County Clare (Irish: Contae an Chlair ) is a municipality in Ireland, in the Mid-West region and the province of Munster. Clare County Council is the local authority. The county had a population of 117,196 at the census of 2011. 
Geography and political subdivisions
Clare is the northwestern part of the River Shannon, covering a total area of 3400 sq km (1300 sq mi). Clare is the 7th largest of Ireland’s 32 traditional counties in area and 19th largest in terms of population. It borders two counties in Munster and a county in Connacht: County Limerick in the south, County Tipperary to the east and County Galway in the north. Clare nickname is the Banner County . 
Baronies, parishes and townlands
The county is divided into baronies of Bunratty Lower, Upper Bunratty, Burren, Clonderalaw, Corcomroe, Ibrickan, Inchiquin, islands, Moyarta, Tulla Tulla Lower and Upper. These in turn are divided into civil parishes, which are divided into townlands. These divisions are real estate define land boundaries and ownership, rather than administrative.
Towns and Villages
- Bare Field
- Cree (Creegh)
- Kilmurry McMahon
- Milltown Malbay
- O’Brien’s Bridge
- O’Callaghans Mills
Water defines a large part of the physical limits of Clare. To the southeast is the River Shannon, Ireland’s longest river and to the south is the Shannon Estuary. The boundary to the northeast is defined avLough Derg which is the third largest lake in Ireland. In the west, the Atlantic Ocean, and the north is Galway Bay.
County Clare contains The Burren, a unique karst region, which contains rare flowers and plants. On the western edge of the Burren, facing the Atlantic Ocean, are the Cliffs of Moher. The highest point in County Clare is Moylussa, 532, in the Slieve Bernagh  varies in the eastern part of the county. The following islands are outside the county:
- Inishmore (or Deer) Island
- mutton Island
- Scattery Island
There was a Neolithic civilization in the Clare area – the name of the people is unknown, but the prehistoric peoples left the evidence remains in the form of old dolmen; megalithic single chamber, typically consisting of three or more upright stones. Clare is one of the richest sites of these graves in Ireland, most attention is the Burren area, it is known somPoulnabrone dolmen which translates as the hole sorrows .  The remains of people inside the tomb has been excavated and dated to 3800 BC .  Ptolemy created a map of Ireland in his Geographia information dating back to 100 AD, is the oldest written account of the island with geographical features.  in his map Ptolemy names Gaelic tribes inhabit it and the areas where they residents; Clare in the area he identified a tribe called Gangani .  Historians have found tribes on the west of Ireland most difficult to identify with famous people, menCamden O’Conor and speculated a possible connection between Gangani and Concani ,   [ 10] of the eleven tribes in the confederation of Cantabri in the northern part of the Iberian Peninsula. 
During the early Middle Ages, the area was part of the kingdom of Connacht controlled by Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, until it was annexed to the Kingdom of Munster solved by Dalcassians in the middle of the 10th century. It was renamed Thomond, which North Munster and given rise to Brian Boru in this period, perhaps the most noted högkung. From 1118 onwards, the Kingdom of Thomond was in place as their own petty kingdom, controlled by the O’Brien clan. After the Norman invasion of Ireland, Thomas de Clare established a short-lived Norman domination Thomond, expire at the Battle of Dysert O’Dea in 1318 under Edward Bruce invasion. The County name Clare will probably not from the Clare family, but upon payment of Clare (now Clarecastle) whose Irish name Clar [ “plank bridge”] refers to a crossing of the River Fergus.   
1543, during the Tudor conquest of Ireland, Murrough O’Brien in surrender and regrant to Henry VIII became Earl of Thomond in Henry’s The Kingdom of Ireland. Henry Sidney Lord Deputy of Ireland, Desmond Rebellions responded by creating Presidency of Connaught in 1569 and the presidency in Munster in 1570. He was transferred Thomond from Munster to Connaught, which he shired, Thomond is County Clare. About 1600 Clare was removed from the presidency Connaught and made a presidency in its own right under the Earl of Thomond. When Henry O’Brien, 5th Earl of Thomond died in 1639, Lord Deputy Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford decreed Clare should return to the presidency in Munster, but the war of the three kungadömenaförsenat until reset. 
County Clare’s nickname is the Banner County , where various origins have been proposed: the banners captured by Clare Dragoons at the Battle of Ramillies; or the banner of “Catholic Emancipation” up avDaniel O’Connell victory in a 1828 election for County Clare who led the Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829th 
Scattery Island, at the mouth of the Shannon off the Clare coast, was transferred to Limerick Corporation and the County of Limerick city after the dissolution of the monasteries, and assigned to County Clare by municipal companies (Ireland) Act 1840th Under the Local Government (Ireland) Act, 1898, a part of the legal County Galway (Drummaan, Inishcaltra North and Mount electoral divisions) were transferred to County Clare. This area includes the village of Mountshannon on the northwestern shore of Lough Derg.
Local authorities and the Dáil representation
See also: Clare (Dáil Éireann constituency) and Clare County Council
The county seat is at Ennis, who also serves as a major regional hub for County Clare. Among its rescue, it contains Ennis Regional Hospital, Clare divisional HQ in Lake, Clare fire brigade and civil defense.
Clare is represented by its own parliamentary constituency in Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish parliament or Oireachtas and has been since 1921. Clare currently served by four TDs. In short, a small area of Clare were in Clare-Galway South constituency in the 1970s before being abolished.The second part of the local government represented by the Municipal -Clare four in the form of Ennis, Kilrush, Kilkee and Shannon.
The constituency has historically been a Fianna Fáil stronghold. But Fianna Fáil lost its overall majority Council in 2004.  As of 2009 local elections Fine Gael is the largest party with 12 seats.  It won 40% of votes in the Clare constituency in the 2011 Irish general election.
Prominent former TDs Clare include Éamon de Valera who went on to become prime minister and president, former President Patrick Hillery and former Minister Brendan Daly.
English is the main language spoken in Clare. The vast majority of the population are Irish people, accounting for 86%. Most immigrants are Europeans total additional 7520; There is also a small African minority of 1,124 people while other groups are very small in number.  The population of Clare accounted for 117.196 people in the last census in 2011. The main cities are Ennis with a population of 25,360 and Shannon with the 9673rd demographic profile of Clare in general is quite young: 22% are under 14 years, while 12% are over 65, compared to the national average of 20% and 11%, respectively.  There is a slightly higher percentage of males by 50 , 5%, while females number 49.5%. 
In addition there is a large Clare diaspora due to large migration during the 19th century. There are millions of people around the world who can trace their family background Clare; these are mostly present in North America, UK, Australia, South Africa, Argentina and New Zealand.  Many people from the Irish diaspora visiting the area to trace his family roots and background. 
Most of the names in Clare derived from September’s of Dalcassian course of Gaels; some of the most common examples are few names of assimilated Norman origin such as Burke, Dalton, and Comyn. 
The most dominant religion in County Clare is Christianity; at least 92% of the population in the area surveyed as part of Ireland Census 2006 identified as Christian.  There are many abbeys and priories in Clare; some of the ruins of these as Scattery Island, Bishop Island and Drum monastery is old, dating from the 6th century when Christianity was first introduced to Ireland.The former was founded by St. Senan who was born locally near Kilrush in 488 and is counted among the twelve apostles of Ireland.  There are many other saints of Clare as Flannan, Mochulleus, Moula, Caïmin, Maccreiche, Munchin and more.  today the Catholic Church is in the majority with 88% of the population declaring themselves adherents of the religion, this is slightly above the national average. 
Most of Clare falls under the Catholic bishop of the Diocese of Guy, which is part of the ecclesiastical province of Cashel and Emly.  The Bishop of Killaloe sitting at the St Peter and Paul Cathedral in Ennis. A small part of the northwestern part of the Clare falls under the Diocese of Galway, Kilmacduagh and Kilfenora.  As part of the local architectural conservation projects around eighty Christian churches are protected structures, some of the more notable structures include the ruins of Corcomroe Abbey, Quin Abbey and Dysert O Dea monastery. 
The largest religious minority is the Church of Ireland, which is part of the Anglican community, with nearly 2000 followers  in Clare. The county is part of the Diocese of Limerick and Killaloe, one of the three cathedrals of the diocese is St. Flannan’s Cathedral in Kill.  Other religious communities in Clare are very small in comparison, while there is also a minority who declare no religion. [ 26]
County Clare is famous for beautiful scenery. [ Citation needed ]
- Cliffs of Moher
- Inis Cealtra (Holy Island) in Lough Derg
- loop Head
- Scattery Island
- Spanish Point
West Clare and some pockets in East Clare was recognized as part of the Gaeltacht, the Irish Free State government in the original Coimisiún na Gaeltachta 1926th The most prominent of these areas with native Irish speakers were west of Ennis in Kilmihil, Kilrush, Doonbeg, Doolin, Ennistimon, Carrigaholt, Lisdoonvarna and Ballyvaughan. But at the time of the second Coimisiún na Gaeltachta 1956, the decline has been such that West Clare was completely removed from the list, but it remained under the Gaeltacht (Housing) serves until 2001.
Geographical proximity to the Aran Islands (which was once a part of Thomond) and local trade by fishermen from that meant the language held out longer in Fanore, Murroogh, Doolin and Quilty than other places. The last native Clare Irish speakers, the seanchaí Paddy Pharaic Mhichil Shannon Fisher Street, Doolin, died in the early 1990s. More recently, pressure group Coiste Forbartha Gaeltachta Chontae a Chlair have tried to restore the official status in West Clare a Gaeltacht area.  
County Clare has a strong history of traditional music. It is home of the Kilfenora Ceili Band, the Tulla Ceili Band, Stockton Wing, Sharon Shannon, Noel Hill, Peadar O’Loughlin, Martin Hayes and legendary tin whistlerMicho Russell. Ennis in County Clare is also the birthplace of Grammy-nominated singer Maura O’Connell, whose grandmother started a fish market in the city.The county has many traditional music festivals and one of the most famous is the Willie Clancy Summer School, held every July in the town of Milltown Malbay in memory of the famous uilleann piper Willie Clancy.
Andy Irvine has written two songs celebrate County Clare is a “west coast of Clare” (recorded with Planxty 1973), where he mentions the Spanish Point and Milltown Malbay. The other is “My Heart last night in Ireland” (recorded on his solo album rain on the roof in 1996, and again at the transit station 2005), where he mentions several towns and villages in County Clare: Milltown Malbay, Scariff, Kilrush, Sixmilebridge, Kilkishin, Lahinch, Ennistymon, Liscannor and Kilkee, and makes two references to music Willie Clancy:
In the town of Scarriff sun shone in the sky
When Willie Clancy played their pipes and tears welled in my eyes
Many years have passed and gone since the time we were there
, but my heart tonight in Ireland in the cute County Clare.
Lahinch and Ennistymon , Liscannor and Kilkee
But best of all was the Milltown when the music flowed so free
Willie Clancy and County Clare I am ever in your debt
for the sights and sounds of yesterday lights memories yet.
Milltown Malbay is home to Oidhreacht a Chlair, an institute of higher education in all aspects of Irish tradition, history and literature. 
Clare hurling team has one of the best records of success in the country in recent years with many cups Liam MacCarthy Cup after winning the 1995, 1997 and 2013 and also finalists in 2002. Clare won the Munster final in football in 1992 beat Kerry . There is a strong Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) presence in County Clare with the founder of the GAA, Michael Cusack, born in Carron in the heart of the Burren in North Clare. Irish rugby internationals from Clare include Keith Wood, Anthony Foley and Marcus Horan.
Clare has two national primary roads -a classification with reference to the main roads between major cities in Ireland.  This includes the N18 linking Limerick to Galway, passing through Ennis and route of the N19 -Shannon.  these two roads is a part of the wider western and southern corridor linking many of the major settlements across the island in these areas. There are also some significant national secondary roads -across coast, stretching from Bally by Lahinch and Kilkee, before they get to Kilrush is N67.  In addition to this N68 connects Kilrush to Ennis, but Ennis is connected to Ennistymon via the N85. [ 36]
Main public transportation is mostly limited to buses drove by the Irish government companies Bus Éireann; There are about 25 buses run frequently roads that pass through most major settlements in Clare.  The Ennis railway station operated by the state-owned Iarnród Éireann is the main railway station in Clare today; it opened 2 July 1859.  The route limerick trains run from Ennis to Dublin and it generally takes three hours to complete the journey.   It was formerly much more extensive local rail network in Clare, who, while a part of the United Kingdom, West Clare Railway was in existence from its opening in 1887 by Charles Stewart Parnell until 1961 that covers a large part of the county.  it was quite ineffective but leads Percy French to write the song Ye Right there Michael? about their experiences. A large part of it was dug up and removed by the Irish Government from 1950 to 1970 after having considered wasteful, but it remains to local organizations who want to conserve and restore parts of it. 
The third busiest airport in Ireland is located in Clare with Shannon International Airport, which opened in 1945.  Together with Dublin Airport and Cork Airport is one of the three main airports in the country, handling 3.62 million passengers in 2007. Shannon was the first airport in Ireland to receive transatlantic flights.  Ryanair is the airline handling Main with the UK and continental European countries such as Spain, France and Germany as the top destinations.  much traffic from the United States received, Aer Lingus handles the majority; It is sometimes used as a military landing that has caused some controversy in the country,  , but nonetheless has generated significant revenue for the airport.  There are some local ferry services, so much of the county is surrounded by water, there is one from Killimer to Tarbert Island in Kerry  and also from Doolin to the Aran islands of Inisheer and Inishmore. 
- High Sheriff of Clare
- Lord Lieutenant of Clare
- Wild Atlantic Way
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