CategoryCounty Fermanagh

Devinish Ireland

Devenish or Devinish [1] (from the Irish: Daimhinis , which means “ox island”) is an island in Lower Lough Erne, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. Oriented roughly north-south, it is about one and a quarter miles long and two-thirds of a mil wide. The most important place to take the ferry to the island is Trory Point, just outside Enniskillen. Devenish Island owned by Kilravock Christian Trust. [2]

Features

Devenish contains one of the finest monastic sites in Northern Ireland. A round tower is believed to be from the twelfth century on the island, as the walls of the Oratory of Saint Molaise who established the monastery in the 6th century, [3] on a pilgrim route to Croagh Patrick in County Mayo. It became a center of scholarship and also raided by Vikings in 837 and burned in 1157, that later flourished as the site of the Parish Church and St Mary’s Priory in August.

There’s extensive low earthworks on the slope, but the earliest buildings are St. Molaise house (a very small church) and the fine round tower close, both with good Romanesque decoration of the 12th century. The round tower is about 30 meters (100 feet) long and can be climbed using internal ladders. It has a sculpted Romanesque cornice heads and ornaments during the conical stone roof. [3] Nearby is a cross carved with spiral patterns and human heads.There are also several cross-plates, one with an interlaced design and a medieval carved cross. Near the round tower, the foundations of another tower found that the current tower probably been replaced. [4]

The smallest of the three churches (Mo Laisse house, named after the founder of the monastery) is from the late 12th or early 13th century. It has smalantae with bases carved with classical motifs. Only the lower portions of the walls and some of the roofstones survive. [4]

Team Pull Mor , the lower church, dates from the early 13th century with a beautiful molded south window. It was extended to the East in about 1300, and later additions include a residential wing in the north and Maguire chapel in the south, with the 17th century heraldic plates.

On the hill sits St Mary’s Priory in August which is the middle of the 15th century and early 16th century, the church tower and small north cloister.Priory has an intricately carved mid-15th century high cross in the cemetery.[3]

There are several hundred resolve architectural fragments on the site, and among those over 40 stones from an otherwise lost, richly decorated Romanesque church. Some of the many loose stones are displayed and which, in its historical context in the small visitor center.

Abbey ruins including churches, round tower, etc. are State Care Historic Monument in the townland of Devenish, Fermanagh City Council area at grid ref: area of H224 469. [5] The monastic site (the area around the state health monuments, grid ref: H224 469) and Rath (grid ref: H2215 4768) is scheduled historic monument. [6]

See also

  • List of archaeological sites in County Fermanagh
  • Northern Ireland Environment Agency
  • List of townlands in County Fermanagh
  • Ó Khln Krkrán
  • The Round O

References

  1. Jump up ^ placental Database of Ireland: Devinish
  2. Jump up ^ http://www.kilravockcastle.com/
  3. ^ Jump up to: abc . O’Neill, B (eds) (2002) Irish cathedrals, churches and monasteries. London: Caxton Editions. p. 63rd
  4. ^ Jump up to: ab Weir, A (1980). Early Ireland. A Field Guide. Belfast Blackstaff Press. p. 144. ISBN 0-85640-212-5.
  5. Jump up ^ “State Care of historical monuments” (PDF). Environment and Heritage Service. March 2007. Retrieved December 3, 2007.
  6. Jump up ^ “Scheduled historical monuments” (PDF). Environment and Heritage Service. March 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) of 5 November 2008. Retrieved December 3, 2007.
  • Curtis, Liz (2004). “Ancient Island places on Lough Erne”. Culture Northern Ireland. Retrieved 19 March 2009.
  • “Devenish Island”. www.enniskillen.com. Retrieved 19 March 2009.
  • “Devenish Monastic Site”. Northern Ireland Environment Agency.Retrieved 19 March 2009.

Florence Court

Florence Court is a large 18th century house and estate located 8 miles southwest of Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It is located at the foot of Cuilcagh Mountain. The nearby village characterized by a word name Florence Court. It is owned and managed by the National Trust and is a sister property near Castle Coole. The other National Trust property in County Fermanagh is the Crom Estate.

History

Florence Wrey (died 1718), daughter of Sir Bourchier Wrey, 4th Baronet (c. 1653-1696) and his wife Florence Rolle. She was married to John Cole in Enniskillen, builders of Florence Court, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. Her grandmother was one of the earliest English women to wear the name Florence Rolle (1630-1705), daughter and arvtagerskaDenys Rolle (1614-1638), avStevenstone and Bicton in Devon.Insamling by the National Trust, Florence Court

The history of the building of the Florence Court is subject to guesswork and the current building was constructed in at least two, if not three, phases. [1]The first house on the site was built by John Cole, Esq. (1680-1726) and named after his wife Florence Bourchier Wrey (died 1718). [2] She was the daughter of Sir Bourchier Wrey, 4th Baronet (c. 1653-1696) of Tawstock, Devon. An anonymous history Fermanagh written in 1718 describes John Cole’s house as “very expensive and luxurious” [3] , but in 1739 Rev. William Henry described this building as “though small, is just left wing of a large building, designed by Mr. Cole, who he did not live to perform.” [4]

The architects behind the current house is unknown. [3] The central block was built and various dates from 1730 to 1764 is offered for its construction.It has been attributed to the German architect Richard Castle who worked at the nearby castle Hulme in 1728-9 and Florence Court shares similarities with some of the castle’s other Irish houses. [3] An estate map of 1768 shows the central block, standing alone, which has a heavily framed oculus window (instead of the current pair of windows and large, squat niche) on the second floor. This was a recurring unit in Castle’s work. [3] was involved Castle, dating the initial phase of building for 1730 can be reasonable. On the other hand, Mr Henry account nine years later, not to mention it’s a new house, newly built. Rowan suggests the plans could have been taken up by the castle, but not until much later, pointing to the “old” style of the house; and reflects the “design for all its charms, is far too gauche for [Castle]. [5]

Baroque ornamentation in the library and study at the front of the house seems to date from an earlier period to the rich rococo ornaments in the dining room, lounge and staircase hall on the west side of the house, and the boards of these two rooms differ in width from those elsewhere in house. It is believed that the central block can be implemented in two phases, with rooms at the back of the house, along with the Venetian rooms, complete with in 1764, when John Cole’s son, Lord Mount Florence, held a famous housewarming. [3]

Colonnades and pavilions were built c. 1771 and is attributed to the Italian engineer and architect Davis Ducart. [5] These are built of dressed sandstone as opposed to the reproduced limestone rubble of the central block. The southern and stable laps are Bricklayers Andrew Lambert. In the introduction to Enniskillen Paper suggests that there may have been an additional stage to complete the front we know today, pointed out that the heavily rusticated window dressings may have been “a reflection of a different, less skilful hand”. They are not on the facade that appears on the 1768 estate map; introduction suggests further work may have been “a vain attempt to harmonize [the central block] with the sophisticated cut-stone of the links and pavilions.” [3]

If there was a final stage is a matter of conjecture. 1979 National Trust guidebook points out the similarity between the unusual pedimented door frame at Florence Court in a frame of the now vanished Nixon Hall near Bellanaleck (built c. 1780). [6] Major improvements have been made on the farm c. 1778-1780. Among other garden of the park by William King and his exposition of the new unit, and the construction of the Grand Gates.

Florence Court was the seat of the Earls of Enniskillen to 1973. The 5th Earl of Enniskillen transferred the house and fourteen acres surrounding it to the National Trust in 1953. In 1955, a devastating fire destroyed the upper floors of the house. Sir Albert Richardson was entrusted to lead the National Trust restoration and extensive work has since returned Florence Court to much of its former glory. Some rooms on the upper floors, but remains closed.

Description

The house has exquisite rococo decoration and fine Irish furniture, many pieces acquired for the property of the National Trust and other borrowed from other Irish houses. The majority of the original furnishings were removed when the Cole family moved to Perthshire in 1973 but many were back in the heritage of the Dowager Countess of Enniskillen on her death in 1998.

The house is framed by Benauglin and Cuilcagh hills of a 18th century landscaped park, landscaped c. 1778-1780 by William King. 18th century walled garden (extended in 1870) has a rose garden, rose cottage (the former head gardener home, now let by the National Trust as a vacation), orchards and a working kitchen garden. A working water-powered sawmill standing in the garden, and nearby there is a carpenter’s workshop and Victorian hydraulic cylinder is used to pump water up to the house. The grounds also contain an ice house, eel house bridge and a natural spring well. The pleasure garden contains displays of both temperate and semi-tropical plants, mainly rhododendrons galore.

The Larganess and Finglass rivers flow through the estate, most of which is occupied by pastures and forest, mostly larch. Glenwood Reserve is a semi-natural oak woodland preservation of the forest service near old deer park on the edge of the estate. The most notable trees in the yard is Florence Court Yew, survivors of the two original copies of the Irish Yew (Taxus baccata fastigiata) was discovered in 1764 at nearby Cuilcagh berget.Som the Irish Yew can be propagated only from cuttings, this tree and its sister (who died in the 1860s) are the progenitors of all Irish Yew found worldwide.

glow

Early on the morning of March 22, 1955, a fire broke out on the first floor landing at Florence Court, adjacent to Lady Enniskillen’s [7] bedroom.Although firefighters had almost control the fire by 9:00, dry weather helped re-ignite the fire. Flames reached the roof of the building crashed down the hall, so that by the evening, around two thirds of the Florence Court interior lay in ruins.

Lady Enniskillen, born Mary Cicely Nevill of Marquesses in Abergavenny, discovered the fire, which broke out during one of her husband’s rare absences from home. After rushing down to the servants quarters to raise the alarm, she went to nearby Killymanamly House call older 5th Earl of Enniskillen] (1876-1963), [8] which was the Ulster Club in Belfast, to tell him that the house was on fire. He is said to have shouted, “What the hell do you think I can do about it?”.

A large part of the damage to the interior of Florence Court was caused by gallons of water is pumped on the flames. The dining room, with its exquisite plasterwork decoration, was saved only by the quick action of local builders Bertie Pierce and Ned Vaughan on behalf of Viola Grosvenor, later Duchess of Westminster, drilled six holes in the flat part of the roof to let the water that had accumulated on the floor above to quickly drain away and thereby prevent the roof collapsing. Two of these holes are still evident in the dining room today. [9]

The fire was just one of a series of events in the 1950s and 60s at the Florence Court that marked the end of an era for the house and family. After World War II, falling agricultural prices, rising labor costs, inheritance tax and a drastic reduction in the size of the demesne, the lifestyle of the 5th Earl of Enniskillen and his second wife Mary (née Nevill) was increasingly difficult to maintain. To secure the long term future of the house, Lord Enniskillen gave Florence Court to the National Trust in 1953. It opened to the public the following year.

In 1956, the 5th Lord Enniskillen only son and heir Michael, Viscount Cole,[10] died suddenly aged 36; He was unmarried. 1961, which is the restoration of the house nearing completion, Hurricane Debbieödelade farm. In 1963, the 5th Lord Enniskillen and his wife, Lady Enniskillen, died within three months of each other.

The 5th Earl, at his death, was succeeded by his nephew, Captain David Lowry Cole, MBE (1918-1989), in 1963, which became the Rt. She. The 6th Earl of Enniskillen. David Enniskillen (as he is popularly known) had spent much of his life in the colony of Kenya, having been elected a member of the Legislative Council in Kenya in early 1960, shortly before independence. In 1955, he was divorced from his first wife Sonia (born Syers), step-daughter of his uncle 5th Earl (who died in 1963 with his wife, Sonia’s mother). Through her, he had problems. A son and a daughter [11]

David Enniskillen and his second wife, Nancy, Countess of Enniskillen (born Nancy MacLennan, a former diplomat with the US Foreign Service), moved back to Florence Court, living there from 1964 to 1973. During that year, during the first years of unrest, Earl and Countess of Enniskillen left Florence Court, move over to Kinloch House Kinloch, Perthshire, United Kingdom.David Enniskillen became the last Earl of Enniskillen to actually live in Florence Court. He was succeeded by his only son Andrew, who was the 7th Earl of Enniskillen in 1989. Andrew Enniskillen continues to live on a large estate in Kenya.

Ings

In spring 2012, the BBC filmed parts of Hastings , a television comedy, at Florence Court. Most of the series, however, was filmed at Crom Castle. The series was first broadcast on BBC 1 in January and February, 2013.

References

  1. Jump up ^ Rowan, Alistair, buildings Ireland: Northwest Ulster (Comprising the counties of Londonderry, Donegal, Fermanagh and Tyrone), Penguin, London, 1979 p.299
  2. Jump up ^ http://www.nationaltrustcollections.org.uk/object/631037
  3. ^ Hoppa upp till:a b c d e f“Ennis Papers” (PDF) . Public Record Office i Nordirland . 2007.
  4. Jump up ^ quoted in the parietal Wood, Adrian, County Fermanagh, National Trust, 1998, p.19
  5. ^ Jump up to: ab Rowan, Alistair, buildings Ireland: Northwest Ulster (Comprising the counties of Londonderry, Donegal, Fermanagh and Tyrone), Penguin, London, 1979 p.300
  6. Jump up ^ plate between pages 68 and 69 show similar painting of Nixon Hall, with pedimented door frame and Venetian window above, from Swanzy, Henry Biddall, families, French Belturbet and Nixon in Fermanagh and their descendants, A.Thom & Co. , Dublin 1873
  7. Jump up ^ “- Personal Page 7880”. Thepeerage.com.
  8. Jump up ^ “- Personal Page 7880”. Thepeerage.com.
  9. Hoppa upp^ “Florence Court, County Fermanagh” . Irelandseye.com .
  10. Jump up ^ “- Personal Page 7881”. Thepeerage.com.
  11. Jump up ^ Cracroft-Brennan, Patrick. “Enniskillen, Earl of (Ireland, 1789).” Cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Retrieved January 5, 2013. The Ennis entry is somewhat outdated in depicting Arthur Gerald Cole is still alive in 2013; He died in 2005, and his son, Berkeley is the current heir presumptive.
  1. 50 years ago Fire – An exhibition to celebrate the reconstruction of Florence Court, Print Factory: Enniskillen (not in print)

Lough Erne

Lough Erne or Loch Erne [1] (pronounced / lɒx ɛərn /; lokh airn , from Irish:Loch Éirne ) is the name of two connected lakes in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It is the second largest lake system in Northern Ireland and Ulster, and fourth largest in Ireland. The lakes widened sections of the River Erne, flowing north, and then curves west into the Atlantic. The smaller southern lake called Upper Lough (as it is further up the river) or South Lough. The larger northern lake called Lower Lough and Lough north. The town of Enniskillen is located on the short stretch of the river between the lakes. The lake has 154 islands along with many bays and coves. When windy, navigation on Lower Lough Erne, running for 26 miles almost to the Atlantic, can be something of a challenge with waves of dimensions of the open sea.Shallow Upper Lough Erne, spreading southeast of Enniskillen for about 12 miles, is a maze of islands. [2] The River Erne is 80ml (129 km) [3] long and drains an area of about 4350 km 2 . [4]

Name, mythology and folklore

Lough Erne (Loch Éirne) appear to be named after an ancient population called Érainn, or after a goddess from whom Érainn took its name. [5] Because the tribes are often named after a divine ancestor, TF O’Rahilly suggested that the Érainn took his name of a goddess named Érann and Loch Éirne probably means “lake (goddess) Érann”. [5] O’Rahilly and other researchers have connected the name to Eriu (contemporary Éire), the goddess after which Ireland is called. [5] He writes that the earlier forms of the goddess’s name was Everna / Iverna and Everiu / Iveriu and that both come from “the Indo-European root either , which means movement”. In his view Érann and Eriu would thus seem to mean “she who travel regularly,” declared that “the sun-goddess, the sun was the great celestial traveler”. [5] Alternatively John T. Koch suggest Eriu was a mother goddess whose name comes from an Indo-European root word that means “fat, rich, fertile”. [5]

In Irish mythology and folklore, there are three stories about the lake’s origin.They say that it is named after a mythical woman named Erne, Méabh queen’s lady-in-waiting påCruachan. Erne and her bridesmaids were frightened away from Cruachan when a fearsome giant emerged from the cave Oweynagat. They fled north and drowned in a river or lake, their bodies dissolving become Lough Erne. [6] Patricia Monaghan notes that “the drowning of a goddess in a river is common in Irish mythology and typically represents the dissolution of her divine power to the water, which then gives life to the earth “. [7] another story says that it was formed as a magical spring well spill, [8] similar story of Lough Neagh .The third says that during a battle between Érainn and the army of the high king Fíachu Labrainne, burst it from the ground and drowned Érainn. [8] in Cath Maige Tuired ( “battle of Moytura”), it is listed as one of the twelve main lakes in Ireland. [9]Historically, the lake is also called Loch Saimer ( Samhaoir ). Folklore says that Partholón killed his wife’s favorite dog Saimer-in a fit of jealousy, and the lake was named after it. [10]

Lough Erne is the establishment of a folk tale called “The Story of Conn-eda” or “golden apples Lough Erne,” as shown in the Fairy and Folk Tales of the Irish peasantry (1888) .In the story, Conn-eda goes on a quest to acquire three golden apples, a black horse and a supernatural dog from a city in Lough Erne. The city is governed by a king of the Fir Bolg. [11]

History

Interestingly Fermanagh fled the potato blight disease during the great famine better than any other county, the county had so many islands. The potato blight had difficulty traveling over water, compared with the light transmission across the green hills and fields of most of Ireland. Those Erne islands produced surprising amounts of potatoes (the staple food of the island, from 1845 to 1849), while the mainland was largely starving in comparison. [ Citation needed ] The Annals of Ulster was written in the late 15th century on Belle Isle, an island in upper Lough Erne.

During World War II, RAF Castle Archdale was based on Lough Erne, is an important air base for the Battle of the Atlantic and the fight against the U boats. A secret agreement with the Irish Government is allowed to fly boats based there to fly directly to the Atlantic, avoiding the two-hour detour that would have been necessary for aircraft based in Northern Ireland.

In November 2012 it was announced that the Lough Erne Resort, a hotel on the south shore of Lower Lough would host the 39th G8 summit. [12]

Geography

Islands

The lakes contain many small islands and peninsulas, which is also called “islands” because of the very intricate shoreline and as many of them were the islands before the two major drainage systems in the 1880s and 1950s as the water level fell by about 1.5 meters. Islands

Islands in the lower lake include Boa Island, Cleenishmeen Island, Crevinishaughy Island, Cruninish Island, Devenish Island, Ely Island, Goat Island, Horse Island, Inish Doney, Inish Fovar, Inish Lougher, Inish Further, Inis Rath, Inishmacsaint, Inishmakill, Lustybeg Iceland, Lustymore Island and White Island.

Those in the upper lake include Bleanish Island, Dernish Island, Inishcorkish, Inishcrevan, Inishfendra, Inishleague, Inishlught, Inishturk, Killygowan Island, Naan Island and Trannish. Several of the islands are privately owned, and sometimes come out in the open market. In 2007 Inishturk on the market at a price of £ 695,000. [13] In 2012 Inisliroo went on the market at a price of £ 600,000. [14]

Sea islands is the most important Irish stronghold of scarce Garden Warbler.

Administration

Waterways Ireland, a cross-border organization, set up under the Belfast Agreement in 1999, is responsible for navigation on the Erne system, as well as the island of Ireland’s second fairways.

Rivers Agency, an executive agency within the Northern Ireland Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, remains the owner of the bed and foreshore and manages water levels within the ranges specified in the Erne Drainage and Development Act (1950). Drainage system was designed by Percy Shepherd. Water level control in connection with the Electricity Supply Board (ESB) in Ireland under the terms of a contract in 1950 when the river Erne was used for hydroelectric power generation. The agreement requires that the levels are kept in Upper Lough between 150 ft and 154 ft (April to September) … / 155 feet (October to March), and Lower Lough between 147 ft and 152 ft. . [15] These levels relate to the Irish grid zero at Poolbeg lighthouse and are in imperial units feet.

Water levels in the Upper and Lower Lough Erne are managed by a control structures at Portora in Enniskillen and the hydroelectric power plant at Cliff between Belleek and Ballyshannon in Ireland. During the summer period the aim is to keep the water level in the steam down the side of Portora, at or above 150 ft. To avoid the need for gates closed requires use of the navigational lock. This is to prevent restrictions to boat traffic with the help of navigation facilities in the peak tourist season.

Quick draw down of water levels in the Upper Lough prevented by the limited capacity of the inter-Lough channel section. This means that the Rivers Agency must anticipate significant inflows by pulling down loughs to ensure storage flood there. In November 2009, the Erne system experienced a major flood. [16] Water levels were the highest recorded since the changes in the system in the 1950s.

The Erne rivers Rivers Trust is a trust NGOs are trying to help maintain clean water in Lough Erne catchment for all the flora and fauna.

Sports and Tourism

Lough Erne is a particularly scenic waterway, known for its beautiful environment. The area is popular for fishing and water sports, water skiing, boating and wakeboarding are among the most popular stretch of water at the side of Broadmeadow, Enniskillen has hosted stages of the World Waterski World Cup annually since 2005, and in 2007, a pro wakeboard competition ” Wakejam “hosted by Erne Wakeboard Club (EWC) after successful national wakeboard competitions during the previous years.Canoeing is also a popular recreational sport in the Erne.

Lough Erne Yacht Club is based in Gublusk Bay. The Lough Erne Regatta is Ireland’s oldest event for racing under sail, with a lineage beyond 1820. [17]The RNLI has an inner lifeboats and rescue watercraft based on Gublusk with an additional station on Carrybridge on the Upper Lake.

The Lough Erne Golf & Hotel Resort opened in October 2007 by Irish businessman Jim Treacy. It is located on a 600-acre peninsula between Castle Hume Lough and Lower Lough Erne. On 12 May 2011 it was announced that the Castle Hume Leisure Limited – owner of the hotel – had gone into administration. And in May 2011, its future is uncertain [18]

The area also Lough Erne Challenge, a golf tournament.

Lough Erne Resort will also host the 2017 (golf) Irish Open golf tournament.[19] [20]

Transport

A channel, the Shannon-Erne waterway running between the top end of the River Shannon and River Erne, which boat movements from the Shannon Estuary in southwest Ireland, by West Midlands in the country, across the north and out to the Atlantic again (even if the last section of the Atlantic side of Belleek is not navigable).

The section of the Ulster Canal connects Lough Erne to Clones planned for navigation restored by Waterways Ireland.

Gallery

  • Lower Lough Erne.
  • Upper Lough Erne.
  • Upper Lough Erne Panorama.
  • Lough Erne from the International Space Station (bottom right).

See also

  • List of Loughs in Ireland

References

  1. Jump up ^ See Google Books, for example, published online.
  2. Jump up ^ “Lough Erne”. Geographia – Original Official Site of the Northern Ireland Tourist Board. Retrieved 28 February 2009.
  3. Jump up ^ Notes on watersheds Page 67
  4. Jump up ^ http://library.nics.gov.uk/pdf/dard/2011/EBNL.pdf
  5. ^ Jump up to: abcde Roulston, William J. Fermanagh: History and Society .Geography Publications, 2004. pp.577-578.
  6. Jump up ^ Monaghan, Patricia. The Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology and Folklore . Infobase Publishing, 2004. pp.160, 319
  7. Jump up ^ Monaghan, p.27
  8. ^ Jump up to: ab Wakeman, William Frederick. Lough Erne, Enniskillen, Belleek, Ballyshannon and Bundoran . 1870. pp.72-73
  9. Jump up ^ Augusta, Lady Gregory. Part I of Book III: the great battle of Magh Tuireadh. Gods and Fighting Men (1904) on Sacred-Texts.com.
  10. Jump up ^ Michael O’Cleary. The Annals of Ireland by the Four Masters translated into English by Owen Connellan.
  11. Jump up ^ “The Story of Conn-eda, or golden apples Lough Erne.” Fairy and Folk Tales of the Irish peasantry (1888). Sacred-Texts.com.
  12. Jump up ^ Mason, Rowena (November 20, 2012). “David Cameron: Northern Ireland hosted the G8 summit in Enniskillen”. The Telegraph.London. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
  13. Jump up ^ BBC News
  14. Jump up ^ “Inisliroo Island in County Fermanagh offered for sale”. BBC News. 2 May 2012.
  15. Jump up ^ http://www.doeni.gov.uk/…/emcsg-19feb2008-controllinglevelsofloughern
  16. Jump up ^ “Fermanagh suffer worst ever floods.” Belfast Telegraph.
  17. Jump up ^ “History of LEYC”. Lough Erne Yacht Club website. Retrieved 2011-05-18.
  18. Jump up ^ “Lough Erne resort must be a” going concern, “says Foster.”BBC News Online. 13 May 2011. Taken 2011-05-18.
  19. Jump up ^ “Northern Ireland hosted the Irish Open in 2015 and 2017 – the European Tour.” Www.europeantour.com. European Tour Official Website. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  20. Jump up ^ “Latest: Lough Erne Resort” honored “to host the 2017 Irish Open.” Fermanagh Herald. 3 April 2014. Retrieved July 29, 2014.

The Marble Arch Caves

The Marble Arch Caves are a series of natural limestone caves located near the village of Florence Court in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. The caves are named after the nearby Marble Arch, a natural limestone arch at the upstream end of Cladagh Glen Cladagh under which the river flows. [3]

The caves are formed from three rivers that drain off the northern slopes of the mountain Cuilcagh, which combines underground to form Cladagh. On the surface, the river emerges from the largest karst resurgence in Ireland, and one of the largest in the UK. [4] At the 11.5 km (7.1 mi) Marble Arch Caves form the longest known cave system in Northern Ireland, [1] and Karst considered among the finest in the British Isles. [5]

The history of exploration

18-19th century

Marble Arch, Cladagh River boom and three large dolines on the plateau above the end of Cladagh Glen were all known long before the underground exploration began; in fact, the arch was a popular tourist attraction in the 19th century. [6] As early as the 1730s, Reverend William Henry described these features, as well as the diversion of Owenbrean, Aghinrawn and Sruh Croppa rivers which he guessed to be feeders of the system . [7]

Without venturing far into the cave, Henry descended to the base of one of the dolines above the resurgence:

The arc of my head was 20 feet high, continued with a small landing for 100 yards to other large pit, the light that I could observe the river flowing gently along …

– Rev. William Henry, a natural history of the church in Killesher (1732) [7]

The stream passes at the base of each hook hole first explored by Édouard-Alfred Martel and Dublin kind Lyster Jameson 1895. [8] With the help of a canvas boat and light ochmagnesium torches to light, Martel and Jameson 300 meters (1,000 ft) passages [ 9] , including the intersection where the three rivers (the Owenbrean and the combined Aghinrawn and Sruh Croppa) meet.[nb 1] [3] they drew a map of the discoveries and drawings depicting the expedition, noting upstream conclusion by boat in the Grand Gallery and on foot in the pool house. [9] today, this road to the pool department is included in the walking part of the show cave. [6]

Martel and Jameson also investigated Cradle Hole, a very large area hook hole 400 meters ( 1 / four mi) south-south-west of Marble Arch. A cave entrance in the northeast corner-Lower Cradle-examined and reached an underground river and passages with the same proportions as the Marble Arch Cave. [9]

1907-1908

1907, English cavers from Yorkshire Ramblers’ Club began exploration in the area, and without access to a boat they decided to wade the part of the underground river as far as The Junction, then reaches the extent of Martel and Jameson’s explorations. [11] Strengthened by the experience , and good opportunities to further discoveries, Yorkshire Ramblers back in Easter 1908, a group of cavers descended a pit close to the big dolines on the plateau and discovered the big Boulder house. After a couple of hours to explore, they realized that they had found a new way into the pool area beyond the deep water of the original input. [3]

During the 1908 explorations, Yorkshire Ramblers conducted tests to determine the hydrological linkages between caves. They performed a dye tracing experiments with fluorescein, establishing a direct water connection from Aghinrawn River descend on Monastir cut through the upper Cradle Hole Cave (located on the south side of the Cradle Hole), to Cladagh Glen boost. [3] While surveying lower Cradle Hole Cave, sent a caver a floating candle downstream along the river, until it flowed under a low ceiling out of sight at the end of the famous passage. On the plot surveyed passage on a map along the Marble Arch Cave, it was evident that only 9 meters (30 feet) separated at the end of this passage from the upstream end of the Grand Gallery, and it was assumed that a connection between the two might be forged. [3] [12]

1935-1938

No further exploration was done until Easter 1935 when another group from Yorkshire Ramblers’ Club made its way from England. [13] In wet conditions, cavers reintroduced pool chamber via the entrance there in 1908, and after some investigation found a high level scanning passage leaving the chamber.The passage ended high in the wall in the New department, a cave of considerable size, which continued upstream of the river found. Exploration stopped here because the water was too deep to cross. [13]

The club returned to New Department in 1936 to investigate and map the ongoing Skreen Hill crossing, named after the hill on the surface above.After 370 meters (1,200 ft) Walking passage, the cavers stopped at a deep sea.[14] This part of the deep water is where the path of the current show cave ends. [6] When club members back again in 1938, they brought enuppblåsbar inflatable boat, so that they can go on the lake, only to discover that the way was blocked by the sump 1, only 40 meters (132 feet) from the beach. [15]

During the expedition in 1935 another group of cavers explored Cradle Lower Hole Cave. To reach the downstream end of the cave, they discovered that the water level was now low enough to see a series of low arches above the water surface. By anchoring a floating light halfway through the passage, leaving the cave and returns to the end of the Grand Gallery of Marble Arch Cave, cavers confirmed that the passages were connected; Then two of the party swam by making the first through-trip between Marble Arch Cave and Lower Cradle Hole Cave. [13]

1966-1967

In the mid-1960s, some progress had been made in cave diving, by which method the spelunkers had extended their explorations of the caves beyond the marshes that normally would have stopped progress. In December 1966 diver Dave Cobley and Mike Boon made preparations to dive sump 1 in Skreen Hill passage. Before the dive, however, they examined a small dry passage that leads out on the left bank of the lake, to find the way blocked by the unstable boulders in the ceiling. The cavers out of the blocks to reveal a way that led through a dry road to the far side of the sump 1. [16] The new 200-meter (660-foot) section of the river crossing by elected Skreen Hill 2, and more 800 meters ( 1 / 2 mi) inlet channel named Legnabrocky Way.Ett remarkable feature of Legnabrocky Way is the Giant Hall, a large chamber 60 meters long, 30 meters high and 15 meters wide (200 × 98 × 49 ft). [6] Despite that only carries a small stream is Legnabrocky Way majority of the passage of Marble Arch Cave. [17]

Upstream continuation of the river in Skreen Hill 2 was found to be short blocked by sump 3, so in March 1967 a group of divers returned to try to further exploration. William Frakes and John Ogden was the first to successfully pass 25 meters (82 feet) Sump achieving Skreen Hill 3, 640 meters (2,100 ft) of the “grand current passage” ends in block collapse. [16] [17]In the following months a comprehensive survey was made of all the Marble Arch Caves, including the newly discovered parts. During this time, surveyors learned of the deaths in Frakes, Ogden and Colin Vickers other divers in the original team in Moss Dale Caverns accident. In tribute, has a number of functions cave Skreen Hill 3 named for the three cavers. [16]

1995

Three deaths occurred in January 1995 when members of a party of ten drowned after being swept away by the fast flowing water in low airspace portion of the passage between the Lower Cradle Hole and Grand Gallery. [18]

2009-2010

In 2009 and 2010 diving connections were made to the nearby cave systems by Artur Kozłowski, first-Prod’s Pot – Cascades Rising doubling the total length of the system 4.5-9 km (2.8 to 5.6 mi), [19] -and then to the newly formed Monastir Sink – Upper Cradle system [20] . expand Marble Arch system to 11.5 km (7.1 mi) [21] . discovery makes this the longest cave in Northern Ireland [1]

Hydrology and development

Marble Arch Cave system formed mainly by three rivers that drain off Marlbank area on the north side of the mountain Cuilcagh. From west to east, these tributaries are Sruh Croppa, the Aghinrawn (or Monastir) ochOwenbrean. [Nb 1] [6]

Prod pot – Cascades Ascending part of the system (connected to the Marble Arch Caves 2009) [19] has a complex hydrology that include drainage from at least five small basin on the eastern Marlbank (Gortmaconnell Pot, Little Gortmaconnell Pot, Smokey Mountain Sink and two unnamed basin Brookfield has been traced to dye Cascades); parts of Owenbrean River upstream head drop on Pollasumera; and especially Goat Pot, Pot Aghatirourke, Pigeon Pots and Badger Pot East Cuilcagh, nearly three kilometers (1.9 mi) to the east. [22] Of these goat Pot and Aghatirourke Pot also has been traced to Tullyhona Rising (1.5 kilometers (0.93 mi) east-southeast of the Cascades Rising); Dove Pots, Badger Pot and Aghatirourke Pot flow also Gortalughany Rising (an overflow rises at East Cuilcagh); and Badger Pot and Pigeon Pots also stream the Shannon Pot on the far western slopes Cuilcagh. [23]

Visa grotta

A part of the cave passage and walkway in Showcave.

Édouard-Alfred Martel first postulated to Marble Arch Cave would make a worthy show cave after first examining the system in 1895. [9] But it was not until 1982 that finally began the work of creating a new underground tourist attraction. [24] The development includes:

  • Building concrete and metal walkways with railings throughout the show cave, [25]
  • Installation of electric lighting, [25]
  • A new tunnel between the pool area and the New Chamber provides walking access to Skreen Hill passages;
  • An access shaft and staircase in Skreen Hill passage from one of the large surface dolines on the plateau;
  • A short section of road walls dug in the floor of the cave, under a low ceiling of ‘Moses Walk’ is so called because the river continues to shoulder height either side of the road, [8]
  • A visitor center, parking lot and access road on the surface. [25]

Covers a small part of the system, the Marble Arch Caves show cave was opened to the public May 29, 1985. [24] Visitors traveling through the first part of the caves by boat on underground Cladagh River, before you go through the rest of the chambers. [26]

Between 1985 and 2008 show cave attracted about 1 million visitors from 100 countries around the world. [27] Annual capacity visitors (during the period that the cave is open from March to September) is 94,060. [25]

European / Global Geopark status

Main article: Marble Arch Caves Global Geopark

In 2001, the caves and the nearby Cuilcagh Mountain Park joined to become a European Geopark under the name of the Marble Arch Caves European Geopark, the first park in the UK to be recognized by the European Geoparks Network (EGN). [26] The distribution was partly due to the presence the caves themselves, and even the rare blanket bog which covers a large area of the mountains. Under an agreement between EGN and UNESCOgeovetenskaper division in 2004, [28] the park was part of the Global Network of National Geoparks (GGN) system and was named the Marble Arch Caves Global Geopark. In 2008 the park boundaries were extended over the border into parts of County Cavan in Ireland, making it the first international Geopark in the world. [29]

Questions conservation

The cutting of the turf has led to damage in the area. Extensive drainage in parts of the bog has damaged the bog’s ability to retain water, resulting in floods and unusually high water levels in caves downstream. [31] This has hampered tourism in the past, especially in 1989, when the effects of such damage affects the cave water levels were first apparent. [31] As a safety precaution, peat cutting has been banned in the wider Geopark. In addition, more than 1,200 small dams have been introduced over the moors to slow the water flow and stimulate the growth of new bog. [32]

Another problem is that the human impact can cause the limestone damaged or eroded. In a particular case in 1984, a group of vandals broke into the show cave before it opened to the public, and threw stones at some of calcite formations around the entrance. Many small stalactites have withdrawn to their bases, while the tip of the largest stalactite cave in the show (over 2 meters [6.6 feet] in length) [30] was carved. This tip fell on a sandbank on the cave floor, where it picked up the next day by a worker. It is then sent to the Ulster Museum in Belfast where a calcite resin specially produced and then used to hold back the tip of its original position. [33]

See also

  • Cuilcagh Mountain Park
  • Cladagh Glen Nature Reserve
  • List of caves in the UK
  • Category: Caves of Northern Ireland

Notes

  1. ^ Jump up to: ab Ordnance Survey maps of the area mistakenly label the rivers west-east as “Sruh Croppa”, “Owenbrean or Monastir” and leave the easternmost river nameless. Early reports of cave exploration at Cuilcagh Mountain use the naming convention, while recent publications use the right local names Sruh Croppa, Aghinrawn (or Monastir) and Owenbrean. [6] [10]

References

  1. ^ Jump up to: abc “N Ireland – Longest caves”. Retrieved 2010-12-17.
  2. Jump up ^ “Access”. Speleological Union of Ireland. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
  3. ^ Hoppa upp till:a b c d e. Brodrick, Harold (1909) “The Florence Court Caves: Co Fermanagh” . Yorkshire Ramblers ‘Club Journal. Leeds Yorkshire Ramblers ‘Club . 3 (9): 49-65 . Hämtad 24 juli 2012 .
  4. ^ Jump up to: ab “Marlbank-Cuilcagh Mountain Region, Marble Arch Karst – full report.” Earth Science Conservation Review. Northern Ireland Environment Agency. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
  5. Jump up ^ Williams, P. W. (1970). “Limestone morphology in Ireland”.In Stephens, N.; Glassock, RE Irish geographical studies .Queens University of Belfast. pp. 105-124. Geomorphological knowledge of Marble Arch Upland and indeed all other upland karst in this part of Ireland is extremely poor which is surprising since Karst is among the finest in the British Isles. [4]
  6. ^ Jump up to: abcdef Jones, Gareth Ll.; Burns, Poppy; Fogg, Tim; Kelly, John (1997). The caves in Fermanagh and Cavan (2nd ed.). Lough Nilly Press.pp. 79-84. ISBN 0-9531602-0-3.
  7. ^ Jump up to: ab Henry, Rev. William ‘(7 Jan 1732) A. “A Natural History of the church in Killesher by Rev’d William Henry, principal of it.” Armagh Public Library Manuscripts MS GI14. Quoted in Barrie, Peter (October 2014). “These infernal labyrinths: William Henry 1730s accounts Fermanagh caves”. Irish Speleology. Speleological Union of Ireland. 21 .ISSN 0332-4907.
  8. ^ Jump up to: ab “Welcome to the Marble Arch Caves European Geopark” (PDF). Fermanagh District Council. Hämtas2010-04-21.
  9. ^ Jump up to: abcd Martel, É.-A. . (1897) “British Caves and Caving”. The geographic Journal. X (5) :. 500-511 doi: 10.2307 / 1774383. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  10. Jump up ^ “Marlbank-Cuilcagh Mountain Region, Marble Arch Karst – Summary”. Earth Science Conservation Review. Northern Ireland Environment Agency. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
  11. Jump up ^ Brodrick, Harold (1908). “Some caves and pot-holes in County Fermanagh.” Yorkshire Ramblers ‘Club Journal .Leeds Yorkshire Ramblers’ Club. 2 (8): 291-305. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  12. Hoppa upp^Brodrick, Harold (1909). “The Marble Arch Caves, County Fermanagh: main stream [ sic ] serien” . Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy . Royal Irish Academy . 27 (B): 183-192 . Hämtad 29 juli 2012 .
  13. ^ Jump up to: abc . Gowing, GS (1936) “The Underground course of Monastir River”. Yorkshire Ramblers ‘Club Journal .Leeds: Yorkshire Ramblers’ Club. 6 (22): 320-328. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  14. Jump up ^ Gowing, GS (1938). “Ireland reconsidered: caves in the north and south.” Yorkshire Ramblers’ Club Journal. Leeds: Yorkshire Ramblers’ Club. 7 (23): 43-51. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  15. Hoppa upp^Roberts, EE (1947). “Den Ennis Gondoliers” . Yorkshire Ramblers ‘Club Journal . Leeds: Yorkshire Ramblers ‘Club . 7 (24): 144-152 . Hämtad 24 juli 2012 .
  16. ^ Jump up to: abc Holgate, Hugh (December 1967). “Some recent discoveries in the Marble Arch Caves”. The Irish Caver: Irish Caving Club Newsletter. 2 : 3-11.
  17. ^ Jump up to: ab “Marble Arch Karst, Marble Arch Cave”. Earth Science Conservation Review. National Museums Northern Ireland .Hämtad 21 December 2012.
  18. Jump up ^ “Summary of incidents in 1995” (PDF).Www.caverescue.org.uk. British Cave Rescue Council. Hämtasoch 31 August 2014.
  19. ^ Jump up to: ab Report of the connection between Marble Arch and Prod’s Pot / cascades systems in 2009. Hell & High Water
  20. Jump up ^ Monastir Sink – Upper Cradle connection in 2010. Hell & High Water
  21. Jump up ^ Report of the connection between Marble Arch and Upper Cradle of 2010. Hell & High Water
  22. Hoppa upp^ “Marlbank-Cuilcagh Mountain Region, Prod s Pot – Cascades Rising Area” . Geovetenskap Conservation Review . Nordirland miljöbyrån . Hämtad 22 december 2012 .
  23. Jump up ^ Jones et al. , 1997, p. 60-61
  24. ^ Jump up to: ab . Dane, Lily (13 May 2010) “25 years on, caves still a cultural mecca for tourists and students’ .Impartialreporter.com.Reporter impartiality. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  25. ^ Jump up to: abcd “sustainability”. Bbc.co.uk. BBC Online. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  26. ^ Jump up to: ab “Marble Arch Caves Global Geopark – IRELAND”.European Geoparks Network. Taken 21 december2012.
  27. Jump up ^ a program to expand the Marble Arch Caves European Geopark on an international basis in Cavan in Ireland (PDF) (Report).Fermanagh District Council, Cavan County Council. 2008. A.3. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  28. Jump up ^ “The organization – Introduction”. European Geoparks Network. Pulled 01/23/2009.
  29. Jump up ^ “Geopark News: The Worlds First International Geopark”.Fermanagh District Council. In 2008. Hämtad2009 / 01 / 22nd
  30. ^ Jump up to: ab Fermanagh Lakelands tourism. Marble Arch Caves Global Geopark. YouTube. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  31. ^ Jump up to: ab “Peat / peat-cutting.” Doeni.gov.uk. Northern Ireland Environment Agency. 31 December 2010. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
  32. Jump up ^ “Cave Formation: Restoration of Cuilcagh Mountain Park”.Bbc.co.uk. BBC Online. Taken 20 december2012.
  33. Jump up ^ “Marble Arch Caves Stal repairs”. Caves and caving. British Cave Research Association (36).

St Macartin’s Cathedral, Enniskillen

St Macartin’s Cathedral, Enniskillen is one of two cathedral churches in the diocese of Clogher (the other being St Macartan’s Cathedral, Clogher) in the Church of Ireland. It stands on a hill overlooking the town of Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland in the ecclesiastical province of Armagh. .

It was completed in 1842 as St. Anne’s Parish Church but was reopened as St.Macartin’s Cathedral in 1923. It includes parts of an earlier church building and has a 150-foot (45 m) tower and spire. The tower houses a peal of ten bells, which can also chimed to play songs. The three manual organ consists of thirty-speaking stops, along with the entire pedal and swell box.

The dean and chapter of Clogher have their stalls in the cathedral and even higher Cathedral of Clogher.

History

The first church building on the site was completed around 1627 as part of the original building in the town of Enniskillen. By 1832 the building had become structurally unsafe and was replaced by the current building, which was completed in 1842. The sanctuary was enlarged 1889th

In 1923 the church was reopened as St Macartin’s Cathedral, and thus become the second cathedral of Clogher diocese. It is complete with stalls in the choir of the Dean and Chapter of Clogher. The present organ was installed in 1936 by Peter Conacher and Company and built by Abbey Organ Company in the early 1990s. In 1964, a suite of new halls along with a conference room was added and in 1970 a part of the nave was converted into regimental chapel Inniskilling regiments.

On 26 June 2012, Queen Elizabeth II attended a thanksgiving service at the cathedral for her Diamond Jubilee. The service was led by Kenneth Hall, the Dean of Clogher, applicants address was given by Alan Harper, the Anglican Archbishop of Armagh and the lesson was read by Peter Robinson, First Minister of Northern Ireland. The prayers of intercession were read by Ken Lindsay, chairman of the Methodist Church in Ireland; Cardinal Seán Brady, Archbishop of Armagh and Dr. Roy Patton, moderator of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland. [1] After the service, the Queen made the short walk to St Michael’s Catholic Church where she met with representatives of local community groups. This was the first time she had visited a Catholic church in Northern Ireland. [2]

See also

  • Dean of Clogher

References

  1. Jump up ^ “HM Queen Elizabeth II Attends Diamond Jubilee thanksgiving service at St Macartin’s Cathedral”.Www.anglicannews.org. Anglican Office. 26 June 2012. Hämtad26 June 2014.
  2. Jump up ^ Rayner, Gordon (26 June 2012). “Queen visits the Catholic Church in Northern Ireland”. Www.telegraph.co.uk. Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 26 June 2014.

Enniskillen Castle

Enniskillen Castle is located in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It was originally built in the 16th century and now houses Fermanagh County Museum and the regimental museum of the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards.

History

The first Enniskillen Castle was built in this place by Hugh Maguire in the 16th century. [1] It featured heavily in the Irish rebellion against English rule in the 16th century and was taken after an eight-day siege in 1594. In 1607 it was rebuilt and renovated by captain William Cole. Riverside Tower in the south, known as Watergate, was added at this time. In the 18th century the castle was built as a castle Barracks.

Features

The castle provided the main defense of the western part of the city and guarded Sligo road. It consists of two parts, a central tower and keep a defensive wall that was reinforced with small tower called Bartizans. [1] The design of the castle has strong Scottish influence. This can be particularly seen in Watergate having two corbelled circular Tourelles probably built about 1609. [2] Since then substantially increased. It is a State Care Historic Monument. [1]

Fermanagh County Museum

The castle is now home to the Fermanagh County Museum, which focuses on the county’s history, culture and natural history. Exhibits include the area’s prehistory, natural history, traditional rural life, local crafts and Belleek Pottery, and the history of the castle.

Inniskillings Museum

The castle also houses Inniskillings Museum, which is the regimental museum of the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Displays include uniforms, medals, flags, regimental regalia, weapons and other military memorabilia.

  • The courtyard of the castle
  • Reconstruction of the castle
  • The barracks were built within the walls

See also

  • Castles in Northern Ireland

References 

  1. ^ Jump up to: abc “Enniskillen Castle” (PDF). Environment and Heritage Service NI – State Care of historical monuments. Pulled 03/12/2007.
  2. Jump up ^ O’Neill, B (ed). (2002). Irish castles and historic houses.London: Caxton Editions. p. 17.
  • Fermanagh County Museum – Enniskillen Castle

Castle Coole

Castle Coole (from Irish: CUL [1] ) is a townland and a late 18th century neo-classical mansion is located in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. Located in a 1,200-acre (490 hectare) wooded property, it is one of three properties owned and managed by the National Trust in County Fermanagh, the other is Florence Court and Crom Estate.

The townland, which is 529 acres (214 hectares) in size, [2] is located in the parish of Derryvullan, in the historical barony of Tirkennedy, [2] and Fermanagh and Omagh districts.

History

Castle Coole estate was bought in 1656 by the Belfast merchant John Corry, grandfather of the first Earl. The farm is named after Lough Coole (from Irish Gaelic Cúil , “seclusion”), a lake surrounded by hills Killynure. An Ráth here and Crannog on Lough Coole itself are reminders of the area has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Other lakes on the estate include Lough Yoan and Brendrum Lough.

The site of a 17th century building Bawn and the formal garden at Castle Coole (grid ref: H2574 4333) planned historical monuments. [3]

Castle Coole was constructed between 1789 and 1798 as a summer retreat of Armar Lowry-Corry, 1st Earl Belmore. Lord Belmore was Member of Parliament for County Tyrone in the former Irish Houses of Parliament in Dublin and a wealthy heir to 70,000 acres (28,000 ha) of land in the whole of Ireland, acquired by the ancestors with a successful background in merchantry. The proceeds of the estates allowed Castle Coole be built at a cost of £ 57,000 in 1798, equivalent to about £ 20 million today. The localization of the comparatively small 1,200-acre (490 hectare) property in County Fermanagh was mainly because of its unspoilt rural location and natural beauty amid ancient oak woods and small lakes, but close to the market town of Enniskillen for the domestic workforce necessary for a large mansion. In addition, many smaller family homes built at Castle Coole estate before the mansion, including a residence of King James the period (later deliberately destroyed in a fire) and a Queen Anne house built 1709th

After the passage in 1800 of the Act of Union, act politically unite Britain and Ireland, the family moved from their main residence – a small terraced house in Sackville Street, Dublin – Castle Coole, as a reason for living in Dublin, to be close to Parliament, no longer apply.

In 1951, the 7th Earl Belmore transferred mansion to the National Trust, prompted by two sets of death duties or inheritance tax when the 5th and 6th Earl Belmore died without problems 18 months. But the contents of the mansion, including the cost today is shown to visitors, remains the property of the Earl Belmore. National Trust mansion open to visitors during the summer months, and the farm can be visited year round. Between 1980 and 1988, the mansion was closed to the public while the National Trust did major restoration work, including dismantling the façade to replace metal anchor that holds the stone in place, because they corrode. This was done with such sensitivity and care that today weathered stone looking quite undisturbed. To celebrate the reopening, the Queen Mother was invited to Castle Coole. As part of the transfer of ownership of the National Trust there is an agreement to Earl Belmore maintains an apartment in S wing, currently used by his heir and familj.Earl himself lives in a small house elsewhere on the farm.

Architecture

Neo-classical in architectural style, Castle Coole was the work of two Georgian period architects who do not cooperate. Richard Johnston, an Irish architect, originally ordered and finished basement. Johnston rejected in favor of the popular and fashionable English architect James Wyatt, who, instead of starting anew, began where Johnston ended and finished the mansion in the same footprint. Wyatt followed closely on the Neo-classical ideals restraint, symmetry and careful proportion, with architectural details carefully peeled. An Ionic portico and the flanking Doric colonnaded wings extend either end of the main block of the house. [4] Wyatt probably never visited the place and sent the blueprints for the house from London. The very fine and varied plaster ceilings were all the work of the English artist Joseph Rose.

Notable aspects of the mansion include a restrained but impressive Portland stone facades and sober portico with Ionic capitals striking. Inside are more restrained splendor with entrance boasts four massive scagliolakolumner. A double-return cantilever staircase leads to an unusual double height drawing room on the first floor that rises an additional floor with a bedroom gallery overlooks. Both spaces are richly decorated in scagliola columns meddoriska of diminishing scale from lower to higher.

Wyatt also designed some of the most important furniture in the mansion.Such architect designed the Neo-classical pieces left in the situation that they are intended are rare, much of their aesthetic value due to their survivors in the original location. Other furniture was placed by the second Earl, when the Regency style was in vogue and later generations, so that the interior appearance today is many layers, not just the neo-classical.

A state bedroom, made in 1821 for King George IV (unused by the king, who failed to arrive), retains the original furnishings, state bed and flock wallpaper. A salon decorated in a French Empire style, a Greek staircase hall, and a lady office decorated in a Chinese style reflects the importance of worldly knowledge and awareness during the Regency period. Family motives, engraved Italian marble chimney pieces and decorate the plaster frieze of the reception, reflecting the first Earl pride in his family arv.Rummen in the mansion garden front overlooks Lough Coole.

service areas

There is an extensive cellar under the house and extends slightly below the adjacent NW lawns. This is below the soil surface is partially restored and open to the public and contains the kitchen, servants’ room, pantries, wine cellar, laundry a Roman-style plunge tubs, a brewery and other offices.Castle Coole has no above ground and avstigningsdörr.Wyatt tried to give the impression – often pursued by Neo-classical architects – a perfect composition of old proportionate principles, isolated in a “natural” landscape. So externally, practical offices that support the house are all accessed by a long sloping tunnel from the stable yard (80 m) 260 meters, so that artisans, officials and property of staff approached and left the house unseen, with the architect’s Neo-classical ideal composition above-ground remains seemingly undisturbed day to day operations.

Numerous out-buildings can be found in the yard; the interest lodges, “Grand Inn”, workshops, stables, a “sebum House” (originally used for candle-making, now a gift shop and reception. The entrance to the service tunnel to the house is adjacent to the “Grand Courtyard”

Estate

A large part of the native oak, ash and beech planting of landscape park remains, grazed in the day by cattle and sheep as originally intended. A significant part of the estate has historically given over to agriculture and allow for local farmers, a practice that continues today. Part of the Southwest has been Enniskillen Golf Club, and here the original planting compromised by mode golf course design. To the southeast part of the estate was sold for Killyevlin Industrial Estate.
A “ha-ha” – that is, a trench to control the movement of animals without visual interruptions in the landscape as a result of a fence or a wall – can be found near the mansion. Vestigial remnants of the previous extensive parterre of earlier Baroque houses can be seen in the park, but are difficult to discern today, despite interpretation panels installed by the National Trust.

Family

The Belmore earldom is named after the nearby Belmore Mountain, 7 miles (11 km) west of Enniskillen. Corry had hoped to be named Earl of Enniskillen, until that title was given to the Cole family at Florence Court .Although the origin of Corry side of the family can be found in Belfast, there is more uncertainty with Lowry side. The Lowry may have originally been from Dumfries in Scotland.

As a member of the peerage of Ireland, the Earl of Belmore had a place in the Irish House of Lords until 1801, when the kingdom of Ireland merged in Britain. The second and fourth Earls then sat in the upper house vidWestminster as representative peers.

The labor force

As most employed Castle Coole about 90 employees, both indoors and outdoors. In the basement of the mansion was entirely the domain of indoor staff and accommodation for outside staff is mainly found in the buildings surrounding the Grand Courtyard. During the early stages of the mansion’s history when the main residence Belmore family was in Dublin, a caretaker staff 5-10 employees remained in the mansion while the family was away.This may help explain the excellent condition of the mansion today;continuous coating prevented decay and may have helped to prevent major disasters, such as fires.

As in many mansions, a hierarchy among employees formed. Head Cook, for example, had a two-bedroom apartment above the heat in the kitchen.Butler also had a personal apartment. A boot boy on the other hand, had shared accommodation with other lower rank scaffolding employees.

New in 2006

Castle Coole re-opened to the public for the 2006 season on 17 March. A new design of the Victorian bedroom layout is celebrating four years of Australian influence at Castle Coole. Somerset Lowry-Corry, the 4th Earl Belmore, was conservative governor of New South Wales 8 January 1868 served until 23 February 1872. At the Government House, Sydney, was the 4th Earl’s first son was born May 1, 1870 that would later becoming the 5th Earl Belmore. Lady Belmore found summer climate in Sydney oppressive and despite frequent retreats to Moss Vale, concern about the health of his wife calls Lord Belmore retiring his governor 26 June 1871 allows Belmore family to return to Castle Coole following year. Belmore Park, Sydney and Belmore Park, Goulburn testifies New South Wales rail development as a result of Lord Belmore’s governor and his own personal popularity in Australia.Because the bedroom of the 4th Earl and Countess of Castle Coole both before and after his four years in Australia, in memory of Victorian bedroom connector.

Admission to Castle Coole is by guided tour only. Contact the National Trust website via the link for opening hours during in 2013.

See also

  • List of townlands in County Fermanagh
  • Cobbe family

References

  1. ^ Jump up to: ab Logainm – Castle Coole – scanned records 2
  2. ^ Jump up to: ab “Castle Coole”. IreAtlas townlands Database. Taken 19 april2015.
  3. Jump up ^ “Scheduled historical monuments (15 October 2012)” (PDF).NI Environment Agency. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
  4. Jump up ^ O’Neill, B (ed). (2002). Irish castles and historic houses.London: Caxton Editions. p. 26.
  • Marsen, P (1997) “The Belmores at Castle Coole 1740-1913 ‘Enniskillen: Print Factory (not in print)
  • Rooms, A (1994) “A Dictionary Irish place names’ Belfast. Apple Press ISBN 0-86281-460-X
  • Unpublished material relating to Castle Coole Castle Coole in possession of the National Trust

County Fermanagh

County Fermanagh (/ f ər m æ n ə / fər- ma -nə , from Irish: Fir Manach orFear Manach meaning “men of Manach”) is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland. The county has an area of 1691 sq km (653 sq mi) and has a population of about 61,805. [5] Enniskillen is the county seat and largest in both size and population. Fermanagh is also one of the six counties of Northern Ireland and is located within the historical province of Ulster.

Fermanagh is one of four counties in Northern Ireland to have a majority of the population from a Catholic background, according to the census of 2011.

Geography

Fermanagh County Tyrone is bordered to the northeast, County Monaghan to the southeast, County Cavan to the west, County Leitrim in the west and the northwest county of Donegal. The county town, Enniskillen, is the largest settlement in Fermanagh, situated in the center of the county.

It is mainly in rural areas and are largely in the basin of the River Erne. It is dominated by two connected lakes: Upper and Lower Lough Erne and, including water, spanning an area of 1851 km ² (715 sq, m). [6] It is approximately 120 km (75 mi) from Belfast and 160 km ( 99 mi) from Dublin.

Fermanagh accounting for 13.2% of the land mass in Northern Ireland and 30% of Fermanagh is covered with lakes and streams.

History

The Annals of Ulster, covering medieval Ireland from AD 431 to AD 1540 was written on Belle Isle on Lough Erne near Lisbellaw.

Fermanagh was a stronghold of the Maguire clan and Donn Carrach Maguire (died 1302) was the first of the heads of Maguire dynasty. But if land confiscation concerns Hugh Maguire, Fermanagh were awarded in a similar way as the other five counties escheated among Scottish and English undertakers and native Irish. The baronies of Knockninny and Magheraboy awarded Scottish funeral, the Clan Kelly, Magherastephana ochLurg into English funerary and Clanawley, Coole and Tyrkennedy for servants and natives. The most important families of the benefit under the new settlement were families Cole, Blennerhasset, Butler, Hume, and Dunbar.

Fermanagh made into a county by law Elizabeth I, but it was not until the time of the Plantation of Ulster, it was finally taken over the civilian government.

The closure of all lines in the Great Northern Railway (Ireland) in County Fermanagh in 1957, the county as the first non-island county in the UK without rail service.

Administration

Fermanagh is part of Fermanagh and South Tyrone parliamentary constituency, known for high levels of voting [ citation needed ] and for selecting the Provisional IRA hunger-striker Bobby Sandssom Member of Parliament for Fermanagh and South Tyrone election, April 1981, shortly before his död.Fermanagh District Council used to be the only one of 26 district councils in Northern Ireland that contained all of the county was named after. After the reorganization of local government in 2015, Fermanagh was still the only county entirely within a council area, namely Fermanagh and Omagh District Council.

Industry and Tourism

Agriculture and tourism are two of the main industries in Fermanagh. The most common types of farms in the area are beef, dairy, sheep, pigs and some chickens. The bulk of agricultural land used as pasture for grazing and silage or hay rather than for other crops.

The waterways are widely used by cabin boats and other small pleasure boats and anglers. The largest city in Fermanagh is Enniskillen ( Inis Ceithleann’- “Ceithleann’- island”). The island city hosts a variety of attractions, including the castle CooleEstate and Enniskillen Castle, which is home to the Museum of the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards.

Attractions outside Enniskillen include:

  • Belleek ceramics
  • Castle Archdale
  • Crom Estate
  • Devenish Island
  • Florence Court
  • Marble Arch Caves

settlements

big Cities

(population of 18,000 or more and 75,000 at the 2001 census) [13]

  • No

Medium cities

(population of 10,000 or more and 18,000 at the 2001 census) [13]

  • Ennis

Small towns

(population of 4,500 or more and 10,000 at the 2001 census) [13]

  • No

Between settlements

(population of 2250 or more and in 4500 at the 2001 census) [13]

  • Lisnaskea

villages

(population of 1,000 or more and for 2250 at the 2001 census) [13]

  • Ballinamallard
  • Irvinestown
  • Lisbellaw

Small villages and hamlets

(population of less than 1,000 at the 2001 census) [13]

  • Belcoo
  • Bellanaleck
  • Belleek
  • boho
  • Brookeborough
  • Derrygonnelly
  • Derrylin
  • Ederney
  • Garrison
  • Kesh
  • Maguiresbridge
  • Newtownbutler
  • Rosslea
  • Teemore
  • Time

subdivisions

baronies

Baronies of County Fermanagh in Northern Ireland with civil parish boundaries

Main article: baronies Ireland

  • Clanawley
  • Clankelly
  • cool
  • Knockninny
  • Lurg
  • Magheraboy
  • Magherastephana
  • Tirkennedy

weekend

Main article: List of civil parishes in County Fermanagh

townlands

Main article: List of townlands in County Fermanagh

Media

newspapers

  • Den Fermanagh Herald
  • Reporter impartiality

Sport

Fermanagh born Goalkeeper Roy Carroll plays with Derby County.

Main article: Fermanagh GAA

Fermanagh GAA has never won a senior provincial or All-Ireland title in some Gaelic games.

Only Ballinamallard United FC participate in the Northern Ireland football league system. All other Fermanagh clubs playing in Fermanagh & Western FA league system. Fermanagh Mallards FC played in the Women’s Premier League 2013. The famous footballer of Fermanagh include Roy Carroll, Harry Chatton, Barry Owens and Kyle Lafferty.

Notable people

Famous people born, raised in or live in Fermanagh. (See Appendix in alphabetical order.)

  • John Armstrong (1717-1795), born in Fermanagh, Major General in the Continental Army and delegates of the Continental Congressman [14]
  • Samuel Beckett (1906-1989), author and playwright (trained in Portora Royal School)
  • Denis Parsons Burkitt (1911-1993), physician – discoverer of Burkitt’s lymphoma
  • Roy Carroll (1977-), association football player
  • Edward Cooney (1867-1960), evangelist and early leader of Cooneyite and Go-Preachers
  • Brian D’Arcy (1945-), CP Passionist priest and media personality
  • Brendan Dolan (1973-), professional darts player for PDC
  • Adrian Dunbar (1958-), actor
  • Neil Hannon (1970), musician
  • Robert Kerr (1882-1963), athlete and Olympic gold medalist
  • Kyle Lafferty (1987-), Northern Ireland International Association footballer
  • Charles Lawson (1959-), actor (playing Jim McDonald in Coronation Street)
  • Francis Little (1822-1890), född i Fermanagh, Wisconsin State Senator
  • Terence MacManus (c. 1823-1861), leader of the Young Irelander Rebellion 1848
  • Michael Magner (1840-1897), recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Peter McGinnity Gaelic footballer, Fermanagh first winner of an All Star Award.
  • Martin McGrath Gaelic Football All Star winner.
  • Ciarán McMenamin (1975-), actor
  • Barry Owens Gaelic footballer, two-time All-Star winner.
  • Sean Quinn (1947-), entrepreneur
  • Michael Sleavon (1826-1902), recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Joan Trimble (1915-2000), pianist and composer
  • Oscar Wilde (1854-1900), author and playwright (trained in Portora Royal School)
  • Gordon Wilson (1927-1995), peace campaigner and Irish senator

Surname

The most common surnames in County Fermanagh at the time of the United Kingdom Census 1901: [15] [ ? Unreliable source ]

  • 1. Maguire
  • 2. McManus
  • 3. Johnston
  • 4. Armstrong
  • 5. Gallagher
  • 6. Elliott
  • 7. Murphy
  • 8. Reilly
  • 9. Cassidy
  • 10. Wilson

See also

  • Kloster och priories i Nordirland (County Fermanagh)
  • Slott i County Fermanagh
  • Extreme Points in the United Kingdom
  • High Sheriff of Fermanagh
  • List of parishes in County Fermanagh
  • List of places in County Fermanagh
  • List of townlands in County Fermanagh
  • Lord Lieutenant of Fermanagh
  • People from County Fermanagh
  • Silver band i County Fermanagh

Notes

  1. Jump up ^ “Background information on the Northern Ireland community – Population and Vital Statistics”. Cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  2. Jump up ^ “North-South Ministerial Council: 2004 annual report Ulster Scots” (PDF). Northsouthministerialcouncil.org. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  3. Jump up ^ “Tourism Ireland: Yierly 2007 ‘. Tourismireland.com.Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  4. Jump up ^ “Dungannon & South Tyrone Borough Council”.Dungannon.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  5. Jump up ^ [1] [ dead link ]
  6. Jump up ^ “County Fermanagh – definition of County Fermanagh in the free dictionary.” Thefreedictionary.com. Pulled 08/17/2016.
  7. Jump up ^ For the 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  8. Jump up ^ “Statistics: 2011 Census”. Cso.ie. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  9. Jump up ^ “Histpop – Online Historical Population Reports website.”Histpop.org. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  10. Jump up ^ “NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency”.Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  11. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  12. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Smooth, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  13. ^ Jump up to: abcdef “Statistical Classification of settlements”. NI Neighbourhood Information Service. Retrieved 23 February 2009.
  14. Jump up ^ who was who in America historical volume, 1607-1896.Chicago: Marquis Who’s Who. In 1963.
  15. Jump up ^ “Fermanagh Genealogy resources and Parish Register |Ulster “. Forebears.co.uk. Pulled 17/08/2016

References

  • Clogher Record
  • “Fermanagh” A Dictionary of British ortnamn. AD Mills. Oxford University Press, 2003. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Nordirland allmänna bibliotek. 25 juli 2007
  • “Fermanagh” Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Library Edition. 25 juli 2007 < http://library.eb.co.uk/eb/article-9034047 >.
  • Fermanagh: its particular landscape: a study of the Fermanagh countryside and its heritage / Ministry of the Environment for Northern Ireland. – Belfast: HMSO, 1991 ISBN 0-337-08276-6
  • Livingstone, Peadar. – The Fermanagh story: a documented history of County Fermanagh from the earliest times to the present day – Enniskillen: Cumann Seanchais Chlochair in 1969.
  • Lowe, Henry N. – County Fermanagh 100 år sedan: en guide och katalog 1880. – Belfast: Friar Bush Press, 1990. ISBN 0-946872-29-5
  • Parke, William K. – en Fermanagh barndom. Derrygonnelly, Co Fermanagh: Friar Bush Press, 1988. ISBN 0-946872-12-0
  • impartiality Reporter
  • Fermanagh Herald

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