipping and hours traveling to and from Dublin hamnoch Ballina

Bus

Bus services operate throughout the city center and across the region.

  • Bus Eireann route number 4 provides a regular service to Dublin.
  • Route 40 provides an hourly service to Cork continues to Killarney and Tralee. This road also serves Rosslare Harbour and Wexford.
  • Route 55 connects to Limerick, Clonmel, Cahir and Tipperary.Connections can be made on the Limerick Galway, Ennis and Shannon Airport

Waterford City routes provided by Bus Éireann and local operator Kenneally’s 601 berth Ballybeg [44] 602 Patrick Street Saint John Park [45] 603 berth Waterford Institute of Technology [46] 604 berth Carrickpherish roundabout[47] 605 Oakwood- Waterford Regional Hospital via center [48]

607 Ardkeen (Tesco) -Slieverue through the center (bell tower) [49] 617 Bally Gunner-Slieverue through the center (bell tower)

JJ Kavanagh offers daily services to Dublin Airport via Carlow, while Dublin Coach serves Cork, Kilkenny and Dublin on its way M9.

coach

Daily bus service operated by Eurolines (National Express and Bus Eireann) to the United Kingdom as a service 890 to Pembroke Dock, Kilgetty, Carmarthen, Pont Abraham, Cardiff, Bristol, Reading and London Victoria [50]

Air

Waterford is 9 km outside the city center.

Car rental

Car hire in Waterford offered by Europcar, Hertz and Enterprise.

Training

The city is served by 21 primary schools [51] and 9 high schools. [52]

There is a third institution level in Waterford: Waterford Institute of Technology., Who applied for university status [53] Waterford College of Further Education previously called the Central Technical Institute (CTI), is a Post Leaving Certificate Institute is located on Parnell Street, Waterford. It was founded in 1906 and thus celebrated its centenary in 2005. [54]

Mount Zion Secondary and elementary school at Barrack Street was founded by Edmund Ignatius Rice and schools have seen many prestigious students pass through its doors. [55]

The Quaker co-educational boarding school, Newtown School is located in Waterford, east of the city center.

Water College is a secondary school in Waterford. The school was founded in 1892 on the banks of the River Suir to Waterford’s “first classical school, and still provide a high school education to boys from Waterford City, County and the surrounding area.

De La Salle College is a secondary school in Waterford. With more than 1,000 students and over 70 employees, is the largest in the county. It ranks as a highly sought after college in the city. Founded by the brothers of De La Salle in 1892, now serves as a Catholic school for boys. [56]

Sports

Athletics

There are three athletics clubs in Waterford; Westwater AC Waterford Athletic Club and Ferry Bank Athletic Club. In June, Waterford Viking Marathon held. [57]

Football

Waterford is home to several association football clubs, including Waterford United, Benfica and WSC Johnsville FC. Waterford United are members of the League of Ireland, Benfica is one of the oldest women’s football clubs in Ireland, while Johnsville FC is a remarkable academic club. Notes Waterford footballers include Davy Walsh, Paddy Coad, Jim Beglin, Alfie Hale, Eddie Nolan, John O’Shea and Daryl Murphy. John Delaney, chief executive of the Football Association of Ireland, is originally from Waterford.

GAA

Local Gaelic Athletic Association clubs include: Mount Sion GAA, GAA Erin own, De La Salle GAA, Roanmore GAA, GAA Ferry and Bally Gunner GAA.

Rowing

Waterford Boat Club, c.1915

Waterford Boat Club is the oldest active sports club in Waterford was founded in 1878. [58] is on Scotch Quay Club competes in the Irish Rowing Championships. [59] In 2009, several Waterford rowers have been selected to row for Ireland.

Rugby

There are two rugby clubs in Waterford City: Waterford City RFC [60] and the Water RFC [61]

inline hockey

Waterford is home to two inline hockey clubs: HC Shadows Waterford and Waterford Vikings. Both clubs are playing in the Irish Inline Hockey League.

American Football

Waterford Wolves are the only American football club in Waterford. They play their home games at Waterford Regional Sports Centre.

Demography

Electoral Division Population
County Waterford
Waterford City East 22340
Waterford City South 20681
Tramore and Waterford City West 22907
TOTAL 65928
Kilkenny
Aglish 871
Kilculliheen 4811
Dunkitt 1058
Rathpatrick 1149
Kiltenanlea 1811
Portnaskully 1128
Poll Rone 1406
Ullid 1014
Ross Inan 776
Ballincrea 316
Kilcolumb 579
TOTAL 14919
County Wexford
Ballyhack 1302
Kilmokea 814
TOTAL 2116

[62]

Notable people

  • Luke Wadding (1588-1657), Franciscan friar, author and historian
  • Charles Clagget (1740-ca.1795), composer and inventor
  • Thomas Wyse (1791-1862), politician and diplomat
  • William Hobson (1792-1842), Irish-born New Zealand politician and writer
  • William Vincent Wallace (1812-1865), composer
  • Thomas Francis Meagher (1823-1867), politician and soldier
  • Patrick Mahoney (1827-1857), soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Laetitia Marie Wyse Bonaparte (1831-1902), French poet
  • Edmund Fowler (1861-1926), soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Richard Mulcahy (1886-1971), soldier and politician
  • Richard Harry Graves (1897-1971), Irish-born Australian poet and novelist
  • John Condon (British Army soldier) (c1896-1915), soldier
  • John Keane (1917-1975), hurler
  • Val Doonican (1927-2015), singer and TV presenter
  • Brendan Bowyer (born 1938), Showband singer
  • Louis Stewart (guitarist) (born 1944), jazz guitarist
  • Gilbert O’Sullivan (born 1946), singer and songwriter
  • Seán Dunne (1956-1995), poet
  • Sean Kelly (born 1956), former professional cyclist
  • Angela Kerins (born 1958), business
  • Jim Beglin (born 1963), association football player
  • Mario Rosenstock (born 1971), comedian and musician
  • John O’Shea (born 1981), football player
  • Fiona O’Brien (born 1988), rugby player

See also

  • Blaa – A doughy, white bread roll particular Waterford City
  • Johns River – A river running through Waterford City.
  • List of Waterford people
  • Little Island – An island in Waterford City.
  • People’s Park – Water’s largest park and green space.
  • The Three Sisters: The River Barrow, the River Nore and Suir
  • Waterford Crystal – world famous glass factory
  • Woods – Early Viking Settlement discovered near Waterford in 2003 on the banks of the River Suir
  • List of twinning in Ireland

References

  1. Jump up ^ Statistics – Population in each Province, County and City, 2011
  2. ^ Jump up to: ab Discover Waterford , of Eamon McEneaney (2001).(ISBN 0-86278-656-8)
  3. Jump up ^ “About Waterford City.” Waterfordchamber.com.
  4. ^ Jump up to: abc in 23 July 2013.
  5. Jump up ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Irland.pp. 186-191.
  6. Jump up ^ “Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009: Schedule”. Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 29 September of 2010.
  7. Jump up ^ For the 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  8. Jump up ^ Census of post 1821 figures.
  9. Jump up ^ “Histpop.org”. Histpop.org.
  10. Jump up ^ NISRA.gov
  11. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  12. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Smooth, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  13. ^ Jump up to: ab a new history of Cromwell’s Irish campaign , Philip McKeiver (2007). (ISBN 978-0-9554663-0-4)
  14. Jump up ^ “Heritage Walk Map” (PDF). Retrieved December 7, 2014.
  15. Jump up ^ Steve Stefanopolous, St. Joseph Malvern , 2003 held by the De La Salle College Malvern Archive
  16. Jump up ^ Discover Waterford, of Eamon McEneaney (2001). (ISBN 0-86278-656-8)
  17. Jump up ^ USAtoday.com.
  18. Jump up ^ “Waterford Crystal visitor center opened”. Irish Times. June 6, 2010.
  19. Jump up ^ “Tony Ryan Obituary”. airlineworld.wordpress.com. 4 October 2007.
  20. Jump up ^ “Temperature (Tycor, Waterford).” ECA & D. September 2012.
  21. Jump up ^ “Waterford Museum of Treasures in the oldest town in Ireland – Waterford Treasures”. Waterfordtreasures.com.
  22. Jump up ^ “Janvs – Award winning designers of museums, galleries and heritage centers.” Janvs.com.
  23. Jump up ^ “Theatre Royal – Entertainment in Waterford, Ireland” .Theatreroyalwaterford.com.
  24. Jump up ^ “Entertainment in Waterford, theater, movies, music, Garter Lane Arts Centre.” Garterlane.ie.
  25. Jump up ^ St. John’s College sold respond with Jamie O’Keeffe Munster Express, Published Friday, April 20, 2007 at 12:00
  26. ^ Jump up to: ab “Home – Spraoi”. Spraoi.
  27. Jump up ^ “Waterford Youth Arts in Waterford, Ireland” .Waterfordyoutharts.com.
  28. Jump up ^ Jim Nolan – Current Member | Aosdana.Aosdana.artscouncil.ie.Hämtat July 23, 2013.
  29. Jump up ^ WFFA – Waterford Film for all
  30. Jump up ^ “ODEON – Waterford”. United Cinemas International (Ireland) Limited. Retrieved 20 August 2012.
  31. Jump up ^ 10,000 tickets sold for Waterford Music Fest 2011. Munster Express Online (29 July 2011). Retrieved July 23, 2013.
  32. Jump up ^ “Waterford Festival”. Waterfordfestival.com.
  33. Jump up ^ Waterford International Music Festival | 1 to 13 May 2012Waterfordintlmusicfestival.com .. Retrieved July 23, 2013.
  34. Jump up ^ Tall Ships Race 2011, Waterford Tall Ships Festival Ireland .Waterfordtallshipsrace.ie (3 July 2011). Retrieved July 23, 2013.
  35. Jump up ^ Imagine Arts Festival, Waterford, Ireland.Discoverwaterfordcity.ie.Hämtat July 23, 2013.
  36. Jump up ^ “Water Winterval – Ireland Christmas”. Winterval.ie.
  37. Jump up ^ 9th century Settlement are available on Woods – vikingwaterford.com
  38. Jump up ^http://www.waterfordcity.ie/documents/reports/WCDB%20Strategy%202002-2012.pdf
  39. Jump up ^ Beeson, Trevor (2002). Priests and prelates: The Daily Telegraph Office Work death. London: Continuum Books. pp. 4-5. ISBN 0-8264-6337-1.
  40. Jump up ^ Morris, Shirley (April 2007). Interior – A full course. Global Media. pp. 105. ISBN 81-89940-65-1.
  41. Jump up ^ Irish motorway Info. “M9 motorway”.Irishmotorwayinfo.com.
  42. Jump up ^ http://www.irishrail.ie/media/04-DublinWaterford2807131.pdf
  43. Jump up ^ http://www.irishrail.ie/media/12-WaterfordLimerick2807131.pdf
  44. Jump up ^ http://www.buseireann.ie/pdf/1363784281-601.pdf
  45. Jump up ^ http://www.buseireann.ie/pdf/1363361572-602.pdf
  46. Jump up ^ http://www.buseireann.ie/pdf/1363361573-603.pdf
  47. Jump up ^ http://www.buseireann.ie/pdf/1363682953-604.pdf
  48. Jump up ^ http://www.buseireann.ie/pdf/1363363360-605.pdf
  49. Jump up ^ http://jjkavanagh.ie/images/events/WaterfordCity-TTable-April20th%20%202013.pdf
  50. Jump up ^ “Kerry Airport”. Buseireann.ie.
  51. Jump up ^ Primary school in Waterford City – Education Ireland
  52. Jump up ^ secondary schools in Waterford City – Education Ireland
  53. Jump up ^ WIT must prove it is worth at university level
  54. Jump up ^ “Welcome to Waterford College of Further Education”.Wcfe.ie.
  55. Jump up ^ “Mount Zion School Waterford Ireland”. Mountsion.ie.
  56. Jump up ^ “De La Salle College Waterford”. Delasallewaterford.com.
  57. Jump up ^ Super User. “Waterford Viking Marathon 2015 Saturday, June 27” .Waterfordvikingmarathon.com.
  58. Jump up ^ “Waterfordboatclub.net”. Waterfordboatclub.net.
  59. Jump up ^ “Irish Rowing Championships”. Rowingireland.ie.
  60. Jump up ^ “Waterford City Rugby Club”. Facebook.com.
  61. Jump up ^ “Water Rugby Football Club.” Waterparkrfc.com.
  62. Jump up ^ http://www.boundarycommittee.ie/reports/2013-Report.pdf

Irish Round Towers

Irish round towers (Irish: Cloigtheach (singular), Cloigthithe (plural) – literally “watch house”) are early medieval stone tower of a type found mainly in Ireland, two in Scotland and one påIsle of Man. Although there is no specific agreement on their purpose, it is thought that they may have been bell tower, refuges, or both.

In general, there is near a church or monastery, the door to the tower facing the west entrance of the church. In this way it has been possible to determine without excavation the approximate location of the lost churches, where the tower still exists.

Construction and distribution

Survivors towers ranging in height from 18 meters (59 feet) to 40 meters (130 feet) and 12 meters (39 feet) to 18 meters (59 feet) in circumference; that at Kilmacduagh is the highest surviving in Ireland (and inclined 1.7 meters (5 ft 7 in) of the perpendicular). [1] The masonry will vary depending on dates, the earliest examples are uncut rubble, while the latter is neatly assembled stone work. The lower portion is solid masonry with a single door raised two to three meters above, often accessible only by a ladder. In some, two or more storeys (or signs of where such floors were), usually of wood, and it is believed that there were ladders in between. The windows, high up, the slits in stenen.Locket (roof), is made of stone, usually conical in shape, although some of the towers are crowned by a later circle of pinnacles.

The main reason for the entrance-way, built above ground level was to maintain the structural integrity of the building rather than for defense. The towers were generally built with very little foundation. Tower påMonasterboice have an underground of only sixty centimeters. To build the door at ground level would weaken the tower. The buildings still stand today because of its round shape is resistant gale and the part of the tower over the entrance is packed with earth and stones.

The distance from the ground to the raised door opening is somewhat larger than that from the first floor to the other; Thus, large, stiff step would be too large for the door. Excavations in the 1990’s, discloses pole holes, confirms that the wooden staircase built. However, the use of ladders before the construction of such steps are not excluded.

The towers were probably built between the 9th and 12th centuries. In Ireland, some 120 examples are believed to have once been; most are in ruins, while 18-20 is almost perfect. There are three examples outside of Ireland. Two are in the North East of Scotland: the Brechin Round Tower and Abernethy Round Tower, and the other is in Peel Castle on St Patrick’s Isle, is now tied to the Isle of Man.

Known examples can be found on Devenish Island, and Glendalough, while in Clondalkin is the only Round Tower in Ireland still retaining its original cover. With five towers each, County Mayo, Kilkenny and Kildare has the most. Mayo round tower is the Aughagower, Balla, Killala, Meelick and Turlough, while Kildare’s located on Kildare Cathedral (which is 32 meters (105 feet) high), and also on Castledermot, Oughter Ard, Taghadoe (near Maynooth) and Old Kilcullen . The only known round tower with a hexagonal base is Kinneigh in County Cork, built in 1014.The Round Iower Ardmore, Co.Waterford, believed to be the last built in Ireland (12 C) has the unique feature of the three-string courses around the outside. [2]

Purpose

The purpose of the towers has been somewhat unclear until recently. A popular hypothesis in the past was that the towers were originally a fort against the Raiders Vikings. If a lookout posted in the tower saw a Viking force, the locals (or at least the priests) would come in, with the help of a ladder that can be raised from within. The towers would be used to store religious relics and other plunderables. [3] However, there are many problems with this hypothesis. Many towers are being built in places that are not ideal for mapping the surrounding countryside and would not function effectively as a watchtower for incoming attacks.

Moreover, the doors of these towers were wooden and therefore easily burned down. Moreover, because of the almost chimney-like design of the towers, the smoke from the burning door would have been made up in the tower causing some passengers to choke. In fact, the round tower at Dysert O’Dea and Aghagower signs of fire damage around the door. There are also reports that people were burned to death in the round tower.

Therefore, it is more likely that the main reason for the round tower was to serve as a belfry, imitating the continental European style of the clock tower that was popular at the time. [ Citation needed ] The Irish word [4] [5] for the round tower , cloigtheach , literally means the chart indicates, as noted by George Petrie in 1845.

However, the Irish language greatly developed over the last millennium.Dinneen [4] notes alternate pronunciations, cluiceach and cuilceach forcloigtheach . The close pronounced cloichtheach means stone or stone building. [4] The round tower seems to be the only significant stone in Ireland before the advent of the Normans in 1167 AD. Even the physical evidence pointing towards a clock tower is strong, we have to wait for confirmation from the original sources as signs of medieval manuscripts.

Modern towers symbolic

In Ireland

Daniel O’Connell’s grave in Glasnevin Cemetery had a round tower built above it after his funeral 1847th

At what is now the Irish National Heritage Park at Ferrycarrig in Wexford, is a 19th century copy of a circular tower. It was erected in memory of Wexford men, who fell in the Crimean war.

At St Ita’s Hospital in Portrane Co. Dublin is a replica round tower was built in 1844 as a memorial to George Hampden Evans of his wife.

In Knockmealdown mountains in County Waterford is another memorial in the form of a 18 meters high round tower. It was erected in 1935 on the site where Liam Lynch, the military leader of the anti-treaty Irish Republican Army during the Irish Civil War are believed to have fallen 1923rd

Ulster History Park in County Tyrone has a copy of a circular tower. The Chaine Memorial Tower in Larne Co. Antrim is a lighthouse made in the style of a round tower. It was built to celebrate James Chaine, a former MP for Antrim.

outside Ireland

Another “revival” round tower built in 1997 in the island of Ireland Peace Park in Belgium, as the war memorial to the soldiers on the island of Ireland who died, were injured or missing from the First World War. The 110-foot (34 m) tower [6] is in the traditional design of an Irish round tower and partly built with stone from a former military barracks in Tipperary. [7]

At Saint Mary’s Cemetery in Milford, Massachusetts is a round tower built of Milford granite in the late 19th century as a memorial to central Massachusetts “Irish immigrants, of which thousands are buried there. In 2002, Tony Ryan, born in Tipperary, built a round tower on the Castleton Lyons Stud in Kentucky. [ Citation needed ]

The second church to be built on the site of St. John the Evangelist Catholic Church in East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, was completed in December 1900, has a 13-meter Irish round tower on the east side. The tower is based on the entrance to King Cormac’s Chapel at Rock of Cashel in Tipperary, built in 1137. [8] The structure is now part of the Catholic Leadership Centre, which is run by the Catholic Education Office Melbourne.

List of Irish round towers

The following is a list of survivors Irish round towers, excluding modern reconstructions.

Picture Place County Province Condition Height Remarks
Aghadoe Kerry Munster Incomplete 5.4 meters (18 feet)
Aghagower Mayo Connacht Incomplete 16 meters (52 feet) Other doorway introduced later at ground level
Aghaviller Kilkenny Leinster Incomplete 9.6 meters (31 feet) Other doorway introduced later at ground level
Ardmore Waterford Munster Complete 30 meters (98 feet) Has three string courses and a noticeable lean
Ardpatrick Limerick Munster Incomplete 3 meters (9.8 feet) Barrow [9]indicated that Down 1655 survey marks the site of a tower of three stories with a broken topp.Fitzgerald and McGreggor writing in 1826 states that it was a nice tower “fell a few years ago”A stump 3m high at its highest point, surrounded by the rubble of its collapse, is all that remains.Barrow speculate that some of the stones from the tower used to build the adjacent wall surrounding the cemetery, including one on top of the entrance 1.07m long with a raised strip which may have threshold stone from the tower door.
Ardrahan Galway Connacht Incomplete 3 meters (9.8 feet)
Armoy Antrim Ulster Incomplete 10.8 meters (35 feet)
Balla Mayo Connacht Incomplete 10 meters (33 feet) Other door probably introduced later at ground level
Castledermot Kildare Leinster Complete the cornice 20 meters (66 feet) The conical cap was replaced with towers and tower is attached to a church (which was built later)
Clondalkin Dublin Leinster Complete 27.5 meters (90 feet) Strengthened by a stone buttresses, the stone steps to the door. It is the smallest of the known tower with a base diameter of only 4.04 m
clones Monaghan Ulster Complete the cornice 22.9 meters (75 feet)
Clonmacnoise
O’Rourke tower
McCarthy tower
Offaly Leinster incomplete
Complete
19.3 meters (63 feet)
17.7 meters (58 feet)
Two towers a short distance from each
O’Rourke: full-height capless;has 8 windows at the top
McCarthy connected to a church
Cloyne Cork Munster Complete the cornice 30.5 meters (100 feet) The conical cap has been replaced with battlements
In Devenish Fermanagh Ulster Complete 25 meters (82 ft) Climbable.Romanesque console heads below cap
Devenish II Fermanagh Ulster Incomplete 0.5 meters (1 foot 8 inches) Foundation tower directly adjacent to Devenish In
Donaghmore Meath Leinster Complete the cornice 26.6 meters (87 feet) Full height without cover
Dromiskin Louth Leinster Incomplete 15.2 meters (50 feet) A conical cap was added to the remainder of the tower
Drumbo Down Ulster Incomplete 10.25 meters (33.6 feet)
Drumcliffe (near Ennis) Clare Munster Incomplete 11 meters (36 feet)
Cliff (näraSligo) Sligo Connacht Incomplete 9 meters (30 feet)
Drum Lane Cavan Ulster Incomplete 12 meters (39 feet) Two indistinct carvings of birds can be identified 2m up on the north side of the tower
Faughart Louth Connacht Incomplete 0.05 meters (2.0 inches) Only a single circular course of large stones remain
Glendalough Wicklow Leinster Complete 30.5 meters (100 feet) Nearby Saint Kevin’s Church contains a miniature round tower
Grangefertagh Kilkenny Leinster Complete the cornice[10] 30 meters (98 feet) Full height without cover, located in the parish of Johnstown
Inish Cealtra (iLough Derg) Clare Munster Incomplete 22.3 meters (73 feet)
Inishkeen Monaghan Ulster Incomplete 12.6 meters (41 feet) The top has been sealed with bricks and cement
Kells Meath Leinster Complete the cornice 26 meters (85 feet) Full height without cover
Kilbennan Galway Connacht Incomplete 16.5 meters (54 feet)
Kilcoona Galway Connacht Incomplete 3 meters (9.8 feet)
Kildare Kildare Leinster Complete the cornice 32 meters (105 feet) climbable; the conical cover has been replaced with battlements, romanesque decoration around the door opening
Kilkenny Kilkenny Leinster Complete the cornice 30 meters (98 feet) climbable; the conical cap has been replaced with battlements
Killala Mayo Connacht Complete 25.5 meters (84 feet) There is a noticeable bump about halfway up the tower
Killeany / Aran Islands Galway Connacht Incomplete 3:02 meters (9.9 feet)
Kilmallock Limerick Munster Incomplete 3 meters (9.8 feet) Only the lower 3 m of the tower is original, what is above (the tower of the Collegiate Church) is a late medieval additions / remodeling
Killinaboy Clare Munster Incomplete 3.5 meters (11 feet)
Kilmacduagh Galway Connacht Complete 34.5 meters (113 feet) The highest position of the old round tower. It has 11 windows (more than any other tower) and the door is 8m from the ground (higher than any other tower).Leaning 1.02m from the vertical.
Kilree Kilkenny Leinster Complete the cornice 27 meters (89 feet) The conical cap has been replaced with battlements
Kinneigh Cork Munster Complete the cornice 24.5 meters (80 feet) Have a hexagonal base and a sealed top
Liathmore / Leigh Tipperary Munster Incomplete 0.01 meters (0.39 inches) Discovered in 1969; only 2.6 m foundations remain (unusually deep for an Irish round tower)
Lusk Dublin Leinster Complete the cornice 26.6 meters (87 feet) Full height without lid; is attached to a church (which was built later)
Maghera Down Ulster Incomplete 5.4 meters (18 feet) Stump with a large hole in the side
Meelick Mayo Connacht Incomplete 21 meters (69 ft)
Mollaneen (Dysert O’Dea Monastery) Clare Munster Incomplete 15 meters (49 feet)
Nendrum Down Ulster Incomplete 4.4 meters (14 feet)
Carrigeen (Dysert monastery) Limerick Munster Incomplete 21 meters (69 ft) Romanesque decoration around the door opening
Monasterboice Louth Leinster Incomplete 28 meters (92 feet)
old Kilcullen Kildare Leinster Incomplete 11 meters (36 feet)
oran Roscommon Connacht Incomplete 3.9 meters (13 feet) Largest base diameter of any known original Irish round tower of 6 m
Oughter Ard Kildare Leinster Incomplete 9.5 meters (31 feet)
Ram Island Antrim Ulster Incomplete 12.8 meters (42 feet)
Rathmichael Dublin Leinster Incomplete 1.9 m (6 ft 3 in)
Rattoo Kerry Munster Complete 27.4 m Includes a Sheela na Gig
Roscam Galway Connacht Incomplete 10.98 meters (36.0 feet) 7 levels of putlog holes clearly visible
Roscrea Tipperary Munster Incomplete 20 meters (66 feet)
Scattery Island Clare Munster Complete with cornice, with a partially truncated cap 26 meters (85 feet) Doorway is at ground level
Seir Kieran Offaly Leinster Incomplete 2.6 meters (8 feet 6 inches)
St Mullin’s Carlow Leinster Incomplete 1 meter (3 feet 3 inches)
St. Patrick’s Rock (näraCashel) Tipperary Munster Complete 28 meters (92 feet) Attached to a church (which was built later)
Steeple (näraAntrim) Antrim Ulster Complete 28 meters (92 feet)
sword Dublin Leinster Complete 26 meters (85 feet) Have a deformed top floor, which is topped by a stone cross
Taghadoe Kildare Leinster Incomplete 19.8 meters (65 feet)
Timahoe Laois Leinster Complete 29 meters (95 feet) Romanesque decoration around the door opening
Tory Island Donegal Ulster Incomplete 12.8 meters (42 feet)
Tulla Herin Kilkenny Leinster Incomplete 22.5 meters (74 feet)
Turlough Mayo Connacht Complete 22.9 meters (75 feet)

 

Source: roundtowers.org

 

See also

  • Broch
  • Chaine Memorial, a relatively modern tower lighthouse at Larne in style with a round tower.
  • pele tower
  • Rock of Cashel

Notes

  1. Jump up ^ Alan Van Dine, Unconventional Builders , Ferguson Doubleday, 1977, p. 29, 34
  2. Jump up ^ as obseerved
  3. Jump up ^ Peter F. Stevens, “One of a kind: America’s Irish Round Tower”, World of Hibernia , June 22, 1998
  4. ^ Jump up to: a b c Patrick S. Dinneen, an Irish Swedish Dictionary , Educational Company of Ireland, Dublin, 1927
  5. Jump up ^ Tomás de Bhaldraithe, English-Irish Dictionary , a GUM, Dublin, 1959
  6. Jump up ^ “The Tower of Peace” World of Hibernia , December 1998, quoted in the Find Items
  7. Jump up ^ British Military Garrison – Tipperary Co. Tipperary Ireland (retrieved January 31, 2010)
  8. Jump up ^ [1]
  9. ^ Jump up to: a b The round towers of Ireland George Lennox Barrow 1979
  10. Jump up ^ http://www.roundtowers.org/fertagh/index.htm
  11. Jump up ^ The Irish round tower-Origins and Architecture explored – Brain Lalor 1999
  12. Jump up ^ Ordnance survey in County Londonderry of Britain.Ordnance Survey, Thomas Colby, Sir Thomas Aiskew Larcom (Gart).
  13. Jump up ^ Observations on a journey through the kingdom of Ireland – Thomas Dineley (1681)
  14. ^ Jump up to: a b c d The Annals of the Kingdom of Sweden – John O’Donovan (1856)
  15. Jump up ^ a topographical Dictionary of Ireland: Consists of several counties; cities, neighborhoods; Company, Market and town; Parishes and most important villages with historical and statistical descriptions: Embellished with engravings of weapons in towns, bishoprics, Corporate Cities and Towns; and seals Several municipal companies, Volume 2 (1849)
  16. Jump up ^ Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, Volume 5-1867
  17. Jump up ^ The entire works Sir James Ware of Ireland, Volume 1 – by Sir James Ware (1739)
  18. Jump up ^ The towers and temples of ancient Ireland – Marcus Keane (1867)
  19. Jump up ^ Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland LXXVII- O. Davies (1948)

References

  • Brian Lalor (1999), The Irish Round Tower: Origins and architecture are explored , ISBN 1-898256-64-0
  • Roger Stalley (2000), the Irish round towers , ISBN 1-86059-114-0
  • T. O’Keeffe (2004), Ireland Round Towers. Building, rituals and landscapes of the early Irish Church , ISBN 0-7524-2571-4
  • Barrow, George L. (1979). The Round Towers of Ireland: A study and Gazette. University Press of Ireland. ISSN 0906187443rd
  • George Petrie (1845), the ecclesiastical architecture Ireland: An Essay on the Origins of the round towers in Ireland
  • This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). ” Article name needed “. Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Ardmore, County Waterford

Ardmore (Irish: Aird Mhor , meaning “great height”) is a seaside resort and fishing village in County Waterford, Ireland, not far from Youghal on the south coast of Ireland, with a population of about 330, although this varies with the tourist season. It is believed to be the oldest Christian settlement in Ireland. Saint Declan lived in the region at some time in the period 350-450 AD and Christianised the area before the arrival Saint Patrick.

In September 2014, Ardmore on a list of Ireland’s top tourist cities consists of Fáilte Ireland. [1]

History

Ecclesiastical History

At the Synod of Rathbreasail in 1111, was a recognition given to the Diocese of Ardmore, is said founded by Saint Declan, one of the Munster saint is said to have preceded Saint Patrick bringing Christianity to Ireland. He was regarded as a patron saint of Deisi East Munster. [2] The Bishop of Ardmore swore allegiance to Henry II of England at Cashel, as a suffragan of the Archbishop in 1171. The last reference to an independent bishop in Ardmore dates to 1210, when Innocent III, it appears as one of Cashel eleven suffragan dioceses. [3]

No longer a residential bishop, Árd Mór is currently specified by the Catholic Church as an ordinary look. [4]

The church, which is now called for Ardmore and the Grange , is the Roman Catholic Diocese of Waterford and Lismore. St Paul’s, an old Church of Ireland church in the village, is part of the parish Youghal.

church ruins

On a hill above the village is a well-preserved 30-m-high, 12-century round tower and the ruins of a cathedral dating from the 12th and 13th centuries [5] [6] with an adjacent 8th century oratory. One of the outer walls of the cathedral are some stone sculptures collected from a previous building 9th century. The carvings include a very early picture of a harp, images of Adam and Eve in the garden and a representation of “Solomon’s judgment”. The cathedral also contains two Ogham stones, resting in small alcoves. Some parts of the original structure can still be seen in the building. The present church Ireland church located near this complex.

Round tower and the ruins of St Declan’s church, Ardmore.

  • Ardmore Village
  • Ardmore Peninsula
  • Ardmore Peninsula
  • Ardmore Peninsula
  • Ardmore Peninsula
  • Ardmore Declan Place
  • Ardmore Church
  • Ardmore Church
  • Ardmore Church
  • Ardmore Bay
  • Round Tower of Ardmore (schematic)
  • Ardmore round tower on the crest of the County Waterford

maritime history

In recent decades, Ardmore lost its status as a fishing village fishing laws became more restrictive, and the traditional way of life received little consideration of EU and national legislators. Vital port development remains unpaid and larger vessels can not use the existing berths because of a lack of depth. But a small number of fishermen retain some of the old fishing practices as they continue to fish from Ardmore.

The Samson , a crane ship was wrecked on Ram Head, near the village, during December 1st storm in 1987 as it was being towed from Liverpool to Malta.Its wreck is now a popular diving spot. There are many other older wrecks in the bay area, including Marechal de Noailles , Bandon , Peri , Scotland ,Sextusa and Peg Tranton , and more recently, Anne Sophie , and Fee des Ondes. The remaining keel later wreck can still be seen at low tide on the beach.

Features

The village has two hotels, a number of pubs and restaurants, a seasonal gas station, a jetty and slipway and a shop. There are also one or two sports and a primary school. Here is a mil-long beach, usually referred to as Main Beach and several other beaches, such as Goat Island, Ballyquin, Curragh, and Whiting Bay. Ardmore is a popular seaside resort, but has had difficulty maintaining its Blue Flag beach status because of an outdated sewer systems (early work on updating the system began in 2006) and modern agricultural practices that result in runoff from fields and then into the Gulf, especially in the village at the end of the beach. Paradoxically, the lack of a suitable modern sewage system slower pace of residential development in Ardmore compared to some other seaside villages in southeastern thus preserving much of its charm. Recently, a new hotel was completed, replacing the older Cliff Hotel. [ Citation needed ] In 1992, this village was the overall winner of the Irish Tidy Towns Competition.

There is a cliff path begins near Cliff House Hotel and ends back in the main street. The walk, which has the marker posts erected along the road passes an old converted Coast Guard Station, St Declan Cell and Holywell, a ruined church, the wreckage of Samson , an abandoned sjöbevaknings lookout from 1939-1945 and another, much older, utsiktstorn.Längre away there is another good thing about stone chapel, called Fr. O’Donnell’s Well. The Round Tower Complex is top of the mountain above the village.

People

  • The writer Molly Keane lived in Ardmore for many years and was buried there after her death in 1996. [7] She is buried next to the Church of Ireland church.
  • The American writer Nora Roberts has founded three of her books in Ardmore, making it a popular destination for American tourists.
  • The author and journalist Fergal Keane spent many family summer holiday in Ardmore, which he describes as “heaven on earth”. [8]
  • The British writer and radical journalist Claud Cockburn moved to Ardmore in 1947. [9]

Thurston family writer was once the owner of the house “Maycroft” and a plaque to this effect is mounted on the wall. Some of their novels were in places very similar to Ardmore.

Sports

The local Gaelic Athletic Association club is Ardmore GAA. Seamus Prendergast, a member of the club is also a member of Waterford hurling team and Wayne & Niall Hennessy members of the county football panel. A number of other players also play on the inter-county level U21. Seamus Keating has represented Ireland at U18 level in Rugby Union.

Transport

Ardmore is served daily by Bus Éireann route 260 linking it to, among other things, Youghal, Midleton and Cork. Until 2010, it was also served by route 362 which linked it to Waterford via Dungarvan. [10]

See also

  • List of towns and villages in Ireland

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Ireland’s Top 10 tourist cities announced” .Independent.ie.Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  2. Jump up ^ Johnston, Eleven (2004). “Munster, saints (act. C .450- c0,700).” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography . Oxford University Press, September 2004. Accessed: July 2014.
  3. Jump up ^ Aubrey Gwynn and RN Hadcock, medieval monasteries: Ireland: with an addition to the early sites (Longmans, 1970), p. 62.
  4. Jump up ^ annuario pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 838
  5. Jump ^ JT Smith, “Ardmore Cathedral” in The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries in Ireland (vol. 102, no. 1, 1972) p. 10th
  6. Jump up ^ Peter Harbison, “architectural sculpture from the twelfth century in Ardmore” Irish Arts Review Yearbook (Vol. 11, 1995), pp. 100-101.
  7. Jump up ^ Thomas Jr., Robert McG. (24 April 1996). “Molly Keane, 91, a novelist, described the Anglo-Irish Gentry” .The New York Times.Retrieved 14 July 2008.
  8. Jump up ^ Irish Times August 20, 2008, page 13, an Irishman diary, Hugh Oram
  9. Jump up ^ Ann Morrow, picnic in a foreign country, Grafton Books, 1990
  10. Jump up ^ http://www.buseireann.ie/pdf/1362152507-260.pdf

County Waterford

Waterford (Irish: Contae Phort Láirge , the English name comes from the Old Norse Vedrafjörður ) is a municipality in Ireland. It is part of the South East region and is also of the province of Munster. It is named after the city of Waterford, which derives from the Old Norse name Veðrafjǫrðr orVedrarfjord . There is an Irish-speaking area, Gaeltacht na nDéise in the southwestern part of the county. Waterford City and County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county at large, including the city, is 113,795 according to the census of 2011.

Geography and political subdivisions

County Waterford has two mountain ranges, the Knockmealdown mountains and the Comeragh Mountains. The highest point in the county Knockmealdown, at 794. It also has many rivers, including Ireland’s third longest river Suir (184 km); and Ireland’s fourth longest river, the Blackwater River (168 km). There are over 30 [ citation needed ] beaches along Water volcanic [citation needed ] coastline. A large stretch of the coast, known as the Copper Coast has been designated UNESCO Geopark, a place of great geological importance. The area around the Ring (An Rinn) is a Gaeltacht, an Irish-speaking area.

Waterford City is the county seat, before the merger of the two Waterford authorities in June 2014 Dungarvan was the county seat [1] of Waterford County Council.

baronies

There are eight historic baronies in the county: Coshmore and Coshbride, Decies-in-Drum, Decies-without-Drum, Gaultiere, Glenahiry, middle third, Upper Third and Waterford City.

Towns and Villages

  • Abbey Side Affane, Aglish, Anne Town, a Rinn, Ardmore
  • Ballinacourty, Ballinameela, Ballinamult, Ballinroad, Ballybeg, Ballybricken, Bally Lower, Upper Bally, Ballydurn, Bally Gunner, Ballylaneen, Ballymacarbry, Ballymacart, Ballynaneashagh, Ballysaggart, Ballytruckle, Bilberry, Bunmahon, Butlerstown
  • Cappoquin, Carrickbeg, Carriglea, Cheekpoint, Clash More, Clonea-Power, Clonea Strand, Colligan, Coolnasmear, Crooke
  • Dungarvan, Dunhill, Dunmore East
  • dunhill
  • Faha, Faithlegg, Fins, Ferry Bank, Fews, Four Mile Water
  • Glencairn, Grange
  • Helvick Head
  • Kilbrien, Kilgobinet, Guy, Killea, Kilmacthomas, Kilmanahan, Kilmeaden, Kilrossanty, Kilwatermoy, Kinsalebeg, Knockanore
  • Lemybrien, Lisduggan, Lismore
  • Mahon Bridge, Minehead, Modeligo, Mothel, Mount Congreve, Mount Mellaray
  • New city
  • Old Parish
  • Passage East, Portlaw
  • Rathgormack
  • Sliabh gCua, Stradbally
  • Tallow, Tramore, Touraneena, Tourin, Tycor
  • Waterford, Whitechurch, Whiting Bay, Woods
  • Villiers Town

History

Waterford is colloquially called “The Deise” pronounced “day-sha” (Irish: An Deise ). Sometime between the 4th and 8th centuries, a tribe of native Gaelic people called Deisi have run from the southern county Meath / Kildare North, conquer and settled there. The ancient principality on the Deise today is roughly coincides with the current Catholic Diocese of Waterford and Lismore.

The westernmost of baronies are “Decies Drum” and “Decies without Drum”, separated by drum Fineen hills. [8]

There are many megalithic tombs and ogham stones [9] in the county. The Viking influence can still be seen by Reginald Tower, one of the first buildings to use a brick-and-mortar construction method in Ireland. Woods was a settlement dating back to the 9th century discovered 5.5 kilometers west of Waterford city. It was the largest settlement outside of Scandinavia and the only large-scale 9th century Viking settlement discovered so far in Western Europe. Other architectural features are the product of the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland and its effects.

Local governments and politics

1 June 2014 Waterford City and County Council is the local authority for Waterford. The authority was formed after the merger of Waterford City Council and Waterford County Council. The merger occurred as a result of municipal Reform Act 2014. Each municipality is ranked as the first level local administrative units NUTS 3 southeastern region of Eurostat purposes.There are 31 LAU 1 units in Ireland. The local authority is responsible for some local services such as sanitation, planning and development, libraries, collection of motor taxation, local roads and social housing.

The county is part of the South constituency for the application of the EU elections. For elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is part of the two constituencies: Waterford and Tipperary South. Together back seven deputies (TDs) to the Dáil. The Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009 defines Waterford constituency as “county of Waterford, except the part thereof, incorporated in constituency Tipperary South ,. And the city of Waterford “[10]

Gaeltacht

Gaeltacht na nDéise is a Gaeltacht area of Co. Waterford consists of the parish of An Rinn and a Sean Phobal . Gaeltacht na nDéise is 10 km from the town of Dungarvan, has a population of 1,784 people (2011 census) and covers a geographical area of 62 km 2 . According to the comprehensive linguistic study of the use of Irish in the Gaeltacht (revised), the proportion of daily Irish speakers in Gaeltacht na nDéise was 46.04% (2014). [11]

See also

  • High Sheriff of County Waterford
  • Lord Lieutenant of Waterford
  • List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Waterford)
  • Saint Declan

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Waterford County Council website.”
  2. Jump up ^ For the 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  3. Jump up ^ “Census of record 1821 figures.”. Cso.ie. Pulled 08/08/2014.
  4. Jump up ^ histpop.org
  5. Jump up ^ “NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (c) 2013 ‘. Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. 2010-09-27. Pulled 08/08/2014.
  6. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  7. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468 -0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  8. Jump up ^ Egan, PM (20 November 2004) [1893]. “Early Waterford History 2. Decies”. History of Waterford. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
  9. Jump up ^ “Prehistoric Waterford graves, dolmens and standing stones”. Prehistoricwaterford.com.
  10. Jump up ^ “Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009: Schedule”. Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 29 September of 2010.
  11. Jump up ^http://www.udaras.ie/media/pdf/002910_Udaras_Nuashonr%C3%BA_FULL_report_A4_FA.pdf

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