CategoryCounty Donegal

Tory Island

Tory Island , or simply Tory (officially known by its Irish name Toraigh ), [1]is an island, 14.5 kilometers (9.0 miles) off the northwest coast of County Donegal in Ireland. It is also known in Irish as Tory Island or, historically,Oilean Thu Rí . [2]

Language

The main spoken language on the island is Irish, but English is spoken in order to communicate with visitors. Tory is a part of Donegal Gaeltacht and Ulster Irish is the main Irish dialect in use.

Geography and transportation

The island is about 5 kilometers (3 miles) long and one kilometer (0.6 miles) wide. [3] The 2002 census recorded a population of 133. [4] [5] [6] The population is divided among four towns – An Baile Thoir (East Town), An Baile Thiar(West Town), A LAR (Middletown) and Úrbaile (Newtown). [2] in August 2010, the king of Tory confirmed that there were 96 people living on the island. [citation needed ]

Petrol and diesel are from Tory Oil at prices considerably higher than on the mainland. [7] [ no citation given ]

Tory has no airport, but has regular ferry services from the mainland, County Donegal. [8] The ferry travels daily from April to October, five times a week during the rest of the year. The ferry does not take cars, but can accommodate up to 70 passengers. [9] During the winter months, maritime links not be possible because of rough seas – but from November to March, driving a small 4-seater helicopter from Falcarragh to Tory every other Thursday. [ Needed citation ]

History

antiques

In the apocryphal history of Ireland Lebor Gabála Érenn, Tory Island, was the site of conand’s Tower, a stronghold of the Fomorians, before being defeated by Nemedians in a great battle on the island. The latter Fomorian King Balor of the Evil Eye also lived here. [10] Balor would imprison Ethlinn in a tower built on top of Tor Mór (or luck mother in the Old Irish, meaning that the high tower). Tor Mór is the island’s highest point.

A monastery was founded on Tory in the 6th century by Colmcille. The monastery dominated life on the island until 1595, when it was sacked and destroyed by English troops wage a war of repression against local chiefs.The monastery’s bell tower is the largest structure in order to survive and was built in the 6th or 7th century. [ Citation needed ]

Early Modern History

In 1608, the siege of Tory Island, one of the last cases of O’Doherty revolt took place when a surviving group of rebels took refuge in the castle, only to start killing each other to secure enbenådning.

The Battle of Tory Island, the last action in the Irish rebellion in 1798, took place in the sea nearby.

“The King of Tory,” Patsy Dan Rodgers, waiting near the harbor welcoming visitors to the island

recent history

On October 27, 1914, the British lost their first battleship of World War I: The British super-dreadnought battleship HMS Audacious (23,400 tonnes) was reduced from Tory Island, through a minefield as the armed German merchant cruiser Berlin . The loss was kept an official secret in Britain until 14 November 1918 (3 days after the end of the war). The reduction was witnessed and photographed by passengers on the RMS Olympic sister ship the RMS Titanic .

Since 1950 the island has been home to a small community of artists, and has its own art gallery. The English artist Derek Hill was associated with Tory artist colony. [11]

Reflects a long tradition, is a “king” was elected by consensus islanders. The current Rí Thoraí (Irish for “King of Tory”) is a painter Patsy Dan Rodgers (Patsaí Dan Mac Ruaidhrí ) .Kungen has no formal powers, but the duties of being a spokesman for the island community and welcoming people to the island. [12]

The power generated on the island today from three diesel generators. [13]These have a total capacity of 4 MW and burn through about 500 liters of fuel every day. [ Citation needed ]

Public attention was focused on the island in 2009 as a one-time resident received a payout after a trial after his house was demolished and the grounds as a parking space. [14] In 2015, the island’s only coffee shop destroyed by fire. [15]

demography

The table below presents data on Tory Island population is taken from theDiscover Islands Ireland (Alex Ritsema, Collins Press, 1999) and census Ireland. Bills in Ireland before 1841 are not complete and / or accurate.

historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1841 399
1851 402 + 0,8%
1901 335 -16,7%
1951 257 -23,3%
Year Pop. ±%
1996 169 -34,2%
2002 133 -21,3%
2006 142 + 6,8%
2011 144 + 1,4%
Source: John Chambers. “Islands – Change in population 1841 – 2011”.Irishislands.info. Retrieved February 22, 2015.

Tourism

Tory Island has a number of historical and mythological sites:

  • Dun Bhaloir (Balor Fort) is located on the island’s east side. This peninsula is surrounded on three sides by 90-meter (295-foot) cliffs.Fort Balor reached only by crossing a narrow isthmus, defended by four earthen walls. [16]
  • A Eochair Mhor (The big key) is a long, steep-sided spur jutting out from the eastern side of the peninsula and ending in a crag called a Tor Mór (the big rock). Spur has prominent rocky pinnacles – these are called “Balor soldiers” ( Saighdiúirí Bhaloir ). They give the spur a ‘toothed’ appearance and contribute to the name, “The big key.”
  • The Wishing Stone is a steep flat-topped rock beside the northern cliff face Balor Fort. Traditionally, a wish granted to anyone foolhardy enough to step onto the rock, or who succeeds throwing three stones on it.
  • A Cloigtheach (Bell Tower) is the largest structure to have survived the destruction of the monastery (see history section above). The tower was built in the 6th or 7th century.
  • Tau Cross (a t-shaped cross) is believed to originate from the 12th century. It is one of only two Tau crosses in Ireland (the other in Kilnaboy, County Clare).
  • Móirsheisear (Grave of the Seven): Móirsheisear, which actually translates as ‘big six’ – an archaic term for seven – is the tomb of seven people, six men and a woman, who drowned when their boat capsized off Scoilt a Mhóirsheisear (the cleft of seven) on the island’s northwest coast. According to local superstition, clay from the woman’s grave has the power to ward off pests. [16]
  • The lighthouse stands at the western end of the island, was built between 1828 and 1832 to a design by George Halpin, a famous designer Irish lighthouses. In April 1990, the lighthouse was automated. The lighthouse is one of three in Ireland where a reference station for Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) are installed. The lighthouse is at coordinates 55 ° 16.357’N 8 ° 14.964’W
  • Torpedo: a torpedo can be seen midway between Baile Thiar and An Baile Thoir. It washed ashore during World War II and defused and erected at its present location. [16]

Flora and fauna

The island is an important bird area. [17] It is a nesting site for corn crakes (Crex crex ), a globally endangered species whose numbers have fallen by the intensification of agriculture. In 2007, registered Tory Island 18 calling males, down from a maximum of 34 calling males the past year 2003. In addition to its native bird life, the island records many vagrants. [18]

Ancient records of the flora and fauna of this island can be found in Hyndman. S notes about the history of the island [19] Algae are available locally include: Fucus vesiculosus , Fucus nodosus , Himanthalia lorea ,Laminaria digitata , Rhodomenia laciniata , Plocamium coccineum , Ptilota plumosa , Conferva rupestrus , Codium tomtntosum , Codium adha’s The Dr. Harvey. [19]

The island has no trees because of its high winds. [20]

See also

  • Ireland portal
  • islands portal
  • List of abbeys and priories in County Donegal

References and further reading

  1. Hoppa upp till: en b cheating (Gaeltacht Districts) Order 2004
  2. Jump up to: ab Tory Islanders, a 1978 ethnographic account of R. Fox
  3. Jump up ^ A place of enchanting beauty – BBC News article
  4. Jump up ^ CSO.ie – 2002 Census
  5. Jump up ^ Geological Survey of Ireland – Draft Groundwater Body Report – September 2005
  6. Jump up ^ Donegal County Council Report – Taobh tires (a better library service for rural areas) – July 2003
  7. Hoppa upp^ Pumps.ie – Tory Oil, West Town, Tory Island
  8. Jump up ^ Ferries departurt from Magheroarty and Bunbeg, with occasional traffic from Portnablath. The shortest crossing (Magheroarty to Tory Island) takes about 45 minutes. Oileanthorai.com – Official Tory Island Tourism Site – Travel details
  9. Jump up ^ Tory Island Ferry, County Donegal
  10. Jump up ^ GH Kinahan “Donegal Folk-lore. Ballor of the evil eye ” Folk-Lore Journal . Volume 5, the 1894th
  11. Jump up ^ Funeral arrangements artist Derek Hill – RTÉ News article July 31, 2000
  12. Jump up ^ “Patsy Dan Rodgers – Tory Island artist, musician and King of Tory, County Donegal” .Patsydanrodgers.littleireland.ie. Retrieved November 10, 2008.
  13. Jump up ^ Navigator – Tory Island | Island life
  14. Jump up ^ Telegraph.co.uk – Hotel turned director home to a parking lot – November 11, 2009
  15. Jump up ^ Tory Island Cafe destroyed by fire
  16. ^ Jump up to: abc Oileanthorai.com – Official Tory Island Tourism Website – Attractions
  17. Jump up ^ BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tory Island. Retrieved from http: //www.birdlife.org on 17 June 2015
  18. Jump up ^ birds and wildlife in Tory Island, brochure published by BirdWatch Ireland
  19. ^ Jump up to: ab Hyndman, GC 1852nd . Remarks about the natural history of Tory Island Ulster J.Archaeol. 1 : 34-3
  20. Hoppa upp^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/irish/articles/view/359/english

Slieve League

Slieve League , sometimes Slieve Leag or Slieve Liag (Irish: Sliabh Liag), [1] is a mountain on the Atlantic coast of County Donegal, Ireland. At 601 meters (1,972 ft), it has some of the highest sea cliffs on the island of Ireland.[2] Although less known than the Cliffs of Moher in County Clare, Slieve League cliffs reaching almost three times higher.

Den Belfast natura Robert Lloyd Praeger skrev 1939:

A long mountain at nearly 2,000 feet, steep on its northern side, has been devoured by the sea to the south side forms a precipice likewise falling on this side right into the Atlantic Ocean from the long knife edge that forms the top. Travers of this ridge is the “One Man’s Path”, one of the most remarkable walks available in Ireland – not really dangerous, but needs a good head and careful progress on a stormy day …. The northern cliff, which drops 1,500 feet in Coombs that surrounds the small Lough Agh, houses the majority of alpine plants of Slieve League, the most diverse group of Alpine’s available anywhere in Donegal. [3]

The road to the viewpoint

Slieve League is often photographed from a viewpoint called Bunglass. It can be reached by a narrow road that departs from Teelin. The final few kilometers this road built along a cliff and includes several places where it shows on the crest of a rise.

Photo gallery

  • Slieve League East end
  • Expanded view of the east side of Slieve League
  • En mans Path
  • looking down
  • Across the top

See also

  • Croaghaun , havsklippor på ön Achill Island

References

  1. Jump up ^ Marshall, David (2006). Best walks in Ireland . London: Frances Lincoln, p. 139. ISBN 978-0-7112-2420-9.
  2. Jump up ^ “road tripping on Ireland’s Wild Atlantic Way ‘. Travel addicts. June 22, 2014. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
  3. Jump up ^ Praeger, Robert Lloyd (1997). The way I went: an Irishman in Ireland . Cork: Collins Press, p. 41. ISBN 978-1-898256-35-9

The Rosses

The Rosses (officially known by its Irish name, Na Rosa , [1] in the genitiveNa Rosann ) is a geographical and social area in the west of County Donegal, Ireland, with a population of over 7000 centered on the town of Dungloe, which serves as the educational, shopping and commercial center for the area. Defined by physical borders in the form of rivers, as well as history and language, the area has a distinct identity, separate from the rest of Donegal.The extensive region situated between the parish of Gweedore in the north and the town of Glenties in the south. Much of the Rosses is in Gaeltacht, which means that Irish is the spoken language. The Rosses, Cloughaneely and Gweedore, known locally as ” the three parishes ” with 16,000 Irish speakers, together form a social and cultural region different from the rest of the county, with Gweedore serves as the main center for socializing and industry. [2] [3] Gaeltacht lair is another Irish-speaking area.

Irish

The following is a list of electoral divisions in the area:

  1. En Clochan Liath (1785) (15%)
  2. Anagaire (2138) (55%)
  3. Great Arran (529) (62%)
  4. Inis Mhic en Rutland (1410) (9%)
  5. En Duchoraidh (78) (34%)
  6. Lettermacaward en Ward (650) (19%)
  7. En Links (615) (15%)
  8. Cro Birch (170) (60%)

Culture

Once a predominantly Irish -speaking area in recent generations, English has become increasingly common. Irish is still widely used in some areas, including parts of the island of Arranmore, the townland of Ranafast and the village of Annagry. In some areas, the hills around Dungloe, around Loughanure and in the pockets of Doochary and Lettermacaward, the Irish dominant.

Locals are said to have a preference for the Gaelic football of football, which is often the case in rural areas of the country. The area field a number of football clubs, both in football and Gaelic football. Keadue Rovers from lower Rosses has traditionally been the area’s strongest football teams, while Dungloe has been the strongest in Gaelic football. There is also a strong tradition of songwriting in the area, Seán McBride (1906-1996) from Cruit Island wrote the popular song “home of Donegal”.

There are links between the people of the Rosses and Scotland, Glasgow in particular because of the economic need for emigration in the past and the strong ties forged over generations as a result. Many people from The Rosses, like people from other parts of County Donegal also has settled istaden Derry, especially since the late 1840s.

Geography

The area is bounded by the river Gweebarra to south, Gweedore River to the north, the mountains and Derryveagh Gweebarra River (Doochary Bridge) to the east and the Atlantic Ocean in the west. The name comes from “Rose”, the Irish word for cape. The area is a rocky barren landscape, studded with a myriad of lakes and bays in the sea.

Transport

The Rosses Donegal has only airport in Carrickfinn. Various coach companies serving the area.

History

The Rosses has been inhabited since ancient times, and the old church of St Crona in Termon near Dungloe has been dated to the 6th century. It was the site of a monastery founded by St Crona, a cousin of the Royal Saint Columcille, founder of the monastic settlement on Iona, and was the center of the parish Temple Crone.

In the 16th century, a number of ships from the Spanish Armada sank off or landed off the coast.

economy

Historically, The Rosses has relied heavily on the hospitality, tourism and the fishing industry as the mainstay of its economy. The area has its own domestic food chain called the Copesom has been very successful. There is very little manufacturing industry in Rosses apart from a few companies in Dungloe.

COPE is a cooperative indigenous to the area, with two large stores in Dungloe (one photo) and several others around the other parts of the Rosses.

Tourism

The area claims a large part of Donegal tourism revenue, because of its famous landscape [4] and many festivals, including Mary from Dungloe International Festival. There is a very strong tradition of marching bands emanating from the region; the area has many All-Ireland championship bands in all grades and disciplines. [5] [6]

Notable people from Rosses

  • Packie Bonner, past Ireland goalkeeper
  • Goats are not straight, folk bands
  • Niall O’Donnell, lexikograf
  • Daniel O’Donnell, singer
  • Peadar O’Donnell, socialist and writer
  • Pat the Cope Gallagher , MEP
  • Margo, singer
  • Séamus Ó Grianna, writer
  • Seosamh Mac Grianna, writer
  • Skara Brae, folk band

Townlands i Rosses

  • Annagry ( Anagaire )
  • Braade ( Braade )
  • Burton ( sections en Crescent )
  • Carrickfinn ( Carrick Fhinne Eller Carrick Finn )
  • Crolly ( Croithlí ) (half of which is located in Gweedore)
  • Doochary ( An Dúchoraidh )
  • Dungloe ( Dungloe )
  • Keadue ( Keadue )
  • Kincasslagh ( Above Caslach )
  • Lettermacaward / Letterkenny ( Leitir Mhic en Bard )
  • Loughanure ( Lake en Newry )
  • Maghery ( Year Mhachaire )
  • Meenbanad ( Meenbanad )
  • Mullaghduff ( Top Black )
  • Ranafast ( Rannafast )
  • Roshine

Islands

  • Arranmore ( Arranmore )
  • Harp ( The Croft )
  • Iniscaoragh ( Mutton )
  • Inisfree ( Inishfree )
  • Owey Island ( students Slab )

See also

County Galway

  • Galway City Gaeltacht
  • Connemara Gaeltacht
  • South Connemara
  • Aran Islands
  • Joyce Country

County Donegal

  • Gaoth Dobhair
  • Cloughaneely
  • Gaeltacht en lya

County Kerry

  • West Kerry Gaeltacht

County Mayo

  • Erris and Achill Gaeltacht

External links

  • Gaeltacht Irish language 2007

References

  1. Hoppa upp ^ placen (Gaeltacht Districts) Order 2004
  2. Hoppa upp^http://www.donegaldemocrat.ie/news/cloughaneely_1_1986720
  3. Jump up ^ http://www.letterkennypost.com/2007/05/page/2/
  4. Hoppa upp^ http://www.donegalgameanglers.com/home/index.php?id=73
  5. Hoppa upp^ http://www.nwipp-newspapers.com/DN/free/305192561911347.php
  6. Hoppa upp^ http://www.burtonport.net/Page3.html

St Eunan’s Cathedral, Raphoe

St Eunan Cathedral (also known as Raphoe Cathedral) is one of two cathedral churches United Diocese of Derry and Raphoe in the Church of Ireland. It is in Raphoe, County Donegaloch is dedicated to Saint Eunan (Adomnán of Iona) (627/8 – 704), who was Abbot of Iona (679-704). The second pin Cathedral St Columb’s Cathedral.

The oldest part of the present building is the southeast corner, which goes back to the 12th century. The rest of the cathedral is a mixture of progressive remodeling and changes dating from the 17th to the late 19th centuries. A major restoration, almost a reconstruction of the medieval cathedral was taken care of by The Rt. Reef. Dr. George Montgomery around 1605. [1]Montgomery had been chaplain to King James I, and was nominated not only Bishop of Raphoe, but Clogher and Derry simultaneously.

After centuries of modifications and restorations, much of the current building dates from the 1730s. The entrance is through the porch under the tower was built in 1738 by Bishop Forster (1716-1744).

By the 1870s the building had once been mistreated and neglected. It attracted adverse criticism by many church people and ecclesiologists. A high church architect, Sir Thomas Drew, described the cathedral as “the most neglected church in the diocese but is located in the richest part of Donegal.”

In 1892 Drew was asked to initiate a plan for restoration that uncovered a large part of the medieval fabric while “medievalizing” most of the rest of byggnaden.Katedralen retains characteristic of many of these medieval buildings where larger bodies of priests offered more elaborate liturgies of the quire or chancel is longer than denlånghuset.

funerals

  • Alexander Cairncross (Archbishop)
  • Alexander Montgomery (1720-1800) – “Old Sandy”, MP för County Donegal i 32 år.

Gallery

  • St Eunan Cathedral, Raphoe
  • Entrance doors in the Cathedral
  • St Eunan Cathedral, Raphoe

See also

  • Dean of Raphoe
  • Bishop of Derry and Raphoe
  • Cathedral of St. Eunan and St. Columba in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Raphoe

References

  1. Hoppa up^ http://www.askaboutireland.ie/reading-room/history-heritage/heritage-towns/the-heritage-towns-of-don/raphoe/st.-eunans-cathedral-raph/

Raphoe

Raphoe (/ r æ f oʊ / Irish: Ráth Bhoth ) is a town in County Donegal, Ireland.It is the largest city in the fertile district of East Donegal called Laggan, as well as giving its name to the Barony of Raphoe and although the Catholic Diocese of Raphoe and the Church of Ireland (or Anglican) diocese Derry and Raphoe.

The Burn Deele (Irish: An Daoil ; also spelled in English as Dale Burn) is aburn (a small river) that flows a short distance south of Raphoe. Burn Deele flows eventually, through the village Ballindrait, the River Foyle, just north of Lifford.

Name

Raphoe , historically Raffoe , [2] comes from the Irish Ráth Bhoth , which consists of the words Ráth (fast) and two (hut). This refers likely mud and wattle huts surrounded by a strong fortified hill. [3] It is believed these huts were built by monks in the early Christian period.

History

The rich farmland around Raphoe has been inhabited and cultivated for thousands of years, and evidence of this can be seen through monuments such Beltany Circle, just off staden.Domarringen is one of the largest in Ireland with a diameter of 44 meters (165 feet) and consists of more than sixty blocks in all. The site is believed to date to about 2000 BC, and it was originally a closed cairn. Its name is believed to be linked to the Celtic festival of fertility called “Beltane”. [4]

Around 550 AD Columba (also known as Colmcille), one of the three patron saints of Ireland, founded a monastic settlement in området.Denna website has been further developed by his relative Eunan, which gives its name to the city’s cathedral and is the patron saint of the Diocese of Raphoe.

1198, John de Courcy, a Norman knight who had invaded Ulster in 1177, returned to County Donegal to devastate Inishowen and road ruined churches on Ardstraw, County Tyrone and Raphoe. [5]

The design of the modern city is traced to the Ulster Plantation in the early 17th century, when the city was granted English and Scottish settlers. It was these settlers who laid out the town with “Diamond” in the center, in a similar way as other Plantation cities somDerry and Donegal.

Raphoe Castle

Main article: Raphoe Castle

Built in the 1630s as the Bishop’s Palace, the “castle”, which is now a ruin, was besieged during the Irish rebellion in 1641, was captured by Cromwell’s troops in 1650 and was injured by supporters of King James II and VII of the 1689th Although still awaiting restoration, Raphoe Castle is probably the most impressive castles in Donegal. In 1633, John Leslieöversattes from the Scottish look of the islands to become Bishop of Raphoe. Married at the age of 67, absorbing the Bishopric of Clogher at the age of 90, dominated the Leslie area until his death, aged 100 in 1671. Feeling threatened in its new location, he built himself a new palace on a hill overlooking the city using stone from an old Round Tower in 1637. This proved fortuitous when the rebellion broke out in 1641, and the bishop was forced to shelter in the “castle” as it has come to be known, until relieved by Lagganeer army. Eight years later, Leslie, royalist besieged by Cromwellian troops. This time, he was forced to surrender, but unlike almost any other bishop in Ireland survived Leslie and returned to his See of the restoration in 1660. A leading figure in the established church, Bishop Leslie was no friend of either Catholic or non-conformist . 1664, he ordered four dissenting Presbyterian ministers to appear before his court, and when they did not appear, had them arrested and imprisoned in Lifford prison. [6] A century later, in 1798, the castle was attacked again, this time by the United Irishmen, three of whom were killed.The castle was destroyed in a fire in 1838 [7]

Raphoe Cathedral

Main article: St Eunan’s Cathedral, Raphoe

St. Columcille and St. Eunan ninth Abbot of Iona, had churches in Raphoe in the 5h and 6th century. Several 9th century boulders can be found in the porch and in the north wall of the present cathedral. The southeast corner is the 12th century. The last building is from the 1730s. Supper plate is also noteworthy.

Notes bishops including Bishop George Montgomery, the first Protestant bishop 1605-1610, a Scotsman, who was mainly involved in regaining church lands, and Bishop Andrew Knox 1611-1633, which started to repair and rebuild the cathedral. A stone inscribed “And. Knox II. Epi. Cura “, into the porch, commemorates him. Bishop John Leslie had previously been a soldier and had his own private army which he led in battle. Bishop Philip Twysden, 1747-1752, spent much time in Raphoe but squandered the family fortune in London; According to recent reports, he was shot while robbing a stagecoach.

Sandy Montgomery, a kinsman of Bishop Montgomery is in the cemetery.His inscription reads: “Here lyeth Build Alexander Montgomery, Esq., Who departed this life 29 September 1800, aged 78. He represented this once independent country, 32 years” [6]

Beltany Stone Circle

Main article: Beltany paving

On top of Beltany Hill, just over one mil from Raphoe where stands one of the finest stone circles in Ireland. Reputed older than Stonehenge, consists of 64 standing stones in an original 80. The stones vary in height from 4 feet to 9 feet (1.2-2.7 meters) while the diameter of the circle is 145 feet (44.2 meters). To the SE of the circle is a standing stone 6 feet (2 meters) high.Beltony is a corruption of Baal tine, fire Baal; This suggests that the inhabitants of this area worshiped Baal, the sun god and ruler of nature.Tradition tells us that the most important ceremonies were performed at the summer solstice; a sacred fire was lit in the middle of the circle of stones, representing the stars and the fire of the sun god Baal. [8]

Religion

The town lends its name to both the Roman Catholic Church and Ireland diocese, which covers almost all except the very southern part of County Donegal, including Inishowen liksomCounty Londonderry and the northern part of County Tyrone in Northern Ireland. Raphoe status has declined significantly in recent centuries, however, with the Anglican diocese merged with Derry, while the Roman Catholic bishop now has his See in the larger town of Letterkenny. The Church of Ireland Cathedral, built on the site of Columba monastery, named after St. Eunan (which is the Roman Catholic cathedral in the letter). There is also a Presbyterian Church in Ireland in Raphoe.

Transport

Raphoe railway station opened on 1 January 1909, finally closed on 31 January 1959. [9]

The nearest railway station is run by Northern Ireland Railways and runs from Derry / Londonderry railway station via Coleraine to Belfast Central Station and Belfast Great Victoria Street Railway Station. The strategic Belfast-Derry railway line is to be upgraded to facilitate more frequent trains and improvements of the permanent way track and signaling to allow faster services.

Training

Raphoe has two secondary schools and two primary schools. Royal and Prior elementary school is the Protestant ethos Deele College is non-denominational. [10]

recent history

In recent years, Raphoe come under the media spotlight following the establishment of Morris Court to investigate allegations of corrupt and dishonest police in the county vidGarda Síochána. Tribunal’s second report in conjunction with the Garda trying to design a local publican, Frankie McBrearty, for the murder of cattle dealer Richie Barron. [11]

On 27 August 2005, the first major Royal Black Preceptory demonstration was held in Ireland in Raphoe, although local preceptories have rolled in the county for decades. [12]

Gerry Robinson is an Irish businessman and TV personality currently living in Raphoe. He is the former non-executive chairman of Allied Domecq and free-Chairman / CEO of Granada. He owns a farm on the outskirts of Raphoe named Oakfield Park, which includes a Georgian mansion and a botanical garden with a 15 (381 mm) gauge [13] Railway, Difflin Lake Railway. The gardens and the railway is open to the public.

Notable people

  • Admiral of the Fleet Sir James Hawkins-Whitshed, 1st Bt. , Flag officer in the British Royal Navy who served in the American, the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars.
  • Paul Hegarty
  • Frank McBrearty, Sr., businessman targeted by police misconduct
  • McBrearty Frank, Jr. , Former County Mayor of County Donegal
  • Chloe Magee, professional badminton player and Olympic competitor
  • Conor O’Devany, bishop and martyr
  • Half Hung MacNaghten, Ulster-Scots landowners, player and convicted murderer
  • Sir Gerry Robinson, former non-executive chairman of Allied Domecq and free-Chairman / CEO of Granada.

See also

  • List of towns and villages in Ireland
  • Dunduff Castle, South Ayrshire

References 

  1. Hoppa up^ http://www.donegalcoco.ie/NR/rdonlyres/30A6B96A-C356-4738-9DEC-902E05A9286F/0/OverallCensusUpdate.pdf
  2. Jump up ^ placental Database of Ireland (see archives)
  3. Jump up ^ In and around Raphoe published in 1999
  4. Jump up ^ Noonan, D: “Castles and heritage sites in Ireland”, page 137. Aurum Press, 2001
  5. Jump ^ DeBreffny, D & Mott, G (1976). The churches and monasteries of Ireland. London: Thames & Hudson. pp. 60-61.
  6. ^ Jump up to: ab [1] Filed 25 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. Jump up ^ Noonan 2001, p.146.
  8. Jump up ^ Beltony Stone Circle. Askaboutireland.ie. Retrieved on 23/07/2013.
  9. Jump up ^ “Raphoe station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Pulled 11/22/2007.
  10. Jump up ^ Deele College, Raphoe | (074) 91 45493 -. Deelecollege.ie (04.23.2013). Retrieved on 23/07/2013.
  11. Jump up ^ Irish Examiner : “Morris Tribunal condemns garda negligence; June 2, 2005. Seen 2008-04-14
  12. Jump up ^ RTÉ News: “Royal Black Preceptory keeps Donegal parade”;27 August 2005. Seen 2008-04-14
  13. Jump up ^ Oakfield Park – Train

Ramelton

Ramelton (Irish: Ráth Mealtain ) is a town in County Donegal, Ireland. Its population is 1212 (2011).

Ramelton is situated at the mouth of the river Lennon, 11 km north of Letterkenny and 4km east of Milford, on the western shore of Lough Swilly.The city name from Ráth Mealtain , (Irish for “fort Mealtan”), an early Gaelic chief. The fort is said to lie under the ruins of a medieval castle of O’Donnell, the ruling family in West Donegal before their exile to the European continent in the 1607th

Ramelton was settled by English and Scottish planters during the Ulster Plantation of the 17th century and is the site of the oldest Presbyterian Church in Ireland.

Ramelton har också en Church of Ireland Church of St Paul, Parish of Tullyaughnish.

The city was the setting for the 1995 TV series The Hanging Gale , who told me about the potato famine of the 19th century. The city hosts the Lennon Festival, a village fair, since 1970. Ramelton is a Fáilte Ireland designated Heritage Town.

facilities

Ramelton served by many shops and services in town. Ramelton Town Hall was built in the late 19’s and still has an important role in society today.

Notable people

  • William C. Campbell, researcher, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine in 2015 [2]
  • Roy Greens [3]
  • Dave Gallaher, the All Blacks rugby captain, author and WW1 soldier
  • Arthur Gwynn, cricket and rugby union player
  • Lucius Gwynn, cricket and rugby union player
  • John Tudor Gwynn, cricketers
  • Robert Gwynn, cricketers
  • Catherine Black, a private nurse to King George V
  • Conrad Logan, professional football player
  • Francis Makemie, priest, founder of Presbyterianism in the United States
  • William McAdoo , American partiet politiker
  • Basil McCrea, MLA, leader of NI21 in the Northern Ireland Assembly
  • Walter Patterson, first British governor of Prince Edward Island

See also

  • List of towns and villages in Ireland
  • List of cities in Northern Ireland

References

  1. Hoppa upp^http://cso.ie/en/media/csoie/census/documents/census2011vol1andprofile1/Table%205.pdf
  2. Jump up ^ “Irish researchers win Nobel Prize for medicine.”
  3. Jump up ^ “The Irish still love their newspapers.” The Guardian.Guardian Media Group. August 14, 2010. Retrieved 14 August of 2010.The Irish love to read newspapers, whether national or local. It is a joy to see the papers piled high on my local store in Donegal town of Ramelton in the morning and note their disappearance of the evening.

Mount Errigal

[3] Errigal (Irish: An Earagail , possibly meaning “oratory”) [1] is a 751 meters (2,464 ft) mountain near Gweedore in County Donegal, Ireland. [1] It is the highest peak iDerryveagh Mountains, the highest peak County Donegal, and the 76th highest peak in Ireland. [1] Errigal is also the most southern, steepest and highest mountain range, known as the “seven sisters” by locals. The Seven Sisters include Muckish, Crocknalaragagh, Aghla Beg, Ardloughnabrackbaddy, Aghla more, Mackoght and Errigal. The nearest stop is Mackoght, which is also known as Little or Wee Errigal Errigal (Irish: an Earagail Bheag ).

Errigal is well known for the pink glow of the quartzite in the sun. [1] Another noted the quality is the ever-changing shape of the mountain, depending on which direction you view it from. Errigal voted “Ireland’s most iconic Mountain” by Walking & Hiking Ireland in 2009. [4]

climbing Errigal

The mountain is usually climbed from the car park off the R251 road. The trail starts from the beginning of by crossing the heavily eroded and marshy ground against a visible trail through the glossy scree from where the climb proper starts. After reaching the top, people tend to go short but exposed walk along the “One Man’s Pass” that leads to the other and the lower of the two summits. There is no special equipment to climb the mountain, but caution is advised.

In popular culture

  • In the 2008 film Hunger , protagonist Bobby Sands Errigal describes as a“beautiful sight” .
  • Pictures of a foggy Errigal used in the music video for In A Lifetime by Clannad and Bono in 1985. [5] It has also appeared in several music videos by local singer Enya, especially in the video for “How can I keep from singing? “.
  • Several scenes from the 2011 film Your Highness shot at Errigal. [6]
  • The goats are not straight song “Las Vegas (In the hills of Donegal)” contains the line, “To stand on top of Errigal, would give me so exciting” .
  • The Irish composer Vincent Kennedy set the mountain on music in 2012 as part of his music for The Happy Prince in a piece titled “Snow Errigal”

Gallery

  • The view from Errigal.
  • Errigal as seen from Slieve Snaght.
  • Ascending Mount Errigal.
  • Errigal as seen from the Rosses.
  • An aerial view of Errigal and Gweedore.
  • Abandoned church at the foot of Errigal.
  • Errigal as seen frånCloughaneely.

See also

  • List of Irish counties with the highest point

References

  1. ^ Jump up to: abcdef mountainviews
  2. Jump up ^ Peak Bagger
  3. Jump up ^ Ordnance Survey Ireland – the name is “Errigal” and the word “Mount” should not be used at all even in the title of the article
  4. Jump up ^ http://www.walkingandhikingireland.com/?p=3
  5. Jump up ^ http://www.clannad.net/concertoverview.htm
  6. Jump up^http://homepage.eircom.net/~weebinnians2/webpages/Newsletters/Newsletter%2020090913_FestivalEdition.htm

Malin Head

Malin Head (Irish: Cionn Mhálanna ), located on the Inishowen Peninsula, County Donegal, Ireland, and is the northernmost point of the island of Ireland. The northernmost tip is uddensom called Banba crown located at latitude 55.38ºN. [1] Malin Head gives its name to the Malin sea. There is a weather station on the head, which is one of 22 such stations whose reports are transmitted as part of the BBC shipping forecast.

Banba crown on Malin Head is the most northerly point of the Irish mainland. [2] Banba was one of the mythical queens of Ireland. Banba Crown is about 16 km (10 mi) north of the village of Malin. The island Inishtrahull is further north, is located about 10 km (6 mi) north-east of Malin Head.Further north still is the northernmost landfall in Ireland, Tor Beg rock.

urban

To the North East Inistrahull Island can be seen. The first lighthouse on the island was put into operation in 1813, and the light flashes every 30 seconds.

Above Banba crown in the east is Ballyhillion beach, a unique elevated beach scheme of international scientific importance. [ Citation needed ] The very different beaches show the changing relationship between the sea and the land from the time when the glaciers began to melt, some 15,000 years ago.At the time, County Donegal was depressed by the weight of an enormous ice, so the level of the sea, in relation to today’s beach was up to 80 feet higher than today.

Wartime use

A military watchtower built in Banba Crown in 1805, during the Napoleonic Wars. Around 1902, a signal station, also built on Banba Crown, quite close to the old Napoleonic vakttorn.Båda these buildings still stand.

During World War II, the Irish government allowed the British government to place two radio finders at Malin Head. This top-secret operation was mentioned in The Cranborne report. RDF equipment used to monitor the submarine and aerial activity in the North Atlantic.

After the war, the site became a weather station for Met Éireann and a NAVTEX transmitter station.

ornithology

Malin Head is a perfect vantage point to see the autumn movements of seabirds such as gannets, shearwaters, skuas, guillemots and others on their flight southward migration.

Gallery

  • Hell hole cave.
  • Malin Head coast looking towards the north.
  • View of the rugged coast around the head.
  • Low tide over rocks at Malin Head.

See also

  • Malin till Mizen
  • Wild Atlantic Way

References 

  1. Jump up ^ “Ireland Geographic facts, figures and physical extremities”.Travel through Ireland’s history … Taken 2007-09-15.
  2. Jump up ^ “See Ireland’s most northerly point of Malin Head.” Brilliant Ireland. Archived from the original March 27, 2009.
  3. Jump up ^ “Malin Head 1981-2010 average.” Met Éireann. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
  4. Jump up ^ “Absolute Maximum air temperature for each month at selected stations” (PDF). Met Éireann. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
  5. Jump up ^ “absolute minimum air temperature of each month at selected stations” (PDF). Met Éireann. Retrieved May 27, 2015.

Lough Swilly

Lough Swilly (Irish: Loch Súilí , which means “Lake of Shadows” or “Lake of Eyes”) in Ireland is a glacial fjord or sea inlet lying between the western side of the Inishowen halvönoch Fanad Peninsula in County Donegal. Along with Carlingford Lough and Killary Harbour it is one of three glacial fjords in Ireland.

At the northern end of the lough are Fanad Head with its famous lighthouse and Dunaff Head. The cities situated on the lough include Buncrana on Inishowen and Rathmullan on the western side. In the southern part of the Lough lies Letterkenny.

Lough is also famous for its wildlife watching (dolphins, porpoises, sea birds, migratory geese and swans) and diving at the many shipwrecks, including the SS Laurentic was sunk by a German mine (possible torpedo), which went down with 3,211 ingots of gold, of which 3191 was recovered.

In the southern part of the lough a number of islands (Burt, Inch, Coney, Big Isle) was poldered and land recovered during the 19th century for farming and Londonderry and Lough Swilly Railway Constructed ramparts on the route from Derry to Letterkenny. These recycled countries is now regarded as one of Ireland’s premier wetlands for nature conservation and bird watching, supports over 4000sångsvan and thousands of Greenland white front, barnacles, gray lag and brent geese.

History

Steeped in the history of the lough and Grianan Ailigh ancient castle (early fortification and palace 2000-5000 BC) at its southeastern curve was recorded on Ptolemy’s map of the world. There are many early Stone Age monuments and Iron Age fortifications along its banks and a number of shell middens dating to around 7000 BC. It is most famous for being the site of the Flight of the Earls. After a failed uprising in September 1607, Hugh O’Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone and Rory O’Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, the last Gaelic chiefs and defenders of the Brehon Law of Ireland at the time, sailed frånRathmullan with ninety of his followers.

During a storm December 4, 1811 in the Royal Navy 36-gun frigate HMS Apollo class Saldanha sank in Lough Swilly. There were no survivors from the estimated 253 board, and about 200 bodies washed up on shore.

Because of its natural protection and impressive depth Lough was a major naval port. In October 1798, just before the outbreak of the Napoleonic Wars, a French fleet carrying Wolfe Tone of the United Irishmen, plus soldiers to assist 1798 rebellion, was captured and defeated in a naval battle at the entrance to Lough Swilly. Then Tone captured and brought ashore at Buncrana on the east side of the Swilly.

A subsequent reassessment of the threat of invasion led to the construction of a series of fortifications guarding the various approaches and landing points in the lough which was completed between 1800 and 1820. The Martello tower was built around 1804 to defend the methods of Derry. The six on the lough costing € 1,800 each, were armed with smooth cannon, shoot around shots and was completed in six months. Immediately before the First World War Office improved Napoleonic fort and their armor and add another fort at the entrance to the lake on Lenan Head with 9 inch guns (12-mil intervals) – the largest in Ireland at the time. The remains of these fortifications can still be inspected at Lenan Head, Fort Dunree (now a military museum and wildlife), Ned Point, Buncrana, Inch Island and on the west coast of Rathmullan, Knockalla and Macamish Point.

During World War I, was lough used by the Royal Navy as an anchor for the parts of the Grand Fleet, a merger of prewar Home and Atlantic fleets under Admiral Sir John R. Jellicoe and collection / staging point for Atlantic convoys. During this period, a boom was placed across the lough between Macamish Point and Ned’s Point, with the support of a number of trawlers, to prevent U-Boat attacks. After the Irish War of Independence lough was also one of the Treaty Ports specified in the Anglo-Irish Treaty until the final surrender at Fort Dunree 1938th

According exhibits at Fort Dunree, during World War II Irish troops manned the guns there with explicit instructions to shoot at a ship that may threaten Irish neutrality by entering the natural harbor. There was reportedly only one serious incident, when a Royal Navy ship in the lough and not initially respond to the signals that it will turn back. However, turned the ship before the Irish forces shot at it.

Seen from space: Derry and Donegal Coast, Lough Swilly to the west ochLough Foyle and the Inishowen north of the city

See also

  • List of Loughs in Ireland
  • Londonderry and Lough Swilly Railway

Lough Foyle

Lough Foyle , sometimes Loch Foyle [1] (from Irish: Loch Feabhail , which means “Feabhal’s loch” [2] [3] ), is the mouth of the River Foyle. It lies between County Londonderry iNordirland and County Donegal in Ireland. Sovereignty over these waters has been disputed since the partition of Ireland.

Seen from space: Derry in the Ulster coast of Lough Swilly and Lough Foyle west to the east of the city ochInishowen.

Ramsarområde

Lough Foyle Ramsar site (wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention), is 2204.36 hectares in area, at latitude 55 05 N and longitude 24 07 01 37 W. It was designated a Ramsar on February 2, 1999. The site consists of a large shallow sea lough which includes the estuaries of the rivers Foyle, Faughan and Roe. It contains extensive areas of tidal mudflats and sand flats, salt marshes and associated brackish ditches. The site qualified under criterion 1 of the Ramsar Convention because it is a particularly good representative example of a wetland which plays a substantial hydrological, biological and ecological systems role in the natural functioning of a major river basin is located in a border location. The qualified even under the Ramsar criterion 2 because it supports a considerable number of rare, vulnerable or endangered species of plants and animals. A number of known species have been recorded for the Lough Foyle estuary and the lower parts of some of its tributary rivers. These include shad, shad, smelt and sea lamprey, which are all Irish Red List species.Important populations of Atlantic salmon migrate through the system to and from their spawning areas. [4]

The site is qualified even under the Ramsar criterion 3 as it supports a large number of wintering waterfowl including internationally important populations of whooper swans, light belliedPrutgås and bar-tailed godwit and wild bird species of national importance in an all-Ireland context, including the red-throated diver, great crested grebe, Mute Swan, Bewick’s swan, greylag , shelduck, teal, mallard, wigeon, eider ducks and red-breasted merganser. Nationally important wader species include Eurasian Oystercatcher, Eurasian golden plover, gray plover, lapwing, red knot, dunlin, curlew, redshank and greenshank. [4]

Flora and fauna

Flora

A survey of Lough Foyle was made between March 1937 and June 1939 by H. Blackler. [5] This map shows the distribution of some species of algae in the lough and a complete annotated list of algae recorded along with photographs of various locations. The list includes: cyanophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Phaeophyceae, Rhodophyceae, lichens and two species avZostera. The marine algae of Lough Foyle are also included in Morton (2003). [6]

Fauna

The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds has a reserve on Lough. [7]

Transport

In 1792, the four mil Strabane Canal was constructed from the tidal waters of Lough Foyle at Leck, to Strabane. The canal fell into disuse in 1962. In June 2006 the Strabane Lifford Development Commission awarded a £ 1.3m cross-border waterways restoration contract. The project includes restoration of one and a half miles from the canal and two locks to working order. Work began on the Lough Foyle side of the canal in the summer of 2006, but in 2010 the partial restoration was considered unsatisfactory and the municipality refused to continue to maintain the channel. The Broharris canal was built in the 1820s, when an average, about two miles long on the south shore of Lough Foyle near Ballykelly was made towards Limavady. It served both as a drainage channel and a navigation with goods brought from Londonderry Port, seafood and kelp from the sand banks along the beach.

In the summer, operates a ferry service between Green and Magilligan of Lough Foyle.

railway trip

Northern Ireland Railways runs from Londonderry train station along the scenic shores of Lough Foyle, with views of the Inishowen in County Donegal and the Atlantic Ocean via Coleraine to Belfast Central and Great Victoria Street .The strategic Belfast-Derry railway line is to be upgraded to facilitate more frequent trains and improvement of permanent way track and signaling to allow faster services.

From Londonderry railway station, the next stop is Bella Clean followed by Castle then Coleraine on his way to Belfast. Walkers access to the trains arrive at the Castle can go to Mussenden Temple is owned by the National Trust and can see the mouth of Lough Foyle and Green a bit away in County Donegal.

Literature

The main character of Alfred Bester’s famous science fiction novel, The Stars My Destination , named Gulliver Foyle. Bester took the names of their characters from different places in Ireland and the UK.

World War I

The United States Navy established a Naval Air Station, July 1, 1918 to operate seaplanes during the First World War. The base was closed shortly after the first armistice in Compiegne. [8]

WWII

At the end of World War II after the Allied victory, the rest of the Atlantic fleet of German U-boats used to attack supply lines from America to Britain during the Battle of the Atlantic gathered in Lough Foyle ochsank, as part of Operation Dead.

Controversial status

Lough Foyle is a disputed territory between Ireland and the United Kingdom after the Irish division in 1922 both sides claimed it was in its own territory.Although this dispute is still ongoing, there are currently no negotiations regarding its ownership. The State Department stressed its view June 2, 2009 that all the Lough Foyle is located in the UK, a spokesman states; “The British position is that the entire Lough Foyle is in the UK. We recognize that the Irish Government does not accept this position … There are no negotiations currently underway on this issue. The regulation of activities in the Lough is now responsible for the Loughs Agency, a cross-border bodies set up under the Belfast Agreement of 1998. ” [9]

See also

  • List of Loughs in Ireland
  • List of Ramsar sites in Northern Ireland
  • Wild Atlantic Way
  • Ireland sharing

References

  1. Jump up ^ See Google Books, for example, published online.
  2. Jump up ^ Flanagan, Deirdre & Laurence, Irish place names , page 212. Gill & MacMillan, 2002. ISBN 0-7171-3396-6
  3. Jump up ^ placental NI Lough Foyle
  4. ^ Jump up to: ab “Especially and Proposed Ramsar sites in Northern Ireland” (PDF). Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
  5. Jump up ^ Blackler, H. 1951st A study of algae Lough Foyle, Northern Ireland. Proc. R. Ir. . Acad 54B (6): 97-139
  6. Hoppa upp^Morton, O. 2003. Den marina makroalger i County Donegal, Irland .. Bull. Ir. biogeog. Soc. 27 : 3-164
  7. Jump up ^ Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
  8. Jump up ^ Van Wye, Adrian O. (1969). Naval Aviation in World War I, Washington, DC. Chief of Naval Operations. pp. 80th
  9. Hoppa upp^3 juni 14:08:52 BST 2009. “Londonderry Sentiniel, Foyle” loughed “i tvist – 3 juni 2009” . Londonderrysentinel.co.uk . Hämtad 4 april 2011 .

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