Victor’s Way

Way Victor  (formerly  Way Victoria  ), located near  Roundwood  ,  County  Wicklow  ,  Ireland  , is a remarkable private meditation garden for its black granite sculptures. The 9-hectare property includes a number of small lakes and wooded areas. A plaque at the entrance indicates that the park is dedicated to the cryptographer  Alan Turing .

The park closed in 2015 under  the  name of ”  Victoria’s Way”  with the owner saying,  “Too many excursionists have become a fun park for parents with children, designed as a contemplative garden for over 28 years. but was then reopened as  Victor’s Way  on April 15, 2016 with new age restrictions and higher entry fees. [3]  The change of name actually amounts to its original name  [4]

The park is open to the public during the summer months (15 April – 25 September), with admission for adults only with a minimum contribution. 


Most of the statues in the park are in  black granite  , some in  bronze  and 1.5 to 4.9 m high. [5]  The first structure at the entrance is a sculptured tunnel based on the idea of ​​the  dentate vagina  . The first statue added to the park was the fasting Buddha. [6]

Eight statues are dedicated to  Ganesha  , showing the god of the elephant dancing, reading and playing musical instruments. [7]  All Ganesha sculptures were made in  Tamil Nadu  ,  India  , and each took five artisans a year to do. [8]

Other statues include a large python-shaped seat, a solitary index pointing to the sky, and interpretations of  Buddha  ,  Shiva  ,  Eve  and others.

Many sculptures include small patterns of modernity, such as a small pint of  Guinness  next to a Ganesha and a cell phone nestled in the back of a hungry Buddha. [9]


The park is owned and maintained by Victor Langheld, born in 1940 in  Berlin  and lived with a number of different religious orders in Thailand, Japan and Sri Lanka. [10] The  family legacy allowed Langheld to spend most of his adult life traveling to spiritual sites in  Asia  , before traveling to Ireland and sponsoring the construction of the sculpture park.

Langheld designed most of the sculptures,  [8]  and continues to organize the park and welcome visitors. Continue reading

Victoria’s Way

Feeling a little lost on this winding path called life? Need to discover your ultimate goal and feel at peace with yourself? Perhaps you should venture into County Wicklow, Ireland, and look at a statue of a man howling with agony as he cuts his head in two.

The Split Man is one of the sculptures of  Victoria’s Way , a garden built to inspire self-reflection. Creator Victor Langheld established the park in 1989 after traveling to India in search of spiritual enlightenment. He describes it on his  website:

The Victoria Way was conceived as a contemplative space used by individuals (ie, single people) between the ages of 28 and 60 who feel the need to assess the quality and direction of their lives. It is a sort of pilgrimage of self-re-evaluation and self-reorientation.

The process of rebirth begins at the door – to enter the park, you walk through a large black granite dentist vagina guarded by a stone snake. Then, it is time to confront the seven sculptures of the forest that will bring you from pain and confusion to self-actualization


Mullingar (in Irish an Muileann gCearr , ie “the mill gauchi”) is a city in the center of Ireland , 80 kilometers from Dublin . It is the administrative center of the county of Westmeath in Ireland and is the seat of the Catholic diocese of Meath . The city had 20,103 inhabitants at the 2010 census, making it the largest city in Westmeath County. The city has services such as libraries, high schools, gymnasiums, art centers, a train station and the stadium of the GAA  : the Cusack-park.

Renowned for livestock in its markets, the city has given birth to the Irish expression “having meat on his heels like a heifer of Mullingar” (a remark mocking the well-wrapped young girls of the ankles).

Monuments include the monastery of Augustine whose brotherhood has disappeared, the wall of Jealousy Wall , 55 meters long , the largest false ruin in Ireland, on the lands of Belvedere House. See also Fore Abbey (Fore Abbey) .

The city is covered by two newspapers: the Westmeath Topic , and the Westmeath Examiner , the latter with the largest circulation in Westmeath County in the second half of 2006.


The town of Mullingar is mentioned for the first time in a manuscript of the xii th  century one called The Life of Saint Colman 2 , Lynn, who is kept in the Library of Rennes in France.

It was founded around 1186 by Guillaume Petit , a Norman baron , who had built a castle overlooking the river Brosna where the county buildings are now located.

Mullingar today

Singers Joe Dolan and the Swarbrigg brothers , as well as Michael O’Leary of Ryanair have recently lived in Mullingar. Niall Horan of the boys band One Direction was born here. The surrounding areas are also famous for their lakes: Lough Owel , Lough Ennell , Lough Lene and Lough Derravaragh which attract anglers, windsurfers and hikers. Lough Derravaragh and Lough Lene are best known for their connection to the Irish legend of King Lir’s children . After being transformed into swans, the children of King Lir spent three hundred years on the Lough Derravaragh during their tragic adventures.

Recently, the tin articles of the Mullingar Pewter plant located near the city have become one of Mullingar’s main exports. Small sculptures, the “pilgrims”, enthroned in the windows of the various shops of Austin Friers street are also world famous.


Mullingar hosted the Fleadh Cheoil 3 in 1951 (creation) and in 1963.

Ferns, County Wexford

Ferns (Irish: Fearna , meaning “al trees” card Fearna Mór Maedhóg ) is a historic town in the north of County Wexford, Ireland. It is 16 km (10 mi) from Enniscorthy, därGorey Enniscorthy N11 road joins the R745 regional road. The remains of Ferns Castle is in the center of the city.

View of Ferns from the castle tower.


Ferns are thought to have formed in the 6th century, when the monastery was founded in 598 dedicated to St. Mogue of Clonmore (St.Aidan) who was a bishop of ferns. [7] The city became the capital icon Kingdom of Leinster and also the capital of Ireland when the kings of the south part of the province established its headquarters in power. It was a very big city yet, but shrunk in the fire that destroyed most of the time. The city stretched all the way down and longer than the River Bann (tributary of the River Slaney), if it is not burned, it has been one of Ireland’s largest cities idag.Kung Dermot MacMurrough founded St. Mary Abbey as a house of the Augustinian Canons c. 1158 and was buried there in 1171. [8]

Ferns Castle, an Anglo-Norman fortress built in the 13th century by William the Earl Marshall. Today, about half of the castle remains. The city also contains 13th century St Edan’s Cathedral (Church of Ireland) this Cathedral is not the original, but the ruins of the original can be found a few meters away from the existing and the existing cathedral today is not fully restored cathedral that was supposed to be (there was order by queen Elizabeth in the construction of its former self of O’Byrnes Wicklow but they only returned part), which is the cathedral today. It can be seen as an artifact and a museum, and of course a church. The tower and the Chapter House was put on in the 19th century. There are also several high crosses and parts of the cross.

The old Catholic Church was at the northern end of town to the 1970s, when there was a roof problems. Parish Priest at the time ordered it, the clearance by the parish to demolish it. A convent is St. Aidan convent of worship now in its stead.

The foundation stone for the new church of St. Aidan was on the Feast of St. Aidan January 31, 1974 the foundation stone is on the northwest corner of the wall of the church at the entrance to the sacristy. The new Catholic church was completed in 1975. During the 2000s, the new church went under a major renovation since it also had a roof leakage problems of the roof and so on, there was an earlier roof problems 15 years after the church was built.They replaced the slate with new composite metal materials, the interior is also renovated and some minor changes were made to the appearance of the building.

A plaque listing the names of parish priests, from 1644, is on the wall to the right of the altar next to the organ. The organ in St.Aidan Catholic Church is more than 100 years old and used to be a “pump” body until the parish changed it into electricity. The pipe organ was transferred from the old church to the new church, and is still in use. Denanglikanska Cathedral and New Catholic Church is open daily Anglican Cathedral – all day and The New Catholic Church – 09:00 until around 4:00, usually or sometimes later on Fridays.

19th century the population reached a peak in 1851, but never reached the levels of the middle ages. Lewis topography of 1834 claimed the town “consists mainly of an irregular street, and includes 106 houses indifferently built, retains no trace of its former significance.” [9] The Abbey, St. Peter’s Church (Catholic and Anglican), and the rest of the great cathedral considered as holy places and is regarded as the Church still this includes the monastery now has the title of a church and monastery.

annalistic references

See Annals of Inisfallen (AI)

  • AI741.1 Kl. The rest of Cúán.u, abbot of Ferna and Flann.Feórna son of Colman, king of Ciarraige Luachra [died].

Religion and heritage

The city gave the name to the Diocese of Ferns (both Catholic and Church of Ireland). The city’s religious traditions live on today through the recent establishment of Ferns in a hermitage.

The whole history of modern Ireland are derived from Ferns – Diarmuid MacMurrough, king of Leinster invited the Normans in 1169 to help him fight his battles (they never left) – he sealed the deal with her daughter Aoife marriage of Strongbow.

Ferns have evidence of four different periods in Irish history. Archaeological excavations have revealed homes of copper, iron, early Christian and Norman eras.

Ferns have many church sites dating from the early Christian period by Norman and medieval times. Ancient monuments include

Ferns Castle (Visitor Centre May to late September – 10:00 to 17:00 Open daily, houses Ferns tapestries)

Cathedral cemetery

The tomb king Dermot MacMurrough

Maria in August Abbey

St. Edan’s Cathedral

The remainder of the great medieval Gothic cathedral

High cross Ferns

St. Mogue s Cottage

St. Peter’s Church

St. Mogue s Well

Monument to Father John Murphy (who was born near Ferns)

St.Aidan Church (New Catholic Church)

St. Aidan monastery of worship (monastery in the old Catholic Church site)

For more information about Ferns Heritage


Ferns is located on the N11 road connecting Dublin to Wexford.

Regular (almost every hour) bus link Ferns to Dublin and Rosslare are provided by a number of companies.

Ferns railway station was opened November 16, 1863, closed for passenger traffic March 30, 1964 and to freight traffic November 3, 1975 before eventually closes completely on March 7, 1977. [10]


  • Anne Doyle – former RTÉ newsreader
  • Dermot MacMurrough (d 1171). – Former King of Uí Cheinnselaig and Leinster
  • Gordon D’Arcy professional Ireland and Leinster rugby player

See also

  • Ferns Inquiry
  • List of towns and villages in Ireland.


  1. Jump up ^ “Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area” (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 reports. Central Statistics Office of Ireland. April 2007. Taken 2011-06-11.
  2. Jump up ^ “Census of record 1821 figures.” Central Statistics Office of Ireland. Retrieved 2010-01-28.
  3. Jump up ^ “Histpop – Online Historical Population Reports website.”Histpop.Org. 04.02.2007. Retrieved 2010-01-28.
  4. Jump up ^ NISRA. “Census website.” Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Retrieved 2010-01-28.
  5. Jump up ^ Lee, JJ (1981). “On the accuracy of pre-famine Irish censuses”. In the Gold Strom, JM; Clarkson, LA Irish population, economy and society: Essays in Honour of the late KH Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  6. Jump up ^ Mokyr, Joel, O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). “New Developments in the Irish population history, 1700-1850”. The Economic History Review. 37 (4) :. 473-488 doi: 10.1111 / j.1468 -0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  7. Jump up ^ Blue Guide, Ireland. Brian Lalor. (p248) ISBN 0-7136-6130-5
  8. Jump up ^ Gwynn, Aubrey; R. Hadcock Neville (1970). Medieval monasteries Ireland. London: Longman. pp. 175-176. ISBN 0-582-11229-X.
  9. Jump up ^ Lewis, Samuel (1837). A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland. Dublin, Ireland: Samuel Lewis. p. 624th
  10. Jump up ^ “Ferns station” (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Pulled 10/14/2007.

Passport & Palmtree

The website is a must for every globetrotter. You find great tips, reviews and information about the best places in the world.


Castlebar (Irish: Caislean an Bharraigh , which means “Barry Castle”) is the county seat of County Mayo, Ireland. It is in the middle of the county and its largest city by population.

A campus of Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology and country life part of the National Museum of Ireland are two important local amenities. The city is linked by rail to Dublin, Westport and Ballina. The main road on the road is the N5. The city is surrounded by several villages, including Ballintubber. Its economy is primarily service-based. Continue reading

The Museum of Country Life

The Museum of Country Life is located in Turlough Village, 8 km (5.0 mi) northeast of Castlebar, County Mayo in Ireland. Founded in 2001, the museum is part of the National Museum of Irelandoch is the only national museum outside of Dublin. [2] The museum exhibits the lifestyle of rural Irish people between 1850 and 1950, and it is in the grounds of Turlough Park House. There are displays about the home, the natural environment, trade and craft, communities, and works on land and water. Continue reading

Lough Mask

Lough Mask (Irish: Loch Measca ) is a limestone lough (lake) of 20,500 acres (83 km²) in County Mayo, Ireland, north of Lough Corrib. Lough Mask is in the middle of the three lakes, which flow into the Corrib River, through Galway, Galway Bay. Carra flows into Lough Mask, which feeds into Lough Corrib through an underground stream that becomes the River Cong .Lough Mask is the sixth largest lake by area, in Ireland. [1] The eastern half of the Lough Mask is shallow and contains many islands . The other half (Upper Lough Mask) is much deeper, drops to a long ditch with depths exceeding 50 meters. [2] Lough Mask has an average depth of 15m and a maximum depth of 58. [3] The water volume of 1.3 km 3 [4] is only surpassed by the Lough Neagh is 3.5 km 3 in Ireland and it is the largest lake by volume of water in Ireland. [5]

The lake is popular for its trout fishing. The World Cup Trout Fly Fishing Championship takes place annually on Lough Mask Cushlough Bay near Ballinrobe. [6]

In 1338, Sir Edmond de Burgh was drowned in the lake with his cousin Sir Edmond Albannach Bourke County Mayo, in the late Burke civil war from 1333 to 1338. He was captured and taken to påBallinrobe Oilean-a-lara (Earls Island) where he was killed.

Under a side note on the manuscript contains the oldest copy of “Tóruigheacht Dhiarmada agus Ghráinne” ( “The Pursuit of Diarmuid and Gráinne ‘) (Royal Irish Academy Ms. 24.P.9), Irish scribe Dáibhídh Bacach (” lame David “) Ó Duibhgeannáin lived and worked on Oilean Ruadh ( “Red Island”) on Lough Mask in house Tadhg Og O Flaherty in the day, april 1, 1651.

The Lough was the scene of 1882 “Lough Mask Murder”, when two bailiffs working for Lord Ardilaun killed, described as “an old man and a boy.” [7]Tensions had occurred in the area during the land wars and the proximity of land managed Charles Boycott. The corpses were found in the lough itself.The controversial lack of credible witnesses led to four well-publicized trials of the accused in 1882-1883.

According to local legend, a banshee haunting Lead Island, a small island in Lough. It has also been rumored sightings of a banshee around the shores of Lough and other forms of paranormal activity.

Petersburg Outdoor Education Center is located on the shores of Lough near Lead Island. The center uses the lake for many water sports including kayaking, canoeing and sailing.

“Loch Measca” was taken as alias Sean Seoighe (John Joyce) in Eachtra múinteóra an Irish language memoir published in 1929.

See also

  • List of Loughs in Ireland


  1. Jump up ^ List of Loughs in Ireland
  2. Jump up ^ The Bathymetry and origin of the larger lakes in Ireland Author (s): JK Charlesworth
  3. Jump up ^ County Council Toormakeady sewage Page 8 [1]
  4. Jump up ^ County Council for URMAKEADY sewage Page 12 [2]
  5. Jump up ^ List of Loughs in Ireland
  6. Jump up ^
  7. Jump up ^ annual summaries, The Times, 1882, pp. 182-186

Croagh Patrick

Croagh Patrick (Irish: Cruach Phádraig , meaning “(S) Patrick Stack”), [1]nicknamed the Reek , [2] is a 764 meters (2,507 ft) mountain and an important place of pilgrimage in County Mayo iIrland. It is 8 km (5 miles) from Westport, above the villages of Murrisk and Lecanvey. It is the third highest mountain in County Mayo after Mweelrea and Nephin. It increased by pilgrims on Reek Sunday every year, which is the last Sunday in July. It forms the southern part of a U-shaped valley created by a glacier flowing into Clew Bay in the last Ice Age .Croagh Patrick is part of a long east-west ridge;the westernmost peak called Ben Gorm.


Croagh Patrick comes from the Irish Cruach Phádraig sense “(S) Patrick stack”. It is known locally as “Reek”, an Irish English word for “rick” or “stack”.[3] In pagan times it was known as Cruachan Aigle , referred to by that name in the sources Cath Maige Tuired , [4] Buile Shuibhne , [5] meters Dindshenchas, [6] and the Annals of Ulster record for the year 1113. [7] Cruachan is simply a diminutive of Cruach “stack”, but it is not certain what Aigle funds. It is either from the Latin loan aquila “eagle” (usually aicile or acaile ) [8] or a person’s name. [6] [9] In addition to its literal meaning, Cruach in the pagan name may also be related to Crom Cruach.

The Marquess of Sligo, whose headquarters is located near Westport House, carries the titles Baron Mount Eagle and the Earl of Altamont, both derived from the alternative name ( Cruachan Aigle , high-mount ). For Croagh Patrick [10]


Main article: Reek Sunday

Croagh Patrick has sense been a place of pagan pilgrimage, especially for the summer solstice, since 3000 BC [11] It is now a place of Christian pilgrimage associated co aint Patrick fasted on top forty days in the fifth century AD [12]Thousands of people climb the mountain every Reek Sunday, which is the last Sunday of juli.Klättringen led by the Archbishop of Tuam each year. But the amount of visitors -estimated at 40,000 per year -and resulting erosion has caused concern for the safety of both the Catholic Church and local farmers who undertake safety measures. Pilgrimage was canceled because of safety reasons in 2015. [13]

Summit chapel

From St. Patrick’s own time, there had been some kind of a small chapel on the top, [14] called “Team Phádraig”. an archaeological excavation in 1994 found the remains of a foundation at the top. In the 824 Archbishops of Armagh and Tuam disagree over who had jurisdiction. [15]

A small chapel was built on the top and dedicated July 20, 1905. During the pilgrimage July 31, 2005 a plaque commemorating its centennial presented by Michael Neary, the Archbishop of Tuam.

It was decided [ citation needed ] in 2005 to open the church every day during the summer, rather than just on holidays. Mass celebrated in the church on Reek Sunday and 15 August. It opens through information lines.

Gold detection

A seam of gold were discovered in the rock in the 1980s: overall grades of 14 grams of gold per tonne (0.45 oz gold per ton) for at least 12 quartz veins, which can produce 700,000 tons (770,000 tons) of ore – potentially over 300,000 troy oz of gold (worth over € 360). But because of local opposition from the Mayo environmental group led by Paddy Hopkins, the Mayo County Council decided not to allow mining. [16]


  • Unobstructed mountain views from Westport
  • Notice at the base stations of the Catholic climbers, with the statue of Saint Patrick
  • The upper slopes of the mountain
  • Patrick Oratory at the summit
  • Patrick bed at the summit
  • Cairn near the top with views of Clew Bay and Mayo mountains
  • Chapel on top of Croagh Patrick

See also

  • List of mountains in Ireland


  1. Jump up ^ Croagh Patrick placental Database of Ireland. Pulled: 07/31/2013.
  2. Jump up ^ Croagh Patrick, Taifid chartlainne (archive footage) placental Database of Ireland. Pulled: 07/31/2013.
  3. Jump up ^ New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary , the CD edition, 1997, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1973, 1993, 1996.
  4. Jump up ^ CELT: The second battle of Moytura (Translation) – Irish
  5. Jump up ^ CELT: Buile Shuibhne (Translation) – Irish (Cruachan Oighle)
  6. ^ Jump up to: ab CELT: Dindshenchas meters, 88 Cruachan Aigle (Translation) – Irish
  7. Jump up ^ CELT: Annals of Ulster in 1113 (translation) – Irish
  8. Jump up ^ Registration for aicil of Edil
  9. Jump up ^ Old Irish-L: Cruachan Aigle July 31, 2002
  10. Jump up ^ George Edward Cokayne oath. Vicary Gibbs, The Complete Peerage , Volume I (1910) p. 113th
  11. Jump up ^ historical interest Teach na Miasa. Pulled: 07/31/2013.
  12. Jump up ^ “In imitation of the great Jewish legislator on Sinai, he spent forty days on its summit in fasting and prayer, and other penitential exercises.” Catholic Encyclopedia
  13. Jump up ^ Kieran Cooke (11 October 2015). “The sacred mountain that has become too popular.” BBC news. Retrieved eleven October 2015.
  14. Jump up ^ McDonald, Michael. “Croagh Patrick.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. February 21, 2014
  15. Jump up ^ Haggerty, Bridget. “He came to scoff – but stayed to Pray”, Irish culture and customs
  16. Jump up ^ “Obituary Paddy Hopkins.” Mayo News. July 30, 2013.Retrieved 10 September, 2013.

Cong, County Mayo

Cong (Irish: Conga , from Cúnga Fheichín means “Saint Feichin’s narrows”) is a village cross borders County Galway and County Mayo, Ireland. Cong is situated on an island formed by a number of streams that surround it on all sides. Cong located on the isthmus that connects the Loughs Corrib and Mask, near the cities of Headford and Ballinrobe and byarnaClonbur, The Neale and Cross.

Cong is known for its underground streams that connects Lough Corrib Lough Mask to the north. [1] It was also the home of Sir William Wilde, historian and father of prominent playwright, novelist, poet and short story writer Oscar Wilde.

Cong is home to Ashford Castle, a luxury hotel, converted from a Victorian faux Lake Castle, built by the Guinness familjen.Ashford Castle is a tourist attraction in its own right. Cong also has a ruined medieval abbey, Cong Abbey, where Rory O’Connor, the last högkung, spent his last years. [2] It is also the origin of a piece of Celtic art in the form of a metal cross shrine called Cross Cong. The “Cross Cong” now held in the National Museum of Ireland, Dublin. There is a High Cross in the village.

The 1111 Synod Ráth Breasail included Cong (Cunga Feichin) among the five pins that have been approved for Connacht, but in 1152 the Synod of Kells excluded it from their list and assigned to what would be the territory of the Archdiocese of Tuam. [3] [ 4] No longer a residential bishop is Cunga Feichin today indicated by the Catholic Church as an ordinary look. [5]

Cong Canal, built over five years by Benjamin Guinness in the 1850s, was a failure. Although it was only three miles long it could not hold water, buried in the porous limestone. The intention was to go Loughs Corrib and Mask and create a secure transport link from Sligo to Galway, avoiding the need to cross the west coast of Ireland. Now it is commonly known as “Dry Canal”;the water level can vary between zero inches and 12 feet, depending on the time of year (summer, dry winter full). and is three miles in length. Built heritage features of the channel remains. [6] [7]

Cong was recording the location of John Ford’s 1952 Oscar -winning film, The Quiet Man , [8] with John Wayne, Maureen O’Hara and Barry Fitzgerald. A large part of the film was shot because of Ashford Castle. The city and the castle area remains little changed since 1952, and Cong connection with the film to make it a tourist attraction. (The film is still celebrated by local “Quiet Man Fan Club”). [9]

Catholic record for Cong not begin until 1870. The Church of Ireland records from the 18th and 19th centuries have survived and are held at the South Mayo Family Research Centre nearby Ballinrobe.

annalistic references

From the Annals of the Four Masters:

  • M1184.12. Donnell O’Flanagan, Lord of Clann-Cahill, died on the conga-Feichin Cong.

See also

  • List of towns and villages in Ireland

Gallery of images

  • Autumn Leaves at Ashford Castle
  • The exterior of the old Abbey
  • Locks on the Dry Canal
  • Monk Fish House


  1. Jump up ^ “Geological Survey of Ireland.” Retrieved 23 March 2015.
  2. Jump up ^ Webb, Alfred (1878). A Compendium of Irish Biography.Dublin: MH Gill and Son.
  3. Jump up ^ Michael John Brenan, The Ecclesiastical History of Ireland , Dublin 1864, pp. 120-121, 250
  4. Jump up ^ John Healy, “Tuam” in the Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1912)
  5. Jump up ^ annuario pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 877
  6. Jump up ^ Brief history of the Cong Canal
  7. Jump up ^ Hugh McKnight (1987). Shell’s book waterways. David & Charles. p. 31. ISBN 0-7153-8239-X.
  8. Jump up ^ Cong in County Mayo Site
  9. Jump up ^ “The Quiet Man Cong”. Member of Travel Ireland Network.In 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2015.

Ashford Castle

Ashford Castle is a medieval castle that has expanded over the centuries and turned into a five-star luxury hotel near Cong on the Mayo – Galway border on the beach avLough Corrib in Ireland. It is a member of the Leading Hotels of the World organization and was previously owned by the Guinness family.

The early history

A castle was built on the edge of a monastic site in 1228 by the Anglo-Norman House of Burke. [1]

After more than three and a half centuries in Burgos, whose surname became Burke or Bourke, Ashford passed into the hands of a new champion, after a fierce battle between the forces of Burgos and the English official Sir Richard Bingham, Lord President of Connaught when a ceasefire was agreed.In 1589 the castle fell to Bingham, who added a fortified enclave within its range. [ Citation needed ]

Dominick Browne, of Browne Family (Baron Oranmore) got the farm in a Royal Grant either 1670 or 1678. [2] In 1715, the estate of Ashford established by the Browne family and a hunting lodge in the style of a 17th century French chateau was constructed. The double-headed eagles still visible on the roof represents the arms of Browne. [1]

In the late 18th century a branch of the family inhabited the castle. In the early 19th century, a Thomas Elwood was an agent of Brownes at Ashford and registered as living there in 1814. [3]

Victorian conversion

The estate was bought in 1852 by Sir Benjamin Lee Guinness from congested Estates’ Court. [4] He added two large Victorian-style extensions. [1] He also expanded the farm to 26,000 acres (110 km 2 ), built new roads and planted thousands of trees. The castle was designed for Sir William Wilde book on County Galway. [5] On Benjamin’s death in 1868, the estate passed to his son, Lord Ardilaun, which expanded further building in the Gothic Revival style.[4]

Lord Ardilaun was an avid gardener who oversaw the development of the massive woodlands and rebuilt the entire west wing of the palace, designed by architects James Franklin Fuller and George Ashlin. The new design connected the early 18th century in the east part of the two-Burgo-time tower in the west. Pinnacles added to the whole castle. [1]

He also subsidized the operation of several steamboats, the most notable of these was Lady Eglinton, who twisted between the villages of Upper Lough Corrib and Galway City region, opening the area to boost trade. In a time of agitation of the tenants in the Country war in the late 19th century, epitomized by the action of tenants at nearby Lough Mask House (home of Captain Charles Boycott), he is considered by many to be an “improvement” landlord. Some of his efforts failed, especially Cong Canal, also known as “Dry Canal”, which was built to link the Lough Mask and Lough Corrib, but was a failure, because of their inability to hold water. Despite such setbacks, love worn by him and his wife Olive, daughter of the 3rd Earl of Bantry, the castle and the estate was deep and is best symbolized by the fact that when he was knighted in 1880, he derives his title from the island of Ardilaun, which formed part of the estate on Lough Corrib. [ citation needed ]


The castle passed to Ardilaun’s nephew Ernest Guinness. [ Citation needed ] It was gifted to the Irish government in 1939. [4]

Noel Huggard opened the courtyard of a hotel, which became famous for the provision of country pursuits such as fishing and shooting. Noel Huggard parents had been in the hotel business iWaterville, since 1910, and his grand daughters, Louise and Paula, run the Butler Arms Hotel there today. [ Citation needed ]

In 1951, director John Ford came to the West of Ireland to film The Quiet Man, starring John Wayne and Maureen O’Hara. The grounds of the castle, as well as nearby Cong, formed the backdrop for much of the plot of the movie.

In recent years, the castle has been used as a set of “French Court” in The CW’s hit medieval drama Reign . The castle and surrounding grounds a prominent place in the first three seasons of drama, with actors and film workers return year on year to film on the farm. [ Citation needed ]

In 1970 the castle was bought by John Mulcahy, who oversaw its complete restoration and expansion, doubling its size with the addition of a new wing in the early 1970s, to build a golf course and develop the grounds and gardens. In 1985, a group of Irish American investors, which included Chuck Feeney and Tony O’Reilly, bought Ashford. The castle was sold by these investors in 2007 for 50 million € to Galway-based property investor Gerry Barrett and his family. [6] While some of Barrett extensive property loans would be managed by the Irish National Asset Management Agency (NAMA), Ashford was financed by Bank of Scotland (Ireland), [7] which placed the property in bankruptcy in November 2011, [8] but the hotel continued as a going concern, run by Tifco Hotel Group, an Irish hotel management company. [9] in September 2012, it was voted the best resort in Ireland and the third best in Europe avCondé Nast Traveler. [9]

In October 2012, the hotel put up for sale and are valued at about 25 million €, the hotel is half of what Barrett paid in 2007. Currently 83 bedrooms, including six suites. Barrett’s plan to add another 13 penthouse bedrooms and 30 lodges in the castle grounds have not gone through. [9] In May 2013, people were the hotel was bought by Red Carnation Hotels, a group that owns several other boutique hotels, for € 20 million, the new the owner is planning a major refurbishment and the sale is expected to retain about 160 jobs (high season, dropped to 120 during the low season) [10] on the property.According to the receiver, Ashford Castle was profitable even during the period of bankruptcy. [11] Niall Rochford long time manager of the property, has said that the staff accepted a 20% to 30% paycut to ensure the hotel’s survival. [10]

In January 2014 to the new owners acquired the neighboring Lisloughrey Lodge, with plans to add resort. Ashford Castle itself was scheduled to open March 14 after major renovation that began in early January. [12] [13]

Today, most of the guests come from the US (60 percent, 30 percent in Ireland, 10 per cent from elsewhere)., With Californians account for the largest share of [10]

The castle was reopened in April 2015 following a major refurbishment. All 820 windows were replaced, a new management team installed ceiling and its stone targeted. Approximately € 47m was spent on restoring the property. [14]

In its time the castle has hosted many famous guests, including: King George V and his consort Queen Mary, John Lennon, George Harrison, Oscar Wilde (whose father, Sir William Wilde had an estate adjacent to Ashford, where the author spent a lot of his childhood); President Ronald Reagan, Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, Senator Ted Kennedy, John Wayne, Brad Pitt, Pierce Brosnan, and Prince Rainier III of Monaco and his wife, Princess Grace.

2011 public road controversy

In September 2011, ordered Gerry Barrett of electric gates installed, and then shut down, blocking a centuries-old public right of way over a bridge near the castle. The road used daily by families living on the farm as well as locals.After a letter to the castle management asking for the right of way to re ignored, a group of 150 concerned locals and Ashford residents protesting against the blocking of the right way. The group was joined by local politicians and Éamon Ó CUÍV, TD [15] Barrett had previously tried to block the protest by charging a higher court injunction. [16]


  1. ^ Jump up to: abcd Ministry of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (2011). An Introduction to the Architectural Heritage of County Galway. pp. 100-101. ISBN 978-1-4064-2534-5.
  2. Jump up ^ “estates database: Browne (Castlemagarret)”. NUI Galway.Hämtad22 May 2013.
  3. Jump up ^ “estates database: Ashford Castle”. NUI Galway. Taken 22 maj2013.
  4. ^ Jump up to: abc “Landed estates database: Guinness”. NUI Galway.Hämtad22 May 2013.
  5. Jump up ^ “Moytura”.
  6. Jump up ^ Egan, Claire (2 October 2007). “New owners at Ashford Castle”. Mayo News.
  7. Jump up ^ “Can Nama hotel provides five-star treatment?”. Irish Times. February 26, 2010. Archived from the original December 4, 2010.
  8. Jump up ^ “Ashford Castle goes into voluntary bankruptcy” 29 November 2011. Archived from the original August 29, 2012.
  9. ^ Jump up to: abc “Ashford Castle is on the market again.” Irish Times. On October 31, 2012. Archived from the original November 1, 2012.
  10. ^ Jump up to: abc . Boland, Rosita (8 June 2013) “Niall Rochford, head of Ashford Castle, Cong, Co Mayo.” Irish Times. Archived from the original 20 Oct, 2013. Retrieved 16 August, 2013.
  11. Jump up ^ Fagan, Jack (22 May 2013). “Ashford Castle Hotel Resort was sold for € 20m.” Irish Times. Archived from the original On 1 November, 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  12. Jump up ^ Hancock, Ciarán (25 January 2014). “Ashford Castle owner buys neighboring Lisloughrey Lodge”. Irish Times. Retrieved March 26, 2014.
  13. Jump up ^ Deegan, Gordon (13 March 2014). “Revamped Ashford Castle paid € 785,000 in fees.” Retrieved March 26, 2014.
  14. Jump up ^ “Ashford Castle completes its journey from bankruptcy to luxury restoration” .Irish Independent. 14 April 2015. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  15. Jump up ^ “Ó CUÍV goes Ashford Castle protest”. The Irish Times.Archived from the original September 26, 2011.
  16. Jump up ^ “Ashford Castle secures injunction”. RTÉ.ie. 23 September 2011.

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