CategoryCounty Dublin

Malahide Castle

Malahide Castle (Irish: Caislean Mhullach IDE ), part of which dates from the 12th century, with over 260 acres (1.1 km 2 ) for the remaining property of the park (the Malahide Demesne Regional Park), near the village of Malahide, nine miles ( 14 km) north of Dublin in Ireland.

The farm began in 1185, when Richard Talbot, a knight who accompanied Henry II to Ireland in 1174, was granted the “lands and harbor of Malahide.”The oldest parts of the castle dates back to the 12th century, it was home to the Talbot family for 791 years, from 1185 to 1976, the only exception being the period 1649-60, when Oliver Cromwell granted it to Miles Corbet efterCromwellian conquest of Ireland; Corbet was hanged after the demise of Cromwell, and the castle was restored to Talbots. The building was especially magnified in the reign of Edward IV, and the towers added in the 1765th

The farm survived such losses as the Battle of the Boyne, when the fourteen members of the owner family sat down to breakfast in the Great Hall, and all were dead by evening, and criminal laws, despite the fact that the family remained Catholic until 1774th

In the 1920s, private papers of James Boswell discovered in the castle, and sold to American collector Ralph H. Isham of Boswell’s great-great-grandson of Lord Talbot de Malahide.

Malahide Castle and Demesne eventually inherited by the 7th Baron Talbot and his death in 1973, sent to his sister, Rose. In 1975, Rose sold the castle to the Irish state, partly to fund the inheritance tax. Many of the contents, especially the furniture, the castle had been sold in advance leads to considerable public controversy, but private and government parties could get some.

frequented

The castle, together with its subsidiaries attractions, was for many years worked as a tourist attraction of tourism Dublin, working with Fingal County Council, which owns the whole demesne. Operating partner is now Shannon Heritage, which in turn designated subsidiary partners including Avoca Handweavers.

The main castle can be visited for a fee on a guided-tour-only basis.Moreover, it is possible to rent the famous Gothic Great Hall for private banquets. The castle has an eating establishment, and next door is a craft shop. The castle’s most famous room is the Oak Room, and Great Hall, showing the Talbot family history.

Separately, you can visit:

  • The Tadpolt Botanic Gardens , located behind the castle, consisting of several hectares of plants and lawns, a walled garden of 1.6 hectares and seven greenhouses, including a Victorian era conservatory. Many plants from the southern hemisphere, particularly Chile and Australia, are presented. The gardens demonstrate plant collecting passion 7 Lord Talbot de Malahide in the mid 20s.

The Demense is one of the few surviving examples of 18th century landscaped parks, and has broad lawns surrounded by a protective belt of trees. It can be visited freely, with a number of entrances and parking areas.In addition to forest walks and one labeled “fitness trail”, the park features active use sports fields, including a cricket pitch and several football fields, a 9-hole par-3 golf course, an 18-hole pitch-and-putt course, tennis courts and a boules area. There is also a modern playground near the castle.

Tara’s Palace Museum of Childhood was previously located at Malahide Castle, but moved to Powerscourt near Ennis 2011.

reconstruction

Malahide Castle and the Botanic Gardens in the royal estate was a major change in 2011-2012. Castle closed to visitors during October 2011 and reopened in the fall of 2012. A new single brand for the site and an upgrade of the interpretation and facilities means that visitors now used to generate a single experience that brings together the castle, gardens and village of Mala.

The project involves revitalizing the visitor is offered in the castle and gardens and create new audio tours and exhibitions on gardens and castles and new retail / leisure activities while preserving the legacy of 800 years old location. Links to Malahide village and the local community is a key factor in the project. New signs linking the area with the village will encourage visitors to spend the whole day in Malahide enjoy the village, marina, restaurants and shops.

Especially the different rooms to visit the castle changed.

access

The main entrance to the Palace Demesne is off Malahide Road, with access also possible from Malahide Village. Dublin Bus route number 42, 102 and 142 travels along one side of the park, ochMalahide railway station is located near the castle end of the park.

concert hall

The grounds of Malahide Castle was opened as a new concert hall by Fingal County Council in summer 2007, with concerts by the Arctic Monkeys, [1] White, Joe Cocker, Al Green ochBell X1, among others. In 2008, his guests included Neil Young, [1] [2] Radiohead, [3] and Eric Clapton. [4] Prince performed at the castle on July 30, 2011.

See also

  • Baron Talbot of Mala
  • Thomas Talbot

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Neil Young to play two Irish dates.” Muse.ie. 2008-03-05.Retrieved 2008-03-07.
  2. Jump up ^ “Neil Young heads to the castle that Winehouse goes Oxegen lineup …”. Irish Independent. 2008-03-05. Retrieved 2008-03-07.
  3. Jump up ^ “Radiohead confirm Dublin date …”. Muse.ie. 04.12.2007.Pulled 12/26/2007.
  4. Jump up ^ “Guitar King Clapton lined up for the summer gig at the castle …”. Irish Independent. 31.01.2008. Retrieved 2008-02-01.

Malahide

Malahide (Irish: Mullach IDE ) is a prosperous coastal suburban town near Dublin city. It is administered by the Fingal County Council, previously part of County Dublin, Ireland. There are large residential areas in the south, west and northwest of the village.

Name

The modern name Malahide can come from “Mullach idea” means “mountain IDE” or “IDE’s sand-hill”. It can also mean “Sand-hills of Hyde” (from Mullac h-IDE), probably referring to a Norman family from Donabate area. [2]According to the placenta Database of Ireland name Malahide is possibly derived from the Irish “Baile Átha Thid” means “city of Ford Thid”. [3]Malahide Bay was formerly called Inber Domnann , “river-mouth Fir Domnann”.

Location and access

Malahide is 16 kilometers north of the city of Dublin, between swords, Kinsealy and Portmarnock. It is located on the Broadmeadow Estuary, on the opposite side of which ärDonabate.

The village is served by DART and train, operated by Irish Rail. The Dublin Bus 32, 42 and 102, 32X and 142 peak hour express services, and 42N Nite-Link route serving the city of Dublin city center. Route 102 serves local areas to / from Dublin Airport (with sword) and Sutton Station (via Portmarnock).

History
Although there are some remnants of prehistoric activity, Malahide known to have been a persistent settlement of the coming of the Vikings, who landed in 795, and is used Malahide Estuary (along with Baldoyle) as a convenient base. With the arrival of the Anglo-Normans, the last Danish king of Dublin retreated to the area in 1171. From the 1180s, the history of the area is linked to the Talbot family Malahide Castle, which was granted extensive lands in the area and during the centuries following developed their property and the small harbor settlement.

Diamond, Malahide beginning of the 20th century

There is an old covered well, St. Sylvester is on the old main street (Old Street, formerly Chapel Street), which is used to get a “pattern” to Our Ladywas on August 15th.

In 1475, Thomas Talbot, director of the Talbot family Malahide Castle, granted the title of Admiral of the Port of Malahide by King Edward IV, with the power to keep the Admiralty courts and levy duties on all goods coming into the port. The office was hereditary, and the family’s right to act as Admiral confirmed by the Audit Finance (Ireland) 1639. [4]

In the early 19th century, the village had a population of over 1000, and a number of local industries, including the salt harvest, while the port went into commercial service, with landings of coal and construction materials.By 1831, the population had reached 1223. The area grew in popularity in Georgian times as a seaside resort for wealthy Dublin city dwellers. This is still evident today from the fine collection of Georgian houses in the town and along the seafront, and Malahide is still a popular spot for day-trippers, especially during the summer months.

In the 1960s, developers began to build housing estates around the village core in Malahide, launches the first, Ard na Mara in 1964. Additional property followed, northwest, south and west, but the village core remained intact, with the addition of a “naval apartment complex ‘development adjacent to the village green.

Today

Malahide grew from a population of 67 in 1921 to 1500 in 1960 and 2011 had a population of 15,846, and is still a rapidly growing city in the Dublin area.Most of the population lives outside the core village, in residential areasSeapark , Biscayne , Robswall , Chalfont , Ard Na Mara , Millview , yellow walls Road , Seabury and Gainsborough . Malahide has a higher percentage of professionals who live in it than any other city in Ireland, according to figures released by the Central Statistical Office. Malahide came top of the socioeconomic charts with the highest proportion of residents classified as employers, managers and senior officials. These groups combined, represent 41.3% of Malahide population.

In Malahide village there is extensive retail facilities and services including fashion boutiques, hair and beauty salons, florists, eateries and a small shopping center. There is a wide selection of pubs (including Gibney’s, Fowler, Duffy and Gilbert and Wright) and restaurants and 203-room Grand Hotel .

Political

Malahide is part of the Dáil constituency of Dublin Fingal, whose five elected Louise O’Reilly (Dublin politicians) of Sinn Féin, elected in 2016, Darragh O’Brien of Fianna Fáil Party was elected in 2016, Brendan Ryan of the Labour Party ~~ POS = HEAD COMP elected in 2016, Clare Daly of the United Left Alliance, elected in 2016; and Alan Farrell Fine Gael, was elected in 2016. The 2016 election of 26 February, was the Dublin North constituency replaced by Dáil constituency of Dublin Fingal.

Earlier sitting TDs have included Nora Owen (Fine Gael), Sean Ryan (Labour) and Fianna Fáil member GV Wright.

Malahide is part of the Howth / Malahide Local Electoral Area Fingal County Council. The current representatives of the eight-seat area is Daire Ní Laoi (Sinn Féin) Eoghan O’Brien (Fianna Fáil) Anthony Lavin (Fine Gael), Brian McDonagh (Labour) Cian O’Callaghan (Social Democrats), David Healy (MP) Keith Redmond (Renua) Jimmy Guerin (Independent)

Leisure and Organizations

Close to the village are Malahide Castle and the royal estate, including gardens, which was once the estate of Baron Talbot of Malahide.

Mala has a significant marine.

The Malahide area has more than twenty residents’ associations, of which (May 2007), sixteen cooperate in Malahide Community Forum, which publishes a quarterly newsletter, the Malahide Guardian .

There is an active local history society (with a small museum at Malahide Castle Demesne), a club, a camera club, a musical and drama society, the famous Enchiriadis choirs, a chess club and a photography group that has published calendars.

Apart from Malahide Castle Demesne, there are a number of smaller parks (with additional locations planned for example in Robswall and Seamount ).There are several golf courses nearby, and the GAA, soccer, tennis, rugby, sailing clubs and the Sea Scouts.

Twenty-five years ago, in 1990, won Malahide Irish Tidy Towns Competition.[5]

Another group that has been in Malahide for many years, it Malahide Pipe Band. The band was founded in 1954 and still practice the same initial area of the yellow walls today. The band consists of pipers and drummers who play the bagpipes and snare tenor and bass drums. The band plays at various events locally, with the main purpose to play in competitions around the country during the summer months. The band has also been involved in running a Pipe Band Competition in Malahide Castle for a number of years.The band is always looking for new members and supporters. For more information go to Malahide Pipe Band website.

Sport

There is also a wide range of sports clubs in the Malahide area. Rugby, soccer, GAA sports, sailing, hockey, golf, cricket, tennis and basketball are all well represented.

Gaelic game

  • St. Sylvester’s is the local Gaelic Athletic Association club.

Basket

Malahide Basketball formed in 1977 and currently fields two leading ladies teams, two senior men’s teams and 15 junior boys and girls teams (from over 10 to under 18). They train and play all their home games at Malahide Community School and Holywell Community Centre.

Hockey

Originally Malahide Hockey Club now merged with Fingal Hockey Club (formerly Aer Lingus) to become Mala Fingal Hockey Club. An all female club they currently field four senior teams and has a younger part of the nine teams, ages 7 and 16. All teams play and train in Broomfield Malahide.

Cricket

Malahide Cricket Club ([1]) was founded in 1861 and located in Malahide Castle demesne, near the train station. The club has over 400 members and is open year round. The club currently fields 18 teams (5 Senior Men, 2 women, 10 youth and Taverners page). Both the men’s and women’s top teams compete (in their respective leagues) at the highest level of cricket played in Ireland. From 2009-12 the club’s ground was developed into a 11,500-seat capacity and hosted its first one-day international in September 2013, when Ireland played England, [6] with England won by six wickets after captain Eoin Morgan struck 124 not out on what would have been his home in his youth.[7] the ground is now the largest in Ireland. This project has also seen the development of a second “club” pitch on the nearby Lady Acre in Malahide Demesne.

Football

Malahide United AFC ([2]) was founded in 1944 and currently has 60 field school / girl teams, from under 7 to under 18, and 4 senior teams. They have two academies , the first catering for 5-, 6- and 7-year-olds and the other one for 8-, 9- and 10-year-olds. With over 1,000 registered players, Malahide United is one of the biggest clubs in Ireland. Home plan is Gannon Park, which consists of two 11-man fields, a 7 a side pitch, a 11-man floodlit all-weather pitch, a floodlit five-a-side / heat all weather pitch and full clubhouse facilities.

Additional points used in Malahide Castle (two 7/9-a-sides and three 11 pages) with an additional 11-pitch at Broomfield, Malahide

Aston Village FC was founded in 1994. Their current home ground is the Malahide Castle and a local company is their main sponsor. They have three strong senior teams compete in both UCFL and AUL leagues. Despite the small size, they still space for up to 100 senior players with ages 16-43 years.

“Atlético Malahide” was founded in 2015 by a group of determined young boys. Their current home ground is the Malahide Castle. Atletico team consists of young men aged 18-19 and currently plays in UCFL club’s ambitions are high, with a focus on success in both the league and domestic competitions.

Rugby

Malahide Rugby Club [8] is a modern clubhouse and sports ground opposite the beautiful Malahide Estuary Estuary Road. Originally founded in 1922, Malahide Rugby Club was forced to disband during World War II because of a lack of available players. But in 1978 the club was reformed and now fields three senior men’s teams, a women’s team, four youth teams and six “mini” rugby team.

Sailing

There are two yacht clubs located on the mouth, swords Sailing & Boating Club and Malahide Yacht Club. The interior, Broadmeadow Estuary is also home to Fingal Sailing School ochDMG Sail Sports based on the 350-berth marina.

Golf

Malahide Golf Club opened in 1892, moving to a new location in 1990. It has a two-story clubhouse was completed in May 1990 with 1000 square meters, including bars, a restaurant, conference rooms and a snooker room. 17 is a notoriously difficult holes known to locals as “Cromwell’s Delight”, because of its narrow fairways and bunkers dominant.

Mala Sjöscoutkår

Malahide Sea Scout Group is located at St James Terrace on the waters edge of Malahide Estuary. It was founded in 1919 and has 583 members, making it the largest Scout Group in Ireland. It is the largest Sea Scouting group in Europe. [ Citation needed ] In 2005, Malahide (Wednesday) skiff crew won the East Coast Triple Crown, which comes first in the long distance dinghy race over Dublin Bay, woodlatimer sprint at the East Coast regatta and Mayor Cup, held in Malahide same year. In 2012, the Scout and Venture sections won all five trophies activity for the first time in a Sea Scout Group history.

Training

There are five schools in the area of Malahide, four primary (Pope John Paul II National School, St. Andrew’s National School, St. Oliver Plunkett Primary School and St. Sylvester’s Infant School) and secondary (Pobal Scoil Iosa, Malahide).

Religion

Malahide has two Catholic parishes, St. Sylvester’s and yellow walls and a Church of Ireland parish (St Andrews), and even part of a Presbyterian community, with a church built in 1956 as the first Presbyterian Church in Ireland since 1922 (it is one of two churches in the parish Howth and Malahide). [9]

Transport

Train

Mala railway station was opened May 25, 1844. [10] It is now one of the northern termini of the DART system, (the other is Howth). The station has a heritage garden and an attractive wrought iron canopy. The wrought in the canopy includes monogram Great Northern Railway (GNR), which operated the route prior to the nationalization of the railways.

Railway crosses the Broadmeadow Estuary at Broadmeadow viaduct locally as The Arches . [11] The original viaduct was a wooden structure built in 1844, which was replaced with an iron structure in 1860 and a prefabricated structure in 1966-7. [11]

viaduct collapse

Main article: Broadmeadow viaduct

21 August 2009 18:07 train from Balbriggan to Connolly was passing over the 200-year-old viaduct when the driver noticed a settlement and wall from collapsing on the northbound track. [12] The train crossed the bridge before it collapsed, and the driver is alerted authorities. [12]

An investigation into the possibility of sea bed erosion is the main cause of the collapse. [13]

A member of the Malahide Sea Scouts, Ivan Barrett, had contacted Iarnród Éireann five days before the collapse of any damage to the viaduct and a change in the flow of water around it. [14]

buses

Dublin Bus provides local bus services in the area of Routes 32, 32X, 42, 42N, 102 and 142.

  • Route 32 connects Mala with Portmarnock, Baldoyle, Howth Road, Raheny, Killester, Clontarf West, Fairview, Connolly train station and ends at Abbey Street. [15]
  • Route 32X ansluter Seabury, Malahide, Portmarnock, Baldoyle, Clontarf Road, Fairview, Connolly tågstation , St Stephen Green, Leeson Street, Donnybrook Village, RTÉ och slutar vid UCD Belfield. [16]
  • Route 42 förbinder The Hill, Malahide Village, Seabury, Kinsealy, Clare Hall, Coolock, Malahide Road, Artane rondellen, Donnycarney kyrka, Fairview, Connolly järnvägsstation och slutar vid Eden Quay. [17]
  • Route 42N is Friday and Saturday only route that serves Kinsealy, Seabury, Malahide Village, Malahide (Coast Road), Wendell Avenue, Carrickhill Road Stand Road, Portmarnock. [18]
  • Route 102 serves Malahide Village route to Seabury, Waterside, Mountgorry Way, Pavilions Shopping Centre, Swords Main Street, Boriomhe, River Valley and ends at Dublin Airport. In the other direction this route serves the Coast Road, Sands Hotel, Wendell Avenue, Carrickhill Road, Portmarnock, Strand Road, Baldoyle and ends at Sutton Dart Station. [19]
  • Route 142 förbinder The Hill, Malahide Village, Seabury, Waterside, Mountgorry Way Holywell, M1, Port Tunnel, City Quays, Saint Stephens Green, Rathmines, Palmerston Park, Dartry Road, Milltown Road, Bird Avenue och slutar vid UCD Belfield. Denna väg är verksamt i morgon och kväll topp måndag till endast fredag. [20]

People

Malahide is home U2 musician Adam Clayton and The Edge. Current residents include Brendan Gleeson, Cecilia Ahern, James Vincent McMorrow, Conor O’Brien (Villagers), Nicky Byrne and his wife Georgina Ahern, Vincent Browne, and former Anglo-Irish boss David Drumm.

See also

  • List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (Dublin)
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Malahide Settlement Results”. Central Bureau of Statistics .2011.
  2. Jump up ^ Archi Seek
  3. Jump up ^ placental Database of Ireland – Malahide
  4. Hoppa upp^ Mosley, red. Burke Peerage 107. Edition Delaware 2003 Vol. 3 p.3853
  5. Jump up ^ “President Malahide Tidy Towns Committee Gerry Rafferty.”North County Leader . 4 January, 2011. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  6. Jump up ^ Ireland playing England in the revamped Malahide in 2013
  7. Jump up ^ “Ireland v England ODI as it happened.” BBC. Hämtastre September, 2013.
  8. Jump up ^ http://www.malahiderfc.ie
  9. Jump up ^ Perhaps unique in the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, there is a single congregation Howth and Malahide, with a Kirk Session, but two byggnader.Den Presbyterian Church in Ireland, accessed July 6, 2007 Assembly website accessed 7 July 2006.
  10. Jump up ^ “Malahide station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways .Hämtastre September of 2007.
  11. ^ Jump up to: ab “The Arches” bridge was built in 1844, Fingal Independent, August 26, 2009
  12. ^ Jump up to: ab track to be closed for several weeks, The Irish Times, August 22, 2009
  13. Jump up ^ inquiry focuses on the seabed erosion, Frank McDonald and Ronan McGreevy, The Irish Times, August 25, 2009
  14. Jump up ^ Alert on any bridge damage is given five days before the collapse, Frank McDonald, The Irish Times, August 26, 2009
  15. Hoppa upp^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/en/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/3211/
  16. Hoppa upp^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/en/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/32x/
  17. Hoppa upp^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/en/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/42/
  18. Hoppa upp^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/en/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/42n/
  19. Hoppa upp^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/en/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/102/
  20. Hoppa upp^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/en/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/142/

Killiney

Killiney (Irish: Cill Inion Léinín , which means “Church of the Daughters of Léinín”) is a seaside resort and suburb in Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown, Ireland.The area lies on the coast south of neighboring Dalkey, and north of Shankill. It is part of Dáil constituency Dun Laoghaire.

Amenities

Killiney Hill Park was opened in 1887 as the Victoria Hill in honor of Britain’s Queen Victoria’s 50 years on the throne. The park has a magnificent view of Dublin Bay, Killiney Bay Bray Head and Mount Big Sugar Loaf Mountain (506 m), which extends from the Wicklow Mountains across to Howth Head. Park topography is pretty dramatic, and its highest point, the Obelisk, is 170 meters above sea level.

Other attractions include Killiney Beach, Killiney Golf Club, a local Martello Tower, and the ruins of Cill Inion Léinín, the church around which the original village was founded.

Coastal areas in Killiney often favorably compared to the Bay of Naples in Italy. This comparison is reflected in the names of the surrounding roads, as Vico, Sorrento, Monte Alverno, San Elmo, and Capri. On clear days, the Mourne Mountains in County Down can be seen. Killiney Hill Park was once part of the estate of Killiney Castle, now a hotel. Since early 2010, a pod of bottlenose dolphins have been seen regularly in Killiney Bay. [ Citation needed ]

Transport

Buss

The area is served by Dublin Bus routes 7b, 7n (Nitelink) and 45a at the junction of Killiney Hill Road and Shanganagh Road and Road 59 at Killiney Hill. [1]

An Aircoach service begins at Fitzpatrick Castle Hotel in Killiney links with Dublin Airport every hour, 24 hours a day.

Rail

Killiney railway station, served by DART, located on Station Road. [2]

Famous residents

Northeast Killiney is one of Dublin’s most exclusive neighborhoods. Famous residents include U2 members Bono and The Edge. Former racing driver Eddie Irvine is also sometimes seen in Killiney. Actor Allen Leech was born in Killiney, as well as radio presenter Paddy O’Byrne. Singer Enya lives in a Manderley Castle in Killiney.

History

Killiney The village got its name from the location of the nuns’ abbey.Leinin, a local chieftain and his seven daughters converted to Christianity, and together they went on to found a religious community on Marino Avenue West.Idag family celebrated in the stained glass windows in the church of St. Alphonsus and Columba in Ballybrack, only a few minutes walk away . Although the establishment of the first church dates back to the sixth century, its current roofless ruin from the 11th century. This small chapel on Marino Avenue West mark the historical center of Killiney Village and can still be seen today.

For many centuries, most of the area was the property of the Talbot de Malahide family, some of the original supporters of the 1170 Norman invasion. The obelisk atop Killiney Hill records the famine of 1741 and the relief works made for the poor, which include Obelisk and many walls that cover the top of the hill. In the 19th century, were the areas in the north and east of the village owned by Robert Warren, who developed many of the Victorian homes tract. The Warrens also sold the land needed to extend the Dublin and Kingstown Railway to Killiney and ultimately Bray. Killiney beach was a popular seaside destination for Dubliners, and John Rocque’s 1757 map shows bathhouse near White Rock, on Killiney Beach. The coast became even more popular when the railway opened, and the opening of the Victoria Park in 1887 to celebrate the British monarch’s visit and the opening of Vico Road in 1889 appears to have increased this popularity further. Victoria Castle was built in honor of Queen Victoria, especially her accession to the throne. [ Citation needed ] This is currently owned by Donegal sångareEnya renamed it Manderley Castle.

From 1900 until the late 1940s Killiney remained a close-rural area, despite its proximity to Dublin city. From the early 1960s, the economy began to expand, and thus reach Dublin in areas in its hinterland as Killiney.

20th century development

During the first half of the twentieth century, still consisted Electoral Division of North Killiney of a small village in the center and a number of suburban roads lined with large houses. Some small cottages were occupied by working-class locals and bohemian residents like George Bernard Shaw, whose house, Torca Cottage, located near the border with Dalkey.

South Killiney consisted of agricultural land uncultivated hillside forest, a few large farmhouse (Ballinclea House in particular, which is owned by the Talbot de Malahide family [3] and was destroyed by fire in the early 1970s, and Roche’s House, close to the contemporary Killiney Shopping Centre), the convent of the sisters of St. Joseph of Cluny and Killiney Golf Club, a nine-hole course that was founded 1903rd

Killiney population grew rapidly in the decades after the Emergency that urbanization and suburbanization of Ireland Dublin progressed. The main districts most locals will identify the Killiney Hill Park, Roche’s Hill (locally known as Mullins’ Hill), Killiney Village, North Killiney (Cluny Grove, Killiney Road, Ballinclea), Killiney Hill Road, Vico Road. The last six of these areas are developed, usually with two-story homes, with an average density of 10 to 30 houses per hectare. North Killiney mainly consists of two bedrooms, two-story homes to 10 to 30 houses per hectare.

The population, as recorded by the Census of Ireland, peaked in 1996 at around 10,800 and has decreased by about 12% since then, as falling average family sizes have outpaced housing.

See also

  • List of towns and villages in Ireland

Sources

  • The story of Killiney Hill Park Dunlaoghaire-Rathdown County Council[ dead link ]
  • Carrickmines Castle, Vale Shanganagh, Dalkey, Killiney and Ballybrack Hills (Waybackmachine archive link)
  • Pearson, Peter (1998). Between the mountains and the sea: Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown County Dublin. The O’Brien Press ISBN 0-86278-582-0.

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Dublin Bus Routes”. Dublin Bus. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
  2. Jump up ^ “Irish Rail Killiney Station”. Irish Rail. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
  3. Jump up ^ “Who’s Who in Dublin.” Admiralty and Horse Guards Gazette,

Dalkey

Dalkey (/ dɒːkiː /; Irish: Deilginis , which means “thorn island”) is a suburb of Dublin and seaside resort just south of Dublin, Ireland. It was founded as a Viking settlement and became an important port during the Middle Ages.According to John Clyn, it was one of the ports through which the plague entered Ireland in the mid 14’s. In modern times, Dalkey has become a prosperous seaside suburb and a minor tourist attraction. It has been home to many writers and celebrities including Jane Emily Herbert, Maeve Binchy, Hugh Leonard, Bono, Van Morrison ochEnya

Etymologi

The city is named after Dalkey Island, just off the beach. The name is derived from the Irish deilg ( “tag”) and Old Norse ey ( “island”).

King of Dalkey

This putative elective monarchy is a tradition for the people of Dalkey [1].Freemen of Dalkey inherited the right to choose the king by boredom young blood back in Dublin in 1787. They formed a club in which they roped WITS, poets and thinkers. They summoned “Pimlico House” – named for the rights and Dublin, and from an assembly room they threw broadsides country humbug and pomposity of the Castle (Dublin Castle) and its hack.

The full title is the most impressive “King of Dalkey, Emperor of the Vikings (Ringrose), Prince of the Holy Island Magee, Baron of Bulloch, Seigneur of Sandycove, Defender of the Faith and Respector of all others, the Elector of Lambay and Ireland’s Eye, and Sovereign the most famous Order of the lobster and Periwinkle. “Over the years twenty knee-breeched courtiers in 18th century costume attended the King of Dalkey on Coronation Day. In later times, the costumes were rented from a theater costumiers in Dublin.Fun was the royal order of the day for all involved.

More than # 420 attended the royal procession, carnival and coronation on August 20, 1797 by Stephen Armitage pawnshop and Printer “King Stephen the first, King of Dalkey.” Since kom1798 Rising and its subsequent political unrest, which broke off this supposed cultural monarchy. However, the tradition successfully revived in 1934 [2], in 1965 and again in 1983, and continues. The current king is the local sexton, Finbarr Madden [3].

The following items (collected by Alice Cullen) refers to the “Royal goings on” make very interesting reading. They are a barometer of the local culture of the times. The first mention of a king Dalkey taken from the 1780 Dublin Historical Record Vol. 1V No. 2 December 1941-February 1942 Glimpses of Old Dalkey FM O’Flanagan [4].

Local tradition says that Hugh Dempsey was crowned “King of Dalkey” around 1780. On the south side of the old church is another stone that says: “This stone was erected by Mr. Murtagh Dempsey in the city of Dublin in memory of his affectionate son, Hugh Dempsey blocks husband of the city that departed this life april 7 1790. ”

local amenities

Quarry

Dalkey Quarry is a disused granite quarry stone that was used during the 19th century to build the Dun Laoghaire harbor, and is now a popular rock-climbing spot in Killiney Hill Park. During the construction of the port, where the quarry is connected via Dun Laoghaire a metal tramway called “Metals, some of which are still visible in some parts of Dalkey.

Ports

There are several small ports on the coast of Dalkey. Bulloch Harbour is the largest; It is in the northern part of Dalkey on Harbour Road and is an outspoken seal sanctuary. Coliemore Harbour is very small but very picturesque and located in the southern part of Dalkey on Coliemore Road.In the Middle Ages Coliemore was the main port of Dublin City. Bulloch Harbour is still a working harbor with boats fishing for lobster and crab. It is also used by locals and tourists who rent boats to nearby fishing, sightseeing and to get to Dalkey Island.

Sport

Cuala CLG, a prominent Gaelic Athletic Association sports, and Dalkey United, an association football club, are both based at Hyde Park. Early in his football career, Paul McGrath played for Dalkey United. In the 1940s, the city produced another footballer of note, Peter Farrell. Recently, it has set up an athletics club, the Dalkey Rowing Club Dashers.Dalkey based on Coliemore Harbour and kayak taught in Bulloch. Dalkey Sea Scouts hold two beautiful old yachts at Bulloch Harbour.

Training

There are five schools in Dalkey. Loreto Primary School caters for boys from junior infants through first grade, and girls from junior infants through sixth grade. Loreto Abbey Secondary School caters for girls from the first year through the sixth year. Harold Boys National School caters for boys from second grade through sixth grade, and St. Patrick’s National School caters for boys and girls from junior infants through sixth grade. Castle School, an independent preparatory school for boys and girls.

Transport

The Dalkey Atmosphere station at atmospheric Road (March 29, 1844 April 12, 1854) [2] was the terminus of the first commercial application of the atmospheric system for train propulsion. [3]

The current Dalkey train station was opened July 10 1854. The station is served by DART electric railway system that provides quick access to and from Dublin centrum.Spektakulära clifftop overlooking Dalkey Island and Killiney Bay is given as a train out of a short tunnel just south of Dalkey Station. Placed on the left side of the train as it leaves Dalkey. Many passengers reported seeing a resident pod of dolphins playing in the water between this point and Killiney Station. The train has been known to slow down if they put on a show!

An Aircoach service with a stop at Hyde road area of Dublin Airport. Dublin Bus services 59, 7d and 8 link with downtown and the nearby port town of Dun Laoghaire Stena Line operates a car ferry to Holyhead in UK.

People

Dalkey is the original hometown of two well-known Irish writers: novelist Maeve Binchy and playwright Hugh Leonard. It is also the setting for Flann O’Brien’s novel The Dalkey Archive . In recent years, several well-known Irish and international music figures – including U2 members Bono and The Edge, Enya, Chris de Burgh and Van Morrison – have bought homes in the area.Film director Neil Jordan live in the city.

Pat Kenny (former host of RTÉ’s flagship chat show The Late Late Show ) resides. Current values of The Late Late Show , Ryan Tubridy also live in the area.

Formula One driver Damon Hill and Eddie Irvine, is a former resident who is the singer Lisa Stansfield and Jim Kerr.

James Joyce and George Bernard Shaw also have close associations with the area. Shaw lived in Torca Cottage on Dalkey Hill 1866-1874 and Joyce lived in Joyce Tower at Sandycove for a time and set the first chapter of his masterpiece, Ulysses, there.

Victoria Cross recipient Major William Leet born in Dalkey.

Rees Ringrose, a programmer who designed many fitness websites, born and residing in Dalkey.

annual festivals

Dalkey Book Festival

Now in its fourth year, Dalkey Book Festival was established to celebrate and promote the wealth of literary talent in and around the city. The festival takes place over a weekend in mid-June each year. Festival directors, David McWilliams and Sian Smyth, working with the support of a superb group of volunteers and Dalkey Business Group to ensure the festival’s success. The long list of the grant included Salman Rushdie, Amos Oz, Seamus Heaney, Edna O’Brien, Roddy Doyle, Maeve Binchy, Joseph O’Connor, Tim Pat Coogan, Derek Landy, Jennifer Johnston, Robert Fisk, Eamon Morrissey, John Waters, Matt Cooper, Julian Gough, Dawn O’Porter and Sinéad Cusack.

Lobster, crab and all that jazz

Now in its third year this festival, which takes place in late August, is a mix of local seafood and the best of the current global jazz musicians with plenty of fun events for the whole family to enjoy.

Things to do

Dalkey is known for its award-winning pubs and restaurants. Dalkey Main Street, Castle Street, has a 10th century church and two 14th Century Norman castle, which houses the Heritage Centre. There are many scenic and historic walks and excursions. Free tourist maps are available from stores in the city and the Dalkey Castle. Dalkey Hill offers spectacular views of Dublin City, Dublin Bay and Dublin and the Wicklow Mountains. Deilg Inis Living History Theatre Company running live theater performances every half hour at Dalkey Castle and Heritage Centre. Boats are available for rent at Bulloch Harbour on Harbour Road and yacht trips around Dalkey Island can be taken from nearby Dun Laoghaire Harbour. Dalkey Quarry is a very popular rock climbing and rappelling spot. Killiney Hill is a popular launch site for para-gliders, wind coming in from the sea provides good lift.

Swimming

Vico bathing and White Rock Beach, accessed from Vico Road, offers ocean swimming with spectacular views. Both have changed shelters. The ever popular Sandycove Beach and the adjacent “Forty Foot” bathing area is a short walk away next to Joyce Tower. Intrepid local young people can often be seen diving off the piers at Coliemore Harbour.

Wildlife

Dalkey Island is home to a colony of seals that have greatly increased in recent years. A herd of wild goats living on the island as well. BirdWatch Ireland has established a colony of roseate tern in Maiden Rock, just north of Dalkey Island. Recently, a pod three dolphins started frequent waters around Dalkey Island.

See also

  • Dalkey Island
  • dalkey Quarry
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland
  • Dalkey Atmospheric Railway

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area” (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 reports. Central Statistics Office of Ireland. April 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-12. Note: The figure indicated is the sum of the population of Dalkey Avondale, Dalkey Bullock, Dalkey Coliemore, Dalkey Hill and Dalkey Upper sections of the site.
  2. Jump up ^ “Dalkey station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
  3. Jump up ^ Industrial Heritage Ireland

Dublin Bay

Dublin Bay (Irish: Cuan Bhaile Átha Cliath ) is a C-shaped inlet of the Irish Sea on the east coast of Ireland. The bay is about 10 kilometers wide along its north-south base and 7 km in length to a head in the center of Dublin, stretching from Howth Head in the north to Dalkey Point in the south. North Bull Island is located in the northwestern part of the bay, where one of the two major coastal sandbanks low, and has a 5 km long sandy beach, Dollymount Strand, fronting an internationally recognized wildfowl reserve.Many of the rivers of Dublin reach the Irish Sea at Dublin Bay: denfloden Liffey, the River Dodder flow received less than 1 km inland, River Tolka and various smaller rivers.

The metropolitan area in the city of Dublin surrounds three sides of the bay (north, west and south), while the Irish Sea lies to the east. Dublin was founded by the Vikings at the point where they could ford the River Liffey with the first wattle bridge up from the estuary. The city spread from its birthplace, around what is now James Gate area, along the coast, north-east towards Howth and southeast toward Dalkey.

Features

The bay is fairly shallow with numerous sandbars and rock formations, and was notorious in the past for the shipwreck, especially when the wind was from the east. Until modern times, many ships and their passengers lost along the treacherous coast from Howth to Dun Laoghaire, less than a kilometer from the beach. Early maps of the bay show accurately narrow fairways and berthing areas.

The bay had two coastal sandbars, North Bull and South Bull. With the construction of the Bull Wall, started the North Bull to build up rapidly, forming North Bull Island (often simply “Bull Island”). The south wall had been built earlier – the Great South Wall – but did not result in the formation island, South Bull remaining today an area of wetlands and other string. In addition, several offshore sandbars, especially Kish Bank (on which a lighthouse stands).

whence

From north to south, Dublin Bay beaches at Sutton Beach, Dollymount Strand on the North Bull Island, Sandymount, Seapoint and south of Dun Laoghaire. The remaining are either rocky coast (with cliffs on Howth Head, for example) or mud coming up to the dykes. In most areas, the ground slopes gently down to the sea, but apart from Howth Head, there are bluffs along much of the coast Raheny, sharper and hills just inland of Monkstown and Old Dunleary.

History

Over 500 crew and passengers (mostly military personnel) were lost when the steamship RMS Leinster was torpedoed and sunk by German U-Boat UB-123 October 10, 1918. She is 33 meters (108 feet) of water vid53 ° 18.88 ‘N 5 ° 47.71’W.

In 1972, the Dublin Port and Docks Board proposed to build an oil refinery in Dublin Bay. The plan strongly opposed by environmentalists, including Dublin City Councillor Seán D. Loftus, because there is a serious risk of pollution. Loftus, a lifelong campaigner for Dublin Bay, changed his name by deed poll to “Seán Dublin Bay Loftus” when standing for election to the Dáil.Although he was not elected, he managed to publish the issue and the proposal eventually turned down by the Minister of Local Government, James Tully. (Loftus later changed his name by deed poll to “Seán Dublin Bay Rockall Loftus’ as part of a campaign to press the Irish government to make a territorial claim on Rockall island off County Donegal). Loftus also led opposition to the 2002 and subsequent applications from Dublin Port Company to fill in 52 acres (210,000 m 2 ) in Dublin Bay. Other proposals for the Gulf have included a proposal to build giant underwater gas storage tanks, and padding near the lagoon behind the North Bull Island to form an amusement park.

Filling

During the summer of 2010, An Bord Pleanála refused permission to Dublin Port Company to proceed with its plans to filling another 52 acres (210,000 m2 ) in Dublin Bay. [1] The proposed padding, which has fiercely resisted by the residents, [2 ] politicians, [3] [4] [5] environment and others around the Gulf for over 20 years, [6] was rejected at one point. An Bord Pleanála refused nine out of ten of its own inspector recommendations for rejection, but refused permission on the grounds that it was not convinced that the proposed development would not adversely affect the integrity of the South Dublin Bay and River Tolka Estuary proposed Special Protection and negative affect the natural heritage of Dublin Bay. [7] Within a few months after the decision, applied the Dublin port Company and received a pre-application meeting with an Bord Pleanála. Dublin Port Company has redrafted its proposals in relation to the SPA boundary and may send an application for the project.

Flood

Coastal flooding can occur at high tide on several points, particularly the city side of Clontarf and Sandymount.

popular culture

James Joyce in much of the action in his novel Ulysses around the bay, from Forty Foot bathing place-where the character Buck Mulligan washed on Bloomsday morning to Howth, where Leopold Bloom made love to his wife Molly in rhododendrons.

See also

  • Dublin port

References

  1. Jump up ^ “Dublin Bay infill plan is rejected”. Rte. 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  2. Jump up ^ “Bay Watch says no to the plans for the 52-acre infill”.Herald.ie. 29.10.2008. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  3. Jump up ^ “Dublin Bay – Proposed 52-acre infill”. Finianmcgrath.ie.06.15.2008. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  4. Jump up ^ “Dublin Port must abandon the plan to Filling 52 Acres of Dublin Bay – Bruton.” Richardbruton.ie. 2009-11-18. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  5. Jump up ^ “Dublin Port expansion plan refused”. The Irish Times. 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  6. Jump up ^ “BirdWatch Ireland welcomes the rejection of the proposal to the filling part of Dublin Bay.” Birdwatch Ireland – South Dublin Branch.2010-06-09. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  7. Jump up ^ “say no to 52 Acre The filling Dublin Bay”. Clontarf Residents’ Association. In 2010. Taken 2011-04-20.

Sandycove

Sandycove (Irish: Cuas a Ghainimh ) is an area of Dublin, Ireland. It is southeast of Dun Laoghaire and Glasthule, and northwest of Dalkey. It is a popular seaside resort.

Sandycove is well known for its (previous) Mr bathing, the Forty Foot, as before gave a quiet swimming haven for men only. This is still a popular swimming spot, but since the end of the 20s, mixed bathing is permitted.

The writer James Joyce lived for a week as a young man in the Martello Tower is located next to the Forty Foot bathing place at Sandycove. The opening scene of Joyce Ulysses is in this tower. It now hosts a small Joycean Museum, open year-round. [1] Bloomsday celebrated in Sandycove in Joyce’s honor on 16 June of each year.

Close to the tower, by the sea, is the unique landmark developed in the Avant Garde style by Michael Scott, a prominent 20th-century architect who made it his residence.

Transport

Sandycove and Glasthule railway station was opened on October 11, 1855. [2]

On December 20, 1940 during World War II, Luftwaffe bombed the railway station although Ireland was a neutral country. There were three injuries. [3]See the bombing of Dublin during World War II.

Sandycove is also serviced by Dublin Bus numbers 59, 7 and 8.

Sandycove is also close to Dun Laoghaire port with regular services to Holyhead, Wales.

Lifeboat

The first rescue station in Ireland was founded in Sandycove 1803rd

On 28 December 1821 the lifeboat rescued the crew of the brig Ellen in Liverpool . Four volunteers lifeboatmen drowned. [4]

Notable residents

  • Roger Casement was born in Sandycove.
  • Bernard Farrell, playwright
  • William Monk Gibbon, poet and writer
  • Peter Gatenby, Professor and Medical Director of the United Nations, lived in Sandycove. [5]
  • James Joyce stayed briefly in the Martello Tower is located next to the Forty Foot bathing place, as guest of Oliver St. John Gogarty. [6]
  • Lucy Kennedy, programs
  • Jason O’Mara was born and grew up in Sandycove.
  • Oliver St. John Gogarty rented Martello Tower 1904-1925.
  • Imogen Stuart, sculptor and Saoi
  • Maureen Toal, an actress who lived in Sandycove. [7]

See also

  • List of towns and villages in Ireland

External links

  • Official website
  • Sandycove & Glass Thule station

References

  1. Jump up ^ “About | James Joyce Tower and Museum “.Jamesjoycetower.com. Pulled 02/26/2016.
  2. Jump up ^ “Sandycove station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways.Retrieved 2007-09-03.
  3. Jump up ^ storm Approved by: Ireland and the Battle of the Atlantic, 1940-1941, by Trevor Allen; page 63
  4. Jump up ^ Gilligan, Henry (1988). Gill and Macmillan. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-7171-1578-5. Missing or empty (help) | title =
  5. Jump up^ http://www.tcd.ie/news_events/articles/trinity-community-mourns-the-death-of-peter-gatenby-hon-ftcd/5897#.Vedd7PZVikr
  6. Jump up ^ “Bloomsday”. James Joyce Centre. Pulled 02/08/2016.
  7. Jump up ^ ” ‘Greatest’actor Maureen Toal die.” Irish Times. 08.25.2012.Pulled 08/27/2012.

James Joyce Tower and Museum is

James Joyce Tower and Museum is a Martello tower in Sandycove, Dublin, where James Joyce spent six nights (September 9-14) in 1904. [1] Admission is free. [2]

History

The tower was leased from the British War Office by Joyce university friend Oliver St. John Gogarty, with the aim of “Hellenising” Ireland. Gogarty later attributed to Joyce’s abrupt resignation after only six days to a midnight incident with a loaded revolver. [3]

The opening scenes of Ulysses is in the morning after this incident. Gogarty is immortalized as “Stately, plump Buck Mulligan” (the opening words of the novel).

The tower now contains a museum dedicated to Joyce and showing some of her possessions and other ephemera related to Ulysses (such as an empty pot of “Plumtree’s Pickled Meat”). The living space is set up to resemble its 1904 appearance (with a ceramic panther to represent one seen in a dream resident). It is a pilgrimage for Joyce enthusiasts, especially on Bloomsday.

The tower became a museum opening on June 16, 1962 through the efforts of the Dublin artist John Ryan. Ryan also rescued the door of 7 Eccles Street (now the James Joyce Centre) from demolition and organized, by Flann O’Brien, the first Bloomsday Celebration 1954th

James Joyce Tower is open 365 days a year, 10 am-6pm (10am 4pm in winter).Admission is free. The museum is run by Friends of Joyce Tower Society on a voluntary basis.

References

  1. Hoppa upp^Bowker, Gordon (2012). James Joyce: En ny biografi . New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux. pp. 130-131.
  2. Jump up ^ “James Joyce Tower Museum”. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  3. Hoppa upp^ Gogarty, Oliver (1948). Sorg Blev Mrs Spendlove. New York: Creative Age Press. pp. 56-57.

Bibliography

  • Ryan, Susan (20 July 2012). “Joyce Tower set to resume thanks to voluntary support.” TheJournal.ie.

Howth Head

Howth Head ( Ceann Bhinn Éadair in Irish) is a peninsula northeast of Dublin in Ireland. Howth falls under the local control of Fingal County Council. Entry to the cape is Sutton while bynHowth and the port is on the north shore. Baily Lighthouse is located on the southeastern part of Howth Head. Nearby are the districts of Baldoyle and Portmarnock.

History

The earliest mention of the peninsula was on a map printed Claudius Ptolemy, where it was called Edri Deserta or Greek Edrou Heremos . It was described as an island, but it is unclear whether this was due to actual separation from the cape or incorrect data cartographer.

Place

Originally an island, [ citation needed ] Howth Head is connected to the mainland by a narrow strip of land, or tombolo, and forms the northern boundary of the large crescent of Dublin Bay, roughly corresponding to Killiney Hill to the south.

Nature

Most of the cape is undulating, with peaks 171 m Black Linn, the Ben of Howth, on a side street off the Green Hill Quarries on Loughereen Hills, Shielmartin Hill (163 m) overlooking Carrickbrack Road, Carrickbrack and Dun Hill. There are also steep areas such as and Muck Rock (Carrickmore), and Kilrock, and there are steep sea cliffs around parts, especially on the north coast. Gorse grows in many places on the Cape. Fires are common during dry summers.

The cliffs supports a large colony of seabirds, especially razorbills, guillemots, fulmars, gulls and cormorants. The scrubland above supports multiple heathland species, including the skylark, meadow pipit, thorns, Linnet, Stonechat ochbuskskvätta. The most commonly seen birds of prey the kestrel, peregrine falcons and buzzards.

Gallery

  • Howth Head watched from the North Bull Island iDublin Bay
  • Cliffs at Howth Head with Baily lighthouse in the distance
  • Baily Lighthouse on the southeastern tip of Howth Head
  • Optics from the Baily lighthouse installed in 1902 and removed in 1972 when the lighthouse was modernized
  • Go on Howth Head

Leisure

As one of the northern ends of the Dublin Area Rapid Transit system (DART), Howth is a popular destination for day-trippers from the capital.Walkers can choose from a wide range of ways, including the Cliff Walk, which leads to the old cairn on one of Howth’s several summits. On clear days, the Wicklow Mountains can be seen, with Dublin below. Slieve Donard, a 852 meter peak in Northern Ireland may also be visible – a distance of 90 km (56 mi) .Ganska often, Snowdon (1085 m) in the Snowdonia National Park in Wales also seen – a distance of 138 km (86 mi ).

popular culture

Howth Head is the place where Leopold Bloom suggests Molly in James Joyce’s Ulysses . In the short story Eveline, another work by James Joyce is from the collection “Dubliners”, it is mentioned that Eveline and her family once had a picnic on the hill of Howth. Howth Head is also central to Joyce final work, Finnegans Wake, where one of the protagonists, HCE, include representatives of the mountain.

The peninsula has also been in the background of several paintings by Irish artist William Orpen (1878-1931).

Howth Head is mentioned in the text of the title track of Kate Bush’s 1989 album The Sensual World : “… took six large wheels and rolled our bodies / off Howth Head and into the flesh, mmh, yes … ‘. The song is inspired by Molly Bloom’s monologue in Joyce’s “Ulysses.”

Howth

Howth (/ h oʊ θ /; Irish: Binn Éadair , which means “Eadar peak”) [2] [3] is a village and outer suburbs of Dublin, Ireland. The district occupies most of the peninsula of Howth Head, which forms the northern boundary of Dublin Bay. Originally just a small fishing village, Howth with its surroundings once rural district is now a busy suburb of Dublin, with a mixture of dense residential development and wild hillside. The only neighboring district on land is Sutton. Howth is also home to one of the oldest occupied buildings in Ireland, Howth Castle.

Howth has been a filming location for movies such as The Last of the High Kings and Boy Eats Girl .

Location and access

Howth is located on the peninsula of Howth Head, which begins about 13 kilometers (8.1 mi) east-northeast of Dublin, on the north side of Dublin Bay. The village is 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) from Dublin city center (the ninth in a series of eighteenth-century milestones from Dublin General Post Office (GPO) is in the village), and extends over most of the northern part of Howth head which is connected to the rest of Dublin via a narrow strip of land (or Tombolo) at Sutton Cross.

Howth is the end of a regional road from Dublin and is one of the two northern ends of the DART suburban rail system. It is served by Dublin Bus.

History and etymology

The name Howth believed to be of Nordic origin, perhaps derived from the Norse Hǫfuð ( “head” in English). Norse Vikings colonized the eastern shore of Ireland and built the settlement of Dublin as a strategic base between Scandinavia and the Mediterranean. Norse Viking first invaded Howth in 819th

After Brian Boru, the High King of Ireland, defeated the Norse in 1014, many Nordic fled to Howth to regroup and remained a force until the final defeat of Fingal in the middle of the 11th century. Howth still under the control of Irish and local Nordic strengths until the invasion of Ireland by the Anglo-Normans in the 1169th

Without the support of either the Irish or Scandinavian powers, Howth isolated and fell to the Normans in 1177. One of the victorious Normans, Armoricus (or Almeric) Tristam, was granted a large part of the land between the village and Sutton. Tristam took on the name of the saint whose feast day the battle was won – St. Lawrence. He built his first castle near the harbor and the St. Lawrence link persists even today, see Earl of Howth. The original title of Baron of Howth granted Almeric St. Lawrence of Henry II of England in 1181, for enKnight fee.

Howth was a port city from at least the 14th century, with both health and duty collection officials monitor from Dublin, but the port was not built until the early 19th century.

A popular tale of piracy Gráinne O’Malley, who was rejected in 1576 while attempting a courtesy visit to Howth Castle, home of the Earl of Howth. In retaliation, she kidnapped Earl’s grandson and heir, and as ransom she exacted a promise that unexpected guests would never be turned back. She also made Earl promise that the gates of Deer Park (earl’s demesne) would never be closed to the public again, and the doors are still open today, and an extra place is set up for unexpected guests for formal dining in the dining room.

In the early 19th century, Howth was chosen as the site of the port of postal packages (postal service) vessels. One of the arguments used against Howth by proponents of Dun Laoghaire was that coaches can sacked in thebadlands of Sutton ! (at the time Sutton was open landscapes.) [1] Due to siltation, dredging the harbor is often needed to accommodate the package and finally the service was moved Dun Laoghaire. George IV visited the port in August 1821st

On 26 July 1914, 900 rifles landed at Howth by Robert Erskine Childers, the Irish Volunteers. Many used against the British in the Easter Rising and the subsequent Anglo-Irish War.

The port radically built in the late 20th century, with diverse areas of fishing and recreational formation and installation of a modern ice-making facility.A new lifeboat house later constructed, and Howth is now home to both the RNLI (lifeboats service) and the Irish Coast Guard.

Features

Howth Head is one of the dominant features of the Dublin Bay, with a number of peaks, the highest of which is the Black Linn. In an area near Shielmartin, there is a small bog, the Bog of Frogs .Vildare parts of Howth is accessible through a network of trails (many are right) and a large part of the center and east are protected as part of a special area of conservation of 2.3 square kilometers (570 acres).

The peninsula has a number of small, fast running streams, three of which runs through the village, with more, including the Bloody Stream, in the adjacent Howth Demesne. The currents passing through the village is from east to west, Coulcour Brook, Grays Brook or Boggeen Stream, and Offington Stream.

Ireland’s Eye Island, part of the special protection area, located about one kilometer north of Howth Harbour, with Lambay Island about 5 km further north. A Martello tower available on each of these islands with another tower overlooking Howth harbor (open as a visitor center and Ye Olde Hurdy Gurdy Museum of Vintage Radio June 8, 2001 [4] ) and another tower at Red Rock, Sutton. These are part of a series of towers built around the coast of Ireland during the 19th century.

Building Heritage

Howth Castle and its estate, Deer Park, are important properties in the area.

Because of Howth Castle is a collapsed dolmen known locally as Aideen’s grave.

At the southeast corner of Howth Head, in the area known as Bail (e) y (historical, Green Bayley) is the automated Baily Lighthouse, the successor to the former security mechanisms, at least as far back as the late 17th century.

In Howth village is St. Mary’s Church and Cemetery. The earliest church was built by Sitric, king of Dublin in 1042. It was replaced around 1235 with a church, and then, in the second half of the 14th century, the present church was built. The building was modified in the 15th and 16th centuries, then raised ends, a bell cote was built and a new porch and south door was added.St. Lawrence of adjacent Howth Castle also changed the east end to act as a private chapel; inside is the tomb of Christopher St. Lawrence, 2nd Baron Howth, who died in 1462, and his wife, Anna Plunkett of Ratoath.

Also of historical interest is the Collegium , at Howth main street.

Amenities and businesses

The area is active commercially, and is part of the area of Howth Sutton Baldoyle Chamber of Commerce. [5] Howth still an active center for the fishing industry, with a particular treatment in the fishing port area, and some boat maintenance.

The village is also home to the Olympic Council of Ireland.

Howth, has been held once at least five hotels, saw the last, Deer Park Hotel, close to April 2014 although premises continues to trade as a bar and a base for Deer Park golf courses with the recent addition of a “Foot Golf” course.The area has several bed-and-breakfast establishments.

The nearest operating hotels (Marine) is located at Sutton Cross, about 2.5 km from Howth Harbour.

Recreation

Howth is a popular area for bird watching and sailing, and is also popular with anglers. Everything from cod to the ray can be caught from Howth rocky beach badges and marine mammals, such as seals, are common sights in and near the harbor. Howth is also a popular destination for cyclists, joggers and hill walkers alike, especially on weekends. Birds regularly seen include razorbills, guillemots, fulmars, gull, Stone, Linnet, thorns, yellowhammer, skylark, wheatear, peregrine falcons, buzzards and kestrels.

local authorities

Howth was in County Dublin from the introduction of the Sheriff of the Normans, and in North Dublin rural area from the start under the Local Government (Ireland) Act in 1898. In 1918 Howth became a separate district with the consent of the Municipal Board for Ireland, and despite the opposition of North Dublin Rural District Council. [6] [7] in 1942 was transferred to Dublin county borough, with Dublin Corporation replaces the urban district council. [7] [8] [9] In 1993, it was away from the city and assigned Fingal County Council, the successor north of the river Liffey to Dublin County Council. [7] [10]

Notable residents

Among Howth’s more famous residents are the Booker Prize -winning author John Banville, U2 drummer Larry Mullen, actor Stuart Townsend, born and raised in Howth. Senator and retail pioneer Feargal Quinn, author Michael Feeney Callan and musicians Barney McKenna (until his death April 5, 2012) and John Sheahan of The Dubliners and Dolores O’Riordan of The Cranberries. Phil Lynott of Thin Lizzy lived in Howth for a time. [11] the late politician and writer Conor Cruise O’Brien and his wife, the Irish poet Máire MHAC a tSaoi lived here for many years. Composer Ciarán Farrell currently lives in Howth. Multiple Eurovision winner Johnny Logan and his father lived tenor Patrick O’Hagan for many years in Howth, and Lynn Redgrave and husband John Clark raised his family there in the early 1970s. Bill Graham, a journalist and writer living in Howth until his death in 1996. John McColgan and Moya Doherty’s wife, founder of Riverdance, has lived in Howth for many years. William Butler Yeats spent part of his childhood in a small house above the cliffs on Balscadden Road in Howth. Broadcaster Seán Moncrieff lives in Howth with his family. Scott Young, who was a Canadian journalist, sportswriter, novelist and father of musician Neil Young and Astrid Young lived in Howth in the late 1980s. Composer Brian Boydell was born in Howth 1917. Current European Ombudsman Emily O’Reilly also lives in Howth with his family of seven. Actor writer and comedian Gary Cooke was staying at the Claremont Road, Howth in the 1970s and 1980s. The eminent judge Gerald Fitzgibbon lived here for many years until his death in 1909: his house, Kilrock, was one of the centers of the Dublin social life from the 1870s onwards.

Transport

Howth Harbour and the islands of Ireland Eye (closest) and Lambay Island in the distance

  • Howth railway station was opened May 30, 1847 [12] is a two platform station terminal served by the Dublin Area Rapid Transit.
  • The Hill of Howth tram ran around the peninsula between the station and Sutton railway station until 1959th
  • Small boats run to Ireland’s Eye in the summer months. The boats are located at the end of the pier. Ireland Eye is one of the best locations near Dublin for birdwatching.
  • Dublin Bus runs 31 service to Howth Summit through Howth village and 31B serving more distant side of the peninsula. The 31B also ends in Howth Summit, but it does not pass Howth Village. The 31B offers stunning views especially upstairs.

There is also a new bus route that started to take effect in 2013 31A, which takes an almost identical way to 31, but does not stop at Howth Summit, but continues to Shielmartin.

  • Howth is also home to the National Transport Museum of Ireland which houses many public service and road transport vehicles from the previous year. [13]

See also

  • References and sources list of monasteries and priories in Ireland (Dublin)
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland
  • List of RNLI stations
  • Howth head
  • Ben of Howth
  • Hill of Howth Tramway

Remarks

  1. Jump up ^ “Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area” (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 reports. Central Statistics Office of Ireland. April 2007. Taken 2011-06-08.
  2. Jump up ^ Dublin, Ireland, 1975; The houses of the Oireachtas: The placenta Order (Irish forms) (No. 1) (Postal) / A Tordu Logainmneacha (Foirmeacha Gaeilge) (. Uimh 1) (Postbhailte)
  3. Jump up ^ “Howth”. Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved July 6, 2012. This website quote: AD Mills (2003), A Dictionary of British place names , Oxford University Press.
  4. Hoppa upp^http://homepage.eircom.net/~HowthSuttonLions/environment.htm
  5. Hoppa upp^ Howth Sutton Baldoyle Chamber of Commerce
  6. Jump up ^ Local Government Board for Ireland. “Local Government (Ireland) seems”. Annual report for the year 1916-1917. Paper Command.Cmd.8765. p. 17.
  7. ^ Jump up to: abc Ministry of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (8 May 2008). “Appendix III – Some points of the city government.” A Green Paper on Local Government. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  8. Jump up ^ “Local Government (Dublin) (Amendment) Act 1940”. Irish Statute Book. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  9. Jump up ^ “SI No. 372/1942 – The Local Government (Dublin) (Amendment) Act, 1940 (appointed day) Order, 1942”. Irish Statute Book.Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  10. Jump up ^ “Local Government (Dublin) Act, 1993”. Irish Statute Book.Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  11. Jump up ^ He is buried in St. Fintan Graveyard at Sutton side of Howth Head, who is also the burial place of Charles Haughey, three times Prime Minister of Ireland
  12. Jump up ^ “Howth station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-09-03.
  13. Hoppa upp^ http://www.nationaltransportmuseum.org/about.html

Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown

Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown [1] (Irish: Dún Laoghaire-Rath en Duin ) is a municipality in Ireland. It is part of the Dublin region in the province of Leinster. It is named after the former town of Dun Laoghaire and barony of Rathdown. Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county is 206,261 according to the census of 2011. [2]

Geography and political subdivisions

Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown is bordered to the east by the Irish Sea, in the north of the local government area of Dublin City Council, in the west of South Dublin and the south of County Wicklow .University College Dublin and Dun Laoghaire Institute of Art, Design and Technology in the county . It is one of three small counties to which County Dublin was divided in 1994. Located in sydöstraDublin city, its county town is Dun Laoghaire. It is one of the four parts of the Dublin Region. It was created in 1994 through the merger of the areas covered by the Corporation of Dun Laoghaire and southeastern part of the former county Dublin. In addition, the powers of the former Dean Grange Joint Burial Board were incorporated in the new agency.As part of the Dublin Region , the Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown within the geographical area of responsibility Dublin Regional Authority. Following the adoption of the Local Government Act 2001, the Regional Authority set up.[3] It is one of eight such agencies in the state.

Cities, villages and suburbs

See also: List of townlands in County Dublin

  • Ballinteer
  • Ballybrack
  • black stone
  • Booterstown
  • Belfield
  • Cry
  • Cabinteely
  • Carrickmines
  • cherrywood
  • Church
  • Clonskeagh
  • Dalkey
  • Dean Grange
  • Dundrum
  • Dun Laoghaire
  • Foxrock
  • Goatstown
  • Glasthule
  • Glenageary
  • Glencullen
  • Johnstown
  • Killiney
  • Kilmacud
  • Kilternan
  • Leopards
  • Loughlinstown
  • Monks
  • Mount Merrion
  • Rathfarnham
  • Sandyford
  • Sandycove
  • Sallynoggin
  • Shankill
  • Step aside
  • Stillorgan
  • Ticknock

Terminology and etymology

The name Rathdown is a Anglicisation of the Irish “Ráth en Duin,” which means “ring forts of the fort.” Dun Laoghaire, means “Laoghaire’s fast.”

In Ireland, the word “county” has traditionally come before rather than after the county’s name: thus ” County Clare” in Ireland as opposed to “ClareCounty ” in Michigan, USA. But the counties created after 1994 often drop the word “County” completely or use it by name, such as Internet search engines show many more uses of Irish seats in the “Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown” than either “Rathdown County Dun Laoghaire-” or “Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown County “. There seems to be no official guidance on the issue and the local authorities use all three forms. [4]

There is no “Rathdown” city in the county. The modern county is basically the same divisions as medieval half-barony of Rathdown, a division of County Dublin.

Although it is the smallest county in Ireland in terms of area, it is also the county with the longest name. In addition, the official legal name of the county, in English, is spelled without a síneadh fada on the “u” in the Irish-speaking part of the name “Dun Laoghaire” [5] (although the current style in the county is to use síneadh fada on the name in both Irish and English). [6] thereason for this [ citation needed ] is that the names of the new Dublin county councils never examined at committee level in the Houses of the Oireachtas, and was last changed in 1991 local Government Act, which took effect. Both parliamentary debates and Dublin County Council’s own reorganization report published in 1992 concluded that the name Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown was “unacceptable”. A one-year proviso in the 1993 Local Government (Dublin) Act to change the name of the county at the local level were allowed by the new Council. The legislation allows the elected members of the Council to comment on further legislation to change the name of the county.

County insignia

The motto on the insignia of the County Council’s reading, Ó Chuan go Sliabh , Irish for “From the port to the mountain.” The crown of the device is that King Lóegaire mac Neill (Laoghaire, the högkung in the fifth century, who lived in the area).

Local governments and politics

Main article: Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown County Council

Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown County Council is the local authority for the county. There are six local electoral areas (Leah) for the county that once a total of 28 Council as follows: Ballybrack (6), Black Rock (4), Dundrum (6), Dun Laoghaire (6), “Glencullen / Sandyford” (3) still means (3).

1986 “administrative region” of Dublin was divided into three “electoral counties.” Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown, Dublin – Fingal, Dublin – Belgard [7] In 1994, the Dublin County Council and the Corporation of Dun Laoghaire was abolished and the three electoral counties became “administrative counties”, named Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown, Fingal and South Dublin respectively. [8] In 2001, the “administrative counties” was redesignated as simply “county”. The three counties with Dublin is Dublin region. The label “Dublin” continues to be used informally for this area (the city has been administered separately from Dublin since 1548).

For elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is divided between constituencies in Dun Laoghaire (4 representatives) and Dublin Rathdown (three representatives), with the division generally runs längsN11. These constituencies currently has four Fine Gael TD, a Green Party TD, an anti-austerity Alliance People before Profit TD and an independent TD.

Dublin region represents the Dublin constituency in the European elections.

Transport

The Dublin Area Rapid Transit system runs through the east coast of the county and connects to the center of Dublin in the north as well as other points north and south of Iarnród Éireann railway system, with connections to the Intercity train. The green Luas line runs through the center of the county.

There is a medium sized ferry port at Dun Laoghaire, with ferry crossings to and from Holyhead in North Wales, this is a popular route for tourists traveling across the Irish Sea from Great Britain. With the advent of faster boats have day trips with Dun Laoghaire Harbour has become more popular.

footnotes

  1. Jump up ^ Electoral Change Act 2009 – Schedule
  2. Jump up ^ Census 2011 – County Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown Overview
  3. Jump up ^ (regional authorities) Establishment Order 1993.
  4. Jump up ^ Fingal County Council website, which (apart from the references to the Council itself) both “Fingal County” and “Fingal County” appears, but much less frequently than “Fingal” alone.
  5. Jump up ^ Local Government (Dublin) Act 1993 – Section 9 (2c)
  6. Jump up ^ DLRcoco.ie
  7. Jump up ^ “Local Government (Reorganisation) Act, 1985, section 12”.Irish Statute Book. Retrieved February 14, 2014. “SI No. 400/1993 – The Local Government (Dublin) Act, 1993 Initial Order, 1993.”. Irish Statute Book. Taken 14 februari2014.
  8. Jump up ^ “SI No. 400/1993 – The Local Government (Dublin) Act, 1993 Initial Order, 1993.”. Irish Statute Book. Retrieved February 14, 2014.”Local Government (Dublin) Act, 1993″. Irish Statute Book. Retrieved February 14, 2014.

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