CategoryFingal

Malahide Castle

Malahide Castle (Irish: Caislean Mhullach IDE ), part of which dates from the 12th century, with over 260 acres (1.1 km 2 ) for the remaining property of the park (the Malahide Demesne Regional Park), near the village of Malahide, nine miles ( 14 km) north of Dublin in Ireland.

The farm began in 1185, when Richard Talbot, a knight who accompanied Henry II to Ireland in 1174, was granted the “lands and harbor of Malahide.”The oldest parts of the castle dates back to the 12th century, it was home to the Talbot family for 791 years, from 1185 to 1976, the only exception being the period 1649-60, when Oliver Cromwell granted it to Miles Corbet efterCromwellian conquest of Ireland; Corbet was hanged after the demise of Cromwell, and the castle was restored to Talbots. The building was especially magnified in the reign of Edward IV, and the towers added in the 1765th

The farm survived such losses as the Battle of the Boyne, when the fourteen members of the owner family sat down to breakfast in the Great Hall, and all were dead by evening, and criminal laws, despite the fact that the family remained Catholic until 1774th

In the 1920s, private papers of James Boswell discovered in the castle, and sold to American collector Ralph H. Isham of Boswell’s great-great-grandson of Lord Talbot de Malahide.

Malahide Castle and Demesne eventually inherited by the 7th Baron Talbot and his death in 1973, sent to his sister, Rose. In 1975, Rose sold the castle to the Irish state, partly to fund the inheritance tax. Many of the contents, especially the furniture, the castle had been sold in advance leads to considerable public controversy, but private and government parties could get some.

frequented

The castle, together with its subsidiaries attractions, was for many years worked as a tourist attraction of tourism Dublin, working with Fingal County Council, which owns the whole demesne. Operating partner is now Shannon Heritage, which in turn designated subsidiary partners including Avoca Handweavers.

The main castle can be visited for a fee on a guided-tour-only basis.Moreover, it is possible to rent the famous Gothic Great Hall for private banquets. The castle has an eating establishment, and next door is a craft shop. The castle’s most famous room is the Oak Room, and Great Hall, showing the Talbot family history.

Separately, you can visit:

  • The Tadpolt Botanic Gardens , located behind the castle, consisting of several hectares of plants and lawns, a walled garden of 1.6 hectares and seven greenhouses, including a Victorian era conservatory. Many plants from the southern hemisphere, particularly Chile and Australia, are presented. The gardens demonstrate plant collecting passion 7 Lord Talbot de Malahide in the mid 20s.

The Demense is one of the few surviving examples of 18th century landscaped parks, and has broad lawns surrounded by a protective belt of trees. It can be visited freely, with a number of entrances and parking areas.In addition to forest walks and one labeled “fitness trail”, the park features active use sports fields, including a cricket pitch and several football fields, a 9-hole par-3 golf course, an 18-hole pitch-and-putt course, tennis courts and a boules area. There is also a modern playground near the castle.

Tara’s Palace Museum of Childhood was previously located at Malahide Castle, but moved to Powerscourt near Ennis 2011.

reconstruction

Malahide Castle and the Botanic Gardens in the royal estate was a major change in 2011-2012. Castle closed to visitors during October 2011 and reopened in the fall of 2012. A new single brand for the site and an upgrade of the interpretation and facilities means that visitors now used to generate a single experience that brings together the castle, gardens and village of Mala.

The project involves revitalizing the visitor is offered in the castle and gardens and create new audio tours and exhibitions on gardens and castles and new retail / leisure activities while preserving the legacy of 800 years old location. Links to Malahide village and the local community is a key factor in the project. New signs linking the area with the village will encourage visitors to spend the whole day in Malahide enjoy the village, marina, restaurants and shops.

Especially the different rooms to visit the castle changed.

access

The main entrance to the Palace Demesne is off Malahide Road, with access also possible from Malahide Village. Dublin Bus route number 42, 102 and 142 travels along one side of the park, ochMalahide railway station is located near the castle end of the park.

concert hall

The grounds of Malahide Castle was opened as a new concert hall by Fingal County Council in summer 2007, with concerts by the Arctic Monkeys, [1] White, Joe Cocker, Al Green ochBell X1, among others. In 2008, his guests included Neil Young, [1] [2] Radiohead, [3] and Eric Clapton. [4] Prince performed at the castle on July 30, 2011.

See also

  • Baron Talbot of Mala
  • Thomas Talbot

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Neil Young to play two Irish dates.” Muse.ie. 2008-03-05.Retrieved 2008-03-07.
  2. Jump up ^ “Neil Young heads to the castle that Winehouse goes Oxegen lineup …”. Irish Independent. 2008-03-05. Retrieved 2008-03-07.
  3. Jump up ^ “Radiohead confirm Dublin date …”. Muse.ie. 04.12.2007.Pulled 12/26/2007.
  4. Jump up ^ “Guitar King Clapton lined up for the summer gig at the castle …”. Irish Independent. 31.01.2008. Retrieved 2008-02-01.

Malahide

Malahide (Irish: Mullach IDE ) is a prosperous coastal suburban town near Dublin city. It is administered by the Fingal County Council, previously part of County Dublin, Ireland. There are large residential areas in the south, west and northwest of the village.

Name

The modern name Malahide can come from “Mullach idea” means “mountain IDE” or “IDE’s sand-hill”. It can also mean “Sand-hills of Hyde” (from Mullac h-IDE), probably referring to a Norman family from Donabate area. [2]According to the placenta Database of Ireland name Malahide is possibly derived from the Irish “Baile Átha Thid” means “city of Ford Thid”. [3]Malahide Bay was formerly called Inber Domnann , “river-mouth Fir Domnann”.

Location and access

Malahide is 16 kilometers north of the city of Dublin, between swords, Kinsealy and Portmarnock. It is located on the Broadmeadow Estuary, on the opposite side of which ärDonabate.

The village is served by DART and train, operated by Irish Rail. The Dublin Bus 32, 42 and 102, 32X and 142 peak hour express services, and 42N Nite-Link route serving the city of Dublin city center. Route 102 serves local areas to / from Dublin Airport (with sword) and Sutton Station (via Portmarnock).

History
Although there are some remnants of prehistoric activity, Malahide known to have been a persistent settlement of the coming of the Vikings, who landed in 795, and is used Malahide Estuary (along with Baldoyle) as a convenient base. With the arrival of the Anglo-Normans, the last Danish king of Dublin retreated to the area in 1171. From the 1180s, the history of the area is linked to the Talbot family Malahide Castle, which was granted extensive lands in the area and during the centuries following developed their property and the small harbor settlement.

Diamond, Malahide beginning of the 20th century

There is an old covered well, St. Sylvester is on the old main street (Old Street, formerly Chapel Street), which is used to get a “pattern” to Our Ladywas on August 15th.

In 1475, Thomas Talbot, director of the Talbot family Malahide Castle, granted the title of Admiral of the Port of Malahide by King Edward IV, with the power to keep the Admiralty courts and levy duties on all goods coming into the port. The office was hereditary, and the family’s right to act as Admiral confirmed by the Audit Finance (Ireland) 1639. [4]

In the early 19th century, the village had a population of over 1000, and a number of local industries, including the salt harvest, while the port went into commercial service, with landings of coal and construction materials.By 1831, the population had reached 1223. The area grew in popularity in Georgian times as a seaside resort for wealthy Dublin city dwellers. This is still evident today from the fine collection of Georgian houses in the town and along the seafront, and Malahide is still a popular spot for day-trippers, especially during the summer months.

In the 1960s, developers began to build housing estates around the village core in Malahide, launches the first, Ard na Mara in 1964. Additional property followed, northwest, south and west, but the village core remained intact, with the addition of a “naval apartment complex ‘development adjacent to the village green.

Today

Malahide grew from a population of 67 in 1921 to 1500 in 1960 and 2011 had a population of 15,846, and is still a rapidly growing city in the Dublin area.Most of the population lives outside the core village, in residential areasSeapark , Biscayne , Robswall , Chalfont , Ard Na Mara , Millview , yellow walls Road , Seabury and Gainsborough . Malahide has a higher percentage of professionals who live in it than any other city in Ireland, according to figures released by the Central Statistical Office. Malahide came top of the socioeconomic charts with the highest proportion of residents classified as employers, managers and senior officials. These groups combined, represent 41.3% of Malahide population.

In Malahide village there is extensive retail facilities and services including fashion boutiques, hair and beauty salons, florists, eateries and a small shopping center. There is a wide selection of pubs (including Gibney’s, Fowler, Duffy and Gilbert and Wright) and restaurants and 203-room Grand Hotel .

Political

Malahide is part of the Dáil constituency of Dublin Fingal, whose five elected Louise O’Reilly (Dublin politicians) of Sinn Féin, elected in 2016, Darragh O’Brien of Fianna Fáil Party was elected in 2016, Brendan Ryan of the Labour Party ~~ POS = HEAD COMP elected in 2016, Clare Daly of the United Left Alliance, elected in 2016; and Alan Farrell Fine Gael, was elected in 2016. The 2016 election of 26 February, was the Dublin North constituency replaced by Dáil constituency of Dublin Fingal.

Earlier sitting TDs have included Nora Owen (Fine Gael), Sean Ryan (Labour) and Fianna Fáil member GV Wright.

Malahide is part of the Howth / Malahide Local Electoral Area Fingal County Council. The current representatives of the eight-seat area is Daire Ní Laoi (Sinn Féin) Eoghan O’Brien (Fianna Fáil) Anthony Lavin (Fine Gael), Brian McDonagh (Labour) Cian O’Callaghan (Social Democrats), David Healy (MP) Keith Redmond (Renua) Jimmy Guerin (Independent)

Leisure and Organizations

Close to the village are Malahide Castle and the royal estate, including gardens, which was once the estate of Baron Talbot of Malahide.

Mala has a significant marine.

The Malahide area has more than twenty residents’ associations, of which (May 2007), sixteen cooperate in Malahide Community Forum, which publishes a quarterly newsletter, the Malahide Guardian .

There is an active local history society (with a small museum at Malahide Castle Demesne), a club, a camera club, a musical and drama society, the famous Enchiriadis choirs, a chess club and a photography group that has published calendars.

Apart from Malahide Castle Demesne, there are a number of smaller parks (with additional locations planned for example in Robswall and Seamount ).There are several golf courses nearby, and the GAA, soccer, tennis, rugby, sailing clubs and the Sea Scouts.

Twenty-five years ago, in 1990, won Malahide Irish Tidy Towns Competition.[5]

Another group that has been in Malahide for many years, it Malahide Pipe Band. The band was founded in 1954 and still practice the same initial area of the yellow walls today. The band consists of pipers and drummers who play the bagpipes and snare tenor and bass drums. The band plays at various events locally, with the main purpose to play in competitions around the country during the summer months. The band has also been involved in running a Pipe Band Competition in Malahide Castle for a number of years.The band is always looking for new members and supporters. For more information go to Malahide Pipe Band website.

Sport

There is also a wide range of sports clubs in the Malahide area. Rugby, soccer, GAA sports, sailing, hockey, golf, cricket, tennis and basketball are all well represented.

Gaelic game

  • St. Sylvester’s is the local Gaelic Athletic Association club.

Basket

Malahide Basketball formed in 1977 and currently fields two leading ladies teams, two senior men’s teams and 15 junior boys and girls teams (from over 10 to under 18). They train and play all their home games at Malahide Community School and Holywell Community Centre.

Hockey

Originally Malahide Hockey Club now merged with Fingal Hockey Club (formerly Aer Lingus) to become Mala Fingal Hockey Club. An all female club they currently field four senior teams and has a younger part of the nine teams, ages 7 and 16. All teams play and train in Broomfield Malahide.

Cricket

Malahide Cricket Club ([1]) was founded in 1861 and located in Malahide Castle demesne, near the train station. The club has over 400 members and is open year round. The club currently fields 18 teams (5 Senior Men, 2 women, 10 youth and Taverners page). Both the men’s and women’s top teams compete (in their respective leagues) at the highest level of cricket played in Ireland. From 2009-12 the club’s ground was developed into a 11,500-seat capacity and hosted its first one-day international in September 2013, when Ireland played England, [6] with England won by six wickets after captain Eoin Morgan struck 124 not out on what would have been his home in his youth.[7] the ground is now the largest in Ireland. This project has also seen the development of a second “club” pitch on the nearby Lady Acre in Malahide Demesne.

Football

Malahide United AFC ([2]) was founded in 1944 and currently has 60 field school / girl teams, from under 7 to under 18, and 4 senior teams. They have two academies , the first catering for 5-, 6- and 7-year-olds and the other one for 8-, 9- and 10-year-olds. With over 1,000 registered players, Malahide United is one of the biggest clubs in Ireland. Home plan is Gannon Park, which consists of two 11-man fields, a 7 a side pitch, a 11-man floodlit all-weather pitch, a floodlit five-a-side / heat all weather pitch and full clubhouse facilities.

Additional points used in Malahide Castle (two 7/9-a-sides and three 11 pages) with an additional 11-pitch at Broomfield, Malahide

Aston Village FC was founded in 1994. Their current home ground is the Malahide Castle and a local company is their main sponsor. They have three strong senior teams compete in both UCFL and AUL leagues. Despite the small size, they still space for up to 100 senior players with ages 16-43 years.

“Atlético Malahide” was founded in 2015 by a group of determined young boys. Their current home ground is the Malahide Castle. Atletico team consists of young men aged 18-19 and currently plays in UCFL club’s ambitions are high, with a focus on success in both the league and domestic competitions.

Rugby

Malahide Rugby Club [8] is a modern clubhouse and sports ground opposite the beautiful Malahide Estuary Estuary Road. Originally founded in 1922, Malahide Rugby Club was forced to disband during World War II because of a lack of available players. But in 1978 the club was reformed and now fields three senior men’s teams, a women’s team, four youth teams and six “mini” rugby team.

Sailing

There are two yacht clubs located on the mouth, swords Sailing & Boating Club and Malahide Yacht Club. The interior, Broadmeadow Estuary is also home to Fingal Sailing School ochDMG Sail Sports based on the 350-berth marina.

Golf

Malahide Golf Club opened in 1892, moving to a new location in 1990. It has a two-story clubhouse was completed in May 1990 with 1000 square meters, including bars, a restaurant, conference rooms and a snooker room. 17 is a notoriously difficult holes known to locals as “Cromwell’s Delight”, because of its narrow fairways and bunkers dominant.

Mala Sjöscoutkår

Malahide Sea Scout Group is located at St James Terrace on the waters edge of Malahide Estuary. It was founded in 1919 and has 583 members, making it the largest Scout Group in Ireland. It is the largest Sea Scouting group in Europe. [ Citation needed ] In 2005, Malahide (Wednesday) skiff crew won the East Coast Triple Crown, which comes first in the long distance dinghy race over Dublin Bay, woodlatimer sprint at the East Coast regatta and Mayor Cup, held in Malahide same year. In 2012, the Scout and Venture sections won all five trophies activity for the first time in a Sea Scout Group history.

Training

There are five schools in the area of Malahide, four primary (Pope John Paul II National School, St. Andrew’s National School, St. Oliver Plunkett Primary School and St. Sylvester’s Infant School) and secondary (Pobal Scoil Iosa, Malahide).

Religion

Malahide has two Catholic parishes, St. Sylvester’s and yellow walls and a Church of Ireland parish (St Andrews), and even part of a Presbyterian community, with a church built in 1956 as the first Presbyterian Church in Ireland since 1922 (it is one of two churches in the parish Howth and Malahide). [9]

Transport

Train

Mala railway station was opened May 25, 1844. [10] It is now one of the northern termini of the DART system, (the other is Howth). The station has a heritage garden and an attractive wrought iron canopy. The wrought in the canopy includes monogram Great Northern Railway (GNR), which operated the route prior to the nationalization of the railways.

Railway crosses the Broadmeadow Estuary at Broadmeadow viaduct locally as The Arches . [11] The original viaduct was a wooden structure built in 1844, which was replaced with an iron structure in 1860 and a prefabricated structure in 1966-7. [11]

viaduct collapse

Main article: Broadmeadow viaduct

21 August 2009 18:07 train from Balbriggan to Connolly was passing over the 200-year-old viaduct when the driver noticed a settlement and wall from collapsing on the northbound track. [12] The train crossed the bridge before it collapsed, and the driver is alerted authorities. [12]

An investigation into the possibility of sea bed erosion is the main cause of the collapse. [13]

A member of the Malahide Sea Scouts, Ivan Barrett, had contacted Iarnród Éireann five days before the collapse of any damage to the viaduct and a change in the flow of water around it. [14]

buses

Dublin Bus provides local bus services in the area of Routes 32, 32X, 42, 42N, 102 and 142.

  • Route 32 connects Mala with Portmarnock, Baldoyle, Howth Road, Raheny, Killester, Clontarf West, Fairview, Connolly train station and ends at Abbey Street. [15]
  • Route 32X ansluter Seabury, Malahide, Portmarnock, Baldoyle, Clontarf Road, Fairview, Connolly tågstation , St Stephen Green, Leeson Street, Donnybrook Village, RTÉ och slutar vid UCD Belfield. [16]
  • Route 42 förbinder The Hill, Malahide Village, Seabury, Kinsealy, Clare Hall, Coolock, Malahide Road, Artane rondellen, Donnycarney kyrka, Fairview, Connolly järnvägsstation och slutar vid Eden Quay. [17]
  • Route 42N is Friday and Saturday only route that serves Kinsealy, Seabury, Malahide Village, Malahide (Coast Road), Wendell Avenue, Carrickhill Road Stand Road, Portmarnock. [18]
  • Route 102 serves Malahide Village route to Seabury, Waterside, Mountgorry Way, Pavilions Shopping Centre, Swords Main Street, Boriomhe, River Valley and ends at Dublin Airport. In the other direction this route serves the Coast Road, Sands Hotel, Wendell Avenue, Carrickhill Road, Portmarnock, Strand Road, Baldoyle and ends at Sutton Dart Station. [19]
  • Route 142 förbinder The Hill, Malahide Village, Seabury, Waterside, Mountgorry Way Holywell, M1, Port Tunnel, City Quays, Saint Stephens Green, Rathmines, Palmerston Park, Dartry Road, Milltown Road, Bird Avenue och slutar vid UCD Belfield. Denna väg är verksamt i morgon och kväll topp måndag till endast fredag. [20]

People

Malahide is home U2 musician Adam Clayton and The Edge. Current residents include Brendan Gleeson, Cecilia Ahern, James Vincent McMorrow, Conor O’Brien (Villagers), Nicky Byrne and his wife Georgina Ahern, Vincent Browne, and former Anglo-Irish boss David Drumm.

See also

  • List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (Dublin)
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Malahide Settlement Results”. Central Bureau of Statistics .2011.
  2. Jump up ^ Archi Seek
  3. Jump up ^ placental Database of Ireland – Malahide
  4. Hoppa upp^ Mosley, red. Burke Peerage 107. Edition Delaware 2003 Vol. 3 p.3853
  5. Jump up ^ “President Malahide Tidy Towns Committee Gerry Rafferty.”North County Leader . 4 January, 2011. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  6. Jump up ^ Ireland playing England in the revamped Malahide in 2013
  7. Jump up ^ “Ireland v England ODI as it happened.” BBC. Hämtastre September, 2013.
  8. Jump up ^ http://www.malahiderfc.ie
  9. Jump up ^ Perhaps unique in the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, there is a single congregation Howth and Malahide, with a Kirk Session, but two byggnader.Den Presbyterian Church in Ireland, accessed July 6, 2007 Assembly website accessed 7 July 2006.
  10. Jump up ^ “Malahide station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways .Hämtastre September of 2007.
  11. ^ Jump up to: ab “The Arches” bridge was built in 1844, Fingal Independent, August 26, 2009
  12. ^ Jump up to: ab track to be closed for several weeks, The Irish Times, August 22, 2009
  13. Jump up ^ inquiry focuses on the seabed erosion, Frank McDonald and Ronan McGreevy, The Irish Times, August 25, 2009
  14. Jump up ^ Alert on any bridge damage is given five days before the collapse, Frank McDonald, The Irish Times, August 26, 2009
  15. Hoppa upp^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/en/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/3211/
  16. Hoppa upp^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/en/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/32x/
  17. Hoppa upp^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/en/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/42/
  18. Hoppa upp^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/en/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/42n/
  19. Hoppa upp^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/en/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/102/
  20. Hoppa upp^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/en/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/142/

Howth Head

Howth Head ( Ceann Bhinn Éadair in Irish) is a peninsula northeast of Dublin in Ireland. Howth falls under the local control of Fingal County Council. Entry to the cape is Sutton while bynHowth and the port is on the north shore. Baily Lighthouse is located on the southeastern part of Howth Head. Nearby are the districts of Baldoyle and Portmarnock.

History

The earliest mention of the peninsula was on a map printed Claudius Ptolemy, where it was called Edri Deserta or Greek Edrou Heremos . It was described as an island, but it is unclear whether this was due to actual separation from the cape or incorrect data cartographer.

Place

Originally an island, [ citation needed ] Howth Head is connected to the mainland by a narrow strip of land, or tombolo, and forms the northern boundary of the large crescent of Dublin Bay, roughly corresponding to Killiney Hill to the south.

Nature

Most of the cape is undulating, with peaks 171 m Black Linn, the Ben of Howth, on a side street off the Green Hill Quarries on Loughereen Hills, Shielmartin Hill (163 m) overlooking Carrickbrack Road, Carrickbrack and Dun Hill. There are also steep areas such as and Muck Rock (Carrickmore), and Kilrock, and there are steep sea cliffs around parts, especially on the north coast. Gorse grows in many places on the Cape. Fires are common during dry summers.

The cliffs supports a large colony of seabirds, especially razorbills, guillemots, fulmars, gulls and cormorants. The scrubland above supports multiple heathland species, including the skylark, meadow pipit, thorns, Linnet, Stonechat ochbuskskvätta. The most commonly seen birds of prey the kestrel, peregrine falcons and buzzards.

Gallery

  • Howth Head watched from the North Bull Island iDublin Bay
  • Cliffs at Howth Head with Baily lighthouse in the distance
  • Baily Lighthouse on the southeastern tip of Howth Head
  • Optics from the Baily lighthouse installed in 1902 and removed in 1972 when the lighthouse was modernized
  • Go on Howth Head

Leisure

As one of the northern ends of the Dublin Area Rapid Transit system (DART), Howth is a popular destination for day-trippers from the capital.Walkers can choose from a wide range of ways, including the Cliff Walk, which leads to the old cairn on one of Howth’s several summits. On clear days, the Wicklow Mountains can be seen, with Dublin below. Slieve Donard, a 852 meter peak in Northern Ireland may also be visible – a distance of 90 km (56 mi) .Ganska often, Snowdon (1085 m) in the Snowdonia National Park in Wales also seen – a distance of 138 km (86 mi ).

popular culture

Howth Head is the place where Leopold Bloom suggests Molly in James Joyce’s Ulysses . In the short story Eveline, another work by James Joyce is from the collection “Dubliners”, it is mentioned that Eveline and her family once had a picnic on the hill of Howth. Howth Head is also central to Joyce final work, Finnegans Wake, where one of the protagonists, HCE, include representatives of the mountain.

The peninsula has also been in the background of several paintings by Irish artist William Orpen (1878-1931).

Howth Head is mentioned in the text of the title track of Kate Bush’s 1989 album The Sensual World : “… took six large wheels and rolled our bodies / off Howth Head and into the flesh, mmh, yes … ‘. The song is inspired by Molly Bloom’s monologue in Joyce’s “Ulysses.”

Howth

Howth (/ h oʊ θ /; Irish: Binn Éadair , which means “Eadar peak”) [2] [3] is a village and outer suburbs of Dublin, Ireland. The district occupies most of the peninsula of Howth Head, which forms the northern boundary of Dublin Bay. Originally just a small fishing village, Howth with its surroundings once rural district is now a busy suburb of Dublin, with a mixture of dense residential development and wild hillside. The only neighboring district on land is Sutton. Howth is also home to one of the oldest occupied buildings in Ireland, Howth Castle.

Howth has been a filming location for movies such as The Last of the High Kings and Boy Eats Girl .

Location and access

Howth is located on the peninsula of Howth Head, which begins about 13 kilometers (8.1 mi) east-northeast of Dublin, on the north side of Dublin Bay. The village is 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) from Dublin city center (the ninth in a series of eighteenth-century milestones from Dublin General Post Office (GPO) is in the village), and extends over most of the northern part of Howth head which is connected to the rest of Dublin via a narrow strip of land (or Tombolo) at Sutton Cross.

Howth is the end of a regional road from Dublin and is one of the two northern ends of the DART suburban rail system. It is served by Dublin Bus.

History and etymology

The name Howth believed to be of Nordic origin, perhaps derived from the Norse Hǫfuð ( “head” in English). Norse Vikings colonized the eastern shore of Ireland and built the settlement of Dublin as a strategic base between Scandinavia and the Mediterranean. Norse Viking first invaded Howth in 819th

After Brian Boru, the High King of Ireland, defeated the Norse in 1014, many Nordic fled to Howth to regroup and remained a force until the final defeat of Fingal in the middle of the 11th century. Howth still under the control of Irish and local Nordic strengths until the invasion of Ireland by the Anglo-Normans in the 1169th

Without the support of either the Irish or Scandinavian powers, Howth isolated and fell to the Normans in 1177. One of the victorious Normans, Armoricus (or Almeric) Tristam, was granted a large part of the land between the village and Sutton. Tristam took on the name of the saint whose feast day the battle was won – St. Lawrence. He built his first castle near the harbor and the St. Lawrence link persists even today, see Earl of Howth. The original title of Baron of Howth granted Almeric St. Lawrence of Henry II of England in 1181, for enKnight fee.

Howth was a port city from at least the 14th century, with both health and duty collection officials monitor from Dublin, but the port was not built until the early 19th century.

A popular tale of piracy Gráinne O’Malley, who was rejected in 1576 while attempting a courtesy visit to Howth Castle, home of the Earl of Howth. In retaliation, she kidnapped Earl’s grandson and heir, and as ransom she exacted a promise that unexpected guests would never be turned back. She also made Earl promise that the gates of Deer Park (earl’s demesne) would never be closed to the public again, and the doors are still open today, and an extra place is set up for unexpected guests for formal dining in the dining room.

In the early 19th century, Howth was chosen as the site of the port of postal packages (postal service) vessels. One of the arguments used against Howth by proponents of Dun Laoghaire was that coaches can sacked in thebadlands of Sutton ! (at the time Sutton was open landscapes.) [1] Due to siltation, dredging the harbor is often needed to accommodate the package and finally the service was moved Dun Laoghaire. George IV visited the port in August 1821st

On 26 July 1914, 900 rifles landed at Howth by Robert Erskine Childers, the Irish Volunteers. Many used against the British in the Easter Rising and the subsequent Anglo-Irish War.

The port radically built in the late 20th century, with diverse areas of fishing and recreational formation and installation of a modern ice-making facility.A new lifeboat house later constructed, and Howth is now home to both the RNLI (lifeboats service) and the Irish Coast Guard.

Features

Howth Head is one of the dominant features of the Dublin Bay, with a number of peaks, the highest of which is the Black Linn. In an area near Shielmartin, there is a small bog, the Bog of Frogs .Vildare parts of Howth is accessible through a network of trails (many are right) and a large part of the center and east are protected as part of a special area of conservation of 2.3 square kilometers (570 acres).

The peninsula has a number of small, fast running streams, three of which runs through the village, with more, including the Bloody Stream, in the adjacent Howth Demesne. The currents passing through the village is from east to west, Coulcour Brook, Grays Brook or Boggeen Stream, and Offington Stream.

Ireland’s Eye Island, part of the special protection area, located about one kilometer north of Howth Harbour, with Lambay Island about 5 km further north. A Martello tower available on each of these islands with another tower overlooking Howth harbor (open as a visitor center and Ye Olde Hurdy Gurdy Museum of Vintage Radio June 8, 2001 [4] ) and another tower at Red Rock, Sutton. These are part of a series of towers built around the coast of Ireland during the 19th century.

Building Heritage

Howth Castle and its estate, Deer Park, are important properties in the area.

Because of Howth Castle is a collapsed dolmen known locally as Aideen’s grave.

At the southeast corner of Howth Head, in the area known as Bail (e) y (historical, Green Bayley) is the automated Baily Lighthouse, the successor to the former security mechanisms, at least as far back as the late 17th century.

In Howth village is St. Mary’s Church and Cemetery. The earliest church was built by Sitric, king of Dublin in 1042. It was replaced around 1235 with a church, and then, in the second half of the 14th century, the present church was built. The building was modified in the 15th and 16th centuries, then raised ends, a bell cote was built and a new porch and south door was added.St. Lawrence of adjacent Howth Castle also changed the east end to act as a private chapel; inside is the tomb of Christopher St. Lawrence, 2nd Baron Howth, who died in 1462, and his wife, Anna Plunkett of Ratoath.

Also of historical interest is the Collegium , at Howth main street.

Amenities and businesses

The area is active commercially, and is part of the area of Howth Sutton Baldoyle Chamber of Commerce. [5] Howth still an active center for the fishing industry, with a particular treatment in the fishing port area, and some boat maintenance.

The village is also home to the Olympic Council of Ireland.

Howth, has been held once at least five hotels, saw the last, Deer Park Hotel, close to April 2014 although premises continues to trade as a bar and a base for Deer Park golf courses with the recent addition of a “Foot Golf” course.The area has several bed-and-breakfast establishments.

The nearest operating hotels (Marine) is located at Sutton Cross, about 2.5 km from Howth Harbour.

Recreation

Howth is a popular area for bird watching and sailing, and is also popular with anglers. Everything from cod to the ray can be caught from Howth rocky beach badges and marine mammals, such as seals, are common sights in and near the harbor. Howth is also a popular destination for cyclists, joggers and hill walkers alike, especially on weekends. Birds regularly seen include razorbills, guillemots, fulmars, gull, Stone, Linnet, thorns, yellowhammer, skylark, wheatear, peregrine falcons, buzzards and kestrels.

local authorities

Howth was in County Dublin from the introduction of the Sheriff of the Normans, and in North Dublin rural area from the start under the Local Government (Ireland) Act in 1898. In 1918 Howth became a separate district with the consent of the Municipal Board for Ireland, and despite the opposition of North Dublin Rural District Council. [6] [7] in 1942 was transferred to Dublin county borough, with Dublin Corporation replaces the urban district council. [7] [8] [9] In 1993, it was away from the city and assigned Fingal County Council, the successor north of the river Liffey to Dublin County Council. [7] [10]

Notable residents

Among Howth’s more famous residents are the Booker Prize -winning author John Banville, U2 drummer Larry Mullen, actor Stuart Townsend, born and raised in Howth. Senator and retail pioneer Feargal Quinn, author Michael Feeney Callan and musicians Barney McKenna (until his death April 5, 2012) and John Sheahan of The Dubliners and Dolores O’Riordan of The Cranberries. Phil Lynott of Thin Lizzy lived in Howth for a time. [11] the late politician and writer Conor Cruise O’Brien and his wife, the Irish poet Máire MHAC a tSaoi lived here for many years. Composer Ciarán Farrell currently lives in Howth. Multiple Eurovision winner Johnny Logan and his father lived tenor Patrick O’Hagan for many years in Howth, and Lynn Redgrave and husband John Clark raised his family there in the early 1970s. Bill Graham, a journalist and writer living in Howth until his death in 1996. John McColgan and Moya Doherty’s wife, founder of Riverdance, has lived in Howth for many years. William Butler Yeats spent part of his childhood in a small house above the cliffs on Balscadden Road in Howth. Broadcaster Seán Moncrieff lives in Howth with his family. Scott Young, who was a Canadian journalist, sportswriter, novelist and father of musician Neil Young and Astrid Young lived in Howth in the late 1980s. Composer Brian Boydell was born in Howth 1917. Current European Ombudsman Emily O’Reilly also lives in Howth with his family of seven. Actor writer and comedian Gary Cooke was staying at the Claremont Road, Howth in the 1970s and 1980s. The eminent judge Gerald Fitzgibbon lived here for many years until his death in 1909: his house, Kilrock, was one of the centers of the Dublin social life from the 1870s onwards.

Transport

Howth Harbour and the islands of Ireland Eye (closest) and Lambay Island in the distance

  • Howth railway station was opened May 30, 1847 [12] is a two platform station terminal served by the Dublin Area Rapid Transit.
  • The Hill of Howth tram ran around the peninsula between the station and Sutton railway station until 1959th
  • Small boats run to Ireland’s Eye in the summer months. The boats are located at the end of the pier. Ireland Eye is one of the best locations near Dublin for birdwatching.
  • Dublin Bus runs 31 service to Howth Summit through Howth village and 31B serving more distant side of the peninsula. The 31B also ends in Howth Summit, but it does not pass Howth Village. The 31B offers stunning views especially upstairs.

There is also a new bus route that started to take effect in 2013 31A, which takes an almost identical way to 31, but does not stop at Howth Summit, but continues to Shielmartin.

  • Howth is also home to the National Transport Museum of Ireland which houses many public service and road transport vehicles from the previous year. [13]

See also

  • References and sources list of monasteries and priories in Ireland (Dublin)
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland
  • List of RNLI stations
  • Howth head
  • Ben of Howth
  • Hill of Howth Tramway

Remarks

  1. Jump up ^ “Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area” (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 reports. Central Statistics Office of Ireland. April 2007. Taken 2011-06-08.
  2. Jump up ^ Dublin, Ireland, 1975; The houses of the Oireachtas: The placenta Order (Irish forms) (No. 1) (Postal) / A Tordu Logainmneacha (Foirmeacha Gaeilge) (. Uimh 1) (Postbhailte)
  3. Jump up ^ “Howth”. Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved July 6, 2012. This website quote: AD Mills (2003), A Dictionary of British place names , Oxford University Press.
  4. Hoppa upp^http://homepage.eircom.net/~HowthSuttonLions/environment.htm
  5. Hoppa upp^ Howth Sutton Baldoyle Chamber of Commerce
  6. Jump up ^ Local Government Board for Ireland. “Local Government (Ireland) seems”. Annual report for the year 1916-1917. Paper Command.Cmd.8765. p. 17.
  7. ^ Jump up to: abc Ministry of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (8 May 2008). “Appendix III – Some points of the city government.” A Green Paper on Local Government. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  8. Jump up ^ “Local Government (Dublin) (Amendment) Act 1940”. Irish Statute Book. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  9. Jump up ^ “SI No. 372/1942 – The Local Government (Dublin) (Amendment) Act, 1940 (appointed day) Order, 1942”. Irish Statute Book.Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  10. Jump up ^ “Local Government (Dublin) Act, 1993”. Irish Statute Book.Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  11. Jump up ^ He is buried in St. Fintan Graveyard at Sutton side of Howth Head, who is also the burial place of Charles Haughey, three times Prime Minister of Ireland
  12. Jump up ^ “Howth station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-09-03.
  13. Hoppa upp^ http://www.nationaltransportmuseum.org/about.html

Howth Head

Howth Head ( Ceann Bhinn Éadair in Irish) is a peninsula northeast of Dublin in Ireland. Howth falls under the local control of Fingal County Council. Entry to the cape is Sutton while bynHowth and the port is on the north shore. Baily Lighthouse is located on the southeastern part of Howth Head. Nearby are the districts of Baldoyle and Portmarnock.

History

The earliest mention of the peninsula was on a map printed Claudius Ptolemy, where it was called Edri Deserta or Greek Edrou Heremos . It was described as an island, but it is unclear whether this was due to actual separation from the cape or incorrect data cartographer.

Place

Originally an island, [ citation needed ] Howth Head is connected to the mainland by a narrow strip of land, or tombolo, and forms the northern boundary of the large crescent of Dublin Bay, roughly corresponding to Killiney Hill to the south.

nature

Most of the cape is undulating, with peaks 171 m Black Linn, the Ben of Howth, on a side street off the Green Hill Quarries on Loughereen Hills, Shielmartin Hill (163 m) overlooking Carrickbrack Road, Carrickbrack and Dun Hill. There are also steep areas such as and Muck Rock (Carrickmore), and Kilrock, and there are steep sea cliffs around parts, especially on the north coast. Gorse grows in many places on the Cape. Fires are common during dry summers.

The cliffs supports a large colony of seabirds, especially razorbills, guillemots, fulmars, gulls and cormorants. The scrubland above supports multiple heathland species, including the skylark, meadow pipit, thorns, Linnet, Stonechat ochbuskskvätta. The most commonly seen birds of prey the kestrel, peregrine falcons and buzzards.

Gallery

  • Howth Head watched from the North Bull Island iDublin Bay
  • Cliffs at Howth Head with Baily guy in Fjärran
  • Baily Lighthouse on the southeastern tip of Howth Head
  • Optics from the Baily lighthouse installed in 1902 and removed in 1972 when the lighthouse was modernized
  • Go on Howth Head

Leisure time

As one of the northern ends of the Dublin Area Rapid Transit system (DART), Howth is a popular destination for day-trippers from the capital.Walkers can choose from a wide range of ways, including the Cliff Walk, which leads to the old cairn on one of Howth’s several summits. On clear days, the Wicklow Mountains can be seen, with Dublin below. Slieve Donard, a 852 meter peak in Northern Ireland may also be visible – a distance of 90 km (56 mi) .Ganska often, Snowdon (1085 m) in the Snowdonia National Park in Wales also seen – a distance of 138 km (86 mi ).

popular culture

Howth Head is the place where Leopold Bloom suggests Molly in James Joyce’s Ulysses . In the short story Eveline, another work by James Joyce is from the collection “Dubliners”, it is mentioned that Eveline and her family once had a picnic on the hill of Howth. Howth Head is also central to Joyce final work, Finnegans Wake, where one of the protagonists, HCE, include representatives of the mountain.

The peninsula has also been in the background of several paintings by Irish artist William Orpen (1878-1931).

Howth Head is mentioned in the text of the title track of Kate Bush’s 1989 album The Sensual World : “… took six large wheels and rolled our bodies / off Howth Head and into the flesh, mmh, yes … ‘. The song is inspired by Molly Bloom’s monologue in Joyce’s “Ulysses.”

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