CategoryCork City

University College Cork

University College Cork – National University of Ireland, Cork  (  UCC )  [2]  (Irish:  Coláiste na hOllscoile Corcaigh  ) is a  constituent university  of the National University of Ireland .Universitetet located in Cork.

The University was founded in 1845 as one of three Queen’s Colleges in Belfast, Cork and Galway.  [3]  It became University College, Cork, under the law Irish universities by 1908. University Act in 1997 was named the university as the National University of Ireland, Cork, and a ministerial decree of 1998, was named the university as University College Cork – National University of Ireland, Cork,  [4]  although there continues to be almost universally known as University College Cork.

Among other rankings and honors, received the university named Irish University of the Year by  the Sunday Times  on four occasions; latest 2015/2016.  [5]  In 2015, the UCC was also named as the most successful universities of the European Commission-funded U-Multirank, which is based on getting the highest number of “A”, (21 of 28 points) among a field of 1200 to some universities.  [6] the  UCC also became the first university to achieve the ISO 50001 standard in energy conservation in 2011.

Dr. Michael B. Murphy has been the president of the university since February 2007.  [7]

History

“Long Hall” and the bell tower of the UCC quadrangle

Queen’s College, Cork, founded by the provisions of an act that enabled Queen Victoria to provide new schools for the “Advancement of Learning in Ireland”. According to the authority of this Act, the three schools in Belfast, Cork and Galway were incorporated on December 30 1845. The college opened in 1849 with 23 professors and 181 students and a year later became part of the Queen’s University of Ireland.

The original site chosen for the college was appropriate because it is believed to have been related to the patron saint of Cork, Saint Finbarr. His monastery and school of learning were close to Gill Abbey Rock and mill attached to the monastery is believed to have stood on the shore of the southern channel of the River Lee, which runs through the College lower grounds. This compound is also reflected in the College’s motto “Where Finbarr taught Let Munster Learn” which is also the motto of the University.

The site, adjacent to the Abbey Gill, overlooked the valley of the River Lee. It was bought for £ 2,560 in 1846.  citation needed  ]  The Tudor Gothic quadrangle and early campus buildings were designed and built by Sir Thomas Deane (1792-1871) and Benjamin Woodward (1816-1861).

Queen’s College Cork officially opened its doors in 1849. In the coming years, “College” acquired a reputation for excellence in various fields, including mathematics, medicine and the humanities.  Citation needed  ]  Additional buildings were added later, including the medical / Windle Construction .

In the following century, the Irish Universities Act (1908) formed the National University of Ireland, which is composed of three constituent colleges of Dublin, Cork and Galway, and the University was given the status of a college  College, Cork  . Universities Act, 1997, made the college a constituent University of the National University and made the inaugural university a university for all purposes except the award of diplomas which remains the sole responsibility of the National University.

Today

Today the university has over 18,000 students, of which there are over 12,000 undergraduate degree candidates.  [1]  The student base is supported by 2747 employees, of which 762 are teachers. There are 1153 non academic staff and 832 researchers.  [1]

The university is one of Ireland’s leading research institutes, with the highest research income in the state.  [8]  The university’s internal research reputation spans all their faculties where it offers over 120 degree and professional programs through seven schools and 27 departments. The university had seven faculties in Arts and Celtic Studies, Commerce, Engineering, Food Science and Technology, Law, Medicine and Science. In recent years,  ? When  ]  the university has been restructured so that it now has four colleges: Arts, Celtic Studies and Social Sciences; Business and Law;Medicine and health; and science, technology and food science.

UCC is home to the Irish Institute of Chinese Studies, which enables students to study Chinese culture and language through art and commerce. The department won the European Award for Languages, 2008.  [9]

The number of students, over 18,000 in 2012, increased significantly from the end of the 1980s, precipitating the expansion of the campus through the acquisition of adjacent land and buildings. The expansion continued with the opening of the Alfred O’Rahilly building at the end of 1990, Cavanagh Pharmacy building, the Brookfield Health Sciences center, the extended Áras na MacLéinn  (Devere Hall), the Lewis Glucksman Gallery 2004 Experience UCC  (Visitors’ Centre) and an extension the  Boole Library  – named after the first professor of mathematics at UCC, George Boole, who developed algebra that would later make computer programming possible.The university also closed Western Gateway Building in 2009 on the site of the former Cork Greyhound track on the western route as well as major renovations to the Tyndall Institute buildings at Lee Maltings Complex.

The University has a number of related companies including: Cytrea,  [10]  , which is involved in pharmaceutical formulations, Firecomms,  [11]  an ICT company focusing on optical communications; Digestive Health  [12]  a biotechnology healthcare companies; Biosensia  [13]  which is developing integrated microsystems analytical chips, Sensl developer of low light sensors and imaging systems; Luxcel  [14] involved in the development of probes and sensors for the pharmaceutical and food industries; and Optical Metrology Innovations  [15]  , which develops laser metrology systems.

The college was involved in some controversy in 2006 when an academic, Professor Des Clarke argued that the university authorities were guilty of financial mismanagement, and called for a full independent inquiry into governance. The subsequent investigation found that there was no evidence of financial mismanagement.

Also in 2006, the university reopened Observatory Crawford, a structure built in 1880 on the grounds of the University of Sir Howard Grubb. Grubb, son of Grubb telescope building family in Dublin, designed and built the observatory astronomical instruments for the structure. The university paid for an extensive restoration and conservation program of the building and the three main telescope, Equatorial, and Sidereostatic Transit Circle telescope.  [16]

In October 2008, the governing body of the University announced that the UCC would be the first institution in Ireland to use embryonic stem cells in research.  [17]

In November 2009, the UCC many buildings damaged by unprecedented floods.  [18]  The floods also affected other parts of Cork city, with many students evacuated from the accommodation. College authorities postponed academic activities for a week,  [18]  and announced that it would take until 2010 before all flood damaged property would be repaired. A great scene of the injury was the newly opened Western Gateway Building, the main auditorium will require a complete rebuild just a few months after the opening of classes.  [19]

From 2015, the university has planned a number of celebrated designer of the mathematician, philosopher and logician George Boole -. UCC’s first professor of mathematics  [20] [21]

University College Cork has been ranked by several assessment bodies, including as “Irish University of the Year” by  the Sunday Times  2003, 2005, 2011 and 2016,  [5]  and was named a runner-up in the 2015 edition.  [22]  In 2015, the UCC also named as the most successful universities of the European Commission-funded U-Multirank system, based on a large number of “a” points (21 of 28 points) among a field of 1,200 to take part universities. [6]  also 2015CWTS Leiden Ranking placed UCC 1 in Ireland, 16 in Europe and 52 th globally from a field of 750 universities.  [23]  the 2011 QS world University Rankings awarded a 5 stars to UCC,  [24]  and ranked the university among the top 2% of universities worldwide. UCC was ranked 230 th in the 2014 QS World University Rankings.  [25]  13 of its subject matter presented in the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2015 (an increase from 10 disciplines 2014), including pharmacies and Pharmacology disciplines, as noted by state 50 in the world.  [26]  the Universitas Indonesia (UI) Green Metric world University rankings assigned UCC a second in the world ranking for the second year in a row in 2015 for its efforts in the area of sustainability, with 360 universities from 62 countries are ranked in total.  [27]

UCC has also been known for its digital and social media presence, including for “Best Social Media Engagement” category at the 2014 Social Media Awards,  [28]  and as a finalist for “Best use of social media by a governmental body” and ” best non-profit / Organization Twitter account “2015 Social Media Awards.  [28]  A former finalist in 2013 and 2014 Web Awards, the UCC also did the 2015 finals in two categories,  [29]  the” most influential Irish website ever “and the” best education and the third level website “. University College Cork was the first site in Ireland in 1991  [29]  (only the ninth website in the world at the time), serving transcriptions of Irish historical and literary documents for CELT project converted from SGML to HTML.

College of Medicine and Health

Medicine, art, and law were the three founding faculties when Queen College Cork opened its doors to students in 1849. The medical buildings was built in stages between 1860 and 1880, and faculty quickly gained a reputation for the quality of its students. The first two women to graduate in medicine in Ireland did it in 1898 (this was notable because it was more than 20 years before women were allowed to sit for medicine at the University of Oxford). [30]  UCC School of Medicine is part of the College of Medicine and Health, and is based on the Brookfield Health Sciences Centre on the main campus of UCC and is connected with the 880-bed University College Cork Teaching Hospital, the largest medical center in Ireland. UCC School of Pharmacy is based in Cavanagh Pharmacy Building.  [30]

Research

According to UCC Strategic plan 2009-2012, [31] UCC aims to improve research and innovation. In 2009, the university was ranked in the top 3% of universities worldwide for research. [32]

UCC’s published research strategy proposed to create “Centres of Excellence” for “world-class research,” where researchers and research would be given “freedom and flexibility to pursue their research.” [31] research UCC covers a range of areas including: nanoelectronics Tyndall Institute; Food and Health with digestive Pharmabiotic Centre, [33] NutraMara, [34] food for Health Ireland Research Centre, [35] and cereals Science Cork [36] (Food Research at UCC ranks 4th in the world), [ citation needed ] Environmental ~~ POS = TRUNC environmental ~~ POS = TRUNC [37] (with biodiversity research, aquaculture, energy efficiency and offshore energy); and Business Information Systems.[38]

The Sunday Times ‘ Good University Guide 2015 “, put the UCC at the top of its rankings for” research income per academic “. [22]

Knowledge transfer

Innovation and knowledge driven by the UCC’s Office of Technology Transfer, [39] an office at the university dedicated to commercializing aspects of UCC’s research and connect researchers with industry. Recent spin-outs from college include pharmaceutical company Glantreo, [40] Luxcel Biosciences, [41] Digestive Health, Biosensia, Firecoms, Gourmet Marine, Keelvar, Lee Oncology, and Sensl. [42]

Student life and societies

University College Cork has over 80 active communities [43] and 50 different sports clubs. [44] [45] There are academic, charity, creative, gaming / roleplaying, political, religious and social communities and clubs that include field sports, martial arts, water sports as well as outdoor and indoor team and individual sports. UCC clubs are sponsored by Bank of Ireland, with UCC Skull and Cross as the mascot for all UCC sports teams. 100 students received scholarships in 26 different sports in 2010. [44]

The regular activities of the UCC communities include charity work; with over 100,000 € annually by the surgeon Noonan society, € 10,000 raised by the war games and role-playing Society (warps) through its international gaming convention WARPCON, € 10,000 raised by UCC Law Society of Cambodia orphanage and UCC Pharmacy Society supports Cork Hospital Kids Club Club ~ ~ POS = HEAD COMP each year with a number of events. [46]UCC communities also sometimes attract high-profile speakers like Robert Fisk, who directs the Law Society, Nick Leeson [46] and Senator David Norris, who was 2009/2010 honorary president of the UCC Philosophical Society. [47]

The UCC Student Union (UCCSU) serves as a representative body of 17,000 students UCC. Each student is automatically a member by a student fee.

A Chuallacht

A Chuallacht (Irish pronunciation: [a xuɐl̪ˠaxt̪ˠ], which means “Lord”) is UCC’s Irish language and culture society. Founded in 1912, the society’s stated aim of promoting the Irish language on campus and around Cork. Included in the calendar of events is a Chuallacht “Chultúir Seachtain na hÉireann” (Irish Cultural Week), an annual festival held in October. Among the events held during the week’s competitions, debates, parades, games and Irish ball, “BAL na Gaeilge ‘, with guests that have included Des Bishop, Seán og Ó hAilpín, Micheal Ó Muircheartaigh, and Seán Bán Breathnach. [ Citation needed ] society was awarded Glor na nGael Irish society of the Year Award in 2009 and 2010, and the best cross-border society in 2013. [ citation needed ]

student Housing

Students UCC occupying a variety of different types of accommodation, with some choosing to live with the family while others live in rented accommodation. UCC’s campus housing company manages more than 1,000 beds in several apartment complexes within 1.5 km from the UCC campus,[48] and provides a search service for students seeking private accommodation near the UCC. [49]

International students

The largest number of 2,400 international students at UCC in 2010 came from the US, followed by China, France and Malaysia. [50] UCC participating in the Erasmus program with 439 students visiting UCC 2009-2010. [50] 201 UCC students studied at institutions in the United States, China and Europe during the same period. [50]

UCC was rated highly in the International Student Barometer Report 2008. [51]This study surveyed 67,000 international students at 84 institutions, and implemented by the International Insight Group. [51] The report considered that 98% of UCC’s international students (who participated in the survey) said they had “Expert lecturers”. And over 90% of these students said they had “good teacher”. [51] In the three categories of the survey, “sports facilities”, “social institutions” and “University associations”, UCC was in the top three of the 84 schools that participated in the survey. UCC’s International Education Office received a 93% customer satisfaction and UCC’s IT support is given a 92% customer satisfaction. [51]

Alumni

Notable alumni of the University includes students from various disciplines.

George Boole (not an alumnus) was the first professor of mathematics at UCC. He developed the Boolean algebra that would later make computer programming possible. [52]

In art and literature, [53] alumni include: author Seán Ó Faoláin, short story writer Daniel Corkery, composer Seán Ó Riada, writers, academics and critics Robert Anthony Welch, actress Fiona Shaw, novelist William Wall, poets Paul Durcan, Nuala Ní Dhomhnaill Trevor Joyce, Thomas McCarthy and Greg Delanty, comedian Des Bishop, and journalists Brendan O’Connor and Eoghan Harris. [54] Starring Cillian Murphy and BBC presenter Graham Norton both UCC attended but did not graduate. [55] [56]

From the business community, alumni include: Kerry Group’s Denis Brosnan, Kingfisher plc, former CEO Gerry Murphy, former director of CRH Anthony Barry, and the current president, Myles Lee. [57]

In medicine alumni include: Sir Edwin John Butler, Charles Donovan, Sir Bertram Windle, Dr. Paul Whelton, President Loyola University Health System, Dr. Barry O’Donnell, former president of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland; Dr. Colm Quigley, president of the Medical Council of Ireland, Dr. Pixie McKenna, doctors and TV presenter and Dr. Eamonn MM Quigley, president of the World Gastroenterology Organization, and vice president of the American College of Gastroenterology. [58] In physics, the alumni included: Professor Richard Milner of the Laboratory of Nuclear Science at MIT, Professor Margaret Murnane of the University of Colorado, Professor Patrick G . O’Shea of the University of Maryland, and Professor Séamus Davis of Cornell. [59]

Politicians and officials who attended UCC, include former Taoiseach Jack Lynch, leader of Fianna Fáil and former Foreign Minister Micheál Martin, [60]the Supreme Court Justice Liam McKechnie and High Court Judge Bryan MacMahon. [61]

In sport, rugby coach Declan Kidney, [62] Gaelic football player Séamus Moynihan, Maurice Fitzgerald and Billy Morgan, hurlers Pat Heffernan, Joe Deane, James “Cha” Fitzpatrick and Ray Cummins, rugby player Moss Keane, Ronan O’Gara and Donnacha Ryan and Olympian Lizzie Lee have all attended UCC. [63]

See also

  • Education in Ireland
  • List of Irish organizations with royal patronage
  • List of Universities in Ireland
  • UCC GAA
  • UCC Student
  • Intel Outstanding Researchers Award

References

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Saint Fin Barre ‘s Cathedral

St Fin Barre’s Cathedral  (Irish:  Ardeaglais Naomh Fionnbarra  ) is a cathedral of the Church of Ireland in Cork City, Ireland. It is in the ecclesiastical province of Dublin. Begun in 1863, the cathedral was the first major work of Victorian architect William Burges. Former Cathedral of the Diocese of Cork, it is now one of three cathedrals in the Diocese of Cork, Cloyne and Ross.

History and architecture

The current cathedral was built on the site of at least two earlier structures intended for Finbarr of Cork.  [1]  The first dated from the 7th century,  [2] [3] with works continuing through the 12th century.  [4]  This building was damaged during the siege of Cork (1690),  [5]  and a new structure was built in 1735 -. even if parts of the former spire was kept  [6] 

This structure remained until 1860, when a competition to build a new larger cathedral was held in 1862. In February 1863, the design of architect William Burges was declared the winner of the competition to build a new Cathedral of St Fin Barre.  [7]  His diary records his reaction –  “! Got Cork “  – while the cathedral accounts register payment of the winning prize of £ 100  [7] Construction work took seven years before the first service was held in the cathedral in 1870th Building, carving and decoration continued into the 20th century, long after Burges death in 1881.  [7]

The style of the building is an early French, Burges’s favored period and a style he continued to favor all his life, choosing it for their own home, The Tower House in Kensington. The fixed price for construction would be £ 15,000,  [8]  a sum far exceeded. The total cost came to well over £ 100,000.  [9] Burges was “indifferent” (his own words) in his letter of January 1877 to the Bishop of Cork:  “(in the future), all of it will be on its own and parts of the time and cost is forgotten, the result will only be reviewed. the big questions will then be the first this work is beautiful, and have them as it was entrusted, did it with all his heart and all his abilities. ”  [10]

Burges oversaw all aspects of design, including architecture of the building, statues, stained glass and interior decoration. The result is  “undoubtedly Burges greatest works of ecclesiastical architecture”  .  [7]

List of Deans Cork

The deans in Cork include the following, with a number of deans raised to the episcopate.  [ Citation needed ]  

  • 1582 – Thomas Long
  • 1590-1600 – Robert Graves (afterwards Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin, 1600)
  • 1600-1604 – Thomas frame (afterwards Dean ferns, 1604 and then Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin, 1605)
  • 1605 – George Ley or Lee
  • 1627 / 8-1641 – John Fitzgerald
  • 1642 – Henry Hall (later Bishop of Killala and Achonry, 1661)
  • 1645-1661 – Edward Worth (later Bishop of Killaloe, 1661)
  • 1661 – Thomas Hackett
  • 1662-1666 – Roger Boyle (later Bishop of Down and Connor, 1667)
  • 1666 / 7-1672 – John Vesey (afterwards Bishop of Limerick, Ardfert and Aghadoe, 1672)
  • 1672 / 3-1708 – Arthur Pomeroy
  • 1709-1710 – Rowland Davies
  • 1721 / 2-1736 – Robert Carleton
  • 1736-1750 – William Meade
  • 1763-1779 – George Chinnery (afterwards Bishop Killaloe and Kilfenora, 1779)
  • 1779-1795 – John Erskine
  • 1796-1807 – She St. Thomas Lawrence (later Bishop of Cork, 1807)
  • 1807-1812 – John Powell Leslie (later Bishop of Dromore, 1812)
  • 1812-1813 – James Saurin (afterwards Archdeacon Dublin and then Bishop of Dromore, 1819)
  • 1813-1819 – William Magee (afterwards Bishop of Raphoe, 1819)
  • 1819-1841 – Robert Burrowes
  • 1841-1842 – James Thomas O’Brien (afterwards Bishop of Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin, 1842)
  • 1842-1864 – Horatio Townsend Newman
  • 1864-1866 – William Connor Magee (afterwards Dean of the Chapel Royal, Dublin and then Bishop of Peterborough, 1868)
  • 1868-1874 – Arthur William Edward
  • 1874-1875 – Robert Samuel Gregg (afterwards Bishop of Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin, 1875)
  • 1875-1878 – Achilles Daunt
  • 1878-1890 – Samuel Owen Madden
  • 1891-1894 – Thomas Brisbane Warren
  • 1894-1897 – Mervyn Archdall (later Bishop of Killaloe and Clonfert, 1897)
  • 1897- 1914 – Charles Saul Bruce
  • 1914-> 1944 – Richard Babington
  • 1952-1952 – George Otto Simms (afterwards Bishop of Cork, Cloyne and Ross, 1952)
  • ? 1952- 1962 – Henry Robert MacAdoo (afterwards Bishop of Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin, 1962)
  • 1962- 1967 -? Ernest George Daunt
  • 1967- 1971 -? Frederick Mervyn Kieran Johnston
  • 1971-1993 – James Maurice George Carey
  • 1993-1996 – Richard Clarke (later Bishop of Meath and Kildare, 1996 then Archbishop of Armagh, 2012)
  • 1997-2002 – Michael Jackson (afterwards Bishop of Clogher, 2002, and then archbishop of Dublin, 2011)
  • 2002-2006 – Michael Burrows (afterwards Bishop of Cashel and Ossory, 2006)
  • 2008-present – Nigel Dunne

Organ

The organ was built in 1870 by William Hill & Sons, with three manuals and 40 stops. The action in Major was a form of pneumatic action (possibly barkermaskin) on the large, and tracker for the other two handböcker.Instrumentet was reformed in 1889 by Cork organ building firm, TW Magahy, which added three new stops. As part of these works was the organ moved from the western gallery (balcony) down to a pit in the north transept, where it sits today.

The next major revision was in 1906 by Hele & Company in Plymouth, who added a fourth manual (Solo). By now, the action of the organ was completely pneumatic.

Other work was completed on the organ in 1965-1966, when JW Walker & Sons Ltd in London reviewing the soundboards, installed a new console with electro-pneumatic action, and lowered the pitch. The organ then had four manuals, 56 stops and 3012 pipes.

From 2010 organ builder Trevor Crowe was hired to reconstruct and expand the body, when it was supplemented with a west gallery nave division and tonal improvements to the main instrument. This included a full-length 32 ‘extension of the pedal trombone. The work also meant a revised layout to enable earlier buried bodies to sing freely into the body of the cathedral.Crowe layout improvements intended to overcome obstacles to its underground location,  [ citation needed ]  and the western nave division improves complement to the church hymns.  [ Citation needed ]  Most of the choir organ is housed in a casing attached to the console, the lid of which can raised and lowered electrically by the organist. At 88 speaking stops, it is now the largest organ on the island of Ireland.  [ Citation needed ]      

organists

  • 1677-1698 – William Love  [ clarification needed ]  
  • 1698? -1703? – Thomas Hollister  [ clarification needed ]  
  • 1703-1711 – William Toole  [ clarification needed ]  
  • 1712-1720 – Edward Broadway  [ clarification needed ]  
  • 1720-1777 – William Smyth  [ clarification needed ]  
  • 1782-1796 – Henry De La Maine  [ clarification needed ]  
  • 1797-1811 – James Roche  [ clarification needed ]  
  • 1811-1860 – James Brealsford Stephens  [ clarification needed ]  
  • 1860-1903 – John Christopher Mark
  • 1903-1922 – William George Everleigh  [11]
  • 1922-1977 – Jonathan Thomas Horne
  • 1977-1984 – Paul Andrew Padmore (afterwards organist at St. Anne’s Cathedral, Belfast)
  • 1984-2007 – Colin, Gerald Nicholls
  • 2007-2015 – Malcolm Wisener (formerly organist at St. Bartholomew’s Church, Dublin)
  • 2015-present – Peter Stobart

funerals

  • Richard Boyle (Archbishop)
  • William Lyons (bishop)

See also

  • Bishop of Cork, Cloyne and Ross
  • List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Cork)

Notes

  1. Jump up ^  “Cork Heritage” Ode to St. Finbarre Cathedral “.Corkheritage.ie. 09.06.2009. Pulled 06/17/2015.
  2. Jump up ^  “Saint Finbarr | Cathedral, Cork, Ireland. ” Britannica.com.Pulled 06/17/2015.
  3. Jump up ^ Richard Caulfield, ed. (1871). Annals of St. Fin Barre’s Cathedral, Cork. Purcell.
  4. Jump up ^  “History – Medieval cathedral”. Official website Cathedral.Retrieved June 18, 2015.
  5. Jump up ^  “St Fin Barre’s Cathedral.” Lonely Planet. Pulled 06/17/2015.
  6. Jump up ^  “Old St Fin Barre’s Cathedral (1735-1865) | Cork Past & Present “. Corkpastandpresent.ie. Pulled 06/17/2015.
  7. ^ Jump up to: a b c d cathedral St. Finbarr of Cork, page 19
  8. Jump up ^ Cathedral St. Finbarr of Cork, page 28
  9. Jump up ^ Cathedral St. Finbarr of Cork
  10. Jump up ^ Burges letter to the Bishop of Cork: 8 January 1877 – reproduced as the preface to the Cathedral of Saint Finbarr of Cork
  11. Jump up ^ Dictionary of organs and organists. First edition. 1912. p.272

References

  • David Lawrence and Ann Wilson (2006). Cathedral of Saint Finbarr of Cork William Burges in Ireland. Four Courts Press. ISBN 978-1846820236.
  • Fasti Ecclesiae Hibernicae: The consequence of prelates and members of the cathedral organs in Ireland Volume 1 by Henry Cotton
  • Coles registers pin Cork

English market

The  English market  (Irish:  An Margadh Sasa Nach  ),  [1]  include  Princes Street Market  and  Grand Parade market  , and is a local food market in central Cork, Ireland. The market is managed by Cork City Council.  [2]  The market is well supported locally and has become a tourist attraction – drawing visitors from around the world,  [3]  , including a visit avdrottning Elizabeth II during her 2011 state visit.  [4] The  term  English Market  coined in the 19th century to distinguish the market from the nearby Peters market (now the site of Bodega on Cornmarket Street), which was known as the Irish market  .  [5]

There has been a market at its current location since 1788  [6]  , but the current group of buildings was constructed in the mid 19th century with ornamental entrance on Princes Street, built in 1862 by Sir John Benson.  [7] The market changed little over the next century or so until it was severely damaged by fire June 19, 1980 and had to be extensively renovated by Cork City council. Renovation work was done in sympathy with the original Victorian building design  [ citation needed ]  and won a gold medal from Europa Nostra Heritage Foundation conservation shortly after completion.  [7]  The renovated market suffered a second fire in 1986 but the fire was less harmful than the first.  [8]  

Since the renovation market has become more multicultural and a variety of fresh produce from around the world can be bought there. The market is still best known but for its fresh fish and butcher, and it serves many of the city’s best restaurants.  [ Citation needed ]  It is a source of local specialties drisheen, seasoned beef, eggs and buttered.  [3]  

References 

  1. Jump up ^ Official placental Database of Ireland – Swedish Market Entry
  2. Jump up ^ ie – About us
  3. ^ Jump up to: a b New York Times Travel – Cork – Old English Market
  4. Jump up ^ The Independent – Bowl as the Queen visits the market – May 20, 2011
  5. Jump up ^ The Heritage Council – A guide to Cork city’s historic plaques and signs – Page 10
  6. Jump up ^ ie – History – The establishment of the English market
  7. ^ Jump up to: a b Cork City Library – Cork Past & Present – English Market
  8. Jump up ^ Excerpts from Cork Examiner article of January 7, 1986 (published on TheEnglishMarket.ie)

Church of St Anne (Shandon)

The  Church of St. Anne  is a Church of Ireland church located in the district of Shandon Cork in Ireland. It sits on top of a hill overlooking the River Lee and the church tower is a famous landmark and symbol of the city.The church bells popularized the song in the 19th century and remains a visitor attraction.

History

Shandon name comes from the Irish,  Sean Dun  , which means “old fortress”.Shandon was one of 28 settlements in and around the old Cork. A medieval church dedicated to St Mary were on this website and mentioned in the decretals of Innocent III in 1199 as “St. Mary on the hill.” This church stood until Williamite war when it was destroyed during the siege of Cork (1690). In 1693 this was replaced by a church, also dedicated to St. Mary, and at the bottom in Mallow Lane, modern Shandon Street. Because of population growth, it was decided to build new on this old place and so in 1722 the present church of St. Anne Shandon was constructed.

It is built with two types of rock, red sandstone from the original Shandon castle standing nearby, and limestone taken from the abandoned Franciscan Abbey which stood on the North Mall. If the strategy for Shandon, it is possible to see both red and white colored stone, and so is the affection that Shandon argue that citizens designated both colors to represent the city.  [Citation needed ]  

The Church of St. Anne reached full parish status in 1772 when Rev. Arthur Hyde (great grandfather of Dr. Douglas Hyde) was appointed its first principal.

Features

Bell

The church is known for its eight bells (called via a Ellacombe)  [1]  because of the song “The Bells of Shandon” by Francis Sylvester Mahony.  [2]  The largest weighs about 1.5 tons and was originally cast by Abel Rudhäll Gloucester . To reduce vibration, they were placed in a fixed position. They called the first 7 December 1752. They have been revised twice, in 1865 and 1906.  [1]  . Today, visitors can climb to the first floor and ring the bells themselves  [3]

The original inscription retained on each watch:

  • When you call us, we sing sweetly
  • God preserve the Church and the King
  • Health and prosperity for all our benefactors
  • Peace and good neighborhood
  • Prosperity to the city and trade thereof
  • We were all cast in Gloucester in England by Abel Rudhäll 1750
  • Because generosity has opened our mouths, our tongues sing his praise
  • In the church’s live calls and to the grave does not call all

Tower

The walls of the building is 2 meters (7 feet) thick and the height of the tower is 36.5 meters (120 feet). This will be extended an additional 15 m (50 ft) for “pepper pot” ornament on the tower. The McOsterich family was involved in the design and construction of this tower and to this day a special privilege gave them. When a family member get married, anywhere in the world, bells ringing in their ära.Ovanpå this Pepper pot is a weather vane in the shape of a salmon, which represents the fishing of the River Lee. It is an apt symbol for the top of a church,  [ citation needed ]  as in the earliest Christian days the fish was used as a symbol for the name of the Lord.  

Clock

The clock of the tower is known to Corkonians as “The Four Faced Liar” because, depending on the angle of the viewer, and the effects of the wind on his hands on a given surface, the time does not appear to correspond perfectly on every surface.  [4 ]  due to maintenance issues, the clock stopped in 2013, but plans to finance the repair agreed May 2014  [5]  , and the clock is started in September 2014.  [4]

Font

The baptismal font, dated 1629, is a relic of the church was destroyed in the siege of Cork in 1690 and bears the inscription,  “Walter Elinton and William Ring made this pant  (the Anglo-Saxon word for font)  when their fees”  .Within a tin bowl dated 1773rd

References

  1. ^ Jump up to: a b church of St. Anne – Home
  2. Jump up ^  “1726 – St. Anne’s, Shandon, Cork – Architecture of Cork City “. Archiseek.com. 2009-11-06. Pulled 04/22/2013.
  3. Jump up ^  “Tours of the Bells of Shandon in Cork City, the Church of St. Anne’s in Cork City Guide Cork City”. Discoveringcork.ie. 03.24.2012.Pulled 04/22/2013.
  4. ^ Jump up to: a b Eoin English (3 September 2014). “Shandon clock ticking again after expert spends time with” liar “”. Irish Examiner. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  5. Jump up ^  “Cork City Council to establish Shandon Clock”. Irish Examiner. May 22, 2014.

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