CategoryCounty Carlow

Brownshill Dolmen

The  Brown Hill Dolmen  (  Dolmain Chnoc a Bhrúnaigh  in Irish) is a megalithic portal tomb located 3 km east of Carlow, County Carlow, Ireland.It is just utanförR726 regional road  [1]  and is clearly visible from the road. A cornerstone of Brown Hill, weighs approximately 100 tons, is known to be the heaviest in Europe.  [2]  The tomb is listed as a national monument.  [3]

Name

Officially known as  Kernanstown Cromlech  , it is also written as  Brown  e actress  Dolmen. It is located on a hill sits the former estate house Browne family as the hill got its name.  [4]

History

It was built between 4000 and 3000 BC of some of the earliest farmers to inhabit the island. It is also known as  Brownhill Portal Tomb  , so called because the entrance to the tomb was flanked by two large upright stones (orthostats) supports granite cornerstone, or roof of the chamber. A cornerstone is believed to have been covered by an earthen mound and a grind stone blocked the entrance. On Brownhill both portal stones and stone gate is still in place; Capstone is located on top of the portals and the gate stone and slopes to the ground away from the entrance. Not much more information is available at Brownhill because it has never been excavated.  [1] A fourth upright standing nearby and could be the remains of a förgård.Omfattningen of the chamber can not be determined.

See also

  • Dolmen
  • List of megalithic sites

References

  1. ^ Jump up to: ab “Brown Hill Dolmen”. Carlow Town.com. Pulled 09/12/2007.
  2. Jump up ^ Weir, A (1980). Early Ireland. A Field Guide. Belfast Blackstaff Press. p. one hundred and first
  3. Jump up ^ national monuments in County Carlow
  4. Jump up ^  “Browneshill Dolmen”. Carlow County Museum. Pulled 09/12/2007.

County Carlow

County Carlow  (Irish:  Contae Cheatharlach  ) is a municipality in Ireland.It is part of the South East region and is also located in the province of Leinster.  [8]  It is named after the town of Carlow, which lies on the River Barrow. Carlow County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county is 54,612 according to the census of 2011.

Geography and political subdivisions

Carlow, or “Ceatharlach” originally part of Norman Palantine counties of Leinster, became a separate county probably around 1306.  [9]  At the time, more than today, which extends through the coastal area around Arklow, but control of this area was questioned by the Irish chiefs in the area. These areas were given over to County Wicklow in 1606-1607

baronies

There are seven historic baronies in the county: Carlow, Forth, Idrone East, Idrone West, Rathvilly, St. Mullin Lower and Upper St. Mullin.

Towns and Villages

  • Ardattin
  • Ballinkillin
  • Ballon
  • Bally
  • Borris
  • Carlow
  • Clonmore
  • Clonegal
  • Fennagh
  • The hack Town
  • Kildavin
  • Muine Bheag
  • myshall
  • Nurney
  • old Leighlin
  • Rathvilly
  • Royal Oak
  • St Mullin’s
  • Tinryland
  • Tullow

Local governments and politics

Local authorities in County Carlow is controlled by the  local government act , the latest of which (Local Government Act 2001) established a two-tier structure of local authorities .Toppskiktet of the structure consists of Carlow County Council. The second part of the municipal council consists of. .Outside the city, the County Council is solely responsible for local services [10]  Two towns in the county council: Carlow and Muine Bheag. There are 21 councilors in the county who return from five local elections areas: Borris (3), Carlow East (4), Carlow West (5), Muine Bheag (4) and Tullow (4).  [11] [12] Because the county is part of the Southeast region, some County Council are also representatives isydöstra regional authority. 

For elections to Dáil Éireann, is part of Carlow Carlow-Kilkenny constituency that returns five TDs. The current form of the constituency was created for the 1948 general election.

Sports

  • FC Carlow is the local football team competing in a championship
  • Carlow GAA is the county’s Gaelic Athletic Association, the body which fields both hurling and football teams.

People

  • Pierce Butler – soldier, planter and statesman, recognized as one of America’s “founding fathers. He represented South Carolina in the Continental Congress and the US Senate.
  • Myles Keogh – American Civil War military officer and later captain of Company In the US 7th Cavalry Regiment – fought in the Indian Wars and was killed at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876. He was born in Orchard, Leighlinbridge 1840th
  • William Dargan – engineer, is often seen as the father of Irish railways.
  • Richie Kavanagh – comic songwriter, from Raheenwood, Fenagh, Co.Carlow.
  • John Tyndall – 19th century scientist who was the first to explain why the sky is blue.
  • Derek Ryan – country singer and former member of the pop band D-side
  • Saoirse Ronan – Oscar and Golden Globe nominated actor.
  • Kathryn Thomas – RTÉ presenter.
  • Samuel Haughton – polymath, in 1866 published a formula to calculate the drop needed to cause death of the hangings.
  • Peter Murphy – radio and television companies presented RTÉ’s  Cross Country Quiz  , born in Carlow
  • Sean O’Brien Leinster and Ireland international rugby player.
  • Frank O’Meara, Carlow -born Irish artist known for its Impressionist plein air landscape painting (1853-1888).
  • James Fenelon – a member of the Wisconsin State Assembly.
  • David Mullins – Irish jockey, known for riding rule the world to win the 2016 Grand National

See also

  • List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Carlow)
  • Lord Lieutenant of Carlow
  • High Sheriff of Carlow

References

  1. Jump up ^  “County Carlow”. Central Bureau of Statistics . 2011.
  2. Jump up ^ For the 1653 and 1659 figures from the Civil Survey Census of those years, the paper Mr. Hardinge Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  3. Jump up ^ Census of post 1821 figures.
  4. Jump up ^ http://www.histpop.org
  5. Jump up ^ http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census
  6. Jump up ^  Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  7. Jump up ^  Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review.  37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468 -0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  8. Jump up ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). “Carlow (county)”. Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  9. Jump up ^ Desmond Roche,  municipal law of Ireland  , Dublin, 1982
  10. Jump up ^  “All Services”. Carlow County Council. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  11. Jump up ^  “2009 Local Elections – Carlow County Council”.ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  12. Jump up ^ Act of the Oireachtas: County Carlow Local Electoral Areas Order 2008

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