CategoryCounty Kildare

Maynooth

Maynooth (/ m ə now θ /; Irish: Maigh Nuad ) is a university town in north County Kildare, Ireland. It is home to Maynooth University (also known as The National University of Ireland Maynooth), part of the National University of Ireland, a papal university and Ireland’s top Catholic seminary, St. Patrick’s College. Maynooth is also the seat of the Irish Catholic Bishops’ Conference [2] and is headquartered Ireland’s largest development charity, Trocaire. [3]

Location and access

Maynooth is on the R 148 road between Leixlip and Kilcock, with the M4 past the town. Other roads connecting the city to Celbridge, Clane, and Dunboyne. Maynooth is also on the Dublin to Sligo railway line and is served by a commuter train service.

Etymologi

Maynooth from Irish: Maigh Nuadhat or Maigh Nuadhad , meaning “plain NUADA AIRGETLÁM”. Maigh Nuad is the modern spelling. NUADA AIRGETLÁM was one of the gods of the ancient Irish, corresponding Nudd of Wales and the node of Ancient Britain and Gaul.

History

Maynooth was a long-term center or Geraldine FitzGerald family, who dominated Irish affairs in the Anglo-Norman and Tudor periods.

From 1932 to 1937, the city was the unofficial home to the King’s representative in Ireland, the Governor General Domhnall Ua Buachalla, who declined to take up official residence in the Viceregal Lodge in Phoenix Park, and whose family ran a hardware store in the city until 2005, has been the only shop with an Irish language name of the town for many years, but in 2014 a candy store called a Siopa Milseán opened a few doors away.

historic features

The city has at each end of Main Street, Maynooth Castle and Carton House: two former seats of the Dukes of Leinster. The castle was a stronghold of the 16th century historical figure Thomas FitzGerald, 10th Earl of Kildare better known as Silken Thomas. The castle was invaded in 1535, after the rebellion in Earl.

The village is inside the western edge of the Pale.

The most important historical buildings in the town are the St. Patrick’s College and of which arose the foundation of the university, while the other is in the late Georgian and neo-Gothic Revival style. The “new series” of buildings erected by AWN Pugin in 1850 under a mandate from the then college president Laurence F. Renehan, while College Chapel was designed and completed by James Joseph McCarthy during the presidency of Dr. Robert Browne 1894th

The famous Conolly Folly is also close to the city, although it is arguably in Celbridge, because it is much closer to it, but is covered by Maynooth very comprehensive city limits. It was known to be the gateway to the West as the main road from Dublin.

There are three old monastic settlements near Maynooth, including Laraghbryan and its cemetery, Taghadoe and its Round Tower and Grange William (Donaghmore).

Population

The population of 12,510 [4] making it the fifth largest village in Kildare and the 35th largest in Ireland. Measurement can be difficult because a large part of the village’s population is transient – students at NUI Maynooth and St.Patrick college or temporary staff at the nearby Intel and Hewlett Packard facilities (both located in Leixlip). The city’s most famous residents, social media celebrity Kevin Molloy, better known by his social media nickname “king of beers”.

Training

Two third-level educational institutions – St. Patrick’s College, Maynooth, founded under King George III in 1795 to educate the Irish Catholic priests and Maynooth University, separated from St. Patrick’s College in 1997 – are in the city. They share campus space and many facilities. NUI Maynooth is the only university in Ireland is not in a city. There are two high school (Maynooth Post Primary & Community College Maynooth), and four elementary schools: a girls ‘school, a boys’ school (Maria BNS), an Educate Together school, and an Irish-speaking school.

Kildare VEC has received the patronage authority to build a second high school, even if their desire is to share the existing to the older and younger schools instead.

Amenities

The city contains a fire station, in addition to the area’s part Garda station, a health center, a branch library, and a credit union, as well as various restaurants, including Romayo Nations voted to be the best takeaway in Leinster 2014. [5]

Churches

Maynooth has two churches called St. Mary, a Mary Church of Ireland (Anglican), which is incorporated into the walls of St. Patrick’s College, Maynooth, and Mary Roman Catholic Church, where Kilcock Road, turn into Maynooth Village, serving Maynooth Parish St. Mary and Lady Chapel. Also nearby is the former Moyglare church used as Church of Ireland, Meath & Kildare pin Centre. Maynooth Community Church is a church attached to the Presbyterian Church in Ireland.

economy

The city is the main retail and service center for North Kildare and South Meath, with branches of SuperValu, Tesco Ireland, Aldi and Lidl, as well as a wide range of non-chain stores. In October 2005, Dunnes Stores opened a major shopping center off the main street, Manor Mills. This center includes a number of other high street names such as EASONS and Elvery’s Sports.On 18 January 2007 the Tesco Ireland plans to demolish its existing store in Maynooth (same store has been demolished and rebuilt only seven years earlier) and build a larger shopping center, anchored by enTesco Extra store, at a nearby location. [6] The new the center is known as cardboard Park, after the nearby carton House. Tesco Extra part of the new shopping center opened Nov. 3, 2008, medHeatons, Sports Direct, Next Children and boots. A number of shops that were part of the former Maynooth shopping center will remain open at the old location.

Transport

Canal

Maynooth is located on Djurgården, navigable from Dublin city center to this point, now used mostly for pleasure. It gave an important stopping point before Dublin during the period immediately before the arrival of the railroad to Ireland in the first half of the 19th century. The port, known locally as Dukes Harbour is roughly triangular in shape and on the north side of the canal, opposite the train station is a popular fishing area. The channel is also notable because it is the favored fishing spot for international fishing sensation Glenn Weafer residing in the city.

Rail

Maynooth railway station is one of the busiest in the Dublin / Kildare region, working as it does two major educational institutions. The town is the terminus of most Iarnród Éireann Western Commuter train, and to be served by Sligo intercity service.

Buss

Dublin Bus and Bus Eireann also serve the city. A number of private operators also serve the city, which connects it with neighboring towns.

Sport

Golf

  • Carton House Golf Club is located in Maynooth. The Golfing Union of Ireland, the oldest golf union in the world, has its national headquarters in the yard. This option also includes the GUI National Academy, the 22-acre (89,000 m2) teaching facility for up and coming golfers, as well as a facility available to all golfers in Ireland. It has a driving range, putting green and short game area, as well as lessons.

Rugby

  • North Kildare RFC is the local rugby club and is located about 3 km from Maynooth Kilcock on the road. Also near the club rugby
  • Maynooth Native Bob Casey is a professional rugby player and Ireland international. Casey has represented Ireland at schools, U19, U21, Ireland ‘A’ and U25 levels. He made his senior debut against Australia in 1999. Casey has six caps for Ireland. When he played for Ireland against Canada in May 2009, it was his first cap since 2000. He currently plays for London Irish. He has also played for the Barbarians.

Gaelic game

  • Maynooth GAA is the local Gaelic Athletic Association club and compete in senior football in Kildare ago in 2009.

Football

  • Maynooth Town FC is the local football club.

Horse Racing

  • Maynooth is home to thoroughbred racing and breeding operation Moyglare Stud Farm.

Athletics

  • Le Cheile Athletic Club

See also

  • List of towns and villages in Ireland

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Census 2016 Preliminary Results”. Central Bureau of Statistics Census 2016 Preliminary results. Central Statistics Office (Ireland). Retrieved July 14, 2016.
  2. Jump up ^ “The Catholic Communications Office”.Catholiccommunications.ie. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  3. Jump up ^ “Trocaire | Irish charity working for a just world. “Trocaire.org. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  4. Jump up ^ “Maynooth Settlement Results”. Central Bureau of Statistics .2011.
  5. Jump up ^ “Has your favorite takeaway make the list of Ireland’s best takeaways |? JOE.ie “. JOE.ie. Pulled 04/07/2016.
  6. Hoppa upp^ http://www.businessworld.ie/cgi-bin/printer_friendly?a=1612236

Saint Brigid of Kildare

Saint Brigid of Kildare or Brigid of Ireland (Irish: Naomh Brid . C 451-525) is one of Ireland’s patron saint, along with Patrick and Columba. Irish hagiography makes her an early Irish Christian nun, [3] the abbess, and founder of several monasteries of nuns, including that of Kildare in Ireland, which was known and revered. Her feast day is February 1, which was originally a pagan festival called Imbolc, marking the beginning of spring.Her feast day is shared by Dar Lugdach, which tradition says was his student, and the woman who succeeded her.

The Saint shares her name with an important Celtic goddess, and there are many legends and folk customs associated with her. Some researchers suggest that the saint is just enkristnandet of the goddess. Others suggest that she was a real person who took the goddess attributes.

Name

The saint has the same name as the goddess Brigid, derived from Proto-Celtic * Briganti “high, exalted” and finally the origin of Proto-Indo-European * bʰerǵʰ- . In Old Irish her name was spelled Brigit and pronounced [bʲrʲiɣʲidʲ].In modern Irish is spelled Brigid / Brighid and pronounced [bʲɾʲiːdʲ]; it becamebrid 1948 spelling reform.

The English spelling of her name is Bridget , or the bride and she is sometimes called the Mary of the Gael . In Welsh, she called fraid (genitiveFfraid , which in many places is called Llansanffraid “St. Brigit’s Church”).

Historicitet

There is a debate about whether St Brigid was a real person. She has the same name, associations, and day of celebration as the Celtic goddess Brigid, and there are many supernatural events, legends and folk customs associated with her.

Some researchers suggest that the saint is just a Christianization of the goddess. Others suggest that she was a real person who took the goddess attributes. Medieval art historian Pamela Berger argues that Christians “monks took the old figure of the mother goddess and grafted her name and functions of their Christian counterparts.” [4] Professor Daithi Ó hÓgáin and suggests that the saint had been chief druidess in the temple of the goddess Brigid, and was responsible for converting it to a Christian convent. After her death, became the name and the characteristics of the goddess attached to the saint. [5] [6] [7]

Life

Probably the earliest biography ( Life or Vita ) St. Brigid is that by St Broccán Clóen (d. 650). Various biographies contradictory accounts of her life, with much literary merit in itself. A second life written by Cogitosus, a monk of Kildare in the eighth century, and is a good example of Irish scholarship in the middle of the eighth century. The Life printed Coelan dating ca. 625, deriving further importance from the fact that a forward later added by St. Donatus, also an Irish monk who became bishop of Fiesole in 824. St. Donatus refers to previous biographies of St Ultan and St. Aileran. [8]

In the battle of the historic presence of Brigid that broke out in the last third of the 20th century, researchers noted that eleven people Brigid is associated in her life are independently certified in annalistic sources, sources that sets her death in AD 523 (in the Annals of Tigernach and Chron Scotorum) and her birth in 451 (calculated from the alleged age of 72 at death). [9]

early life

According to tradition, Brigid was born in AD 451 Faughart, [10] County Louth. Due to the legendary quality of the earliest accounts of his life, there is much debate among many secular scientists and even Christians as to the authenticity of her biographies. Three biographies agree that her mother was Brocca, a Christian Pict and slave, who had been baptized by Saint Patrick. They name her father Dubhthach, a chief Leinster. [11]

They vitae say that Brigid’s mother was a slave, and Dubthach wife forced him to sell her to a druid when she became pregnant. Brigid herself was born into slavery. From the beginning it was clear that Brigid is sacred. When the druid tried to feed her, she vomited because he is unclean. A white cow with red ears seemed to hold her instead. [11] As she grew older, Brigid performed many miracles, including healing and feeding the poor. According to a story, as a child, she once gave away his mother the whole layer of butter. The butter was then filled in response to Brigid prayers. [12] Around the age of ten, she was back as a household servant to his father, where her habit of charity led her also to donate their possessions to anyone who asked. In two lives , Dubthach was so irritated at her, he took her in a carriage to the King of Leinster, to sell her. While Dubthach spoke to the king, Brigid gave away his jewels sword to a beggar to barter it for food to feed his family. The king acknowledged his holiness and convinced Dubthach to grant his daughter her freedom. [13]

Religious life

It is said that Brigid was the “veiled” or received either by St. Mac Caill in Croghan, or by St. Mel of Ardagh in MAG Tulach (current Barony Fartullagh, County Westmeath), which also granted her Abbatial forces. It is said that if the 468, she and St Maughold (Macaille) followed St. Mel in the Kingdom Tethbae, which consisted of parts of modern County Meath, Westmeath and Longford.

According to tradition, around 480, Brigid founded a monastery in Kildare (Cill Dara , “Church Oak”), on the site of an old pagan shrine to the Celtic goddess Brigid, served by a group of young women who tended the eternal flame. The place was under a large oak tree on the ridge of the Drum Criadh.[14] Brigid, with a first group of seven companions, is credited with organizing joint consecrated religious life for women in Ireland. [15] She founded two monasteries institutions, one for men , and the other for women and urged Conleth (Conláed), a hermit from Old Connell near Newbridge, to help her in Kildare as spiritual pastor of them. It has often been said that she gave canonical jurisdiction to Conleth, Bishop of Kildare, but Archbishop Healy says she simply “chose the person that the church gave this privilege,” and her biographer tells us clearly that she chose Saint Conleth “to control the church together with oneself “. Thus, for centuries, was Kildare ruled by a double line of abbot-bishops and abbesses, the abbess of Kildare is considered superior general of the monasteries in Ireland. Her successor has always been Episcopal honor. [16] Brigid of Kildare small oratory became a center of religion and learning, and developed into a cathedral city.

Brigid is also credited with founding an art school, including processing and lighting, which Conleth monitored. Kildare scriptorium did book Kildare, which drew high praise from Gerald of Wales (Giraldus Cambrensis), but that has disappeared since the Reformation. According to Giraldus, nothing he had ever seen was at all comparable to the book, each page gorgeously lit, and he concludes by saying that the intertwined work and harmony of the colors left the impression that “all this is the work angelic, and not human skill”. [ 8]

The Trias Thaumaturga says Brigid spent time in Connacht and founded many churches in the diocese of Elphin. She is also said to have visited Longford, Tipperary, Limerick and South Leinster. [10] Her friendship with Saint Patrick noted in the following paragraph from the Book of Armagh “Inter Sanctum Patricium Brigitanque Hibernesium columpnas Amicitia caritatis inerat Tanta, Ut Unum cor consiliumque haberent unum. Christus by Illum illamque Virtutes Multas peregit “. (Between St. Patrick and Brigid, pillars of the Irish people, it was so great friendship charity that they had but one heart and one mind. Through him and through her Christ performed many great works.)

When they die, the St Brigid said to have been given the last rites of St. Ninnidh. Afterwards, he had reportedly his right hand encased in metal so that it would never be defiled, and became known as “Ninnidh of the Clean Hand”. [8] Tradition says that she died at Kildare February 1 525. [17]

St. Brigid said to have had a female companion named Dar Lugdach , a younger nun that she shared his bed with. According to tradition, Dar Lugdach Brigid succeeded as abbess of Kildare and predicted by Brigit, she died exactly one year after her. The two thus the same day of celebration. [18]The name Dar Lugdach (also spelled Dar Lugdacha or Dar Lughdacha) means “daughter of the god Lugh.” [19]

Miracle associated with Brigid

Brigid is celebrated for his generosity to the poor. In her case, most of the miracles associated with her relate to healing and household tasks generally attributed to women.

  • When Brigit was marital age, a man named Dubthach moccu Lugair came to woo her. Since Brigid offered her virginity to God, she said, the man that she can not accept him, but to go to the woods behind the house, where he finds a beautiful maiden to marry. Everything he says to the maiden’s father will be appealing to them. The man followed her instructions and it was as she said. [11]
  • In one story, Brigid protected a woman from a nobleman who had entrusted to a silver brooch to the woman for storage but then secretly threw it into the sea. He charged her with stealing it, knowing that he could take her as a slave if a judge ruled in his favor. The woman escaped and sought refuge with Brigid Community. By chance, one of her fisherman reeled in a fish that, when cut open, appeared to have swallowed brosch.Adelsmannen liberated woman confessed their sins and bowed in submission to Brigid. [13] A similar story of St Kentigern.
  • On another occasion, Brigid was traveling to see a physician for their headaches. She stayed at the house of a Leinster couple had two daughters dumb. The daughters traveling with Brigid when her horse startled, causing her to fall and graze your head on a rock. A touch of Brigid blood healed girls. [13]
  • Once on the banks of the River Inny, Brigid was given a gift of sweet apples and sloes. She later entered a house where many lepers asked her for these apples, which she offered helpfully. The woman who had given the gift of Brigid was angered by this, saying she had not given the gift to leprosy. Brigid was angry nun for exemption from the leprosy and cursed their trees so that they would no longer bear fruit. Another woman also gave Brigid same gift, and again Brigid gave them to begging leprosy. This time the other woman asked that she and her garden is blessed. Brigid said then that a large tree in the garden maiden would have double the fruit from its offshoots, and this was done. [11]
  • One Easter Sunday, a leper came to Brigid to ask for a cow. She said she would rest and would help him later; But he does not want to wait and said he would go elsewhere to a cow. Brigid then offered to cure him, but the man stubbornly replied that his condition allowed him to get more than he would if he was healthy. After convincing leper that was not the case, she told one of her bridesmaids to have the man washed in a blessed cup of water. After this was done, the man was healed, and promised to serve Brigid.
  • One of the more widely told stories is Brigid ask the King of Leinster for land. She told the king that the place where she stood was the perfect place for a monastery. It was next to a forest where they could collect firewood and berries. There was also a lake nearby that would provide water and soil was fertile. The king laughed at her and refused to give her any country. Brigid prayed to God and asked him to soften the king’s heart. Then she smiled at the king and said, “You will give me as much land as my robe will cover?” The King thought she was joking, and, hoping to get rid of her, he went. She said four of her sisters to take up the mantle, but instead of laying it flat on the turf, each sister, with her face turned to another point on the compass, began to run quickly, the screen grows in all directions. The cloak began to cover many acres of land. “Oh, Brigid!” Said frighted king, “what are you about?” “I am, or rather my coat is about covering your entire province to punish you for your stint to the poor.” “Call your virgins back. I will give you a decent plot of land. “The saint was convinced, and the king held his purse strings tight in the future, she only had to hint at his robe to bring him to reason. Shortly thereafter, the king became a Christian, began to help the poor and commissioned the construction of the monastery.The legend, the monastery was famous for making jam from local blueberries intended for the whole of Ireland. There is a new tradition that begins among followers of St. Brigid eating jam 1 February to commemorate this miracle. [20] [21]
  • After Brigid God promised a life of chastity, her brothers grieved over the loss of a bride price. When she was outside carrying a load past a group of poor, some began to laugh at her. A man named Bacene said to her: “The beautiful eyes that are in your head will be espoused to a man if you want it or not.” In response, Brigit stuck his finger in the eye and said, “Here it is beautiful eyes you. I think it is unlikely that someone will ask you about a blind girl. “Her brothers tried to save her and remove blood from her wounds, but there was no water to be found.Brigid said to them, “Put my staff about this sod in front of you,” and after they did, came a stream from the ground. She said to Bacene, “Soon your two eyes will burst in the head,” and it happened as she said.[11]
  • She is associated with the preservation of a nun chastity under unusual circumstances. Some authors [ who? ] Claim that it is an account of an abortion. Both Liam the PAOR (1993) [22] and Connolly & Picard (1987), in their complete translations of Cogitosus, give essentially the same translation [23] for the sake of Brigit mission to a nun who had failed to keep its promise of chastity and become pregnant. In 1987, translation: “A certain woman who had taken the vow of chastity fell through youthful desire of pleasure and her womb swelled with children Brigid, exerts the most potent force his unspeakable faith, blessed her, causing the child to disappear. without coming to birth, and without pain. She returned faithfully to the woman’s health and penance. “

Reverence

Brigid said to have been buried to the right of the high altar of Kildare Cathedral, and a costly tomb raised over her “Adorned with beads and gems and crowns of gold and silver.” Over the years, her shrine became the object of veneration for pilgrims, especially on his feast day on 1 February. Around the year 878, because of the Scandinavian raids, Brigid alleged relics be buried in the grave Patrick and Columba. [17] In 1185, John de Courcy had their alleged remains re buried in Down Cathedral. [24]

In modern Ireland, “Mary of the Gael” remains a popular saint, and Brigid still a common female first names.

relics

En skalle sägs vara Brigid har bevarats i Igreja São João Baptista (Church of St John the Baptist ) i Lumiar i Portugal ( 38 ° 46’29 “N 9 ° 09’54” W . [25] ) (nära Lissabon airport) sedan 1587 och vördas den 2 februari (inte den 1 februari som i Irland). [26] St Brigid huvud var meningen transporteras till kung Denis Portugal i 1283 av irländska riddare reser till Aragonien korståg . Enligt Denis Murphy, när relikerna av de heliga förstördes i det sextonde århundradet, under vikariat Lord Leonard Gray, var Brigid huvud sparas genom några av de präster, som tog den till Neustadt i Österrike. 1587 var det fram till kyrkan av Society of Jesus i Lissabon, av kejsar Rudolf II. [27]

The inscription on the tomb of Lumiar reads: “Here in these three tombs are the three Irish knight who brought the head of St. Brigid, virgin, born in Ireland, whose relics are preserved in this chapel. In memory of the officials at the altar of the Saint caused this to happen in January, AD 1283. ”

A fragment of the skull was taken to St. Bridget’s Church, Kilcurry 1905 by Sister Mary Agnes in Dundalk Convent of Mercy and in 1928 another fragment was sent by the Bishop of Lisbon to St Brigid’s Church in Killester, in response to a request from fathers Timothy Traynor and James McCarroll.

On Armagh was a “Templum Brigidis”; namely the small monastery church called “Règles Brigid”, which contained some relics of the saint, which was destroyed in 1179 by William FitzAldelm.

Iconography

In liturgical iconography and statuary Saint Brigid depicted often keeps a sharp cross, a Crozier of the kind used by the Abbots and a lamp. Early hagiographers portray Saint Brigid lives and ministries concerned with fire.According to PW Joyce, the tradition of nuns at her convent held a sacred eternal flame burning there. [10] leitmotifs, some of them borrowed frånapokryferna such story where she hangs his cloak on a sunbeam associated with wonder stories of her hagiography and folklore . In her life, Saint Brigid is produced which has the power to multiply such things as butter, bacon and milk, donating sheep and cattle and to check the weather.Plant Designs in connection with St. Brigid include white madonna lilyknown since the Middle Ages as the Madonna Lily for its association with the Virgin Mary, and Winflower Anemone coronaria , called “Brigid Anemone” since the early 19’s. Kildare, Church of oak Quercus petraea , is associated with a tree sacred to the Druids. Her color, white, worn by Kildare United Irishmen rebellion in 1798 and worn by Kildare sports teams. [ Citation needed ]

Placenames

Kilbride is one of Ireland’s most found placenames, are 43 Kilbrides located in 19 of Ireland’s 32 counties: Antrim (2), Carlow, Cavan, Down, Dublin, Galway, Kildare, Kilkenny (3), Laois, Longford, Louth, Mayo ( 5), Meath (4), Offaly (4), Roscommon (2), Waterford, Westmeath (2), Wexford (4), Wicklow (8) as well as two Kilbreedy s Tipperary, Kilbreedia and Toberbreeda Clare, Toberbreedia in Kilkenny, Bridewell Commons in Dublin, Bride Town and Templebreedy in Cork and Rathbride and Bride’s Church in Kildare. [28] in the same way, there are a number of placental derived from Cnoic Bhríde ( “Brigit’s Hill”), such as Knock Bridge in Louth Knock Bride in Cavan . In Wales, the villages of Llansantffraid-ym-Mechain, Llansantffraed and Llansantffraid, Ceredigion is named after her; “Llan” meaning “church” and “Ffraid” or “Ffraed” is Welsh for “bride”.

Other

The artwork supper is a location setting for Saint Brigid. [29]

  • saints portal

Notes

  1. Hoppa upp^ “Story of St Brigid” . St. Brigids GNS, Glasnevin .
  2. Jump up ^ “After Brigid’s Way – The Irish Catholic”.
  3. Jump up ^ Jestice, Phyllis G. (2004). Holy people in the world: a cross-cultural encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. pp. 140-. ISSN 9,781,576,073,551thRetrieved February 1, 2013. Brigid of Ireland, or Kildare, has been venerated since the early Middle Ages, together with Patrick and Columba, as one of the three national Christian patron saint of Ireland…. At least two Latin life had consisted at the end of the seventh century, describes her as a nobleman’s daughter who chose to consecrate her virginity to God, took the veil as a Christian nun, and became the leader of a community of religious women, or perhaps of both women and men, certainly of the seventh century was an important double monastery in Kildare who regarded her as its founder.
  4. Jump up ^ Berger, Pamela (1985). Goddess Obscured: Transformation of the Grain sheltering from the Goddess to Saint. Boston:. Beacon Press ISBN 9,780,807,067,239th
  5. Jump up ^ Ó hÓgáin, Daithi. Myth, Legend & Romance: An Encyclopedia of the Irish folk tradition . Prentice Hall Press, 1991. p.61
  6. Jump up ^ Wright, Brian. Brigid: Goddess, Druidess and Saint . History Press, 2011. pp.36-37
  7. Jump up ^ Robert Lentz & Edwina Gateley. Christ in the margin . Orbis Books, 2003 p.121
  8. ^ Jump up to: abc “Catholic Encyclopedia: St. Brigid of Ireland “.
  9. Jump up ^ Discussion on the date of the annals and the accuracy of dates relating to St Brigid continues, see AP Smyth, “The earliest Irish annals: the first modern records and the earliest centers of recording”,Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy lxxii C (1972) pp1-48 and Daniel McCarthy: “the chronology of St. Brigit of Kildare” in Peritia , XIV (2000), pp255-81.
  10. ^ Jump up to: abc Joyce, PW, miracles Ireland , 1911
  11. ^ Jump up to: abcde “Bethu Brigte”.
  12. Jump up ^ Wallace, Martin. A small book of Celtic Saints. Belfast.Apple Press, 1995 ISBN 0-86281-456-1, p.13
  13. ^ Jump up to: abc “St. Brigit of Ireland – Monastic Matrix “.
  14. Hoppa upp^ “History of Kildare Town” .
  15. Jump up ^ “ST. Brigid IRELAND :: Catholic News Agency (CNA) “.Katolska news agency.
  16. Jump up ^ Edward Sellnor do this in the book, Wisdom Celtic Saints (Ave Maria Press, 1993)
  17. ^ Jump up to: ab “Our Patroness,” Brigidine Sisters
  18. Hoppa upp^ TM Charles-Edwards, “Brigit (439 / 452-524 / 526), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004nås 22 Dec 2014
  19. Jump up ^ Wright, p.41
  20. Jump up ^ Story of St. Brigit, November 14, 2012
  21. Jump up ^ Kennedy, Patrick. ‘St. Brigid mantle, ” Legendary Fictions of the Irish Celts , 1891
  22. Jump up ^ St. Patrick’s world , Liam the PAOR, Four Courts Press, Dublin, 1993 – Chapter 33, Cogitosus life of St. Brigid virgin, accessed February 13, 2012
  23. Jump up ^ Page 211 of the PAOR; page 16, Single Chapter 9, Connolly & Picard
  24. Hoppa upp^ Johnathan Bardon, A History of Ulster , sid 38. Blackstaff Press, 2007. ISBN 0-85640-764-X
  25. Jump up ^ “US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000 and 1990 ‘. The US Census Bureau. 12 February, 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  26. Jump up ^ St. Brigid skull. 14 December 2007 – through YouTube.
  27. Jump up ^ Murphy, Denis. ‘St. Brigit of Kildare “, Journal of Kildare Archaeological Society and surrounding districts , Vol. 1, p.175, Kildare Archaeological Society, 1895
  28. Hoppa upp ^ “logainm.ie”. Logainm.ie.
  29. Jump up ^ envelopes. Brooklyn Museum. Retrieved on 06/08/2015.

Cathedral Church, Kildare

Cathedral Church of St. Brigid, Kildare Kildare, Kildare is one of two cathedrals in the United Dioceses of Meath and Kildare by the Church of Ireland in Ireland. It is in the ecclesiastical provinseni Dublin.

History

It is said that in 480 (35 years after Saint Patrick settled in Armagh) Saint Brigid came in Kildare with her nuns. Her original monastery church would have been a simple wooden building. So great was her fame, soon after her death in 523 AD a costly shrine was erected in her honor in a new and larger building. For many centuries Kildare maintained a unique Irish experiment;abbess ruled over a double community of women and men, and the bishop was subordinate in jurisdiction to abbedissan.Mellan the years 835 and 998 the cathedral was destroyed no less than 16 times, so that when Norman, Ralph Bristol, became a bishop in 1223 it was virtually in ruins. Between then and 1230, it was largely rebuilt. It was half a devastating 1500. It was abandoned in 1649. In 1686 it was partially built. [1]

Current status

Former Cathedral of the Diocese of Kildare, it is now one of two cathedrals in the United Dioceses of Meath and Kildare.

The current building is a restored Norman cathedral dating back to 1223. The site occupied by the cathedral is probably the site of a pagan shrine to the goddess Brigid, and later the church of Saint Brigid. An eternal flame was held here from pre-Christian times possibly until the time of Henry VIII, who destroyed many monasteries. [2] [3] Next to the cathedral is one of Kildare femrunda tower which is 32 meters (105 feet) high, and can be climbed during certain times.

The austere cathedral was built in the years after 1223, probably by Ralph of Bristol made bishop of the see in 1222 and died in 1232. There are crosses in plan without aisles in the early Gothic style with a massive square central tower. All windows are LANCET-WINDOW, single or double, but triple lancets in the four gables. Unique and attractive features of the construction are the arcs extending between the board support in advance of the side walls. The railings are of the stepped Irish type (now much restored) but probably dated to c. 1395, the year in which a papal relaxation was given to those who visited Kildare and gave alms for the preservation of the church.The interior treatment frequently, window splays not formed, but the rear frames, that is, the spring shafts with molded capitals. These shafts are short and end in small curved tails. [4]

Features

Altar tomb portrait of Bishop Walter Wellesley (died 1539) is an excellent example of 16th. century sculpture.

The Sheelagh-na-gig (erotic carving) is very rare to find in the cathedrals.

Solid oak choir stalls and chapters with acorns and oak leaf carvings.

Bishops tronen.

The high altar with reproductions of medieval originals.

Caen stone carved pulpit with carvings of the four evangelists and Irish marble columns.

Lady Chapel.

The organ was built by Conacher in 1898 and currently being restored with the support of Professor Gerard Gillen.

Luke stained glass windows by Gerda Schurmann (the Czech Republic) dated in 1974.

Stone baptismal font that is not original to the cathedral but is dated from the Middle Ages. West window dedicated to St. Patrick, St. Brigid and St.Columba.

Death and Resurrection

The cathedral fell into disrepair after the English Reformation and destroyed during the Irish League of war. The restoration of the building was carried out during the 19th century by George Edmund Street [5] His work included new north trancept, new chancel, and the new west wall and rebuilding three sides of the square tower. The new oak roof supported on stone corbels built into the wall buttresses.

In recent years, as part of the centennial cathedral has undergone further restoration including new internal porches, repair of internal and external stone and rebuilding of the organ .. [6]

George Edmund Street, arkitekt.

George Edmund Street began the restoration of the cathedral in 1875 and work continued after his death in 1881 until it was finished 1896th

Gallery

  • eagle Lectern
  • Ship
  • Walter Wellesley seriously

See also

  • Dean Kildare

References

  1. Jump up ^ Free sheets provided for visitors to self-guide tour the cathedral.
  2. Jump up ^ “Light Perpetual Flame by Brigid (A brief history of the flame).” January 2006. Archived from the original May 30, 2015.
  3. Jump up ^ “St. Brigid Fire Temple “. Archived from the original on September 13, 2015.
  4. Jump up ^ Irish churches and cloisters – Volume II – Harold G. Leask March Litt.D., MRIA, FSA, FRSAI, FRIAI.
  5. Hoppa upp^ Memoir av George Edmund Street, RA, b.1824-d.1881, Arthur Edmund Street.
  6. Hoppa upp^ http://kildare.ie/Local-History/kildare/kildare-cathedral.htm

Kildare

Kildare (Irish: Cill Dara , which means “church oak”) is a town in County Kildare, Ireland. Its population of 8412 (2011 census) [4], making it the eighth largest city in County Kildare and the 55th largest in the state, with a growth rate of 8% since the 2006 census. Even Kildare gives its name to the county, Naas is the county seat. The city is located on the R445, about 50 km (31 mi) west of Dublin – close enough for it to have been, despite a regional center in its own right, a commuter town for the capital.

History

Foundation of Saint Brigid

Rich in heritage and history, Kildare Town is from the 5th century when it was the site of the original “church of oak” and the monastery was founded by Saint Brigid. This was one of the three most important Christian foundation in Celtic Ireland.

It was said that Brigid’s mother was a Christian and that Brigid grew up in his father’s family, it is with the children of his lawful wife. From his mother taught Brigid milk production and care of livestock, and these were her jobs after she made a vow to live a life of holy chastity. Both Saint Mel of Ardagh and Bishop Mac Caille has been credited with the opening of Brigid and some companions, whereupon the woman established a community under an oak tree on a hill at the edge of the Curragh. Hence the name Cill Dara, Church of oak.

Not too far away, at Dun Ailinne lived king of Leinster who had donated the site to the holy woman. A story was that the king had offered Brigid as much land as her cloak would cover. When she spreads her garments that miraculously reached out to embrace the entire Curragh. True to its promise, the king gave her the fertile plain, and the new society grazed their sheep and cows.

Milestone in the beginning of motor racing

On Thursday, July 2, 1903 Gordon Bennett Cup went through Kildare. It was the first international motor race held in Britain as it was an honorific tillSelwyn Edge had won the 1902 event in Paris runs a Napier. The Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland wanted the race to be hosted on the islands, and their secretary, Claude Johnson suggested Ireland as the venue because the racing was illegal on British roads. Editor of Dublin Motor News , Richard Mecredy suggested an area iKildare, and letters were sent to 102 Irish MPs, 90 Irish colleagues, 300 magazines, 34 chairman of the county and municipalities, 34 county secretary, 26 mayors, 41 railway companies, 460 hotel owners, 13 PPS , plus the Bishop of Kildare and Leighlin, Patrick Foley, who spoke of. Local legislation must be adapted, ergo the “Light Locomotives (Ireland) Bill was adopted March 27, 1903. Kildare and other municipalities paid attention to their areas, while the Queen’s County explained that each installation will be provided and the roads are placed at the disposal of motorists over the proposed race. eventually Kildare was chosen, in part because of the straightness of the road would be a safety advantage. As a complement to Ireland the British team chose to compete in Shamrock green [b] who became known as British Racing Green, although the winning Napier 1902 had been painted olive green. [5] [6] [7] [8]

The route consisted of two loops that comprised a figure eight, the first was a 52-mile (84 km) trail included Kilcullen, The Curragh, Kildare, Monasterevin, Stradbally, Athy, followed by a 40 mile (64 km) loop through Castledermot, Carlow and Athy again. The race started at a crossroads Bally (53.0853 ° N 6.82 ° W) near Calverstown on the contemporary N78 north, then follow the N9 north; the N7 V; the N80 south; the N78 north again; the N9 south; The N80 N; the N78 north again. Competitors began at seven-minute intervals and had to follow the bikes through the “control zones” in each city. 328 miles (528 km) race was won by the famous Belgian Camille Jenatzy, driving a Mercedes in German colors. [6] [9]

annalistic references

Se Annals of Inisfallen

  • AI697.1 Kl. Vila of Forannán of Cell Dara. [AU 698].
  • AI733.1 Kl. Resting daughter Corc, coarb of Brigit.
  • AI758.1 Kl. Murthán, abbots of Cell Dara, fell asleep.
  • AI964.1 Kl. Looting of Cell Dara of foreigners in Ath Cliath; and the female erenagh died the same year.
  • AI1031.9 Cell Dara and Port Láirge burned.

Tourist attractions

  • St. Brigid’s Cathedral and Norman tower house in the center
  • St. Brigid source in the outskirts of the city,
  • Father Moore source on Milltown Road
  • The National Stud and Japanese Gardens.
  • The Curragh Racecourse Just outside the city
  • Kildare Village is a shopping outlet located on the outskirts of Kildare Town and has become a major shopping center and tourist attraction.

Political

Kildare Town is located in Kildare South Dáil constituency and Kildare local electoral district Kildare County Council.

Sports clubs

Club Sport League Venue established
Round Towers GAA Gaelic Athletic Association Senior Football Championship Kildare 1888
62 Reserv artilleriregimenten field artillery Army Reserve curragh
Kildare Town AFC Football Kildare & District Minor League Rathbride Road 1966
Cill Dara RFC Rugby Union Leinster League Beech Park 1976
South Kildare soldiers American Football Irish American Football League Rathbride Road 2012

Transport

Bus Eireann operates a motorway link between Dublin and Cork calling Kildare, while Dublin Coach operate services to Dublin Airport and Portlaoise.

Kildare railway station located on the Dublin-Cork main line and is served by the Southwest pendulum.

Notable people

Michael Corcoran (died 1819) was a vicar in Kildare and afterwards Catholic Bishop of Kildare and Leighlin.

See also

  • List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Kildare)
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland
  • Market Houses in Ireland

Notes

  1. ^ (This note from collapsed “Historical population” side-bar. It is visible, along with references [2] [3] if the bar is expanded).
    1813 estimate of population from Mason statistical survey For a discussion of the accuracy of pre-famine census returns see JJ Lee “on the accuracy of the pre-famine Irish bills Irish population, economy and society, edited by JM Gold Strom and LA Clarkson (1981) P54, and also in the new development in the Irish population history, 1700-1850 by Joel Mokyr and Cormac O Grada in the Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 37, No. 4 (November 1984), pp. 473-488.
  2. ^ According to the Leinster Leader , Saturday, April 11, 1903, Britain had to choose a different color to their regular national colors of red, white and blue, as these had already been taken by Italy, Germany and France respectively. It is also indicated as red as the color for American cars in the 1903 Gordon Bennett Cup.

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area” (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 reports. Central Statistics Office of Ireland. April 2007. Retrieved 12 June 2011.
  2. ^ Jump up to: ab CSO Census
  3. ^ Jump up to: ab Historical population for post-1821 numbers
  4. Jump up ^ Census 2006 – Table 14A – Towns population of 10,000 and over
  5. Jump up ^ Circle genealogical and historical Champanellois
  6. ^ Jump up to: ab Leinster Leader , Saturday, April 11, 1903
  7. Jump up ^ Forix 8W – Britain’s first international motor race by Brendan Lynch, based on his triumph in Red Devil, 1903 Irish Gordon Bennett Cup Race. October 22, 2003
  8. Jump up ^ The Gordon Bennett races – the birth of international competition. Author Leif Snellman, summer 2001
  9. Hoppa upp^ Bleacher rapport, The Birth of British motorsport

The Irish National Stud

The Irish National Stud (official name: . Comhlacht Groí Náisiúnta na hÉireann Teo ) [1] is a Thoroughbred horse breeding facility in Tully, County Kildare, County Kildare, Ireland. It was formally established through incorporation on 11 April 1946 according to the National Stud Act, 1945, and is owned by the Irish government.

History

The Japanese Garden at Tully was created between the years 1906-1910. They drafted by Colonel William Hall-Walker (later Lord Wavertree), a wealthy Scot of a famous brewery family and laid out by Japanese craftsmen Tassa Eida and his son Minoru. Tassa, his wife and two sons lived at the Curragh House, now Racing Apprentice Centre of Education. Tassa left on Tully until 1911 when he and his family moved to London to create another garden.Tassa Eida died in 1912 at his intended return to Japan and no more was heard of him or his family until Brian Eida, a son Minoru, appeared as a tourist in the late 1980s to admire the work of his grandfather Tassa.

The name Minoru, meaning “light of my eye” or “favorite”, was selected by Colonel Hall Walker for their favorite Tully-bred stallion. Once rented to the King Edward VII for his career, Colt Minoru by the royal colors to victory in the Derby of 1909 to excited cheers “Good Old Teddy!”

1915 Colonel Hall Walker resigned to England, presents its entire Tully property to “The Nation.” His stud became the British National Stud and the Japanese garden into a period of relative obscurity until 1945. In that year (Tully properties have returned to the Irish Government, 1943) Irish National Stud Company was established. In the following year, in 1946, after an absence of 34 years, the Japanese garden had a horticultural supervisor.

Tourist attractions

Stud

Guided tours are available at the visitor center.

The Japanese Gardens

The Gardens, planned to symbolize the “Life of Man” is now internationally renowned and acclaimed as the finest Japanese garden in Europe.

The gardens at Tully is a living monument to the meeting between East and West in a western environment. The symbolism of life garden portrays traces the journey of a soul from Oblivion to Eternity and the human experience of its design as it travels through the paths own choices in life. Typical aspirations towards education, marriage, or a contemplative or carefree life, achievement, happy old age and a gateway to Eternity portrayed. In addition, an example of the Japanese gardening of his term ideal – a Japanese garden with a hint Anglicisation if it was just the sort of garden made in Japan at the time.

The journey begins at the gates of oblivion through which the pilgrim soul in amongst the trees and pass into the open there is a small cave, cave birth, topped by a cherry tree. Here a short winding sunken path symbolizes childhood, unseeing and unaware, where we come to a hill of stone. This tunnelled road leads from darkness to light, from ignorance to the current knowledge. Halfway through the winding, an opening that leads to the step for feedback learning crowded of an old spruce. Often spruce crowned height tempts students to look too high, but there is an unattended holes to teach him vigilance before he comes down the hill to the level of his fellow men.After winding course, still guarded by rocks he reaches the crossroads. On the right ambition left is the straight path of austere living in the center is the path to true life through which the pilgrim reaches the small island of joy and wonder of exploration springboards. But he can not stay there. All roads lead to further temptation over a stone bridge to the bamboo bridge and geisha house but beyond them is the mountain of ambition, and the well of wisdom is in sight of the beautiful water. Very steep is the slope and the climbing can be separated but as they climb they reach out a helping hand and joined at the top. Falling pilgrim finds an easy bridge over the roaring falls and trampling stepping stones through the garden level of leasing and satisfaction to the hill of grief where his soul goes out of the gate to eternity.

St. Fiachra garden

To celebrate the millennium, this garden was opened in 1999 and celebrates the patron saint of gardeners St. Fiachra or Fiacre.

Horse Museum

The horse museum on Irish National Stud has on display the skeleton of Arkle horse.

Control

All shares in the dorm holding company are vested in the Finance Minister of Ireland, apart from the nominal shareholding of the Board. The directors are appointed by the Minister for Agriculture, including the chairman.

Leading breeders Chryss Goulandris, Lady O’Reilly, has been chairman since 1998.

See also

  • List of Acts of the Oireachtas
    • National Stud Act 1945
    • National Stud Act, 1953
    • National Stud Act 1969
    • National Stud Act 1976
    • National Stud (Amendment) Act, 1993
    • National Stud (Amendment) Act, 2000
  • royal Charger
  • The National Stud (England)

External links

  • Irish National Stud official website

References

  1. Jump up ^ Annual Irish

County Kildare

Kildare (Irish: Contae Chill Dara ) is a municipality in Ireland. It is located in the province of Leinster, and is part of the Mid-East Region. It is named after the town of Kildare. Kildare County Council is the local authority for the county had a population of 210,312 according to the census of 2011.

Geography and political subdivisions

Kildare is the 24th largest of Ireland’s thirty-two counties in the area and the seventh largest in terms of population. [2] It is the eighth largest in the Leinster twelve counties in size, and second largest in terms of population. It borders the counties of Carlow, Laois, Meath, Offaly, Dublin and Wicklow. As a single county, Kildare is a generally lowland region. The county’s highest points ärfoten of the Dublin Mountains bordering the east. The highest point in Kildare is Cupid Town Hill on the edge of Dublin, with the more famous Hill of Allen in central Kildare.

Towns and Villages

  • allen
  • Allenwood
  • Ardclough
  • athy
  • Ballitore
  • Ballymore Eustace
  • Calverstown
  • Caragh
  • Carbury
  • Castledermot
  • Clane
  • Blackwood
  • Celbridge
  • Derrinturn
  • Eadestown
  • Johnstown
  • Kilberry
  • Kilcock
  • Kilcullen
  • kildangan
  • Kill
  • Kilmead
  • Kilmeage
  • Kilteel
  • Kildare
  • Leixlip
  • Lullymore
  • Maynooth
  • Milltown
  • Moone
  • Monasterevin
  • Narraghmore
  • Nurney
  • Naas
  • Newbridge
  • Prosperous
  • Rathangan
  • Roberts
  • Sallins
  • Straffan
  • Staplestown
  • Suncroft
  • Timolin

physical geography

Looking east across the wide plains of South Kildare to remove the Wicklow Hills.

The Bog of Allen is a large bog that stretches over 958 km2 in County Kildare, County Meath, County Offaly, County Laois and County Westmeath. Kildare has 243 km 2 of the bog (almost 14% of the land surface Kildare) mostly located in the southwest and northwest, where a majority of the bog. It is habitat for over 185 plant and djurarter.I county has three major rivers running through it: Barrow, the Liffey and Boyne. The Grand Canal crosses the county from Lyon in the east to Rathangan and Monasterevin in väster.En southern branch runs Barrow Navigation Athy. The Royal canal stretches across the northern part of the county along the border with Meath. Pollardstown Fen is the largest remaining calcareous fens in Ireland, with an area of 220 hectares and is recognized as an internationally important marsh ecosystem with unique and endangered plant communities, and declared a nature reserve, 1986.

There are 8.472 hectares (20.930 acres) of woodland in County Kildare, which accounts for about 5% of the county’s total land area. 4,056 hectares of this is coniferous, while there are 2,963 hectares Broadleaf and the remaining area is Unclassified species. Coillte and Duchas currently owns 47% of forestry. Coillte run Donadea Forest Park is in North-Central Kildare. The forest covers 259 hectares of mixed woodland (60% Broadleaf 40% Conifer) and is the largest forest park in Kildare.

History

Main article: History of County Kildare

Kildare was shired in 1297 [4] and took its present borders in 1832, as a result of changes to remove a number of enclaves and exclaves.

The county was home to the powerful Fitzgerald family. Parts of the county were also part of the Pale around Dublin.

Local governments and politics

Kildare County Council is the local authority for the county. The local electoral areas in Kildare’s Athy (6 seats), Celbridge – Leixlip (7 seats), Maynooth (9 seats), Kildare – Newbridge (9 seats) and Naas (9 seats). The Council has 40 members. The current council was elected in May 2013. Under the law, local government reform in 2014 the towns of Leixlip, Naas, Newbridge and Athy ceased to have separate municipalities and absorbed into their corresponding local electoral area.

For elections to Dáil Éireann, there are two constituencies in the area of the county, Kildare North, which returns four TDs and Kildare South that returns three TDs. The Irish election, in 2016, Kildare North back Catherine Murphy (SD), James Lawless (FF), Frank O’Rourke (FF) and Bernard Durkan (FG), while Martin Heydon (FG), Fiona O’Loughlin (FF) and Sean O Fearghail (FF) (elected Ceann Comhairle) returned Kildare South.

As part of the Mid-East Region, it is within the framework of the Mid-East Regional Authority.

For elections to the European Parliament, it is part of the Midlands North West constituency which returns four members.

demography

The county’s population has almost doubled to around 186,000 in 1990-2005.The northeastern region of Kildare had the highest average per capita income in Ireland outside Dublin in 2003. East Kildare’s population has grown rapidly, for example, the amount of housing in Naas suburb of Sallins has increased six-fold since the mid-1990s. From 2011 the population of the county is 210,312 with 37% (77.832 people) is under the age of 25 [5]

economy

Kildare present (2010) includes the European base of electronics companies, Intel and Hewlett Packard, two of the largest employers in this sector throughout ön.Läkemedelsjätten Pfizer has its European manufacturing in Newbridge, with another plant near Newcastle in County Dublin. Major pizza-making, soft drinks and frozen food businesses situated in Naas. Large supermarket distribution centers located in Naas, Newbridge and Kilcock.Kerry Group has developed a Global Innovation Centre in Millennium Park in Naas and employs over 1,000 people across three developments. The further development, including a new education campus to be built in Millennium Park in the future. The Irish Army’s largest military base that contains its command headquarters and training center is located in the Curragh.

Kildare is the center of the Irish horse industry. [ Citation needed ] Kildare has more stud farms than any other county in Ireland. Several prominent international breeders have substantial stud farms in Kildare, including many from the Arab world.

  • Racecourses (at Punchestown, Naas and the Curragh)
  • The Irish National Stud Farm (Kildare town)
  • The National Equestrian Centre (Guy)
  • Equine auktionsinrättning (på Goffs i Kill).

Kildare is the richest county in Ireland outside Dublin and have the lowest unemployment in Ireland during the economic recession in the 1980s. House prices in the county, but especially in the northeast of the county such asNaas and Maynooth has always been significantly higher than the other counties in the country outside of Dublin. Kildare was the first county in Ireland to experience the Celtic Tiger economic boom in the early 1990s, mainly as a result of the decision by Intel to locate between Leixlip and Maynooth. From various high-tech companies like Intel and Hewlett Packard county sometimes known as “the Silicon Valley of Europe”, and had a pick up in construction that preceded it in other counties. [ Citation needed ]

The most economically developed part of the county, around the towns of Naas, Maynooth, Celbridge, Leixlip and Kilcock. Agriculture dominates around the towns of Athy, Kildare, Newbridge, Monasterevin and Rathangan.

Transport

Road

Kildare house hub of Ireland’s network of major roads.

The N4 (M4) from Dublin to Sligo travels along the northern part of the county past the towns of Leixlip, Maynooth and Kilcock.

The N7 (M7) from Dublin to Limerick runs through the county and passes the towns of Naas, Newbridge, Kildare and Monasterevin. This road is colloquially called “the Naas dual carriageway” because when it was originally up-graded in 1964 the way from Dublin to Naas was a double lane carriageway, one of the first of its kind in Ireland.

The N9 (M9) is another National Primary Route that begins in Kilcullen and ends at Waterford. It is motorway standard to Waterford, with a small gap on the single lane carriageway between Carlow and Kilkenny (full motorway would be completed September 2010).

Rail

The county is also served by trains connecting Dublin, South Leinster, Munster and Connaught South, with daily connections to Cork, Waterford, Limerick and Galway. The Irish Rail main line train station in the county Kildare, however, Newbridge, Sallins, Maynooth and Hazelhatch also served by a Dublin commuter rail service called Arrow.

waterways

Kildare is the center of Ireland’s Grand Canal network was built in the late 18th century. This connects with Kildare Waterford, Dublin, Limerick and Athlone. The royal canal runs west from Dublin and parts of it forms the border with County Meath.

Irish

There are 4,491 Irish speakers in County Kildare, in 2451 involved the seven Gaelscoils (Irish language primary schools) and a Gaelcholáiste (Irish language secondary school). [6] According to the Irish census of 2006 2040 people in the county identify themselves as daily Irish speakers outside the education system.

Training

Newbridge College

  • Two third-level educational institutions – St. Patrick’s College was founded by King George III in 1795 to educate the Irish Catholics and Maynooth University was founded in 1997 and is located in Maynooth.They share campus space and many facilities. The two institutions formally separated in 1997. Maynooth University is the only university in Ireland is not in a city.
  • Clongowes Wood College is a private secondary boarding school for boys, located near Clane. Founded by the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) in 1814, it is one of Ireland’s oldest Catholic schools.
  • Newbridge College is a co-educational high school toll. The Dominican Order founded Newbridge College in 1852 as a boarding school for boys.
  • Leinster Senior College is a small private paying school focused exclusively on the Leaving Certificate.
  • Clane The city is home to another educational institution, Clane College, a provider of training to a wider Kildare society.
  • Piper’s Hill College Naas is a second level college was opened in August 2009 to replace Patrick Community College.

People

  • Leighton Aspell: Twice Grand National winning jockey
  • George Barrington: pickpocket, socialist
  • Aisling Bea: actress, comedian
  • Teresa Brayton : Writer
  • Eamon Broy : Policeman
  • Domhnall Ua Buachalla: Governor General of the Irish Free State
  • Ambrose Bury: Canadian Politicians
  • Paul Cullen (Bishop): Archbishop of Dublin and Archbishop of Armagh
  • Nonpareil Dempsey : Boxer
  • John Devoy: Fenian
  • Charles FitzClarence : Soldier
  • Lord Edward FitzGerald : Revolutionary
  • Matte Goff: Gaelic football
  • Michael Gorman (Wisconsin) : amerikansk politiker
  • Arthur Guinness : Brewer
  • Willoughby Hamilton Tennis Players
  • Gabriel Hayes: Sculptor & Coin Designer
  • Aidan Higgins : Writer
  • John Vincent Holland : Soldier
  • Molly Keane : Novelist
  • Michael Kelly Lawler : Soldier
  • Emily Lawless : Writer
  • Mary Leadbeater : Writer
  • Kathleen Lonsdale: Researchers
  • Devon Murray: Actor
  • John de Robeck : Admiral
  • Ernest Shackleton : Explorer
  • Barry St. Leger : Soldier
  • Damien Molony: Actor
  • [[Dave Hyland]]: Footballer & Socialite

music

  • Bell X1 from Celbridge, County Kildare
  • Blood or Whiskey, punk / Irish band is originally from Leixlip
  • Luka Bloom from Newbridge
  • Joseph Doyle, bassist of the Irish band The frames are from Allenwood
  • Graham Hopkins, drummer with frames, The Swell Season, and therapy? Is Clane
  • Damien Leith, Australian Idol 2006 winner and singer-songwriter lived in Milltown until he moved to Australia.
  • Jack Lukeman, otherwise known as Jack L, is from Athy
  • Donal Lunny was raised in Newbridge.
  • MayKay, lead singer of Fight Like Apes, was born in the county
  • Miracle Bell, Indie-pop band, hails from Naas.
  • Christy Moore, musician, was born in Newbridge.
  • Paul Quinn, the lead singer of the rock band No Sweat, came from Kilcock
  • Liam O’Flynn from band Planxty is of Kill
  • Damien Rice was born in Celbridge
  • Super Extra Bonus Party Election music award winners are from Newbridge
  • Heidi Talbot is from Guy
  • Rolling Stones guitarist Ron Wood owns a home in the area
  • Jason Boland, bassist of the band Encode Line is from Celbridge, County Kildare

Sport

GO

Horses near Pollardstown Fen

The nickname for the Kildare GAA team is the Lily Whites , a reference to the all-white shirts they wear.

In 1928 Kildare became the first team to win the Sam Maguire trophy for the All Ireland Football Championship, defeating Cavan 2-6 to 2-5.

Kildare is also known as the Short Grass County , which is a reference to how short the grass is on the commons of the Curragh.

Golf

The Michael Smurfit-owned K Club, located on the River Liffey near Straffan was host to the 2006 Ryder Cup.

Carton House Golf Club is located in Maynooth. The Golfing Union of Ireland, the oldest golf union in the world, has its national headquarters in the yard. This option also includes the GUI National Academy, the 22-acre (89,000 m2) teaching facility for up and coming golfers, as well as a facility available to all golfers in Ireland.

Other prominent courses are available on Knockanally and Clane.

Horse racing

Kildare is renowned worldwide for its horse racing. [7] [8] The Curragh hästkapplöpnings course is home to all five Irish Classic Flat races. Also located in County Kildare are two other courses Punchestown Racecourse, home of the National Hunt Festival of Ireland, and Naas Racecourse, which operates both National Hunt and Flat meetings and used by top race horse trainer as a test for horses preparing for the Cheltenham festival.

The county is known for the quality of horses bred in the many stud farms as it is home, including the Irish National Stud and many other top studs Gill Town, and Kildangan Moyglare Stud, and racehorse training institutions, such as Osborne Stables.

Twin

See also: List of twin town in Ireland

Kildare is twinned with the following places:

  • Deauville, France
  • Lexington , Kentucky , USA [9] [10]

Both are major centers of the thoroughbred breeding industry in their respective countries.

See also

  • List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Kildare)
  • Lord Lieutenant of County Kildare
  • High Sheriff of Kildare

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Kildare”. Central Bureau of Statistics . 2011.
  2. Jump up ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186-191.
  3. Jump up ^ http://www.cso.ie/census for post 1821 numbers, 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865, 1788 Estimates from the survey of GP Bushe. | 1813 estimate from Mason Statistical Survey
  4. Jump up ^ Otway-Ruthven, Annette Jocelyn (1980). A history of medieval Ireland. Routledge. p. 174. ISBN 0-510-27800-0.
  5. Jump up ^ “Kildare”. Central Bureau of Statistics . 2011.
  6. Hoppa upp ^ “Irish Medium Education in Ireland in Pale, 2010-2011” (PDF) (på iriska). gaelscoileanna.ie. 2011. Hämtat 9 januari 2012.
  7. Jump up ^ “Passion for Horses, The New York Times.” Newswoman.de.04.16.1995. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
  8. Jump up ^ http://www.kildarehorse.ie/
  9. Jump up ^ “Lexington Sister Cities Commission: County Kildare, Ireland.” Lexington-Fayette Urban County Board. Pulled 07/14/2009.
  10. Jump up ^ “Sister Cities – US Embassy Dublin, Ireland.” US Department of State. Pulled 07/14/2009.

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