CategoryCounty Mayo

Castlebar

Castlebar (Irish: Caislean an Bharraigh , which means “Barry Castle”) is the county seat of County Mayo, Ireland. It is in the middle of the county and its largest city by population.

A campus of Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology and country life part of the National Museum of Ireland are two important local amenities. The city is linked by rail to Dublin, Westport and Ballina. The main road on the road is the N5. The city is surrounded by several villages, including Ballintubber. Its economy is primarily service-based. Continue reading

The Museum of Country Life

The Museum of Country Life is located in Turlough Village, 8 km (5.0 mi) northeast of Castlebar, County Mayo in Ireland. Founded in 2001, the museum is part of the National Museum of Irelandoch is the only national museum outside of Dublin. [2] The museum exhibits the lifestyle of rural Irish people between 1850 and 1950, and it is in the grounds of Turlough Park House. There are displays about the home, the natural environment, trade and craft, communities, and works on land and water. Continue reading

Lough Mask

Lough Mask (Irish: Loch Measca ) is a limestone lough (lake) of 20,500 acres (83 km²) in County Mayo, Ireland, north of Lough Corrib. Lough Mask is in the middle of the three lakes, which flow into the Corrib River, through Galway, Galway Bay. Carra flows into Lough Mask, which feeds into Lough Corrib through an underground stream that becomes the River Cong .Lough Mask is the sixth largest lake by area, in Ireland. [1] The eastern half of the Lough Mask is shallow and contains many islands . The other half (Upper Lough Mask) is much deeper, drops to a long ditch with depths exceeding 50 meters. [2] Lough Mask has an average depth of 15m and a maximum depth of 58. [3] The water volume of 1.3 km 3 [4] is only surpassed by the Lough Neagh is 3.5 km 3 in Ireland and it is the largest lake by volume of water in Ireland. [5]

The lake is popular for its trout fishing. The World Cup Trout Fly Fishing Championship takes place annually on Lough Mask Cushlough Bay near Ballinrobe. [6]

In 1338, Sir Edmond de Burgh was drowned in the lake with his cousin Sir Edmond Albannach Bourke County Mayo, in the late Burke civil war from 1333 to 1338. He was captured and taken to påBallinrobe Oilean-a-lara (Earls Island) where he was killed.

Under a side note on the manuscript contains the oldest copy of “Tóruigheacht Dhiarmada agus Ghráinne” ( “The Pursuit of Diarmuid and Gráinne ‘) (Royal Irish Academy Ms. 24.P.9), Irish scribe Dáibhídh Bacach (” lame David “) Ó Duibhgeannáin lived and worked on Oilean Ruadh ( “Red Island”) on Lough Mask in house Tadhg Og O Flaherty in the day, april 1, 1651.

The Lough was the scene of 1882 “Lough Mask Murder”, when two bailiffs working for Lord Ardilaun killed, described as “an old man and a boy.” [7]Tensions had occurred in the area during the land wars and the proximity of land managed Charles Boycott. The corpses were found in the lough itself.The controversial lack of credible witnesses led to four well-publicized trials of the accused in 1882-1883.

According to local legend, a banshee haunting Lead Island, a small island in Lough. It has also been rumored sightings of a banshee around the shores of Lough and other forms of paranormal activity.

Petersburg Outdoor Education Center is located on the shores of Lough near Lead Island. The center uses the lake for many water sports including kayaking, canoeing and sailing.

“Loch Measca” was taken as alias Sean Seoighe (John Joyce) in Eachtra múinteóra an Irish language memoir published in 1929.

See also

  • List of Loughs in Ireland

References

  1. Jump up ^ List of Loughs in Ireland
  2. Jump up ^ The Bathymetry and origin of the larger lakes in Ireland Author (s): JK Charlesworth
  3. Jump up ^ County Council Toormakeady sewage Page 8 [1]
  4. Jump up ^ County Council for URMAKEADY sewage Page 12 [2]
  5. Jump up ^ List of Loughs in Ireland
  6. Jump up ^ http://www.worldcuptroutfly.com
  7. Jump up ^ annual summaries, The Times, 1882, pp. 182-186

Croagh Patrick

Croagh Patrick (Irish: Cruach Phádraig , meaning “(S) Patrick Stack”), [1]nicknamed the Reek , [2] is a 764 meters (2,507 ft) mountain and an important place of pilgrimage in County Mayo iIrland. It is 8 km (5 miles) from Westport, above the villages of Murrisk and Lecanvey. It is the third highest mountain in County Mayo after Mweelrea and Nephin. It increased by pilgrims on Reek Sunday every year, which is the last Sunday in July. It forms the southern part of a U-shaped valley created by a glacier flowing into Clew Bay in the last Ice Age .Croagh Patrick is part of a long east-west ridge;the westernmost peak called Ben Gorm.

Name

Croagh Patrick comes from the Irish Cruach Phádraig sense “(S) Patrick stack”. It is known locally as “Reek”, an Irish English word for “rick” or “stack”.[3] In pagan times it was known as Cruachan Aigle , referred to by that name in the sources Cath Maige Tuired , [4] Buile Shuibhne , [5] meters Dindshenchas, [6] and the Annals of Ulster record for the year 1113. [7] Cruachan is simply a diminutive of Cruach “stack”, but it is not certain what Aigle funds. It is either from the Latin loan aquila “eagle” (usually aicile or acaile ) [8] or a person’s name. [6] [9] In addition to its literal meaning, Cruach in the pagan name may also be related to Crom Cruach.

The Marquess of Sligo, whose headquarters is located near Westport House, carries the titles Baron Mount Eagle and the Earl of Altamont, both derived from the alternative name ( Cruachan Aigle , high-mount ). For Croagh Patrick [10]

Pilgrimage

Main article: Reek Sunday

Croagh Patrick has sense been a place of pagan pilgrimage, especially for the summer solstice, since 3000 BC [11] It is now a place of Christian pilgrimage associated co aint Patrick fasted on top forty days in the fifth century AD [12]Thousands of people climb the mountain every Reek Sunday, which is the last Sunday of juli.Klättringen led by the Archbishop of Tuam each year. But the amount of visitors -estimated at 40,000 per year -and resulting erosion has caused concern for the safety of both the Catholic Church and local farmers who undertake safety measures. Pilgrimage was canceled because of safety reasons in 2015. [13]

Summit chapel

From St. Patrick’s own time, there had been some kind of a small chapel on the top, [14] called “Team Phádraig”. an archaeological excavation in 1994 found the remains of a foundation at the top. In the 824 Archbishops of Armagh and Tuam disagree over who had jurisdiction. [15]

A small chapel was built on the top and dedicated July 20, 1905. During the pilgrimage July 31, 2005 a plaque commemorating its centennial presented by Michael Neary, the Archbishop of Tuam.

It was decided [ citation needed ] in 2005 to open the church every day during the summer, rather than just on holidays. Mass celebrated in the church on Reek Sunday and 15 August. It opens through information lines.

Gold detection

A seam of gold were discovered in the rock in the 1980s: overall grades of 14 grams of gold per tonne (0.45 oz gold per ton) for at least 12 quartz veins, which can produce 700,000 tons (770,000 tons) of ore – potentially over 300,000 troy oz of gold (worth over € 360). But because of local opposition from the Mayo environmental group led by Paddy Hopkins, the Mayo County Council decided not to allow mining. [16]

Gallery

  • Unobstructed mountain views from Westport
  • Notice at the base stations of the Catholic climbers, with the statue of Saint Patrick
  • The upper slopes of the mountain
  • Patrick Oratory at the summit
  • Patrick bed at the summit
  • Cairn near the top with views of Clew Bay and Mayo mountains
  • Chapel on top of Croagh Patrick

See also

  • List of mountains in Ireland

References

  1. Jump up ^ Croagh Patrick placental Database of Ireland. Pulled: 07/31/2013.
  2. Jump up ^ Croagh Patrick, Taifid chartlainne (archive footage) placental Database of Ireland. Pulled: 07/31/2013.
  3. Jump up ^ New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary , the CD edition, 1997, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1973, 1993, 1996.
  4. Jump up ^ CELT: The second battle of Moytura (Translation) – Irish
  5. Jump up ^ CELT: Buile Shuibhne (Translation) – Irish (Cruachan Oighle)
  6. ^ Jump up to: ab CELT: Dindshenchas meters, 88 Cruachan Aigle (Translation) – Irish
  7. Jump up ^ CELT: Annals of Ulster in 1113 (translation) – Irish
  8. Jump up ^ Registration for aicil of Edil
  9. Jump up ^ Old Irish-L: Cruachan Aigle July 31, 2002
  10. Jump up ^ George Edward Cokayne oath. Vicary Gibbs, The Complete Peerage , Volume I (1910) p. 113th
  11. Jump up ^ historical interest Teach na Miasa. Pulled: 07/31/2013.
  12. Jump up ^ “In imitation of the great Jewish legislator on Sinai, he spent forty days on its summit in fasting and prayer, and other penitential exercises.” Catholic Encyclopedia
  13. Jump up ^ Kieran Cooke (11 October 2015). “The sacred mountain that has become too popular.” BBC news. Retrieved eleven October 2015.
  14. Jump up ^ McDonald, Michael. “Croagh Patrick.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. February 21, 2014
  15. Jump up ^ Haggerty, Bridget. “He came to scoff – but stayed to Pray”, Irish culture and customs
  16. Jump up ^ “Obituary Paddy Hopkins.” Mayo News. July 30, 2013.Retrieved 10 September, 2013.

Cong, County Mayo

Cong (Irish: Conga , from Cúnga Fheichín means “Saint Feichin’s narrows”) is a village cross borders County Galway and County Mayo, Ireland. Cong is situated on an island formed by a number of streams that surround it on all sides. Cong located on the isthmus that connects the Loughs Corrib and Mask, near the cities of Headford and Ballinrobe and byarnaClonbur, The Neale and Cross.

Cong is known for its underground streams that connects Lough Corrib Lough Mask to the north. [1] It was also the home of Sir William Wilde, historian and father of prominent playwright, novelist, poet and short story writer Oscar Wilde.

Cong is home to Ashford Castle, a luxury hotel, converted from a Victorian faux Lake Castle, built by the Guinness familjen.Ashford Castle is a tourist attraction in its own right. Cong also has a ruined medieval abbey, Cong Abbey, where Rory O’Connor, the last högkung, spent his last years. [2] It is also the origin of a piece of Celtic art in the form of a metal cross shrine called Cross Cong. The “Cross Cong” now held in the National Museum of Ireland, Dublin. There is a High Cross in the village.

The 1111 Synod Ráth Breasail included Cong (Cunga Feichin) among the five pins that have been approved for Connacht, but in 1152 the Synod of Kells excluded it from their list and assigned to what would be the territory of the Archdiocese of Tuam. [3] [ 4] No longer a residential bishop is Cunga Feichin today indicated by the Catholic Church as an ordinary look. [5]

Cong Canal, built over five years by Benjamin Guinness in the 1850s, was a failure. Although it was only three miles long it could not hold water, buried in the porous limestone. The intention was to go Loughs Corrib and Mask and create a secure transport link from Sligo to Galway, avoiding the need to cross the west coast of Ireland. Now it is commonly known as “Dry Canal”;the water level can vary between zero inches and 12 feet, depending on the time of year (summer, dry winter full). and is three miles in length. Built heritage features of the channel remains. [6] [7]

Cong was recording the location of John Ford’s 1952 Oscar -winning film, The Quiet Man , [8] with John Wayne, Maureen O’Hara and Barry Fitzgerald. A large part of the film was shot because of Ashford Castle. The city and the castle area remains little changed since 1952, and Cong connection with the film to make it a tourist attraction. (The film is still celebrated by local “Quiet Man Fan Club”). [9]

Catholic record for Cong not begin until 1870. The Church of Ireland records from the 18th and 19th centuries have survived and are held at the South Mayo Family Research Centre nearby Ballinrobe.

annalistic references

From the Annals of the Four Masters:

  • M1184.12. Donnell O’Flanagan, Lord of Clann-Cahill, died on the conga-Feichin Cong.

See also

  • List of towns and villages in Ireland

Gallery of images

  • Autumn Leaves at Ashford Castle
  • The exterior of the old Abbey
  • Locks on the Dry Canal
  • Monk Fish House

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Geological Survey of Ireland.” Retrieved 23 March 2015.
  2. Jump up ^ Webb, Alfred (1878). A Compendium of Irish Biography.Dublin: MH Gill and Son.
  3. Jump up ^ Michael John Brenan, The Ecclesiastical History of Ireland , Dublin 1864, pp. 120-121, 250
  4. Jump up ^ John Healy, “Tuam” in the Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1912)
  5. Jump up ^ annuario pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 877
  6. Jump up ^ Brief history of the Cong Canal
  7. Jump up ^ Hugh McKnight (1987). Shell’s book waterways. David & Charles. p. 31. ISBN 0-7153-8239-X.
  8. Jump up ^ Cong in County Mayo Site
  9. Jump up ^ “The Quiet Man Cong”. Member of Travel Ireland Network.In 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2015.

Ashford Castle

Ashford Castle is a medieval castle that has expanded over the centuries and turned into a five-star luxury hotel near Cong on the Mayo – Galway border on the beach avLough Corrib in Ireland. It is a member of the Leading Hotels of the World organization and was previously owned by the Guinness family.

The early history

A castle was built on the edge of a monastic site in 1228 by the Anglo-Norman House of Burke. [1]

After more than three and a half centuries in Burgos, whose surname became Burke or Bourke, Ashford passed into the hands of a new champion, after a fierce battle between the forces of Burgos and the English official Sir Richard Bingham, Lord President of Connaught when a ceasefire was agreed.In 1589 the castle fell to Bingham, who added a fortified enclave within its range. [ Citation needed ]

Dominick Browne, of Browne Family (Baron Oranmore) got the farm in a Royal Grant either 1670 or 1678. [2] In 1715, the estate of Ashford established by the Browne family and a hunting lodge in the style of a 17th century French chateau was constructed. The double-headed eagles still visible on the roof represents the arms of Browne. [1]

In the late 18th century a branch of the family inhabited the castle. In the early 19th century, a Thomas Elwood was an agent of Brownes at Ashford and registered as living there in 1814. [3]

Victorian conversion

The estate was bought in 1852 by Sir Benjamin Lee Guinness from congested Estates’ Court. [4] He added two large Victorian-style extensions. [1] He also expanded the farm to 26,000 acres (110 km 2 ), built new roads and planted thousands of trees. The castle was designed for Sir William Wilde book on County Galway. [5] On Benjamin’s death in 1868, the estate passed to his son, Lord Ardilaun, which expanded further building in the Gothic Revival style.[4]

Lord Ardilaun was an avid gardener who oversaw the development of the massive woodlands and rebuilt the entire west wing of the palace, designed by architects James Franklin Fuller and George Ashlin. The new design connected the early 18th century in the east part of the two-Burgo-time tower in the west. Pinnacles added to the whole castle. [1]

He also subsidized the operation of several steamboats, the most notable of these was Lady Eglinton, who twisted between the villages of Upper Lough Corrib and Galway City region, opening the area to boost trade. In a time of agitation of the tenants in the Country war in the late 19th century, epitomized by the action of tenants at nearby Lough Mask House (home of Captain Charles Boycott), he is considered by many to be an “improvement” landlord. Some of his efforts failed, especially Cong Canal, also known as “Dry Canal”, which was built to link the Lough Mask and Lough Corrib, but was a failure, because of their inability to hold water. Despite such setbacks, love worn by him and his wife Olive, daughter of the 3rd Earl of Bantry, the castle and the estate was deep and is best symbolized by the fact that when he was knighted in 1880, he derives his title from the island of Ardilaun, which formed part of the estate on Lough Corrib. [ citation needed ]

Hotel

The castle passed to Ardilaun’s nephew Ernest Guinness. [ Citation needed ] It was gifted to the Irish government in 1939. [4]

Noel Huggard opened the courtyard of a hotel, which became famous for the provision of country pursuits such as fishing and shooting. Noel Huggard parents had been in the hotel business iWaterville, since 1910, and his grand daughters, Louise and Paula, run the Butler Arms Hotel there today. [ Citation needed ]

In 1951, director John Ford came to the West of Ireland to film The Quiet Man, starring John Wayne and Maureen O’Hara. The grounds of the castle, as well as nearby Cong, formed the backdrop for much of the plot of the movie.

In recent years, the castle has been used as a set of “French Court” in The CW’s hit medieval drama Reign . The castle and surrounding grounds a prominent place in the first three seasons of drama, with actors and film workers return year on year to film on the farm. [ Citation needed ]

In 1970 the castle was bought by John Mulcahy, who oversaw its complete restoration and expansion, doubling its size with the addition of a new wing in the early 1970s, to build a golf course and develop the grounds and gardens. In 1985, a group of Irish American investors, which included Chuck Feeney and Tony O’Reilly, bought Ashford. The castle was sold by these investors in 2007 for 50 million € to Galway-based property investor Gerry Barrett and his family. [6] While some of Barrett extensive property loans would be managed by the Irish National Asset Management Agency (NAMA), Ashford was financed by Bank of Scotland (Ireland), [7] which placed the property in bankruptcy in November 2011, [8] but the hotel continued as a going concern, run by Tifco Hotel Group, an Irish hotel management company. [9] in September 2012, it was voted the best resort in Ireland and the third best in Europe avCondé Nast Traveler. [9]

In October 2012, the hotel put up for sale and are valued at about 25 million €, the hotel is half of what Barrett paid in 2007. Currently 83 bedrooms, including six suites. Barrett’s plan to add another 13 penthouse bedrooms and 30 lodges in the castle grounds have not gone through. [9] In May 2013, people were the hotel was bought by Red Carnation Hotels, a group that owns several other boutique hotels, for € 20 million, the new the owner is planning a major refurbishment and the sale is expected to retain about 160 jobs (high season, dropped to 120 during the low season) [10] on the property.According to the receiver, Ashford Castle was profitable even during the period of bankruptcy. [11] Niall Rochford long time manager of the property, has said that the staff accepted a 20% to 30% paycut to ensure the hotel’s survival. [10]

In January 2014 to the new owners acquired the neighboring Lisloughrey Lodge, with plans to add resort. Ashford Castle itself was scheduled to open March 14 after major renovation that began in early January. [12] [13]

Today, most of the guests come from the US (60 percent, 30 percent in Ireland, 10 per cent from elsewhere)., With Californians account for the largest share of [10]

The castle was reopened in April 2015 following a major refurbishment. All 820 windows were replaced, a new management team installed ceiling and its stone targeted. Approximately € 47m was spent on restoring the property. [14]

In its time the castle has hosted many famous guests, including: King George V and his consort Queen Mary, John Lennon, George Harrison, Oscar Wilde (whose father, Sir William Wilde had an estate adjacent to Ashford, where the author spent a lot of his childhood); President Ronald Reagan, Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, Senator Ted Kennedy, John Wayne, Brad Pitt, Pierce Brosnan, and Prince Rainier III of Monaco and his wife, Princess Grace.

2011 public road controversy

In September 2011, ordered Gerry Barrett of electric gates installed, and then shut down, blocking a centuries-old public right of way over a bridge near the castle. The road used daily by families living on the farm as well as locals.After a letter to the castle management asking for the right of way to re ignored, a group of 150 concerned locals and Ashford residents protesting against the blocking of the right way. The group was joined by local politicians and Éamon Ó CUÍV, TD [15] Barrett had previously tried to block the protest by charging a higher court injunction. [16]

Notes

  1. ^ Jump up to: abcd Ministry of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (2011). An Introduction to the Architectural Heritage of County Galway. pp. 100-101. ISBN 978-1-4064-2534-5.
  2. Jump up ^ “estates database: Browne (Castlemagarret)”. NUI Galway.Hämtad22 May 2013.
  3. Jump up ^ “estates database: Ashford Castle”. NUI Galway. Taken 22 maj2013.
  4. ^ Jump up to: abc “Landed estates database: Guinness”. NUI Galway.Hämtad22 May 2013.
  5. Jump up ^ “Moytura”. Galway.net.
  6. Jump up ^ Egan, Claire (2 October 2007). “New owners at Ashford Castle”. Mayo News.
  7. Jump up ^ “Can Nama hotel provides five-star treatment?”. Irish Times. February 26, 2010. Archived from the original December 4, 2010.
  8. Jump up ^ “Ashford Castle goes into voluntary bankruptcy”.Galwaynews.ie. 29 November 2011. Archived from the original August 29, 2012.
  9. ^ Jump up to: abc “Ashford Castle is on the market again.” Irish Times. On October 31, 2012. Archived from the original November 1, 2012.
  10. ^ Jump up to: abc . Boland, Rosita (8 June 2013) “Niall Rochford, head of Ashford Castle, Cong, Co Mayo.” Irish Times. Archived from the original 20 Oct, 2013. Retrieved 16 August, 2013.
  11. Jump up ^ Fagan, Jack (22 May 2013). “Ashford Castle Hotel Resort was sold for € 20m.” Irish Times. Archived from the original On 1 November, 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  12. Jump up ^ Hancock, Ciarán (25 January 2014). “Ashford Castle owner buys neighboring Lisloughrey Lodge”. Irish Times. Retrieved March 26, 2014.
  13. Jump up ^ Deegan, Gordon (13 March 2014). “Revamped Ashford Castle paid € 785,000 in fees.” Independent.ie. Retrieved March 26, 2014.
  14. Jump up ^ “Ashford Castle completes its journey from bankruptcy to luxury restoration” .Irish Independent. 14 April 2015. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  15. Jump up ^ “Ó CUÍV goes Ashford Castle protest”. The Irish Times.Archived from the original September 26, 2011.
  16. Jump up ^ “Ashford Castle secures injunction”. RTÉ.ie. 23 September 2011.

Achill Island

Achill Island (/ k æ əl /; Irish: Acaill, Oilean Acla ) in County Mayo is the largest island off Ireland, and is located off the west coast. It has a population of 2700. Its area is 148 km 2 (57 sq mi). Achill is connected to the mainland by Michael Davitt Bridge, between the villages of Gob an Choire (Achill Sound) and Poll Raithní (Polranny). A bridge first completed here in 1887, replaced by another structure in 1949, and then replaced by the current bridge was completed in 2008. Other population centers include the villages of Keel, Dooagh, Dumha EIGE (Dooega), Dun Ibhir (Dooniver), The Valley and Dugort. Assembly head Gaelic football pitch and two high schools are on the mainland at Poll Raithní. Early settlements believed to have been formed on Achill around 3000 BC. A paddle dating from this period were found at the Crannog close Dookinella. The island is 87% bog. Parish of Achill also includes Curraun peninsula .Some of the people in Curraun consider themselves Achill people, and most residents of Achill refer to this area as “Achill”. There are between 500-600 native Irish speakers in Achill parish.During the summer of 1996 the RNLI decided to station a lifeboat on Kildownet.

History

It is believed that at the end of the Neolithic period (around 4000 BC), Achill had a population of 500-1000 people. The island would have been mostly forest until Neolithic people börjadeodling of crops. The settlement grew during the Iron Age, and the proliferation of small promontory fort along the coast indicate warlike character of the times. Megalithic tombs (see picture to the right) and fortresses can be seen at Slievemore, along the Atlantic Drive and Achillbeg.

Over

Achill Island is located in the Barony of Burrishoole in the territory of the old Umhall (Umhall Uactarach and Umhall Ioctarach), which originally covered an area stretching from Galway / Mayo border to Achill Head.

Hereditary chiefs Umhall was O’Malley, recorded in the area 814 AD when they successfully repelled an attack by the Vikings in Clew Bay. The Anglo-Norman invasion avConnacht in 1235 AD saw Umhall territory taken over by Butler and later by Burgos. Butler Burrishoole domination continued in the late 14th century when Thomas le Botiller registered as being in possession of Akkyll & Owyll.

Immigration

In the 17th and 18th centuries it was much migration to Achill from other parts of Ireland, particularly Ulster, because of the political and religious turmoil of the time. For a while there were two different dialects of Irish spoken on Achill. This led to many townlands registered as having two names during the 1824 Ordnance Survey, and some maps today give different names to the same place. Achill Ireland still has many traces of Ulster Irish.

Specific historical places and events

Grace O’Malley castle

Grace O’Malley’s Kildamhnait Castle is a 15th-century tower house in connection with the O’Malley Clan, which was once a ruling family of Achill.Grace O ‘Malley, or Granuaile, the most famous of the O’Malleys, was born on Clare Island around 1530. [ citation needed ] Her father was chief of the Barony of Murrisk. The O’Malley was a powerful shipping family, which are traded in a great extent. Grace was a fearless leader and became known as a sea captain and pirate. She is said to have met with Queen Elizabeth I in 1593. She died about 1603 and is buried in the O’Malley family tomb on Clare Island.

Achill Mission

One of Achill most famous historical sites, the Achill Mission or “colony” in Dugort. In 1831, the Church of Ireland minister Edward Nangle founded a missionary assignment in Dugort.Uppdraget included schools, homes, an orphanage, a medical center and a guest house. The colony was very successful for a time and produced a regular Journal called Achill Herald and western witness . Nangle extended its mission in Mweelin, where a school was built. Achill Mission began to decline slowly after Nangle moved from Achill and finally closed in 1880 talet.Nangle died 1883rd

Railway

1894 Westport – Newport railway line was extended to Achill Sound. The railway station is now a hostel. The train provided a great service to Achill, but it also fulfilled an old profetia.Brian Rua O ‘Cearbhain had prophesied that “chariots of iron wheels” would carry the bodies in Achill on their first and last trip. In 1894, the first train on Achill railway through the bodies of the victims of the Clew Bay Drowning. This tragedy occurred when a boat overturned in Clew Bay, drowning thirty youngsters. They had gone to meet the steamship that would take them to Scotland for potato picking.

Kirkintilloch Fire

The Kirkintilloch Fire in 1937 fulfilled the second part of the prophecy, when the bodies of ten victims were carried by rail to Achill. These people had died in a fire in a bothy in Kirkintilloch. This term refers to temporary housing for those who went to Scotland to pick potatoes, a walking pattern which was established in the early nineteenth century.

Kildamhnait

Kildamhnait on the southeast coast of Achill is named after St. Damhnait or Dymphna, who founded a church there in the 16th century. There is also a holy well just outside the cemetery. The present church was built in the 1700s and the cemetery contains memorials to the victims of two of Achill greatest tragedies, the Kirchintilloch Fire (1937) and Clew Bay Drowning (1894).

Monastery

In 1852, Dr. John MacHale, Archbishop of Tuam aside in Bunnacurry for the construction of a monastery. A Franciscan monastery was built for many years provided an education for local barn.Ruinerna of this monastery are still seen in Bunnacurry today.

The Valley House

The historic Valley House is located in The Valley, close to Dugort in the north-eastern part of Achill Island. The current building sits on the site of a hunting lodge built by the Earl of Cavan in the 19th century. Its fame stems from an incident in 1894 in which the then owner, an English hostess named Agnes McDonnell, was brutally beaten and the house on fire, allegedly by a local man, James Lynchehaun. Lynchehaun had been employed by McDonnell as her country agent, but the two fell out and he was fired and told to quit their accommodation on her property. A long legal battle ensued, with Lynchehaun refuses to leave. At that time, in the 1890s, the issue of land ownership in Ireland politically charged, and after the events at Valley House in 1894 Lynchehaun was to argue that his actions were motivated by politics. He escaped custody and fled to the United States, where he successfully defeated legal attempt by the British authorities to have him extradited to be prosecuted as a result of the attack and burning of the Valley House. Agnes McDonnell suffered terrible injuries from the attack but survived and lived for another 23 years, dying in 1923. Lynchehaun said to have returned to Achill on two occasions, once in disguise as an American tourist, and eventually died in Girvan, Scotland, in 1937 . the Valley House is now a hostel and bar.

The abandoned village

Near Dugort, at the foot of Slievemore Mountain is the abandoned village.There are some 80 destroyed houses in the village.

The houses were built of stone unmortared, which means that no cement or mortar used to hold the stones together. Each house consisted of only one room and this room was used as a kitchen, living room, bedroom and even stable.

If you look at the fields around the abandoned village and right up the mountain, you can see the tracks in the “lazy beds”, which is the way crops like potatoes grown. In Achill, as in many areas of Ireland, a system called “Rundale” used for agriculture. This meant that the land around the village was rented from a landlord. This land is then shared by all the villagers to graze their cattle and sheep. Each family would then have two or three small pieces of land scattered about the village, which they used to grow crops.

For many years people lived in the village and then in 1845 famine struck in Achill as it did in the rest of Ireland. Most of the families moved to the nearby village of Dooagh, located by the sea, while others emigrated. Living by the sea meant that seafood can be used for food. The village was completely deserted and that is where the name “Deserted Village” came from.

No one has lived in this house since the time of famine, but the families who moved to Dooagh and their descendants continued to use the village as a “Booley village”. This means that during the summer season, would the younger members of the family, teenage boys and girls, to take the cattle graze on the hillside, and they would stay in the houses in the abandoned village. This practice continued until the 1940s. Boolying was also performed in other parts of Achill, including Annagh on Croaghaun mountains and in Curraun.

On Ailt, Kildownet you can see the remains of a similar fate by. This village was in 1855 when the tenants were evicted by the local landlord so that land can be used for grazing cattle, the tenants were forced to lease holdings in Currane, Dooega and Slievemore. Others emigrated to America.

Archaeology

Achill Archaeological Field School is based on Achill Archaeology Centre in Dooagh, which has served as a catalyst for a wide range of archaeological research on the island. It was founded in 1991 and is a school for students in archeology and anthropology. Since 1991, several thousand students from 21 countries come to Achill to study and participate in the ongoing excavations. The school is involved in a study of prehistoric and historic landscapes of Slievemore, which contains a research excavations at a number of places in the deserted village of Slievemore. Slievemore is rich in archaeological monuments spanning the period from 5000 years from the Neolithic to the post medieval. [2] Recent archaeological research suggests the village was occupied year at least as early as the 19th century, but it is known to have served as a seasonal occupation Booley village of the first half of the 20th century. A Booley village (a number which is in a ruined state on the island) is a village occupied only during part of the year, such as a resort community, a lakeside community, or (where appropriate on Achill) a place to live while tend flocks or herds of ruminants during winter or summer grazing. [3] Specifically, some of the people in Dooagh and Pollagh would migrate in summer to Slievemore and then go back to Dooagh fall. In summer 2009 field school excavated Roundhouse 2 on Slievemore Mountain under the direction of archaeologist Stuart Rathbone. Only outside the north wall, the entrance way and the inside of the round house was completely excavated. [4]

From 2004 to 2006 Achill Island Marine Archaeology Project, directed by Chuck Meide was sponsored by the College of William and Mary, the Institute of Maritime, Achill Folklife Centre (now Achill Archaeology Centre), and the Lighthouse Archaeological Maritime Program (LAMP). This project focused on the documentation of archaeological resources related to Achill’s rich maritime heritage. Maritime archaeologists recorded 19th century fishing village, ice house and boathouse ruins, a number of anchors that had been salvaged from the sea, 19’s and later Currach pens, a number of traditional vernacular watercraft including a possible 100-year-old Achill yawl, and the remains of four historic shipwrecks . [5] [6]

Other points of interest

Despite some progress, the island retains a striking natural beauty. The cliffs of Croaghaun on the western part of the island is the third highest sea cliffs in Europe, but are inaccessible by road. Near the westernmost point of Achill, Achill Head, is Keem Bay. Keel Beach is quite popular among tourists and some locals as a surfing spot. South of Keem Beach ärMoytoge Head, with its rounded appearance drops dramatically down to the sea. An old British observation post, built during the First World War to prevent the Germans from unloading arms to the Irish Republican Army, is still on Moytoge. During World War II this post built by the Irish Defence Forces Look Out Post for Coast Watch service wing of the armed forces. It worked from 1939 to 1945. [7]

The mountain Slievemore (672 m) rises dramatically in the northern part of the island and the Atlantic Drive (along the south / west of the island), some dramatically beautiful views. On the slopes of Slievemore, is an abandoned village (the “Deserted Village”) the abandoned village is traditionally believed to be a relic from a village Gorta Mór (The Great Hunger of 1845-1849).

Just west of the abandoned village is an old Martello tower, again built by the British to warn of a possible French invasion during the Napoleonic Wars.The area also has about 5000 years old Neolithic tomb.

Achillbeg ( Acaill Beag , Little Achill ) is a small island just off the southern tip of Achill. Its inhabitants were relocated on Achill in the 1960s. [8] A plaque to Johnny Kilbane is on Achillbeg and was erected to celebrate 100 years since his first championship win. [9]

The villages Dooniver and Askill has very picturesque landscapes and the bike path is popular with tourists.

Caislean Ghráinne, also known as Kildownet castle, is a small tower house built in the early 1400s. [10] It is in Cloughmore, in the south of Achill Island.It is known for its associations with Grace O’Malley, along with greater Rockfleet castle in Newport.

Achill Island also has a coastal road along the southern part of the island with some beautiful views cliff.

Economy

While a number of attempts to establish small industrial units in the island has been made, the economy of the island is largely dependent on tourism.Subsidies from Achill people working abroad, especially in the UK, US and Africa leads many families to stay in Achill during the 19th and 20th centuries. [ Citation needed ] Since the advent of Ireland’s “Celtic Tiger” economy less Achill people were forced seek work abroad. agriculture plays a minor role and the fact that the island is mostly bog means that its potential for agriculture is limited largely sheep farming. In the past, fishing was a significant activity, but this aspect of the economy is small now. At one time the island was known for its shark fishing, basking in particular was fished for its valuable liver oil. There was a big spurt of growth in tourism in the 1960s and 1970s before the life was hard and difficult on the island. Despite the healthy visitor numbers per year, is the common perception that tourism in Achill has slowly declined since its heyday. Currently the largest employers on Achill are two hotels. [11] In late 2009, Ireland’s only Turbot farm opens in Bunnacurry Business Park.

Religion

Most people on Achill are either Catholic or Anglican (Church of Ireland).There are three priests on Achill and eight churches [ clarification needed ] in total.

  • Catholic:
    • Bunnacurry Church (St. Joseph)
    • The Valley Church; Open only for certain events.
    • Dookinella Church
    • Currane Church
    • Pollagh Church
    • Derreens Church
    • Dooega Church
    • Belfarsed Church
    • Achill Sound Church
  • Church of Ireland:
    • Dugort Church (St. Thomas Church)
    • Innisbiggle Island church

Training

Hedge schools were in most villages in Achill in different periods of history.A university founded by the missions to Achill in Mweelin. In modern times, there used to be two high schools in Achill, Mc Hale College and Scoil Damhnait. But in August 2011, the two schools merged to form Pobail Coláiste Acla. For primary schools, there are nine national schools including Bull Dartmouth NS, NS Valley, Bunnacurry NS, Dookinella NS, Dooagh NS, Saulia NS, Achill Sound NS, Tonragee NS and NS Curanne. National schools closed include Dooega NS, NS Crumpaun, Ashleam NS.

Transport

  • Achill railway station was opened May 13, 1895, but finally closed on October 1, 1937. [12]
  • The Great Western Greenway is a greenway rail trail that follows the line of the former Midland Great Western Railway branch line from Westport to Achill through Newport and Mulranny. [13] It has proven to be very successful in attracting visitors Achill and the surrounding areas.
  • Bus Eireann 440 daily commute to Westport and then from the islands scattered villages.
  • Bus Eireann provides transport for those areas that secondary school children
  • There are many Taxicab and Hackney carriage services on the island

Cuisine

As a popular tourist destination Achill has many bars, cafes and restaurants offering a full range of food. But the island’s Atlantic City seafood is a specialty at Achill with common foods including lobster, mussels, salmon, trout and winkles. With a large sheep population Achill lamb a very popular meal on the island too. Moreover, Achill a large population of cows that produce excellent beef. [ Citation needed ]

Sports

Achill has a Gaelic football club competing in the championship and Division 1C Mayo League. There are also Achill Rovers who play in Mayo Association Football League. [14] and Achill Golf Club. [ Citation needed ] Card games, inklusiveWhist and 24 card game is also popular on Achill. [ Citation needed ] The island’s main leisure outdoor center Achill Outdoor Education Centre . [15] Achill Island barren landscape and the surrounding sea provides an ideal location for outdoor activities such as surfing, kite-surfing and sea kayaking. Fishing and water sports are popular among tourists and locals alike. Regattas featuring a local vessel, Achill Yawl, have been popular since the 19th century, although most of the current dinghies, unlike their traditional working boat ancestors, have been structurally modified to encourage increased speed under sail. The island’s waters and stunning underwater sites sometimes frequented by divers, but Achill unpredictable weather in general has prevented a commercially successful recreational diving industry.

Population

In 2011 the population was 2569. The island’s population has declined from about 6,000 before the Great Hunger.

Demography

The table below presents data on Achill Island population is taken from theDiscover Islands Ireland (Alex Ritsema, Collins Press, 1999), and the census of Ireland.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1841 4901
1851 4030 -17.8%
1901 4825 + 19.7%
1951 4906 + 1.7%
Year Pop. ±%
1996 2718 -44.6%
2002 2620 -3.6%
2006 2620 + 0.0%
2011 2569 -1.9%
Source: John Chambers. “Islands – Change in population 1841 – 2011”.Irishislands.info . Retrieved February 24, 2015.

Architecture

The “Deserted Village” at the foot of Slievemore was a Booley village;seTranshumance

The location of the village is relatively protected

The most famous of these earlier seen in “Deserted Village” Ruins near the cemetery at the foot of Slievemore. Even the houses of the village form a relatively comfortable class of residence, even as recently as a hundred years ago, some people still use “Beehive” style house (small circular single-roomed dwellings with a hole in the roof to let out smoke).

Many of the oldest and most picturesque inhabited cottages are from operations in the Congested District Board for Ireland -a body set up around the turn of the 20th century in Ireland to improve the welfare of the residents of small villages and towns. Most of the houses in Achill at the time was very small and tightly packed together in villages. CDB subsidized the construction of new, more spacious (but still small by modern standards) home outside the traditional villages.

Some of the recent building (1980 onwards) on the island fits so nicely into the landscape as the previous style whitewashed raised gable houses. Many homes have been built, but many of these houses have been built in prominent scenic areas and has damaged the traditional view of the island lying empty for most of the year.

Notable people

  • Charles Boycott (1832-1897) – unpopular landowner from whom the term boycott arose.
  • The artist Paul Henry stayed on the island for a number of years in the early 1900s.
  • Thomas Patten from Dooega died during the siege of Madrid in December 1936th
  • English writer Honor Tracy lived there until his death in 1989
  • Singer James Kilbane live on the island.

Literature

Heinrich Böll: Irisches Tagebuch , Berlin 1957
Kingston, Bob: the deserted village of Slievemore , Castlebar 1990
McDonald Theresa: Achill: 5000 BC to 1900 AD Archaeology History Folklore , IAS Publications [1992]
Meehan, Rose: The Story of Mayo , Castlebar 2003
Carney, James: Playboy & Yellow lady 1986 Poolbeg [16] Hugo Hamilton Island Talking, [17] in 2007, Kevin Barry: Beatlebone 2015

See also

  • Achillbeg
  • Achill oysters
  • Achill Sound
  • A skill
  • Bunnacurry
  • Connaught Irish
  • Darren Fletcher
  • Dooagh
  • Dooniver
  • gallowglass
  • Innisbiggle
  • James Kilbane
  • Kevin Kilbane
  • List of RNLI stations
  • Mid West Radio
  • Nevin (surname)
  • Saula
  • Wild Atlantic Way

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Island Change in population, 1841 – 2011”. 28 January 2013.
  2. Jump up ^ “Achill Archaeological Field School 2009”. Achill Archaeological Field School . Archived from the original The 28 February 2009. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  3. Jump up ^ deserted village, Slievemore, Achill Island , achill247.com Retrieved February 17, 2008.
  4. Jump up ^ Amanda Burt, a member of Achill Field School, summer 2009.
  5. Jump up ^ “Achill Island Marine Archaeology Project | Institute of Maritime History “. Maritimehistory.org. February 20, 2012. Hämtat20 March 2012.
  6. Jump up ^ “Meide, Chuck and Kathryn Sikes (2014) Manipulating Maritime Cultural Landscape: Vernacular Boats and economic relations in the nineteenth century Achill Island, Ireland Maritime Journal 9 (1).115-141 “. 18 June 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  7. Jump up ^ See Michael Kennedy, “Protection Neutral Ireland (Dublin, 2008), p. 50
  8. Jump up ^ Jonathan Beaumont (2005), Achillbeg: The Life of an island , ISBN 0-85361-631-0
  9. Jump up ^ “Login to Facebook – Facebook.” Facebook .
  10. Jump up ^ “Irish Castles Grace O’Malley.” Www.mythandlegends.net .Pulled 06/13/2016.
  11. Jump up ^ “Achill Island (Co. Mayo)”. Irelandbyways.com. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  12. Jump up ^ “Achill station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways . Archive (PDF) from the original September 26, 2007 is taken. Eight September of 2007.
  13. Jump up ^ “Home.” Great Western Greenway . Retrieved ten August 2011.
  14. Jump up ^ FAI Club Portal for Achill Rovers
  15. Jump up ^ Dave Jordan. “Achill Outdoor”.
  16. Jump up ^ James Carney. “The Playboy & yellow lady”. Open Library.Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  17. Jump up ^ island Talking Hugo Hamilton in the footsteps of Heinrich Böll, 50 years after

County Mayo

County Mayo  (Irish:  Contae Mhaigh Eo  , which means “plain of the yew”) is a municipality in Ireland. In the west of Ireland, is part of the province of Connacht, and is named after the village of Mayo, now widely known as the Mayo Abbey. Mayo County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county was 130,638 at the census of 2011.  [1]  The limits of the county, which was established in 1585, reflecting the Mac William Íochtar domination at the time.

Geography

Glengad Circle, Kilcommon, Erris

It is bounded to the north and west by the Atlantic Ocean; in the south of County Galway; east of Roscommon; and north of County Sligo. Mayo is the third largest of Ireland’s 32 counties in area and 15th largest in terms of population.  [2]  It is the second largest of Connacht’s five counties in both size and population. There is a clear geological difference between the western and the eastern part of the county. The West consists largely of poor elves and is covered with large parts of the extensive Atlantic blanket bog, while the east is largely a limestone landskap.Jordbruksmark is more productive in the East than in the West.

  • The highest point in Mayo (and Connacht) ärMweelrea, at 814 m (2,671 ft)
  • Denfloden Moy in the northeast part of the county is known for its salmon fishing
  • Ireland’s largest island, Achill Island, located off the west coast of Mayo
  • Mayo, Ireland’s highest cliffs vidCroaghaun, Achill Island,  [3]  while Benwee Head Cliffs in Kilcommon Erris drop (270 m) almost perpendicularly 900 feet into the Atlantic Ocean.  [4]  )
  • The northwestern areas of County Mayo has some of the best renewable energy in Europe, if not the world, in terms of wind resources, wave, tidal and hydropower [5] [6] [7]

Local authorities and political subdivisions 

Mweelrea

County Council (Irish:  Comhairle Contae Mhaigh Eo  ) is the authority responsible for the municipalities. As a council, it is regulated by the Local Government Act 2001. The county is divided into four municipal areas of Castlebar, Ballina, Clare and the West (an area stretching from Westport to Belmullet). The Council is responsible for housing and community, roads and transport, urban planning and development, parks and culture, and environment. For local elections the county is divided into the four municipal districts, replacing the previous sexlokala choice areas: Ballina (6), Belmullet (4), Castlebar (7), Clare (6), Swinford (4) and Westport (4) .  [8] the county town is  Aras an Contae  in Castlebar main population center is located in the center of the county. For national elections half of Clare municipality is in Galway West and extends from Ashford Castle Ireland West Airport.

The municipality populations are:

  • Ballina 32979
  • castlebar 34000
  • Clare 32469
  • West Mayo 31190

Near Roonagh Quay looking towards Croagh Patrick

There are nine historic baronies, four in the north and five in the southern part of the county:

North Mayo

  • Erris (northwest containing Belmullet, Gweesalia, Bangor Erris, Kilcommon, Ballycroy)
  • Burrishoole (west Mayo containing Achill, Mulranny and Newport, County Mayo)
  • Gallen (East Mayo containing Bonniconlon, Foxford)
  • Tyrawley (northeastern containing Ballina, Ballycastle, Killala)

south Mayo

  • Clan Morris (Southeast – Clare and Balla)
  • Costello (East South East contains Kilkelly Ballyhaunis), etc ..
  • Murrisksydväst containing Port, Louisburgh, Croagh Patrick)
  • Kilmaine (south-containing Ballinrobe, Cong)
  • Carra (south-containing Castlebar, Partry)

The largest towns in County Mayo (2011 Census) 

  1. Castlebar, 12318
  2. Ballina, 11 086
  3. Westport, 6063
  4. Clare, 3979
  5. Ballinrobe3682

Towns and Villages 

Castlebar and Ballina are the two most populous cities in the county, 12,318 in Castlebar is located in the center of the county and 10.361 (11,086 including the environment) in Ballina is located at the northeast corner of the county. These are followed by Westport, which has 5,543 inhabitants and Clare, with a population of 3412 in the 2011 census returns.  [9]

  • Achill Island
  • Attymass
  • Balla
  • Ballindine
  • Ballinrobe
  • Ballintubber
  • Bally
  • Ballycroy
  • Ballyhaunis
  • Ballyglass
  • Ballyvary
  • Bangor Erris
  • Belcarra
  • Belmullet
  • Bohola
  • Bonniconlon
  • Breaffy
  • Carnacon
  • Carracastle
  • Carrowteige
  • Charlestown
  • Cong
  • Corroy
  • Crossmolina
  • Derrew
  • Faulagh
  • Foxford
  • Glengad
  • Glenamoy
  • Gweesalia
  • Inisbiggle
  • Islandeady
  • Irishtown
  • Charcoal
  • Kilkelly
  • Killala
  • Kilmaine
  • Kiltimagh
  • Knock More
  • Knock on
  • Louisburgh
  • Mayo Abbey
  • Mulranny
  • Newport
  • Rossport
  • Shrule
  • Swinford
  • Tourmakeady
  • Turlough

Flora and fauna 

A survey of the land and freshwater algae Clare Island was made between 1990 and 2005 and published in 2007. A list of  Gunnera tinctoria  is also noted.  [10]

Consultants working for the Corrib gas project has conducted extensive surveys of wild flora and fauna in Kilcommon Parish, Erris between 2002 and 2009. This information is published in the Corrib Gas Draft Environmental Impact Assessments in 2009 and 2010.  [11]

History

Prehistory 

County Mayo has a long history and prehistory.  [12]  throughout the county, there is a wealth of archaeological remains from the Neolithic period (about 4,000BC to 2,500BC), especially when it comes megalithic tombs and ritual stone circles.

Megalithic at Faulagh, Erris

The first people who came to Ireland – mainly coastal areas as the interior was heavily forest – arrived during the Middle Stone Age, as long as eleven thousand years ago.  [12] The object of hunter / gatherers sometimes found in middens, garbage pits around the hearths where people would have rested and cooked over the large fireplaces. As rocks erode, Midden-remain the victim as blackened areas containing charred stones, bones and shells. They are usually a meter below the surface. Mesolithic people do not have great rituals associated with funerals, unlike the Neolithic (New Stone Age) period.  [13]

Ceide Fields

The Neolithic period followed Mesolithic about 6000 years ago. People began to cultivate the land, domesticate animals for food and milk, and settle in one place for long periods. The people had the skills to make pottery, build houses of wood, weaving, and knapping (stone tools work). The first farmers cleared forest to graze cattle and grow crops. In North Mayo, where ground cover was flimsy, thin soils washed away and blanket bog covered the land is used by neolithic peoples.

Extensive pre-bog field systems have been discovered under the blanket bog, especially along the north Mayo coast of Erris and northern Tyrawley in places Ceide Fields, centered on the northeastern coast.

The Neolithic people developed rituals associated with burying their dead;that’s why they built large, complex, galleried stone tombs of their dead leader, known today as the megalithic tombs. There are over 160 registered megaliths in County Mayo, such Faulagh.

megalithic tombs 

There are four different types of Irish megalithic Type– court tombs, portal tombs, passage tombs and wedge tombs -examples of all four types can be found in County Mayo.  [14] Areas particularly rich in megalithic tombs include Achill, Kilcommon, Ballyhaunis, Killala and Behy / Glenurla area around Ceide Fields.

The Bronze Age (2500 BC to about 500 BC) 

Megalithic tomb building continued into the Bronze Age, when the metal began working tools alongside stone tools. The Bronze Age lasted from about 4,500 years ago to 2,500 years ago (2,500BC to 500BC). Archaeological remains from this period include stone specializations, stone circles and fulachta fiadh (early cooking sites). They continued to bury their chiefs in megalithic tombs that changed the design during this period, more fuss wedge tomb type and casket funerals.

The Iron Age (500 BC to 500 AD approximately) 

Approximately 2,500 years ago the Iron Age took over from the Bronze Age, as more and more metal took place. This is thought to have coincided with the arrival of the Celtic-speaking peoples and the introduction of the Irish ancestor. Towards the end of this period, the Roman Empire was at its height in the UK but it is not thought that the Roman Empire extended to Ireland to any great extent. Remains from this period, which lasted until the early Christian period began about 325AD (with the arrival of St. Patrick to Ireland as a slave) includes Crannogs (Lake homes), promontory fort, ring forts and Souterrains of which there are many examples across the county. The Iron Age was a time of tribal warfare with king ships, each struggling neighboring kings, vying for control of areas and take slaves. Areas marked by high stone markers, Ogham stones, with the help of the first written word, using the Ogham alphabet .Järnålders is the period during which the stories of the Ulster Cycle and the stories took place. The Táin Bó Flidhais which occurred mainly in Erris sets the scene well.

Early Christian period (325 AD – 800 AD approximately) 

Statue of St. Patrick Aghagower

Christianity came to Ireland around the beginning of the 5th century. It took many changes, including the introduction of writing and recording events.Strain “tuatha” and the new religious settlements were side by side.Sometimes it suited chiefs to become part of the early churches, other times they remain as separate entities. Patrick (4th century AD) may have spent time in County Mayo and it is believed that he spent forty days and forty nights on Croagh Patrick pray for the people of Ireland. From the middle of the 6th century hundreds of small monastery settlements were established around the county.  [15]  Some examples of well-known early monastic sites in Mayo include Mayo Abbey, Aughagower, Ballintubber, Errew, Cong, Killala, Turlough on the outskirts Castlebar, and island settlements outside Mullet Peninsula and the islands Inishkea, Inishglora and Duvillaun.

In 795AD the first of the Viking raids took place. The Vikings came from Scandinavia to raid monasteries as they were places of wealth of precious metal processing takes place in them. Some of the major ecclesiastical settlements erected around the tower to prevent their valuable items looted and also to show their status and strength against these pagan raiders from the north. There are round towers on Aughagower, Balla, Killala, Turlough and Meelick. The Vikings established settlements that later evolved into cities (Dublin, Cork, Wexford, Waterford, etc ..) but no one was in County Mayo. Between the ages of Kings of Connacht, Cathal mac Conchobar mac Taidg (973-1010) and Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair (1106-1156), various tribal areas incorporated into the kingdom of Connacht and controlled by Siol Muirdaig dynasty, originally based on Rathcroghan in County Roscommon, and from c. 1050 at Tuam. The families of O’Malley and O’Dowd Mayo served as admirals of the fleet of Connacht, while families O’Lachtnan, Mac Fhirbhisigh, O’Cleary was ecclesiastical and bardic clans.

Anglo-Normans (12th to 16th centuries) 

From 1169 AD, when one of the warring kings (Dermot MacMurrough) in eastern Ireland appealed to the King of England for help in his fight with a neighboring king, the answer was the arrival of the Anglo-Norman colonization of Ireland. County Mayo came under Norman control in 1235AD. Norman control meant the eclipse of many Gaelic lords and chieftains, principally the O’Connors of Connacht.  [15]  During the 1230s, the Anglo-Normans and Welsh according to Richard Mór de Burgh (c. 1194-1242 invaded and settled in the county, introduce new families as Burke, Gibbons, Staunton, Prendergast, Morris, Joyce Walsh, Barrett, Lynott, Costello, Padden and price, Norman names are still common in County Mayo. After the collapse of domination in the 1330s, all these families became estranged from Anglo -irländska administration based in Dublin and is equivalent to the Gaelic-Irish, adopting their language, religion, dress, laws, customs and culture, and married for Irish families. they “became more Irish than the Irish themselves.”

The most powerful clan to emerge during this time was Mac William Burke, also known as Mac William Iochtar (see Burke Civil War 1333-1338), descended from Sir William Liath de Burgh, who defeated Gaelic-Irish at the Second Battle of Athenry in August 1316. they were often at war with their cousins, Clanricarde of Galway, and in alliance with or against different factions of O’Conor’s Siol Muiredaig and O’Kelly’s of Uí Maine. The O’Donnellär of Tyrconnell regularly invaded in an attempt to secure their right to rule.

Anglo Norman encouraged and established many religious orders from continental Europe to settle in Ireland. Mendicant orders-August, Carmelites, Dominicans and Franciscans started new settlements throughout Ireland, and built great churches, many under the patronage of prominent Gaelic families. Some of these sites include Cong, Strade, Ballintubber, Errew, Burrishoole Abbey and Mayo Abbey.  [16]  During the 15th and 16th centuries, despite periodic conflicts between them as England chopped and changed between the religious beliefs, the Irish usually considered the king of England as their king. When Elizabeth came to the throne in the mid 16th century, the English people, as was customary at the time, followed the religious practices of the reigning monarch and became Protestant. Many Irish Grainne O’Malley, had the famous pirate queen close relations with the British monarchy and the English kings and queens were welcome visitors to the Irish coast. The Irish, however, generally kept their Catholic religious practices and beliefs. The early crop of settlers in Ireland began in the Queen Mary in the middle of the 16th century and continued throughout the long reign of Queen Elizabeth I until 1603. When the term County Mayo  had come into use. In the summer of 1588 the galleons of the Spanish Armada was destroyed by storms along the west coast of Ireland.Some of the unfortunate Spaniards came ashore in Mayo, only to be robbed and imprisoned, and in many cases slaughtered. Almost all religious foundations established by the Anglo-Normans were suppressed in the wake of the Reformation in the 16th century.  [17]

Protestant settlers from Scotland, England, and elsewhere in Ireland, settled in the county in the early 17th century. Many were killed or forced to flee because of the 1641 Rebellion, during which a number of massacres committed avkatolska Gaelic Irish, especially on Shrule in 1642. One third of the total population reported to have died because of war, famine and plague between 1641 and 1653, with several areas remain disturbed and frequented avReparees to the 1670s.

17 and 18 centuries 

Gráinne O’Malley meeting Queen Elizabeth 1

Pirate Queen Gráinne O’Malley is probably the most famous person from County Mayo from the mid-16th to the early 17th century.  [18]  In the 1640s, when Oliver Cromwell overthrew the British monarchy and establish a parliamentary government, hit Ireland seriously. With a strict regimen of absolute control to pay their armies and friends, the need to pay them with grants of land in Ireland led to the “to hell or Connaught policy.  [19]  displaced native Irish families from other (east and south mostly) parts of the country either forced to leave the country, often as slaves, or (if they were well behaved and compliant with the order of the parliamentarians) distributed land “west of the Shannon” and postpone his own country in the east. The land to the west was split and divided between the more and more people as the large estates were granted on the best land in the east to those most pleased the English.  [20]  Mayo does not seem to be affected much during Williamite war in Ireland, although many natives were banned and exiled .

Nephin Mountain, County Mayo

For most people in County Mayo 18th century was a period of unrelieved misery. Because of the criminal laws, Catholics had no hope of social advancement, while they remained in their homeland. Some, like William Brown (1777-1857), left Foxford with his family at the age of nine and thirty years later, was an admiral in the burgeoning Argentine Navy. Today he is a national hero in the country.  [21]

The general unrest in Ireland felt as taut over Mayo and as the 18th century approached, and news reached Ireland of US frihetskrigetoch French revolution, the oppressed Irish, constantly suppressed by government policies and decisions from Dublin and London, began to gather for their own position against English rule in their country. By 1798 the Irish were ready for rebellion. The French came to help the Irish cause. General Humbert, from France landed in Killala with over 1000 officials where they began marching across the county to Castlebar, where there was an English garrison. Take them by surprise Humbert Army vann.Han established a “Republic of Connaught” with a Moore family from Moore Hall near Partry.Humbert’s army marched against Sligo, Leitrim and Longford where they suddenly faced a massive English army and forced to surrender in less than half an hour. The French soldiers were treated honor, but for the Irish handover meant slaughter. Many died on the scaffold in towns like Castlebar and Clare, where the high sheriff County Mayo, the Honourable Denis Browne, MP, brother of Lord Altamont, wreaked a terrible revenge – and thus earning himself the nickname that has survived in folk memory until today “Donnchadh a shout” (Denis ropes).

In the 18th century and early 19th century, sectarian tensions arose evangelical Protestant missionaries tried to “solve the Irish poor from the mistakes Popery”. One of the most famous was the pastor Edward Nangle behalf of Dugort Achill.  [22]  There were also the years of the campaign for Catholic Emancipation and later for the abolition of tithes, a predominantly Catholic population was forced to pay for the upkeep of the clergy of the established ( Protestant) church.

19th and 20th centuries 

During the first years of the 19th century, famine was a common occurrence, especially when population pressure was a problem. The population of Ireland grew to over eight million people before the Irish Famine of 1845-1847 The Irish people depended on the potato crop for their livelihood. The disaster occurred in August 1845 when a killer fungus (later diagnosed as Phytophthora infestans) began destroying the potato crop. When widespread famine struck killed about one million people and another million left the country. People died in the fields from starvation and disease.The disaster was particularly poor in County Mayo, where almost ninety percent of the population dependent on potatoes as their basföda.Av 1848, Mayo County was a total misery and despair, with any attempt to ease measures in complete disarray.  [23]

Michael Davitt

There are many reminders of the great famine seen at the Mayo landscape: Workhouse places, famine graves, places of soup kitchens, abandoned homes and villages and even traces of undug “lazy beds” in the field on the sides of mountains. Many roads and alleys were built as famine relief measures. There were nine workhouses in the county. Ballina, Ballinrobe, Belmullet, Castlebar, Clare, Killala, Newport, Swinford and Westport  [24]

The distribution of iriska1871. Mayo relative remoteness meant that Irish is still widely spoken decades after the Great Famine and is still spoken today in the northwestern part of the county

A poor little place called Knock, County Mayo, made headlines when it was announced that an apparition of the Virgin Mary, St. Joseph and St. John had taken place at the August 21, 1879 was witnessed by fifteen local people.  [25]

A national movement began in County Mayo in 1879 by Michael Davitt, James Daly and others, which led to the biggest social change ever seen in Ireland. Michael Davitt, a worker whose family had moved to England joined forces with Charles Stewart Parnell to win back the land for people from landlords and stop the eviction for nonpayment of rent.  [26]

A new word came into the English language by an incident that occurred in Mayo. An English landlord named Captain Charles Cunningham Boycott was able to get some workers to do something for him, as uncomfortable as he was to them, so he brought in Protestant workers from elsewhere. He spent so much on the security and protection for his harvest cost him a fortune, and although no one in the area would serve him in business, or deal with him. This ostracisation became known as the “boycott” and Captain Boycott was left with no choice but to leave Mayo and take his family with him to England.  [27]

“Land Question” gradually solved through a system of state-supported system for land purchases.  [28]  The tenants became owners of their countries during the recently set hinterland Commission.

A Mayo nun, Mother Agnes Morrogh-Bernard (1842-1932), established Foxford Woollen Mill in 1892. She made Foxford synonymous worldwide with high quality tweeds, rugs and blankets.  [29] [30]  Mayo has remained an essentially countryside to the present.

Mayo in the Annals of Lough Cé 

  • Mac William Burk, ie Edmond, died.
  • A hosting O’Domhnaill, ie Aedh Ruadh, in Lower Connacht and their hostages were received by him; and he took the army of Lower Connacht with him against Mac William Burk; and all went from there to the Clann-Rickard and Machaire riabhach and Baile-a Chlair, ie Mac William urban, burned by them. Mac William and O’Briain came with them, and the son of O’Conchobhair of Corcumruaidh killed by them;O’Domhnaill and went home with triumph.
  • O’hUiginn, ie Brian, the son Ferghal Ruadh, director of schools Erinn and Alba, died this year.
  • Large attic of the year, just after Christmas.
  • The defeat Muaidh given by O’Domhnaill, ie Aedh Ruadh, to foreigners and Gaeidhel in the province of Connacht.
  • Mac Goisdelbh, that John died. (The Annals of the Four Masters  John DUV Mac Costello, Lord Sliabh-Lugha, died, and two men was set up in his place, namely, William, son of Edmond of the Plain, his own brother, and Jordan, the son Philip Mac Costello.  )
  • Maelmuire, son of Tadhg Og O’hUiginn, a prominent poet, died this year.
  • son of Mac William Burk was killed this year near the castle Sligech, that William, son of Rickard, son of Edmond, son of Thomas Burk.
  • O’Dubhda, Dubh, that William, son of Domhnall Ballach died.
  • Large starvation entire Erinn in hoc advertiser.
  • Cormac, son of Domhnall, son of Brian O’hUiginn, violently killed with a shot of an arrow by Clann-Feorais this år.Richard Og, son of Richard O’Cuairsceith, was killed on the same day, ie Wednesday after Pentecost.
  • Domhnall, son of Brian O’hUiginn, tutors in schools Erinn in poetry, died in hoc anno.
  • defeat of Bel-atha-na-ngarbhán given by Rickard Burk and his kinsmen to Mac William Iochtair and Mainechs where Mother Ruaidhri Mac Suibhne killed.
  • A great war between O’Domhnaill, ie Aedh, and O’Neill, ie art, son of Aedh, and a war between O ‘Domhnaill and Mac William Burk, ie Edmond, son of Rickard. O’Domhnaill retains fifteen axes in Tir Conaill, and in the province of Connacht, and Feara-Manach. O’Domhnaill assumes Doire with a small band, and takes palace Bel-in Chlair bordering on Luighne and Gaileng; and he leaves the guards in it, and go back into Tir-Fhiachrach. Mac William Burk marketers his army, and lay siege to the city. And when he heard this O ‘Domhnaill advancing back towards the city, and Mac William leave the place and go to put rules and guards in the castle Eiscir-abhann in Tir Fhiachrach.
  • Eoghan O’Maille killed this year in Tir Boghaine, with crews of three ships.
  • Great depredations were committed by O’Domhnaill in Gailenga which time he burned and plundered the country as far as Cruachan-Gaileng; and O Ruadháin killed there by him, and a great many more with him.
  • A rainy, really wet, summer and harvest this year; it was a hard, tormenting years and years of suffering and disease.
  • A major plague in the beginning of this year in Erinn.Mac William Burk, ie Meiler son Tibbot killed per dolum of sons Seoinín Mother, son Mac Seoinín.William, son of William Mac Siurtán, mortuus est.
  • O’Maille, ie Cormac, son of Eoghan O’Maille, public supporter of hospitality and nobility western Connacht, mortuus est. Domhnall, son of Thomas O’Maille, took his place.
  • Large inclemency of the weather, and mortality of livestock, in the beginning of the year.
  • Large attic of this year, the Friday before Christmas, which threw down a large number of wooden and stone buildings, and several trees; and it broke, especially the monastery Dun-na-nGall; and it shattered and blew away a large number of boats on the sea and land.
  • Castle Ard-na-Riadh was taken by the sons O’Dubhda the son of John Burk, and a war broke out between them and the descendants of Richard Burk, and many depredations and murders committed between them, in hoc anno.
  • Castle Ard-na-Riadh taken by sons Thomas Jar from sons O’Dubhda, at night, in the same way.
  • This year was a sickly, sickly years, where many diseases, viz. A general plague and smallpox, and plague flux, and the bed-distemper, advised överdrivet.Mac David, ie Thomas, son of David, son of Edmond, died in hoc anno. Mac Goisdelbh, that John Dubh, died in hoc anno.
  • Thomas O’hUiginn, ie supervisor of the men of Erinn and Alba in poetry, died in år.Hövding from Lower Connacht, viz., Tadhg Og, son of Tadhg, son of Aedh and Tadhg son of Cathal Og O’Conchobhair and Clann-Donnchadha and sons O’Dubhda, went to the descendants of Richard Burk, on the initiative of bishop Barrett. And herds in the country went ahead of them to Termon of Oiremh and the bishop followed them on Termon and took crews to the army; and restitution was not of them to honor the saint or shrine.
  • Mac Goisdelbh, that John, the son of Like-Dubh, a generous, humane man, and a good captain, was killed by Piers Mac Goisdelbh, and some of the people of Airtech, in hoc anno.
  • A host of O’Domhnaill, ie Maghnus, in Lower Connacht, in the middle month of autumn, which opportunity he destroyed much corn, and burned and passed the Lower Connacht, viz., Tir Fiachrach and Cairbre and two Luighne and Corann, and Tir -Oilella, heading norrut.Och O’hEghra Riabhach city taken by him at that time; and he gave shelter to O’hEghra itself, subject to submit to his authority, and took him away in captivity.

Clans and families

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In the early historical period, what is now County Mayo consisted of a number of great kingdoms, smaller lordships and tribes of obscure origins.They included:

  • Calraige- prehistoric tribe found in parishes Attymass, Kilgarvan, Crossmolina and the River Moy
  • Ciarraige- settlers from Munster found in the southeast around Kiltimagh Mayo and West Roscommon
  • Conmaicne- a people that is located in the barony of Kilmaine claimed descendants of Fergus Mac Róich
  • Gran Domnann- branch of Laigin, originally from the UK, located in Erris
  • Gamanraige- prehistoric kings of Connacht, known for breach of Medb and Ailill of Cruachan Tain Bó Flidhais. Based in Erris, Carrowmore Lake, Killala Bay, Lough Conn
  • Gailenga- realm extends east from Castlebar to adjacent parts of Mayo
  • Uí FiachrachMuidhe – September 1 of Connachta, built around Ballina, some of whom were kings of Connacht
  • Partraige- apparently a pre- Gaelic folk Lough Mask and Lough Carra, namesakes of Partry
  • Ui Mail – kingdom kringClew Bay, east towards Castlebar, its rulers adopted the name O’Malley

Surname 

The main surname Mayo, according to figures taken from the register of civil-born index of 1890 were:

  1. walsh
  2. Gallagher
  3. kelly
  4. Malley / O’Malley
  5. moraine
  6. Duffy
  7. McHale
  8. Gibbons
  9. Joyce
  10. Connor / O’Connor
  11. Conway
  12. Higgins
  13. Murphy
  14. Burke / Bourke
  15. Reilly / O’Reilly
  16. Gardner
  17. Durkan
  18. Doherty / O’Doherty
  19. McHugh
  20. Sweeney
  21. McManamon

Of these Walsh (Breathnach), Gibbons, Joyce Burke / Bourke are of Anglo-Norman origin. Gallagher and Sweeney / Mac Sweeney was gallowglass clans. Kelly Duffy, Connor / O’Connor, Doherty, Conway, Lyons, Higgins, McHugh, is at home in other parts of Ireland. McAndrew, McNicholas, Malley / O’Malley, Moran, McHale, Mulchrone, Flatley, Gaughan, Reape, Munnelly, Kilbane, Durkan / Durcan are all at home in Mayo.  [31]

Demography

historical population

The county has experienced perhaps the highest emigration from Ireland.  Citation needed  ]  In the 1840s-1880s, waves of emigrants left the rural townlands of the county. Initially triggered by famine and then to look for work in the newly industrialized Britain and the United States, the population fell considerably. From 388,887 years in 1841, the population fell to 199,166 in 1901. The population reached a low of 109,525 in 1971 as emigration continued. Emigration slowed as the Irish economy began to grow in the 1990s and early 2000s talet.Följaktligen Mayo’s population increased from 110,713 years 1991 to 130,638 in 2011.

Religion and belief 

According to figures in the 2006 National Census religious demographic breakdown County Mayo was 114.215 Roman Catholics, 2476 Church of Ireland, 733 Muslims, 409 other Christians, 280 Presbyterians, 250 Orthodox Christians, 204 method, 853 other specified religions, 3,267 no religion, and 1152 is not specified religion.

Irish 

9% of the population of the county lives in Mayo Gaeltacht. Gaeltacht Irish speaking region in County Mayo is the third largest in Ireland with 10.886 inhabitants. Tourmakeady is the largest village in this area. All schools in the area to use Irish as the language of instruction. Irish has seen a surge in Mayo, as well as in other parts of Ireland, with the opening of gaelscoileanna.Mayo has four gaelscoileanna in its four major cities, providing basic education to students through Irish.  [38]

Transport

Rail 

Mayo is well connected by train. Westport train station is the terminus station on the Dublin to Westport Rail service. Stations are also located on Ballyhaunis, Clare, Castlebar Manulla, Ballina and Foxford .All railway stations are located on the same railway line, except Ballina and Foxford which require passengers to change Manulla Junction. There are currently four services in each direction every day on the line.

There are also proposals to reopen the current defunct western railway corridor linking Limerick to Sligo.

Road 

There are a number of national primary roads in the county including the N5 road linking Westport to Dublin, the N17 road linking the county of Galway and Sligo and N26 road linking Ballina to Dublin via the N5. There are a number of national secondary roads in the county, also including the N58 road, the road N59, N60 road, the road N83 and N84 road.

Air 

Ireland West Airport Knock is an international airport located in the county.The name comes from the nearby village of Knock. During the past few years have seen the airport’s passenger numbers grow to over 650,000 annually with a number of UK and European destinations. August 2014 saw the airport has its busiest month on record with 102.774 passengers using the airport.

Tourist attractions

Cliffs along the Atlantic coast in County Mayo, near Ballymena

  • Achill Island
  • Ashford Castle
  • Ballintubber Abbey
  • Blacksod lighthouse
  • Broadhaven Bay
  • Burrishoole Abbey
  • Ceide Fields
  • Clare Island
  • Clew Bay
  • Croagh Patrick
  • Eagle Island lighthouse
  • Erris
  • Faulagh
  • Joyce Country
  • Killala Bay
  • Knock Shrine
  • List of designated very scenic views
  • Lough Mask
  • Mayo Peace Park
  • Moore Hall
  • Mullet Peninsula
  • Murrisk Abbey
  • Museum of Country Life
  • Nephin
  • Partry Mountains
  • Rockfleet Castle
  • Sruwaddacon Bay
  • Tourmakeady
  • Westport House

Media

Newspapers in the county include  the Mayo News  , The  Connaught Telegraph  , the  Connacht Tribune  ,  Western people  , and  to the Mayo Advertiser  , who is Mayo single free newspaper.  [39]  Mayo has its own online TV channel  Mayo TV launched in 2011. It includes news and events from all over the county and regularly transmits live to a worldwide audience. Local radio stations include  Community Radio Castlebar  , Westport Community Radio and  MWR  (Mid West Radio). The documentary  Pipe Down  , which won best documentary at the 2009 Waterford Film Festival, was made in Mayo.  [40]

Energy

Energy controversy 

Main articles: Corrib gas project and the Corrib gas controversy

“Justice” (for the Rossport 5) moved in Ros Dumhach hay field

There is local opposition to Shell’s decision to process raw gas from the Corrib gas field in the onshore terminal. In 2005, five local men in prison for contempt of court after refusing to follow an Irish court. Subsequent protests against the project led to the Shell to Sea and related promotions.

energy audit 

Mayo Energy Analysis 2009-2020 is a study on the impact of peak oil and subsequent fossil fuel depletion for a rural county in the west of Ireland. The study draws together many different threads to investigate the current energy supply and demand in the field of study and assess these demands in the face of the challenges of declining production of fossil fuels and anticipated disruptions in supply chains and long-term economic recession. [41] [42] [43]

Sports

Croke Park equipped Mayo colors 2004 2004 All-Ireland Senior Football Final

The Mayo GAA men’s team last won the Sam Maguire Cup in 1951, when the team was led by Seán Flanagan. The Mayo team is currently one of the best teams in Ireland. Their All-Ireland final appearances since have been 1989, 1996 (draw and replay), 1997, 2004, 2006, 2012 and 2013.  [44]  They also won the Sam Maguire Cup in 1936 and 1950. The team’s unofficial supporters club is Mayo Club ’51, named after the last team that won the Sam Maguire.The County Mayo GAA colors are traditionally green and red.  [45]

People

Philip Gaughan – (1865-1913) The first Irish American to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor during the Spanish-American War

  • Richard Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo- Viceroy of India from 1869 to 1872.
  • Browne family
  • Admiral William Brown (1777-1857) – born in Foxford, founder of the Argentine Navy.
  • Patrick Browne (1720-1790) – physician and botanist of Jamaica.
  • Frank Carter American serial killer.
  • Brian Rua U’Cearbhain- 17th century prophet from Erris.
  • Willie Corduff- winner of the Goldman Environmental Prize
  • Jerry Cowley- GP noting.
  • Michael Davitt- founder of the Land League, was born in Mayo. Achill bridge is named after him as well Castlebar local high school (Davitt College).
  • Richard Douthwaite- economist and advocate of Westport
  • Frank Durkan- New York City human rights attorney best known for representing many members of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA), including declared gun-runners and central North American member of the IRA George Harrison, who stood trial and was acquitted, in 1982, Desmond Mackin – accused of shooting a British soldier.
  • Earl of Mayo (Bourke).
  • Michael Feeney, MBE – founder of the Mayo Peace Park.
  • Seán Flanagan (1922- 1993) – senior Fianna Fáil politicians and Gaelic football. He served under Taoiseach Jack Lynch Health (1966-1969) and Minister of Lands (1969-1973).
  • Adrian FLANELLIKNANDE- Irish Radio Network host from in 1970.
  • Flidais- heroine of the Ulster Cycle Erris legend of Tain Bó Flidhais.
  • James Owen Hannay akaGeorge A. Birmingham – author of such novels about County Mayo  seething pot  (1905) and  Hyacinth  (1906).
  • Kevin Glynn (industrial designer) – Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts.
  • John Healy- author and journalist (1930-1991).
  • Only Kenny- politician, leader of Fine Gael since 2002 and Prime Minister of Ireland (2011-present).
  • Tommy Langan (23 September 1921-22 September 1974) is considered the greatest Gaelic football full ahead of time.
  • Marquis of Sligo (Browne)
  • Ciarán McDonald- Gaelic footballer.
  • John McDonnell (born July 2, 1938) – Athletics coach. He has won several national championships (42) than any coach in any sport in the history of American collegiate athletics.
  • Paul O’Dwyer- president of the New York City Council, prominent New York human rights lawyer, supporters of Irish nationalism and defense of several Irish Republican Army armed men from deportation, including “The Fort Worth Five” and Vincent Conlon.
  • William O’Dwyer- mayor of New York from 1946 to 1950.
  • Bernard O’Hara (b 1945) – Irish historian.
  • Gráinne O’Malley- 16th century pirate queen and prince O’Malley clan, also known as Granuaile.
  • Pat Rabbitte, former leader of the Labour Party was born in Woodstock near Ballindine.
  • Ian O’Reilly (born in Moore Hall, 1999) – Actor Sky1 in the hit TV Show “Moone Boy ‘
  • Michael ring- Fine Gael politician.
  • Mary Robinson (born in Ballina, 1944) – the first female president of Ireland (1990-1997), and the United shögkommissarie for human rights.
  • Martin Sheridan (born Bohola, 1881-1918), five-time Olympic gold medalist, with a total of nine Olympic medals
  • Aoibhinn Ní Shúilleabháin (born Carnacon 1983) – winner of the 2005 Rose of Tralee contest. She is the 47th Rose and the first from County Mayo.
  • John Solon- member of the Wisconsin State Assembly.
  • Frank Stagg- Irish Republican Army. Hunger striker.
  • Jimmy Walsh Born 22 September 1885 in Killala was an outfielder in Major League Baseball .Won World Series with the Boston Red Sox in 1916
  • Louis Walsh (born August 5, 1952) – Pop music manager.

See also

  • Achill
  • castlebar transmitter
  • Connaught Irish
  • List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Mayo)
  • List of Lough in County Mayo
  • List of mountains and hills in County Mayo
  • List of rivers of County Mayo
  • List of roads in County Mayo
  • Louis Walsh
  • Mayo College
  • County Council
  • Táin Bó Flidhais
  • Westport House
  • Westport
  • Lord Lieutenant of Mayo
  • High Sheriff of Mayo
  • Wild Atlantic Way

References

  1. Jump up ^ “statistical tables Census 2011 – city and country” (PDF).Central Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
  2. Jump up ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186-191.
  3. Jump up ^ http://www.geograph.ie/photo/148102
  4. Jump up ^ Ordnance Survey Ireland, 2012
  5. Jump up ^ “Analysis of the potential economic benefits of the development of Ocean Energy in Ireland” (PDF). Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland. August 2004. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
  6. Jump up ^ “Belmullet Wave Energy Test Site”. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
  7. Jump up ^ “Ocean Energy Roadmap 2050” (PDF). Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland. October 2010. Hämtad26 April 2013.
  8. Jump up ^ “2009 Local Elections – Mayo County Council”.ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  9. Jump up ^ “Population and Actual and percentage changes in 2006 and 2011 by the Electoral Division year and statistics”. Census 2011 reports.Retrieved 26 April 2013.
  10. Jump up ^ Guiry, MD, John, DM, Rindi, and F. McCarthy, TK, eds.(2007)  New Survey of Clare Island. Volume 6 :. Fresh water and land Algiers Royal Irish Academy ISBN 978-1-904890-31-7
  11. Jump up ^ From the latest EIS in June 2010 Click “Additional Information”. Then select “Volume 2 of 3 Appendices Books 1-6” then select “Volume 2 Book 3 of 6” there will be eleven comprehensive tomes manage wildlife, marine, freshwater and land flora and fauna in a small area of Kilcommon parish.
  12. ^ Jump up to: ab  “Comhairle Contae Mhaigh Eo Archaeological Overview”. Pulled 04/26/2013.
  13. Jump up ^ “Travel with us through the history of Ireland”. Pulled 04/26/2013.
  14. Jump up ^ http://www.environ.ie/en/Publications/Heritage
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  16. Jump up ^ “University of Duisburg-Essen: Languages of Ireland”. Pulled 04/26/2013.
  17. Jump up ^http://www.wesleyjohnston.com/users/ireland/past/history/15411598.html
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  24. Jump up ^ http://www.mayohistory.com/H18to19.htm
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  26. Jump up ^ http://www.irishidentity.com/stories/parnelldav.htm
  27. Jump up^ http://www.askaboutireland.ie/learning-zone/primary-students/looking-at-places/mayo/michael-davitt/captain-boycott/
  28. Jump up ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-IrishLan.html
  29. Jump up ^ http://www.discoverireland.com/us/ireland-things-to-see-and-do/listings/product/?fid=FI_444
  30. Jump up ^ http://www.museumsofmayo.com/foxford1.htm
  31. Jump up ^ principal surname Mayo  , Nollaig O Muraile in  Mayo aspects of its heritage  , p. 83, edited by Bernard O’Hara, 1982)
  32. Jump up ^ For the 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  33. Jump up ^ Census of post 1821 figures.
  34. Jump up ^ http://www.histpop.org
  35. Jump up ^ http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census
  36. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  37. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review.  37  (4) :. 473-488 doi: 1111 / j.1468 -0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  38. Jump up ^http://www.gaelscoileanna.ie/category/schools/primary/mayo/?lang=en
  39. Jump up ^ http://www.advertiser.ie/index.php/mayo
  40. Jump up ^ http://www.vimeo.com/8668733
  41. Jump up ^ http://www.sustainability.ie/energyplan.html
  42. Jump up ^ http://www.energybulletin.net/node/47704
  43. Jump up ^ http://zone5.org/2009/01/mayo-energy-audit/
  44. Jump up ^ http://www.rte.ie/sport/gaa/football/2013/0825/470194-mayo-tyrone/
  45. Jump up ^ http://www.gaa.ie/about-the-gaa/provinces-and-counties/about-county/county-colours/

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