Daniel O’Connell ( Irish : Dónall Ó Conaill , 6 aug 1775 – 15 Maj 1847), ofta kallad The Liberator  eller den Emancipator ,  var en irländsk politisk ledare under första halvan av 19-talet. Han kämpade för katolska frigörelse -inklusive rätten för katoliker att sitta i Westminster parlamentet , förnekade i över 100 år-och avskaffandet av Act of Union som kombinerade Storbritannien och Irland .
O’Connell was born on Carhan near Cahersiveen, County Kerry, the O’Connells of Derrynane once a wealthy Roman Catholic family, who had been deprived of their lands. Among his uncles, Daniel Charles, Count O’Connell, an officer in the Irish Brigade in the French army. A famous aunt was Eibhlín Dubh Ní Chonaill, while Sir James O’Connell, 1st Baronet, was his younger brother. Under the patronage of his wealthy bachelor uncle, Maurice “Hunting Cap” O’Connell, he studied at Douai in France and was adopted as a lawyer tillLincolns Inn in 1794, transferring to Dublin’s King’s Inns two years later. In his early years, he became familiar with the pro-democracy groups of the time and undertook to bring equal rights and religious tolerance to his own country. 
While in Dublin studying for the law, was O’Connell in his uncle Maurice instructions not to engage in any militia activity. NärWolfe Tone’s French invasion fleet in Bantry Bay in December 1796, O’Connell found himself in a dilemma. Politics was the cause of his unsettlement.  Dennis Gwynn in hisDaniel O’Connell: The Irish Liberator suggest unsettlement was because he was enrolled as a volunteer to defend the government, but the government was intensifying its persecution of the Catholic population he was one.  he wanted to get into parliament, but every contribution that Catholics had been led to predict, two years earlier, was now flatly veto. 
As a law student O’Connell was aware of their own talents, but the higher ranks of the Bar was closed for him. He read the Jockey Club as an image of the ruling class in England and was persuaded by that, “Vice reigns triumphant in the English court on this day. The spirit of freedom shrinks to protect property from attacks by French innovators. The corrupt higher order tremble for their wicked pleasures. ” 
O’Connell studies at the time had concentrated on the legal and political history of Ireland, and the debates in the Historical Society relevant items of governments, and from this he would stop, according to one of his biographers “in Ireland throughout government policy was to suppress the people and for maintaining domination by a privileged and corrupt minority.” 
On January 3, 1797 in an atmosphere of alarm over the French invasion fleet in Bantry Bay, he wrote to his uncle says he was the last of his colleagues to join the volunteer corps and “to be young, active, healthy and the only thing he could offer no reasonable excuse.  Later that month, for the benefit of convenience, he joined the lawyer’s Artillery Corps. 
On 19 May 1798 O’Connell was called to the Irish Bar and became a lawyer.Four days later, the United Irishmen staged their rebellion was put down by the British with great blodspillan.O’Connell did not support the uprising; he believed that the Irish would have to assert themselves politically rather than by force.
He went on the Munster circuit, and for over a decade, he went into a fairly quiet period of private law practice in the south of Ireland.  He is said to have the highest income of any Irish lawyer but because of the natural extravagance and a growing family , usually in debt his brother remarked caustically that Daniel was in debt all his life from seventeen years ålder.Även if he was ultimately inherit Derrynane from his uncle Maurice, the old man lived to be almost 100 and the Daniels legacy not cover their liabilities.
He also condemned Robert Emmet’s rebellion of 1803 Emmet, a Protestant, he wrote: “. A man who coolly could prepare so much bloodshed, so many murders and such horrors of all kinds have ceased to be an object of compassion. ” 
Despite his opposition to the use of violence, he was willing to defend those accused of political crimes, especially if he suspected that they had been falsely accused, as iDoneraile conspiracy trials in 1829, his last notable court appearance. He was noted for his fearlessness in court: if he thought poorly of a judge (which was very often the case), he had undoubtedly make this clear. Most famous perhaps was his reply to Baron McClelland, who had said that a lawyer he would never have taken the course O’Connell had adopted: O’Connell said McClelland had never been his model as a lawyer, nor would he take directions. from him as a judge  He did not lack the ambition to become a judge for yourself: in particular, he was attracted by the position of Master of the Rolls in Ireland, but even if he was offered it more than once, finally refused.
Campaign for Catholic emancipation
O’Connell returned to politics in the 1810s. In 1811 he founded the Catholic Board, who fought for Catholic emancipation, that is, the ability of Irish Catholics to become MPs. In 1823 he founded the Catholic Association, which included other aims to better Irish Catholics, such as: electoral reform, reform of the Church of Ireland., Tenants’ rights and economic development 
The association is funded by membership dues of one penny per month, a minimum amount designed to attract Catholic peasants. Subscription was very successful, and the association took up a large amount of money in its first year. The money was used to campaign for Catholic emancipation, especially finance pro-liberation of parliament (MPs) who represent the British House of Commons. 
Members of the association were subject to prosecution under an eighteenth-century law, and the Crown moved to suppress the compound through a series of prosecutions, with mixed success. O’Connell often briefed for the defense, and showed extraordinary force in pleading the rights of Catholics to argue for emancipation. He clashed repeatedly with William Saurin, the Attorney General for Ireland and the most influential figure in the Dublin administration and political differences between the two men driven by a bitter personal antipathy. 
In 1815 a serious event in his life occurred. Dublin Corporation was considered a stronghold of the Protestant Ascendancy and O’Connell, in a 1815 speech referred to it as a “beggarly company”.  Its members and leaders were outraged and because O’Connell would not apologize, a of their number, the noted DUELLIST John D’Esterre, challenged him. The duel had filled Dublin Castle (from which the British government administered Ireland) with eager excitement at the prospect that O’Connell would be killed. They regarded O’Connell as “worse than a public nuisance”, and would have welcomed any prospect of seeing him off at this point. 
O’Connell met D’Esterre and mortally wounded him (he was shot in the hip, the ball then accommodation in the stomach), in a duel in Oughterard, County Kildare. His conscience was bitterly hurt by the fact that not only had he killed a man, but he had left his family nearly destitute. 
O’Connell offered to “share their income” with D’Esterre’s widow, but she declined; However, she agreed to accept a compensation for his daughter, who O’Connell regularly paid for more than thirty years until his death. The memory of the duel haunted him for the rest of his life, and he refused ever to fight another, are prepared to risk accusations of cowardice rather than kill again. 
As part of his campaign for Catholic Emancipation, O’Connell created the Catholic Association in 1823; This organization acted as a pressure group against the British government in order to achieve liberation. The Catholic Fair, which was formed in 1824 by O’Connell and the Catholic Church collected funds O’Connell could help to finance the Catholic Association in its push for emancipation. Official opinion gradually turn toward liberation, as evidenced by the dismissal of William Saurin, the Attorney General and a bigoted opponent of religious tolerance, which is O’Connell called “our mortal enemy.”
O’Connell stood in a by-election to the British House of Commons in 1828 for County Clare for a seat vacated by William Vesey Fitzgerald, another supporter of the Catholic Association.
After O’Connell won the election, he was unable to take their place as members of parliament had to take the Oath of Supremacy, which was incompatible with Catholicism. The Prime Minister, the Duke of Wellington, and Interior Minister SirRobert Peel, although they opposed the Catholic participation in parliament, saw that denying O’Connell his seat would cause outrage and could lead to another rebellion or insurrection in Ireland, which was about 85% Catholic . 
Peel and Wellington managed to convince George IV that Catholic emancipation and the rights of Catholics and Presbyterians and members of all other than the established Christian religions Church of Ireland to sit in parliament needed to be established; using Whigs, it became law 1829th
However, the emancipation of the law is not made retroactive, which means that O’Connell had either to seek re-election or try to take oath of supremacy. When O’Connell tried of 15 May to take place without taking oath of supremacy,  Solicitor General Nicholas Conyngham Tindal moved his seat declared vacant and ordered another election; O’Connell was elected unanimously July 30, 1829. 
He took his place when Parliament resumed in February 1830 when Henry Charles Howard, 13, the Duke of Norfolk and the Earl of Surrey, has already become the first Catholic to have taken advantage of the Emancipation Act and sit in Parliament.  
“Wellington is the King of England”, King George IV once complained, “O’Connell is king of Ireland, and I’m just dean of Windsor.” Regal chaff expressed admiration for O’Connell at the height of his career.
The Catholic liberation campaign led by O’Connell served as a precedent and model for the emancipation of British Jews, the subsequent Act Jews Relief 1858 allowing Jewish MPs to omit the words of the oath of allegiance “and I make this statement on the true faith of a Christian” . 
Ironically, considering O’Connell’s commitment to peaceful methods of political agitation,  his greatest political achievement ushered in a period of violence in Ireland. There was an obligation for those who work in the country to support the established church ( ie , the United Church of England and Ireland) through payments called tithing. The fact that the vast majority of those working the land in Ireland was Catholic or Presbyterian tenants, supporting what was a minority religion in this island (but not in the UK as a whole), had caused tensions for some time. 
In December 1830, he and several others tried to hold a meeting of an association or assemblages in violation of the orders of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, but the charter expired in connection with the judgment and the prosecution ended the judiciary. 
Initially peaceful campaign for non-payment turned violent in 1831 when the newly formed Irish Constabulary were used to seize property in lieu of payment will result in the tenth War of 1831-1836.
Also in contrast to the use of force, O’Connell successfully defended participants in the Battle of Carrickshock and all the accused were acquitted.Yet William O’Connell rejected Sharman Crawford’s call for the complete abolition of the tenth year, 1838, because he felt that he could embarrass the Whigs (the Lichfield House Compact secured an alliance between Whigs, radicals and Irish MPs in 1835). 
In 1841 Daniel O’Connell became the first Catholic mayor of Dublin since the reign of James II, who had been the last Catholic monarch of England, Ireland and Scotland. 
Campaign for the repeal of the Union
After Catholic Emancipation was achieved, O’Connell campaign for the repeal of the Act of Union, which in 1801 had merged parliamentary Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland to bildaFörenade Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. To push for repeal, O’Connell set up the Repeal Association. He argued for the re-creation of an independent Kingdom of Ireland to govern itself, with Queen Victoria, Queen of Ireland.
To promote this, he held a series of “Monster Meetings” during a large part of Ireland outside the Protestant and Unionist-dominated province of Ulster. The so-called because each attended by around 100,000 people. These meetings concerned the British government and the Prime Minister, Sir Robert Peel, banned one such proposed monster meeting at Clontarf, County Dublin, just outside Dublin in 1843. This move was made after the biggest monster held at Tara.
Tara was of great importance for the Irish population as it was the historic seat of högkung. Clontarf was symbolic because of its connection with the Battle of Clontarf in 1014, when the Irish king Brian Boru defeated his rival Maelmordha, although Brian himself died during the battle. Despite pleas from his supporters, O’Connell refused to defy the authorities and he was called off the meeting because he was unwilling to risk bloodshed and had no other.  He was arrested on charges of conspiracy and sentenced to one year in prison and a fine of £ 2000, although he was released after three months, the House of Lords, which overturned the judgment and severely criticized the unfair trial. After having deprived himself of his most potent weapon, the monster meeting, O’Connell with his health failing had no plan and discord broke out in the Repeal Association. 
O’Connell died of softening of the brain (cerebral softening) in 1847 in Genoa, Italy, while on a pilgrimage to Rome at the age of 71, his time in prison had seriously weakened him, and the terrible cold weather he endured on his journey was probably the last battle. According to his last wishes, his heart was buried in Rome (in Sant’Agata dei Goti, when the chapel of the Irish College), and the rest of his body in Glasnevin Cemetery in Dublin, during a round tower. His sons are buried in its crypt.
On August 6, 1875 Charles Herbert Mackintosh won gold and silver medals offered by the St. Patrick’s Society during O’Connell centenary of Major’s Hill Park in Ottawa, Ontario for a prize poem entitled The Irish Liberator . 
O’Connell’s philosophy and career have inspired leaders across the world, including Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) and Martin Luther King (1929-1968).He was told by William Makepeace Thackeray (1811-1863) “You have done more for your nation than any man since Washington ever done.” William Gladstone (1809-1898) described him as “the greatest popular leader the world has ever seen. “Honoré de Balzac (1799-1850) wrote that” Napoleon and O’Connell were the only big men 19th century had ever seen. “Jean-Henri Merle d’Aubigné (1794-1872) wrote that” the only man as Luther in the power he brought was O’Connell. “William Grenville (1759-1834) wrote that” history will speak of him as one of the most remarkable men that ever lived.”O’Connell met, befriended, and became a great source of inspiration for Frederick Douglass (1818-1895) a former American slave who became a very influential leaders of the abolitionist movement, a social reformer, orator, writer and statesman.   O ‘ Connell attacks against slavery made with his usual force, and often gave great offense, particularly in the US, he called George Washington a hypocrite, and challenged to a duel by Andrew Stevenson, the American minister, he was reported to have called a slave breeders.
But the founder of the Irish Labour Party and executed Easter Rising leader James Connolly, devoted a chapter in his 1910 book “Labour in Irish History” entitled “A chapter of horrors. Daniel O’Connell and the working class “in which he criticized O’Connell parliamentary record, accusing him of siding consistently with the interests of the propertied classes in the UK.  And Patrick Pearse, Connolly, sister leaders of the Easter Rising, wrote:” The leaders in Ireland almost always left people in the critical moment (…) O’Connell flinched before the cannon at Clontarf “but adding” I do not blame these men .. you or I could have done the same, it’s a terrible responsibility, founded on a man, that the bidding cannon speak and grape pour “. 
In O’Connell lifetime goals for his Repeal Association -An independent Kingdom of Ireland governing itself but to keep the British monarch as its head of state-proved too radical for the British government of the time to receive, and brought over O ‘Connell persecution and oppression.
O’Connell is known in Ireland as “The Liberator” or “The Great Emancipator” for his success in achieving Catholic Emancipation. O’Connell admired Latin American liberator Simón Bolívar, and one of his sons, Morgan O’Connell, was a volunteer officer in Bolívar’s army in 1820, aged 15.  The main street in the center of Dublin, previously called Sackville Street, renamed O’Connell Street in his honor in the early 20th century after the irish free state came into being.  his statue (made by sculptor John Henry Foley, who also designed the sculptures of the Albert Memorial in London) stands at one end of the street , with a statue of Charles Stewart Parnell at the other end. 
The main street in Limerick is also named after O’Connell, also with a statue at the end (in the middle of the Crescent). O’Connell Street is also in Ennis, Sligo, Athlone, Kilkee, Clonmel ochWaterford.
There is a statue that honors O’Connell outside St Patrick’s Cathedral in Melbourne, Australia, which until the 1950s, the Archdiocese of Melbourne was almost entirely composed of Irish immigrants and Australians of Irish descent.  There is a museum in memory him in Derrynane House, near the village of Derrynane, County Kerry, who once owned by his family.  He was a member of the literary Association of the Friends of Poland as well. 
In 1802, O’Connell married his third cousin, Mary O’Connell. It was a love marriage, and to persevere in it was an act of great courage, because Daniel’s uncle Maurice was upset (as Mary had no fortune) and for a time threatened to destroy them.  They had four daughters (three survivors ), Ellen (1805-1883), Catherine (1808), Elizabeth (1810), and Richard (1815), and four sons.The sons- Maurice (1803), Morgan (1804), John (1810), and Daniel (1816) -All sat in Parliament. The marriage was happy and Mary’s death in 1837 was a blow from which her husband never fully recovered. He was a devoted father;O’Faolain suggest that despite his broad acquaintance he had few close friends and therefore the family circle meant a lot to him. 
Connection with the licensed trade
O’Connell assisted her younger son, Daniel, junior, to acquire Phoenix Brewery in James Street, Dublin, 1831.  The brewery produced a brand known as “O’Connell’s Ale” and enjoyed some popularity. By 1832, O’Connell was forced to conclude that he would not be a political patron of the brewing trade or his son’s company until he was no longer a Member of Parliament, especially because O’Connell and Arthur Guinness was political enemies.Guinness was “moderate” liberal candidate, O’Connell was “radical” liberal candidate. The rivalry caused tens Irish companies to boycott Guinness in 1841 Repeal election. It was at this time that the Guinness was accused of supporting the “Orange” system, and its beer was known as the “Protestant porter”. When O’Connell family left was bridged rights to “O’Connell Dublin Ale” sold to John D’Arcy. The brewing business proved unsuccessful however, and after some years was taken over by the chief, John Brennan, while Daniel junior embraced a political career. Brennan changed the name back to Phoenix Brewery but continued to brew and sell O’Connell’s Ale. When the Phoenix Brewery was effectively closed after being absorbed in the Guinness complex in 1909, was the brewing of O’Connell’s Ale conducted by John D’Arcy and Son Ltd at the Anchor Brewery in Usher Street. In 1926 D’Arcy ceased trading and the firm of Watkins, Jameson and Pim worn on the bridge until they succumbed to the pressure of trying to compete with Guinness.  
Daniel junior was chairman of the licensed trade association for the period and provided significant and valuable support to Daniel O’Connell in his public life. Some time later there was an altercation and O’Connell turned his back on the association and became a strong advocate of temperance.During the period, Fr. Mathew is total abstinence crusade many temperance meetings held, the most notable being a huge rally held in St. Patrick’s Day, 1841. Daniel O’Connell was a guest of honor at another such rally held at the rotunda hospital.  
Comments to liberation
O’Connell is on the left edge of the painting of the 1840 World Anti-Slavery Convention.  Move the cursor to identify him or click on the icon to enlarge
Michael Doheny, in his The Felon Track , says that a lot of character liberation has adopted an ” exaggerated and false cover story ” and that it is wrong to call it liberation. He agreed that it was neither the first nor the last or even the most important of the concessions have the right to the name of liberation, and no one remembered the men whose efforts ” wrung from the reluctant spirit of a much darker time the right to live, to worship , to enjoy the property, and exercising the franchise . ”  Doheny said that the penalties for” criminal laws “had long been abolished and barbaric code had been compressed in the cold and sluggish exclusivity and yet Mr. O’Connell monopolized all of its notoriety.  the position that John Mitchel, also one of the leading members of the Young Ireland movement, in his “Jail Journal,” was that there were two distinct movements in Ireland during this period, which awaken the people, was a Catholic relief Agitation (led by O’Connell), who were both open and legal, the other was the secret society known as the ribbon and white-boy movements.  first proposed the inclusion of professional and distinguished Catholics to Parliament and honor of the profession, all under British law the other, originating in an utter horror and defiance of British law, considered nothing less than a social, and ultimately, a political revolution.  According to Mitchel, for fear that the latter, UK with a “very ill grace gave to the first.” Mitchel agree that Sir Robert Peel and the Duke of Wellington said they brought in this action, in order to avoid civil war; but says that “no British statesman ever tell the official truth, or assign any act its real motive.”  Their real motive was, according to Mitchel, to buy into the British interests, landed and educated Catholics, these “respectable Catholics” would then be satisfied, and “become West Brits” from that day. 
Political commitment and programs
“Daniel O’Connell: The Champion of Liberty” poster published iPennsylvania, 1847
A critic of violent insurrection in Ireland , O’Connell once said that “the altar of freedom falters when it tough only with blood” and even as late as 1841, O’Connell had whipped his MPs in line to hold the “Opium War” going In China. Territories at the time had proposed a motion of censure on the war, and O’Connell had to call on their MPs to support the Whig government. As a result of this intervention, the Government was saved. 
Politically, he focused on parliamentary and populist methods to force change and made regular declarations of their loyalty to the British crown.He often warned British establishment that if they do not reform the governance of Ireland, the Irish would start listening to “counsel of violent men.” Successive British governments continued to ignore this advice, long after his death, although he managed to get out of sheer force and power of the Catholic peasants and priests much of what he wanted, ie , eliminating disability Catholics; ensure the legally elected Catholics could serve their constituencies in the British Parliament (until the Irish Parliament was restored); and amending allegiance to remove clauses offensive to Catholics who could then take the oath in good conscience. 
Although a native speaker of Irish, O’Connell encouraged Irish people to learn English better themselves.  Although he is best known for the campaign for Catholic emancipation; He also supported similar efforts for Irish Jews. At his insistence, in 1846, the British law “The Judaismo” which prescribed a special dress for Jews, was repealed. O’Connell said :. “Ireland has debts on your old race, is the only country that I know of unsullied by any act of persecution of the Jews” 
- “The altar of freedom falters when it tough only with blood” [Written in his Journal, Dec. 1796 and one of O’Connell’s most famous quotes.Quoted by O’Ferrall, F., Daniel O’Connell , Dublin, 1981, p.12]
- “Gentlemen, you may soon have the option to live as slaves or die as free men” (speaking in Mallow)
- “Oh my God, what a brute you get when ignorant and oppressed. Oh Freedom! What horrors are committed in thy name! May every virtuous revolutionary remember the horrors of Wexford ‘! [Written in his Journal, January 2, 1799, with reference to the latest 1798 Rebellion.Quoted from Vol I, p. 205 of O’Neill Daunt, WJ, personal memories of the late Daniel O’Connell , MP, 2 vols, London, 1848.]
- “My days-flowers of my youth and the prime of my manhood-has been obscured by the boredom of slavery. In this land of my birth-in the land of my fathers-I is destroyed without fault as a stranger and an outcast. “[July 1812, aged 37, to reflect on the failure to ensure equal rights or Catholic Emancipation of Catholics in Ireland. Quoted from Vol I, p.185 O’Connell, J. (ed.), The Life and Speeches of Daniel O’Connell , 2 Vols, Dublin, 1846)]
- “How cruel the penal laws that exclude me from a fair trial with the men that I consider so much my subordinates …”. [O’Connell correspondence, Letter No. 700, Vol II]
- “… I want to make the whole of Europe and America knows it-I want to make England feel her weakness, she refuses to give justice we [Irish]-demand restoration of our national parliaments …”. [Speech at a “monster” meeting in Drogheda, June 1843]
- “It is an utter ignorance of and indifference to the sufferings and hardship … What care they for us, provided we be submissive, paying taxes, providing recruits for the army and navy and bless champion who either despise or oppress or combine both? Apathy that exists Ireland respects is worse than the national antipathy they carry us. ” [Letter to TM Ray, 1839, in English attitudes towards Ireland (O’Connell correspondence, Vol VI, Letter No. 2588)]
- “No one knows better than you do that the dominance of England is the only and blighting curse in this country. It is mara sitting on our energy, stops the pulsation of the heart of the nation and leave Ireland not gay vitality but horrid convulsions a troubled dream “. [Letter to Bishop Doyle, 1831 (O’Connell correspondence, Vol IV, Letter No. 1860)]
- “The principle of my political life … is that all ameliorations and improvements in the political institutions may be obtained by persevering in a completely peaceful and legal course, and can not be obtained by force or if they could be obtained by force such funds to create more evil than cure, and leave the country worse than they found it. “[Writing in The Nation magazine 18 November 1843]
- “No man was ever a good soldier, but the man who goes into battle determined to conquer, or not to come back from the battlefield (cheers). No other principle makes a good soldier. “O’Connell recalls spirited actions of Irish soldiers in Wellington’s army, at Monster meeting Mullaghmast.  
- “The poor old Duke [Wellington] What should I say about him? To be sure that he was born in Ireland, but to be born in a stable does not make a man a horse. ” Shaw Authenticated report of the Irish State Trials(1844), p. 93
- “Every religion is good every religion is true to him in good care and conscience believe it.” (As a defender in R. v Magee (1813), calls for religious tolerance.) 
- “Ireland is too poor for a bad team.” (In response to the Poor Law of 1839 sets up the workhouses.) 
- Ireland’s history (1801-1922)
- Irish nobility
- List of people on stamps of Ireland
- Daniel O’Connell Heritage Summer School
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- Hoppa upp^Canadian Illustrated News 28 08 1875 vol.XII, nej. 9, 136 Library & Archives Kanada 3682 Canadian Illustrated News
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- ^ Hoppa upp till:a b Michael Doheny s Den Felon Track , MH Gill & Son, Ltd., 1951, sid 2-4
- Jump up ^ John Mitchel’s Jail Journal which first aired as a series in his first New York newspaper The Citizen , from January 14, 1854 and August 19th 1854. The book referenced is an exact reproduction of Jail Journal , as it first seemed.
- ^ Jump up to: abcd John Mitchel, Prison Journal, or five years in British jails , MH Gill & Son, Ltd., 1914, pp XXXIV-XXXVI.
- Jump up ^ Charles Gavan Duffy: Conversations With Carlyle (1892), with Introduction, Stray thoughts on Young Ireland , Brendan Clifford, Athol Books, Belfast, ISBN 0-85034-114-0 .pg 17 & 21
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- Jump up ^ O’Faolain p.163
- Jump up ^ Angus McIntyre, “The Liberator Daniel O’Connell and the Irish Party 1830-1847”. Published London, 1965, pp. 211-18.
- Fergus O’Ferrall, Daniel O’Connell (Gill irländska liv serien), Gill & MacMillan, Dublin, 1981.
- Seán O’Faoláin , King of the Beggars: Ett liv i Daniel O’Connell , 1938.
- Maurice R. O’Connell, korrespondens Daniel O’Connell (8 vol), Dublin, 1972-1980.
- Oliver MacDonagh, O’Connell: Livet av Daniel O’Connell 1775-18471991.
- J. O’Connell, red., Livet och Tal av Daniel O’Connell (2 vol), Dublin, 1846.
- Sister Mary Francis Cusask, Life of Daniel O’Connell, the Liberator: His Times – political, social and religious. New York: D. & J. Sadlier & Co.1,872th