CategoryCounty Tipperary

The Rock of Cashel

The Rock of Cashel (Irish: Carraig Phádraig ), also known as Cashel of the Kings and St. Patrick’s Rock, is a historic site located at Cashel, County Tipperary, Ireland.

History

According to local mythology, the Rock of Cashel originated in the Devil’s Bit, a mountain 20 miles (30 km) north of Cashel when Patrick banished Satan from a cave, resulting in Rock landing in Cashel. [1] Cashel is known to be the site of the conversion of the king of Munster by St. Patrick in the 5th century.

Rock of Cashel was the traditional seat of the kings of Munster for several hundred years before the Norman invasion. In 1101, King of Munster, Muirchertach Ua Briain, donated his fortress on the Rock Church. The picturesque complex has a character of its own and is one of the most remarkable collections of Celtic art and medieval architecture to be found anywhere in Europe. [2] Some remnants of the early structures survive; the majority of buildings on the current site are from the 12th and 13th centuries.

Building on the Rock

The oldest and longest of the buildings are well-preserved round tower (28 meters or 90 feet), dating from c.1100. Its entrance is (3.7 m) 12 feet from the ground, is needed because of a slab (about 3 feet) typical of round towers.The tower was built using stone approach. Modern conservationists have filled in a part of the tower with the use of safety.

Cormac’s Chapel, the Chapel of King Cormac Mac Carthaigh, started in 1127 and opened in 1134. [2] It is a very sophisticated structure, unlike most Irish Romanesque churches, which are usually simple in plan with isolated decorated features. The Irish Abbot of Regensburg, Regensburg Dirmicius, sent two of his carpenters to assist in the work and the twin towers on either side of the intersection of the nave and chancel are strongly suggestive of their Germanic influence, because this function is otherwise unknown in Ireland. Other notable features of the building include interior and exterior arcading, entunn vaulted ceilings, a carved tympanum over two doorways, the magnificent northern door and the chancel arch. It contains one of the best preserved Irish frescos from that period. The chapel was built mainly of sandstone which have become waterlogged over the centuries, significantly damage the inner fresker.Restaurering and conservation required chapel be completely enclosed in a rain-proof structure with dehumifiers to wipe out the stone.

Cathedral, built between 1235 and 1270, is an aisleless construction of cross plan, having a central tower and terminating west in a massive residential palace. The Hall of the Vicars Choral was built in the 15th century. The vicars choral were laymen (sometimes minor Canon) have been appointed to assist in chanting the cathedral services. At Cashel there were originally eight vicars choral works with his own seal. This later reduced to five honorary vicars choral singing that appointed men as deputies, a practice that continued until 1836. The restoration of the Hall were made by the Office of Public Works as a project in the context of the European architectural heritage year 1975. Through the visitors now come enter the site. [1]

1647, during the Irish League of war, was sacked by the English Cashel Honourable troops under Murrough O’Brien, 1st Earl of Inchiquin. The Irish League of troops which massacred, who was Roman Catholic priests, including Theobald Stapleton. Inchiquin’s troops looted or destroyed many important religious artifacts. [2]

1749 Main cathedral ceiling removed by Arthur Price, the Anglican Archbishop of Cashel. [1] Today, what remains of the Rock of Cashel has become a turistattraktion.Pris decision to remove the roof of what had been the jewel among the Irish church buildings was criticized before, and for. [3]

Queen Elizabeth II visited the Rock of Cashel during his 2011 visit to Ireland.[4]

other features

The entire plateau buildings and graveyard lie walls. The grounds surrounding the buildings an extensive cemetery contains a number of high crosses. Scully Cross, one of the largest and most famous high crosses here, originally built in 1867 to celebrate the Scully family, was destroyed in 1976 when lightning struck a metal rod that ran the length of the cross. The remains of the upper part of the cross is now at the base of the cross next to the rock wall.

funerals

  • Malcolm Hamilton (archbishop)

See also

  • Eóganachta
  • Kings of Munster
  • Kings of Desmond
  • The synod in Cashel
  • Hore Abbey

References

  1. ^ Jump up to: abc . Seymour, John (1907) Minutes of the past. 6 . Records of the Past Exploration Society. pp. 259-263.
  2. ^ Jump up to: abc Howitt, William. (1864) ruined abbeys and castles in the UK. 2 . AW Bennett. pp. 159-161.
  3. Jump up ^ Rev. John Healy, LL.D (Anglican rector of Kells and The Canon of St. Patrick’s, Dublin) history of the Diocese of Meath: Vol. II.(Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1908), p. ’93.
  4. Jump up ^ “The Queen in Ireland: day four as it happened,” The Telegraph http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/queen-elizabeth-II/8517953/The-Queen-in-Ireland-day-four-as-it-happened.html

Mitchelstown Cave

Mitchelstown Cave is a limestone cave near Burn Court, County Tipperary, Ireland. Situated 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) from Mitchelstown, County Cork, became the first cave in Ireland attutvecklas to the public in 1972. [1]

The cave is situated in the townland of Coolagarranroe, [2] the R639 between Mitchelstown and Cahir. It is a privately owned local landmark and tourist destination, with a number of caves are open to the public through a guided tour. Remarkable speleothems include Tower of Babel column. The largest cave, known as Concert Hall, has hosted music events, including a performance by the Celtic Tenors. [1]

History

While the presence of a cave has been known in the area for at least as far back as 1777, [3] Mitchelstown Cave was discovered accidentally by Michael Condon, a farm laborer May 3, 1833. [4] It was first explored and mapped in 1834 by James Apjohn , [5] and then visited by a large number of prominent naturalists and speleologists including Édouard-Alfred Martel in 1895 and H. Luster Jameson, who first described the fauna in the cave. [3] in 1908, the cave thoroughly researched and resurveyed of Dr. CA Hill Dr. . A. The rule, Harold Brodrick of the Yorkshire Ramblers’ Club and Robert Lloyd Praeger. [3]

References

  1. ^ Jump up to: ab Hayes Curtin, Brian (2011-01-26). “Going underground”.Cork Independent. Pulled 04/30/2011.
  2. Jump up ^ Coleman, JC (1965). The caves in Ireland. Tralee, Co. Kerry: Anvil Press. pp. 18-22.
  3. ^ Jump up to: abc Hill, CA (1908). “Mitchelstown.` Cave (abstract).” Irish Natura. Dublin: Eason & Son. 25 : 239th Taken 2011-04-30.
  4. Jump up ^ Foot, Arthur Wynne (1878). “An account of a visit to the cave Dunmore, Co. Kilkenny, with some comments on human remains found there. ” Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. 4. Dublin. In67. Hämtad2010-11-06.
  5. Jump up ^ Apjohn, Dr. (1834-1835). “On Mitchelstown Cave.” Dublin Penny Journal. 3-4 : 203-208. Pulled 04/30/2011.

Lough Derg (Shannon)

Lough Derg , historic Lough Dergart (Irish: Loch Deirgeirt ), [1] is a lake in the Shannon River Basin, Ireland. It is the second largest lake in Ireland, and the third largest on the island of Ireland (after Lough Neagh and Lough Corrib).

It is a long, narrow lake, with beaches in counties Clare (south-west), Galway (north-west) and Tipperary (to the east). It is the southernmost of the three major lakes on the River Shannon; the other ärLough Ree and Lough Allen.Towns and villages on Lough Derg include Portumna, Kill & Ballina, Dromineer, Terryglass, Mount and Garry Kennedy.

Sea’s name evolved from the Irish Loch Deirgdheirc . [1] It was one of the names of the Dagda, an Irish god, and literally means “red eye”. [2]

Geography

At its deepest, the lake is 36 meters [3] deep and covers an area of 130 square kilometers (50.2 sq miles). Close downstream of where Lough Derg empties into the Shannon are the falls of Doonass, the biggest decline on the otherwise gently sloping river. Nearby is the site of hydroelectric plant in Ardnacrusha, which when built in 1927 was the world’s largest.

Use

In the nineteenth century, Lough Derg was an important artery from the port of Limerick to Dublin through the canals in the midlands of Ireland.Navigable over its entire 40 km long, is Lough Derg today popular with cruisers and other pleasure boats, as well as sailing and fishing. The University of Limerick have an activity center by the lake, just north of Kill, where there are canoes, kayaks, windsurfing, sailing dingies and other leisure activities.

Lough Derg is home to an RNLI lifeboat based at Dromineer, the first inland station in Ireland. [4] In June 2013, 35 people were taken to safety when a major rescue operation was carried out by an international rowing event was hit by severe weather. [5 ]

Ecology

A breeding pair of eagles first nested on an island in Lough Derg in 2012. This marked a major success for the Irish reintroduction program began in the summer of 2007. [6] [7] [8]

The northeastern shore is listed as a special area of conservation. [9]

Towns / Villages

  • Ballina
  • Dromineer
  • Garrykennedy
  • Kilgarvan
  • Kill
  • Mount
  • Portroe
  • Portumna
  • Scarriff (location of regional Waterways Ireland office) [10]
  • Terryglass
  • Whitegate

See also

  • List of Loughs in Ireland
  • Lough Derg (Donegal), another Irish lake with the same name

References

  1. ^ Jump up to: a b placental Database for Ireland
  2. Jump up ^ MacKillop, James. Myths and Legends of the Celts . Penguin, 2006. p.137
  3. Jump up ^ International Lake Environment Committee Foundation
  4. Jump up ^ loughderglifeboat.com
  5. Jump up ^ Hilliard, Mark. “Lough Derg rescue operation gives 35 ashore by rowing event”. Www.irishtimes.com. The Irish Times. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  6. Jump up ^ “Sea eagles return to the Irish nest”. The Irish Times.04.30.2012. Pulled 04/30/2012.
  7. Jump up ^ RTÉ: Rare eagle was reintroduced to Ireland
  8. Jump up ^ Havsörn
  9. Jump up ^ http://www.npws.ie/sites/default/files/protected-sites/conservation_objectives/CO004058.pdf
  10. Jump up ^ Waterways Ireland ePortal

The Glen of Aherlow

The Glen of Aherlow (Irish: Gleann Eatharlaí ) is a picturesque valley nestled between Slievenamuck and Galtee Mountains in the western part of the county Tipperary in Ireland. The main village is Lisvarrinane or more often spelled Lisvernane with a village on Rossadrehid where Aherlow dairy existed before its closure at the end of the 20th century. Other nearby population centers are the villages of Galbally on the western outskirts, Kilross (on the northwestern front) and Bansha who commands the eastern entrance. Over the northern flank of Slievenamuck is Tipperary Town.

The tradition of Geoffrey Keating lives on in folklore of the Glen of Aherlow.Keating preached sermons there, take refuge and, according to tradition, lived in a cave for a large part of the time while on the run and compiling his magnum opus, Foras Feasa Ar Éirinn ( c. 1634). [1]

The image below is a picture of “Christ the King” statue overlooking the valley of Glen of Aherlow is located in. “Christ the King” is on Slievenamuck at the entrance to Tipperary Town. As Aherlow is quite scenic, the parking lot at the “Christ the King” is often full during the summer and offers a beautiful view on a clear day. Tourism in the area is strong year-round, but especially in the summer. Those who want to balance a retreat in rural areas with access to historically important towns and villages could find its way to Glen.

Panoramic views of the Glen of Aherlow.

References 

  1. Jump up ^ Breandán Ó Buachalla ‘ “Annala Ríoghachta Éireann” Is “Foras Feasa s Éirinn”: A Comhthéacs Comhaimseartha “in Studia Hibernica , No. 22/23 (1982/1983), pp. 90th

Carrick-on-Suir

Carrick-on-Suir (Irish: Carraig on-Suir , which means “rock of the Suir”) is a town in County Tipperary, Ireland. It lies on both banks of the River Suir.The CSO 2006 Census provides population 5906 (including suburbs or surrounding areas) and shows that it has increased by 5.7% since 2002. It is in the historical barony of Iffa and Offa East.

Content

  • 1Plats
  • 2Historia
    • 2,1Inverkan Butler family
    • 2,220th century
  • 3Egenskaper and equipment
    • 3,1Suir
    • 3.2Landmärken
    • 3.3kyrkor
  • 4Sport
  • 5klubbar and compounds
  • 6Noterbart people
  • 7Hänvisar to
  • 8Externa links

Place

Carrick-on-Suir is located in the southeast corner of South Tipperary, 21 kilometers (13 miles) east of Clonmel, 27 kilometers (17 miles) northwest of Waterford. Most of the city lies north of the river in the townland of Carrig Mor ( Big Rock ), with the rest of the city on the opposite shore in the townland of Carrig Beg (Small Rock). The city is connected to Limerick ochWaterford the N24 road and a railway line. Carrick-on-Suir train station opened April 15, 1853. [7] The two trains one day work to Waterford and two trains a day seems to Limerick Junction via Clonmel, Cahir and Tipperary.There is no train service on Sundays. Several buses also run on this route.There is a recently renovated riverside walk Clonmel along a former canal towpath. This has recently been upgraded and replanted.

For the purposes of elections to Dáil Éireann, the city is part of Tipperary South constituency.

History

The influence of the Butler family

Carrick-on-Suir (originally called Carrig Mac Griffin) was established on an island upstream settlement Waterford. The city remained an island until the 18th century, when small rivers were diverted to form dry land north and west of the city. The earliest known record of a settlement dated to 1247, when a charter for 3 fairs per year was awarded to Matthew Fitzgriffin, Lord of the Manor of Carrick who was a member of the Cambro-Norman nobility.

In the early 14’s, had Carrick Mac Griffin has become home to a thriving Hiberno-Norman family – Butler. The first important leader of Butler clan, Edmond Butler (aka Edmund le Bottilier ) was created Earl of Carrick in 1315.But his son James did not inherit the title. Instead, seven years after his father’s death, he was created Earl of Ormond in its own right. In 1447, Edmund MacRichard Butler founded the first bridge over the estuary of Carrick-on-Suir. Other notable members of the clan Butler Thomas Butler, 10th Earl of Ormond (aka Black Tom ) who built the Tudor Manor House extension Ormonde Castle and James the 12th Earl and 1st Duke of Ormond, who founded the city’s wool industry in 1670th

Edmond le Bottiler erected two large, heavily garrisoned the castle is the name Plantagenet castle on the north bank of the River Suir, just east of what is now Main St. In the 15th century, was a four-towered castle was built on the same site, two of which are now incorporated into the Elizabethan Manor House was built by Black Tom Butler, c. 1560th Manor House still stands today, after undergoing an extensive renovation of the state in the 1990s and is open to the public. The city was also the inspiration for the 16th-century song, Cailín ó Choi on-Suir mé , as certified in 1595 and mentioned in Shakespeare’s Henry V AS Caleño custure me.

In 1649, the city was taken by the English Parliamentarians during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland. The Carrick caught the sly after discovering an undefended gate as part of the activities during the siege of Waterford. Irish soldiers from Ulster under Major Geoghegan tried to take Carrick but eventually beaten by a loss of over 500 dead.

In 1670 Butler set up a wool industry in the city. By 1799, the city had a certain prosperity from the wool industry, fishing, basket weaving and other river-related businesses – the population was about 11,000 at this point. Over the next 120 years, however, the city hit by high taxes and levies imposed by the British on the wool industry, leading to high unemployment, poverty and emigration. The Great Famine also contributed significantly to the depopulation of the city.

20th century

With the coming of independence and civil war, Carrick was initially occupied by anti-Treaty IRA until the city fell to the Free State Army in 1922. By now had industrialization reached Carrick establishment of cotton mills and a local dairy. Most significant, but for the economic development of the city was the arrival of the tanning industry in the 1930s, providing regular, reliable work in the city for the first time. The local council also started to build social housing projects in an attempt to deal with the terrible living conditions in the city for the economically disadvantaged. Despite this development, economic opportunities were limited and widespread poverty – the city saw widespread emigration to Dublin, the UK and further afield especially during the long recession of the 1940s and 1950s.

The closure of Pollack & Plunder tannery in 1985 caused enormous problems in the city, since a significant proportion of the population (Carrick’s population was about 4,000 in this paragraph) was employed there or were dependent on someone who was. Carrick suffered a prolonged recession in the 1980s and early 1990s, again leading to population decline due to emigration – a fate suffered by other small, rural Irish towns during the period. In the late 1990s, the economy of the city was on the rise – the unemployment rate had dropped, the SRAM bicycle component factory had opened that had many small businesses, and the population began to increase again for the first time in two centuries.

Carrick local infrastructure (especially health and transport) are still relatively undeveloped, due to its location on the border of three counties (and subsequent lack of political muscle both county and national level), and the nearby larger towns of Clonmel and Waterford. From 2006, is still no major manufacturing operation in the city – SRAM facility was closed in 2006, but Carrick continues to flourish economically. The population continues to increase, and the city is expanding with major projects in progress Building Construction. The future of Carrick is likely to be a commuter town, service people working in Waterford and Clonmel – a role which it has done for decades.

Features and amenities

There are two theaters in Carrick-on-Suir, Brewery Lane Theatre and Opera Association. While the opera society tends to focus on musicals, operas and pantomimes, Brewery Lane usually dramas that can be serious, and often black comedy. Many of these are Irish.

Suir

The river is tidal through the city and turning the tide of Glanbia upstream of Carrick-on-Suir. Flood waters spill on the ground above Glanbia in County Waterford side of the river. Carrick has a 1-in-50-year flood defense system of quay walls vary in height from 1.2 to 1.5. Currently, the walls provide protection against flooding caused by high tides. Carrick is less than 10 meters above sea level and can be affected by global warming in the future.Floods still occur along / Mill River Glen and Markievicz Tce.

Landmarks

In 1447 a stone bridge was built, now known as “Old Bridge”. A new, more modern bridge (later named after John Dillon) was built in the early 20th century. The central part of the old bridge (and likewise Dillon Bridge) was destroyed by the retreating forces of the IRA in 1922 in an attempt to slow down before the Free State army, but both were built by 1927. [ citation needed ]

Carrick City clock was erected in 1784. A public park was created in the fair green in the 1860s. The town fair continues today, having moved from the real green in the 1920s to a new location just west of the Fair Green. [ Citation needed ]

Churches

There are three Catholic churches. The largest church in Carrick Mór is St. Nicholas Church Which was built in 1879 and replaced an earlier church of the same name was built in 1804. In Carrick Beg is the small St. Moll era parish church (parts of which date back to the 13th century) and the larger Franciscan friary. The Franciscan order’s presence in Carrick goes back to 1336 with the granting of land for a friary of the 1st Earl of Ormond. But the suppression of the monasteries by Henry VIII led to the closure of the friary.Shortly before the invasion of Ireland by Cromwell had the monks returned for an 11-year period before it was closed again and the brothers to go underground to avoid persecution. It was not until 1820 and the onset of Catholic Emancipation that the monks could return completely and a new chapel was built. The monks served the local community until the shortage of vocations to the decision led to finally leave Carrick-Beg in 2006.

The Church of Ireland community was relatively significant until independence Community Church on Main Street was given until the end of the 1980s, when the church building and grounds were renovated and now serves as a heritage center.

Sports

  • There are three Gaelic Athletic Association clubs.
    • Carrick Davin (named after the first GAA President Maurice Davin) playing in Tipperary GAA area
    • Carrick Swans playing in Tipperary GAA area
    • St. Moll Eran’s playing in Waterford GAA field.

1904 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship finals played in Carrick-on-Suir. The match was held on Maurice Davin land on June 24, 1906 between Cork and Kilkenny. Kilkenny won by a single point, 1-9 to 1-8.

  • Football
    • Carrick United AFC, is a junior (non-league, amateur) football team that plays in Waterford & District League. The club has had great success in Waterford & District League, Munster Senior and Junior Cups and also in the FAI Junior Cup. [ Citation needed ] the club moved to new grounds in the last 10 years, known as Tom Drohan Park.
  • Rugby
    • Amateur rugby team, Carrick-on-Suir RFC play in Munster Junior League Division II. Club grounds located east of the city in Tybroughney, County Kilkenny.
  • Golf – 18 hole golf course
  • Humphreys driving range
  • Sean Kelly pool and gym.
  • Tennis
    • Castle Lawn Tennis Club, with four artificial turf fields.
  • Handball and badminton
    • Carrick-on Suir handball and badminton Club, Davin Park indoor courts, Clonmel Road.
  • Boxing
    • Carrick-on-Suir Boxing Club
    • St. Nicholas Boxing Club
  • Cycling
    • Iverk Produce Carrick Wheelers
    • Carrick Wheeler Road Club
  • triathlon
    • Carrick-on-Suir Triathlon Club

Clubs and societies

  • Carrick-on-Suir Musical Society (formed in 1943) is a renowned and national award-winning musical and amateur operatic society. The Musical Society recently bought and renovated Strand Theatre on Main Street for the use of the compound. Brewery Lane Drama Society (formed in 1955) performs several major productions a year at its 75 person capacity theater, which was formerly a malt house owned by Smithwicks.
  • The Irish Traction Group is based in Carrick-on-Suir, where restoration work is performed on vintage diesel locomotives. [8]
  • Carrick-on-Suir also a Republican Flute Band playing at many Irish Republican Sinn Féin events. [9]

Notable people

Notable people from the town include:

  • Dorothea Herbert (1770-1829), author
  • Clancy Brothers, the influential folk group
    • Paddy Clancy, singers, harmonicist
    • Tom Clancy, singer, actor
    • Bobby Clancy, singer and banjo, guitar, harmonica, and bodhran player
    • Liam Clancy, singer, guitarist, concertina player
  • Finbarr Clancy, singer, guitar, banjo, flute and bass with folk group The High Kings.
  • Maurice Davin, first President of the Gaelic Athletic Association, 1884-1887
  • Michael Anthony Fleming, the Roman Catholic bishop in St. Johns, Newfoundland, Canada
  • Daryl Kavanagh, football player for the St. Patricks Athletic
  • Sean Kelly, cyclist
  • Sam Bennett, cyclist
  • Tom Kiely, Olympic decathlon gold medalist at the 1904 Summer Olympics, from Ballyneal, just outside the city.
  • John Lonergan, recipient of United States government has Medal of Honor
  • Fiona Glascott, actor
  • Mick Roche, former Tipperary hurler

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area” (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 reports. Central Statistics Office of Ireland. April 2007. Taken 2011-05-21.
  2. Jump up ^ Census of post 1821 figures.
  3. Jump up ^ http://www.histpop.org
  4. Jump up ^ http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census
  5. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  6. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468 -0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  7. Jump up ^ “Carrick on Suir station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways.Retrieved 2007-09-07.
  8. Jump up ^ “Operating Base”. Irish Traction Group. Pulled 01/14/2009.
  9. Jump up ^ http://www.anphoblacht.com/events/2009-02-12

County Tipperary

County Tipperary (Irish: Contae Thiobraid Arann ) is a municipality in Ireland. Tipperary County Council is the local government authority for the county. Between 1838 and 2014 the County Tipperary was divided into two counties, North Tipperary and South Tipperary, who were under the law municipal reform in 2014, which took effect after the 2014 local elections, June 3, 2014. [1] It is located in the province of Munster. The county is named after the town of Tipperary, which was founded in the early thirteenth century, shortly after the Norman invasion of Ireland .Befolkningen throughout the county was 160,441 at the 2016 census. [2] The largest cities are Clonmel, Nenagh and Thurles.

Geography and political subdivisions 

Tipperary is the sixth largest of the 32 counties by area and the 12th largest by population. [3] It is the third largest of Munster’s 6 counties by size and the third largest by population. It is also the largest inland county in Ireland. The region is part of the central plain of Ireland, but diverse terrain includes several mountain ranges: the Knockmealdown, the Galtee the ARRA Hills and the Silvermine mountains .The southern part of the county is drained by the River Suir; the north of the tributaries of the Shannon widens into Lough Derg. No part of the county touches the coast. The center is known as the “Golden Vale”, a rich pastoral stretch of land in the River Suir basin stretching into the counties of Limerick and Cork.

baronies

There are 12 historic baronies in County Tipperary: Clanwilliam, Eliogarty, IFFA and Offa East, IFFA and Offa West, Ikerrin, Kilnamanagh Lower, Kilnamanagh Upper, middle third, Ormond Lower, Upper Ormond, Owney and ARRA and Slievardagh.

Civil parishes and townlands

Main article: Civil parishes in Ireland

Townships bounded by Down Survey as a staging area, with several townlands per parish and several parishes per barony. The civil parishes had no use of local taxes and included in the nineteenth century maps of the Ordnance Survey of Ireland. [4] For the poor law purposes, the District Electoral Divisions replaced the civil parishes in the mid-nineteenth century.There are 199 civil parishes in the county. [5] townlands are the smallest officially defined geographic divisions in Sweden; There are 3,159 townlands in the county. [6]

Towns and Villages

[View] Historical population
  • Ahenny – Áth Eine
  • Ardfinnan – Ard Fhíonáin
  • Ballina – Béal a Átha
  • Ballingarry – Baile a Gharraí
  • Ballyclerahan – Baile Uí Chléireacháin
  • Ballylooby – Béal Átha Lúbaigh
  • Ballyporeen – Béal Átha Póirín
  • Bansha – A Bháinseach
  • Bird Hill – Cnocán an EIN Fhinn
  • Borrisokane – Buiríos Uí Chein
  • Borrisoleigh – Buiríos Ó Luigheach
  • Cahir – A Chat Hair / Cathair Dun Iascaigh
  • Cappawhite – A Cheapach na Bhfaoiteach
  • Carrick-on-Suir – Carraig on-Suir
  • Cashel – Caiseal
  • Castleiney – Caislean Aoibhne
  • Clogheen – Chloichín a Mhargaid
  • Clonmel – Clonmel
  • Clonmore – A Cluain Mhor
  • Clonoulty – Cluain Ultaigh
  • Clough – Cloch Shiurdáin
  • Coalbrook – Glaise na Ghuail
  • Cullen – Cuilleann
  • Donohill – Dun Eochaille
  • Drom – Drom
  • Dromineer – Drom Inbhir
  • Dualla – Dubhaille
  • Dundrum – Dun Droma
  • Emly – Imleach Iubhair
  • Fethard – Fiodh Ard
  • Golden – A Gabhailín
  • Gortnahoe – Gort na hUamha
  • Hollyford – Áth an Chuillinn
  • Holy Cross – Mainistir na Croiche
  • Horse and Jockey – A Marcach
  • Killenaule – Cill Naile
  • Kilmoyler – Cill Mhaoileachair
  • Kilsheelan – Cill Siolain
  • Knockgraffon – Cnoc Rafann
  • Lisronagh – Lios Ruanach
  • Littleton – An Baile Beag
  • Lorrha – Lothra
  • Loughmore – Luach Magh
  • Milestone – Cloch a Mhíle
  • Nenagh – A tAonach
  • New Birmingham – Gleann a Ghuail
  • New Inn – Loch Cheann
  • Newport – An Tulach Sheasta
  • Nine Mile House – Tigh na Naoi Míle
  • Rear Cross – Crois na Rae
  • Roscrea – Roscrea
  • Rose Green – Faiche Red
  • Rathcabbin – An Rath Cabban
  • Temple – A Team Mór
  • Thurles – Durlas
  • Tipperary – Tiobraid Arann
  • Toomevara – Tuaim Uí Mheára
  • Two Mile Borris – Buiríos Leith
  • Upper Church – A Team Uachtarach

History

After the Norman invasion of Ireland, the Kingdom of Munster invoked as a dominion. By 1210, the sheriff of Munster shired the Shires in Tipperary and Limerick. [13] In 1328, Tipperary granted Earl of Ormond as a county palatine or freedom. [13] The contribution excluded church lands such as the archiepiscopal see of Cashel, which constituted separate counties Cross Tipperary. [13] Even if Earl had jurisdiction over church lands in 1662, “Tipperary and Cross Tipperary” not finally united until the County Palatine of Tipperary Act 1715, when the 2nd Duke of Ormondades attainted for supporting the Jacobite uprising of 1715. [14] [15]

The county was divided again in 1838. [16] The county town of Clonmel, where the jury held its semiannual court at the south border of the county, and roads leading north were poor, which makes the trip uncomfortable for.Jury members residing there [16] a petition to move the county town to a more central location was opposed by MP Clonmel, so instead the county was divided into two “ridings”; grand jury in South Riding continued to meet in Clonmel, while the North Riding met in Nenagh. [16] When the municipal (Ireland) Act 1898 established the county councils to replace the jury for civil functions, was ridings separate “administrative counties” with separate governments. [16] Their names have been changed from “Tipperary North / South Riding” to “North / south Tipperary” avkommunallagen, 2001, which was redesignated all “administrative counties” as simply “County”. [17] the municipal Reform Act 2014, the two counties and restored a single county Tipperary. [18]

Local governments and politics

After Municipal Reform Act 2014 Tipperary County Council is the local authority for the county. The Agency is a merger of two separate authorities, North Tipperary County Council and South Tipperary County Council which operated until June 2014. The municipality is responsible for certain local services such as sanitation, planning and development, libraries, collection of motor taxation, local roads and social housing. The county is part of the South constituency for the application of the EU elections. For elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is part of the two constituencies: Tipperary North and Tipperary South. Together back six deputies (TDs) to the Dáil.

Culture

Tipperary called it “the Premier County”, a description is written [ citation needed ]to Thomas Davis, editor of The Nation magazine in the 1840s as a tribute to nationalist sentiment in Tipperary and said [ citation needed ] that “if Tipperary joints, Ireland follows “. Tipperary were the subject of the famous song “It’s a long way to Tipperary” written by Jack Judge, whose grandparents came from the county. It was popular with the regiments of the British Army during the First World War. The song “Slievenamon”, traditionally associated with the county, written by Charles Kickham from Mullinahone, and usually sung at sporting events involving the county. [19]

Irish

There are 979 Irish speakers in County Tipperary participated in five Gaelscoileanna (Irish language primary school) and two Gaelcholáistí (Irish language secondary schools). [20]

Economy

The area around Clonmel is the economic hub of the county: east of the town of manufacturers Bulmers (Brewers) and Merck & Co. (drug). There is much fertile land, especially in the region known as the Golden Vale, one of the richest agricultural areas in Ireland. Milk production and cattle raising are the main occupations. [ Citation needed ] Other industries are slate mineral and manufacturing of flour and flour.

Tipperary is known for its horse breeding industry and is home to Coolmore Stud, the largest thoroughbred breeding operation in the world. [ Citation needed ]

Tourism plays an important role in County Tipperary – Lough Derg, Thurles, Rock of Cashel, Ormonde Castle, Ahenny High Cross, Cahir Castle, Bru Boru Heritage Centre and Tipperary Crystal are some of the top tourist destinations in the county.

Transport

Road transport dominates in County Tipperary. The M7 motorway crosses the northern part of the county through Roscrea and Nenagh, and the M8 motorway bisects the county from north of Two Mile Borris County Limerick border. Both roads are among some of the busiest roads on the island. Limerick to Waterford N24 crosses the southern half of Tipperary, traveling through Tipperary Town, Bansha, north of Cahir and around Clonmel and Carrick-on-Suir.

railways

Tipperary also has a number of railway stations situated on the Dublin-Cork line, Dublin to Limerick and Limerick-Waterford line. The railway lines connecting places in Tipperary to Cork, Dublin Heuston, Waterford, Limerick, Mallow and Galway.

Sports

County Tipperary has a strong association with the Gaelic Athletic Association was founded in Thurles in 1884. The Gaelic Games of Hurling, Gaelic Football, Camogie and Handball organized by Tipperary GAA county board of GAA.Organisationen compete in the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship and All-Ireland Senior in football. Tipperary, with 26 victories, is the only county that has won an All-Ireland title in evey decade since the 1880s.

Horse racing takes place in Tipperary Racecourse, Racecourse Thurles and Clonmel Racecourse.

Tourist attractions

  • Athassel Priory
  • Cahir Castle
  • Coolmore Stud
  • Devil’s Bit – a mountain near Temple
  • Dromineer
  • Galtymore – a munro, and the highest mountain in County Tipperary (919).
  • Glen of Aherlow
  • Wood Glengarra
  • Holy Cross Abbey
  • Kilcash Castle
  • Lorrha
  • Lough Derg
  • Mitchelstown Cave
  • Ormonde Castle, Carrick-on-Suir
  • Redwood Castle (Castle Egan)
  • Rock of Cashel
  • Slievenamon – mountain in connection with many Irish legends (721)

Notable people

  • Anne Anderson, Ambassador to the US
  • John Desmond Bernal, controversial twentieth century scholars
  • Dan Breen, Irish Republican during the Irish War of Independence, later a TD for the county.
  • William Butler, nineteenth century officer, writer and adventurer
  • Peter Campbell, founder of the Uruguayan Navy
  • The Clancy Brothers, the folk group
    • Paddy Clancy, singers, harmonicist
    • Tom Clancy, singer, actor
    • Bobby Clancy, singer, banjoist
    • Liam Clancy, singer, guitarist
  • Kerry Condon, actress
  • Frank Corcoran, composer
  • Dayl Cronin, lead singer, member of boy band Hometown
  • John N. Dempsey, governor of Connecticut (1961-1971)
  • Dennis Dewane, American politician
  • John M. Feehan, Authors and Publishers
  • Frank Fitzgerald, American politician
  • Una Healy, a singer, a member of girl group The Saturdays
  • Patrick Hobbins, American politician
  • Tom Kiely, Olympic gold medalist
  • Martin O’Meara, recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Frank Patterson, tenor
  • Ramsay Weston Phipps, military historian
  • Rozanna Purcell, model, winner of the Miss Universe Ireland in 2010.
  • Adi Roche, advocate for peace, humanitarian assistance and training, founder and president of the Chernobyl Children International
  • Richard Lalor Sheil, politicians, writers and speakers
  • Pat Shortt, actor, comedian and entertainer
  • Laurence Sterne, writer and priest, best known for Tristram Shandy
  • Denis Lynch, showjumper
  • Lena Rice, the Wimbledon Tennis Championships
  • Seán Treacy, Irish Republican during the Irish War of Independence

See also

  • Annals of Inisfallen
  • High Sheriff of Tipperary
  • List of civil parishes in County Tipperary
  • List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Tipperary)
  • List of national monuments in South Tipperary
  • Lord Lieutenant of Tipperary
  • Tipperary Hill, a neighborhood in Syracuse, New York, USA, which is inhabited by many descendants in County Tipperary.
  • Vehicle registration plates in Ireland

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Tipperary County Council”. Tipperary County Council. May 29, 2014. Tipperary County Council will be an official unified authority on Tuesday, June 3, 2014. The new agency combines the existing management of North Tipperary County Council and South Tipperary County Council.
  2. Jump up ^ [1] Census in 2016.
  3. Jump up ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186-191.
  4. Jump up ^ “Map (parish boundaries visible in the historical stock)”.MapViewer. Ordnance Survey Ireland. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
  5. Jump up ^ “placental Database of Ireland – Tipperary civil communities.” Logainm.ie. 13.12.2010. Pulled 09/14/2012.
  6. Jump up ^ “placental Database of Ireland – Tipperary townlands.”Logainm.ie. 13.12.2010. Pulled 09/14/2012.
  7. Jump up ^ For the 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  8. Jump up ^ “Census of record 1821 figures.”. Cso.ie. Pulled 09/14/2012.
  9. Jump up ^ histpop.org
  10. Jump up ^ “NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency”.Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. Pulled 09/14/2012.
  11. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  12. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468 -0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  13. ^ Jump up to: abc Falkiner, Caesar Litton (1904). “The Counties of Ireland”. Illustrations of Irish history and topography: mainly of the seventeenth century. Longmans, Green. pp. 108-142. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
  14. Jump up ^ Deputy Keeper of the Public Records of Ireland (04/26/1873).”Annex 3: Excerpts from the report of the Assistant Deputy Keeper of the Records of the audit record of the County Palatine of Tipperary”. Fifth Report. Command paper. C.760. HMSO. pp. 32-37. Retrieved 2011-08-14.
  15. Jump up ^ Ireland (1794). “2 George I C.8”. Statutes adopted in parliament held in Ireland. III: 1715-1733. Printed by George Grierson, printer to the King’s Most Excellent Majesty. pp. 5-11. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
  16. ^ Jump up to: abcd Murphy, Donal A. (1994). The two Tipperarys: national and local policies, decentralization and self-determination, the unique 1838 split into two ridings, and the aftermath. Relay. ISSN 9,780,946,327,133th
  17. Jump up ^ “Local Government Act 2001 sec.10 (4) (a).” Irish Statute Book. Retrieved 22 October, 2013.
  18. Jump up ^ minister of environment, community and local government (15 October 2013). “Sec.10 (2) Limits for the merged communal areas”.Local Government Bill 2013 (initiated) (PDF). Dublin. Stationery Office ISBN 978-1-4468-0502-2. Hämtad17 October, 2013.
  19. Jump up ^ “Sliabh na mBan – Slievenamon”. Irishpage.com. Pulled 09/14/2012.
  20. Jump up ^ “Oideachas Trí Mheán na Gaeilge in Éirinn said Ghalltacht 2010-2011” (PDF) (in Irish). gaelscoileanna.ie. 2011. Retrieved 9 January 2012.

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